Paul and The Early Church | TBN

Paul and The Early Church

Watch Paul and The Early Church
September 19, 2019
26:45

Jesus the Game Changer

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Paul and The Early Church

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  • - PAUL, IN A FAMOUS PHRASE,
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  • SAYS THAT THERE IS NO JEW OR GREEK,
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  • AND THAT THIS IDEA THAT DIFFERENCE IS DISSOLVED,
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  • THAT CHRIST HAS COME FOR THE WHOLE OF HUMANITY.
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  • [ELECTRONIC MUSIC]
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  • [ELECTRONIC MUSIC]
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  • OH, OH, OH, OH, OH
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  • OH, OH, OH, OH, OH
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  • - WE'RE HERE IN ETHIOPIA, A COUNTRY THAT WAS INFLUENCED
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  • BY THE LIFE AND TEACHING OF JESUS
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  • IN THE VERY EARLIEST YEARS, IN THE FIRST CENTURY.
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  • IN ACTS CHAPTER EIGHT, WE KNOW THAT PHIIP WAS TOLD
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  • BY THE SPIRIT TO GO DOWN TO A LONELY DESERT ROAD.
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  • HE MET AN ETHIOPIAN PUBLIC SERVANT COMING HOME.
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  • THEY HAD AN INTERACTION.
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  • THE PUBLIC SERVANT WAS BAPTIZED
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  • AND THEN BROUGHT HIS NEW FAITH BACK HERE
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  • TO HIS HOME COUNTRY.
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  • IT'S JUST ONE EXAMPLE IN THE EARLIEST OF YEARS
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  • ABOUT HOW THE MESSAGE OF JESUS WAS BEING SPREAD
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  • ACROSS THE EARTH.
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  • BUT WHAT WAS IT ABOUT JESUS
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  • THAT CREATED A GLOBAL MISSIONARY MOVEMENT?
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  • [PERCUSSIVE MUSIC]
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  • WELL, HERE'S JUST A COUPLE OF THOUGHTS.
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  • FIRST, THE VALIDITY OF HIS OWN LIFE.
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  • THERE WERE EYEWITNESSES THAT WROTE DOWN
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  • WHAT THEY SAW AND HEARD.
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  • SECONDLY, JESUS SAW HIMSELF NOT AS A SPIRITUAL TEACHER
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  • OR A RELIGIOUS LEADER.
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  • JESUS SAW HIMSELF AS GOD'S SON ON EARTH.
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  • HIS DEATH ON A ROMAN CROSS, BUT THEN HIS RESURRECTION
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  • PROVED THE TRUTH OF THAT STATEMENT,
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  • AND THAT RESURRECTION WAS WITNESSED BY HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE,
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  • SOME OF WHOM PAID FOR THEIR BELIEF IN DEFENSE OF JESUS
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  • WITH THEIR LIVES.
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  • THIRDLY, JESUS SENT HIS FOLLOWERS.
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  • AT THE END OF MATTHEW'S GOSPEL,
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  • THE LAST THING THAT JESUS SAYS TO HIS FOLLOWERS
  • 00:02:20.090 --> 00:02:23.150
  • IS TO GO INTO THE WORLD, AND AS YOU GO,
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  • TO SPREAD THE MESSAGE OF THE LIFE AND TEACHING OF JESUS.
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  • HE SENDS HIS FOLLOWERS TO BE MISSIONARIES.
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  • AND FOURTHLY, AND IMPORTANTLY,
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  • THE POWER OF THE SPIRIT OF GOD.
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  • PHILIP WAS MOVED TO GO TO THAT DESERT ROAD
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  • BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD.
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  • THE FIRST DISCIPLES WENT FROM A SCARED GROUP
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  • IN AN UPPER ROOM TO A GROUP POWERFULLY TAKING A MESSAGE
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  • ACROSS THE WORLD, AND HERE IN AFRICA, EVERY DAY THE POWER
  • 00:02:47.110 --> 00:02:50.210
  • OF THE SPIRIT OF GOD IS GROWING THE CHURCH.
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  • CHRISTIANITY, IN THE FACE OF PERSECUTION AND OPPOSITION,
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  • HAS ACTUALLY TAKEN THIS MESSAGE TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH.
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  • AS PEOPLE HAVE TALKED ABOUT THE LIFE AND TEACHING OF JESUS,
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  • IT'S BECOME A GLOBAL GAME CHANGER.
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  • [GENTLE PIANO MUSIC]
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  • - THE CHURCH SPREAD IN THREE MAIN LINGUISTIC GROUPS,
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  • THROUGH THE SYRIAC, WHICH WAS RELATED TO THE ARAMAIC
  • 00:03:24.130 --> 00:03:27.110
  • THAT JESUS SPOKE, THROUGH THE GREEK LANGUAGE,
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  • AND THROUGH LATIN,
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  • AND BECAUSE ALL OF THAT WAS SITUATED IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE,
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  • THERE WERE OPEN ROADS AND AN ABILITY TO TRAVEL
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  • WITHOUT HAVING TO CROSS SO MANY POLITICAL BOUNDARIES.
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  • SO THE CHURCH SPREAD FROM CITY TO CITY,
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  • OR PROVINCE TO PROVINCE, IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE
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  • AND IN THE PERSIAN EMPIRE.
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  • SO IT SPREAD ALONG THESE LINGUISTIC LINES
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  • AND WAS A STEADILY OUTWARD MOVING CONNECTION.
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  • I LIKE TO THINK OF IT, IT WAS A NETWORK,
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  • IT WAS A HUMAN NETWORK.
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  • SO WHEN WE LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF THE FOLLOWERS OF JESUS,
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  • WE CAN SEE EACH BELIEVER AS A LINK IN A CHAIN
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  • THAT BEGINS WITH JESUS CHRIST HIMSELF
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  • AND HIS EMBEDDEDNESS IN THE JEWISH PEOPLE
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  • AND HIS CALLING FROM GOD,
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  • AND THEN THOSE LINKS IN THE CHAIN CONTINUE SPREADING
  • 00:04:16.040 --> 00:04:20.210
  • IN MULTIPLE DIRECTIONS ACROSS ALL DIFFERENT KINDS
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  • OF LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL BOUNDARIES.
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  • - WE KNOW VERY QUICKLY, BY ABOUT 70 A.D.,
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  • YOU'VE GOT THE CHURCH SPREAD IN PARTS OF THE TRANSJORDAN,
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  • JUST ACROSS THE JORDAN RIVER.
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  • IT'S IN SYRIA, IT'S IN EGYPT, IT'S PROBABLY IN NORTH AFRICA.
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  • IT'S PROBABLY GONE AS FAR AS PERSIA
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  • AND CERTAINLY, I THINK, BY THE SECOND CENTURY,
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  • THERE'S A VERY GOOD CHANCE
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  • THAT THE CHURCH HAS ALSO GONE INTO INDIA AS WELL.
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  • AND BETWEEN BAGHDAD AND PEKING BY LIKE THE 12TH CENTURY,
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  • YOU'VE GOT 24 MAJOR DIOCESES OF THE NESTORIAN CHURCH
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  • IN THAT AREA.
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  • SO THERE WAS THIS VERY VIBRANT CHURCH
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  • ACROSS THE STEPS OF ASIA,
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  • PERSIA, ALL THE WAY THROUGH TO INDIA AND CHINA.
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  • YOU DON'T HEAR A LOT ABOUT IT,
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  • BUT THERE'S ACTUALLY QUITE A VERY SIGNIFICANT HISTORY
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  • OF THE CHURCH OUT THERE.
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  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
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  • - IT'S CLEARER NOW THAN IT WAS EVEN 50 YEARS AGO,
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  • THAT THE CHRISTIAN FAITH SPREAD OUT EASTWARD
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  • FROM JERUSALEM AND JUDEA, AS WELL AS WESTWARD,
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  • SO INTO ADESSA, INTO NOW WHAT'S MODERN IRAN AND IRAQ,
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  • EVEN, IN SOME WAYS, PERHAPS EVEN A LITTLE BIT FURTHER
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  • INTO WHAT WOULD NOW BE CONSIDERED THE
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  • STANDS OF CENTRAL ASIA.
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  • THE CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT WAS MOVING UP NORTHWARDS
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  • TOWARD WHAT'S CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA,
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  • AS WELL AS IN THE MORE BETTER STUDIED,
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  • MORE TRADITIONALLY FOCUSED UPON MOVEMENT
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  • OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH WESTWARD INTO THE MEDITERRANEAN,
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  • AND THEN EVENTUALLY NORTHWARD INTO EUROPE.
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  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
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  • - WHAT WAS PAUL LIKE WHEN HE WAS SAUL
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  • AND BEFORE HE HAD THAT EXPERIENCE IN DAMASCUS?
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  • - YOU WOULD THINK YOU HAD COME ACROSS A RELIGIOUS FANATIC,
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  • AS IF HE WAS PART OF THE JUDEAN VERSION OF AL-QAEDA,
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  • BECAUSE THIS WAS A GUY WHO WAS COMMITTED
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  • TO THE JEWISH WAY OF LIFE, THE TRADITION OF THE PHARISEES.
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  • HE THOUGHT HE WAS PRETTY MUCH BLAMELESS UNDER THE LAW.
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  • HE WAS EXCELLING IN THE TRADITIONS OF THE ELDERS
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  • AND HE SAYS HE WAS FILLED WITH ZEAL,
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  • AND ZEAL DOESN'T MEAN JUST BUCKET LOADS OF ENTHUSIASM.
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  • ZEAL MEANS A WILLINGNESS TO ENGAGE IN HOLY VIOLENCE
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  • TO PROTECT GOD'S REPUTATION AND TO PROTECT THE PURITY
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  • AND THE SANCTITY OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD.
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  • HE CAME TO TARGET ONE PARTICULAR GROUP,
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  • FOLLOWERS OF JESUS, THE NAZARENES,
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  • THE FOLLOWERS OF THE WAY.
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  • EVENTUALLY, THEY'D BE CALLED CHRISTIANS.
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  • HE TARGETED THEM BECAUSE HE BELIEVED THEY WERE A ROGUE CULT.
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  • HE WANTED TO COMPLETELY NULLIFY THEM AS A MOVEMENT.
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  • NOW WHETHER THAT MEANT SUPPRESSING THEM,
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  • SCATTERING THEM, IMPRISONING THEM, BEATING THEM,
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  • OR IN SOME CASES EVEN KILLING THEM,
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  • THIS WAS A GUY WHO REALLY BELIEVED
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  • THAT THE END JUSTIFIES THE MEANS.
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  • HE WAS ACTUALLY ONE OF THE LEAD PERSECUTORS,
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  • BUT HE GOT DRAFTED. [LAUGHS]
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  • HE HAD A MUCH MORE DRAMATIC EXPERIENCE
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  • WHERE JESUS ACTUALLY APPEARED TO HIM AND SPOKE TO HIM.
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  • PEOPLE AROUND HEARD THE NOISE AND SAW THE LIGHT
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  • AND HE BECAME A FOLLOWER OF JESUS
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  • WHEN HE REALIZED THAT WAS THE TRUTH,
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  • EVEN THOUGH HE REALIZED HE HAD BEEN PERSECUTING
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  • FOLLOWERS OF JESUS, HE WAS GONNA GET IT, TOO,
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  • BUT HE BEGAN SHARING THE MESSAGE ALSO
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  • AND WAS VERY EFFECTIVE IN DOING SO.
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  • - HE'S ON HIS WAY TO DAMASCUS
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  • TO PERSECUTE FOLLOWERS OF JESUS THERE
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  • FOR ALL THE THINGS THEY'RE DOING
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  • AND JESUS APPEARS TO HIM.
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  • HE HAS A VISION OF JESUS AND WE FIND THIS DESCRIBED
  • 00:07:57.180 --> 00:08:00.040
  • THREE TIMES IN THE BOOK OF ACTS.
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  • LUKE TELLS US THREE TIMES WHAT HAPPENED AT PAUL'S CONVERSION
  • 00:08:01.270 --> 00:08:05.070
  • AND PAUL ALLUDES TO IT HIMSELF IN GALATIANS 1
  • 00:08:05.090 --> 00:08:08.140
  • AND PHILIPPIANS 3 AND IN SOME OTHER PLACES AS WELL,
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  • AND IT'S THIS ARRESTING REVERSAL OF PAUL.
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  • HE OBVIOUSLY IS INSTANTANEOUSLY SORT OF CONVERTED TO JESUS,
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  • NOT NECESSARILY CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY,
  • 00:08:19.210 --> 00:08:21.260
  • TO A SEPARATE RELIGION, BUT HE SEES HIMSELF NOW
  • 00:08:21.280 --> 00:08:25.090
  • AS CALLED TO, RATHER THAN DESTROY THE FOLLOWERS OF JESUS,
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  • NOW HE BELIEVES THAT GOD'S GLORY IS REVEALED IN JESUS,
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  • AND PAUL IS GOING TO GLORIFY HIM BY BRINGING THE GENTILES,
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  • NON-JEWS, TO WORSHIP THE GOD OF ISRAEL THROUGH JESUS.
  • 00:08:38.050 --> 00:08:41.290
  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
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  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
  • 00:08:49.050 --> 00:08:56.200
  • - SO, TOM, PAUL, WHAT DID HE WRITE AND SAY
  • 00:08:56.220 --> 00:08:59.000
  • THAT WAS SO SIGNIFICANT FOR THE TIME?
  • 00:08:59.020 --> 00:09:01.130
  • - PAUL IS ABSOLUTELY THE KEY FIGURE
  • 00:09:01.150 --> 00:09:03.250
  • IN THE EMERGENCE OF THE FORM OF CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:09:03.270 --> 00:09:07.000
  • THAT THE WORLD TODAY IS THE HEIR TO,
  • 00:09:07.020 --> 00:09:13.190
  • AND THE DECISIVE TEACHING THAT HE ARGUES FOR
  • 00:09:13.210 --> 00:09:18.270
  • AND SUCCESSFULLY INCUBATES WITHIN THE INFANT CHURCH
  • 00:09:18.290 --> 00:09:22.210
  • IS THE IDEA THAT CHRIST DIED FOR ALL OF HUMANITY,
  • 00:09:22.230 --> 00:09:27.240
  • SO NOT JUST FOR THE JEWS, AND THAT THE LAW OF MOSES,
  • 00:09:27.260 --> 00:09:33.070
  • THEREFORE, IN A SENSE HAS BEEN SUPERSEDED.
  • 00:09:33.090 --> 00:09:38.170
  • SO PAUL, IN A FAMOUS PHRASE,
  • 00:09:38.190 --> 00:09:43.020
  • SAYS THAT THERE IS NO JEW OR GREEK,
  • 00:09:43.040 --> 00:09:48.260
  • AND THIS IDEA THAT DIFFERENCE IS DISSOLVED,
  • 00:09:48.280 --> 00:09:54.160
  • THAT CHRIST HAS COME FOR THE WHOLE OF HUMANITY,
  • 00:09:54.180 --> 00:10:01.290
  • IS A FUSION OF JEWISH SPECIFICITY AND
  • 00:10:02.010 --> 00:10:06.200
  • GREEK COSMOPOLITANISM.
  • 00:10:06.220 --> 00:10:09.190
  • IT FUSES THE IDEA THAT THERE IS A COVENANT
  • 00:10:09.210 --> 00:10:13.190
  • THAT GOD, IN A SENSE, HAS ENTERED INTO
  • 00:10:13.210 --> 00:10:18.240
  • A CLOSE, PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP WITH ALL THE WORLD,
  • 00:10:18.260 --> 00:10:23.290
  • AND THIS IS A FUSION OF JEWISH AND GREEK IDEAS
  • 00:10:24.010 --> 00:10:28.240
  • THAT, IN PAUL'S LETTERS, WILL HAVE THE POWER
  • 00:10:28.260 --> 00:10:32.100
  • TO SHAPE AND TRANSFORM THE WORLD.
  • 00:10:32.120 --> 00:10:36.100
  • - HE'S INFLUENTIAL FOR A COUPLE OF REASONS.
  • 00:10:36.120 --> 00:10:38.110
  • I THINK, IN PART BECAUSE HE WROTE LETTERS AND WE HAVE THEM,
  • 00:10:38.130 --> 00:10:41.250
  • IN PART BECAUSE HE WAS SUCH A DEEPLY THEOLOGICAL PERSON,
  • 00:10:41.270 --> 00:10:47.100
  • VERY REFLECTIVE AND WE SEE THAT IN THE LETTERS.
  • 00:10:47.120 --> 00:10:51.070
  • HE WAS A JEW THAT WAS BORN OUTSIDE OF JUDEA,
  • 00:10:51.090 --> 00:10:54.200
  • SO HE'S VERY COMFORTABLE IN THE BIG GREEK CITIES
  • 00:10:54.220 --> 00:10:57.090
  • LIKE EPHESUS AND CORINTH,
  • 00:10:57.110 --> 00:11:02.030
  • AND HE WAS TIRELESS,
  • 00:11:02.050 --> 00:11:03.240
  • AND SO HE JUST STARTED THESE SMALL GROUPS
  • 00:11:03.260 --> 00:11:07.210
  • THAT HAD A CHANCE TO GROW.
  • 00:11:07.230 --> 00:11:10.030
  • EVEN THOUGH THEY WERE GROWING SLOWLY,
  • 00:11:10.050 --> 00:11:11.180
  • THEY HAD A CHANCE TO GROW AND THEY PRESERVED HIS LETTERS,
  • 00:11:11.200 --> 00:11:15.050
  • AND SO THAT MADE IT, I THINK, A FOUNDATION
  • 00:11:15.070 --> 00:11:19.060
  • ON WHICH THE CHURCH COULD BUILD.
  • 00:11:19.080 --> 00:11:20.190
  • - PAUL'S LETTERS ARE PROBABLY, RELATIVE TO THEIR LENGTH,
  • 00:11:20.210 --> 00:11:26.230
  • PROBABLY THE MOST DECISIVE, THE MOST TRANSFORMATIVE TEXTS
  • 00:11:26.250 --> 00:11:30.280
  • THAT HAVE EVER BEEN WRITTEN,
  • 00:11:31.000 --> 00:11:32.130
  • CERTAINLY THAT ARE WRITTEN IN ANTIQUITY.
  • 00:11:32.150 --> 00:11:38.060
  • THE SENSE OF EXPLOSIVE POWER, OF TRANSFORMATIVE POWER
  • 00:11:38.080 --> 00:11:43.230
  • THAT THEY CONTAIN WITHIN THEM IS ASTONISHING.
  • 00:11:43.250 --> 00:11:46.000
  • IT'S KIND OF LIKE THE RADIOACTIVE HEART
  • 00:11:46.020 --> 00:11:49.060
  • OF SOME ENORMOUS POWER STATION.
  • 00:11:49.080 --> 00:11:51.120
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:11:51.140 --> 00:11:59.090
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:11:59.090 --> 00:12:06.270
  • - WE READ SOME OF THE REMARKABLE THINGS
  • 00:12:06.290 --> 00:12:08.200
  • THAT PAUL DID IN ACTS, UNDER ENORMOUS PRESSURE,
  • 00:12:08.220 --> 00:12:12.190
  • AND THE CHURCH GREW.
  • 00:12:12.210 --> 00:12:14.070
  • IN THIS SORT OF ENVIRONMENT,
  • 00:12:14.090 --> 00:12:15.270
  • YOU ALMOST SEE THAT HAPPENING AGAIN.
  • 00:12:15.290 --> 00:12:17.270
  • - THE BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY PLUS OR MINUS
  • 00:12:17.290 --> 00:12:21.180
  • HAS DESTROYED MORE THAN 3.000 CHURCHES
  • 00:12:21.200 --> 00:12:23.260
  • IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA,
  • 00:12:23.280 --> 00:12:25.100
  • AND A NUMBER PASTORS KILLED, GOING TO THE DOZENS OF THEM,
  • 00:12:25.120 --> 00:12:31.030
  • MORE THAN 100, I WOULD SAY, IN THE LAST 10 YEARS.
  • 00:12:31.050 --> 00:12:34.080
  • BY 2010, THERE WAS THIS CRISIS
  • 00:12:34.100 --> 00:12:37.270
  • WHERE SO MANY MUSLIM YOUTHS WERE KILLED
  • 00:12:37.290 --> 00:12:39.290
  • AND SO MANY CHRISTIAN YOUTHS WERE KILLED
  • 00:12:40.010 --> 00:12:42.060
  • WITHIN THIS PARTICULAR COMMUNITY,
  • 00:12:42.080 --> 00:12:44.040
  • BUT WHEN I CAME INTO THE AREA AND I SAID,
  • 00:12:44.060 --> 00:12:47.010
  • "LOOK, WE NEED TO WORK AND BUILD.
  • 00:12:47.030 --> 00:12:48.280
  • "WE MUST SHOW JESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:12:49.000 --> 00:12:51.040
  • "WE CAN'T GO FOR TIT FOR TAT REPRISAL KIND OF A THING."
  • 00:12:51.060 --> 00:12:54.060
  • AND MOST OF THE PASTORS I SPOKE WITH THOUGHT I WAS CRAZY.
  • 00:12:54.080 --> 00:12:57.170
  • I SAID, "NO, WE MUST CARRY THE LOVE OF CHRIST."
  • 00:12:57.190 --> 00:12:59.140
  • IN THE THICK OF THE CRISIS WITHIN THAT COMMUNITY,
  • 00:12:59.160 --> 00:13:02.000
  • I HAD A CHURCH CLOSE TO THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY THERE,
  • 00:13:02.020 --> 00:13:06.140
  • AND BECAUSE IT BECAME SO INTENSE
  • 00:13:06.160 --> 00:13:09.260
  • AND THE SUICIDE BOMBINGS WERE COMING
  • 00:13:09.280 --> 00:13:11.160
  • AGAIN AND AGAIN AND AGAIN TO CHURCHES,
  • 00:13:11.180 --> 00:13:13.280
  • AN ELDER OF THE COMMUNITY SAID TO ME,
  • 00:13:14.000 --> 00:13:17.120
  • "HASSAN, I'M A MEMBER OF YOUR CHURCH
  • 00:13:17.140 --> 00:13:20.080
  • "AND I THINK IF WE CAN GET AN AK-47,
  • 00:13:20.100 --> 00:13:24.150
  • "THAT POSSIBLY MIGHT HELP."
  • 00:13:24.170 --> 00:13:27.190
  • POINTS IN CHRISTIAN HISTORY
  • 00:13:30.020 --> 00:13:33.150
  • AND A SIGNIFICANT MOMENT WAS WHEN CONSTANTINE MADE
  • 00:13:33.170 --> 00:13:36.120
  • CHRISTIANITY THE RELIGION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
  • 00:13:36.140 --> 00:13:38.030
  • WHAT DIFFERENCE DID THAT MAKE?
  • 00:13:38.050 --> 00:13:40.040
  • - POSITIVELY, HIS CONVERSION TO THE CHRISTIAN FAITH,
  • 00:13:40.060 --> 00:13:43.250
  • HIS FAVORING OF CHRISTIANITY MEANT THAT THE STIGMA
  • 00:13:43.270 --> 00:13:47.200
  • AND THE INTERMITTENT PERSECUTION
  • 00:13:47.220 --> 00:13:49.230
  • THAT HAD AFFECTED CHRISTIANS THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE
  • 00:13:49.250 --> 00:13:52.270
  • WOULD AT LEAST COME TO AN END OR MATERIALLY STOP.
  • 00:13:52.290 --> 00:13:56.090
  • SO THERE WAS GREATER LIBERTY TO TRAVEL.
  • 00:13:56.110 --> 00:13:59.190
  • THERE WAS NOW THE ABILITY TO PULL TOGETHER LIBRARIES,
  • 00:13:59.210 --> 00:14:02.090
  • TO BUILD CHURCHES, TO HAVE STATED TIMES OF WORSHIP
  • 00:14:02.110 --> 00:14:05.220
  • AND COMMUNION THAT WERE MOSTLY FREE
  • 00:14:05.240 --> 00:14:07.270
  • FROM OUTSIDE PERSECUTION.
  • 00:14:07.290 --> 00:14:10.010
  • NEGATIVELY, THE TEMPTATION, ONCE HAVING MADE IT,
  • 00:14:10.030 --> 00:14:15.250
  • WAS TO THINK THAT THE PRIMARY GOAL OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD
  • 00:14:15.270 --> 00:14:19.170
  • WAS TO HAVE POWER ON EARTH, WHEN BEFORE CONSTANTINE,
  • 00:14:19.190 --> 00:14:23.180
  • PEOPLE KNEW THAT LIFE ON EARTH WAS IMPORTANT,
  • 00:14:23.200 --> 00:14:25.170
  • BUT BECAUSE THERE WAS NO HOPE
  • 00:14:25.190 --> 00:14:27.060
  • OF HAVING ANY KIND OF POWER ON EARTH,
  • 00:14:27.080 --> 00:14:29.090
  • THE KEY THING WAS TO HONOR GOD FIRST
  • 00:14:29.110 --> 00:14:31.120
  • AND THEN TO LET WHATEVER ELSE HAPPENED HAPPEN.
  • 00:14:31.140 --> 00:14:33.260
  • - WELL, VIRTUALLY OVERNIGHT,
  • 00:14:33.280 --> 00:14:35.140
  • CHRISTIANS WENT FROM BEING PERSECUTED TO BEING TOLERATED,
  • 00:14:35.160 --> 00:14:39.160
  • AND THEN EVENTUALLY TO BEING FAVORED
  • 00:14:39.180 --> 00:14:43.010
  • WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF EMPIRE.
  • 00:14:43.030 --> 00:14:45.250
  • AND SO THE CHURCH MOVED FROM
  • 00:14:45.270 --> 00:14:48.170
  • A DECENTRALIZED PERSECUTED MENTALITY
  • 00:14:48.190 --> 00:14:53.260
  • TO A MORE CONFIDENT BUT ALSO A STATE CHURCH MENTALITY.
  • 00:14:53.280 --> 00:14:59.140
  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
  • 00:14:59.160 --> 00:15:04.110
  • - I THOUGHT IT WAS A GREAT IDEA.
  • 00:15:04.130 --> 00:15:06.050
  • WHY NOT GET AN AK-47?
  • 00:15:06.070 --> 00:15:08.130
  • BECAUSE HE SAID, "LOOK, I'M A RETIRED MILITARY OFFICER.
  • 00:15:08.150 --> 00:15:10.290
  • "AT LEAST WE CAN BRING DOWN ANY SUICIDE BOMBER
  • 00:15:11.010 --> 00:15:13.120
  • "AS HE APPROACHES THE CHURCH."
  • 00:15:13.140 --> 00:15:15.210
  • AND I DISCUSSED IT WITH A FEW MEMBERS OF THE CHURCH,
  • 00:15:15.230 --> 00:15:19.030
  • AND THEY THOUGHT, "WHY NOT?
  • 00:15:19.050 --> 00:15:21.080
  • "WE COULD DO THAT."
  • 00:15:21.100 --> 00:15:23.040
  • THEN TWO DAYS LATER,
  • 00:15:23.060 --> 00:15:25.030
  • I THINK IT WAS ON A TUESDAY OR WEDNESDAY,
  • 00:15:25.050 --> 00:15:26.150
  • I MET A FRIEND WHO HAD REPORTED WITHIN THOSE AREAS A LOT
  • 00:15:26.170 --> 00:15:30.050
  • AND KNEW QUITE A NUMBER OF PEOPLE
  • 00:15:30.070 --> 00:15:31.280
  • THAT WENT INTO THIS ILLEGAL GUN RUNNING.
  • 00:15:32.000 --> 00:15:34.070
  • SO I MET ONE OF THESE YOUNG MEN AND I SAID,
  • 00:15:34.090 --> 00:15:36.180
  • "WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO GET AN AK-47?"
  • 00:15:36.200 --> 00:15:38.070
  • AND HE SAID IT WAS GOING TO COST ME ABOUT 450.000 NAIRA.
  • 00:15:38.090 --> 00:15:43.070
  • THAT'S ABOUT ALMOST 1.000 POUNDS.
  • 00:15:43.090 --> 00:15:46.250
  • AND I SAID, "OOF, EVEN IF I PUT THE ENTIRE OFFERING
  • 00:15:46.270 --> 00:15:50.040
  • "OF MY CHURCH FOR A WHOLE YEAR,
  • 00:15:50.060 --> 00:15:51.240
  • "WE CAN'T COME UP WITH THAT AMOUNT."
  • 00:15:51.260 --> 00:15:54.110
  • BUT A DAY LATER, ON A THURSDAY MORNING,
  • 00:15:54.130 --> 00:15:57.020
  • I WAS SITTING IN FRONT OF MY CHURCH,
  • 00:15:57.040 --> 00:15:58.190
  • AND THERE'S THIS LITTLE GIRL THAT COMES DOWN.
  • 00:15:58.210 --> 00:16:00.060
  • SHE WAS SELLING PEANUTS AND I CALLED THIS GIRL AND I SAID,
  • 00:16:00.080 --> 00:16:02.190
  • "HEY, COME, LET ME BUY SOME."
  • 00:16:02.210 --> 00:16:05.110
  • AND THE LITTLE GIRL COMES
  • 00:16:05.130 --> 00:16:06.250
  • AND I NOTICE THAT SHE WASN'T IN SCHOOL EARLY THAT MORNING
  • 00:16:06.270 --> 00:16:10.160
  • AND I SAID, "WHY ARE YOU NOT IN SCHOOL?"
  • 00:16:10.180 --> 00:16:12.040
  • AND SHE SAID, "OH, MY PARENTS CANNOT AFFORD MY FEES."
  • 00:16:12.060 --> 00:16:14.250
  • AND I THOUGHT, I SAID, "PRIMARY SCHOOL IS RELATIVELY FREE,
  • 00:16:14.270 --> 00:16:18.290
  • "JUST A FEW CHARGES."
  • 00:16:19.010 --> 00:16:20.150
  • SO I TELL THIS GIRL, I SAID, "LOOK, GO TELL YOUR DAD
  • 00:16:20.170 --> 00:16:22.130
  • "THAT I'LL PAY YOUR SCHOOL FEE."
  • 00:16:22.150 --> 00:16:24.110
  • SHE SAYS HER DAD IS DEAD.
  • 00:16:24.130 --> 00:16:27.070
  • HE HAS BEEN KILLED IN THE CRISIS
  • 00:16:27.090 --> 00:16:28.190
  • AND I FELT THIS COMPASSION.
  • 00:16:28.210 --> 00:16:31.070
  • AND I SAID, "GO TELL YOUR MOTHER THAT I'LL PAY YOUR FEES
  • 00:16:31.090 --> 00:16:34.100
  • "IF SHE WILL ALLOW ME."
  • 00:16:34.120 --> 00:16:35.270
  • AND SO THE GIRL SMILED AND SHE STARTS WALKING AWAY.
  • 00:16:35.290 --> 00:16:39.070
  • I DECIDED TO GO ALONG WITH THE GIRL TO MEET HER PARENTS.
  • 00:16:39.090 --> 00:16:42.050
  • NOW AS I WALKED, I SAID EARLIER IT'S A COMMUNITY
  • 00:16:42.070 --> 00:16:46.060
  • WHERE CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS HAD FOUGHT.
  • 00:16:46.080 --> 00:16:49.050
  • THERE'S A ROAD THAT SEPARATES THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY
  • 00:16:49.070 --> 00:16:50.290
  • AND THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY.
  • 00:16:51.010 --> 00:16:52.110
  • SO AS THIS GIRL WALKS,
  • 00:16:52.130 --> 00:16:53.220
  • I NOW REALIZE SHE HAD LEFT THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY
  • 00:16:53.240 --> 00:16:57.010
  • AND SHE WAS WALKING TOWARD THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY,
  • 00:16:57.030 --> 00:16:59.220
  • AND I THOUGHT, "UH-OH, THIS GIRL IS A MUSLIM."
  • 00:16:59.240 --> 00:17:03.030
  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
  • 00:17:03.050 --> 00:17:07.020
  • - IN THOSE FIRST 300 YEARS OF THE EARLY CHURCH,
  • 00:17:07.040 --> 00:17:10.290
  • HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE THE MISSION
  • 00:17:11.010 --> 00:17:12.240
  • OR MISSIONARY MOVEMENT THEN?
  • 00:17:12.260 --> 00:17:15.210
  • - I THINK, IN MANY WAYS, THE MISSIONARY MOVEMENTS
  • 00:17:15.230 --> 00:17:18.060
  • OF THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY
  • 00:17:18.080 --> 00:17:20.110
  • ARE VERY SIMILAR TO MISSIONARY MOVEMENTS
  • 00:17:20.130 --> 00:17:22.290
  • IN THE NON-WESTERN WORLD TODAY.
  • 00:17:23.010 --> 00:17:25.100
  • THE FATE OF CHRISTIANITY DEPENDED UPON THE INTEGRITY
  • 00:17:25.120 --> 00:17:27.260
  • OF THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES,
  • 00:17:27.280 --> 00:17:30.060
  • THE INTEGRITY OF THE GOSPEL MESSAGE,
  • 00:17:30.080 --> 00:17:31.210
  • THE INTEGRITY OF THE LIFE THAT PEOPLE WERE LIVING.
  • 00:17:31.230 --> 00:17:34.290
  • A REALLY GOOD SOCIOLOGIST RODNEY STARK,
  • 00:17:35.010 --> 00:17:37.150
  • NOW AT BAYLOR UNIVERSITY,
  • 00:17:37.170 --> 00:17:38.270
  • HAS MADE THE VERY PERSUASIVE AND INTERESTING THESIS.
  • 00:17:38.290 --> 00:17:43.120
  • EARLY CHRISTIANITY SPREAD, YES,
  • 00:17:43.140 --> 00:17:45.080
  • BECAUSE THE MESSAGE WAS EFFECTIVE,
  • 00:17:45.100 --> 00:17:47.030
  • YES, BECAUSE THE PERSON OF JESUS WAS ATTRACTIVE,
  • 00:17:47.050 --> 00:17:50.220
  • BUT PERHAPS MOST BECAUSE CHRISTIANS WERE SIMPLY THERE.
  • 00:17:50.240 --> 00:17:55.000
  • IN A NOT VERY WELL ORGANIZED, NOT TOO SYSTEMATIC WAY,
  • 00:17:55.020 --> 00:17:57.230
  • CHRISTIANS ARE SIMPLY THERE TO DO ACTS OF KINDNESS,
  • 00:17:57.250 --> 00:18:00.130
  • HUMANITY, OUTREACH, IN SITUATIONS WHERE ROMAN CULTURE
  • 00:18:00.150 --> 00:18:06.060
  • DID NOT SMILE FAVORABLY ON THAT KIND OF PERSON TO PERSON,
  • 00:18:06.080 --> 00:18:09.080
  • GROUP TO GROUP OUTREACH.
  • 00:18:09.100 --> 00:18:11.060
  • - IF YOU ARE BEING TOLD THAT IF YOU WERE BAPTIZED IN SOME
  • 00:18:11.080 --> 00:18:17.150
  • WAY, YOU ENTER INTO THE FAMILY OF GOD.
  • 00:18:17.170 --> 00:18:19.110
  • YOU BECOME A SON, YOU BECOME A DAUGHTER OF GOD.
  • 00:18:19.130 --> 00:18:22.020
  • YOU'RE BEING GIVEN THE KIND OF DIGNITY THAT HITHERTO
  • 00:18:22.040 --> 00:18:25.080
  • ONLY EMPERORS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO BOAST,
  • 00:18:25.100 --> 00:18:27.280
  • AND IF YOU'RE A FIELD SLAVE, IF YOU'RE A SCULLERY MAID,
  • 00:18:28.000 --> 00:18:33.290
  • IF YOU'RE A PROSTITUTE, CHAINED,
  • 00:18:34.010 --> 00:18:41.160
  • BEING WORKED TO DEATH IN A BROTHEL,
  • 00:18:41.180 --> 00:18:44.290
  • THIS KIND OF DIGNITY IS SOMETHING THAT IS UNPRECEDENTED
  • 00:18:45.010 --> 00:18:50.100
  • AND IN TIME, THE DUES THAT THE WEALTHY CHRISTIANS
  • 00:18:50.120 --> 00:18:56.150
  • HAVE TO POOR CHRISTIANS MEANS THAT
  • 00:18:56.170 --> 00:19:03.140
  • ESSENTIALLY BUILDING UP WITHIN THE APPARATUS
  • 00:19:03.160 --> 00:19:06.260
  • OF THE ROMAN STATE, THERE IS ANOTHER APPARATUS,
  • 00:19:06.280 --> 00:19:09.260
  • THE APPARATUS OF AN INCIPIENT WELFARE STATE.
  • 00:19:09.280 --> 00:19:12.120
  • THIS IS SOMETHING WITHOUT PRECEDENT.
  • 00:19:12.140 --> 00:19:15.040
  • IT SPANS THE EMPIRE.
  • 00:19:15.060 --> 00:19:16.250
  • IF YOU'RE A CHRISTIAN, YOU TURN UP IN CARTHAGE OR ALEXANDRIA
  • 00:19:16.270 --> 00:19:19.210
  • OR CORINTH, AND THERE IS A CHURCH THERE, AND YOU'RE STUCK,
  • 00:19:19.230 --> 00:19:26.180
  • YOU CAN KNOW THAT THE PRINCIPLES OF CHRISTIAN CHARITY
  • 00:19:26.200 --> 00:19:28.260
  • WILL OFFER YOU HELP.
  • 00:19:28.280 --> 00:19:32.160
  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
  • 00:19:32.180 --> 00:19:36.250
  • - SO I WENT WITH HER ANYWAY INTO THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY
  • 00:19:36.270 --> 00:19:40.190
  • WITH ALL FEAR AND ANXIETY
  • 00:19:40.210 --> 00:19:43.020
  • BECAUSE MUSLIMS THAT CAME
  • 00:19:43.040 --> 00:19:45.000
  • INTO THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES GOT KILLED,
  • 00:19:45.020 --> 00:19:46.250
  • AND THOSE WHO COME INTO THE MUSLIM COMMUNITIES ALSO
  • 00:19:46.270 --> 00:19:48.160
  • GOT KILLED. IF I NEEDED TO TALK TO HER MOTHER,
  • 00:19:48.180 --> 00:19:51.150
  • I SHOULD GO TALK WITH THE IMAM IN THE COMMUNITY.
  • 00:19:51.170 --> 00:19:54.280
  • SO I WENT TO THE HOME OF THE IMAM AND HE SAID,
  • 00:19:55.000 --> 00:20:00.170
  • "YOU NEED TO MEET WITH HER MOTHER BECAUSE SHE WANTS TO SEE
  • 00:20:00.190 --> 00:20:02.200
  • "WHO IS PAYING THE FEE FOR HER GIRL."
  • 00:20:02.220 --> 00:20:06.070
  • SO HE SENDS FOR THE WOMAN AND THE WOMAN JUST COMES,
  • 00:20:06.090 --> 00:20:09.200
  • SHE GOES STRAIGHT DOWN ON HER KNEES.
  • 00:20:09.220 --> 00:20:11.200
  • SHE SAYS, "THANK YOU, THANK YOU FOR TRYING TO DO THIS
  • 00:20:11.220 --> 00:20:14.240
  • "BECAUSE I HAVE SOME TWO, THREE OTHER CHILDREN.
  • 00:20:14.260 --> 00:20:19.160
  • "WHO I CAN'T AFFORD THAT." SO ACTUALLY THE GIRL IS WORKING
  • 00:20:19.180 --> 00:20:22.070
  • SO THAT SHE COULD GET SOME MONEY FOR THE FAMILY.
  • 00:20:22.090 --> 00:20:24.160
  • SO I THOUGHT, WELL, I ASKED HER,
  • 00:20:24.180 --> 00:20:27.090
  • "WHAT ELSE CAN YOU DO SO THAT MIGHT HELP GET SOME MONEY
  • 00:20:27.110 --> 00:20:32.150
  • "INTO THE FAMILY?"
  • 00:20:32.170 --> 00:20:33.280
  • SHE SAID, WELL, SHE REALLY DOESN'T KNOW HOW TO DO ANYTHING.
  • 00:20:34.000 --> 00:20:36.280
  • I SAID, "OKAY, SUPPOSING I'M ABLE TO GET SOMEBODY
  • 00:20:37.000 --> 00:20:39.220
  • "WHO WOULD TEACH YOU A LITTLE SKILL
  • 00:20:39.240 --> 00:20:41.260
  • "SO THAT YOU COULD NOW DO SOMETHING
  • 00:20:41.280 --> 00:20:44.160
  • "TO HELP WITH THE FAMILY."
  • 00:20:44.180 --> 00:20:46.020
  • AND SHE SAID, "THAT WOULD BE GREAT."
  • 00:20:46.040 --> 00:20:47.130
  • SHE SAID, "ACTUALLY, THERE ARE THREE OTHER WOMEN."
  • 00:20:47.150 --> 00:20:50.090
  • INCIDENTALLY, OF COURSE, AS A MUSLIM,
  • 00:20:50.110 --> 00:20:51.210
  • THE MAN HAS SOME OTHER WIVES.
  • 00:20:51.230 --> 00:20:54.000
  • SO I SAID, "WELL, THAT'S OKAY, I CAN HANDLE THAT."
  • 00:20:54.020 --> 00:20:57.060
  • AND SHE SAID, "WELL, THE OTHER CHILDREN
  • 00:20:57.080 --> 00:20:59.020
  • "THAT ARE NOT GOING TO SCHOOL."
  • 00:20:59.040 --> 00:21:00.040
  • I SAID, "HOW MANY ARE THEY?"
  • 00:21:00.060 --> 00:21:01.240
  • SHE SAID THERE ARE, I THINK, ANOTHER FOUR.
  • 00:21:01.260 --> 00:21:03.180
  • I DID A QUICK MATH AND SAID, "WELL, I CAN ALSO HANDLE THAT."
  • 00:21:03.200 --> 00:21:06.170
  • SO WE SET THE NEXT SATURDAY TO MEET AND I SAID,
  • 00:21:06.190 --> 00:21:09.190
  • "LOOK," AS I WAS LEAVING, I SAID,
  • 00:21:09.210 --> 00:21:11.020
  • "LOOK, NOT ONLY IF THERE ARE ANY OTHER WIDOWS, MUSLIMS,
  • 00:21:11.040 --> 00:21:14.190
  • "WHO YOU THINK NEED HELP, WHY NOT TALK WITH THEM?"
  • 00:21:14.210 --> 00:21:18.090
  • ONE TEACHER CAN HANDLE A WHOLE CLASSROOM,
  • 00:21:18.110 --> 00:21:20.070
  • SO IT DOESN'T REALLY MATTER.
  • 00:21:20.090 --> 00:21:22.100
  • THREE WEEKS DOWN THE LINE, 86 WOMEN TURN UP,
  • 00:21:22.120 --> 00:21:25.280
  • AND AMONG THE 86, THERE ARE ABOUT 146 CHILDREN
  • 00:21:26.000 --> 00:21:29.120
  • WHO ARE NOT IN SCHOOL AT ALL.
  • 00:21:29.140 --> 00:21:32.030
  • SO I QUICKLY PANICKED AND I CALLED MY BISHOP AND I SAID,
  • 00:21:32.050 --> 00:21:35.140
  • "LOOK, I HAVE A PROBLEM HERE."
  • 00:21:35.160 --> 00:21:37.030
  • HE SAID TO ME ON THE PHONE, "HASSAN, GO AHEAD.
  • 00:21:37.050 --> 00:21:40.060
  • "MAYBE THE LORD IS DOING SOMETHING HERE WE DON'T KNOW.
  • 00:21:40.080 --> 00:21:42.080
  • "JUST GO AHEAD, WE'LL RAISE THE MONEY SOMEHOW."
  • 00:21:42.100 --> 00:21:44.280
  • AND ONE YEAR DOWN THE LINE, WE'VE TRAINED 250 MUSLIM WOMEN
  • 00:21:45.000 --> 00:21:50.170
  • IN ONE SKILL OR THE OTHER,
  • 00:21:50.190 --> 00:21:52.030
  • AND WE HAD CLOSE TO ABOUT 200 CHILDREN
  • 00:21:52.050 --> 00:21:54.010
  • THAT WERE IN ONE SCHOOL OR THE OTHER.
  • 00:21:54.030 --> 00:21:55.220
  • [GENTLE MUSIC]
  • 00:21:55.240 --> 00:21:59.180
  • - GOING BACK TO THE EARLY CHURCH.
  • 00:21:59.200 --> 00:22:03.190
  • SO FAITH STARTED IN A TINY CORNER.
  • 00:22:03.210 --> 00:22:05.240
  • - THE BACKWATERS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
  • 00:22:05.260 --> 00:22:07.080
  • I MEAN, IN THE MIDDLE OF NOWHERE.
  • 00:22:07.100 --> 00:22:08.200
  • - 300 YEARS LATER, CONSTANTINE MAKES IT THE RELIGION
  • 00:22:08.220 --> 00:22:11.170
  • OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE. HOW DID THAT HAPPEN?
  • 00:22:11.190 --> 00:22:13.160
  • - WELL, SO PART OF IT WAS,
  • 00:22:13.180 --> 00:22:15.000
  • IF YOU LOOK AT IT FROM A SECULAR PERSPECTIVE, AND PEOPLE DO,
  • 00:22:15.020 --> 00:22:17.040
  • PART OF IT IS IT MET THE NEEDS OF THE DAY.
  • 00:22:17.060 --> 00:22:21.080
  • IT ELEVATED THE UNDERCLASS.
  • 00:22:21.100 --> 00:22:23.270
  • IT VALUED WOMEN.
  • 00:22:23.290 --> 00:22:25.170
  • IT CARED FOR THE POOR.
  • 00:22:25.190 --> 00:22:27.040
  • MATTER OF FACT, IT WAS INTERESTING,
  • 00:22:27.060 --> 00:22:28.140
  • AS CHRISTIANITY EXPLODES ACROSS
  • 00:22:28.160 --> 00:22:30.180
  • WHAT WAS THEN THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
  • 00:22:30.200 --> 00:22:31.270
  • NOW KEEP IN MIND, TOO, IT'S NOT JUST EXPLODING
  • 00:22:31.290 --> 00:22:33.170
  • IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE, THERE'S ALSO WORK GOING ON
  • 00:22:33.190 --> 00:22:35.020
  • OUTSIDE THE EMPIRE. IN THE PLAGUE OF CYPRIAN,
  • 00:22:35.040 --> 00:22:36.160
  • NOW CYPRIAN'S THE BISHOP OF CARTHAGE,
  • 00:22:36.180 --> 00:22:38.130
  • AND IT'S KIND OF A PAIN TO HAVE A PLAGUE NAMED AFTER YOU,
  • 00:22:38.150 --> 00:22:40.110
  • WHEN YOU WERE THE PERSON WHO WAS WORKING AGAINST IT.
  • 00:22:40.130 --> 00:22:42.150
  • SO THE PLAGUE HITS, AND WHAT PEOPLE DO IN A PLAGUE
  • 00:22:42.170 --> 00:22:45.100
  • IS THEY FEND FOR THEMSELVES AND THEIR FAMILIES.
  • 00:22:45.120 --> 00:22:46.150
  • THEY BURN THE BRIDGES OF THE TOWN.
  • 00:22:46.170 --> 00:22:48.020
  • THEY BURN THEIR NEIGHBORS HOUSES IF THERE'S DISEASE.
  • 00:22:48.040 --> 00:22:50.180
  • SO CYPRIAN GATHERS THE BELIEVERS IN THE HEART OF CARTHAGE
  • 00:22:50.200 --> 00:22:53.110
  • AND SAYS, "NO, NO, NO, NOT US.
  • 00:22:53.130 --> 00:22:54.270
  • "WE'RE GONNA CARE FOR ANYBODY AND EVERYONE,
  • 00:22:54.290 --> 00:22:56.180
  • "REGARDLESS OF THEIR BELIEF OR THEIR ABILITIES."
  • 00:22:56.200 --> 00:22:58.280
  • AND THEY DID.
  • 00:22:59.000 --> 00:23:00.060
  • SO WHEN YOU SEE THAT FOR A FEW CENTURIES,
  • 00:23:00.080 --> 00:23:02.190
  • YOU GET A JULIAN THE APOSTATE
  • 00:23:02.210 --> 00:23:04.100
  • CALLING THESE IMPIOUS GALILEANS HIS ENEMIES
  • 00:23:04.120 --> 00:23:07.050
  • 'CAUSE THE PAGAN PRIESTS WON'T DO
  • 00:23:07.070 --> 00:23:09.220
  • WHAT THE REGULAR FOLLOWERS OF JESUS ARE DOING,
  • 00:23:09.240 --> 00:23:11.260
  • 'CAUSE THEY BELIEVED JESUS TOLD THEM TO DO IT.
  • 00:23:11.280 --> 00:23:13.220
  • - ONE OF THE COMMENTS THAT JESUS MAKES
  • 00:23:13.240 --> 00:23:16.080
  • THAT REALLY REVERBERATES THROUGH IS THIS IDEA
  • 00:23:16.100 --> 00:23:20.050
  • THAT AT THE DAY OF JUDGMENT,
  • 00:23:20.070 --> 00:23:22.090
  • HE WILL SAY TO THOSE WHO ARE SAVED,
  • 00:23:22.110 --> 00:23:27.180
  • "I WAS HUNGRY AND YOU FED ME.
  • 00:23:27.200 --> 00:23:28.260
  • "I WAS THIRSTY AND YOU GAVE ME WATER.
  • 00:23:28.280 --> 00:23:31.070
  • "I WAS NAKED AND YOU GAVE ME CLOTHING."
  • 00:23:31.090 --> 00:23:35.010
  • AND THEY WILL TURN AROUND AND SAY, "BUT WHEN DID WE DO THIS?
  • 00:23:35.030 --> 00:23:37.110
  • "I HAVE NO RECOLLECTION OF THIS."
  • 00:23:37.130 --> 00:23:39.100
  • HE SAID, "WHENEVER YOU DID THIS
  • 00:23:39.120 --> 00:23:41.010
  • "TO BROTHER OR SISTER OF MINE, BE HE THE LEAST,
  • 00:23:41.030 --> 00:23:44.140
  • "YOU DID IT FOR ME."
  • 00:23:44.160 --> 00:23:46.000
  • - NOW, WHY I'M BRINGING ALL THIS STORY
  • 00:23:50.260 --> 00:23:52.280
  • IS SIMPLY YOU SEE THE TRANSFORMATION
  • 00:23:53.000 --> 00:23:55.080
  • OF WHAT JESUS CHRIST HAS DONE IN A TIGHT SITUATION
  • 00:23:55.100 --> 00:23:58.140
  • WHERE I THOUGHT INITIALLY
  • 00:23:58.160 --> 00:24:00.050
  • I COULD SOLVE THIS PROBLEM WITH AN AK-47.
  • 00:24:00.070 --> 00:24:02.220
  • BECAUSE MONTHS DOWN THE LINE, I WAS IN CHURCH,
  • 00:24:02.240 --> 00:24:06.190
  • AND THERE WAS THIS COMMOTION IN THE MORNING.
  • 00:24:06.210 --> 00:24:08.250
  • THERE WERE SIRENS ALL OVER THE PLACE
  • 00:24:08.270 --> 00:24:10.270
  • AND I WANTED TO KNOW WHAT WAS GOING ON.
  • 00:24:10.290 --> 00:24:13.070
  • SHORTLY AFTER THE SERVICE, THE IMAM INITIALLY THAT I MET
  • 00:24:13.090 --> 00:24:17.070
  • CAME AND SAID TO ME,
  • 00:24:17.090 --> 00:24:18.250
  • "HASSAN, WE HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH THIS."
  • 00:24:18.270 --> 00:24:20.010
  • I SAID, "WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?"
  • 00:24:20.030 --> 00:24:21.100
  • HE SAID, "NO, ALL THIS ISSUE OF THE BOMB."
  • 00:24:21.120 --> 00:24:23.150
  • I SAID, "WHAT BOMB?"
  • 00:24:23.170 --> 00:24:24.280
  • NOW INCIDENTALLY, A MUSLIM YOUTH WAS APPROACHING THE CHURCH
  • 00:24:25.000 --> 00:24:28.100
  • WITH A DEVICE TO ATTACK THE CHURCH,
  • 00:24:28.120 --> 00:24:33.030
  • BUT ANOTHER MUSLIM YOUTH NOTICED,
  • 00:24:33.050 --> 00:24:35.160
  • SO HE RAISED AN ALARM AND THEY CALLED THE ARMY.
  • 00:24:35.180 --> 00:24:38.230
  • THE YOUNG MAN WAS ARRESTED AND SO THE SIREN I HEARD
  • 00:24:38.250 --> 00:24:41.220
  • WAS THE ANTI-BOMB SQUAD COMING TO TAKE THE DEVICE AWAY.
  • 00:24:41.240 --> 00:24:45.040
  • SO HE SAID, "HASSAN, I PROMISE YOU,
  • 00:24:45.060 --> 00:24:46.240
  • "AS LONG AS WE'RE IN THIS COMMUNITY,
  • 00:24:46.260 --> 00:24:48.040
  • "NOTHING WILL HAPPEN TO YOUR CHURCH.
  • 00:24:48.060 --> 00:24:49.290
  • "WE'RE HERE, WE'RE MUSLIMS, AND YOU ARE OUR BROTHER.
  • 00:24:50.010 --> 00:24:52.280
  • "NOTHING WILL HAPPEN."
  • 00:24:53.000 --> 00:24:55.060
  • - WOW. - YEAH.
  • 00:24:55.080 --> 00:24:57.000
  • - SO YOU DON'T NEED AN AK-47, YOU NEED TO LOVE PEOPLE.
  • 00:24:57.020 --> 00:24:59.100
  • - JUST LOVE. - WOW.
  • 00:24:59.120 --> 00:25:04.000
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:04.020 --> 00:25:09.280
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:25:10.000 --> 00:25:13.150
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:13.170 --> 00:25:19.150
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:25:19.170 --> 00:25:23.210
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:23.230 --> 00:25:29.140
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:25:29.160 --> 00:25:33.120
  • MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:33.140 --> 00:25:43.050
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:43.070 --> 00:25:49.100
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:25:49.120 --> 00:25:53.050
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:25:53.070 --> 00:25:59.110
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:25:59.130 --> 00:26:03.060
  • IT'S MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:26:03.080 --> 00:26:09.130
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:26:09.150 --> 00:26:13.070
  • MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:26:13.090 --> 00:26:19.180
  • STANDING IN THE LIMELIGHT
  • 00:26:19.200 --> 00:26:23.100
  • MOVING THE AIR
  • 00:26:23.120 --> 00:26:26.080