Jesus the Game Changer | TBN

Jesus the Game Changer

Watch Jesus the Game Changer
October 3, 2019
26:57

Africa

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Jesus the Game Changer

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  • [SOOTHING MUSIC]
  • 00:00:00.170 --> 00:00:02.210
  • - A LOT OF MISSIONARIES DIE.
  • 00:00:02.230 --> 00:00:04.160
  • A LOT OF MISSIONARIES DIE.
  • 00:00:04.180 --> 00:00:07.110
  • LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, IN WEST AFRICA
  • 00:00:07.130 --> 00:00:08.280
  • IN THE EARLY 19TH CENTURY,
  • 00:00:09.000 --> 00:00:10.230
  • YOU'RE GETTING CLOSE TO 70% MORTALITY WITHIN FIVE YEARS
  • 00:00:10.250 --> 00:00:13.250
  • FOR PEOPLE WHO WENT TO WEST AFRICA.
  • 00:00:13.270 --> 00:00:15.060
  • IT WAS ATROCIOUS.
  • 00:00:15.080 --> 00:00:16.160
  • THEY STILL WENT, THEY STILL WENT.
  • 00:00:16.180 --> 00:00:19.040
  • AND THEY STILL WENT KNOWING THAT.
  • 00:00:19.060 --> 00:00:22.070
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:00:22.090 --> 00:00:35.270
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:00:35.270 --> 00:00:45.070
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:00:45.070 --> 00:00:52.180
  • - THIS IS THE FINAL RESTING PLACE OF
  • 00:00:52.200 --> 00:00:54.140
  • MOST OF THE BODY OF DAVID LIVINGSTONE.
  • 00:00:54.160 --> 00:00:57.110
  • NOW, I SAY MOST OF HIS BODY BECAUSE
  • 00:00:57.130 --> 00:00:59.040
  • HIS HEART IS BURIED IN AFRICA.
  • 00:00:59.060 --> 00:01:02.020
  • WHEN HE DIED, SUCCUMBING TO YEARS OF ILL HEALTH,
  • 00:01:02.040 --> 00:01:04.240
  • HIS GUIDES AND HIS FRIENDS REMOVED HIS HEART
  • 00:01:04.260 --> 00:01:08.110
  • AND HIS INTERNAL ORGANS AND BURIED THEM THERE IN AFRICA.
  • 00:01:08.130 --> 00:01:11.140
  • THEY ROLLED HIS BODY IN SALT AND THEN THEY CARRIED HIM
  • 00:01:11.160 --> 00:01:15.030
  • FOR NINE MONTHS TO THE COAST OF AFRICA.
  • 00:01:15.050 --> 00:01:18.290
  • THEN FROM ZANZIBAR ON A SHIP, BACK HERE TO LONDON.
  • 00:01:19.010 --> 00:01:22.290
  • HE WAS TAKEN TO THE ROYAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY,
  • 00:01:23.010 --> 00:01:25.210
  • THEN THE DAY OF HIS FUNERAL, HE WAS PUT ON A CARRIAGE
  • 00:01:25.230 --> 00:01:28.290
  • AND BROUGHT THROUGH THE STREETS OF LONDON
  • 00:01:29.010 --> 00:01:30.290
  • TO THOUSANDS OF ADORING FANS.
  • 00:01:31.010 --> 00:01:33.170
  • HE WAS BROUGHT HERE, TO WESTMINSTER ABBEY,
  • 00:01:33.190 --> 00:01:35.250
  • AND BURIED IN THE NAVE.
  • 00:01:35.270 --> 00:01:41.030
  • HIS GRAVESTONE MAKES IT CLEAR,
  • 00:01:41.050 --> 00:01:43.110
  • WHAT DAVID LIVINGSTONE WAS ABOUT.
  • 00:01:43.130 --> 00:01:45.210
  • HE WAS AN EXPLORER.
  • 00:01:45.230 --> 00:01:47.030
  • HE WAS AGAINST THE EVIL OF THE SLAVE TRADE.
  • 00:01:47.050 --> 00:01:49.290
  • BUT, HIS GUIDING LIGHT, HIS PASSION,
  • 00:01:50.010 --> 00:01:52.250
  • WAS TO OPEN AFRICA TO CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:01:52.270 --> 00:01:55.190
  • TO TAKE THE MESSAGE JESUS TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH.
  • 00:01:55.210 --> 00:02:00.040
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:02:00.060 --> 00:02:08.020
  • WE'RE HERE IN EDINBURGH,
  • 00:02:08.040 --> 00:02:09.020
  • AND THE STATUE OF DAVID LIVINGSTONE
  • 00:02:09.040 --> 00:02:11.180
  • THAT DAVID LIVINGSTONE WENT ON MISSION FROM.
  • 00:02:11.200 --> 00:02:15.120
  • WHAT WAS THE INFLUENCE THAT
  • 00:02:15.140 --> 00:02:16.130
  • DAVID LIVINGSTONE HAD ON MISSION?
  • 00:02:16.150 --> 00:02:19.190
  • - HE BECOMES A SORT OF ICON OR SYMBOL,
  • 00:02:19.210 --> 00:02:22.030
  • IN SCOTLAND PARTICULARLY.
  • 00:02:22.050 --> 00:02:24.230
  • SO HE IS ONE OF THE FEW FIGURES
  • 00:02:24.250 --> 00:02:28.160
  • FROM MISSIONARY HISTORY WHO IS STILL REMEMBERED,
  • 00:02:28.180 --> 00:02:32.200
  • TO SOME EXTENT, IN SCOTTISH POPULAR UNDERSTANDINGS.
  • 00:02:32.220 --> 00:02:38.090
  • WE STILL HAVE A TOWN NAMED AFTER HIM.
  • 00:02:38.110 --> 00:02:40.160
  • HIS NAME APPEARS IN ALL SORTS OF CONTEXTS.
  • 00:02:40.180 --> 00:02:48.190
  • - TO UNDERSTAND LIVINGSTONE,
  • 00:02:48.210 --> 00:02:49.220
  • YOU HAVE TO START WITH HIM AS A CHILD.
  • 00:02:49.240 --> 00:02:51.210
  • HE GREW UP IN SCOTLAND AT A TIME WHEN FACTORIES
  • 00:02:51.230 --> 00:02:55.190
  • WERE WHERE PEOPLE WORKED, AND WHERE KIDS WORKED.
  • 00:02:55.210 --> 00:02:57.230
  • SO, HE WOULD GO TO SCHOOL, THEN AFTER SCHOOL HE'D GO HOME
  • 00:02:57.250 --> 00:03:00.260
  • AND START WORK IN THE FACTORIES WHERE THEY WERE
  • 00:03:00.280 --> 00:03:02.240
  • SPINNING YARN, AND HE'D WORK THERE ON THE WEEKENDS,
  • 00:03:02.260 --> 00:03:05.270
  • AND SO REALLY IT WAS A LIFE OF HARD WORK AND TOIL
  • 00:03:05.290 --> 00:03:09.230
  • AND HAVING TO SURVIVE THESE HORRIFIC CONDITIONS.
  • 00:03:09.250 --> 00:03:13.290
  • AT SOME POINT IN HIS YOUNG LIFE, HE WAS INSPIRED
  • 00:03:14.010 --> 00:03:16.150
  • TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY,
  • 00:03:16.170 --> 00:03:17.240
  • WHICH WAS ALSO A WAY TO ESCAPE THAT SORT OF LIFE,
  • 00:03:17.260 --> 00:03:20.140
  • AND THE WAY TO DO THAT, THE WAY TO GO BE A MISSIONARY,
  • 00:03:20.160 --> 00:03:22.200
  • WAS TO TAKE AN INTEREST IN THE MEDICAL FIELD AND SCIENCE.
  • 00:03:22.220 --> 00:03:26.140
  • AND SO HE STUDIED MEDICINE,
  • 00:03:26.160 --> 00:03:27.250
  • THE IDEA OF BEING A MEDICAL MISSIONARY.
  • 00:03:27.270 --> 00:03:32.060
  • HE HAD SOME INTEREST IN GOING TO OTHER PLACES LIKE CHINA,
  • 00:03:32.080 --> 00:03:34.210
  • BUT WAS SENT TO AFRICA.
  • 00:03:34.230 --> 00:03:36.190
  • - HE HAD A VISION OF OPENING UP CENTRAL AFRICA
  • 00:03:36.210 --> 00:03:41.100
  • FOR CHRISTIANITY AND BELIEVED THAT WESTERN TRADE,
  • 00:03:41.120 --> 00:03:45.260
  • ACTUALLY, HAD A PART TO PLAY IN THAT.
  • 00:03:45.280 --> 00:03:47.210
  • THAT WAS NOT ABOUT EXPLOITATION,
  • 00:03:47.230 --> 00:03:49.260
  • THAT WAS ABOUT OPENING CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION
  • 00:03:49.280 --> 00:03:53.080
  • ALONG WHICH THE CHRISTIAN GOSPEL COULD FLOW.
  • 00:03:53.100 --> 00:03:56.140
  • AND HE ALSO HAD EXTRAORDINARY BELIEF IN AFRICAN CAPACITY,
  • 00:03:56.160 --> 00:04:00.060
  • MUCH GREATER BELIEF IN AFRICAN CAPACITY OF LEADERSHIP,
  • 00:04:00.080 --> 00:04:03.230
  • THAN MANY OF HIS FELLOW MISSIONARIES.
  • 00:04:03.250 --> 00:04:08.250
  • - THERE WAS THIS FIRST VISIT, MISSION TRIP, TO AFRICA
  • 00:04:08.270 --> 00:04:12.020
  • WHERE HE WAS AT A MISSION BASE.
  • 00:04:12.040 --> 00:04:14.060
  • HE GOT REALLY, ALMOST CLAUSTROPHOBIC.
  • 00:04:14.080 --> 00:04:17.060
  • HE WAS LOOKING OUT OVER THE HILLS AND
  • 00:04:17.080 --> 00:04:19.140
  • HE SAW ALL THESE, THE SMOKE RISING IN THESE VILLAGES.
  • 00:04:19.160 --> 00:04:22.200
  • HE SAID, "HOW COME WE'RE NOT OUT THERE?
  • 00:04:22.220 --> 00:04:24.170
  • HOW COME WE'RE HERE IN THIS ONE MISSION COMPOUND
  • 00:04:24.190 --> 00:04:29.280
  • AND TRYING TO GET PEOPLE TO COME HERE,
  • 00:04:30.000 --> 00:04:31.090
  • WHY DON'T WE GO OUT TO ALL THESE VILLAGES?"
  • 00:04:31.110 --> 00:04:32.230
  • AND SO, HE TOOK OFF!
  • 00:04:32.250 --> 00:04:34.150
  • HE STARTED WALKING AND HE ACTUALLY CROSSED AFRICA,
  • 00:04:34.170 --> 00:04:37.270
  • AND CROSSED BACK ACROSS AFRICA, AND SO,
  • 00:04:37.290 --> 00:04:40.060
  • MADE THE FIRST ON-FOOT TRAVERSE OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT,
  • 00:04:40.080 --> 00:04:44.200
  • WHICH WAS INCREDIBLE!
  • 00:04:44.220 --> 00:04:46.170
  • HE SAW THIS EAST AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.
  • 00:04:46.190 --> 00:04:48.140
  • NOW, WE'RE SO VERY FAMILIAR IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA
  • 00:04:48.160 --> 00:04:52.120
  • WITH THE SLAVE TRADE THAT WENT OUT OF WEST AFRICA.
  • 00:04:52.140 --> 00:04:55.240
  • THERE WAS AN EAST AFRICAN TRADE
  • 00:04:55.260 --> 00:04:57.020
  • THAT WENT TO THE MIDDLE EAST, WENT TO INDIA.
  • 00:04:57.040 --> 00:04:59.240
  • - TELL US ABOUT ZANZIBAR AND WHAT WAS HAPPENING THERE.
  • 00:04:59.260 --> 00:05:03.020
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:05:03.040 --> 00:05:04.150
  • SO ZANZIBAR, A SMALL ISLAND OFF THE COAST OF TANZANIA,
  • 00:05:04.170 --> 00:05:06.220
  • THAT WAS THE EPICENTER OF THE SLAVE TRADE.
  • 00:05:06.240 --> 00:05:09.190
  • AT LEAST WHERE THEY BROUGHT THEM TO,
  • 00:05:09.210 --> 00:05:11.220
  • THE SLAVERS BROUGHT THEM TO, AND THEN THERE WAS THIS MARKET
  • 00:05:11.240 --> 00:05:14.280
  • WHERE THEY BOUGHT AND SOLD THEM FROM THERE,
  • 00:05:15.000 --> 00:05:16.170
  • THEY WOULD GET PUT ON SHIPS AND
  • 00:05:16.190 --> 00:05:17.280
  • BROUGHT TO THE MIDDLE EAST, TO INDIA, MAYBE CHINA,
  • 00:05:18.000 --> 00:05:23.070
  • PLACES THAT WENT IN AN EASTERLY DIRECTION.
  • 00:05:23.090 --> 00:05:25.100
  • HE SAW THIS AND IT WAS HORRIFIC AND HE WANTED TO GO
  • 00:05:25.120 --> 00:05:27.150
  • AND TRY TO SOLVE THIS.
  • 00:05:27.170 --> 00:05:30.020
  • TRY TO ABOLISH THE EAST AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.
  • 00:05:30.040 --> 00:05:36.020
  • - TO BE A MISSIONARY AT THE END OF THE 18TH, EARLY 19TH
  • 00:05:36.040 --> 00:05:40.020
  • CENTURY, WAS TO BE AN ABOLITIONIST.
  • 00:05:40.040 --> 00:05:42.250
  • AND A LOT OF THE DESIRE TO
  • 00:05:42.270 --> 00:05:46.220
  • TAKE THE CHRISTIAN GOSPEL
  • 00:05:46.240 --> 00:05:48.250
  • TO AFRICA WAS ABOUT REPAIRING A GREAT WRONG.
  • 00:05:48.270 --> 00:05:52.230
  • AND WE SEE THIS TIME AND TIME AGAIN.
  • 00:05:52.250 --> 00:05:56.240
  • THOSE PEOPLE WHO WERE MISSIONARIES WERE ALSO
  • 00:05:56.260 --> 00:06:00.220
  • SUPPORTING THE MOVE TO END SLAVERY.
  • 00:06:00.240 --> 00:06:06.260
  • - IF HE WAS LOOKING BACK AT THE END OF HIS LIFE,
  • 00:06:06.280 --> 00:06:08.190
  • BEFORE HE DIED, HOW DO YOU THINK HE THOUGHT ABOUT
  • 00:06:08.210 --> 00:06:11.170
  • WHAT HE'D DONE?
  • 00:06:11.190 --> 00:06:13.000
  • - I THINK HE FELT LIKE HE WAS A FAILURE.
  • 00:06:13.020 --> 00:06:15.120
  • HE HAD THESE BROKEN RELATIONSHIPS WITH HIS FAMILY,
  • 00:06:15.140 --> 00:06:19.010
  • HE HAD FAILED ON THAT SECOND JOURNEY,
  • 00:06:19.030 --> 00:06:21.060
  • THAT SECOND TRIP INTO AFRICA, AND THEN THIS THIRD TRIP,
  • 00:06:21.080 --> 00:06:23.180
  • THAT HE WAS LOST ON, HE BELIEVED HE HAD FAILED.
  • 00:06:23.200 --> 00:06:26.050
  • AND NOW, AT THIS POINT IN HIS LIFE, HE'S DESTITUTE.
  • 00:06:26.070 --> 00:06:28.290
  • HE ACTUALLY WAS SO,
  • 00:06:29.010 --> 00:06:30.290
  • SO SICK AND SO POOR THAT HE WAS RELYING
  • 00:06:31.010 --> 00:06:35.230
  • ON THE SLAVE TRADERS, WHOM HE HATED, TO JUST KEEP HIM ALIVE.
  • 00:06:35.250 --> 00:06:38.280
  • HE WAS SUCCESSFUL, BUT HE NEVER KNEW HE HAD ANY SUCCESS.
  • 00:06:39.000 --> 00:06:42.060
  • - THE IRONY IS THAT IN HIS LIFETIME,
  • 00:06:42.080 --> 00:06:44.190
  • HE PROBABLY ONLY HAD ONE CONVERT,
  • 00:06:44.210 --> 00:06:46.190
  • IF WE TALK OF ANYBODY HAVING CONVERTS.
  • 00:06:46.210 --> 00:06:49.180
  • BUT HE ALWAYS BELIEVED HE WAS A MISSIONARY.
  • 00:06:49.200 --> 00:06:51.270
  • HE HAD A VERY STRONG VIEW, A BROAD VIEW, OF PROVIDENCE,
  • 00:06:51.290 --> 00:06:55.090
  • THAT THE WORK OF EXPLORATION WAS ACTUALLY PART
  • 00:06:55.110 --> 00:06:59.240
  • OF DIVINE PROVIDENCE IN OPENING UP AFRICA
  • 00:06:59.260 --> 00:07:02.290
  • FOR A FUTURE GENERATION OF CHRISTIAN
  • 00:07:03.010 --> 00:07:07.080
  • ADVANCE AND PENETRATION.
  • 00:07:07.100 --> 00:07:09.260
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:07:09.280 --> 00:07:15.170
  • - WE'RE IN ACCRA IN GHANA.
  • 00:07:15.190 --> 00:07:17.080
  • AND HERE IN GHANA, 72% OF THE POPULATION ARE CHRISTIAN,
  • 00:07:17.100 --> 00:07:20.220
  • WHICH MEANS THAT SIGNS LIKE THIS ARE FAIRLY COMMON.
  • 00:07:20.240 --> 00:07:23.210
  • BACK IN 1900, IT'S BELIEVED THAT
  • 00:07:23.230 --> 00:07:25.270
  • ONLY 9.000.000 AFRICANS WERE CHRISTIANS.
  • 00:07:25.290 --> 00:07:28.290
  • BY THE YEAR 2000, THAT'D GROWN TO 380.000.000.
  • 00:07:29.010 --> 00:07:32.200
  • NOW, DAVID BARRETT FROM THE WORLD CHRISTIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA
  • 00:07:32.220 --> 00:07:35.170
  • BELIEVES THAT BY 2025,
  • 00:07:35.190 --> 00:07:37.220
  • THAT WILL GROW TO 633.000.000 PEOPLE.
  • 00:07:37.240 --> 00:07:42.160
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:07:42.180 --> 00:07:46.120
  • THE CHURCH IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA HAS EXPLODED IN SIZE
  • 00:07:46.140 --> 00:07:50.180
  • AND IT'S ALSO STARTING TO INFLUENCE THE GLOBAL CHURCH.
  • 00:07:50.200 --> 00:07:54.140
  • IN PLACES LIKE LONDON,
  • 00:07:54.160 --> 00:07:56.120
  • NIGERIAN CHURCHES ARE THE LARGEST CHURCHES IN LONDON.
  • 00:07:56.140 --> 00:08:00.070
  • IT MAY HAVE BEEN THAT WESTERN CHRISTIANS
  • 00:08:00.090 --> 00:08:03.060
  • BROUGHT CHRISTIANITY TO AFRICA,
  • 00:08:03.080 --> 00:08:05.070
  • BUT AFRICA IS NOW INFLUENCING THE WORLD.
  • 00:08:05.090 --> 00:08:15.250
  • SO DESTAW, HOW DID CHRISTIANITY COME TO ETHIOPIA?
  • 00:08:15.270 --> 00:08:19.130
  • - IN THE FIRST CENTURY, THE ETHIOPIAN TREASURER EUNUCH
  • 00:08:19.150 --> 00:08:21.250
  • WENT TO JERUSALEM, AND THEN UPON HIS RETURN,
  • 00:08:21.270 --> 00:08:24.250
  • HE CAME WITH CHRISTIANITY AND
  • 00:08:24.270 --> 00:08:26.050
  • IT WAS INTRODUCED TO THE PALACE.
  • 00:08:26.070 --> 00:08:28.130
  • - FIRST, OF COURSE, WE'VE GOT THE NATION OF ETHIOPIA.
  • 00:08:28.150 --> 00:08:31.070
  • SO, YOU'VE GOT AN ANCIENT CHRISTIAN CULTURE AND CHURCH
  • 00:08:31.090 --> 00:08:34.120
  • IN NORTH AFRICA THAT RATES FROM THE 300s.
  • 00:08:34.140 --> 00:08:38.290
  • IN FACT, ETHIOPIAN CHRISTIANS POINT TO THE BIBLE,
  • 00:08:39.010 --> 00:08:42.200
  • TO ETHIOPIANS IN THE BIBLE, TO SAY THAT THEY ORIGINATED
  • 00:08:42.220 --> 00:08:45.210
  • AT THE TIME OF JESUS.
  • 00:08:45.230 --> 00:08:47.100
  • BUT, WE'RE SURE THAT CHRISTIANS
  • 00:08:47.120 --> 00:08:48.240
  • WERE IN ETHIOPIA FROM THE 300S.
  • 00:08:48.260 --> 00:08:55.210
  • - BECAUSE OF A TRAVELER CALLED FRUMENTIUS.
  • 00:08:55.230 --> 00:08:58.200
  • FRUMENTIUS CAME TO THE PALACE IN AKSUM.
  • 00:08:58.220 --> 00:09:01.260
  • AKSUM WAS THE HEADQUARTER OF ETHIOPIA.
  • 00:09:01.280 --> 00:09:03.260
  • SO, HE CONVERT THE KINGS AND THEY BECAME CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:09:03.280 --> 00:09:08.040
  • SO KING EZANA WAS IN HIS POWER TO DECLARE CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:09:08.060 --> 00:09:11.180
  • AS THE STATE RELIGION OFFICIALLY.
  • 00:09:11.200 --> 00:09:13.220
  • - THE RELIGION THAT'S IN ETHIOPIA TODAY,
  • 00:09:13.240 --> 00:09:15.070
  • THAT'S DIRECT LINE FROM WHAT BEGAN THEN?
  • 00:09:15.090 --> 00:09:18.230
  • - YES, IT BEGAN MUCH EARLIER.
  • 00:09:18.250 --> 00:09:20.160
  • IT'S NOT BECAUSE OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE MISSIONARY
  • 00:09:20.180 --> 00:09:23.000
  • IN THE 18 OR THE 19TH CENTURY.
  • 00:09:23.020 --> 00:09:25.050
  • IT'S BECAUSE OF THE RELATION BETWEEN FRUMENTIUS
  • 00:09:25.070 --> 00:09:28.010
  • AND KING EZANA IN THE FIRST CENTURY THAT CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:09:28.030 --> 00:09:31.170
  • BECAME A STATE RELIGION.
  • 00:09:31.190 --> 00:09:33.050
  • - FOR THE FIRST FEW CENTURIES
  • 00:09:33.070 --> 00:09:35.200
  • OF THE COMMON ERA, CHRISTIANITY WAS VERY STRONG
  • 00:09:35.220 --> 00:09:40.190
  • ALONG WHAT WE CALL NORTH AFRICA.
  • 00:09:40.210 --> 00:09:43.080
  • IN SOME WAYS AT THE TIME, IT WAS JUST
  • 00:09:43.100 --> 00:09:44.240
  • THE SOUTH OF THE MEDITERRANEAN.
  • 00:09:44.260 --> 00:09:47.230
  • THERE WAS A STRONG CHRISTIAN CHURCH IN ALEXANDRIA,
  • 00:09:47.250 --> 00:09:52.250
  • IN CARTHAGE WE HAVE, PERHAPS, THE PREMIER EARLY THEOLOGIAN,
  • 00:09:52.270 --> 00:09:57.230
  • AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO, IN HIPPO, WHICH WAS IN NORTH AFRICA,
  • 00:09:57.250 --> 00:10:03.010
  • AS WELL AS ETHIOPIA.
  • 00:10:03.030 --> 00:10:05.020
  • - KING LALIBELA WAS A KING AND HE WAS CANONIZED BY
  • 00:10:05.040 --> 00:10:08.120
  • THE ETHIOPIAN CHURCH AS A SAINT BECAUSE
  • 00:10:08.140 --> 00:10:09.290
  • OF HIS GREAT ACHIEVEMENT.
  • 00:10:10.010 --> 00:10:12.080
  • AND LALIBELA CHURCHES ARE QUITE DIFFERENT FROM THE
  • 00:10:12.100 --> 00:10:15.250
  • ONE YOU CAN SEE AROUND AKSUM BECAUSE
  • 00:10:15.270 --> 00:10:18.100
  • THE FOUR SIDES OF THE CHURCH ARE CUT FROM TOP TO BOTTOM.
  • 00:10:18.120 --> 00:10:21.200
  • SO, THESE ARE A TYPE OF MONOLITH CHURCHES
  • 00:10:21.220 --> 00:10:23.190
  • THAT WE HAVE IN LALIBELA.
  • 00:10:23.210 --> 00:10:25.120
  • SO, THERE ARE MORE THAN 10 CHURCHES
  • 00:10:25.140 --> 00:10:26.290
  • THAT ARE CARVED OUT OF A SINGLE ROCK.
  • 00:10:27.010 --> 00:10:29.150
  • - WHEN YOU GO INSIDE, IT'S OBVIOUSLY CAVITIES,
  • 00:10:29.170 --> 00:10:32.160
  • THAT'S ALL STILL PART OF THE ROCK.
  • 00:10:32.180 --> 00:10:34.040
  • NOTHING HERE IS BUILT, OTHER THAN CARVED OUT OF THE ROCK.
  • 00:10:34.060 --> 00:10:36.050
  • - IT'S NOT BUILT UP.
  • 00:10:36.070 --> 00:10:37.090
  • EVERYTHING. EVERY PATTERN THAT YOU CAN SEE
  • 00:10:37.110 --> 00:10:39.110
  • IS MADE FROM A SINGLE ROCK.
  • 00:10:39.130 --> 00:10:40.230
  • - MANY PEOPLE SEE CHURCHES LIKE THIS
  • 00:10:40.250 --> 00:10:42.150
  • AND SEE THEM AS, LIKE, MONUMENTS.
  • 00:10:42.170 --> 00:10:43.260
  • BUT THESE ARE USED CHURCHES EVERY WEEK, AREN'T THEY?
  • 00:10:43.280 --> 00:10:46.220
  • - TO SAY THAT THESE CHURCHES ARE MADE ONLY FOR ACTIVE
  • 00:10:46.240 --> 00:10:49.240
  • WORSHIPING CENTER FOR CHRISTIANS.
  • 00:10:49.260 --> 00:10:51.130
  • BECAUSE, YOU CAN SEE, FOR INSTANCE,
  • 00:10:51.150 --> 00:10:53.060
  • THIS IS A CHURCH WITH A CROSS SHAPE FROM TOP TO BOTTOM.
  • 00:10:53.080 --> 00:10:56.260
  • SO THESE ARE ORIGINALLY MADE FOR WORSHIPING PURPOSE,
  • 00:10:56.280 --> 00:11:00.200
  • FOR CHRISTIANS.
  • 00:11:00.220 --> 00:11:04.160
  • - THE NEXT BIG MOVEMENT OF CHRISTIANS INTO AFRICA
  • 00:11:04.180 --> 00:11:07.100
  • WAS THE 1400s AND THE 1500s,
  • 00:11:07.120 --> 00:11:10.110
  • WHEN THE PORTUGUESE START EXPLORING,
  • 00:11:10.130 --> 00:11:13.160
  • SENDING OUT LITTLE SHIPS AND THEY GOT FURTHER
  • 00:11:13.180 --> 00:11:16.170
  • AND FURTHER DOWN THE COAST OF AFRICA.
  • 00:11:16.190 --> 00:11:19.120
  • WHEN THEY GOT TO CONGO, TO THE CONGO RIVER,
  • 00:11:19.140 --> 00:11:23.220
  • EACH PLACE THEY STOPPED,
  • 00:11:23.240 --> 00:11:25.120
  • THEY WOULD HAVE LIKE A REFUELING PLACE AND THEY
  • 00:11:25.140 --> 00:11:27.270
  • WOULD HAVE TO STOP FOR FOOD AND EVERYTHING.
  • 00:11:27.290 --> 00:11:30.120
  • BUT, THE CONGOLESE BECAME VERY RECEPTIVE TO CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:11:30.140 --> 00:11:35.160
  • SO, YOU'VE GOT A REALLY STRONG CONGOLESE CATHOLIC CHURCH.
  • 00:11:35.180 --> 00:11:40.070
  • - WHEN THE PORTUGUESE DEVELOPED THEIR MERCANTILE EMPIRE,
  • 00:11:40.090 --> 00:11:44.270
  • THEY STARTED VISITING POINTS ALONG THE AFRICAN COAST
  • 00:11:44.290 --> 00:11:50.010
  • AND WITH THEM CAME MISSIONARIES AND ONE OF THE LARGEST
  • 00:11:50.030 --> 00:11:56.140
  • NEW KINGDOMS, CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS IN AFRICA,
  • 00:11:56.160 --> 00:11:59.120
  • WAS IN A PLACE CALLED KONGO,
  • 00:11:59.140 --> 00:12:01.260
  • SO NOT QUITE THE SAME AS THE CONGOS WE KNOW TODAY,
  • 00:12:01.280 --> 00:12:05.140
  • BUT THAT REGION OF CONGO BRAZZAVILLE,
  • 00:12:05.160 --> 00:12:08.200
  • D.R. CONGO, AND ANGOLA; WESTERN SEABOARD.
  • 00:12:08.220 --> 00:12:13.110
  • AND, IT WAS A STRONG CHRISTIAN KINGDOM FOR
  • 00:12:13.130 --> 00:12:16.240
  • TWO OR THREE CENTURIES, BUT AGAIN, BY THE 19TH CENTURY,
  • 00:12:16.260 --> 00:12:21.010
  • IT HAD ALMOST FADED OUT OF EXISTENCE.
  • 00:12:21.030 --> 00:12:25.140
  • - THE CATHOLICS CAME IN THE 16TH CENTURY,
  • 00:12:25.160 --> 00:12:28.080
  • AND THE EVANGELICALS STARTED THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY
  • 00:12:28.100 --> 00:12:33.270
  • AND THAT IS WHEN EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANITY TOOK OFF.
  • 00:12:33.290 --> 00:12:40.030
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:12:40.050 --> 00:12:45.160
  • - THE STORY OF MARY SLESSOR IS VERY INFLUENTIAL
  • 00:12:45.180 --> 00:12:47.180
  • IN THE CHURCH IN NIGERIA AND FOR YOU.
  • 00:12:47.200 --> 00:12:49.280
  • TELL US ABOUT, WHY DID MARY SLESSOR GO TO AFRICA?
  • 00:12:50.000 --> 00:12:53.000
  • - SHE LIVED IN A TIME IN SCOTLAND
  • 00:12:53.020 --> 00:12:55.110
  • WHEN MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE WAS REALLY, REALLY PROMINENT.
  • 00:12:55.130 --> 00:12:59.080
  • PEOPLE LIKE DAVID LIVINGSTONE CAME AND TOLD THE STORIES
  • 00:12:59.100 --> 00:13:04.150
  • AND THEY PAINTED AFRICA AS THIS PLACE
  • 00:13:04.170 --> 00:13:06.160
  • THAT NEEDED SALVATION, THAT NEEDED SAVING.
  • 00:13:06.180 --> 00:13:09.220
  • - WHERE DID SHE GO IN AFRICA?
  • 00:13:09.240 --> 00:13:11.070
  • - SHE CAME TO NIGERIA.
  • 00:13:11.090 --> 00:13:12.120
  • SHE CAME TO US.
  • 00:13:12.140 --> 00:13:14.050
  • SHE HAD THIS GREAT LOVE FOR JESUS.
  • 00:13:14.070 --> 00:13:17.020
  • AND THAT WAS WHAT SHE SAID.
  • 00:13:17.040 --> 00:13:18.090
  • SHE SAID SHE WAS GOING TO AFRICA BECAUSE OF
  • 00:13:18.110 --> 00:13:19.260
  • THIS GREAT LOVE FOR JESUS,
  • 00:13:19.280 --> 00:13:21.150
  • AND SHE WANTED TO SHARE THAT LOVE.
  • 00:13:21.170 --> 00:13:23.040
  • MARY SLESSOR CAME TO NIGERIA IN 1848.
  • 00:13:23.060 --> 00:13:26.060
  • AT THAT TIME, THEY HAD BEGUN THE ABOLITION OF,
  • 00:13:26.080 --> 00:13:30.060
  • KILLING OF TWINS, BUT THEY WERE STILL PREVALENT
  • 00:13:30.080 --> 00:13:33.060
  • IN SO MANY VILLAGES.
  • 00:13:33.080 --> 00:13:34.180
  • - SO, WHY WOULD THEY KILL TWINS?
  • 00:13:34.200 --> 00:13:37.280
  • - IT WAS JUST THIS NORMALCY THING.
  • 00:13:38.000 --> 00:13:39.190
  • THEY FELT THAT A WOMAN SHOULD GIVE BIRTH TO ONE CHILD.
  • 00:13:39.210 --> 00:13:44.040
  • THEY DIDN'T UNDERSTAND HOW A WOMAN COULD
  • 00:13:44.060 --> 00:13:46.110
  • GIVE BIRTH TO TWO CHILDREN,
  • 00:13:46.130 --> 00:13:47.180
  • WHICH MEANT THAT IT WAS EVIL; SINFUL
  • 00:13:47.200 --> 00:13:50.150
  • - SO, WHAT WOULD THEY DO WITH THE TWIN?
  • 00:13:50.170 --> 00:13:51.110
  • - SO, THEY WOULD KILL THE TWINS.
  • 00:13:51.130 --> 00:13:53.030
  • - 'CAUSE THE CULTURE AT THE TIME WHERE TWINS,
  • 00:13:53.050 --> 00:13:55.030
  • SOMEBODY LIKE ME WOULD HAVE BEEN DEAD.
  • 00:13:55.050 --> 00:13:57.040
  • YOU KNOW? - YEAH.
  • 00:13:57.060 --> 00:13:58.110
  • - BECAUSE MARY SLESSOR NOW SAVED EVERY TWIN
  • 00:13:58.130 --> 00:14:00.110
  • THAT WAS BORN BECAUSE THE LOCAL CULTURE
  • 00:14:00.130 --> 00:14:03.030
  • THEREFORE WAS SAYING THAT TWINS WHO WERE BORN
  • 00:14:03.050 --> 00:14:05.020
  • WERE EVIL SPIRITS AND THEY WERE THROWN INTO THE RIVERS
  • 00:14:05.040 --> 00:14:08.040
  • OR THROWN TO THE CROCODILES.
  • 00:14:08.060 --> 00:14:09.250
  • - MARY HERSELF HAD TIMES WHERE SHE DOUBTED HER CALL,
  • 00:14:09.270 --> 00:14:13.220
  • BUT THE FACT THAT FOR MARY, SHE DIDN'T GIVE UP.
  • 00:14:13.240 --> 00:14:17.030
  • SHE DIDN'T COME BACK HOME.
  • 00:14:17.050 --> 00:14:19.200
  • SHE DIDN'T REDUCE THE INTENSITY OF HER LOVE
  • 00:14:19.220 --> 00:14:23.240
  • OF HER WORK, SHE STAYED BACK IN THE VILLAGES.
  • 00:14:23.260 --> 00:14:31.080
  • - THE STRENGTH OF THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY,
  • 00:14:31.100 --> 00:14:35.070
  • PARTICULARLY, LET ME SAY NOW, IN NIGERIA AND SIERRA LEONE,
  • 00:14:35.090 --> 00:14:38.010
  • ACROSS THIS WEST AFRICAN REGION,
  • 00:14:38.030 --> 00:14:40.000
  • WAS MAINLY FROM SAMUEL AJAYI CROWTHER.
  • 00:14:40.020 --> 00:14:44.250
  • - I THINK AJAYI CROWTHER'S STORY, AS IT GOES,
  • 00:14:44.270 --> 00:14:49.040
  • IS THAT HE WAS SOLD INTO SLAVERY.
  • 00:14:49.060 --> 00:14:51.190
  • AND THAT HAPPENED TWICE.
  • 00:14:51.210 --> 00:14:53.290
  • THE FIRST TIME, HE WAS EXCHANGED FOR A HORSE.
  • 00:14:54.010 --> 00:14:56.090
  • THE SECOND TIME HE WAS EXCHANGED FOR TOBACCO.
  • 00:14:56.110 --> 00:14:58.160
  • BUT, THE BRITISH ANTI-SLAVERY SHIP INTERCEPTED
  • 00:14:58.180 --> 00:15:02.230
  • THIS SLAVERY SHIP THAT WAS TAKING THEM AWAY
  • 00:15:02.250 --> 00:15:05.000
  • AND HE WAS RESCUED AND TAKEN TO SIERRA LEONE.
  • 00:15:05.020 --> 00:15:07.200
  • AND SO WHEN HE GOT TO SIERRA LEONE, HE STARTED LEARNING
  • 00:15:07.220 --> 00:15:11.110
  • AND STARTED READING AND PEOPLE REALIZED THAT
  • 00:15:11.130 --> 00:15:15.000
  • HE HAD APTITUDE FOR LEARNING.
  • 00:15:15.020 --> 00:15:16.160
  • HE WAS REALLY LEARNING QUITE FAST.
  • 00:15:16.180 --> 00:15:18.210
  • AND VERY QUICKLY BECAME A TEACHER AND STARTED TEACHING.
  • 00:15:18.230 --> 00:15:23.080
  • ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS GOING ON AROUND THAT TIME,
  • 00:15:23.100 --> 00:15:25.060
  • ONE OF THE IDEOLOGIES,
  • 00:15:25.080 --> 00:15:26.230
  • WAS THAT AFRICANS WERE NOT VERY INTELLIGENT.
  • 00:15:26.250 --> 00:15:30.090
  • AND SO, AJAYI CROWTHER DEFIED THE ODDS OF THAT
  • 00:15:30.110 --> 00:15:32.280
  • BECAUSE HE SHOWED APTITUDE.
  • 00:15:33.000 --> 00:15:34.210
  • AND SO THEY FELT, "OKAY, WE NEED TO TRAIN THIS GUY."
  • 00:15:34.230 --> 00:15:37.270
  • AND SO HE WAS SENT TO THE U.K. TO TRAIN AS A MINISTER.
  • 00:15:37.290 --> 00:15:42.230
  • AND THEN HE DID THAT, WENT BACK TO SIERRA LEONE,
  • 00:15:42.250 --> 00:15:44.260
  • AND STARTED SHARING THE GOSPEL.
  • 00:15:44.280 --> 00:15:46.250
  • AND SO HE BECAME ONE OF THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS
  • 00:15:46.270 --> 00:15:49.150
  • OF AFRICANS REACHING OUT TO AFRICANS.
  • 00:15:49.170 --> 00:15:52.100
  • - HE NOW STARTED TRANSLATING THE BIBLE TO YORUBA LANGUAGE
  • 00:15:52.120 --> 00:15:55.000
  • AND THEN TO IGBO LANGUAGE, AND MANY OTHER LOCAL LANGUAGES.
  • 00:15:55.020 --> 00:15:59.020
  • AND THEN, CHRISTIANITY MORE LIKE CAUGHT FIRE AT THAT MOMENT.
  • 00:15:59.040 --> 00:16:02.240
  • - AND HE BECAME AN INSPIRATION AND A BRIDGE
  • 00:16:02.260 --> 00:16:05.220
  • BETWEEN WESTERN MISSION AND AFRICAN COMMUNITIES
  • 00:16:05.240 --> 00:16:09.170
  • AND CHRISTIANITY IN THAT SENSE.
  • 00:16:09.190 --> 00:16:13.160
  • - ONE OF THE THINGS THAT PEOPLE DON'T REALIZE
  • 00:16:13.180 --> 00:16:15.100
  • IS MOST OF THE GROWTH OF THE CHURCH IN AFRICA IS
  • 00:16:15.120 --> 00:16:17.080
  • AFTER DECOLONIZATION.
  • 00:16:17.100 --> 00:16:19.090
  • SO, IT WAS MOSTLY NOT DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD.
  • 00:16:19.110 --> 00:16:21.080
  • IT STARTED THEN, BUT MOST OF THE GROWTH OF THE CHURCH
  • 00:16:21.100 --> 00:16:23.140
  • HAS BEEN QUITE RECENT, AFTER THE END OF COLONIZATION.
  • 00:16:23.160 --> 00:16:28.020
  • - I THINK THERE'S SOMETHING ELSE THAT WE ALSO
  • 00:16:28.040 --> 00:16:30.020
  • OUGHT TO REMEMBER IS THAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA LARGELY
  • 00:16:30.040 --> 00:16:34.120
  • BECAME CHRISTIAN AFTER POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE.
  • 00:16:34.140 --> 00:16:40.100
  • SO, BEFORE POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE, DURING
  • 00:16:40.120 --> 00:16:45.110
  • THERE WAS A GREAT DEAL OF INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY,
  • 00:16:45.130 --> 00:16:50.170
  • BUT IN TERMS OF THE SHEER NUMBERS,
  • 00:16:50.190 --> 00:16:53.170
  • THAT HAPPENS AFTER INDEPENDENCE.
  • 00:16:53.190 --> 00:16:57.090
  • - COLONIALISM IN AFRICA DID GIVE THE SCRIPTURES,
  • 00:16:57.110 --> 00:17:01.030
  • DID GIVE EDUCATION, ALSO GAVE A LOT OF CONTROL.
  • 00:17:01.050 --> 00:17:05.270
  • WHEN THE CONTROL WAS GONE, THEN THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
  • 00:17:05.290 --> 00:17:09.260
  • DID NOT WITHER BUT IT EXPLODED.
  • 00:17:09.280 --> 00:17:11.200
  • NOW, IT EXPLODED IN WAYS THAT, AT LEAST FROM
  • 00:17:11.220 --> 00:17:14.090
  • THE WESTERN PERSPECTIVE, LOOK WILD AND WOOLY,
  • 00:17:14.110 --> 00:17:17.100
  • BUT IN SOME SENSE, IT'S NOT THE WESTERN PERSPECTIVE
  • 00:17:17.120 --> 00:17:20.210
  • THAT MAKES ANY DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:17:20.230 --> 00:17:22.050
  • - PRAYER AND RENEWAL IS A KEY FACTOR IN THE GROWTH
  • 00:17:22.070 --> 00:17:25.090
  • OF, SORT OF AFRICAN CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:17:25.110 --> 00:17:27.250
  • AFTER THE FIRST, OR DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR,
  • 00:17:27.270 --> 00:17:31.110
  • THERE AS WORLDWIDE INFLUENZA, AN EPIDEMIC BREAKOUT.
  • 00:17:31.130 --> 00:17:36.050
  • AND SO AS THIS WAS GOING, A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE DYING,
  • 00:17:36.070 --> 00:17:38.280
  • IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF AFRICA.
  • 00:17:39.000 --> 00:17:40.200
  • THERE WAS A GROUP OF CHRISTIANS WHO STARTED
  • 00:17:40.220 --> 00:17:42.290
  • GATHERING TOGETHER TO PRAY, AROUND 1918, THERE ABOUT.
  • 00:17:43.010 --> 00:17:47.290
  • AND AS THEY STARTED TO PRAY, PEOPLE WERE GETTING HEALED,
  • 00:17:48.010 --> 00:17:50.220
  • AND AS THESE HEALING MEETINGS WERE TAKING PLACE,
  • 00:17:50.240 --> 00:17:55.010
  • THE GOSPEL STARTED SPREADING AND THESE PEOPLE CAME TOGETHER
  • 00:17:55.030 --> 00:17:57.280
  • AND FOUND THEIR OWN CHURCHES.
  • 00:17:58.000 --> 00:18:00.240
  • - THE PENTECOSTAL MOVEMENT HAD A HUGE IMPACT
  • 00:18:00.260 --> 00:18:04.100
  • IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.
  • 00:18:04.120 --> 00:18:06.000
  • SO THERE ARE MANY CHURCHES WHERE AN AWARENESS
  • 00:18:06.020 --> 00:18:10.220
  • OF THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IS VERY, VERY IMPORTANT,
  • 00:18:10.240 --> 00:18:14.100
  • WHERE THAT IS OFTEN IMMEDIATELY SEEN
  • 00:18:14.120 --> 00:18:17.070
  • THROUGH VIBRANT WORSHIP,
  • 00:18:17.090 --> 00:18:19.210
  • AND IS ALSO SEEN THROUGH A LOT OF COMMUNITY ACTION.
  • 00:18:19.230 --> 00:18:31.060
  • WE'RE IN A LITTLE VILLAGE CALLED PORTGLENONE.
  • 00:18:31.080 --> 00:18:33.220
  • IT'S IN NORTHERN IRELAND; IT'S NORTH OF BELFAST.
  • 00:18:33.240 --> 00:18:36.110
  • IN 1900, JAMES MCKEOWN WAS BORN HERE.
  • 00:18:36.130 --> 00:18:40.080
  • LATER HE MARRIED SOPHIA AND THEY LIVED HERE
  • 00:18:40.100 --> 00:18:43.000
  • FOR ALL OF THEIR EARLY MARRIED LIFE.
  • 00:18:43.020 --> 00:18:45.190
  • IN 1937, MCKEOWN FELT HE WAS CALLED OF GOD
  • 00:18:45.210 --> 00:18:49.270
  • TO GO TO THE OTHER PART OF THE WORLD TO BRING
  • 00:18:49.290 --> 00:18:53.030
  • THE MESSAGE OF JESUS TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH,
  • 00:18:53.050 --> 00:18:55.000
  • AS IT WERE.
  • 00:18:55.020 --> 00:18:56.090
  • HE WENT TO WEST AFRICA TO THE GOLD COAST,
  • 00:18:56.110 --> 00:18:59.290
  • IT WAS THEN CALLED, THEY CHANGED THEIR NAME LATER TO GHANA.
  • 00:19:00.030 --> 00:19:03.110
  • MCKEOWN LIVED THERE, WORKED THERE, MINISTERED THERE,
  • 00:19:03.130 --> 00:19:05.290
  • AND STARTED A CHURCH THERE FOR MORE THAN 40 YEARS.
  • 00:19:06.010 --> 00:19:09.210
  • IN THAT TIME, HE WAS SICK, THERE WERE CHALLENGES,
  • 00:19:09.230 --> 00:19:12.050
  • THERE WERE CHURCH SPLITS.
  • 00:19:12.070 --> 00:19:14.180
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:19:14.200 --> 00:19:19.280
  • THE CHURCH HE STARTED IN 1953 CHANGED ITS NAME
  • 00:19:20.000 --> 00:19:24.010
  • TO THE CHURCH OF PENTECOST.
  • 00:19:24.030 --> 00:19:25.290
  • HE CONTINUED TO LEAD IT UNTIL 1982 WHEN
  • 00:19:26.010 --> 00:19:29.130
  • HE HANDED IT OVER TO LOCAL LEADERSHIP.
  • 00:19:29.150 --> 00:19:32.060
  • THE CHURCH OF PENTECOST NOW HAS 20.000 CONGREGATIONS
  • 00:19:32.080 --> 00:19:37.040
  • AND 3 MILLION PEOPLE.
  • 00:19:37.060 --> 00:19:39.250
  • ALL OF THAT BECAUSE ONE GUY FROM A SMALL PART OF THE WORLD
  • 00:19:39.270 --> 00:19:44.140
  • FOLLOWED THE CALL OF JESUS TO GO TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH.
  • 00:19:44.160 --> 00:19:50.110
  • [MOTIVATIONAL MUSIC]
  • 00:19:50.130 --> 00:20:00.110
  • - APOSTLE ADDISON, WE'RE HERE IN THE HEADQUARTERS OF
  • 00:20:00.130 --> 00:20:02.100
  • THE CHURCH OF PENTECOST.
  • 00:20:02.120 --> 00:20:03.270
  • GOING BACK A LONG WAY, YOUR MOM WAS INFLUENTIAL
  • 00:20:03.290 --> 00:20:07.200
  • IN JAMES MCKEOWN'S COMING TO GHANA.
  • 00:20:07.220 --> 00:20:11.060
  • TELL US ABOUT THAT RELATIONSHIP.
  • 00:20:11.080 --> 00:20:13.130
  • - MY MOM, EUNICE ADDISON,
  • 00:20:13.150 --> 00:20:15.190
  • SOMEWHERE IN 1939 AND 40
  • 00:20:15.210 --> 00:20:20.130
  • CAME INTO CONTACT WITH PASTOR JAMES MCKEOWN.
  • 00:20:20.150 --> 00:20:23.100
  • - WERE THEY PLEASED THAT JAMES MCKEOWN
  • 00:20:23.120 --> 00:20:25.000
  • HAD COME FROM IRELAND?
  • 00:20:25.020 --> 00:20:27.070
  • - THEY SHOULD BE PLEASED, THAT'S HOW I SAW IT,
  • 00:20:27.090 --> 00:20:30.220
  • FOR THE VERY FACT THAT THE ELEVATION THAT PASTOR MCKEOWN
  • 00:20:30.240 --> 00:20:34.200
  • GAVE THEM WAS SOMETHING THAT ENTHUSED THEM,
  • 00:20:34.220 --> 00:20:38.000
  • ESPECIALLY THE ISSUE OF THE HOLY GHOST BAPTISM.
  • 00:20:38.020 --> 00:20:41.050
  • THE ANSWERS GIVEN BY PASTOR JAMES MCKEOWN ENLIGHTENED THEM
  • 00:20:41.070 --> 00:20:45.170
  • AND GAVE THEM SPIRITUAL GIFTS.
  • 00:20:45.190 --> 00:20:47.190
  • - HOW BIG WAS THE CHURCH OF PENTECOST AT THAT TIME?
  • 00:20:47.210 --> 00:20:51.020
  • - I THINK EVEN THE VERY FIRST GENERAL CONVENTION
  • 00:20:51.040 --> 00:20:54.220
  • WAS ONLY 200 PEOPLE.
  • 00:20:54.240 --> 00:20:57.060
  • IT GREW GRADUALLY AND THEN
  • 00:20:57.080 --> 00:21:00.040
  • BEFORE PASTOR MCKEOWN WAS LEAVING,
  • 00:21:00.060 --> 00:21:02.120
  • THEN WE HAD ACTUALLY ENTERED INTO ALMOST
  • 00:21:02.140 --> 00:21:05.260
  • ABOUT 100 THOUSAND AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:21:05.280 --> 00:21:10.240
  • - WHAT WAS THE CHANGE LIKE, WHEN HE STEPPED DOWN
  • 00:21:10.260 --> 00:21:13.130
  • AND THE LOCAL GHANAIAN LEADERSHIPS STEPPED UP?
  • 00:21:13.150 --> 00:21:15.270
  • - IT WAS WONDERFUL.
  • 00:21:15.290 --> 00:21:17.110
  • I WAS IN THAT MEETING WHEN THE CHANGEOVER [LAUGHS] CAME.
  • 00:21:17.130 --> 00:21:22.080
  • HE HANDED IT OVER TO ONE APOSTLE FRED SARFO,
  • 00:21:22.100 --> 00:21:26.260
  • A MAN OF WISDOM, VERY DIPLOMATIC, AND
  • 00:21:26.280 --> 00:21:34.190
  • - APOSTLE ADDISON, WHAT'S THE FUTURE VISION
  • 00:21:34.210 --> 00:21:37.000
  • FOR THE CHURCH OF PENTECOST?
  • 00:21:37.020 --> 00:21:38.050
  • WHAT DO THE CHURCH SEE FOR THE FUTURE?
  • 00:21:38.070 --> 00:21:40.230
  • - NOW THE MISSION OF THE CHURCH IS GLOBAL.
  • 00:21:40.250 --> 00:21:45.090
  • TO PUSH INTO THE MISSIONS, THAT IS THE VISION OF THE CHURCH.
  • 00:21:45.110 --> 00:21:49.200
  • - GIVE US A SENSE OF THE SIZE OF THE CHURCH NOW.
  • 00:21:49.220 --> 00:21:53.070
  • - THE CHURCH IS NOW ABOUT 2.000.700 LOCAL IN GHANA.
  • 00:21:53.090 --> 00:21:59.200
  • AND WHEN YOU ADD THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES,
  • 00:21:59.220 --> 00:22:02.100
  • WHICH WE HAVE BEEN IN,
  • 00:22:02.120 --> 00:22:03.190
  • IT IS NOW 3.2 MILLION.
  • 00:22:03.210 --> 00:22:08.240
  • - AND WHEN YOU GO OUTSIDE, WE ARE IN ABOUT 100 COUNTRIES.
  • 00:22:08.260 --> 00:22:12.130
  • 100 COUNTRIES NOW,
  • 00:22:12.150 --> 00:22:15.040
  • WITH ABOUT 3.2 MILLION PEOPLE.
  • 00:22:15.060 --> 00:22:20.090
  • SO, WE THANK GOD FOR THAT IN GHANA ALONE,
  • 00:22:20.110 --> 00:22:22.250
  • WE HAVE ABOUT 16.000 CHURCHES.
  • 00:22:22.270 --> 00:22:27.210
  • - YOU WERE AT THE FUNERAL AT PORTGLENONE WHEN HE WAS BURIED.
  • 00:22:27.230 --> 00:22:31.130
  • WHAT WAS THAT LIKE FOR YOU?
  • 00:22:31.150 --> 00:22:33.190
  • - TO ME, IT WAS AN EXPERIENCE THAT WAS VERY, VERY TOUCHING.
  • 00:22:33.210 --> 00:22:39.070
  • IN THE SENSE THAT PASTOR MCKEOWN
  • 00:22:39.090 --> 00:22:43.020
  • WAS NOT TOO MUCH KNOWN OVER THERE.
  • 00:22:43.040 --> 00:22:46.050
  • HE WAS OUR MAN DOWN HERE.
  • 00:22:46.070 --> 00:22:49.150
  • AND FOR HIM TO DIE THERE AND BE BURIED THERE,
  • 00:22:49.170 --> 00:22:53.280
  • THAT WAS THAT SOLEMN TOUCH THAT I HAD.
  • 00:22:54.000 --> 00:23:00.200
  • - THE CHURCH IN THE WEST SENT PEOPLE LIKE JAMES MCKEOWN
  • 00:23:00.220 --> 00:23:03.200
  • AND MANY OTHERS TO PLACES LIKE AFRICA.
  • 00:23:03.220 --> 00:23:06.060
  • HOW DO YOU SEE THE CHURCH IN THE WEST NOW?
  • 00:23:06.080 --> 00:23:08.250
  • - WE PEOPLE IN AFRICA THINK THAT THE CHURCH IN THE WEST
  • 00:23:08.270 --> 00:23:12.160
  • NOW IS REALLY SUFFERING, AND WE KEEP ON PRAYING THAT GOD
  • 00:23:12.180 --> 00:23:17.170
  • WOULD RAISE APOSTLES AND PROPHETS, EVANGELISTS,
  • 00:23:17.190 --> 00:23:21.060
  • WHO WILL BE ABLE TO BREAK THROUGH AND REVIVE THE CHURCH
  • 00:23:21.080 --> 00:23:25.000
  • WHERE THE CHURCH IN THE WEST NEEDS FRESH ANOINTING
  • 00:23:25.020 --> 00:23:28.180
  • FROM GOD TO SPEAK TO CONTEMPORARY SITUATIONS.
  • 00:23:28.200 --> 00:23:31.200
  • BECAUSE, FOR US, WE THINK THAT THE CHURCH
  • 00:23:31.220 --> 00:23:33.230
  • IN THE WEST IS DECLINING, AND MANY OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS
  • 00:23:33.250 --> 00:23:37.220
  • ARE TAKING OVER.
  • 00:23:37.240 --> 00:23:39.040
  • AS YOU SEE SOME OF THE CHURCH BUILDINGS BEING SOLD
  • 00:23:39.060 --> 00:23:41.290
  • BY MORE COLLEGES, BEING CLOSED DOWN, BIBLE,
  • 00:23:42.010 --> 00:23:46.180
  • CHRISTIAN BOOKSHOPS BEING CLOSED DOWN,
  • 00:23:46.200 --> 00:23:48.280
  • WE REALIZE THAT THE CHURCH IN THE WEST IS DECLINING
  • 00:23:49.000 --> 00:23:52.070
  • AND WE NEED TO PRAY SO THAT GOD WILL
  • 00:23:52.090 --> 00:23:55.260
  • SEND FRESH ANOINTING UPON OUR FRIENDS THERE.
  • 00:23:55.280 --> 00:24:01.250
  • - WHEN I LOOK THROUGH CHURCH HISTORY,
  • 00:24:01.270 --> 00:24:04.020
  • YOU SEE THE LIFE OF SOMEONE LIKE PAUL,
  • 00:24:04.040 --> 00:24:06.030
  • WHO PERSECUTED THE CHURCH, CHANGED AND BECAME
  • 00:24:06.050 --> 00:24:10.000
  • A MISSIONARY WHO WROTE HALF OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
  • 00:24:10.020 --> 00:24:13.250
  • YOU LOOK AT MARTIN LUTHER WHO,
  • 00:24:13.270 --> 00:24:17.240
  • TALK ABOUT REFORMATION, AND WITH OTHER REFORMERS IN EUROPE.
  • 00:24:17.260 --> 00:24:21.290
  • YOU LOOK AT SAMUEL AJAYI CROWTHER, MARY SLESSOR,
  • 00:24:22.010 --> 00:24:26.090
  • ALL THESE PEOPLE, ONE THING THEY HAVE IN COMMON
  • 00:24:26.110 --> 00:24:28.270
  • IS JESUS TRANSFORMING THEIR LIVES AND CHANGING THEM.
  • 00:24:28.290 --> 00:24:32.050
  • BUT, EACH INDIVIDUAL BECAME A PIONEER
  • 00:24:32.070 --> 00:24:35.060
  • THAT EFFECTED HISTORY, THAT EFFECTED A SEGMENT
  • 00:24:35.080 --> 00:24:39.000
  • OF SOCIETY THAT WE STILL TALK ABOUT TODAY,
  • 00:24:39.020 --> 00:24:41.040
  • AND STILL WRITE ABOUT.
  • 00:24:41.060 --> 00:24:42.110
  • AND SO IN THAT SENSE, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE
  • 00:24:42.130 --> 00:24:43.270
  • COMMONALITIES THAT JESUS TRANSFORMED THEIR LIVES
  • 00:24:43.290 --> 00:24:46.280
  • AND TURNED THEM FROM, EITHER AN EX-SLAVE,
  • 00:24:47.000 --> 00:24:49.150
  • SOMEONE WHO WAS BROKEN, SOMEONE WHO PEOPLE
  • 00:24:49.170 --> 00:24:52.120
  • HAD FORGOTTEN ABOUT, OR SOMEONE WHO WAS THROWN
  • 00:24:52.140 --> 00:24:54.290
  • IN THE DUST BIN, WHO LATER BECAME A PIONEER
  • 00:24:55.010 --> 00:24:57.140
  • OF PENTECOSTALISM IN NIGERIA,
  • 00:24:57.160 --> 00:24:59.220
  • ONLY JESUS CAN DO SOMETHING LIKE THAT.
  • 00:24:59.240 --> 00:25:01.180
  • AND SO HE'S THE GAME-CHANGER.
  • 00:25:01.200 --> 00:25:02.190