Part 5: Asia - The Great Wall and Beyond | TBN

Part 5: Asia - The Great Wall and Beyond

Watch Part 5: Asia - The Great Wall and Beyond
February 11, 2021
58:29

Why were the nations of Asia so resistant to the Christian message? Discover powerful stories of life and death in Part 5 of the six-part documentary series Inexplicable: How Christianity Spread to the Ends of the Earth; hosted by Golden Globe nominee Dennis Haysbert.

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Part 5: Asia - The Great Wall and Beyond

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  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:00:10.351 --> 00:00:11.086
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS HAYSBERT: AS A
  • 00:00:11.086 --> 00:00:11.786
  • - DENNIS HAYSBERT: AS ADREAM OF A CHRISTIAN
  • 00:00:11.786 --> 00:00:12.754
  • DREAM OF A CHRISTIANNATION WAS BEING SWALLOWED
  • 00:00:12.754 --> 00:00:14.055
  • NATION WAS BEING SWALLOWEDUP IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR,
  • 00:00:14.055 --> 00:00:15.757
  • UP IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR,ANOTHER STRUGGLE WAS
  • 00:00:15.757 --> 00:00:16.858
  • ANOTHER STRUGGLE WASHAPPENING ON THE FAR SIDE
  • 00:00:16.858 --> 00:00:20.161
  • HAPPENING ON THE FAR SIDEOF THE EARTH IN CHINA.
  • 00:00:20.161 --> 00:00:25.133
  • OF THE EARTH IN CHINA.[FAST CLOPPING OF HOOVES]
  • 00:00:25.133 --> 00:00:25.733
  • [FAST CLOPPING OF HOOVES]THE TAIPING REBELLION WOULD
  • 00:00:25.733 --> 00:00:27.102
  • THE TAIPING REBELLION WOULDKILL AS MANY AS
  • 00:00:27.102 --> 00:00:29.637
  • KILL AS MANY AS30 MILLION PEOPLE.
  • 00:00:29.637 --> 00:00:30.305
  • 30 MILLION PEOPLE.IT WAS A TRAGICALLY
  • 00:00:30.305 --> 00:00:31.606
  • IT WAS A TRAGICALLYMISGUIDED EFFORT TO
  • 00:00:31.606 --> 00:00:32.507
  • MISGUIDED EFFORT TOESTABLISH A HEAVENLY
  • 00:00:32.507 --> 00:00:34.242
  • ESTABLISH A HEAVENLYKINGDOM ON EARTH.
  • 00:00:34.242 --> 00:00:34.909
  • KINGDOM ON EARTH.IT WAS ALSO ONE OF THE
  • 00:00:34.909 --> 00:00:36.277
  • IT WAS ALSO ONE OF THEMANY MISSTEPS IN THE
  • 00:00:36.277 --> 00:00:37.545
  • MANY MISSTEPS IN THECENTURIES-LONG ATTEMPT TO
  • 00:00:37.545 --> 00:00:40.248
  • CENTURIES-LONG ATTEMPT TOBRING CHRISTIANITY TO ASIA,
  • 00:00:40.248 --> 00:00:40.982
  • BRING CHRISTIANITY TO ASIA,BUT FAR AWAY IN ENGLAND,
  • 00:00:40.982 --> 00:00:42.517
  • BUT FAR AWAY IN ENGLAND,A YOUNG MAN FELT AN OVERWHELMING
  • 00:00:42.517 --> 00:00:43.485
  • A YOUNG MAN FELT AN OVERWHELMINGBURDEN TO REACH THE
  • 00:00:43.485 --> 00:00:45.386
  • BURDEN TO REACH THECHINESE PEOPLE.
  • 00:00:45.386 --> 00:00:46.688
  • CHINESE PEOPLE.HIS DECISION WOULD NOT
  • 00:00:46.688 --> 00:00:48.123
  • HIS DECISION WOULD NOTONLY CHANGE HIS LIFE, BUT
  • 00:00:48.123 --> 00:00:49.691
  • ONLY CHANGE HIS LIFE, BUTIN TIME, THE LIVES OF
  • 00:00:49.691 --> 00:00:51.526
  • IN TIME, THE LIVES OFMILLIONS OF CHINESE.
  • 00:00:51.526 --> 00:00:52.927
  • MILLIONS OF CHINESE.HIS NAME WAS HUDSON TAYLOR,
  • 00:00:52.927 --> 00:00:54.529
  • HIS NAME WAS HUDSON TAYLOR,AND HIS DREAM OF
  • 00:00:54.529 --> 00:00:55.930
  • AND HIS DREAM OFTAKING THE GOSPEL TO CHINA
  • 00:00:55.930 --> 00:00:56.764
  • TAKING THE GOSPEL TO CHINAWOULD BE A TURNING POINT
  • 00:00:56.764 --> 00:01:01.002
  • WOULD BE A TURNING POINTIN THE HISTORY OF ASIA.
  • 00:01:01.002 --> 00:01:06.007
  • IN THE HISTORY OF ASIA.[MUSIC]
  • 00:01:06.007 --> 00:01:12.080
  • [MUSIC][VOCALIZING]
  • 00:01:12.080 --> 00:01:18.353
  • [VOCALIZING][MUSIC]
  • 00:01:18.353 --> 00:01:19.220
  • [MUSIC][MUSIC]
  • 00:01:19.220 --> 00:01:27.929
  • [MUSIC][VOCALIZING]
  • 00:01:27.929 --> 00:01:33.034
  • [VOCALIZING][MUSIC]
  • 00:01:33.034 --> 00:01:58.526
  • [MUSIC][VOCALIZING]
  • 00:01:58.526 --> 00:01:59.060
  • [VOCALIZING]- DENNIS HAYSBERT: THE
  • 00:01:59.060 --> 00:02:00.895
  • - DENNIS HAYSBERT: THEGREAT WALL OF CHINA SERVES
  • 00:02:00.895 --> 00:02:01.996
  • GREAT WALL OF CHINA SERVESAS A POWERFUL METAPHOR
  • 00:02:01.996 --> 00:02:03.131
  • AS A POWERFUL METAPHORWITH JUST HOW DIFFICULT
  • 00:02:03.131 --> 00:02:04.032
  • WITH JUST HOW DIFFICULTIT'S BEEN TO TAKE
  • 00:02:04.032 --> 00:02:06.134
  • IT'S BEEN TO TAKECHRISTIANITY TO ASIA.
  • 00:02:06.134 --> 00:02:07.835
  • CHRISTIANITY TO ASIA.CENTURY AFTER CENTURY,
  • 00:02:07.835 --> 00:02:09.270
  • CENTURY AFTER CENTURY,WALLS OF STONE,
  • 00:02:09.270 --> 00:02:11.206
  • WALLS OF STONE,INDIFFERENCE, AND
  • 00:02:11.206 --> 00:02:11.973
  • INDIFFERENCE, ANDISOLATION, HAVE KEPT OUT
  • 00:02:11.973 --> 00:02:15.476
  • ISOLATION, HAVE KEPT OUTJESUS'S MESSAGE OF HOPE.
  • 00:02:15.476 --> 00:02:16.878
  • JESUS'S MESSAGE OF HOPE.CHINA'S TAIPING REBELLION
  • 00:02:16.878 --> 00:02:19.280
  • CHINA'S TAIPING REBELLIONIN 1850 WAS ANOTHER WALL.
  • 00:02:19.280 --> 00:02:21.015
  • IN 1850 WAS ANOTHER WALL.IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST
  • 00:02:21.015 --> 00:02:22.183
  • IT WAS ONE OF THE MOSTDESTRUCTIVE CIVIL WARS IN
  • 00:02:22.183 --> 00:02:24.686
  • DESTRUCTIVE CIVIL WARS INHISTORY, BUT AS IT RAGED,
  • 00:02:24.686 --> 00:02:26.154
  • HISTORY, BUT AS IT RAGED,A COMMITTED YOUNG BRITISH
  • 00:02:26.154 --> 00:02:28.856
  • A COMMITTED YOUNG BRITISHMISSIONARY NAMED HUDSON TAYLOR
  • 00:02:28.856 --> 00:02:29.290
  • MISSIONARY NAMED HUDSON TAYLORWAS STEPPING OFF A
  • 00:02:29.290 --> 00:02:32.026
  • WAS STEPPING OFF ABOAT IN SHANGHAI.
  • 00:02:32.026 --> 00:02:33.061
  • BOAT IN SHANGHAI.HE HAD NO IDEA WHAT WALLS
  • 00:02:33.061 --> 00:02:35.563
  • HE HAD NO IDEA WHAT WALLSHE WOULD FACE OR WHAT LAY
  • 00:02:35.563 --> 00:02:37.198
  • HE WOULD FACE OR WHAT LAYAHEAD FOR HIM AND THE
  • 00:02:37.198 --> 00:02:38.032
  • AHEAD FOR HIM AND THEMISSIONARIES WHO WOULD
  • 00:02:38.032 --> 00:02:39.300
  • MISSIONARIES WHO WOULDFOLLOW.
  • 00:02:39.300 --> 00:02:39.801
  • FOLLOW.HE HAD WALKED INTO THE
  • 00:02:39.801 --> 00:02:40.935
  • HE HAD WALKED INTO THEHEART OF A DEVASTATING
  • 00:02:40.935 --> 00:02:43.304
  • HEART OF A DEVASTATINGREVOLUTION.
  • 00:02:43.304 --> 00:02:44.339
  • REVOLUTION.IT WAS ANOTHER INDICATION
  • 00:02:44.339 --> 00:02:45.039
  • IT WAS ANOTHER INDICATIONOF JUST HOW DIFFICULT
  • 00:02:45.039 --> 00:02:46.507
  • OF JUST HOW DIFFICULTEVANGELISM HAD BEEN SINCE
  • 00:02:46.507 --> 00:02:48.009
  • EVANGELISM HAD BEEN SINCETHE FIRST MISSIONARIES
  • 00:02:48.009 --> 00:02:50.878
  • THE FIRST MISSIONARIESMADE THEIR WAY EAST.
  • 00:02:50.878 --> 00:02:51.412
  • MADE THEIR WAY EAST.THE REMARKABLE STORY OF
  • 00:02:51.412 --> 00:02:52.814
  • THE REMARKABLE STORY OFTHOSE FIRST CHRISTIANS IN
  • 00:02:52.814 --> 00:02:53.982
  • THOSE FIRST CHRISTIANS INASIA ACTUALLY BEGINS 2.000
  • 00:02:53.982 --> 00:02:56.284
  • ASIA ACTUALLY BEGINS 2.000YEARS BEFORE HUDSON TAYLOR'S
  • 00:02:56.284 --> 00:02:57.919
  • YEARS BEFORE HUDSON TAYLOR'SARRIVAL.
  • 00:02:57.919 --> 00:02:58.453
  • ARRIVAL.IT STARTED SHORTLY AFTER
  • 00:02:58.453 --> 00:02:59.387
  • IT STARTED SHORTLY AFTERTHE DEATH AND RESURRECTION
  • 00:02:59.387 --> 00:03:02.023
  • WHILE MOST OF THE APOSTLES
  • 00:03:03.091 --> 00:03:04.125
  • WHILE MOST OF THE APOSTLESVENTURED WEST FROM
  • 00:03:04.125 --> 00:03:06.027
  • VENTURED WEST FROMJERUSALEM TOWARD EUROPE,
  • 00:03:06.027 --> 00:03:07.195
  • JERUSALEM TOWARD EUROPE,LEGEND SAYS THE APOSTLE
  • 00:03:07.195 --> 00:03:09.497
  • DON'T MISS THE IRONY.
  • 00:03:10.865 --> 00:03:12.100
  • DON'T MISS THE IRONY.THE APOSTLE WHO DOUBTED
  • 00:03:12.100 --> 00:03:13.167
  • THE APOSTLE WHO DOUBTEDJESUS THE MOST WAS THE ONE
  • 00:03:13.167 --> 00:03:14.302
  • JESUS THE MOST WAS THE ONEWHO TRAVELED THE GREATEST
  • 00:03:14.302 --> 00:03:15.336
  • WHO TRAVELED THE GREATESTDISTANCE TO PROCLAIM HIS
  • 00:03:15.336 --> 00:03:17.839
  • - MARK TAYLOR: INDIA
  • 00:03:23.811 --> 00:03:24.879
  • - MARK TAYLOR: INDIATRADED WITH THE ROMAN EMPIRE
  • 00:03:24.879 --> 00:03:29.751
  • TRADED WITH THE ROMAN EMPIRERIGHT SINCE THE BEGINNING,
  • 00:03:29.751 --> 00:03:30.418
  • RIGHT SINCE THE BEGINNING,AND SO THERE WERE TRADERS,
  • 00:03:30.418 --> 00:03:33.121
  • AND SO THERE WERE TRADERS,JEWISH TRADERS,
  • 00:03:33.121 --> 00:03:33.688
  • JEWISH TRADERS,WHO CAME IN AND SET UP
  • 00:03:33.688 --> 00:03:35.089
  • WHO CAME IN AND SET UPCOMMUNITIES IN SOUTH INDIA.
  • 00:03:35.089 --> 00:03:35.723
  • COMMUNITIES IN SOUTH INDIA.SO THOMAS WOULD'VE COME IN
  • 00:03:35.723 --> 00:03:36.724
  • SO THOMAS WOULD'VE COME INON ONE OF THOSE TRADING
  • 00:03:36.724 --> 00:03:38.993
  • ON ONE OF THOSE TRADINGSHIPS AND ESTABLISHED A
  • 00:03:38.993 --> 00:03:42.463
  • SHIPS AND ESTABLISHED ACONGREGATION THERE.
  • 00:03:42.463 --> 00:03:42.964
  • CONGREGATION THERE.- SCOTT NORLING: AND
  • 00:03:42.964 --> 00:03:43.731
  • - SCOTT NORLING: ANDTHERE IS SOLID EVIDENCE
  • 00:03:43.731 --> 00:03:44.399
  • THERE IS SOLID EVIDENCEFOR THAT.
  • 00:03:44.399 --> 00:03:47.201
  • FOR THAT.HIS BODY IS BURIED IN CHENNAI,
  • 00:03:47.201 --> 00:03:47.869
  • HIS BODY IS BURIED IN CHENNAI,AND THERE'S A WHOLE
  • 00:03:47.869 --> 00:03:49.203
  • AND THERE'S A WHOLEMEMORIAL AND WHOLE CHURCH,
  • 00:03:49.203 --> 00:03:49.837
  • MEMORIAL AND WHOLE CHURCH,IN FACT, DEDICATED TO
  • 00:03:49.837 --> 00:03:53.074
  • IN FACT, DEDICATED TOSAINT THOMAS.
  • 00:03:53.074 --> 00:03:54.575
  • SAINT THOMAS.[MUSIC]
  • 00:03:54.575 --> 00:03:55.176
  • [MUSIC]- SEBASTIAN KIM, PHD: THE
  • 00:03:55.176 --> 00:03:56.044
  • - SEBASTIAN KIM, PHD: THETRADITION WAS KNOWN AS
  • 00:03:56.044 --> 00:03:58.313
  • TRADITION WAS KNOWN ASMAR THOMA, SAINT THOMAS.
  • 00:03:58.313 --> 00:04:00.615
  • MAR THOMA, SAINT THOMAS.MAR THOMA CHRISTIANS
  • 00:04:00.615 --> 00:04:01.149
  • MAR THOMA CHRISTIANSBELIEVED THAT THAT WAS THE
  • 00:04:01.149 --> 00:04:02.650
  • BELIEVED THAT THAT WAS THEORIGIN OF THEIR RELIGIOUS
  • 00:04:02.650 --> 00:04:03.685
  • ORIGIN OF THEIR RELIGIOUSTRADITIONS, SO THAT'S--
  • 00:04:03.685 --> 00:04:04.752
  • TRADITIONS, SO THAT'S--WE ARE TALKING ABOUT THE
  • 00:04:04.752 --> 00:04:05.553
  • WE ARE TALKING ABOUT THETHIRD CENTURY OR FOURTH
  • 00:04:05.553 --> 00:04:08.723
  • THIRD CENTURY OR FOURTHCENTURY.
  • 00:04:08.723 --> 00:04:09.924
  • CENTURY.THAT'S THE KIND OF
  • 00:04:09.924 --> 00:04:11.859
  • THAT'S THE KIND OFEARLIEST TRADITION OF
  • 00:04:11.859 --> 00:04:14.028
  • EARLIEST TRADITION OFINDIA CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:04:14.028 --> 00:04:15.363
  • INDIA CHRISTIANITY.- SCOTT: IT WASN'T TILL
  • 00:04:15.363 --> 00:04:15.897
  • - SCOTT: IT WASN'T TILLTHE FOURTH CENTURY WHERE
  • 00:04:15.897 --> 00:04:16.731
  • THE FOURTH CENTURY WHEREWE REALLY SAW THE CHURCH
  • 00:04:16.731 --> 00:04:18.700
  • WE REALLY SAW THE CHURCHEMERGE, BOTH AMONGST THE
  • 00:04:18.700 --> 00:04:19.600
  • EMERGE, BOTH AMONGST THECOROMANDEL AND MALABAR
  • 00:04:19.600 --> 00:04:20.568
  • COROMANDEL AND MALABARCOAST, WHAT YOU COULD
  • 00:04:20.568 --> 00:04:21.502
  • COAST, WHAT YOU COULDREALLY CALL A BIG REVIVAL.
  • 00:04:21.502 --> 00:04:23.204
  • REALLY CALL A BIG REVIVAL.THAT WOULD BE CERTAINLY
  • 00:04:23.204 --> 00:04:24.806
  • THAT WOULD BE CERTAINLYCONSIDERED THE FIRST
  • 00:04:24.806 --> 00:04:26.374
  • CONSIDERED THE FIRSTREVIVAL IN INDIA--
  • 00:04:26.374 --> 00:04:27.942
  • REVIVAL IN INDIA--WOULD BE AROUND THE FOURTH
  • 00:04:27.942 --> 00:04:28.509
  • WOULD BE AROUND THE FOURTHCENTURY WHERE THEY WERE
  • 00:04:28.509 --> 00:04:29.510
  • CENTURY WHERE THEY WEREBAPTIZING 20.000 PEOPLE A
  • 00:04:29.510 --> 00:04:30.578
  • BAPTIZING 20.000 PEOPLE AMONTH AMONGST THOSE TWO
  • 00:04:30.578 --> 00:04:33.481
  • MONTH AMONGST THOSE TWOCOASTLINES.
  • 00:04:33.481 --> 00:04:34.816
  • COASTLINES.AND SO THE CHURCH WAS
  • 00:04:34.816 --> 00:04:35.616
  • AND SO THE CHURCH WASACTUALLY THRIVING IN THE
  • 00:04:35.616 --> 00:04:36.651
  • ACTUALLY THRIVING IN THESOUTH OF INDIA FROM THE
  • 00:04:36.651 --> 00:04:41.022
  • SOUTH OF INDIA FROM THEFOURTH CENTURY.
  • 00:04:41.022 --> 00:04:41.556
  • FOURTH CENTURY.- DENNIS: ONE OF THE
  • 00:04:41.556 --> 00:04:42.056
  • - DENNIS: ONE OF THEGREAT DEBATES WITHIN THE
  • 00:04:42.056 --> 00:04:43.558
  • GREAT DEBATES WITHIN THEEARLY CHURCH CENTERED ON
  • 00:04:43.558 --> 00:04:44.726
  • EARLY CHURCH CENTERED ONTHE NATURE OF GOD.
  • 00:04:44.726 --> 00:04:46.728
  • NESTORIUS WAS THE
  • 00:04:48.262 --> 00:04:49.163
  • NESTORIUS WAS THEARCHBISHOP OF
  • 00:04:49.163 --> 00:04:50.431
  • ARCHBISHOP OFCONSTANTINOPLE UNTIL HE
  • 00:04:50.431 --> 00:04:52.233
  • CONSTANTINOPLE UNTIL HEWAS ACCUSED OF HERESY, BUT
  • 00:04:52.233 --> 00:04:54.469
  • WAS ACCUSED OF HERESY, BUTWHILE CONDEMNED BY THE
  • 00:04:54.469 --> 00:04:55.036
  • WHILE CONDEMNED BY THECOUNCIL OF EPHESUS, HE WAS
  • 00:04:55.036 --> 00:04:56.137
  • COUNCIL OF EPHESUS, HE WASWELCOMED BY THE ORTHODOX
  • 00:04:56.137 --> 00:04:59.374
  • HIS FOLLOWERS WERE CALLED
  • 00:05:00.375 --> 00:05:01.275
  • HIS FOLLOWERS WERE CALLEDNESTORIANS, AND THEY WERE
  • 00:05:01.275 --> 00:05:01.776
  • NESTORIANS, AND THEY WEREPASSIONATE ABOUT
  • 00:05:01.776 --> 00:05:03.544
  • PASSIONATE ABOUTEVANGELISM.
  • 00:05:03.544 --> 00:05:04.078
  • EVANGELISM.THEY TRAVELED SO FAR SO
  • 00:05:04.078 --> 00:05:05.980
  • THEY TRAVELED SO FAR SOFAST THAT NESTORIANS WERE
  • 00:05:05.980 --> 00:05:06.948
  • FAST THAT NESTORIANS WEREEVENTUALLY CALLED THE
  • 00:05:06.948 --> 00:05:09.784
  • EVENTUALLY CALLED THECHURCH OF THE EAST.
  • 00:05:09.784 --> 00:05:11.018
  • CHURCH OF THE EAST.[MUSIC]
  • 00:05:11.018 --> 00:05:12.086
  • [MUSIC]- FATHER PAUL MARIANI,
  • 00:05:12.086 --> 00:05:13.354
  • - FATHER PAUL MARIANI,S.J.: THOSE EARLY
  • 00:05:13.354 --> 00:05:14.055
  • S.J.: THOSE EARLYCENTURIES OF CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:05:14.055 --> 00:05:15.456
  • CENTURIES OF CHRISTIANITYWERE A TIME ALSO OF WHAT
  • 00:05:15.456 --> 00:05:16.023
  • WERE A TIME ALSO OF WHATTHEY CALL THE
  • 00:05:16.023 --> 00:05:16.758
  • THEY CALL THECHRISTOLOGICAL DEBATES,
  • 00:05:16.758 --> 00:05:17.859
  • CHRISTOLOGICAL DEBATES,RIGHT?
  • 00:05:17.859 --> 00:05:19.694
  • RIGHT?WHO IS JESUS?
  • 00:05:19.694 --> 00:05:20.862
  • WHO IS JESUS?WE COME TO BELIEVE FULLY
  • 00:05:20.862 --> 00:05:23.364
  • WE COME TO BELIEVE FULLYGOD, FULLY MAN,
  • 00:05:23.364 --> 00:05:23.898
  • GOD, FULLY MAN,BUT THEN OTHERS KIND OF
  • 00:05:23.898 --> 00:05:24.832
  • BUT THEN OTHERS KIND OFPUT THE ACCENT MORE ON
  • 00:05:24.832 --> 00:05:25.266
  • PUT THE ACCENT MORE ONGOD; OTHERS, ON MAN.
  • 00:05:25.266 --> 00:05:26.634
  • GOD; OTHERS, ON MAN.WELL, THEN, IS HE
  • 00:05:26.634 --> 00:05:28.736
  • WELL, THEN, IS HEHALF-GOD, HALF-MAN?
  • 00:05:28.736 --> 00:05:29.670
  • HALF-GOD, HALF-MAN?ALL THOSE CONTROVERSIES,
  • 00:05:29.670 --> 00:05:30.605
  • ALL THOSE CONTROVERSIES,SO THEN HISTORIANS CAME
  • 00:05:30.605 --> 00:05:32.240
  • SO THEN HISTORIANS CAMEDOWN ON ONE SIDE OF THE
  • 00:05:32.240 --> 00:05:33.541
  • DOWN ON ONE SIDE OF THEDEBATE, AND SO THEY WERE
  • 00:05:33.541 --> 00:05:34.375
  • DEBATE, AND SO THEY WERELABELED LATER ON BY
  • 00:05:34.375 --> 00:05:36.778
  • LABELED LATER ON BYWESTERN CHRISTIANS AS
  • 00:05:36.778 --> 00:05:38.379
  • WESTERN CHRISTIANS ASHERETICS.
  • 00:05:38.379 --> 00:05:39.213
  • HERETICS.- SCOTT W. SUNQUIST, PHD:
  • 00:05:39.213 --> 00:05:39.847
  • - SCOTT W. SUNQUIST, PHD:THEY BROUGHT WITH THEIR FAITH
  • 00:05:39.847 --> 00:05:40.615
  • THEY BROUGHT WITH THEIR FAITHTHEIR ZOROASTRIAN
  • 00:05:40.615 --> 00:05:41.883
  • THEIR ZOROASTRIANBACKGROUND WHICH WAS VERY
  • 00:05:41.883 --> 00:05:43.885
  • BUT THEY ALSO HAD, WITHIN
  • 00:05:45.353 --> 00:05:46.754
  • BUT THEY ALSO HAD, WITHINTHEIR THEOLOGY, A
  • 00:05:46.754 --> 00:05:47.622
  • THEIR THEOLOGY, AMYTHOLOGY THAT THERE WOULD
  • 00:05:47.622 --> 00:05:48.523
  • MYTHOLOGY THAT THERE WOULDBE A SAVIOR FIGURE WHO
  • 00:05:48.523 --> 00:05:50.658
  • BE A SAVIOR FIGURE WHOWOULD BE BORN MIRACULOUSLY
  • 00:05:50.658 --> 00:05:51.159
  • WOULD BE BORN MIRACULOUSLYAND WOULD BRING ABOUT
  • 00:05:51.159 --> 00:05:52.093
  • AND WOULD BRING ABOUTSALVATION FOR ALL OF
  • 00:05:52.093 --> 00:05:53.394
  • THEY WERE VERY STRONG ON
  • 00:05:54.495 --> 00:05:56.397
  • THEY WERE VERY STRONG ONCREATION, AND THEY
  • 00:05:56.397 --> 00:05:58.566
  • CREATION, AND THEYBELIEVED THAT THIS FIGURE
  • 00:05:58.566 --> 00:05:59.400
  • BELIEVED THAT THIS FIGURECALLED A SAOSHYANT FIGURE,
  • 00:05:59.400 --> 00:06:00.768
  • CALLED A SAOSHYANT FIGURE,WHEN HE WAS BORN, HE WOULD
  • 00:06:00.768 --> 00:06:02.837
  • WHEN HE WAS BORN, HE WOULDBRING ABOUT SALVATION OF
  • 00:06:02.837 --> 00:06:04.372
  • BRING ABOUT SALVATION OFTHE WORLD.
  • 00:06:04.372 --> 00:06:04.906
  • THE WORLD.AND SO, FOR CHRISTIANS,
  • 00:06:04.906 --> 00:06:05.406
  • AND SO, FOR CHRISTIANS,THEY SAID, "HE'S COME.
  • 00:06:05.406 --> 00:06:06.073
  • THEY SAID, "HE'S COME.HIS NAME IS JESUS, THE MESSIAH."
  • 00:06:06.073 --> 00:06:06.808
  • HIS NAME IS JESUS, THE MESSIAH."AND SO CONVERSION RATE WAS
  • 00:06:06.808 --> 00:06:08.209
  • AND SO CONVERSION RATE WASVERY RAPID,
  • 00:06:08.209 --> 00:06:11.679
  • VERY RAPID,AND CHRISTIANITY GREW MUCH
  • 00:06:11.679 --> 00:06:12.213
  • AND CHRISTIANITY GREW MUCHMORE RAPIDLY IN
  • 00:06:12.213 --> 00:06:13.714
  • MORE RAPIDLY INASIA THAN IT DID IN
  • 00:06:13.714 --> 00:06:14.515
  • ASIA THAN IT DID INEUROPE, BUT IT WAS A VERY
  • 00:06:14.515 --> 00:06:15.783
  • EUROPE, BUT IT WAS A VERYSTRICT, SORT OF, MONASTIC
  • 00:06:15.783 --> 00:06:16.617
  • STRICT, SORT OF, MONASTICFORM OF CHRISTIANITY, AND
  • 00:06:16.617 --> 00:06:17.652
  • FORM OF CHRISTIANITY, ANDTHEY WERE LITERALLY
  • 00:06:17.652 --> 00:06:18.653
  • THEY WERE LITERALLYWANDERING MONKS, WANDERING
  • 00:06:18.653 --> 00:06:19.220
  • WANDERING MONKS, WANDERINGACROSS THE ROOFTOP OF
  • 00:06:19.220 --> 00:06:22.824
  • ACROSS THE ROOFTOP OFASIA--
  • 00:06:22.824 --> 00:06:23.357
  • ASIA--- MALE: -- UP INTO THE
  • 00:06:23.357 --> 00:06:25.226
  • - MALE: -- UP INTO THEFORBIDDING LANDSCAPES
  • 00:06:25.226 --> 00:06:26.761
  • FORBIDDING LANDSCAPESTHROUGH THESE MOUNTAIN
  • 00:06:26.761 --> 00:06:27.562
  • THROUGH THESE MOUNTAINPASSES INTO CENTRAL ASIA
  • 00:06:27.562 --> 00:06:29.230
  • PASSES INTO CENTRAL ASIAAND THEN OVER THE SILK
  • 00:06:29.230 --> 00:06:30.731
  • AND THEN OVER THE SILKROAD INTO WHAT IS TODAY
  • 00:06:30.731 --> 00:06:34.769
  • ROAD INTO WHAT IS TODAYCHINA.
  • 00:06:34.769 --> 00:06:35.336
  • CHINA.- MALE: ASIANS CONVERTING
  • 00:06:35.336 --> 00:06:37.205
  • - MALE: ASIANS CONVERTINGASIANS, GOING FROM WEST TO
  • 00:06:37.205 --> 00:06:38.539
  • ASIANS, GOING FROM WEST TOEAST, THAT WAS THE FIRST
  • 00:06:38.539 --> 00:06:39.807
  • EAST, THAT WAS THE FIRSTWAVE OF CHRISTIANITY GOING
  • 00:06:39.807 --> 00:06:40.708
  • WAVE OF CHRISTIANITY GOINGACROSS.
  • 00:06:40.708 --> 00:06:42.577
  • ACROSS.- DENNIS: JUST AS THE
  • 00:06:42.577 --> 00:06:43.611
  • - DENNIS: JUST AS THESYSTEM OF ROMAN ROADS
  • 00:06:43.611 --> 00:06:44.679
  • SYSTEM OF ROMAN ROADSHELPED THE EARLY
  • 00:06:44.679 --> 00:06:46.547
  • HELPED THE EARLYCHRISTIANS TRAVEL
  • 00:06:46.547 --> 00:06:47.949
  • CHRISTIANS TRAVELTHROUGHOUT EUROPE, IT WAS
  • 00:06:47.949 --> 00:06:48.616
  • THROUGHOUT EUROPE, IT WASTHE SILK ROAD THAT OPENED
  • 00:06:48.616 --> 00:06:49.450
  • THE SILK ROAD THAT OPENEDTHE DOOR TO CHINA AND
  • 00:06:49.450 --> 00:06:51.552
  • THE DOOR TO CHINA ANDBEYOND.
  • 00:06:51.552 --> 00:06:56.290
  • - MALE: THE FIRST
  • 00:06:58.192 --> 00:06:58.860
  • - MALE: THE FIRSTDOCUMENTED INFORMATION
  • 00:06:58.860 --> 00:07:00.094
  • DOCUMENTED INFORMATIONTHAT WE HAVE ABOUT THE
  • 00:07:00.094 --> 00:07:01.095
  • THAT WE HAVE ABOUT THECHURCH GOING INTO CHINA
  • 00:07:01.095 --> 00:07:05.466
  • CHURCH GOING INTO CHINAWAS THIS NESTORIAN STELE,
  • 00:07:05.466 --> 00:07:06.000
  • WAS THIS NESTORIAN STELE,WHICH IS A MONOLITH NEAR
  • 00:07:06.000 --> 00:07:11.405
  • WHICH IS A MONOLITH NEARTHE CITY OF XI'AN FROM 781 A.D.,
  • 00:07:11.405 --> 00:07:12.306
  • THE CITY OF XI'AN FROM 781 A.D.,BUT IT TRACES THE HISTORY
  • 00:07:12.306 --> 00:07:13.875
  • BUT IT TRACES THE HISTORYBACK TO ABOUT 635.
  • 00:07:13.875 --> 00:07:15.910
  • - SCOTT W: ONE OF THE
  • 00:07:17.445 --> 00:07:17.912
  • - SCOTT W: ONE OF THETHEMES IN ASIAN
  • 00:07:17.912 --> 00:07:18.980
  • THEMES IN ASIANCHRISTIANITY IS, WHEN
  • 00:07:18.980 --> 00:07:19.447
  • CHRISTIANITY IS, WHENTHERE'S A CHANGE IN
  • 00:07:19.447 --> 00:07:20.414
  • THERE'S A CHANGE INDYNASTY OR RULE OR
  • 00:07:20.414 --> 00:07:21.449
  • DYNASTY OR RULE ORCOLONIAL POWER,
  • 00:07:21.449 --> 00:07:24.085
  • COLONIAL POWER,CHRISTIANITY CHANGES.
  • 00:07:24.085 --> 00:07:26.053
  • CHRISTIANITY CHANGES.IT OFTEN IS JUST CRUSHED
  • 00:07:26.053 --> 00:07:27.722
  • IT OFTEN IS JUST CRUSHEDBY A NEW RULING GROUP.
  • 00:07:27.722 --> 00:07:29.423
  • BY A NEW RULING GROUP.SO WHAT HAPPENED IN WEST
  • 00:07:29.423 --> 00:07:30.424
  • SO WHAT HAPPENED IN WESTASIA WAS THE RISE OF
  • 00:07:30.424 --> 00:07:32.126
  • ASIA WAS THE RISE OFISLAM, AND THE EARLY
  • 00:07:32.126 --> 00:07:33.160
  • ISLAM, AND THE EARLYMUSLIM RULERS ACTUALLY
  • 00:07:33.160 --> 00:07:34.962
  • MUSLIM RULERS ACTUALLYLOOKED FAVORABLY UPON THE
  • 00:07:34.962 --> 00:07:37.865
  • LOOKED FAVORABLY UPON THECHRISTIANS.
  • 00:07:37.865 --> 00:07:38.766
  • CHRISTIANS.CHRISTIANS ENDED UP BEING
  • 00:07:38.766 --> 00:07:39.700
  • CHRISTIANS ENDED UP BEINGTHE PEOPLE THAT WOULD RUN
  • 00:07:39.700 --> 00:07:40.601
  • THE PEOPLE THAT WOULD RUNTHE PRISONS.
  • 00:07:40.601 --> 00:07:41.435
  • THE PRISONS.THEY'D BE THE ACCOUNTANTS
  • 00:07:41.435 --> 00:07:42.503
  • THEY'D BE THE ACCOUNTANTSLOOKING AFTER FINANCES.
  • 00:07:42.503 --> 00:07:43.871
  • LOOKING AFTER FINANCES.THEY WOULD HELP CONNECT
  • 00:07:43.871 --> 00:07:45.072
  • THEY WOULD HELP CONNECTWITH THE ZOROASTRIAN
  • 00:07:45.072 --> 00:07:45.840
  • WITH THE ZOROASTRIANLEADERS, THE PERSIAN
  • 00:07:45.840 --> 00:07:46.807
  • LEADERS, THE PERSIANLEADERS, BUT VERY QUICKLY
  • 00:07:46.807 --> 00:07:48.509
  • LEADERS, BUT VERY QUICKLYTHERE WERE RESTRICTIONS
  • 00:07:48.509 --> 00:07:50.077
  • THERE WERE RESTRICTIONSPUT ON THE CHRISTIANS OF
  • 00:07:50.077 --> 00:07:50.711
  • PUT ON THE CHRISTIANS OFHOW THEY COULD LIVE IN THE
  • 00:07:50.711 --> 00:07:52.513
  • HOW THEY COULD LIVE IN THEEMPIRE, AND, AS A RESULT,
  • 00:07:52.513 --> 00:07:54.916
  • EMPIRE, AND, AS A RESULT,THE FAITH SLOWLY BECAME
  • 00:07:54.916 --> 00:07:56.017
  • THE FAITH SLOWLY BECAMESTRANGLED BY THE ARAB
  • 00:07:56.017 --> 00:07:58.753
  • STRANGLED BY THE ARABRULERS IN THAT AREA OF THE
  • 00:07:58.753 --> 00:08:00.555
  • RULERS IN THAT AREA OF THEWORLD.
  • 00:08:00.555 --> 00:08:01.589
  • WORLD.AND SO, AS A RESULT, AS
  • 00:08:01.589 --> 00:08:02.323
  • AND SO, AS A RESULT, ASCHRISTIANITY HAD SPREAD TO
  • 00:08:02.323 --> 00:08:03.724
  • CHRISTIANITY HAD SPREAD TOCHINA, IT BECAME ISOLATED,
  • 00:08:03.724 --> 00:08:05.026
  • CHINA, IT BECAME ISOLATED,AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT
  • 00:08:05.026 --> 00:08:05.760
  • AND ONE OF THE THINGS THATWE FIND OUT ABOUT
  • 00:08:05.760 --> 00:08:08.729
  • WE FIND OUT ABOUTCHRISTIANITY IS, WHEN IT
  • 00:08:08.729 --> 00:08:10.064
  • CHRISTIANITY IS, WHEN ITIS ISOLATED, WHEN IT IS
  • 00:08:10.064 --> 00:08:10.531
  • IS ISOLATED, WHEN IT ISTOTALLY PAROCHIAL, IT
  • 00:08:10.531 --> 00:08:12.600
  • TOTALLY PAROCHIAL, ITSLOWLY BEGINS TO ATROPHY.
  • 00:08:12.600 --> 00:08:13.734
  • SLOWLY BEGINS TO ATROPHY.IT WAS CUT OFF BOTH FROM
  • 00:08:13.734 --> 00:08:14.635
  • IT WAS CUT OFF BOTH FROMTHE FAR WEST, EUROPE, BUT
  • 00:08:14.635 --> 00:08:15.570
  • THE FAR WEST, EUROPE, BUTALSO WAS CUT OFF FROM THE
  • 00:08:15.570 --> 00:08:17.238
  • ALSO WAS CUT OFF FROM THEEAST, AND, AS A RESULT,
  • 00:08:17.238 --> 00:08:19.373
  • EAST, AND, AS A RESULT,THE CHRISTIANITY THAT HAD
  • 00:08:19.373 --> 00:08:20.541
  • THE CHRISTIANITY THAT HADSPREAD IN CHINA BEGAN TO
  • 00:08:20.541 --> 00:08:22.910
  • SPREAD IN CHINA BEGAN TODECLINE.
  • 00:08:22.910 --> 00:08:23.678
  • DECLINE.- MALE: WHILE THAT WAS
  • 00:08:23.678 --> 00:08:24.912
  • - MALE: WHILE THAT WASCOLLAPSING, THEY WERE
  • 00:08:24.912 --> 00:08:26.080
  • COLLAPSING, THEY WEREPUSHING UP FURTHER INTO
  • 00:08:26.080 --> 00:08:28.549
  • PUSHING UP FURTHER INTOMONGOLIA, AND SO SOME OF
  • 00:08:28.549 --> 00:08:29.717
  • MONGOLIA, AND SO SOME OFTHE TRIBES UP THERE HAD
  • 00:08:29.717 --> 00:08:31.152
  • THE TRIBES UP THERE HADCONVERTED TO THIS CHURCH
  • 00:08:31.152 --> 00:08:33.054
  • CONVERTED TO THIS CHURCHOF THE EAST, THE NESTORIAN
  • 00:08:33.054 --> 00:08:35.957
  • OF THE EAST, THE NESTORIANCHURCHES, AND ALL THE WAY
  • 00:08:35.957 --> 00:08:36.390
  • CHURCHES, AND ALL THE WAYTO THE POINT WHERE
  • 00:08:36.390 --> 00:08:37.491
  • TO THE POINT WHEREGENGHIS KHAN'S FAMILY
  • 00:08:37.491 --> 00:08:38.059
  • GENGHIS KHAN'S FAMILYINTERMARRIED WITH
  • 00:08:38.059 --> 00:08:40.394
  • INTERMARRIED WITHCHRISTIAN TRIBES.
  • 00:08:40.394 --> 00:08:48.703
  • CHRISTIAN TRIBES.[MUSIC]
  • 00:08:48.703 --> 00:08:49.170
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS: BY THE 13TH
  • 00:08:49.170 --> 00:08:50.504
  • - DENNIS: BY THE 13THCENTURY, THE MONGOL EMPIRE
  • 00:08:50.504 --> 00:08:51.205
  • CENTURY, THE MONGOL EMPIREWAS THE LARGEST EMPIRE IN
  • 00:08:51.205 --> 00:08:53.107
  • WAS THE LARGEST EMPIRE INTHE WORLD.
  • 00:08:53.107 --> 00:08:53.874
  • THE WORLD.IT STRETCHED FROM CENTRAL
  • 00:08:53.874 --> 00:08:55.543
  • IT STRETCHED FROM CENTRALEUROPE TO THE SEA OF JAPAN
  • 00:08:55.543 --> 00:08:57.778
  • EUROPE TO THE SEA OF JAPANAND FROM SIBERIA TO INDIA,
  • 00:08:57.778 --> 00:08:58.879
  • AND FROM SIBERIA TO INDIA,AND IT WAS RULED BY ITS
  • 00:08:58.879 --> 00:08:59.880
  • AND IT WAS RULED BY ITSGREATEST WARRIOR,
  • 00:08:59.880 --> 00:09:01.749
  • GREATEST WARRIOR,GENGHIS KHAN.
  • 00:09:01.749 --> 00:09:04.852
  • GENGHIS KHAN.[GONG]
  • 00:09:04.852 --> 00:09:07.321
  • [GONG][MUSIC]
  • 00:09:07.321 --> 00:09:08.356
  • [MUSIC]- BAYARJARGAL GARAMTSEREN, PHD:
  • 00:09:08.356 --> 00:09:09.223
  • - BAYARJARGAL GARAMTSEREN, PHD:WHAT'S CALLED THE CHURCH OF
  • 00:09:09.223 --> 00:09:09.824
  • WHAT'S CALLED THE CHURCH OFTHE EAST WAS THE INSTRUMENT
  • 00:09:09.824 --> 00:09:10.625
  • THE EAST WAS THE INSTRUMENTOR THE CHANNEL THAT SPREAD
  • 00:09:10.625 --> 00:09:11.559
  • OR THE CHANNEL THAT SPREADTHE GOSPEL INTO MUCH OF
  • 00:09:11.559 --> 00:09:16.263
  • THE GOSPEL INTO MUCH OFASIA TODAY,
  • 00:09:16.263 --> 00:09:18.933
  • ASIA TODAY,AND THAT IS THE RESULT OF
  • 00:09:18.933 --> 00:09:20.468
  • AND THAT IS THE RESULT OFTHEIR ENDEAVOR INTO THE
  • 00:09:20.468 --> 00:09:21.736
  • THEIR ENDEAVOR INTO THEEAST THROUGH THE SILK ROAD
  • 00:09:21.736 --> 00:09:23.037
  • EAST THROUGH THE SILK ROADFOR TRAINING AND FOR
  • 00:09:23.037 --> 00:09:25.873
  • FOR TRAINING AND FORRELIGIOUS PURPOSES.
  • 00:09:25.873 --> 00:09:26.607
  • RELIGIOUS PURPOSES.MANY PEOPLE CAME TO WHAT'S
  • 00:09:26.607 --> 00:09:27.675
  • MANY PEOPLE CAME TO WHAT'STODAY'S CENTRAL ASIA,
  • 00:09:27.675 --> 00:09:31.846
  • TODAY'S CENTRAL ASIA,INCLUDING MONGOLIA,
  • 00:09:31.846 --> 00:09:32.446
  • INCLUDING MONGOLIA,AND THEY WOULD USUALLY
  • 00:09:32.446 --> 00:09:34.749
  • AND THEY WOULD USUALLYGO INTO TOWN.
  • 00:09:34.749 --> 00:09:35.316
  • GO INTO TOWN.THEY WOULD START A CHURCH,
  • 00:09:35.316 --> 00:09:36.417
  • THEY WOULD START A CHURCH,ESTABLISHED A CONGREGATION,
  • 00:09:36.417 --> 00:09:37.652
  • ESTABLISHED A CONGREGATION,AND THEN THEY WOULD SHARE
  • 00:09:37.652 --> 00:09:40.688
  • AND THEN THEY WOULD SHARETHE GOSPEL.
  • 00:09:40.688 --> 00:09:41.255
  • THE GOSPEL.WITH THEM, CHRISTIAN
  • 00:09:41.255 --> 00:09:42.156
  • WITH THEM, CHRISTIANCULTURE CAME IN,
  • 00:09:42.156 --> 00:09:43.324
  • CULTURE CAME IN,INCLUDING, LIKE, SCRIPT,
  • 00:09:43.324 --> 00:09:45.726
  • INCLUDING, LIKE, SCRIPT,MONGOLIAN SCRIPT, WHICH IS
  • 00:09:45.726 --> 00:09:46.927
  • MONGOLIAN SCRIPT, WHICH ISTHE TRADITIONAL VERTICAL
  • 00:09:46.927 --> 00:09:48.262
  • THE TRADITIONAL VERTICALSCRIPT WRITTEN FROM TOP TO
  • 00:09:48.262 --> 00:09:51.899
  • SCRIPT WRITTEN FROM TOP TOBOTTOM, LEFT TO RIGHT,
  • 00:09:51.899 --> 00:09:54.602
  • BOTTOM, LEFT TO RIGHT,ORIGINATES BACK TO THE
  • 00:09:54.602 --> 00:09:55.569
  • ORIGINATES BACK TO THESYRIAC SCRIPT BECAUSE
  • 00:09:55.569 --> 00:09:59.040
  • SYRIAC SCRIPT BECAUSECHURCH OF THE EAST
  • 00:09:59.040 --> 00:09:59.640
  • CHURCH OF THE EASTBELIEVERS TRAVELED TO THE
  • 00:09:59.640 --> 00:10:00.708
  • BELIEVERS TRAVELED TO THEEAST, AND THIS SCRIPT WAS
  • 00:10:00.708 --> 00:10:03.878
  • EAST, AND THIS SCRIPT WASADOPTED ALONG THE ROAD BY
  • 00:10:03.878 --> 00:10:04.912
  • ADOPTED ALONG THE ROAD BYTHE SOGDIANS AND UYGHURS
  • 00:10:04.912 --> 00:10:05.379
  • THE SOGDIANS AND UYGHURSAND, FINALLY,
  • 00:10:05.379 --> 00:10:07.214
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:10:08.916 --> 00:10:09.517
  • [MUSIC]- BAYARJARGAL: GENGHIS KHAN
  • 00:10:09.517 --> 00:10:10.351
  • - BAYARJARGAL: GENGHIS KHANHAD A VERY TOLERANT POLICY
  • 00:10:10.351 --> 00:10:13.320
  • HE TOLERATED ALL
  • 00:10:14.755 --> 00:10:16.524
  • HE TOLERATED ALLRELIGIONS, SO HE ALLOWED
  • 00:10:16.524 --> 00:10:18.025
  • RELIGIONS, SO HE ALLOWEDTHEM TO HAVE THEIR
  • 00:10:18.025 --> 00:10:21.295
  • THEM TO HAVE THEIRSERVICES, SPREAD THEIR FAITHS.
  • 00:10:21.295 --> 00:10:22.863
  • SERVICES, SPREAD THEIR FAITHS.THIS INCLUDES BUDDHISM,
  • 00:10:22.863 --> 00:10:24.565
  • THIS INCLUDES BUDDHISM,CHRISTIANITY, ISLAM,
  • 00:10:24.565 --> 00:10:26.634
  • CHRISTIANITY, ISLAM,AND ALL OF THEM.
  • 00:10:26.634 --> 00:10:27.168
  • AND ALL OF THEM.CHRISTIANITY WASN'T ANY
  • 00:10:27.168 --> 00:10:31.338
  • CHRISTIANITY WASN'T ANYSTRANGE OR A FOREIGN RELIGION.
  • 00:10:31.338 --> 00:10:32.606
  • STRANGE OR A FOREIGN RELIGION.IT WAS ONE OF THEM, SO HE
  • 00:10:32.606 --> 00:10:36.644
  • IT WAS ONE OF THEM, SO HEDID ENCOUNTER MANY CHRISTIANS.
  • 00:10:36.644 --> 00:10:37.912
  • DID ENCOUNTER MANY CHRISTIANS.[MUSIC]
  • 00:10:37.912 --> 00:10:38.946
  • [MUSIC]- BAYARJARGAL: THE GREAT
  • 00:10:38.946 --> 00:10:40.381
  • - BAYARJARGAL: THE GREATMONGOL, WHICH WAS THE
  • 00:10:40.381 --> 00:10:41.549
  • MONGOL, WHICH WAS THEBEGINNING OF THE MONGOL
  • 00:10:41.549 --> 00:10:43.050
  • BEGINNING OF THE MONGOLEMPIRE, CONSISTING OF SIX
  • 00:10:43.050 --> 00:10:44.452
  • EMPIRE, CONSISTING OF SIXTRIBES, FOUR OF THEM WERE
  • 00:10:44.452 --> 00:10:45.920
  • TRIBES, FOUR OF THEM WEREKNOWN TO HAVE CHRISTIANS
  • 00:10:45.920 --> 00:10:48.255
  • KNOWN TO HAVE CHRISTIANSALL KNOWN TO BE CHRISTIAN
  • 00:10:48.255 --> 00:10:50.524
  • ALL KNOWN TO BE CHRISTIANTRIBES.
  • 00:10:50.524 --> 00:10:51.392
  • TRIBES.GENGHIS KHAN, HIMSELF,
  • 00:10:51.392 --> 00:10:52.526
  • GENGHIS KHAN, HIMSELF,TOOK WIVES FOR HIMSELF AND
  • 00:10:52.526 --> 00:10:55.096
  • TOOK WIVES FOR HIMSELF ANDFOR HIS SONS FROM THESE
  • 00:10:55.096 --> 00:10:56.363
  • FOR HIS SONS FROM THESECHRISTIAN TRIBES, AND
  • 00:10:56.363 --> 00:10:57.665
  • CHRISTIAN TRIBES, ANDALSO, HE HAD MANY
  • 00:10:57.665 --> 00:10:58.966
  • ALSO, HE HAD MANYCHRISTIANS IN HIS
  • 00:10:58.966 --> 00:11:00.234
  • CHRISTIANS IN HISADMINISTRATIONS WHO WERE
  • 00:11:00.234 --> 00:11:02.570
  • ADMINISTRATIONS WHO WEREEDUCATED BUT ALSO WHO HAD
  • 00:11:02.570 --> 00:11:04.071
  • EDUCATED BUT ALSO WHO HADGOOD SKILLS, SO HE
  • 00:11:04.071 --> 00:11:07.141
  • GOOD SKILLS, SO HEEMPLOYED THEM.
  • 00:11:07.141 --> 00:11:07.975
  • EMPLOYED THEM.- TIMOTHY DAL YUMPLE, PhD:
  • 00:11:07.975 --> 00:11:09.210
  • - TIMOTHY DAL YUMPLE, PhD:IT SERVES TO SHOW US THAT
  • 00:11:09.210 --> 00:11:10.177
  • IT SERVES TO SHOW US THATCHRISTIANITY SPREAD INTO
  • 00:11:10.177 --> 00:11:10.711
  • CHRISTIANITY SPREAD INTOTHESE PLACES FAR BEFORE
  • 00:11:10.711 --> 00:11:12.613
  • THESE PLACES FAR BEFORETHE MISSIONARY MOVEMENTS
  • 00:11:12.613 --> 00:11:16.917
  • AND I HOPE THAT IT HELPS
  • 00:11:19.253 --> 00:11:20.221
  • AND I HOPE THAT IT HELPSTO DECENTER OUR NORTH
  • 00:11:20.221 --> 00:11:21.388
  • TO DECENTER OUR NORTHAMERICAN CENTRIC OR
  • 00:11:21.388 --> 00:11:24.391
  • AMERICAN CENTRIC ORWESTERN CENTRIC WAY OF
  • 00:11:24.391 --> 00:11:25.459
  • WESTERN CENTRIC WAY OFTHINKING ABOUT
  • 00:11:25.459 --> 00:11:27.328
  • THINKING ABOUTCHRISTIANITY THAT, IN FACT,
  • 00:11:27.328 --> 00:11:28.162
  • CHRISTIANITY THAT, IN FACT,IT'S BEEN A GLOBAL RELIGION
  • 00:11:28.162 --> 00:11:31.966
  • IT'S BEEN A GLOBAL RELIGIONFOR A VERY LONG TIME.
  • 00:11:31.966 --> 00:11:34.168
  • FOR A VERY LONG TIME.[MUSIC]
  • 00:11:34.168 --> 00:11:35.102
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS: MEANWHILE, IN
  • 00:11:35.102 --> 00:11:37.972
  • - DENNIS: MEANWHILE, INKOREA, CHRISTIANITY HAD
  • 00:11:37.972 --> 00:11:38.806
  • KOREA, CHRISTIANITY HADMADE VIRTUALLY NO IMPACT
  • 00:11:38.806 --> 00:11:41.642
  • MADE VIRTUALLY NO IMPACTAT ALL.
  • 00:11:41.642 --> 00:11:42.076
  • AT ALL.[MUSIC]
  • 00:11:42.076 --> 00:11:43.744
  • [MUSIC]- KIRSTEEN KIM, PHD: IT'S
  • 00:11:43.744 --> 00:11:44.278
  • - KIRSTEEN KIM, PHD: IT'SPOSSIBLE THAT THERE WERE
  • 00:11:44.278 --> 00:11:44.879
  • POSSIBLE THAT THERE WERECHRISTIANS IN KOREA.
  • 00:11:44.879 --> 00:11:45.646
  • CHRISTIANS IN KOREA.IN FACT, IT'S LIKELY THAT
  • 00:11:45.646 --> 00:11:46.147
  • IN FACT, IT'S LIKELY THATTHERE WERE CHRISTIANS IN
  • 00:11:46.147 --> 00:11:46.947
  • THERE WERE CHRISTIANS INKOREA DURING THE MONGOL
  • 00:11:46.947 --> 00:11:47.515
  • KOREA DURING THE MONGOLPERIOD WHEN KOREA WAS
  • 00:11:47.515 --> 00:11:48.082
  • PERIOD WHEN KOREA WASOCCUPIED BY MONGOLS, AND
  • 00:11:48.082 --> 00:11:49.150
  • OCCUPIED BY MONGOLS, ANDSOME OF THE LEADERS OF THE
  • 00:11:49.150 --> 00:11:51.152
  • SOME OF THE LEADERS OF THEMONGOL EMPIRE WERE CHRISTIAN,
  • 00:11:51.152 --> 00:11:51.819
  • MONGOL EMPIRE WERE CHRISTIAN,BUT IT'S DIFFICULT TO
  • 00:11:51.819 --> 00:11:52.820
  • BUT IT'S DIFFICULT TOTRACE ANY ESTABLISHED
  • 00:11:52.820 --> 00:11:55.289
  • TRACE ANY ESTABLISHEDCHRISTIAN COMMUNITY IN
  • 00:11:55.289 --> 00:11:56.223
  • CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY INKOREA BEFORE THE LATE
  • 00:11:56.223 --> 00:12:00.394
  • KOREA BEFORE THE LATE18TH CENTURY.
  • 00:12:00.394 --> 00:12:01.695
  • 18TH CENTURY.KOREA'S BIGGEST OBSTACLE
  • 00:12:01.695 --> 00:12:02.229
  • KOREA'S BIGGEST OBSTACLEWAS THAT IT WASN'T
  • 00:12:02.229 --> 00:12:03.764
  • WAS THAT IT WASN'TDISCOVERED.
  • 00:12:03.764 --> 00:12:04.198
  • DISCOVERED.[LAUGHTER]
  • 00:12:04.198 --> 00:12:04.965
  • [LAUGHTER]CHRISTIANS DIDN'T KNOW
  • 00:12:04.965 --> 00:12:06.300
  • CHRISTIANS DIDN'T KNOWABOUT IT.
  • 00:12:06.300 --> 00:12:07.368
  • ABOUT IT.IT WAS TOO FAR NORTH FOR
  • 00:12:07.368 --> 00:12:08.736
  • IT WAS TOO FAR NORTH FORTHE SHIPPING LANES, AND IT
  • 00:12:08.736 --> 00:12:10.037
  • THE SHIPPING LANES, AND ITWAS TOO FAR EAST FROM THE
  • 00:12:10.037 --> 00:12:11.205
  • WAS TOO FAR EAST FROM THECENTERS OF POWER OF
  • 00:12:11.205 --> 00:12:14.575
  • CENTERS OF POWER OFCHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:12:14.575 --> 00:12:15.976
  • CHRISTIANITY.KOREA'S UNKNOWNNESS,
  • 00:12:15.976 --> 00:12:16.510
  • KOREA'S UNKNOWNNESS,SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS
  • 00:12:16.510 --> 00:12:18.312
  • SOMETIMES REFERRED TO ASTHE "HERMIT KINGDOM"--
  • 00:12:18.312 --> 00:12:18.946
  • THE "HERMIT KINGDOM"--IT ALSO WANTED TO KEEP ITSELF
  • 00:12:18.946 --> 00:12:20.281
  • IT ALSO WANTED TO KEEP ITSELFTO ITSELF.
  • 00:12:20.281 --> 00:12:21.148
  • TO ITSELF.IT WAS DOING VERY NICELY,
  • 00:12:21.148 --> 00:12:21.949
  • IT WAS DOING VERY NICELY,THANK YOU, AND DIDN'T SEEK
  • 00:12:21.949 --> 00:12:24.785
  • THANK YOU, AND DIDN'T SEEKFOR FOREIGN HELP.
  • 00:12:24.785 --> 00:12:27.288
  • FOR FOREIGN HELP.THAT WAS WHAT PREVENTED
  • 00:12:27.288 --> 00:12:28.088
  • THAT WAS WHAT PREVENTEDCHRISTIANITY BEING KNOWN
  • 00:12:28.088 --> 00:12:29.223
  • CHRISTIANITY BEING KNOWNIN KOREA AND PEOPLE
  • 00:12:29.223 --> 00:12:29.757
  • IN KOREA AND PEOPLERESPONDING TO THE GOSPEL
  • 00:12:29.757 --> 00:12:30.724
  • RESPONDING TO THE GOSPELIN KOREA.
  • 00:12:30.724 --> 00:12:35.029
  • IN KOREA.[MUSIC]
  • 00:12:35.029 --> 00:12:36.664
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS: ABOUT THIS TIME,
  • 00:12:36.664 --> 00:12:38.165
  • - DENNIS: ABOUT THIS TIME,SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE TRADERS
  • 00:12:38.165 --> 00:12:39.700
  • SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE TRADERSWERE BECOMING VERY INTERESTED
  • 00:12:39.700 --> 00:12:41.168
  • AND THAT'S WHY THE SECOND
  • 00:12:42.203 --> 00:12:43.904
  • AND THAT'S WHY THE SECONDGREAT MISSIONARY WAVE
  • 00:12:43.904 --> 00:12:45.039
  • GREAT MISSIONARY WAVECONSISTED PRIMARILY OF
  • 00:12:45.039 --> 00:12:47.074
  • - MALE: WHEN MARCO POLO
  • 00:12:49.076 --> 00:12:50.978
  • - MALE: WHEN MARCO POLOTRAVELED THROUGH INDIA ON
  • 00:12:50.978 --> 00:12:52.179
  • TRAVELED THROUGH INDIA ONHIS WAY TO CHINA,
  • 00:12:52.179 --> 00:12:53.314
  • HIS WAY TO CHINA,HE ACTUALLY FOUND CHRISTIANS
  • 00:12:53.314 --> 00:12:54.481
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:12:58.686 --> 00:12:59.687
  • [MUSIC]- MALE: SPAIN AND
  • 00:12:59.687 --> 00:13:00.487
  • - MALE: SPAIN ANDPORTUGAL BEGAN TO TRAVEL
  • 00:13:00.487 --> 00:13:01.856
  • PORTUGAL BEGAN TO TRAVELAROUND THE WORLD, AND WHEN
  • 00:13:01.856 --> 00:13:02.456
  • AROUND THE WORLD, AND WHENTHEY TRAVELED AROUND THE
  • 00:13:02.456 --> 00:13:02.990
  • THEY TRAVELED AROUND THEWORLD, THEY BROUGHT THE
  • 00:13:02.990 --> 00:13:03.991
  • WORLD, THEY BROUGHT THEFAITH WITH THEM BECAUSE
  • 00:13:03.991 --> 00:13:04.792
  • FAITH WITH THEM BECAUSETHEY THOUGHT THAT WAS
  • 00:13:04.792 --> 00:13:05.459
  • THEY THOUGHT THAT WASTHEIR RESPONSIBILITY.
  • 00:13:05.459 --> 00:13:06.126
  • THEIR RESPONSIBILITY.THE POPE SAYS, "OKAY,
  • 00:13:06.126 --> 00:13:07.361
  • THE POPE SAYS, "OKAY,YOU KINGS, YOUR CHRISTIAN
  • 00:13:07.361 --> 00:13:08.362
  • YOU KINGS, YOUR CHRISTIANKINGS, WHEREVER YOU GO,
  • 00:13:08.362 --> 00:13:09.530
  • KINGS, WHEREVER YOU GO,YOU'VE GOTTA SPREAD THE FAITH."
  • 00:13:09.530 --> 00:13:10.764
  • YOU'VE GOTTA SPREAD THE FAITH."AND SO THERE WERE CHURCHES
  • 00:13:10.764 --> 00:13:11.832
  • AND SO THERE WERE CHURCHESPLANTED WHEREVER THE
  • 00:13:11.832 --> 00:13:12.499
  • PLANTED WHEREVER THEPORTUGUESE AND THE
  • 00:13:12.499 --> 00:13:14.835
  • PORTUGUESE AND THESPANISH WENT.
  • 00:13:14.835 --> 00:13:16.203
  • SPANISH WENT.SO THE SECOND WAVE WOULD
  • 00:13:16.203 --> 00:13:17.104
  • SO THE SECOND WAVE WOULDBE A WAVE OF TRADERS AS
  • 00:13:17.104 --> 00:13:18.005
  • BE A WAVE OF TRADERS ASWELL AS MONKS THAT WOULD
  • 00:13:18.005 --> 00:13:19.106
  • WELL AS MONKS THAT WOULDTRAVEL IN SPANISH AND
  • 00:13:19.106 --> 00:13:23.143
  • TRAVEL IN SPANISH ANDPORTUGUESE VESSELS.
  • 00:13:23.143 --> 00:13:24.211
  • PORTUGUESE VESSELS.[MUSIC]
  • 00:13:24.211 --> 00:13:24.778
  • [MUSIC]AND THAT GROUP BEGAN TO BE
  • 00:13:24.778 --> 00:13:25.546
  • AND THAT GROUP BEGAN TO BEPRETTY EFFECTIVE, AND THE
  • 00:13:25.546 --> 00:13:26.881
  • PRETTY EFFECTIVE, AND THEREASON IS BECAUSE THERE
  • 00:13:26.881 --> 00:13:27.982
  • REASON IS BECAUSE THEREWAS A DIFFERENT THEOLOGY
  • 00:13:27.982 --> 00:13:29.350
  • WAS A DIFFERENT THEOLOGYOF MISSION THAT WAS
  • 00:13:29.350 --> 00:13:30.784
  • OF MISSION THAT WASSPREADING THAT CAME FROM
  • 00:13:30.784 --> 00:13:33.120
  • SPREADING THAT CAME FROMTHE JESUITS, AND THE
  • 00:13:33.120 --> 00:13:34.555
  • THE JESUITS, AND THEJESUITS LOVED CULTURES.
  • 00:13:34.555 --> 00:13:35.189
  • JESUITS LOVED CULTURES.THEY LOVED TO STUDY ART.
  • 00:13:35.189 --> 00:13:36.056
  • THEY LOVED TO STUDY ART.THEY LOVED TO STUDY
  • 00:13:36.056 --> 00:13:37.625
  • THEY LOVED TO STUDYLANGUAGE.
  • 00:13:37.625 --> 00:13:38.959
  • LANGUAGE.THEY LOVED TO STUDY FLORA
  • 00:13:38.959 --> 00:13:39.526
  • THEY LOVED TO STUDY FLORAAND FAUNA, AND THEY WROTE
  • 00:13:39.526 --> 00:13:40.594
  • AND FAUNA, AND THEY WROTEALL ABOUT IT.
  • 00:13:40.594 --> 00:13:42.096
  • ALL ABOUT IT.AND SO, AS THEY TRAVELED
  • 00:13:42.096 --> 00:13:42.730
  • AND SO, AS THEY TRAVELEDTO EAST ASIA, THEY
  • 00:13:42.730 --> 00:13:43.197
  • TO EAST ASIA, THEYENGAGED WITH THESE
  • 00:13:43.197 --> 00:13:44.331
  • ENGAGED WITH THESECULTURES.
  • 00:13:44.331 --> 00:13:44.798
  • CULTURES.THEY TRANSLATED THEIR
  • 00:13:44.798 --> 00:13:46.267
  • THEY TRANSLATED THEIRLITURGY AND, AT TIMES,
  • 00:13:46.267 --> 00:13:47.034
  • LITURGY AND, AT TIMES,THEY BEGAN TO WORSHIP IN
  • 00:13:47.034 --> 00:13:47.868
  • THEY BEGAN TO WORSHIP INLOCAL LANGUAGES.
  • 00:13:47.868 --> 00:13:48.869
  • LOCAL LANGUAGES.AND WHEN THEY WENT TO
  • 00:13:48.869 --> 00:13:50.137
  • AND WHEN THEY WENT TOPLACES LIKE JAPAN AND
  • 00:13:50.137 --> 00:13:51.538
  • PLACES LIKE JAPAN ANDVIETNAM, THEY SET UP
  • 00:13:51.538 --> 00:13:52.339
  • VIETNAM, THEY SET UPSCHOOLS TO TRAIN PRIESTS,
  • 00:13:52.339 --> 00:13:53.807
  • SCHOOLS TO TRAIN PRIESTS,AND THEY ACTUALLY TURNED
  • 00:13:53.807 --> 00:13:55.242
  • AND THEY ACTUALLY TURNEDOVER LEADERSHIP VERY EARLY
  • 00:13:55.242 --> 00:13:57.344
  • OVER LEADERSHIP VERY EARLYON TO THESE GROUPS.
  • 00:13:57.344 --> 00:13:58.545
  • ON TO THESE GROUPS.[MUSIC]
  • 00:13:58.545 --> 00:13:59.013
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS: ONE OF THE
  • 00:13:59.013 --> 00:13:59.914
  • - DENNIS: ONE OF THEGREATEST MISSIONARIES OF
  • 00:13:59.914 --> 00:14:01.148
  • GREATEST MISSIONARIES OFALL TIME WAS A JESUIT PRIEST--
  • 00:14:01.148 --> 00:14:03.951
  • ALL TIME WAS A JESUIT PRIEST--HIS NAME, FRANCIS XAVIER.
  • 00:14:03.951 --> 00:14:07.021
  • HIS NAME, FRANCIS XAVIER.AS HE READ THE BIBLICAL
  • 00:14:07.021 --> 00:14:09.556
  • AS HE READ THE BIBLICALCOMMAND TO TAKE THE GOSPEL
  • 00:14:09.556 --> 00:14:11.458
  • COMMAND TO TAKE THE GOSPELTO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH,
  • 00:14:11.458 --> 00:14:12.126
  • TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH,HE BELIEVED THAT PLACE WAS
  • 00:14:12.126 --> 00:14:12.359
  • HE BELIEVED THAT PLACE WASJAPAN.
  • 00:14:12.359 --> 00:14:13.060
  • JAPAN.[MUSIC]
  • 00:14:13.060 --> 00:14:14.461
  • [MUSIC]- MALE: MANY PEOPLE SAID
  • 00:14:14.461 --> 00:14:15.362
  • - MALE: MANY PEOPLE SAIDTHIS: "JAPAN HAS NEVER
  • 00:14:15.362 --> 00:14:17.364
  • AND THAT'S ACTUALLY NOT TRUE.
  • 00:14:24.038 --> 00:14:24.605
  • AND THAT'S ACTUALLY NOT TRUE.- MALE: THERE WAS A VERY
  • 00:14:24.605 --> 00:14:25.105
  • - MALE: THERE WAS A VERYRICH CULTURE OF JESUS
  • 00:14:25.105 --> 00:14:26.140
  • RICH CULTURE OF JESUSCHRIST BEING PREACHED HERE.
  • 00:14:26.140 --> 00:14:27.474
  • CHRIST BEING PREACHED HERE.A MILLION HAVE HAD FAITH
  • 00:14:27.474 --> 00:14:31.245
  • - MAKOTO FUJIMURA: JAPAN
  • 00:14:32.279 --> 00:14:32.913
  • - MAKOTO FUJIMURA: JAPANIS NOT A PAGAN NATION.
  • 00:14:32.913 --> 00:14:34.248
  • IS NOT A PAGAN NATION.IT IS A TRAUMATIZED,
  • 00:14:34.248 --> 00:14:35.983
  • IT IS A TRAUMATIZED,HIDDEN CHRISTIAN NATION,
  • 00:14:35.983 --> 00:14:36.417
  • HIDDEN CHRISTIAN NATION,AND THERE ARE MANY
  • 00:14:36.417 --> 00:14:37.851
  • AND THERE ARE MANYEVIDENCES OF CULTURE THAT
  • 00:14:37.851 --> 00:14:41.055
  • - MALE: FRANCIS XAVIER,
  • 00:14:42.122 --> 00:14:43.991
  • - MALE: FRANCIS XAVIER,RECOGNIZED AS A SAINT IN
  • 00:14:43.991 --> 00:14:45.059
  • RECOGNIZED AS A SAINT INSOME CHURCHES, WHO IS
  • 00:14:45.059 --> 00:14:46.460
  • SOME CHURCHES, WHO ISPROBABLY ONE OF THE GREATEST
  • 00:14:46.460 --> 00:14:50.097
  • - MAKOTO: FRANCIS XAVIER,
  • 00:14:51.098 --> 00:14:52.533
  • - MAKOTO: FRANCIS XAVIER,WHEN HE CAME INTO JAPAN,
  • 00:14:52.533 --> 00:14:54.234
  • WHEN HE CAME INTO JAPAN,JAPAN WAS THE LAST OUTPOST.
  • 00:14:54.234 --> 00:14:55.302
  • JAPAN WAS THE LAST OUTPOST.HE LITERALLY JUST
  • 00:14:55.302 --> 00:14:56.770
  • HE LITERALLY JUSTCONSIDERED JAPAN TO BE THE
  • 00:14:56.770 --> 00:14:59.406
  • CONSIDERED JAPAN TO BE THEFULFILLMENT OF THE GREAT
  • 00:14:59.406 --> 00:15:00.574
  • FULFILLMENT OF THE GREATCOMMISSION, TO GO TO THE
  • 00:15:00.574 --> 00:15:01.742
  • COMMISSION, TO GO TO THEENDS OF THE EARTH.
  • 00:15:01.742 --> 00:15:04.878
  • ENDS OF THE EARTH.JAPAN WAS THE END.
  • 00:15:04.878 --> 00:15:05.446
  • JAPAN WAS THE END.- PASTOR ROD PLUMMER: AND
  • 00:15:05.446 --> 00:15:07.081
  • - PASTOR ROD PLUMMER: ANDWITHIN A VERY SHORT
  • 00:15:07.081 --> 00:15:08.148
  • WITHIN A VERY SHORTPERIOD, THERE WAS A
  • 00:15:08.148 --> 00:15:08.716
  • PERIOD, THERE WAS AMASSIVE NUMBER OF JAPANESE
  • 00:15:08.716 --> 00:15:09.516
  • MASSIVE NUMBER OF JAPANESEWHO HAD BELIEVED AND WERE
  • 00:15:09.516 --> 00:15:11.585
  • WHO HAD BELIEVED AND WEREBAPTIZED,
  • 00:15:11.585 --> 00:15:12.119
  • BAPTIZED,MAINLY THROUGH LORDS AND
  • 00:15:12.119 --> 00:15:13.187
  • MAINLY THROUGH LORDS ANDLADIES GETTING SAVED, THE
  • 00:15:13.187 --> 00:15:14.054
  • LADIES GETTING SAVED, THEHIGHER-RANKING JAPANESE
  • 00:15:14.054 --> 00:15:16.724
  • HIGHER-RANKING JAPANESEPEOPLE.
  • 00:15:16.724 --> 00:15:17.291
  • PEOPLE.IT WAS LIKE A RUSH WHEN IT
  • 00:15:17.291 --> 00:15:19.560
  • IT WAS LIKE A RUSH WHEN ITCAME, AND WHEN THE HIGHER
  • 00:15:19.560 --> 00:15:20.828
  • CAME, AND WHEN THE HIGHERLEVELS WERE GETTING SAVED,
  • 00:15:20.828 --> 00:15:23.464
  • LEVELS WERE GETTING SAVED,MANY OF THE UNDERLINGS
  • 00:15:23.464 --> 00:15:24.798
  • MANY OF THE UNDERLINGSBECAME INTERESTED IN THE
  • 00:15:24.798 --> 00:15:29.303
  • BECAME INTERESTED IN THEGOSPEL OF JESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:15:29.303 --> 00:15:29.903
  • GOSPEL OF JESUS CHRIST.- FRANCIS XAVIER: AS TO THE
  • 00:15:29.903 --> 00:15:31.505
  • YOU MAY UNDERSTAND THEM
  • 00:15:32.940 --> 00:15:33.574
  • YOU MAY UNDERSTAND THEMFROM THIS, THAT IT OFTEN
  • 00:15:33.574 --> 00:15:36.810
  • FROM THIS, THAT IT OFTENHAPPENS TO ME TO BE HARDLY
  • 00:15:36.810 --> 00:15:37.745
  • HAPPENS TO ME TO BE HARDLYABLE TO USE MY HANDS FROM
  • 00:15:37.745 --> 00:15:38.712
  • OFTEN, IN A SINGLE DAY,
  • 00:15:39.813 --> 00:15:40.914
  • OFTEN, IN A SINGLE DAY,I HAVE BAPTIZED WHOLE
  • 00:15:40.914 --> 00:15:41.448
  • I HAVE BAPTIZED WHOLEVILLAGES.
  • 00:15:41.448 --> 00:15:42.249
  • VILLAGES.SOMETIMES I HAVE LOST MY
  • 00:15:42.249 --> 00:15:43.550
  • SOMETIMES I HAVE LOST MYVOICE AND STRENGTH
  • 00:15:43.550 --> 00:15:46.286
  • VOICE AND STRENGTHALTOGETHER.
  • 00:15:46.286 --> 00:15:46.720
  • ALTOGETHER.- MAKOTO: WHEN THE
  • 00:15:46.720 --> 00:15:47.521
  • - MAKOTO: WHEN THEJESUITS CAME IN,
  • 00:15:47.521 --> 00:15:48.655
  • JESUITS CAME IN,FRANCIS XAVIER SAID,
  • 00:15:48.655 --> 00:15:51.759
  • FRANCIS XAVIER SAID,"JAPAN IS DIFFERENT FROM ANY
  • 00:15:51.759 --> 00:15:52.459
  • "JAPAN IS DIFFERENT FROM ANYOTHER COUNTRY THAT WE HAVE
  • 00:15:52.459 --> 00:15:53.660
  • OTHER COUNTRY THAT WE HAVEBEEN TO, AND IT IS THE MOST
  • 00:15:53.660 --> 00:15:56.063
  • BEEN TO, AND IT IS THE MOSTHIGHLY EDUCATED.
  • 00:15:56.063 --> 00:15:57.297
  • HIGHLY EDUCATED.ALMOST EVERYONE COULD READ."
  • 00:15:57.297 --> 00:16:00.534
  • ALMOST EVERYONE COULD READ."SO THEY DECIDED TO PRINT
  • 00:16:00.534 --> 00:16:03.737
  • SO THEY DECIDED TO PRINTTHE BIBLE RIGHT AWAY.
  • 00:16:03.737 --> 00:16:04.304
  • THE BIBLE RIGHT AWAY.- MAKOTO: IT SEEMED LIKE
  • 00:16:04.304 --> 00:16:06.040
  • - MAKOTO: IT SEEMED LIKEIT WAS A REAL FULFILLMENT
  • 00:16:06.040 --> 00:16:07.374
  • IT WAS A REAL FULFILLMENTFOR THE GREAT COMMISSION
  • 00:16:07.374 --> 00:16:12.346
  • FOR THE GREAT COMMISSIONAT THE TIME.
  • 00:16:12.346 --> 00:16:12.980
  • AT THE TIME.- ROD: FRANCIS XAVIER, AT
  • 00:16:12.980 --> 00:16:14.848
  • - ROD: FRANCIS XAVIER, ATTHE END OF HIS TIME HERE,
  • 00:16:14.848 --> 00:16:16.250
  • THE END OF HIS TIME HERE,HE CALLED BACK TO EUROPE
  • 00:16:16.250 --> 00:16:17.184
  • HE CALLED BACK TO EUROPEFOR MANY MISSIONARIES, AND
  • 00:16:17.184 --> 00:16:18.552
  • FOR MANY MISSIONARIES, ANDHE MADE THIS STATEMENT
  • 00:16:18.552 --> 00:16:20.554
  • HE MADE THIS STATEMENTWHICH I THINK HAS BEEN
  • 00:16:20.554 --> 00:16:21.555
  • WHICH I THINK HAS BEENUSED IN MANY DIFFERENT WAYS,
  • 00:16:21.555 --> 00:16:23.057
  • - FRANCIS: TELL THE
  • 00:16:24.491 --> 00:16:25.292
  • - FRANCIS: TELL THESTUDENTS TO GIVE UP THEIR
  • 00:16:25.292 --> 00:16:26.527
  • STUDENTS TO GIVE UP THEIRSMALL AMBITIONS AND COME
  • 00:16:26.527 --> 00:16:27.528
  • SMALL AMBITIONS AND COMEEASTWARD TO PREACH THE
  • 00:16:27.528 --> 00:16:29.496
  • - ROD: IN OTHER WORDS,
  • 00:16:32.066 --> 00:16:32.566
  • - ROD: IN OTHER WORDS,"COME AND MAKE A
  • 00:16:32.566 --> 00:16:37.838
  • "COME AND MAKE ADIFFERENCE IN JAPAN."
  • 00:16:37.838 --> 00:16:38.772
  • DIFFERENCE IN JAPAN."- FATHER PAUL: AND THEY
  • 00:16:38.772 --> 00:16:39.273
  • - FATHER PAUL: AND THEYSAY TO HIM IN JAPAN,
  • 00:16:39.273 --> 00:16:40.340
  • SAY TO HIM IN JAPAN,"IF YOUR RELIGION IS SO GREAT,
  • 00:16:40.340 --> 00:16:41.608
  • "IF YOUR RELIGION IS SO GREAT,WHY HAVEN'T THE CHINESE
  • 00:16:41.608 --> 00:16:43.010
  • WHY HAVEN'T THE CHINESETOLD US ABOUT IT?"
  • 00:16:43.010 --> 00:16:43.610
  • TOLD US ABOUT IT?"BECAUSE EVERYTHING FROM
  • 00:16:43.610 --> 00:16:44.745
  • BECAUSE EVERYTHING FROMZEN BUDDHISM STARTED IN
  • 00:16:44.745 --> 00:16:46.980
  • ZEN BUDDHISM STARTED INCHINA.
  • 00:16:46.980 --> 00:16:47.548
  • CHINA.BUDDHISM STARTED IN INDIA.
  • 00:16:47.548 --> 00:16:48.615
  • BUDDHISM STARTED IN INDIA.WE HAVE CONFUCIUS.
  • 00:16:48.615 --> 00:16:49.883
  • WE HAVE CONFUCIUS.WE KNOW ABOUT HIM.
  • 00:16:49.883 --> 00:16:51.985
  • WE KNOW ABOUT HIM.FRANCIS XAVIER SAYS,
  • 00:16:51.985 --> 00:16:53.353
  • FRANCIS XAVIER SAYS,"WELL, THEN I'VE GOTTA GO
  • 00:16:53.353 --> 00:16:56.523
  • "WELL, THEN I'VE GOTTA GOTO CHINA."
  • 00:16:56.523 --> 00:16:57.524
  • TO CHINA."- FATHER PAUL: WHAT
  • 00:16:57.524 --> 00:16:58.092
  • - FATHER PAUL: WHATHAPPENS IS HE DIES OFF THE
  • 00:16:58.092 --> 00:16:59.860
  • HAPPENS IS HE DIES OFF THECOAST OF SOUTHERN CHINA IN
  • 00:16:59.860 --> 00:17:05.432
  • COAST OF SOUTHERN CHINA INTHIS SMALL ISLAND.
  • 00:17:05.432 --> 00:17:06.233
  • THIS SMALL ISLAND.- DENNIS: YEARS AFTER THE
  • 00:17:06.233 --> 00:17:07.568
  • - DENNIS: YEARS AFTER THEDEATH OF FRANCIS XAVIER,
  • 00:17:07.568 --> 00:17:08.102
  • DEATH OF FRANCIS XAVIER,ANOTHER CATHOLIC PRIEST
  • 00:17:08.102 --> 00:17:10.170
  • ANOTHER CATHOLIC PRIESTNAMED MATTEO RICCI TOOK
  • 00:17:10.170 --> 00:17:11.505
  • NAMED MATTEO RICCI TOOKUP THE CHALLENGE TO REACH
  • 00:17:11.505 --> 00:17:13.140
  • UP THE CHALLENGE TO REACHCHINA, BUT HE HAD A
  • 00:17:13.140 --> 00:17:18.479
  • - FATHER PAUL: MATTEO RICCI
  • 00:17:20.247 --> 00:17:20.914
  • - FATHER PAUL: MATTEO RICCIIS ACTUALLY BORN IN THE
  • 00:17:20.914 --> 00:17:22.649
  • IS ACTUALLY BORN IN THESAME YEAR THAT FRANCIS
  • 00:17:22.649 --> 00:17:23.484
  • SAME YEAR THAT FRANCISXAVIER DIED, SO ANOTHER
  • 00:17:23.484 --> 00:17:26.186
  • VERY LEARNED.
  • 00:17:27.354 --> 00:17:28.722
  • VERY LEARNED.SO HIS IDEA WAS A TOP-DOWN
  • 00:17:28.722 --> 00:17:31.125
  • SO HIS IDEA WAS A TOP-DOWNAPPROACH.
  • 00:17:31.125 --> 00:17:31.758
  • APPROACH.HE DECIDES THAT HE WANTS
  • 00:17:31.758 --> 00:17:34.895
  • HE DECIDES THAT HE WANTSTO WORK WITH THE ELITE.
  • 00:17:34.895 --> 00:17:36.196
  • TO WORK WITH THE ELITE.HE WANTS TO BRING OVER
  • 00:17:36.196 --> 00:17:37.498
  • HE WANTS TO BRING OVERWESTERN SCIENCE.
  • 00:17:37.498 --> 00:17:38.031
  • WESTERN SCIENCE.HE MADE A GREAT MAP OF THE
  • 00:17:38.031 --> 00:17:39.166
  • HE MADE A GREAT MAP OF THEWORLD, BUT HE WAS VERY SMART.
  • 00:17:39.166 --> 00:17:40.534
  • WORLD, BUT HE WAS VERY SMART.HE PUT CHINA AT THE CENTER
  • 00:17:40.534 --> 00:17:43.504
  • HE PUT CHINA AT THE CENTEROF THAT MAP.
  • 00:17:43.504 --> 00:17:44.037
  • OF THAT MAP.HE HAD SOME HIGH-PROFILE
  • 00:17:44.037 --> 00:17:45.105
  • HE HAD SOME HIGH-PROFILECONVERTS.
  • 00:17:45.105 --> 00:17:48.509
  • CONVERTS.HE DIES IN 1610.
  • 00:17:48.509 --> 00:17:50.144
  • HE DIES IN 1610.CHRISTIANITY HAD KIND OF
  • 00:17:50.144 --> 00:17:52.446
  • CHRISTIANITY HAD KIND OFESTABLISHED A FOOTHOLD
  • 00:17:52.446 --> 00:17:53.680
  • ESTABLISHED A FOOTHOLDWITH CHINESE TO THE POINT
  • 00:17:53.680 --> 00:17:55.048
  • WITH CHINESE TO THE POINTWHERE IT WAS NEVER GONNA
  • 00:17:55.048 --> 00:18:00.087
  • WHERE IT WAS NEVER GONNADISAPPEAR AT THIS POINT.
  • 00:18:00.087 --> 00:18:00.621
  • DISAPPEAR AT THIS POINT.- KIRSTEEN: THE HISTORY
  • 00:18:00.621 --> 00:18:01.388
  • - KIRSTEEN: THE HISTORYOF CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA
  • 00:18:01.388 --> 00:18:05.159
  • OF CHRISTIANITY IN CHINAIS IMPORTANT FOR WHAT
  • 00:18:05.159 --> 00:18:06.727
  • IS IMPORTANT FOR WHATHAPPENS IN KOREA BECAUSE
  • 00:18:06.727 --> 00:18:07.261
  • HAPPENS IN KOREA BECAUSEOF THE RELATIONSHIP THAT
  • 00:18:07.261 --> 00:18:08.862
  • OF THE RELATIONSHIP THATKOREA HAD WITH CHINA,
  • 00:18:08.862 --> 00:18:09.796
  • KOREA HAD WITH CHINA,AND THAT WAS KOREA'S PRIMARY
  • 00:18:09.796 --> 00:18:12.065
  • AND THAT WAS KOREA'S PRIMARYRELATIONSHIP.
  • 00:18:12.065 --> 00:18:12.633
  • RELATIONSHIP.THE CHINESE WERE NOT HAPPY
  • 00:18:12.633 --> 00:18:13.367
  • THE CHINESE WERE NOT HAPPYFOR KOREANS TO HAVE
  • 00:18:13.367 --> 00:18:14.301
  • FOR KOREANS TO HAVEFOREIGN RELATIONS WITH
  • 00:18:14.301 --> 00:18:16.069
  • FOREIGN RELATIONS WITHOTHER COUNTRIES WITHOUT
  • 00:18:16.069 --> 00:18:17.437
  • OTHER COUNTRIES WITHOUTCHINA BEING INVOLVED.
  • 00:18:17.437 --> 00:18:18.438
  • CHINA BEING INVOLVED.SO MOST OF KOREA'S
  • 00:18:18.438 --> 00:18:19.907
  • SO MOST OF KOREA'SKNOWLEDGE OF THE REST OF
  • 00:18:19.907 --> 00:18:21.108
  • KNOWLEDGE OF THE REST OFTHE WORLD WAS THROUGH
  • 00:18:21.108 --> 00:18:21.708
  • THE WORLD WAS THROUGHBEIJING.
  • 00:18:21.708 --> 00:18:22.242
  • BEIJING.THAT'S HOW CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:18:22.242 --> 00:18:22.976
  • THAT'S HOW CHRISTIANITYFIRST COMES INTO KOREA IS
  • 00:18:22.976 --> 00:18:25.212
  • FIRST COMES INTO KOREA ISTHROUGH CHINA.
  • 00:18:25.212 --> 00:18:26.547
  • THROUGH CHINA.[MUSIC]
  • 00:18:26.547 --> 00:18:27.014
  • [MUSIC]- FATHER PAUL: KOREA,
  • 00:18:27.014 --> 00:18:27.948
  • - FATHER PAUL: KOREA,WHICH, I THINK, PROBABLY
  • 00:18:27.948 --> 00:18:28.982
  • WHICH, I THINK, PROBABLYHAS NO CHRISTIANS WITHIN IT,
  • 00:18:28.982 --> 00:18:30.417
  • HAS NO CHRISTIANS WITHIN IT,FINDS OUT ABOUT THIS
  • 00:18:30.417 --> 00:18:31.618
  • FINDS OUT ABOUT THISWESTERN TEACHING, AND THEY
  • 00:18:31.618 --> 00:18:32.753
  • WESTERN TEACHING, AND THEYACTUALLY SEND PEOPLE TO
  • 00:18:32.753 --> 00:18:35.155
  • ACTUALLY SEND PEOPLE TOBEIJING.
  • 00:18:35.155 --> 00:18:35.756
  • BEIJING.THEY MEET SOME OF THESE
  • 00:18:35.756 --> 00:18:36.924
  • THEY MEET SOME OF THESEJESUIT PRIESTS IN THE
  • 00:18:36.924 --> 00:18:38.792
  • JESUIT PRIESTS IN THECOURT, WHO ARE LIVING
  • 00:18:38.792 --> 00:18:39.793
  • COURT, WHO ARE LIVINGTHERE, AND THEY BRING IT
  • 00:18:39.793 --> 00:18:41.895
  • THERE, AND THEY BRING ITBACK TO KOREA, SO I THINK
  • 00:18:41.895 --> 00:18:45.566
  • BACK TO KOREA, SO I THINKKOREA, IT CAN SAFELY BE
  • 00:18:45.566 --> 00:18:47.067
  • KOREA, IT CAN SAFELY BESAID, WAS ONE OF THE FEW
  • 00:18:47.067 --> 00:18:48.502
  • SAID, WAS ONE OF THE FEWPLACES, IF MAYBE THE ONLY
  • 00:18:48.502 --> 00:18:51.205
  • PLACES, IF MAYBE THE ONLYPLACE ON THE EARTH,
  • 00:18:51.205 --> 00:18:51.738
  • PLACE ON THE EARTH,WHICH WAS
  • 00:18:51.738 --> 00:18:52.272
  • WHICH WASSELF-EVANGELIZED, THAT
  • 00:18:52.272 --> 00:18:52.940
  • SELF-EVANGELIZED, THATTHEY WENT OUT, THEY
  • 00:18:52.940 --> 00:18:54.374
  • THEY WENT OUT, THEYBROUGHT THE TEACHING BACK,
  • 00:18:54.374 --> 00:18:59.613
  • BROUGHT THE TEACHING BACK,AND IT SPREAD FROM THERE.
  • 00:18:59.613 --> 00:19:00.180
  • AND IT SPREAD FROM THERE.- KIRSTEEN: THERE WAS A
  • 00:19:00.180 --> 00:19:00.747
  • - KIRSTEEN: THERE WAS AGROUP OF SCHOLARS WHO
  • 00:19:00.747 --> 00:19:01.348
  • GROUP OF SCHOLARS WHOSTARTED MEETING REGULARLY
  • 00:19:01.348 --> 00:19:02.282
  • STARTED MEETING REGULARLYTO STUDY THIS WESTERN
  • 00:19:02.282 --> 00:19:03.517
  • TO STUDY THIS WESTERNLEARNING THAT WAS
  • 00:19:03.517 --> 00:19:05.285
  • LEARNING THAT WASBEING MEDIATED BY
  • 00:19:05.285 --> 00:19:07.187
  • BEING MEDIATED BYCATHOLICS IN BEIJING--
  • 00:19:07.187 --> 00:19:09.289
  • AND THEY DECIDED TO SEND
  • 00:19:12.226 --> 00:19:13.327
  • AND THEY DECIDED TO SENDONE OF THEIR NUMBER,
  • 00:19:13.327 --> 00:19:16.396
  • TO BEIJING, AND THE IDEA
  • 00:19:18.198 --> 00:19:20.267
  • TO BEIJING, AND THE IDEAWAS THAT HE WOULD GO THERE
  • 00:19:20.267 --> 00:19:21.969
  • WAS THAT HE WOULD GO THEREAND TAKE BAPTISM, AND THEN
  • 00:19:21.969 --> 00:19:22.936
  • AND TAKE BAPTISM, AND THENHE WOULD BE ABLE TO COME
  • 00:19:22.936 --> 00:19:23.704
  • HE WOULD BE ABLE TO COMEBACK AND INSTRUCT THE REST
  • 00:19:23.704 --> 00:19:24.338
  • BACK AND INSTRUCT THE RESTOF THE GROUP ABOUT WHAT
  • 00:19:24.338 --> 00:19:27.274
  • OF THE GROUP ABOUT WHATCHRISTIANITY WAS.
  • 00:19:27.274 --> 00:19:28.041
  • CHRISTIANITY WAS.SO HE DID THAT AND CAME
  • 00:19:28.041 --> 00:19:29.876
  • SO HE DID THAT AND CAMEBACK AND TOLD THE GROUP
  • 00:19:29.876 --> 00:19:31.878
  • BACK AND TOLD THE GROUPALL ABOUT IT.
  • 00:19:31.878 --> 00:19:32.913
  • ALL ABOUT IT.- DENNIS: AT THIS POINT
  • 00:19:32.913 --> 00:19:34.381
  • - DENNIS: AT THIS POINTIN HISTORY, OUR STORY
  • 00:19:34.381 --> 00:19:35.415
  • IN HISTORY, OUR STORYABOUT THE RISE OF
  • 00:19:35.415 --> 00:19:36.316
  • ABOUT THE RISE OFCHRISTIANITY IN ASIA TAKES
  • 00:19:36.316 --> 00:19:37.217
  • CHRISTIANITY IN ASIA TAKESA DIFFERENT AND OFTEN DARK
  • 00:19:37.217 --> 00:19:39.319
  • A DIFFERENT AND OFTEN DARKTURN.
  • 00:19:39.319 --> 00:19:41.321
  • TURN.THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA,
  • 00:19:41.321 --> 00:19:42.222
  • THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA,AGAIN, SERVES AS A SYMBOL
  • 00:19:42.222 --> 00:19:44.958
  • AGAIN, SERVES AS A SYMBOLFOR OBSTACLES THE
  • 00:19:44.958 --> 00:19:45.559
  • FOR OBSTACLES THEMESSENGERS OF THE GOSPEL
  • 00:19:45.559 --> 00:19:48.462
  • MESSENGERS OF THE GOSPELFACED.
  • 00:19:48.462 --> 00:19:48.962
  • FACED.THROUGHOUT ASIA,
  • 00:19:48.962 --> 00:19:49.496
  • THROUGHOUT ASIA,CHRISTIANS BEGAN
  • 00:19:49.496 --> 00:19:50.097
  • CHRISTIANS BEGANEXPERIENCING OBJECTIONS
  • 00:19:50.097 --> 00:19:51.098
  • EXPERIENCING OBJECTIONSAND PERSECUTION.
  • 00:19:51.098 --> 00:19:51.665
  • AND PERSECUTION.WALLS ARE SUDDENLY GOING
  • 00:19:51.665 --> 00:19:53.333
  • WALLS ARE SUDDENLY GOINGUP IN NOWHERE ELSE MORE
  • 00:19:53.333 --> 00:19:57.170
  • UP IN NOWHERE ELSE MORETHAN IN KOREAN.
  • 00:19:57.170 --> 00:19:58.472
  • THAN IN KOREAN.- KIRSTEEN: IT STARTED
  • 00:19:58.472 --> 00:19:59.606
  • - KIRSTEEN: IT STARTEDPRACTICING THIS NEW
  • 00:19:59.606 --> 00:20:00.440
  • PRACTICING THIS NEWRELIGION.
  • 00:20:00.440 --> 00:20:02.542
  • RELIGION.THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREAT
  • 00:20:02.542 --> 00:20:03.076
  • THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREATWAS IN KOREA ITSELF
  • 00:20:03.076 --> 00:20:07.281
  • WAS IN KOREA ITSELFBECAUSE THE WAY
  • 00:20:07.281 --> 00:20:07.781
  • BECAUSE THE WAYCONFUCIANISM WORKED WAS
  • 00:20:07.781 --> 00:20:08.315
  • CONFUCIANISM WORKED WASTHAT EVERYBODY IN THE
  • 00:20:08.315 --> 00:20:08.882
  • THAT EVERYBODY IN THESOCIETY HAD TO FULFILL THE
  • 00:20:08.882 --> 00:20:11.652
  • SOCIETY HAD TO FULFILL THERITUALS.
  • 00:20:11.652 --> 00:20:12.252
  • RITUALS.IF YOU WERE FULFILLING THE
  • 00:20:12.252 --> 00:20:13.353
  • IF YOU WERE FULFILLING THERITUALS CORRECTLY, THEN
  • 00:20:13.353 --> 00:20:15.222
  • RITUALS CORRECTLY, THENYOU ARE FULFILLING THE LAW
  • 00:20:15.222 --> 00:20:16.556
  • YOU ARE FULFILLING THE LAWOF HEAVEN, AND ALL IS WELL
  • 00:20:16.556 --> 00:20:18.492
  • OF HEAVEN, AND ALL IS WELLWITH THE EARTH, AND
  • 00:20:18.492 --> 00:20:19.059
  • WITH THE EARTH, ANDSOCIETY WOULD BE PROPERLY
  • 00:20:19.059 --> 00:20:19.960
  • SOCIETY WOULD BE PROPERLYORDERED.
  • 00:20:19.960 --> 00:20:21.161
  • ORDERED.BUT AS SOON AS SOMEBODY
  • 00:20:21.161 --> 00:20:22.229
  • BUT AS SOON AS SOMEBODYBROUGHT IN AN ALTERNATIVE
  • 00:20:22.229 --> 00:20:24.398
  • BROUGHT IN AN ALTERNATIVERITUAL, THAT THEN WAS A
  • 00:20:24.398 --> 00:20:24.898
  • RITUAL, THAT THEN WAS ACHALLENGE TO THE WHOLE
  • 00:20:24.898 --> 00:20:28.669
  • CHALLENGE TO THE WHOLESYSTEM.
  • 00:20:28.669 --> 00:20:29.903
  • SYSTEM.- WONSUK MA, PHD:
  • 00:20:29.903 --> 00:20:31.204
  • - WONSUK MA, PHD:CONFUCIAN BELIEF: KING,
  • 00:20:31.204 --> 00:20:33.440
  • CONFUCIAN BELIEF: KING,PARENTS, TEACHERS, THEY
  • 00:20:33.440 --> 00:20:34.508
  • PARENTS, TEACHERS, THEYARE ON THE SAME LEVEL OF
  • 00:20:34.508 --> 00:20:37.678
  • ARE ON THE SAME LEVEL OFRESPECT.
  • 00:20:37.678 --> 00:20:40.647
  • RESPECT.FOR EXAMPLE, CUT EVEN A
  • 00:20:40.647 --> 00:20:43.650
  • FOR EXAMPLE, CUT EVEN APART OF YOUR HAIR RECEIVED
  • 00:20:43.650 --> 00:20:45.752
  • PART OF YOUR HAIR RECEIVEDFROM YOUR PARENTS IS NOT
  • 00:20:45.752 --> 00:20:46.920
  • FROM YOUR PARENTS IS NOTMUCH DIFFERENT FROM YOU
  • 00:20:46.920 --> 00:20:49.823
  • MUCH DIFFERENT FROM YOUARE VIOLATING THE ROYALTY
  • 00:20:49.823 --> 00:20:52.359
  • ARE VIOLATING THE ROYALTYDECREE BECAUSE IT'S BASED
  • 00:20:52.359 --> 00:20:53.593
  • DECREE BECAUSE IT'S BASEDON THE CONFUCIAN TEACHING
  • 00:20:53.593 --> 00:20:54.995
  • ON THE CONFUCIAN TEACHINGTHAT EVERY PART OF YOUR
  • 00:20:54.995 --> 00:20:57.831
  • THAT EVERY PART OF YOURBODY IS INHERITED FROM
  • 00:20:57.831 --> 00:20:59.533
  • BODY IS INHERITED FROMYOUR PARENTS.
  • 00:20:59.533 --> 00:21:05.472
  • YOUR PARENTS.WHEN ONLY CATHOLICS DECIDED--
  • 00:21:05.472 --> 00:21:06.139
  • WHEN ONLY CATHOLICS DECIDED--TAUGHT TO CUT THEIR
  • 00:21:06.139 --> 00:21:06.773
  • TAUGHT TO CUT THEIRHAIR, IT WAS A
  • 00:21:06.773 --> 00:21:09.176
  • HAIR, IT WAS ANATIONAL LAW VIOLATED,
  • 00:21:09.176 --> 00:21:10.143
  • NATIONAL LAW VIOLATED,SO THOUSANDS OF THEM WERE
  • 00:21:10.143 --> 00:21:18.452
  • SO THOUSANDS OF THEM WEREEXECUTED BY THE GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:21:18.452 --> 00:21:20.287
  • EXECUTED BY THE GOVERNMENT.BY THE HAN RIVER OF SEOUL,
  • 00:21:20.287 --> 00:21:23.156
  • BY THE HAN RIVER OF SEOUL,THERE'S A SMALL HILL CALLED--
  • 00:21:23.156 --> 00:21:25.692
  • THERE'S A SMALL HILL CALLED--IN ENGLISH, IT'S A HILL OR
  • 00:21:25.692 --> 00:21:30.330
  • IN ENGLISH, IT'S A HILL OR"MOUNT OF HEADS CUT."
  • 00:21:30.330 --> 00:21:34.101
  • "MOUNT OF HEADS CUT."THOUSANDS OF THEM
  • 00:21:34.101 --> 00:21:35.168
  • THOUSANDS OF THEMEARLY BELIEVERS WERE
  • 00:21:35.168 --> 00:21:40.073
  • EARLY BELIEVERS WEREKILLED RIGHT THERE.
  • 00:21:40.073 --> 00:21:40.640
  • KILLED RIGHT THERE.- KIRSTEEN: THE MESSAGE
  • 00:21:40.640 --> 00:21:41.475
  • - KIRSTEEN: THE MESSAGEWAS CLEAR THAT THEY HAD TO
  • 00:21:41.475 --> 00:21:42.642
  • WAS CLEAR THAT THEY HAD TOCONTINUE WORSHIPPING IN
  • 00:21:42.642 --> 00:21:45.679
  • CONTINUE WORSHIPPING INSECRET.
  • 00:21:45.679 --> 00:21:46.980
  • SECRET.- KIRSTEEN: PERSECUTION
  • 00:21:46.980 --> 00:21:48.515
  • - KIRSTEEN: PERSECUTIONWAS SPORADIC.
  • 00:21:48.515 --> 00:21:50.250
  • WAS SPORADIC.THAT WAS THE EARLY 1790s,
  • 00:21:50.250 --> 00:21:51.418
  • THAT WAS THE EARLY 1790s,AND IT CONTINUED THEN
  • 00:21:51.418 --> 00:21:54.588
  • AND IT CONTINUED THENUNTIL 1866, AND IN 1866,
  • 00:21:54.588 --> 00:21:56.423
  • UNTIL 1866, AND IN 1866,UP TO HALF THE CATHOLIC
  • 00:21:56.423 --> 00:21:58.058
  • UP TO HALF THE CATHOLICCOMMUNITY IN KOREA WAS
  • 00:21:58.058 --> 00:22:01.862
  • COMMUNITY IN KOREA WASWIPED OUT.
  • 00:22:01.862 --> 00:22:03.797
  • WIPED OUT.- DENNIS: CHRISTIANITY
  • 00:22:03.797 --> 00:22:05.031
  • - DENNIS: CHRISTIANITYBEGAN FACING SIMILAR WALLS
  • 00:22:05.031 --> 00:22:06.933
  • BEGAN FACING SIMILAR WALLSIN JAPAN, LARGELY BECAUSE
  • 00:22:06.933 --> 00:22:07.501
  • IN JAPAN, LARGELY BECAUSEOF THE EXPLOSIVE GROWTH OF
  • 00:22:07.501 --> 00:22:10.370
  • OF THE EXPLOSIVE GROWTH OFTHE CHURCH.
  • 00:22:10.370 --> 00:22:11.772
  • THE CHURCH.THE PERSECUTION OF
  • 00:22:11.772 --> 00:22:12.773
  • THE PERSECUTION OFJAPANESE CHRISTIANS BECAME
  • 00:22:12.773 --> 00:22:18.979
  • JAPANESE CHRISTIANS BECAMEAN ALL-OUT ASSAULT.
  • 00:22:18.979 --> 00:22:19.513
  • AN ALL-OUT ASSAULT.- SCOTT W.: JAPAN WAS AT
  • 00:22:19.513 --> 00:22:20.547
  • - SCOTT W.: JAPAN WAS ATWAR WITH ITSELF IN THE
  • 00:22:20.547 --> 00:22:24.351
  • WAR WITH ITSELF IN THE15TH AND EARLY 16TH CENTURY.
  • 00:22:24.351 --> 00:22:25.819
  • 15TH AND EARLY 16TH CENTURY.BY THE END OF THE 16TH
  • 00:22:25.819 --> 00:22:27.888
  • BY THE END OF THE 16THCENTURY, THE 1580s AND '90s,
  • 00:22:27.888 --> 00:22:28.422
  • CENTURY, THE 1580s AND '90s,IT'S BEGINNING TO BE
  • 00:22:28.422 --> 00:22:30.023
  • IT'S BEGINNING TO BEA CONSOLIDATED EMPIRE, AND
  • 00:22:30.023 --> 00:22:32.125
  • A CONSOLIDATED EMPIRE, ANDTHE TOKUGAWA REGIME BEGINS,
  • 00:22:32.125 --> 00:22:33.827
  • THE TOKUGAWA REGIME BEGINS,AND THAT BEGINS TO
  • 00:22:33.827 --> 00:22:34.961
  • AND THAT BEGINS TOBE AN ANTI-CHRISTIAN,
  • 00:22:34.961 --> 00:22:36.163
  • BE AN ANTI-CHRISTIAN,ANTI-WESTERN REGIME,
  • 00:22:36.163 --> 00:22:37.497
  • ANTI-WESTERN REGIME,AND THAT'S THE BEGINNING OF A
  • 00:22:37.497 --> 00:22:38.598
  • AND THAT'S THE BEGINNING OF ALONG PERIOD OF TIME OF
  • 00:22:38.598 --> 00:22:41.001
  • LONG PERIOD OF TIME OFSTRUGGLES OF DOING ANY
  • 00:22:41.001 --> 00:22:41.601
  • STRUGGLES OF DOING ANYKIND OF EVANGELISTIC WORK
  • 00:22:41.601 --> 00:22:44.171
  • KIND OF EVANGELISTIC WORKIN JAPAN.
  • 00:22:44.171 --> 00:22:44.704
  • IN JAPAN.THERE'S A PERIOD OF TIME
  • 00:22:44.704 --> 00:22:46.940
  • THERE'S A PERIOD OF TIMETHERE FROM THE LATE-16TH
  • 00:22:46.940 --> 00:22:48.608
  • THERE FROM THE LATE-16THCENTURY TO THE MID-17TH
  • 00:22:48.608 --> 00:22:49.476
  • CENTURY TO THE MID-17THCENTURY IN JAPAN THAT'S
  • 00:22:49.476 --> 00:22:50.343
  • CENTURY IN JAPAN THAT'SCALLED THE CHRISTIAN
  • 00:22:50.343 --> 00:22:51.344
  • CALLED THE CHRISTIANCENTURY IN JAPAN, AND THE
  • 00:22:51.344 --> 00:22:52.712
  • CENTURY IN JAPAN, AND THECHURCH GREW DRAMATICALLY
  • 00:22:52.712 --> 00:22:56.850
  • CHURCH GREW DRAMATICALLYLIKE IT NEVER HAS SINCE.
  • 00:22:56.850 --> 00:22:57.884
  • LIKE IT NEVER HAS SINCE.THERE WERE BETWEEN 1.5 AND
  • 00:22:57.884 --> 00:22:59.319
  • THERE WERE BETWEEN 1.5 AND2% OF THE POPULATION
  • 00:22:59.319 --> 00:23:01.755
  • 2% OF THE POPULATIONCHRISTIAN.
  • 00:23:01.755 --> 00:23:02.456
  • CHRISTIAN.- ROD: THE SPREAD OF
  • 00:23:02.456 --> 00:23:03.557
  • - ROD: THE SPREAD OFCHRISTIANITY WAS
  • 00:23:03.557 --> 00:23:05.158
  • CHRISTIANITY WASREMARKABLE FOR 50 YEARS.
  • 00:23:05.158 --> 00:23:06.593
  • REMARKABLE FOR 50 YEARS.I'VE HEARD STATISTICS OF
  • 00:23:06.593 --> 00:23:08.094
  • I'VE HEARD STATISTICS OFSAYING, WITHIN THE NEXT 50
  • 00:23:08.094 --> 00:23:09.629
  • SAYING, WITHIN THE NEXT 50YEARS, THE POPULATION OF
  • 00:23:09.629 --> 00:23:12.933
  • YEARS, THE POPULATION OF15 MILLION AT THAT TIME,
  • 00:23:12.933 --> 00:23:14.601
  • 15 MILLION AT THAT TIME,3 MILLION HAD BECOME
  • 00:23:14.601 --> 00:23:15.168
  • 3 MILLION HAD BECOMECHRISTIANS, SO THAT'S 20%,
  • 00:23:15.168 --> 00:23:17.170
  • CHRISTIANS, SO THAT'S 20%,ONE IN FIVE.
  • 00:23:17.170 --> 00:23:18.371
  • ONE IN FIVE.IF THAT IS TRUE, THAT IS A
  • 00:23:18.371 --> 00:23:19.272
  • IF THAT IS TRUE, THAT IS AREALLY REMARKABLE MOVE OF
  • 00:23:19.272 --> 00:23:24.344
  • REALLY REMARKABLE MOVE OFTHE SPIRIT.
  • 00:23:24.344 --> 00:23:24.978
  • THE SPIRIT.- MAKOTO: INITIALLY, IT
  • 00:23:24.978 --> 00:23:26.413
  • - MAKOTO: INITIALLY, ITWAS WELL RECEIVED,
  • 00:23:26.413 --> 00:23:26.980
  • WAS WELL RECEIVED,AND WHAT HAPPENED WAS THE
  • 00:23:26.980 --> 00:23:28.114
  • AND WHAT HAPPENED WAS THECONSOLIDATION OF FEUDAL
  • 00:23:28.114 --> 00:23:29.749
  • CONSOLIDATION OF FEUDALPOWERS RESULTED IN MANY
  • 00:23:29.749 --> 00:23:32.385
  • POWERS RESULTED IN MANYTHINGS,
  • 00:23:32.385 --> 00:23:32.986
  • THINGS,BUT ONE WAS THIS
  • 00:23:32.986 --> 00:23:34.254
  • BUT ONE WAS THISPARTICULAR PERSECUTION OF
  • 00:23:34.254 --> 00:23:35.555
  • PARTICULAR PERSECUTION OFCHRISTIANS THAT THEY, THE
  • 00:23:35.555 --> 00:23:39.659
  • CHRISTIANS THAT THEY, THESHOGUNS AND POWERFUL
  • 00:23:39.659 --> 00:23:40.126
  • SHOGUNS AND POWERFULWARLORDS FOUND VERY
  • 00:23:40.126 --> 00:23:42.062
  • WARLORDS FOUND VERYTHREATENING.
  • 00:23:42.062 --> 00:23:46.366
  • THREATENING.[MUSIC]
  • 00:23:46.366 --> 00:23:47.400
  • [MUSIC]- ROD: "SHOGUN" MEANS
  • 00:23:47.400 --> 00:23:48.568
  • - ROD: "SHOGUN" MEANS"WARLORD."
  • 00:23:48.568 --> 00:23:50.971
  • "WARLORD."AT THIS TIME
  • 00:23:50.971 --> 00:23:52.572
  • AT THIS TIMEIN JAPAN'S HISTORY,
  • 00:23:52.572 --> 00:23:53.139
  • IN JAPAN'S HISTORY,THE EMPEROR HAD BEEN
  • 00:23:53.139 --> 00:23:54.274
  • THE EMPEROR HAD BEENDEMOTED, AND THE WARLORD
  • 00:23:54.274 --> 00:23:57.310
  • DEMOTED, AND THE WARLORDHAD BEEN PROMOTED.
  • 00:23:57.310 --> 00:23:58.578
  • HAD BEEN PROMOTED.THE EMPEROR WAS ALWAYS THERE,
  • 00:23:58.578 --> 00:24:00.013
  • THE EMPEROR WAS ALWAYS THERE,BUT THE WARLORDS WERE IN
  • 00:24:00.013 --> 00:24:01.214
  • BUT THE WARLORDS WERE INCHARGE.
  • 00:24:01.214 --> 00:24:01.748
  • CHARGE.SO THERE WAS A WARLORD
  • 00:24:01.748 --> 00:24:04.551
  • SO THERE WAS A WARLORDVERY WARM AND FRIENDLY TO
  • 00:24:04.551 --> 00:24:05.151
  • VERY WARM AND FRIENDLY TOTHE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE.
  • 00:24:05.151 --> 00:24:05.719
  • THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE.HE DIED, AND A NEW WARLORD
  • 00:24:05.719 --> 00:24:06.620
  • HIS NAME IS TOYOTOMI, AND
  • 00:24:08.788 --> 00:24:10.156
  • HIS NAME IS TOYOTOMI, ANDHE WAS QUITE FRIENDLY AT
  • 00:24:10.156 --> 00:24:10.991
  • HE WAS QUITE FRIENDLY ATTHE BEGINNING, BUT IT WAS
  • 00:24:10.991 --> 00:24:11.925
  • THE BEGINNING, BUT IT WASCLEAR THAT MANY IN HIS
  • 00:24:11.925 --> 00:24:14.294
  • AND SO CHRISTIANITY WAS
  • 00:24:16.062 --> 00:24:16.830
  • AND SO CHRISTIANITY WASGAINING A LOT OF RESPECT
  • 00:24:16.830 --> 00:24:17.964
  • GAINING A LOT OF RESPECTAND FOLLOWERS, AND HE
  • 00:24:17.964 --> 00:24:19.499
  • AND FOLLOWERS, AND HEBECAME A BIT CONCERNED
  • 00:24:19.499 --> 00:24:21.268
  • BECAME A BIT CONCERNEDABOUT THAT, AND SO IT WAS
  • 00:24:21.268 --> 00:24:24.304
  • ABOUT THAT, AND SO IT WASIN 1590s THAT HE TURNED
  • 00:24:24.304 --> 00:24:27.741
  • IN 1590s THAT HE TURNEDAGAINST CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:24:27.741 --> 00:24:29.209
  • AGAINST CHRISTIANITY.- SCOTT W.: WHEN THE
  • 00:24:29.209 --> 00:24:30.277
  • - SCOTT W.: WHEN THEPERSECUTION CAME ON, IT
  • 00:24:30.277 --> 00:24:31.177
  • PERSECUTION CAME ON, ITWAS ABSOLUTELY TERRIBLE,
  • 00:24:31.177 --> 00:24:31.745
  • WAS ABSOLUTELY TERRIBLE,AND THAT'S WHERE THE BOOK
  • 00:24:31.745 --> 00:24:32.779
  • AND THAT'S WHERE THE BOOK"SILENCE" AND THE MOVIE
  • 00:24:32.779 --> 00:24:33.880
  • "SILENCE" AND THE MOVIE"SILENCE" COMES FROM.
  • 00:24:33.880 --> 00:24:35.215
  • "SILENCE" COMES FROM.THE PERSECUTION WAS ABOUT
  • 00:24:35.215 --> 00:24:37.317
  • THE PERSECUTION WAS ABOUTAS RUTHLESS AS WE KNOW OF
  • 00:24:37.317 --> 00:24:43.590
  • AS RUTHLESS AS WE KNOW OFANY TIME IN HISTORY.
  • 00:24:43.590 --> 00:24:44.257
  • ANY TIME IN HISTORY.- ROD: WHEN THE
  • 00:24:44.257 --> 00:24:45.091
  • - ROD: WHEN THEPERSECUTION CAME, THEY
  • 00:24:45.091 --> 00:24:45.559
  • PERSECUTION CAME, THEYCOULD NOT GET A MAN,
  • 00:24:45.559 --> 00:24:46.826
  • COULD NOT GET A MAN,A WOMAN OR A CHILD TO DENY
  • 00:24:46.826 --> 00:24:49.162
  • A WOMAN OR A CHILD TO DENYJESUS FOR MANY, MANY YEARS.
  • 00:24:49.162 --> 00:24:49.696
  • JESUS FOR MANY, MANY YEARS.SO IT WAS OBVIOUSLY A VERY
  • 00:24:49.696 --> 00:24:52.432
  • SO IT WAS OBVIOUSLY A VERYDEVOTED CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:24:52.432 --> 00:24:53.700
  • DEVOTED CHRISTIANITY.ALL THEY HAD TO DO TO DENY
  • 00:24:53.700 --> 00:24:54.768
  • ALL THEY HAD TO DO TO DENYJESUS WAS TO STEP ON A
  • 00:24:54.768 --> 00:24:57.304
  • JESUS WAS TO STEP ON APICTURE OF MADONNA AND
  • 00:24:57.304 --> 00:24:58.972
  • PICTURE OF MADONNA ANDCHILD, SO MARY WITH BABY
  • 00:24:58.972 --> 00:25:00.140
  • CHILD, SO MARY WITH BABYJESUS.
  • 00:25:00.140 --> 00:25:01.341
  • JESUS.THEY DIDN'T EVEN HAVE TO SAY,
  • 00:25:01.341 --> 00:25:03.910
  • THEY DIDN'T EVEN HAVE TO SAY,"I REJECT JESUS CHRIST."
  • 00:25:03.910 --> 00:25:06.079
  • "I REJECT JESUS CHRIST."THAT WAS NOT IMPORTANT.
  • 00:25:06.079 --> 00:25:06.880
  • THAT WAS NOT IMPORTANT.THEY JUST WANTED THEM TO
  • 00:25:06.880 --> 00:25:07.714
  • THEY JUST WANTED THEM TOSTEP ON IT WITH THEIR
  • 00:25:07.714 --> 00:25:08.515
  • STEP ON IT WITH THEIRFOOT, REPRESENTING TOTAL
  • 00:25:08.515 --> 00:25:09.649
  • FOOT, REPRESENTING TOTALDENIAL OF THIS JESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:25:09.649 --> 00:25:11.952
  • DENIAL OF THIS JESUS CHRIST.AND FOR MANY YEARS,
  • 00:25:11.952 --> 00:25:13.486
  • AND FOR MANY YEARS,THEY COULD NOT GET A MAN OR
  • 00:25:13.486 --> 00:25:15.956
  • THEY COULD NOT GET A MAN ORWOMAN OR A CHILD TO DENY JESUS.
  • 00:25:15.956 --> 00:25:17.390
  • WOMAN OR A CHILD TO DENY JESUS.IN FACT, THEY GRABBED SOME
  • 00:25:17.390 --> 00:25:18.692
  • IN FACT, THEY GRABBED SOMEJESUIT PRIESTS AND PUT
  • 00:25:18.692 --> 00:25:19.426
  • JESUIT PRIESTS AND PUTTHEM IN FRONT OF THE
  • 00:25:19.426 --> 00:25:21.828
  • THEM IN FRONT OF THETORTURED JAPANESE,
  • 00:25:21.828 --> 00:25:23.997
  • TORTURED JAPANESE,AND THEY SAID TO THE
  • 00:25:23.997 --> 00:25:24.664
  • AND THEY SAID TO THEPORTUGUESE PRIESTS,
  • 00:25:24.664 --> 00:25:27.400
  • PORTUGUESE PRIESTS,"IF YOU DENY JESUS,
  • 00:25:27.400 --> 00:25:29.202
  • "IF YOU DENY JESUS,THEY'RE ALL FREE.
  • 00:25:29.202 --> 00:25:29.769
  • THEY'RE ALL FREE.ALL THOSE MANY, MANY
  • 00:25:29.769 --> 00:25:30.837
  • ALL THOSE MANY, MANYPEOPLE WILL GO HOME TONIGHT.
  • 00:25:30.837 --> 00:25:31.838
  • PEOPLE WILL GO HOME TONIGHT.THEY'LL GO HOME TO THEIR
  • 00:25:31.838 --> 00:25:34.107
  • THEY'LL GO HOME TO THEIRFAMILIES."
  • 00:25:34.107 --> 00:25:34.941
  • FAMILIES."WHILE THE MONKS OR
  • 00:25:34.941 --> 00:25:35.976
  • WHILE THE MONKS ORTHE PRIESTS STAYED STRONG,
  • 00:25:35.976 --> 00:25:37.611
  • THE PRIESTS STAYED STRONG,THE CONVERTS STAYED EXTREMELY
  • 00:25:37.611 --> 00:25:38.511
  • THE CONVERTS STAYED EXTREMELYSTRONG AND DIED FOR THEIR
  • 00:25:38.511 --> 00:25:41.948
  • STRONG AND DIED FOR THEIRFAITH.
  • 00:25:41.948 --> 00:25:43.450
  • FAITH.IT ESCALATED TO A POINT
  • 00:25:43.450 --> 00:25:45.385
  • IT ESCALATED TO A POINTWHERE 26 WERE CRUCIFIED.
  • 00:25:45.385 --> 00:25:46.920
  • WHERE 26 WERE CRUCIFIED.TWENTY-SIX CHRISTIANS WERE
  • 00:25:46.920 --> 00:25:48.254
  • TWENTY-SIX CHRISTIANS WERECRUCIFIED IN THE CITY OF
  • 00:25:48.254 --> 00:25:49.623
  • CRUCIFIED IN THE CITY OFNAGASAKI, INCLUDING THE
  • 00:25:49.623 --> 00:25:50.690
  • NAGASAKI, INCLUDING THEYOUNGEST, WHO THEY THINK
  • 00:25:50.690 --> 00:25:51.658
  • YOUNGEST, WHO THEY THINKWAS 11 YEARS OLD.
  • 00:25:51.658 --> 00:25:53.159
  • WAS 11 YEARS OLD.IT WAS THE MIDDLE OF
  • 00:25:53.159 --> 00:25:54.427
  • IT WAS THE MIDDLE OFWINTER, AND THEY WERE
  • 00:25:54.427 --> 00:25:54.995
  • WINTER, AND THEY WEREBAREFOOT, SO IT WAS
  • 00:25:54.995 --> 00:25:56.162
  • BAREFOOT, SO IT WASALREADY TORTURE.
  • 00:25:56.162 --> 00:25:56.963
  • ALREADY TORTURE.AND WHEN THEY GOT TO
  • 00:25:56.963 --> 00:25:57.864
  • AND WHEN THEY GOT TOHIROSHIMA, THEY PUT THEM
  • 00:25:57.864 --> 00:25:59.165
  • HIROSHIMA, THEY PUT THEMON BOATS AROUND THROUGH
  • 00:25:59.165 --> 00:26:01.167
  • ON BOATS AROUND THROUGHNAGASAKI AND PUT THEM ON A
  • 00:26:01.167 --> 00:26:03.770
  • NAGASAKI AND PUT THEM ON AHILL AND CRUCIFIED ALL 26.
  • 00:26:03.770 --> 00:26:06.840
  • HILL AND CRUCIFIED ALL 26.AS THEY DIED, THE YOUNGEST
  • 00:26:06.840 --> 00:26:08.942
  • AS THEY DIED, THE YOUNGESTONE, IBARAKI, AND HIS
  • 00:26:08.942 --> 00:26:10.110
  • ONE, IBARAKI, AND HISFRIEND WHO WAS 13, SAID TO
  • 00:26:10.110 --> 00:26:11.645
  • FRIEND WHO WAS 13, SAID TOPAUL MIKI, THE LEADER,
  • 00:26:11.645 --> 00:26:12.145
  • PAUL MIKI, THE LEADER,"WHAT SHOULD WE DO?"
  • 00:26:12.145 --> 00:26:13.880
  • "WHAT SHOULD WE DO?"AND PAUL MIKI SAID,
  • 00:26:13.880 --> 00:26:15.348
  • AND PAUL MIKI SAID,"WE SING TILL WE DIE."
  • 00:26:15.348 --> 00:26:16.282
  • "WE SING TILL WE DIE."AND SO THEY ALL SANG UNTIL
  • 00:26:16.282 --> 00:26:17.417
  • AND SO THEY ALL SANG UNTILTHE LAST ONE DIED.
  • 00:26:17.417 --> 00:26:20.153
  • THE LAST ONE DIED.THEY SANG.
  • 00:26:20.153 --> 00:26:21.421
  • THEY SANG.AND PEOPLE WATCHED THIS,
  • 00:26:21.421 --> 00:26:22.889
  • AND PEOPLE WATCHED THIS,AND EVEN THE SAMURAIS
  • 00:26:22.889 --> 00:26:23.590
  • AND EVEN THE SAMURAISWATCHING IT WERE VERY
  • 00:26:23.590 --> 00:26:24.357
  • WATCHING IT WERE VERYMOVED THAT THEY HAD TO
  • 00:26:24.357 --> 00:26:30.130
  • MOVED THAT THEY HAD TOCRUCIFY THESE PEOPLE.
  • 00:26:30.130 --> 00:26:31.331
  • CRUCIFY THESE PEOPLE.[VOCALIZING]
  • 00:26:31.331 --> 00:26:31.831
  • [VOCALIZING]- SCOTT W.: IT IS
  • 00:26:31.831 --> 00:26:32.732
  • - SCOTT W.: IT ISPOSSIBLE FOR MARTYRDOM AND
  • 00:26:32.732 --> 00:26:33.299
  • POSSIBLE FOR MARTYRDOM ANDPERSECUTION TO BE SO GREAT
  • 00:26:33.299 --> 00:26:34.501
  • PERSECUTION TO BE SO GREATTHAT IT CAN NEARLY WIPE
  • 00:26:34.501 --> 00:26:36.269
  • THAT IT CAN NEARLY WIPEOUT THE CHURCH, AND THAT'S
  • 00:26:36.269 --> 00:26:40.173
  • OUT THE CHURCH, AND THAT'SWHAT HAPPENED IN JAPAN.
  • 00:26:40.173 --> 00:26:41.341
  • WHAT HAPPENED IN JAPAN.[VOCALIZING]
  • 00:26:41.341 --> 00:26:41.875
  • [VOCALIZING]- DENNIS: "WE SING TILL
  • 00:26:41.875 --> 00:26:43.843
  • - DENNIS: "WE SING TILLWE DIE."
  • 00:26:43.843 --> 00:26:44.477
  • WE DIE."CHILDREN WERE CRUCIFIED, AND,
  • 00:26:44.477 --> 00:26:48.148
  • CHILDREN WERE CRUCIFIED, AND,YET THEY SANG,
  • 00:26:48.148 --> 00:26:48.748
  • YET THEY SANG,BUT EVEN AT THE
  • 00:26:48.748 --> 00:26:49.916
  • BUT EVEN AT THEMOMENT CHRISTIANITY IN
  • 00:26:49.916 --> 00:26:51.184
  • MOMENT CHRISTIANITY INASIA SEEMED TO BE SNUFFED
  • 00:26:51.184 --> 00:26:52.585
  • ASIA SEEMED TO BE SNUFFEDOUT, A LIGHT COULD BE SEEN
  • 00:26:52.585 --> 00:26:55.422
  • OUT, A LIGHT COULD BE SEENON THE HORIZON.
  • 00:26:55.422 --> 00:26:56.456
  • ON THE HORIZON.IN THE DISTANCE, A THIRD
  • 00:26:56.456 --> 00:26:57.290
  • IN THE DISTANCE, A THIRDWAVE OF MISSIONARIES WAS
  • 00:26:57.290 --> 00:26:59.659
  • THIS TIME, THEY WERE
  • 00:27:01.461 --> 00:27:02.262
  • THIS TIME, THEY WEREPROTESTANT MISSIONARIES
  • 00:27:02.262 --> 00:27:03.596
  • PROTESTANT MISSIONARIESFROM THE NETHERLANDS AND
  • 00:27:03.596 --> 00:27:05.832
  • THESE EARLY PROTESTANT
  • 00:27:06.833 --> 00:27:08.101
  • THESE EARLY PROTESTANTEFFORTS WERE SMALL BUT
  • 00:27:08.101 --> 00:27:09.436
  • EFFORTS WERE SMALL BUTWOULD EVENTUALLY OPEN THE
  • 00:27:09.436 --> 00:27:10.770
  • WOULD EVENTUALLY OPEN THEDOOR TO THE LEGENDARY
  • 00:27:10.770 --> 00:27:12.639
  • DOOR TO THE LEGENDARYMISSIONARIES BY WILLIAM CAREY
  • 00:27:12.639 --> 00:27:16.142
  • MISSIONARIES BY WILLIAM CAREYAND HUDSON TAYLOR.
  • 00:27:16.142 --> 00:27:16.543
  • AND HUDSON TAYLOR.- SCOTT W.: THE
  • 00:27:16.543 --> 00:27:17.343
  • - SCOTT W.: THEPROTESTANTS BEGAN WITH THE
  • 00:27:17.343 --> 00:27:18.344
  • PROTESTANTS BEGAN WITH THEDUTCH IN THE EARLY 17TH
  • 00:27:18.344 --> 00:27:19.813
  • THE DUTCH EAST INDIA
  • 00:27:21.014 --> 00:27:22.215
  • THE DUTCH EAST INDIACOMPANY, AND THEY WEREN'T
  • 00:27:22.215 --> 00:27:23.483
  • COMPANY, AND THEY WEREN'TTHAT CONCERNED ABOUT
  • 00:27:23.483 --> 00:27:25.018
  • THAT CONCERNED ABOUTMISSIONIZING OR
  • 00:27:25.018 --> 00:27:26.653
  • THEY BROUGHT WITH THEM
  • 00:27:27.887 --> 00:27:29.089
  • THEY BROUGHT WITH THEMPASTORS WHO WOULD TAKE
  • 00:27:29.089 --> 00:27:30.256
  • PASTORS WHO WOULD TAKECARE OF THEIR OWN PEOPLE
  • 00:27:30.256 --> 00:27:31.257
  • CARE OF THEIR OWN PEOPLEWITHIN THE COMPANY, BUT A
  • 00:27:31.257 --> 00:27:32.959
  • WITHIN THE COMPANY, BUT AFEW OF THEM BEGAN TO LEARN
  • 00:27:32.959 --> 00:27:34.094
  • FEW OF THEM BEGAN TO LEARNLOCAL LANGUAGES AND REACH
  • 00:27:34.094 --> 00:27:35.161
  • LOCAL LANGUAGES AND REACHOUT TO LOCAL PEOPLE, BUT
  • 00:27:35.161 --> 00:27:36.629
  • OUT TO LOCAL PEOPLE, BUTTHEY WERE REALLY ALL ABOUT
  • 00:27:36.629 --> 00:27:38.631
  • THEY WERE REALLY ALL ABOUTPROFIT, AND THAT'S WITH AN
  • 00:27:38.631 --> 00:27:40.467
  • PROFIT, AND THAT'S WITH ANF-I-T.
  • 00:27:40.467 --> 00:27:41.668
  • F-I-T.BUT THEN, ON THE HEELS OF
  • 00:27:41.668 --> 00:27:42.802
  • BUT THEN, ON THE HEELS OFTHE DUTCH WERE THE
  • 00:27:42.802 --> 00:27:43.470
  • THE DUTCH WERE THEBRITISH, AND WHEN THE
  • 00:27:43.470 --> 00:27:44.871
  • BRITISH, AND WHEN THEBRITISH MOVED OUT, THE
  • 00:27:44.871 --> 00:27:46.272
  • BRITISH MOVED OUT, THEBRITISH HAD WITHIN THE
  • 00:27:46.272 --> 00:27:47.307
  • BRITISH HAD WITHIN THECOUNTRY SOME REVIVALS AND
  • 00:27:47.307 --> 00:27:48.475
  • COUNTRY SOME REVIVALS ANDRENEWALS OF MISSION WORK.
  • 00:27:48.475 --> 00:27:50.276
  • RENEWALS OF MISSION WORK.THEY WERE MOVING OUT WITH
  • 00:27:50.276 --> 00:27:50.810
  • THEY WERE MOVING OUT WITHMORE OF A MISSIONARY
  • 00:27:50.810 --> 00:27:51.644
  • MORE OF A MISSIONARYCONCERN.
  • 00:27:51.644 --> 00:27:54.814
  • CONCERN.IT WAS A SMALL MOVEMENT.
  • 00:27:54.814 --> 00:27:56.182
  • IT WAS A SMALL MOVEMENT.IT WAS VERY SIGNIFICANT
  • 00:27:56.182 --> 00:27:56.783
  • IT WAS VERY SIGNIFICANTBECAUSE THEY SET UP THE
  • 00:27:56.783 --> 00:27:58.118
  • BECAUSE THEY SET UP THEPATTERNS THAT WOULD BE
  • 00:27:58.118 --> 00:27:59.185
  • PATTERNS THAT WOULD BEUSED BY PROTESTANTS FOR
  • 00:27:59.185 --> 00:28:01.020
  • USED BY PROTESTANTS FORTHE NEXT TWO CENTURIES.
  • 00:28:01.020 --> 00:28:02.522
  • THE NEXT TWO CENTURIES.LEARNING LOCAL CULTURE,
  • 00:28:02.522 --> 00:28:03.056
  • LEARNING LOCAL CULTURE,IMMEDIATELY LEARNING THE
  • 00:28:03.056 --> 00:28:03.623
  • IMMEDIATELY LEARNING THELANGUAGE, TRANSLATING THE
  • 00:28:03.623 --> 00:28:04.591
  • LANGUAGE, TRANSLATING THEBIBLE WAS A KEY.
  • 00:28:04.591 --> 00:28:05.892
  • BIBLE WAS A KEY.THIS WAS VERY DIFFERENT
  • 00:28:05.892 --> 00:28:09.129
  • THIS WAS VERY DIFFERENTFROM THE ROMAN CATHOLICS.
  • 00:28:09.129 --> 00:28:09.963
  • FROM THE ROMAN CATHOLICS.- DENNIS: IN 1793,
  • 00:28:09.963 --> 00:28:11.531
  • - DENNIS: IN 1793,WILLIAM CAREY, A BRITISH
  • 00:28:11.531 --> 00:28:13.600
  • WILLIAM CAREY, A BRITISHMISSIONARY TO INDIA,
  • 00:28:13.600 --> 00:28:14.834
  • MISSIONARY TO INDIA,WOULD CHANGE EVERYTHING
  • 00:28:14.834 --> 00:28:17.637
  • WOULD CHANGE EVERYTHINGTHE CHURCH KNEW ABOUT MISSIONS.
  • 00:28:17.637 --> 00:28:18.772
  • THE CHURCH KNEW ABOUT MISSIONS.ALTHOUGH HIS LIFE AND WORK
  • 00:28:18.772 --> 00:28:20.306
  • ALTHOUGH HIS LIFE AND WORKIN INDIA WAS REMARKABLY
  • 00:28:20.306 --> 00:28:21.274
  • IN INDIA WAS REMARKABLYDIFFICULT, HIS
  • 00:28:21.274 --> 00:28:22.909
  • DIFFICULT, HISPERSISTENCE, COMMITMENT,
  • 00:28:22.909 --> 00:28:24.577
  • PERSISTENCE, COMMITMENT,AND PIONEERING INNOVATIONS
  • 00:28:24.577 --> 00:28:26.346
  • AND PIONEERING INNOVATIONSWOULD LEAD HIM TO BE
  • 00:28:26.346 --> 00:28:27.113
  • WOULD LEAD HIM TO BECALLED THE "FATHER OF
  • 00:28:27.113 --> 00:28:32.152
  • - MYRON NOONKESTER, PHD:
  • 00:28:33.219 --> 00:28:33.753
  • - MYRON NOONKESTER, PHD:WHEN PEOPLE THINK OF THE
  • 00:28:33.753 --> 00:28:34.287
  • WHEN PEOPLE THINK OF THENAME WILLIAM CAREY, THEY
  • 00:28:34.287 --> 00:28:35.054
  • NAME WILLIAM CAREY, THEYMAY WELL KNOW OF HIM AS A
  • 00:28:35.054 --> 00:28:37.157
  • MAY WELL KNOW OF HIM AS AMISSIONARY.
  • 00:28:37.157 --> 00:28:37.724
  • MISSIONARY.THEY MAY WELL KNOW OF HIM
  • 00:28:37.724 --> 00:28:38.324
  • THEY MAY WELL KNOW OF HIMAS SOMEONE WHO WENT TO
  • 00:28:38.324 --> 00:28:39.659
  • THEY CERTAINLY KNOW OF HIM
  • 00:28:40.727 --> 00:28:41.528
  • THEY CERTAINLY KNOW OF HIMAS SOMEONE WHO WAS
  • 00:28:41.528 --> 00:28:43.263
  • AS SOMEONE WHO WASCOMMITTED TO THE CAUSE OF
  • 00:28:43.263 --> 00:28:44.030
  • COMMITTED TO THE CAUSE OFCHRIST AND TO CHANGING THE
  • 00:28:44.030 --> 00:28:47.033
  • CHRIST AND TO CHANGING THEWORLD.
  • 00:28:47.033 --> 00:28:49.135
  • WORLD.HE ESSENTIALLY HAD A
  • 00:28:49.135 --> 00:28:50.570
  • HE ESSENTIALLY HAD AGRAMMAR SCHOOL EDUCATION
  • 00:28:50.570 --> 00:28:51.104
  • GRAMMAR SCHOOL EDUCATIONBECAUSE HIS FATHER WAS A
  • 00:28:51.104 --> 00:28:53.006
  • BECAUSE HIS FATHER WAS ASCHOOLMASTER.
  • 00:28:53.006 --> 00:28:53.807
  • SCHOOLMASTER.BEYOND THAT, HE WAS
  • 00:28:53.807 --> 00:28:56.209
  • BEYOND THAT, HE WASSELF-EDUCATED,
  • 00:28:56.209 --> 00:28:56.709
  • SELF-EDUCATED,AND HE WAS VERY, VERY
  • 00:28:56.709 --> 00:28:58.711
  • AND HE WAS VERY, VERYDILIGENT.
  • 00:28:58.711 --> 00:29:00.113
  • DILIGENT.HE BECAME CONVINCED OF
  • 00:29:00.113 --> 00:29:03.283
  • HE BECAME CONVINCED OFCHRIST'S MISSIONARY CALL
  • 00:29:03.283 --> 00:29:08.221
  • CHRIST'S MISSIONARY CALLUPON HIM.
  • 00:29:08.221 --> 00:29:09.022
  • UPON HIM.CAREY IS CONVINCED BY
  • 00:29:09.022 --> 00:29:11.024
  • CAREY IS CONVINCED BY1792, AT THE LATEST, THAT
  • 00:29:11.024 --> 00:29:12.926
  • 1792, AT THE LATEST, THATHE WANTS TO GO OVERSEAS AS
  • 00:29:12.926 --> 00:29:16.462
  • HE WANTS TO GO OVERSEAS ASONE OF THE TWO FIRST
  • 00:29:16.462 --> 00:29:17.664
  • ONE OF THE TWO FIRSTMISSIONARIES OF THE NEWLY
  • 00:29:17.664 --> 00:29:18.364
  • MISSIONARIES OF THE NEWLYFORMED BAPTIST MISSIONARY
  • 00:29:18.364 --> 00:29:20.800
  • - BENNIE R. CROCKETT, JR.:
  • 00:29:21.868 --> 00:29:22.468
  • - BENNIE R. CROCKETT, JR.:THE INITIAL REASON TO GO TO
  • 00:29:22.468 --> 00:29:23.069
  • THE INITIAL REASON TO GO TOINDIA WAS BECAUSE HE'S GOING
  • 00:29:23.069 --> 00:29:26.439
  • WHO WAS A EAST INDIA COMPANY
  • 00:29:27.574 --> 00:29:28.107
  • WHO WAS A EAST INDIA COMPANYSURGEON, WHO HAD ALREADY
  • 00:29:28.107 --> 00:29:30.643
  • SURGEON, WHO HAD ALREADYBEEN IN BENGAL.
  • 00:29:30.643 --> 00:29:31.177
  • BEEN IN BENGAL.YOU HAVE A BARNABAS AND
  • 00:29:31.177 --> 00:29:34.380
  • YOU HAVE A BARNABAS ANDPAUL KIND OF RELATIONSHIP.
  • 00:29:34.380 --> 00:29:35.615
  • PAUL KIND OF RELATIONSHIP.- MARK: HE WAS PLANNING
  • 00:29:35.615 --> 00:29:36.983
  • - MARK: HE WAS PLANNINGON COMING OUT FROM ENGLAND
  • 00:29:36.983 --> 00:29:38.051
  • ON COMING OUT FROM ENGLANDAND TRYING TO COME ON AN
  • 00:29:38.051 --> 00:29:40.286
  • AND TRYING TO COME ON ANEAST INDIA COMPANY SHIP,
  • 00:29:40.286 --> 00:29:42.188
  • EAST INDIA COMPANY SHIP,BUT THE EAST INDIA COMPANY
  • 00:29:42.188 --> 00:29:44.224
  • BUT THE EAST INDIA COMPANYDID NOT ENCOURAGE MISSIONARIES,
  • 00:29:44.224 --> 00:29:44.757
  • DID NOT ENCOURAGE MISSIONARIES,SO THEY STOPPED HIM FROM
  • 00:29:44.757 --> 00:29:46.993
  • SO THEY STOPPED HIM FROMCOMING.
  • 00:29:46.993 --> 00:29:47.594
  • COMING.- MYRON: THE EAST INDIA
  • 00:29:47.594 --> 00:29:48.728
  • - MYRON: THE EAST INDIACOMPANY WAS PROBABLY THE
  • 00:29:48.728 --> 00:29:50.930
  • COMPANY WAS PROBABLY THEFIRST MULTINATIONAL
  • 00:29:50.930 --> 00:29:55.168
  • FIRST MULTINATIONALCORPORATION.
  • 00:29:55.168 --> 00:29:55.869
  • CORPORATION.THEIR CONCERN IS THAT THE
  • 00:29:55.869 --> 00:29:57.203
  • THEIR CONCERN IS THAT THEPRESENCE OF THE
  • 00:29:57.203 --> 00:29:58.504
  • PRESENCE OF THEMISSIONARIES MAY CAUSE
  • 00:29:58.504 --> 00:30:00.273
  • MISSIONARIES MAY CAUSEHINDUS AND MUSLIMS TO
  • 00:30:00.273 --> 00:30:02.141
  • HINDUS AND MUSLIMS TOTHINK THAT THE EAST INDIA
  • 00:30:02.141 --> 00:30:03.142
  • THINK THAT THE EAST INDIACOMPANY IS THERE FOR
  • 00:30:03.142 --> 00:30:04.711
  • COMPANY IS THERE FORPROSELYTIZING, TO CONVERT
  • 00:30:04.711 --> 00:30:07.213
  • PROSELYTIZING, TO CONVERTPEOPLE.
  • 00:30:07.213 --> 00:30:07.780
  • PEOPLE.THE EAST INDIA COMPANY
  • 00:30:07.780 --> 00:30:09.148
  • THE EAST INDIA COMPANYDISAVOWS THAT AND REFUSES
  • 00:30:09.148 --> 00:30:09.883
  • DISAVOWS THAT AND REFUSESLEGALLY TO COUNTENANCE
  • 00:30:09.883 --> 00:30:13.319
  • LEGALLY TO COUNTENANCEMISSIONARIES.
  • 00:30:13.319 --> 00:30:14.954
  • MISSIONARIES.- BENNIE: THE EAST INDIA
  • 00:30:14.954 --> 00:30:15.889
  • - BENNIE: THE EAST INDIACOMPANY WOULDN'T EVEN
  • 00:30:15.889 --> 00:30:16.856
  • COMPANY WOULDN'T EVENALLOW THE MISSIONARIES TO
  • 00:30:16.856 --> 00:30:17.690
  • ALLOW THE MISSIONARIES TOTRAVEL ON THEIR SHIPS, SO
  • 00:30:17.690 --> 00:30:18.758
  • TRAVEL ON THEIR SHIPS, SOHE CAME OVER HERE ON A
  • 00:30:18.758 --> 00:30:22.028
  • HE CAME OVER HERE ON ANORWEGIAN SHIP.
  • 00:30:22.028 --> 00:30:22.629
  • NORWEGIAN SHIP.- MYRON: IT IS A VERY,
  • 00:30:22.629 --> 00:30:24.464
  • - MYRON: IT IS A VERY,VERY DIFFICULT FIVE- TO
  • 00:30:24.464 --> 00:30:26.633
  • VERY DIFFICULT FIVE- TOSIX-MONTHS' SEA JOURNEY.
  • 00:30:26.633 --> 00:30:27.700
  • SIX-MONTHS' SEA JOURNEY.ALONG THE WAY, THERE ARE
  • 00:30:27.700 --> 00:30:30.103
  • ALONG THE WAY, THERE AREGRAVE DIFFICULTIES, NOT
  • 00:30:30.103 --> 00:30:31.371
  • GRAVE DIFFICULTIES, NOTONLY WITH SEASICKNESS, BUT
  • 00:30:31.371 --> 00:30:32.772
  • ONLY WITH SEASICKNESS, BUTRELIGIOUS CONTROVERSY ON
  • 00:30:32.772 --> 00:30:34.140
  • RELIGIOUS CONTROVERSY ONBOARD THE SHIP.
  • 00:30:34.140 --> 00:30:35.008
  • BOARD THE SHIP.HE STUDIED DILIGENTLY ON
  • 00:30:35.008 --> 00:30:36.876
  • HE STUDIED DILIGENTLY ONSHIPBOARD, ONE CAN
  • 00:30:36.876 --> 00:30:38.278
  • SHIPBOARD, ONE CANIMAGINE, BETWEEN BOUTS OF
  • 00:30:38.278 --> 00:30:39.646
  • IMAGINE, BETWEEN BOUTS OFSEASICKNESS AND OBSERVING
  • 00:30:39.646 --> 00:30:41.714
  • SEASICKNESS AND OBSERVINGTHE FLIGHT OF BIRDS AND
  • 00:30:41.714 --> 00:30:42.849
  • THE FLIGHT OF BIRDS ANDNOTING THE WEATHER IN HIS
  • 00:30:42.849 --> 00:30:45.518
  • NOTING THE WEATHER IN HISJOURNAL.
  • 00:30:45.518 --> 00:30:46.185
  • JOURNAL.- BENNIE: HE'S READING
  • 00:30:46.185 --> 00:30:47.020
  • - BENNIE: HE'S READINGJONATHAN EDWARDS.
  • 00:30:47.020 --> 00:30:48.454
  • JONATHAN EDWARDS.HE'S READING DAVID BRAINERD,
  • 00:30:48.454 --> 00:30:49.289
  • HE'S READING DAVID BRAINERD,THESE AMERICAN HEROES OF
  • 00:30:49.289 --> 00:30:51.124
  • THESE AMERICAN HEROES OFREFORMED FAITH WHO WERE
  • 00:30:51.124 --> 00:30:53.927
  • REFORMED FAITH WHO WEREDOING MISSIONS IN
  • 00:30:53.927 --> 00:30:54.894
  • DOING MISSIONS INNEW ENGLAND WITH NATIVE
  • 00:30:54.894 --> 00:30:55.828
  • NEW ENGLAND WITH NATIVEAMERICAN TRIBES.
  • 00:30:55.828 --> 00:30:57.497
  • AMERICAN TRIBES.AND THESE PEOPLE BECAME
  • 00:30:57.497 --> 00:31:05.104
  • AND THESE PEOPLE BECAMEHIS LITERARY MENTORS.
  • 00:31:05.104 --> 00:31:05.672
  • HIS LITERARY MENTORS.- BENNIE: THEY ARRIVE IN
  • 00:31:05.672 --> 00:31:08.074
  • - BENNIE: THEY ARRIVE INCALCUTTA, AND THEY GO
  • 00:31:08.074 --> 00:31:09.943
  • CALCUTTA, AND THEY GONORTHWARD, SOME-200 MILES
  • 00:31:09.943 --> 00:31:10.710
  • NORTHWARD, SOME-200 MILESAWAY FROM THE CITY, AND
  • 00:31:10.710 --> 00:31:15.148
  • AWAY FROM THE CITY, ANDTHEY MOVE THREE OR FOUR
  • 00:31:15.148 --> 00:31:18.017
  • THEY MOVE THREE OR FOURTIMES IN THAT PERIOD.
  • 00:31:18.017 --> 00:31:18.918
  • TIMES IN THAT PERIOD.THIS IS A VERY REMOTE AREA
  • 00:31:18.918 --> 00:31:20.286
  • THIS IS A VERY REMOTE AREAOF INDIA, AND IT'S A VERY
  • 00:31:20.286 --> 00:31:27.994
  • OF INDIA, AND IT'S A VERYCHALLENGING AREA.
  • 00:31:27.994 --> 00:31:28.594
  • CHALLENGING AREA.- BENNIE: HE IS MAKING A
  • 00:31:28.594 --> 00:31:29.996
  • - BENNIE: HE IS MAKING ALIVING BY WORKING IN AN
  • 00:31:29.996 --> 00:31:32.231
  • LIVING BY WORKING IN ANINDIGO FACTORY.
  • 00:31:32.231 --> 00:31:33.333
  • INDIGO FACTORY.THEY BATTLE CONTINUAL
  • 00:31:33.333 --> 00:31:35.468
  • THEY BATTLE CONTINUALSICKNESSES.
  • 00:31:35.468 --> 00:31:36.936
  • SICKNESSES.THIS FAMILY IS UNDERGOING
  • 00:31:36.936 --> 00:31:42.008
  • THIS FAMILY IS UNDERGOINGTREMENDOUS STRESS.
  • 00:31:42.008 --> 00:31:42.475
  • TREMENDOUS STRESS.- MYRON: ONE OF THEIR
  • 00:31:42.475 --> 00:31:44.677
  • - MYRON: ONE OF THEIRCHILDREN DIES SHORTLY
  • 00:31:44.677 --> 00:31:47.046
  • CHILDREN DIES SHORTLYTHEREAFTER.
  • 00:31:47.046 --> 00:31:48.147
  • THEREAFTER.IN SOME WAYS, DOROTHY
  • 00:31:48.147 --> 00:31:49.816
  • IN SOME WAYS, DOROTHYPROBABLY NEVER RECOVERS
  • 00:31:49.816 --> 00:31:51.317
  • PROBABLY NEVER RECOVERSEMOTIONALLY FROM THE
  • 00:31:51.317 --> 00:31:52.785
  • EMOTIONALLY FROM THESITUATION THAT OCCURS WHEN
  • 00:31:52.785 --> 00:31:55.989
  • SITUATION THAT OCCURS WHENHER CHILD DIES IN INDIA,
  • 00:31:55.989 --> 00:31:56.522
  • HER CHILD DIES IN INDIA,AND THE LOCAL HINDUS AND
  • 00:31:56.522 --> 00:31:58.024
  • AND THE LOCAL HINDUS ANDMUSLIMS AGREE IN REFUSING
  • 00:31:58.024 --> 00:32:01.327
  • MUSLIMS AGREE IN REFUSINGTO BURY A "FIRANGI" CHILD,
  • 00:32:01.327 --> 00:32:03.429
  • TO BURY A "FIRANGI" CHILD,A FOREIGN CHILD, AND THIS
  • 00:32:03.429 --> 00:32:04.297
  • A FOREIGN CHILD, AND THISIS A GREAT, GREAT SHOCK TO
  • 00:32:04.297 --> 00:32:06.132
  • IS A GREAT, GREAT SHOCK TOHER.
  • 00:32:06.132 --> 00:32:06.666
  • HER.IT'S A GREAT SOURCE OF
  • 00:32:06.666 --> 00:32:07.934
  • IT'S A GREAT SOURCE OFGRIEF TO WILLIAM, HER
  • 00:32:07.934 --> 00:32:08.768
  • GRIEF TO WILLIAM, HERHUSBAND, AND TO THE ENTIRE
  • 00:32:08.768 --> 00:32:14.040
  • HUSBAND, AND TO THE ENTIREFAMILY.
  • 00:32:14.040 --> 00:32:14.807
  • FAMILY.- DENNIS: THE YEARS IN
  • 00:32:14.807 --> 00:32:15.375
  • - DENNIS: THE YEARS ININDIA HAD TAKEN THEIR TOLL
  • 00:32:15.375 --> 00:32:15.908
  • INDIA HAD TAKEN THEIR TOLLON DOROTHY.
  • 00:32:15.908 --> 00:32:16.709
  • ON DOROTHY.SHE HAD GROWN WEAKER UNDER
  • 00:32:16.709 --> 00:32:17.977
  • SHE HAD GROWN WEAKER UNDERTHE STRESS OF TRAVEL AND
  • 00:32:17.977 --> 00:32:19.412
  • THE STRESS OF TRAVEL ANDTROPICAL DISEASES.
  • 00:32:19.412 --> 00:32:23.216
  • TROPICAL DISEASES.SHE HAD ALREADY BURIED TWO
  • 00:32:23.216 --> 00:32:23.950
  • SHE HAD ALREADY BURIED TWODAUGHTERS IN ENGLAND, AND
  • 00:32:23.950 --> 00:32:25.284
  • DAUGHTERS IN ENGLAND, ANDNOW THE DEATH OF HER SON
  • 00:32:25.284 --> 00:32:26.285
  • NOW THE DEATH OF HER SONPETER WOULD BECOME THE
  • 00:32:26.285 --> 00:32:30.690
  • - WILLIAM CAREY: DEAR
  • 00:32:32.225 --> 00:32:34.560
  • - WILLIAM CAREY: DEARFATHER, POOR MRS. CAREY,
  • 00:32:34.560 --> 00:32:35.995
  • FATHER, POOR MRS. CAREY,HAS BEEN LONG DERANGED IN
  • 00:32:35.995 --> 00:32:37.597
  • HAS BEEN LONG DERANGED INHER MIND.
  • 00:32:37.597 --> 00:32:39.532
  • HER MIND.SHE HAS OBLIGED TO BE
  • 00:32:39.532 --> 00:32:40.433
  • SHE HAS OBLIGED TO BECONFINED OR CLOSELY
  • 00:32:40.433 --> 00:32:42.135
  • THERE IS, I FEAR, NO
  • 00:32:43.403 --> 00:32:44.737
  • THERE IS, I FEAR, NOREASON TO HOPE THAT SHE
  • 00:32:44.737 --> 00:32:48.374
  • REASON TO HOPE THAT SHEWILL EVER RECOVER.
  • 00:32:48.374 --> 00:32:48.941
  • WILL EVER RECOVER.- MARK: THE OTHER
  • 00:32:48.941 --> 00:32:50.009
  • - MARK: THE OTHERMISSIONARIES TOLD HER TO
  • 00:32:50.009 --> 00:32:51.077
  • MISSIONARIES TOLD HER TOPUT HER IN A MENTAL
  • 00:32:51.077 --> 00:32:52.145
  • PUT HER IN A MENTALASYLUM, BUT HE STILL SAID
  • 00:32:52.145 --> 00:32:54.781
  • ASYLUM, BUT HE STILL SAIDHE'D LOOK AFTER HER,
  • 00:32:54.781 --> 00:32:56.082
  • HE'D LOOK AFTER HER,AND CAREY HAD TO STRUGGLE
  • 00:32:56.082 --> 00:32:58.051
  • AND CAREY HAD TO STRUGGLEWITH THIS IN HIS HOME
  • 00:32:58.051 --> 00:32:59.285
  • WITH THIS IN HIS HOMEWHERE HIS WIFE WOULD BE,
  • 00:32:59.285 --> 00:33:01.020
  • WHERE HIS WIFE WOULD BE,YOU KNOW, HAVING ONE OF
  • 00:33:01.020 --> 00:33:03.022
  • YOU KNOW, HAVING ONE OFHER SPELLS IN THE NEXT
  • 00:33:03.022 --> 00:33:04.223
  • HER SPELLS IN THE NEXTROOM WHILE HE WAS
  • 00:33:04.223 --> 00:33:05.625
  • ROOM WHILE HE WASTRANSLATING THE BIBLE INTO
  • 00:33:05.625 --> 00:33:07.527
  • TRANSLATING THE BIBLE INTOSANSKRIT.
  • 00:33:07.527 --> 00:33:08.061
  • SANSKRIT.- DENNIS: CAREY FINALLY
  • 00:33:08.061 --> 00:33:08.961
  • - DENNIS: CAREY FINALLYWROTE TO A FRIEND, "MY
  • 00:33:08.961 --> 00:33:10.096
  • WROTE TO A FRIEND, "MYPOOR WIFE MUST BE
  • 00:33:10.096 --> 00:33:13.366
  • POOR WIFE MUST BECONSIDERED AS INSANE AND
  • 00:33:13.366 --> 00:33:14.233
  • CONSIDERED AS INSANE ANDIS THE OCCASION OF GREAT
  • 00:33:14.233 --> 00:33:15.902
  • IS THE OCCASION OF GREATSORROW."
  • 00:33:15.902 --> 00:33:16.436
  • SORROW."ON DECEMBER 8TH,
  • 00:33:16.436 --> 00:33:18.571
  • ON DECEMBER 8TH,1807, AT THE AGE OF 51,
  • 00:33:18.571 --> 00:33:20.506
  • 1807, AT THE AGE OF 51,DOROTHY CAREY SUCCUMBED TO
  • 00:33:20.506 --> 00:33:28.448
  • DOROTHY CAREY SUCCUMBED TOFEVER.
  • 00:33:28.448 --> 00:33:29.082
  • FEVER.- MYRON: UP UNTIL 1845,
  • 00:33:29.082 --> 00:33:31.117
  • - MYRON: UP UNTIL 1845,SERAMPORE WAS GOVERNED BY
  • 00:33:31.117 --> 00:33:33.352
  • SERAMPORE WAS GOVERNED BYDENMARK.
  • 00:33:33.352 --> 00:33:34.187
  • DENMARK.THE GOVERNMENT THERE
  • 00:33:34.187 --> 00:33:36.055
  • THE GOVERNMENT THEREINVITED THE BAPTIST
  • 00:33:36.055 --> 00:33:37.557
  • INVITED THE BAPTISTMISSIONARIES TO COME,
  • 00:33:37.557 --> 00:33:38.124
  • MISSIONARIES TO COME,SET UP A PRINTING PRESS,
  • 00:33:38.124 --> 00:33:39.826
  • SET UP A PRINTING PRESS,SET UP A MISSION.
  • 00:33:39.826 --> 00:33:40.626
  • SET UP A MISSION.OF COURSE, THEY ULTIMATELY
  • 00:33:40.626 --> 00:33:41.761
  • OF COURSE, THEY ULTIMATELYFOUNDED A COLLEGE THERE,
  • 00:33:41.761 --> 00:33:42.929
  • FOUNDED A COLLEGE THERE,AND THIS PROVIDED A GREAT
  • 00:33:42.929 --> 00:33:45.198
  • - MARK: SO HE MOVED TO
  • 00:33:46.332 --> 00:33:47.467
  • - MARK: SO HE MOVED TOSERAMPORE, AND THAT'S WHEN
  • 00:33:47.467 --> 00:33:48.868
  • SERAMPORE, AND THAT'S WHENTHEY GOT A BIG HOUSE WHERE
  • 00:33:48.868 --> 00:33:50.269
  • THEY GOT A BIG HOUSE WHERETHEY STARTED A SCHOOL AND
  • 00:33:50.269 --> 00:33:53.406
  • AND THE MISSION WORK
  • 00:33:54.407 --> 00:33:56.175
  • AND THE MISSION WORKSTARTED IN SERAMPORE.
  • 00:33:56.175 --> 00:33:59.112
  • STARTED IN SERAMPORE.THERE WAS NO BIBLE OR
  • 00:33:59.112 --> 00:34:00.346
  • THERE WAS NO BIBLE ORANYTHING TRANSLATED INTO
  • 00:34:00.346 --> 00:34:02.048
  • ANYTHING TRANSLATED INTOAN INDIAN LANGUAGE, IF YOU
  • 00:34:02.048 --> 00:34:03.249
  • AN INDIAN LANGUAGE, IF YOUHAVE TO THINK OF IT, FROM
  • 00:34:03.249 --> 00:34:06.018
  • HAVE TO THINK OF IT, FROMTHE TIME OF APOSTLE
  • 00:34:06.018 --> 00:34:08.287
  • THE TIME OF APOSTLETHOMAS TO THE 1800s,
  • 00:34:08.287 --> 00:34:10.123
  • THOMAS TO THE 1800s,YOU KNOW, 1.800 YEARS AND
  • 00:34:10.123 --> 00:34:10.957
  • YOU KNOW, 1.800 YEARS ANDSTILL NO SCRIPTURE IN
  • 00:34:10.957 --> 00:34:12.358
  • STILL NO SCRIPTURE ININDIAN LANGUAGE.
  • 00:34:12.358 --> 00:34:13.826
  • INDIAN LANGUAGE.- MYRON: ONE OF THE MAJOR
  • 00:34:13.826 --> 00:34:15.261
  • - MYRON: ONE OF THE MAJORCONCERNS OF THE SERAMPORE
  • 00:34:15.261 --> 00:34:16.562
  • CONCERNS OF THE SERAMPOREMISSION FROM THE BEGINNING
  • 00:34:16.562 --> 00:34:18.564
  • MISSION FROM THE BEGINNINGWAS TO ENGAGE IN LANGUAGE
  • 00:34:18.564 --> 00:34:19.899
  • WAS TO ENGAGE IN LANGUAGESTUDY,
  • 00:34:19.899 --> 00:34:21.067
  • STUDY,TRANSLATION WORK,
  • 00:34:21.067 --> 00:34:25.071
  • TRANSLATION WORK,IN ORDER TO PRODUCE COPIES
  • 00:34:25.071 --> 00:34:26.739
  • IN ORDER TO PRODUCE COPIESOF THE BIBLE TO PUT INTO
  • 00:34:26.739 --> 00:34:28.074
  • OF THE BIBLE TO PUT INTOTHE HANDS OF PEOPLE AND
  • 00:34:28.074 --> 00:34:31.344
  • THE HANDS OF PEOPLE ANDCOMMUNITIES.
  • 00:34:31.344 --> 00:34:34.046
  • COMMUNITIES.[MUSIC]
  • 00:34:34.046 --> 00:34:34.614
  • [MUSIC]- BENNIE: IT'S BECAUSE OF
  • 00:34:34.614 --> 00:34:35.081
  • - BENNIE: IT'S BECAUSE OFTHE MISSIONARY THAT
  • 00:34:35.081 --> 00:34:35.882
  • THE MISSIONARY THATLITERACY WAS BROUGHT INTO
  • 00:34:35.882 --> 00:34:37.617
  • HIS BENGALI BIBLE, HE SAYS
  • 00:34:38.985 --> 00:34:41.521
  • HIS BENGALI BIBLE, HE SAYSLATER IN HIS LETTERS, THAT
  • 00:34:41.521 --> 00:34:42.688
  • LATER IN HIS LETTERS, THAT"THAT IS THE BASIS OF MY
  • 00:34:42.688 --> 00:34:45.057
  • I'VE GIVEN MY LIFE TO THE
  • 00:34:46.392 --> 00:34:47.760
  • I'VE GIVEN MY LIFE TO THEBENGALI PEOPLE AND TO
  • 00:34:47.760 --> 00:34:48.794
  • BENGALI PEOPLE AND TOPUTTING THE BIBLE INTO
  • 00:34:48.794 --> 00:34:51.364
  • PUTTING THE BIBLE INTOTHEIR LANGUAGE."
  • 00:34:51.364 --> 00:34:53.432
  • THEIR LANGUAGE."HE GAVE HIS LIFE TO
  • 00:34:53.432 --> 00:34:54.500
  • HE GAVE HIS LIFE TOTHE BENGALI PEOPLE,
  • 00:34:54.500 --> 00:34:55.701
  • THE BENGALI PEOPLE,BUT HIS NUMBER ONE
  • 00:34:55.701 --> 00:34:56.569
  • BUT HIS NUMBER ONECROWNING ACHIEVEMENT WAS
  • 00:34:56.569 --> 00:35:02.041
  • CROWNING ACHIEVEMENT WASTHE BENGALI BIBLE.
  • 00:35:02.041 --> 00:35:02.542
  • THE BENGALI BIBLE.- WILLIAM CAREY:
  • 00:35:02.542 --> 00:35:03.743
  • - WILLIAM CAREY:SEPTEMBER 16TH, 1807,
  • 00:35:03.743 --> 00:35:06.345
  • SEPTEMBER 16TH, 1807,IT IS WITH GREAT DIFFICULTY
  • 00:35:06.345 --> 00:35:08.714
  • IT IS WITH GREAT DIFFICULTYTHAT I CAN ALLOW MYSELF
  • 00:35:08.714 --> 00:35:10.216
  • THAT I CAN ALLOW MYSELFTIME TO WRITE TO MY
  • 00:35:10.216 --> 00:35:11.284
  • TIME TO WRITE TO MYDEAREST FRIENDS.
  • 00:35:11.284 --> 00:35:12.518
  • DEAREST FRIENDS.I CONSIDER THE WORK OF
  • 00:35:12.518 --> 00:35:13.920
  • I CONSIDER THE WORK OFTRANSLATING THE SCRIPTURES
  • 00:35:13.920 --> 00:35:15.888
  • TRANSLATING THE SCRIPTURESINTO THE ORIENTAL
  • 00:35:15.888 --> 00:35:16.622
  • INTO THE ORIENTALLANGUAGES AN UNDERTAKING
  • 00:35:16.622 --> 00:35:18.191
  • LANGUAGES AN UNDERTAKINGOF SO MUCH IMPORTANCE THAT
  • 00:35:18.191 --> 00:35:19.759
  • OF SO MUCH IMPORTANCE THATI COUNT ALL MY TIME LOST
  • 00:35:19.759 --> 00:35:27.266
  • I COUNT ALL MY TIME LOSTWHICH IS NOT SPENT UPON THAT.
  • 00:35:27.266 --> 00:35:27.800
  • WHICH IS NOT SPENT UPON THAT.- MARK: HISTORICALLY, IF
  • 00:35:27.800 --> 00:35:28.301
  • - MARK: HISTORICALLY, IFYOU DID CONVERT TO
  • 00:35:28.301 --> 00:35:29.669
  • YOU DID CONVERT TOCHRISTIANITY, YOUR FAMILY
  • 00:35:29.669 --> 00:35:32.738
  • CHRISTIANITY, YOUR FAMILYWOULD DEFINITELY DISOWN YOU.
  • 00:35:32.738 --> 00:35:33.272
  • WOULD DEFINITELY DISOWN YOU.YOU WOULD LOSE ALL YOUR
  • 00:35:33.272 --> 00:35:35.274
  • YOU WOULD LOSE ALL YOURINHERITANCE.
  • 00:35:35.274 --> 00:35:35.908
  • INHERITANCE.YOU WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO
  • 00:35:35.908 --> 00:35:37.543
  • YOU WOULD NOT BE ABLE TOFIND A SPOUSE, A HUSBAND
  • 00:35:37.543 --> 00:35:38.611
  • FIND A SPOUSE, A HUSBANDOR A WIFE, BECAUSE YOU
  • 00:35:38.611 --> 00:35:40.680
  • OR A WIFE, BECAUSE YOUWOULD ONLY MARRY WITHIN
  • 00:35:40.680 --> 00:35:43.015
  • WOULD ONLY MARRY WITHINYOUR OWN CASTE.
  • 00:35:43.015 --> 00:35:44.150
  • YOUR OWN CASTE.YOU'D HAVE HAD NO ACCESS
  • 00:35:44.150 --> 00:35:46.452
  • YOU'D HAVE HAD NO ACCESSTO THE FAMILY MONEY,
  • 00:35:46.452 --> 00:35:47.887
  • TO THE FAMILY MONEY,PROPERTY, OR BUSINESS.
  • 00:35:47.887 --> 00:35:48.421
  • PROPERTY, OR BUSINESS.- MYRON: EVERYTHING WAS
  • 00:35:48.421 --> 00:35:49.755
  • - MYRON: EVERYTHING WASAT STAKE FOR THEM.
  • 00:35:49.755 --> 00:35:50.590
  • AT STAKE FOR THEM.IT WAS SOCIAL, RELIGIOUS,
  • 00:35:50.590 --> 00:35:51.524
  • IT WAS SOCIAL, RELIGIOUS,AND CULTURAL SUICIDE TO
  • 00:35:51.524 --> 00:35:56.329
  • AND CULTURAL SUICIDE TOBECOME A CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:35:56.329 --> 00:35:56.929
  • BECOME A CHRISTIAN.- BENNIE: HE OBSERVED
  • 00:35:56.929 --> 00:35:58.231
  • - BENNIE: HE OBSERVEDCASTE FROM THE MOMENT HE
  • 00:35:58.231 --> 00:35:58.931
  • CASTE FROM THE MOMENT HESETS FOOT IN INDIA.
  • 00:35:58.931 --> 00:36:00.166
  • SETS FOOT IN INDIA.HE DOES NOT HAVE REGARD
  • 00:36:00.166 --> 00:36:01.867
  • HE DOES NOT HAVE REGARDFOR CASTE.
  • 00:36:01.867 --> 00:36:02.969
  • FOR CASTE.HE PREACHES TO THE
  • 00:36:02.969 --> 00:36:03.936
  • HE PREACHES TO THEWEALTHY, TO THE POOR, TO
  • 00:36:03.936 --> 00:36:06.072
  • WEALTHY, TO THE POOR, TOTHE EDUCATED, TO THE
  • 00:36:06.072 --> 00:36:07.640
  • THE EDUCATED, TO THEILLITERATE, AND HE MAKES
  • 00:36:07.640 --> 00:36:09.308
  • ILLITERATE, AND HE MAKESNO REGARD FOR THEIR
  • 00:36:09.308 --> 00:36:12.945
  • NO REGARD FOR THEIRSTATION IN LIFE.
  • 00:36:12.945 --> 00:36:13.446
  • STATION IN LIFE.- MYRON: THE FIRST
  • 00:36:13.446 --> 00:36:15.181
  • - MYRON: THE FIRSTCONVERT FAMOUSLY WAS
  • 00:36:15.181 --> 00:36:20.086
  • CONVERT FAMOUSLY WASSOMEONE NAMED KRISHNA PAL.
  • 00:36:20.086 --> 00:36:21.153
  • SOMEONE NAMED KRISHNA PAL.FOLKS AT THE SERAMPORE
  • 00:36:21.153 --> 00:36:22.054
  • FOLKS AT THE SERAMPOREMISSION WITNESSED TO HIM,
  • 00:36:22.054 --> 00:36:24.357
  • MISSION WITNESSED TO HIM,AND HE WAS THE FIRST ONE
  • 00:36:24.357 --> 00:36:30.396
  • AND HE WAS THE FIRST ONETO BE BAPTIZED THERE.
  • 00:36:30.396 --> 00:36:31.030
  • TO BE BAPTIZED THERE.- MARK: INDIA HAS A
  • 00:36:31.030 --> 00:36:32.231
  • - MARK: INDIA HAS ACULTURE OF PEOPLE WASHING
  • 00:36:32.231 --> 00:36:34.166
  • CULTURE OF PEOPLE WASHINGTHEMSELVES IN WATER TO GET
  • 00:36:34.166 --> 00:36:37.303
  • THEMSELVES IN WATER TO GETRID OF THEIR SINS, SO
  • 00:36:37.303 --> 00:36:38.804
  • RID OF THEIR SINS, SOBAPTISM TO INDIA WOULD'VE
  • 00:36:38.804 --> 00:36:40.840
  • BAPTISM TO INDIA WOULD'VEBEEN-- THEY WOULD'VE BEEN
  • 00:36:40.840 --> 00:36:42.608
  • BEEN-- THEY WOULD'VE BEENABLE TO RELATE IT IN SOME
  • 00:36:42.608 --> 00:36:45.244
  • ABLE TO RELATE IT IN SOMEWAY TO THE HINDU RELIGION
  • 00:36:45.244 --> 00:36:46.012
  • WAY TO THE HINDU RELIGIONBUT ALSO AS A SIGN OF THAT
  • 00:36:46.012 --> 00:36:48.614
  • BUT ALSO AS A SIGN OF THATYOU ARE NOW CHRISTIAN, AND
  • 00:36:48.614 --> 00:36:49.815
  • YOU ARE NOW CHRISTIAN, ANDYOU HAVE A NEW FAITH.
  • 00:36:49.815 --> 00:36:51.417
  • YOU HAVE A NEW FAITH.THAT WOULD'VE BEEN A BIG
  • 00:36:51.417 --> 00:36:57.390
  • THAT WOULD'VE BEEN A BIGGAME CHANGER.
  • 00:36:57.390 --> 00:36:58.291
  • GAME CHANGER.- MYRON: KRISHNA PAL'S
  • 00:36:58.291 --> 00:37:00.359
  • - MYRON: KRISHNA PAL'SCONVERSION PROVED TO BE AN
  • 00:37:00.359 --> 00:37:01.694
  • CONVERSION PROVED TO BE ANEXAMPLE TO OTHERS, TO
  • 00:37:01.694 --> 00:37:05.331
  • EXAMPLE TO OTHERS, TOENCOURAGE THEM, TO SHOW
  • 00:37:05.331 --> 00:37:08.467
  • ENCOURAGE THEM, TO SHOWTHEM THAT IT WAS POSSIBLE,
  • 00:37:08.467 --> 00:37:11.904
  • THEM THAT IT WAS POSSIBLE,SURVIVABLE TO BECOME A NEW
  • 00:37:11.904 --> 00:37:19.845
  • SURVIVABLE TO BECOME A NEWINDIAN CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:37:19.845 --> 00:37:20.646
  • INDIAN CHRISTIAN.- BENNIE: 1796, HE SEES
  • 00:37:20.646 --> 00:37:21.914
  • - BENNIE: 1796, HE SEESHIS FIRST EXAMPLE OF
  • 00:37:21.914 --> 00:37:26.819
  • "SATI," THE ANCIENT INDIAN
  • 00:37:28.654 --> 00:37:31.991
  • "SATI," THE ANCIENT INDIANPRACTICE OF A WOMAN WHO IS
  • 00:37:31.991 --> 00:37:34.827
  • WHO CLIMBS ON HIS FUNERAL
  • 00:37:38.431 --> 00:37:40.333
  • WHO CLIMBS ON HIS FUNERALPYRE AND BURNS WITH THE
  • 00:37:40.333 --> 00:37:42.768
  • PYRE AND BURNS WITH THECORPSE, AND THE STATUS OF
  • 00:37:42.768 --> 00:37:45.571
  • CORPSE, AND THE STATUS OFTHAT IS THAT, IF YOU DO
  • 00:37:45.571 --> 00:37:47.873
  • THAT IS THAT, IF YOU DOTHAT, YOU WILL EFFECT THE
  • 00:37:47.873 --> 00:37:49.041
  • THAT, YOU WILL EFFECT THEFORGIVENESS OF SINS TO THE
  • 00:37:49.041 --> 00:37:50.643
  • FORGIVENESS OF SINS TO THETHIRD AND FOURTH
  • 00:37:50.643 --> 00:37:54.780
  • THIRD AND FOURTHGENERATION IN YOUR FAMILY.
  • 00:37:54.780 --> 00:37:56.882
  • GENERATION IN YOUR FAMILY.HUNDREDS OF SATI EVENTS
  • 00:37:56.882 --> 00:37:59.051
  • HUNDREDS OF SATI EVENTSTHAT OCCURRED IN BENGAL,
  • 00:37:59.051 --> 00:37:59.952
  • THAT OCCURRED IN BENGAL,THE BRITISH KEPT RECORDS
  • 00:37:59.952 --> 00:38:00.786
  • THE BRITISH KEPT RECORDSOF THIS ON AN ANNUAL
  • 00:38:00.786 --> 00:38:02.254
  • OF THIS ON AN ANNUALBASIS.
  • 00:38:02.254 --> 00:38:04.357
  • BASIS.THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO WERE
  • 00:38:04.357 --> 00:38:05.991
  • THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO WEREAS YOUNG AS FOUR YEARS OLD
  • 00:38:05.991 --> 00:38:07.660
  • AS YOUNG AS FOUR YEARS OLDMARRIED TO SOMEONE, AND
  • 00:38:07.660 --> 00:38:09.562
  • MARRIED TO SOMEONE, ANDSOME AS OLD AS 92, MARRIED
  • 00:38:09.562 --> 00:38:11.163
  • SOME AS OLD AS 92, MARRIEDTO A PERSON WHO WERE
  • 00:38:11.163 --> 00:38:14.133
  • TO A PERSON WHO WERECOMMITTING SATI.
  • 00:38:14.133 --> 00:38:17.136
  • COMMITTING SATI.FROM 1796 UNTIL 1829,
  • 00:38:17.136 --> 00:38:18.904
  • FROM 1796 UNTIL 1829,CAREY CAMPAIGNED WITH
  • 00:38:18.904 --> 00:38:20.673
  • CAREY CAMPAIGNED WITHWHOEVER WOULD LISTEN TO
  • 00:38:20.673 --> 00:38:22.975
  • WHOEVER WOULD LISTEN TOHIM SAY, "WE NEED TO
  • 00:38:22.975 --> 00:38:25.177
  • HIM SAY, "WE NEED TOABOLISH SATI."
  • 00:38:25.177 --> 00:38:26.545
  • ABOLISH SATI."SATI WAS ABOLISHED BY THE
  • 00:38:26.545 --> 00:38:28.748
  • SATI WAS ABOLISHED BY THEGOVERNOR GENERAL,
  • 00:38:28.748 --> 00:38:31.250
  • GOVERNOR GENERAL,WILLIAM BENTINCK, IN 1829.
  • 00:38:31.250 --> 00:38:33.753
  • WILLIAM BENTINCK, IN 1829.THAT WAS 33 YEARS AFTER
  • 00:38:33.753 --> 00:38:35.554
  • THAT WAS 33 YEARS AFTERCAREY FIRST SAW IT,
  • 00:38:35.554 --> 00:38:36.389
  • CAREY FIRST SAW IT,AND THE ENTIRE TIME,
  • 00:38:36.389 --> 00:38:49.769
  • AND THE ENTIRE TIME,HE GAVE HIS LIFE TO STOP IT.
  • 00:38:49.769 --> 00:38:52.171
  • JOSHUA MARSHMANN HAD
  • 00:38:54.407 --> 00:38:57.543
  • AND THESE NATIVE SCHOOLS,
  • 00:38:58.711 --> 00:39:00.079
  • AND THESE NATIVE SCHOOLS,OF COURSE, HAD YOUNG BOYS,
  • 00:39:00.079 --> 00:39:02.448
  • OF COURSE, HAD YOUNG BOYS,AND THEY ALSO DID
  • 00:39:02.448 --> 00:39:03.282
  • AND THEY ALSO DIDSOMETHING RADICAL FOR
  • 00:39:03.282 --> 00:39:04.116
  • SOMETHING RADICAL FORTHEIR TIME.
  • 00:39:04.116 --> 00:39:06.051
  • THEIR TIME.THEY ADMITTED FEMALES.
  • 00:39:06.051 --> 00:39:09.889
  • THEY ADMITTED FEMALES.[MUSIC]
  • 00:39:09.889 --> 00:39:10.890
  • [MUSIC]- BENNIE: THERE WERE
  • 00:39:10.890 --> 00:39:11.791
  • - BENNIE: THERE WEREUPWARDS OF 10.000 STUDENTS
  • 00:39:11.791 --> 00:39:13.993
  • UPWARDS OF 10.000 STUDENTSTHAT BECAME THE BASIS OF
  • 00:39:13.993 --> 00:39:16.662
  • THAT BECAME THE BASIS OFSERAMPORE COLLEGE,
  • 00:39:16.662 --> 00:39:19.331
  • - BENNIE: THE WHOLE POINT
  • 00:39:24.236 --> 00:39:24.804
  • - BENNIE: THE WHOLE POINTOF THE SCHOOLS WAS TO GET
  • 00:39:24.804 --> 00:39:26.071
  • OF THE SCHOOLS WAS TO GETTHE STUDENTS TO A POINT
  • 00:39:26.071 --> 00:39:27.206
  • THE STUDENTS TO A POINTWHERE THEY COULD READ
  • 00:39:27.206 --> 00:39:28.307
  • WHERE THEY COULD READTHEIR OWN LANGUAGE AND
  • 00:39:28.307 --> 00:39:32.611
  • THEIR OWN LANGUAGE ANDTHEN BE HANDED A BIBLE,
  • 00:39:32.611 --> 00:39:33.579
  • THEN BE HANDED A BIBLE,TO PUT THE WORD OF GOD IN THE
  • 00:39:33.579 --> 00:39:36.582
  • TO PUT THE WORD OF GOD IN THEHANDS OF NATIVE INDIANS IN
  • 00:39:36.582 --> 00:39:37.349
  • HANDS OF NATIVE INDIANS INTHEIR OWN LANGUAGE.
  • 00:39:37.349 --> 00:39:38.751
  • THEIR OWN LANGUAGE.IT'S A BRILLIANT WAY TO
  • 00:39:38.751 --> 00:39:40.986
  • IT'S A BRILLIANT WAY TOEVANGELIZE, BUT IT
  • 00:39:40.986 --> 00:39:43.222
  • EVANGELIZE, BUT ITREQUIRES FULL-TIME
  • 00:39:43.222 --> 00:39:43.756
  • REQUIRES FULL-TIMEATTENTION, AND YOU DON'T
  • 00:39:43.756 --> 00:39:47.359
  • ATTENTION, AND YOU DON'TGO HOME.
  • 00:39:47.359 --> 00:39:48.661
  • GO HOME.HE'S IN INDIA FOR ALMOST
  • 00:39:48.661 --> 00:39:51.864
  • THE MOST FAMOUS QUOTE FROM
  • 00:39:57.236 --> 00:39:59.438
  • THE MOST FAMOUS QUOTE FROMWILLIAM CAREY IS "ATTEMPT
  • 00:39:59.438 --> 00:40:02.708
  • EXPECT GREAT THINGS FROM GOD."
  • 00:40:06.645 --> 00:40:07.146
  • EXPECT GREAT THINGS FROM GOD."CAREY WAS COMMITTED TO
  • 00:40:07.146 --> 00:40:07.680
  • CAREY WAS COMMITTED TOTHAT REFORMATION
  • 00:40:07.680 --> 00:40:09.181
  • THAT REFORMATIONPRINCIPLE.
  • 00:40:09.181 --> 00:40:09.982
  • PRINCIPLE.HE BELIEVED THAT "THE
  • 00:40:09.982 --> 00:40:11.817
  • HE BELIEVED THAT "THEBIBLE WAS THE CENTERPIECE
  • 00:40:11.817 --> 00:40:13.385
  • BIBLE WAS THE CENTERPIECEOF EVANGELIZATION,
  • 00:40:13.385 --> 00:40:15.621
  • OF EVANGELIZATION,NOT AN EXPERIENCE, NOT MY
  • 00:40:15.621 --> 00:40:18.057
  • NOT AN EXPERIENCE, NOT MYWITNESS, BUT THE HOLY BOOK."
  • 00:40:18.057 --> 00:40:20.759
  • WITNESS, BUT THE HOLY BOOK."BUT HE'S RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
  • 00:40:20.759 --> 00:40:22.161
  • BUT HE'S RESPONSIBLE FOR THEBIBLICAL TRANSLATION OF AT
  • 00:40:22.161 --> 00:40:24.029
  • BIBLICAL TRANSLATION OF ATLEAST 17 LANGUAGES, BEGAN
  • 00:40:24.029 --> 00:40:25.798
  • LEAST 17 LANGUAGES, BEGANTO EVANGELIZE TRAVEL
  • 00:40:25.798 --> 00:40:27.266
  • TO EVANGELIZE TRAVELGROUPS THAT WERE ALL
  • 00:40:27.266 --> 00:40:29.268
  • GROUPS THAT WERE ALLTHROUGHOUT THE NORTHEAST
  • 00:40:29.268 --> 00:40:30.035
  • THROUGHOUT THE NORTHEASTWHICH BECAME A HUGE MOVEMENT.
  • 00:40:30.035 --> 00:40:30.836
  • WHICH BECAME A HUGE MOVEMENT.AND, OF COURSE, THERE'S
  • 00:40:30.836 --> 00:40:31.971
  • AND, OF COURSE, THERE'SCERTAINLY THOSE STILL
  • 00:40:31.971 --> 00:40:32.671
  • CERTAINLY THOSE STILLTODAY, THE LARGEST
  • 00:40:32.671 --> 00:40:33.839
  • TODAY, THE LARGESTCONCENTRATIONS OF
  • 00:40:33.839 --> 00:40:34.406
  • CONCENTRATIONS OFCHRISTIANS THAT WE HAVE IN
  • 00:40:34.406 --> 00:40:40.045
  • CHRISTIANS THAT WE HAVE INOUR NATION.
  • 00:40:40.045 --> 00:40:40.880
  • OUR NATION.- BENNIE: CAREY, THAT'S
  • 00:40:40.880 --> 00:40:41.313
  • - BENNIE: CAREY, THAT'SHIS COMMITMENT.
  • 00:40:41.313 --> 00:40:42.181
  • HIS COMMITMENT.THAT'S THE SERAMPORE MISSION.
  • 00:40:42.181 --> 00:40:43.349
  • THAT'S THE SERAMPORE MISSION.IT ALL CONTRIBUTES TO THAT
  • 00:40:43.349 --> 00:40:44.783
  • IT ALL CONTRIBUTES TO THATONE NOTION, "DOES JESUS
  • 00:40:44.783 --> 00:40:48.554
  • ONE NOTION, "DOES JESUSMAKE OUR LIVES BETTER?"
  • 00:40:48.554 --> 00:40:49.722
  • MAKE OUR LIVES BETTER?"AND HE GAVE HIS LIFE TO
  • 00:40:49.722 --> 00:40:51.023
  • AND HE GAVE HIS LIFE TOSAY THAT IT DOES, AND WARD
  • 00:40:51.023 --> 00:40:54.026
  • SAY THAT IT DOES, AND WARDGAVE HIS LIFE;
  • 00:40:54.026 --> 00:40:55.027
  • GAVE HIS LIFE;MARSHMANN GAVE HIS LIFE.
  • 00:40:55.027 --> 00:40:55.594
  • MARSHMANN GAVE HIS LIFE.THESE ARE MISSIONARIES WHO
  • 00:40:55.594 --> 00:40:58.697
  • THESE ARE MISSIONARIES WHODON'T GO HOME.
  • 00:40:58.697 --> 00:40:59.665
  • DON'T GO HOME.THEY'RE BURIED IN INDIA.
  • 00:40:59.665 --> 00:41:00.132
  • THEY'RE BURIED IN INDIA.THEY'RE ALL BURIED
  • 00:41:00.132 --> 00:41:01.367
  • THEY'RE ALL BURIEDTOGETHER IN THE MISSION
  • 00:41:01.367 --> 00:41:07.806
  • TOGETHER IN THE MISSIONBURIAL GROUND IN SERAMPORE.
  • 00:41:07.806 --> 00:41:08.841
  • BURIAL GROUND IN SERAMPORE.- DENNIS: PIONEERS LIKE
  • 00:41:08.841 --> 00:41:10.042
  • - DENNIS: PIONEERS LIKEWILLIAM CAREY WOULD BE AN
  • 00:41:10.042 --> 00:41:11.410
  • WILLIAM CAREY WOULD BE ANINSPIRATION TO GENERATIONS
  • 00:41:11.410 --> 00:41:12.945
  • INSPIRATION TO GENERATIONSOF MISSIONARIES, INCLUDING
  • 00:41:12.945 --> 00:41:14.580
  • OF MISSIONARIES, INCLUDINGHUDSON TAYLOR, BUT EVEN
  • 00:41:14.580 --> 00:41:16.982
  • HUDSON TAYLOR, BUT EVENWITH GREAT SUCCESS,
  • 00:41:16.982 --> 00:41:18.551
  • WITH GREAT SUCCESS,CHRISTIANITY WAS
  • 00:41:18.551 --> 00:41:21.520
  • CHRISTIANITY WASMISUNDERSTOOD BECAUSE IT
  • 00:41:21.520 --> 00:41:23.589
  • MISUNDERSTOOD BECAUSE ITWAS TOO OFTEN ASSOCIATED
  • 00:41:23.589 --> 00:41:25.291
  • WAS TOO OFTEN ASSOCIATEDWITH IMPERIAL POWER.
  • 00:41:25.291 --> 00:41:27.092
  • WITH IMPERIAL POWER.IT SEEMED THAT EVERY STEP
  • 00:41:27.092 --> 00:41:27.960
  • IT SEEMED THAT EVERY STEPFORWARD WAS FOLLOWED BY
  • 00:41:27.960 --> 00:41:32.264
  • FORWARD WAS FOLLOWED BYTWO STEPS BACK.
  • 00:41:32.264 --> 00:41:32.831
  • TWO STEPS BACK.- SCOTT W.: EVERYWHERE IT
  • 00:41:32.831 --> 00:41:33.532
  • - SCOTT W.: EVERYWHERE ITSPREAD, IT SPREAD AS AN
  • 00:41:33.532 --> 00:41:34.867
  • SPREAD, IT SPREAD AS ANIMPERIAL POWER.
  • 00:41:34.867 --> 00:41:37.036
  • IMPERIAL POWER.FOR EXAMPLE, IN CHINA,
  • 00:41:37.036 --> 00:41:39.305
  • FOR EXAMPLE, IN CHINA,A SHIP WOULD BE COMING UP
  • 00:41:39.305 --> 00:41:41.340
  • A SHIP WOULD BE COMING UPTHE YANGTZE RIVER,
  • 00:41:41.340 --> 00:41:42.875
  • THE YANGTZE RIVER,AND WHAT WAS ON THAT SHIP?
  • 00:41:42.875 --> 00:41:44.009
  • AND WHAT WAS ON THAT SHIP?OPIUM, MISSIONARIES,
  • 00:41:44.009 --> 00:41:46.478
  • OPIUM, MISSIONARIES,BIBLES.
  • 00:41:46.478 --> 00:41:47.379
  • BIBLES.AND SO THE CHINESE LOOK,
  • 00:41:47.379 --> 00:41:48.013
  • AND SO THE CHINESE LOOK,AND THEY SAY, "OH, HERE
  • 00:41:48.013 --> 00:41:48.981
  • AND THEY SAY, "OH, HERECOME MORE OF THESE
  • 00:41:48.981 --> 00:41:49.715
  • COME MORE OF THESEFOREIGNERS, YOU KNOW,
  • 00:41:49.715 --> 00:41:50.749
  • FOREIGNERS, YOU KNOW,BRINGING THEIR FOREIGN
  • 00:41:50.749 --> 00:41:51.283
  • BRINGING THEIR FOREIGNINFLUENCE, AND WHAT'S
  • 00:41:51.283 --> 00:41:52.184
  • INFLUENCE, AND WHAT'STHEIR FOREIGN INFLUENCE?
  • 00:41:52.184 --> 00:41:53.419
  • THEIR FOREIGN INFLUENCE?HERETICAL TEACHINGS,
  • 00:41:53.419 --> 00:41:54.687
  • HERETICAL TEACHINGS,AND THEY'RE TRYING TO
  • 00:41:54.687 --> 00:41:56.055
  • AND THEY'RE TRYING TOMAKE ALL OF OUR PEOPLE
  • 00:41:56.055 --> 00:41:57.489
  • MAKE ALL OF OUR PEOPLEADDICTED TO DRUGS."
  • 00:41:57.489 --> 00:41:59.191
  • ADDICTED TO DRUGS."NOW, OPIUM HAD
  • 00:41:59.191 --> 00:42:00.793
  • NOW, OPIUM HADBEEN IN CHINA BEFORE,
  • 00:42:00.793 --> 00:42:02.394
  • BEEN IN CHINA BEFORE,BUT THE BRITISH FOUND IT'D BE
  • 00:42:02.394 --> 00:42:03.228
  • BUT THE BRITISH FOUND IT'D BEA GREAT WAY TO BALANCE
  • 00:42:03.228 --> 00:42:05.297
  • A GREAT WAY TO BALANCETHEIR TRADE BUDGET.
  • 00:42:05.297 --> 00:42:06.131
  • THEIR TRADE BUDGET.AND WITHIN ABOUT 15 OR 20
  • 00:42:06.131 --> 00:42:09.034
  • AND WITHIN ABOUT 15 OR 20YEARS OF BRINGING THIS
  • 00:42:09.034 --> 00:42:09.868
  • YEARS OF BRINGING THISOPIUM FROM NORTHERN INDIA
  • 00:42:09.868 --> 00:42:11.236
  • OPIUM FROM NORTHERN INDIATHAT THEY WERE GROWING
  • 00:42:11.236 --> 00:42:12.571
  • THAT THEY WERE GROWINGINTO CHINA, THEY HAD
  • 00:42:12.571 --> 00:42:13.539
  • INTO CHINA, THEY HADREVERSED THE TRADE
  • 00:42:13.539 --> 00:42:15.240
  • REVERSED THE TRADEBALANCE, AND CHINA BEGAN
  • 00:42:15.240 --> 00:42:16.542
  • BALANCE, AND CHINA BEGANSLOWLY BECOME IMPOVERISHED
  • 00:42:16.542 --> 00:42:18.077
  • SLOWLY BECOME IMPOVERISHEDBECAUSE OF ADDICTION TO
  • 00:42:18.077 --> 00:42:19.311
  • BECAUSE OF ADDICTION TOOPIUM, AND THUS, WE HAD
  • 00:42:19.311 --> 00:42:21.914
  • OPIUM, AND THUS, WE HADTHE OPIUM WARS AND UNEQUAL
  • 00:42:21.914 --> 00:42:23.549
  • THE OPIUM WARS AND UNEQUALTRADE TREATIES BEGINNING
  • 00:42:23.549 --> 00:42:28.487
  • TRADE TREATIES BEGINNINGIN THE 1840s AND '50s.
  • 00:42:28.487 --> 00:42:29.054
  • IN THE 1840s AND '50s.- SCOTT W.: MISSIONARIES
  • 00:42:29.054 --> 00:42:29.622
  • - SCOTT W.: MISSIONARIESFELT THEY HAD SUCH A GOOD,
  • 00:42:29.622 --> 00:42:31.490
  • FELT THEY HAD SUCH A GOOD,PURE MESSAGE THAT WAS
  • 00:42:31.490 --> 00:42:33.192
  • PURE MESSAGE THAT WASNEEDED FOR THE COUNTRY
  • 00:42:33.192 --> 00:42:36.295
  • NEEDED FOR THE COUNTRYTHAT THEY SHOULD GET THERE
  • 00:42:36.295 --> 00:42:37.096
  • THAT THEY SHOULD GET THEREANY WAY THEY COULD.
  • 00:42:37.096 --> 00:42:37.596
  • ANY WAY THEY COULD.I WOULD SAY THAT THE
  • 00:42:37.596 --> 00:42:38.764
  • I WOULD SAY THAT THEBIGGEST HANDICAP THEY HAD
  • 00:42:38.764 --> 00:42:40.699
  • BIGGEST HANDICAP THEY HADWAS BEING IDENTIFIED WITH
  • 00:42:40.699 --> 00:42:46.305
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:42:50.309 --> 00:42:54.613
  • [MUSIC]- DENNIS: CHINA 1850,
  • 00:42:54.613 --> 00:42:56.015
  • - DENNIS: CHINA 1850,HONG XUIQUAN, WHO
  • 00:42:56.015 --> 00:42:56.749
  • HONG XUIQUAN, WHOCONSIDERED HIMSELF A
  • 00:42:56.749 --> 00:42:57.449
  • CONSIDERED HIMSELF ACHRISTIAN, PROCLAIMED HE
  • 00:42:57.449 --> 00:42:58.150
  • CHRISTIAN, PROCLAIMED HEWAS THE BROTHER OF
  • 00:42:58.150 --> 00:42:59.752
  • WAS THE BROTHER OFJESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:42:59.752 --> 00:43:00.519
  • JESUS CHRIST.HE LAUNCHED A RELIGIOUS
  • 00:43:00.519 --> 00:43:01.153
  • HE LAUNCHED A RELIGIOUSAND POLITICAL REVOLUTION
  • 00:43:01.153 --> 00:43:02.287
  • AND POLITICAL REVOLUTIONBY OVERTHROWING THE
  • 00:43:02.287 --> 00:43:03.222
  • BY OVERTHROWING THEGOVERNMENT AND SETTING UP
  • 00:43:03.222 --> 00:43:06.492
  • GOVERNMENT AND SETTING UPA HEAVENLY KINGDOM ON EARTH.
  • 00:43:06.492 --> 00:43:07.026
  • A HEAVENLY KINGDOM ON EARTH.BECAUSE THE MOVEMENT
  • 00:43:07.026 --> 00:43:08.127
  • BECAUSE THE MOVEMENTGAINED THE SUPPORT OF
  • 00:43:08.127 --> 00:43:08.861
  • GAINED THE SUPPORT OFMILLIONS OF PEOPLE IN
  • 00:43:08.861 --> 00:43:09.895
  • THE GOVERNMENT REACTED
  • 00:43:10.896 --> 00:43:12.398
  • THE GOVERNMENT REACTEDWITH FORCE.
  • 00:43:12.398 --> 00:43:12.898
  • WITH FORCE.THE CONFLICT WAS
  • 00:43:12.898 --> 00:43:13.666
  • THE CONFLICT WASCONSIDERED ONE OF THE
  • 00:43:13.666 --> 00:43:14.700
  • CONSIDERED ONE OF THEBLOODIEST WARS IN HUMAN
  • 00:43:14.700 --> 00:43:15.701
  • BLOODIEST WARS IN HUMANHISTORY.
  • 00:43:15.701 --> 00:43:16.135
  • HISTORY.IT WAS CERTAINLY THE
  • 00:43:16.135 --> 00:43:17.369
  • IT WAS CERTAINLY THEBLOODIEST CIVIL WAR AND
  • 00:43:17.369 --> 00:43:18.504
  • BLOODIEST CIVIL WAR ANDTHE LARGEST CONFLICT OF
  • 00:43:18.504 --> 00:43:20.973
  • THE LARGEST CONFLICT OFTHE 19TH CENTURY.
  • 00:43:20.973 --> 00:43:22.341
  • THE 19TH CENTURY.WITHIN 14 YEARS, BETWEEN
  • 00:43:22.341 --> 00:43:24.109
  • WITHIN 14 YEARS, BETWEEN10 AND 30 MILLION CHINESE
  • 00:43:24.109 --> 00:43:25.277
  • 10 AND 30 MILLION CHINESECITIZENS HAD BEEN KILLED.
  • 00:43:25.277 --> 00:43:27.312
  • CITIZENS HAD BEEN KILLED.ALTHOUGH HONG'S BELIEFS
  • 00:43:27.312 --> 00:43:28.881
  • ALTHOUGH HONG'S BELIEFSWEREN'T BIBLICAL, BECAUSE
  • 00:43:28.881 --> 00:43:30.215
  • WEREN'T BIBLICAL, BECAUSEHE IDENTIFIED HIMSELF AS A
  • 00:43:30.215 --> 00:43:31.750
  • HE IDENTIFIED HIMSELF AS ACHRISTIAN, ANOTHER WALL
  • 00:43:31.750 --> 00:43:38.991
  • CHRISTIAN, ANOTHER WALLHAD JUST GONE UP.
  • 00:43:38.991 --> 00:43:39.558
  • HAD JUST GONE UP.- JAMIE TAYLOR: CHINA WAS
  • 00:43:39.558 --> 00:43:40.092
  • - JAMIE TAYLOR: CHINA WASOBVIOUSLY STILL A VERY--
  • 00:43:40.092 --> 00:43:41.160
  • OBVIOUSLY STILL A VERY--WHAT WE WOULD
  • 00:43:41.160 --> 00:43:43.295
  • WHAT WE WOULDMAYBE CALL A "CLOSED COUNTRY."
  • 00:43:43.295 --> 00:43:43.996
  • MAYBE CALL A "CLOSED COUNTRY."IT WAS VERY DIFFICULT
  • 00:43:43.996 --> 00:43:46.331
  • IT WAS VERY DIFFICULTFOR, REALLY,
  • 00:43:46.331 --> 00:43:48.400
  • FOR, REALLY,WESTERNERS TO GAIN ACCESS
  • 00:43:48.400 --> 00:43:54.440
  • WESTERNERS TO GAIN ACCESSTO THE WHOLE OF CHINA.
  • 00:43:54.440 --> 00:43:55.140
  • TO THE WHOLE OF CHINA.- DENNIS: IN 1854, FOUR
  • 00:43:55.140 --> 00:43:56.909
  • - DENNIS: IN 1854, FOURYEARS INTO THE BLOODY
  • 00:43:56.909 --> 00:43:58.677
  • YEARS INTO THE BLOODYTAIPING REBELLION,
  • 00:43:58.677 --> 00:43:59.878
  • TAIPING REBELLION,A 22-YEAR-OLD MISSIONARY WAS
  • 00:43:59.878 --> 00:44:01.080
  • A 22-YEAR-OLD MISSIONARY WASSTEPPING OFF A BOAT IN
  • 00:44:01.080 --> 00:44:03.115
  • INSPIRED BY MEN LIKE
  • 00:44:04.817 --> 00:44:06.418
  • INSPIRED BY MEN LIKEWILLIAM CAREY, HUDSON TAYLOR
  • 00:44:06.418 --> 00:44:08.187
  • WILLIAM CAREY, HUDSON TAYLORWOULD BRING A BREAKTHROUGH
  • 00:44:08.187 --> 00:44:09.822
  • WOULD BRING A BREAKTHROUGHIDEA TO CHINA THAT WOULD
  • 00:44:09.822 --> 00:44:10.989
  • IDEA TO CHINA THAT WOULDCHANGE THE VERY
  • 00:44:10.989 --> 00:44:13.125
  • BUT EVEN HE WAS NOT READY
  • 00:44:14.893 --> 00:44:16.462
  • BUT EVEN HE WAS NOT READYFOR HOW HOSTILE THE
  • 00:44:16.462 --> 00:44:17.730
  • FOR HOW HOSTILE THEAUTHORITIES HAVE BECOME IN
  • 00:44:17.730 --> 00:44:18.630
  • AUTHORITIES HAVE BECOME INTHEIR ATTEMPTS TO STOP
  • 00:44:18.630 --> 00:44:23.035
  • THEIR ATTEMPTS TO STOPCHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:44:23.035 --> 00:44:24.503
  • CHRISTIANITY.- JAMIE: WHEN HUDSON
  • 00:44:24.503 --> 00:44:24.970
  • - JAMIE: WHEN HUDSONTAYLOR WENT TO CHINA--
  • 00:44:24.970 --> 00:44:27.005
  • TAYLOR WENT TO CHINA--AND HE WENT IN 1853; ARRIVED
  • 00:44:27.005 --> 00:44:28.307
  • AND HE WENT IN 1853; ARRIVEDIN 1854, AND AT THAT
  • 00:44:28.307 --> 00:44:29.575
  • IN 1854, AND AT THATPOINT, THERE WERE ONLY
  • 00:44:29.575 --> 00:44:30.943
  • POINT, THERE WERE ONLYFIVE CITIES THAT
  • 00:44:30.943 --> 00:44:33.946
  • FIVE CITIES THATFOREIGNERS WERE ALLOWED TO
  • 00:44:33.946 --> 00:44:40.385
  • FOREIGNERS WERE ALLOWED TORESIDE IN.
  • 00:44:40.385 --> 00:44:41.019
  • RESIDE IN.LEARNING CHINESE IS A--
  • 00:44:41.019 --> 00:44:41.687
  • LEARNING CHINESE IS A--IT WAS A GREAT CHALLENGE FOR
  • 00:44:41.687 --> 00:44:43.122
  • IT WAS A GREAT CHALLENGE FORHUDSON TAYLOR AND THESE
  • 00:44:43.122 --> 00:44:44.590
  • AND, YET HUDSON TAYLOR WAS
  • 00:44:47.126 --> 00:44:47.860
  • AND, YET HUDSON TAYLOR WASCONVINCED THAT HE NOT ONLY
  • 00:44:47.860 --> 00:44:50.529
  • BUT HE ALSO ENDED UP
  • 00:44:51.830 --> 00:44:54.099
  • BUT HE ALSO ENDED UPWEARING CHINESE CLOTHING
  • 00:44:54.099 --> 00:44:55.968
  • WEARING CHINESE CLOTHINGAND IDENTIFYING WITH THE
  • 00:44:55.968 --> 00:44:57.503
  • AND IDENTIFYING WITH THECHINESE IN SUCH A WAY TO
  • 00:44:57.503 --> 00:45:01.640
  • - HUDSON TAYLOR: IT IS
  • 00:45:03.108 --> 00:45:03.776
  • - HUDSON TAYLOR: IT ISSTATED THAT THE DAILY
  • 00:45:03.776 --> 00:45:05.978
  • STATED THAT THE DAILYMORTALITY OF CHINA IS 33.000.
  • 00:45:05.978 --> 00:45:06.712
  • MORTALITY OF CHINA IS 33.000.THINK OF IT.
  • 00:45:06.712 --> 00:45:07.813
  • THINK OF IT.WELL, THE THOUGHT IS
  • 00:45:07.813 --> 00:45:09.581
  • WELL, THE THOUGHT ISOVERWHELMING.
  • 00:45:09.581 --> 00:45:10.082
  • OVERWHELMING.CAN THE CHRISTIANS OF
  • 00:45:10.082 --> 00:45:11.850
  • CAN THE CHRISTIANS OFENGLAND SIT WITH FOLDED
  • 00:45:11.850 --> 00:45:13.318
  • ENGLAND SIT WITH FOLDEDARMS WHILE THESE
  • 00:45:13.318 --> 00:45:14.386
  • ARMS WHILE THESEMULTITUDES ARE PERISHING
  • 00:45:14.386 --> 00:45:16.188
  • MULTITUDES ARE PERISHINGFOR LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
  • 00:45:16.188 --> 00:45:17.489
  • FOR LACK OF KNOWLEDGEWHICH ENGLAND POSSESSES SO
  • 00:45:17.489 --> 00:45:19.658
  • EVERY DAY 33.000, EVERY
  • 00:45:21.994 --> 00:45:24.830
  • EVERY DAY 33.000, EVERYMONTH, 1 MILLION SUBJECTS
  • 00:45:24.830 --> 00:45:26.932
  • MONTH, 1 MILLION SUBJECTSOF THE CHINESE EMPEROR
  • 00:45:26.932 --> 00:45:28.100
  • OF THE CHINESE EMPERORPASS INTO ETERNITY WITHOUT
  • 00:45:28.100 --> 00:45:29.668
  • PASS INTO ETERNITY WITHOUTEVER HAVING HEARD THE
  • 00:45:29.668 --> 00:45:33.972
  • EVER HAVING HEARD THEGOSPEL.
  • 00:45:33.972 --> 00:45:34.473
  • GOSPEL.- JAMIE: HE FELT VERY
  • 00:45:34.473 --> 00:45:36.041
  • - JAMIE: HE FELT VERYCONVINCED THAT GOD'S WORK
  • 00:45:36.041 --> 00:45:38.377
  • CONVINCED THAT GOD'S WORKDONE IN GOD'S WAY WOULD
  • 00:45:38.377 --> 00:45:40.913
  • DONE IN GOD'S WAY WOULDNOT LACK GOD'S PROVISION.
  • 00:45:40.913 --> 00:45:42.080
  • NOT LACK GOD'S PROVISION.THE EVANGELISM OF EARLY
  • 00:45:42.080 --> 00:45:43.982
  • THE EVANGELISM OF EARLYMISSIONARIES, INCLUDING
  • 00:45:43.982 --> 00:45:45.651
  • MISSIONARIES, INCLUDINGHUDSON TAYLOR, WOULD BE
  • 00:45:45.651 --> 00:45:47.286
  • HUDSON TAYLOR, WOULD BEOPEN-AIR EVANGELISM.
  • 00:45:47.286 --> 00:45:48.754
  • OPEN-AIR EVANGELISM.THEY WOULD GO TO THE
  • 00:45:48.754 --> 00:45:49.888
  • THEY WOULD GO TO THEMARKET, ON MARKET DAY.
  • 00:45:49.888 --> 00:45:52.991
  • MARKET, ON MARKET DAY.THEY WOULD HAND OUT TRACTS.
  • 00:45:52.991 --> 00:45:53.559
  • THEY WOULD HAND OUT TRACTS.THEY WOULD GET ON THEIR
  • 00:45:53.559 --> 00:45:56.028
  • THEY WOULD GET ON THEIRSOAPBOXES.
  • 00:45:56.028 --> 00:45:57.129
  • SOAPBOXES.THEY WOULD PREACH.
  • 00:45:57.129 --> 00:45:58.497
  • THEY WOULD PREACH.THEY WOULD GIVE A GOSPEL
  • 00:45:58.497 --> 00:46:00.732
  • THEY WOULD GIVE A GOSPELPRESENTATION, SPEAKING TO
  • 00:46:00.732 --> 00:46:01.600
  • PRESENTATION, SPEAKING TOA WHOLE CROWD OF PEOPLE.
  • 00:46:01.600 --> 00:46:02.301
  • A WHOLE CROWD OF PEOPLE.IN SOME INSTANCES, THERE
  • 00:46:02.301 --> 00:46:03.335
  • IN SOME INSTANCES, THEREWAS A GREAT DEAL OF
  • 00:46:03.335 --> 00:46:08.607
  • WAS A GREAT DEAL OFHOSTILITY.
  • 00:46:08.607 --> 00:46:09.174
  • HOSTILITY.- JAMIE: THEY DID MEDICAL
  • 00:46:09.174 --> 00:46:09.608
  • - JAMIE: THEY DID MEDICALWORK.
  • 00:46:09.608 --> 00:46:10.108
  • WORK.THEY DID MEDICAL
  • 00:46:10.108 --> 00:46:10.676
  • THEY DID MEDICALEVANGELISM.
  • 00:46:10.676 --> 00:46:11.276
  • EVANGELISM.SO FOR A PERIOD OF TIME,
  • 00:46:11.276 --> 00:46:13.278
  • SO FOR A PERIOD OF TIME,HE WAS INVOLVED IN RUNNING
  • 00:46:13.278 --> 00:46:14.279
  • HE WAS INVOLVED IN RUNNINGA HOSPITAL.
  • 00:46:14.279 --> 00:46:17.416
  • A HOSPITAL.THEY VERY MUCH
  • 00:46:17.416 --> 00:46:18.317
  • THEY VERY MUCHINCORPORATED EVANGELISM
  • 00:46:18.317 --> 00:46:19.117
  • INCORPORATED EVANGELISMINTO THE RUNNING OF THE
  • 00:46:19.117 --> 00:46:22.154
  • INTO THE RUNNING OF THEHOSPITAL.
  • 00:46:22.154 --> 00:46:23.455
  • HOSPITAL.THERE WOULD BE A GOSPEL
  • 00:46:23.455 --> 00:46:24.990
  • THERE WOULD BE A GOSPELPRESENTATION EVERY DAY FOR
  • 00:46:24.990 --> 00:46:27.492
  • PRESENTATION EVERY DAY FORTHE OUTPATIENTS WHO CAME
  • 00:46:27.492 --> 00:46:28.060
  • THE OUTPATIENTS WHO CAMETO THE HOSPITAL TO SEE THE
  • 00:46:28.060 --> 00:46:30.629
  • TO THE HOSPITAL TO SEE THEDOCTOR.
  • 00:46:30.629 --> 00:46:31.697
  • DOCTOR.THERE WAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF
  • 00:46:31.697 --> 00:46:33.432
  • THERE WAS A FAIR AMOUNT OFRESISTANCE TO EVANGELISM
  • 00:46:33.432 --> 00:46:38.470
  • RESISTANCE TO EVANGELISMBY THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT,
  • 00:46:38.470 --> 00:46:39.404
  • BY THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT,AND CERTAINLY, I DON'T
  • 00:46:39.404 --> 00:46:40.539
  • AND CERTAINLY, I DON'TTHINK THE BRITISH
  • 00:46:40.539 --> 00:46:41.773
  • THINK THE BRITISHGOVERNMENT THOUGHT MUCH OF
  • 00:46:41.773 --> 00:46:43.208
  • GOVERNMENT THOUGHT MUCH OFTHESE MISSIONARIES.
  • 00:46:43.208 --> 00:46:43.709
  • THESE MISSIONARIES.THEY THOUGHT THEY WERE A
  • 00:46:43.709 --> 00:46:46.245
  • THEY THOUGHT THEY WERE ABUNCH OF CRAZY LUNATICS.
  • 00:46:46.245 --> 00:46:48.881
  • BUNCH OF CRAZY LUNATICS.HUDSON TAYLOR VERY CLEARLY
  • 00:46:48.881 --> 00:46:51.149
  • HUDSON TAYLOR VERY CLEARLYSAW THE NEED TO RAISE UP
  • 00:46:51.149 --> 00:46:52.985
  • SAW THE NEED TO RAISE UPMORE WORKERS.
  • 00:46:52.985 --> 00:46:53.652
  • MORE WORKERS.HE WOULD WRITE LETTERS
  • 00:46:53.652 --> 00:46:55.354
  • HE WOULD WRITE LETTERSBACK TO ENGLAND, SAYING,
  • 00:46:55.354 --> 00:46:56.154
  • BACK TO ENGLAND, SAYING,"PLEASE SEND MORE WORKERS
  • 00:46:56.154 --> 00:47:00.025
  • - HUDSON TAYLOR: THE
  • 00:47:01.426 --> 00:47:02.160
  • - HUDSON TAYLOR: THEHARVEST TRULY IS GREAT,
  • 00:47:02.160 --> 00:47:03.295
  • WE CANNOT BE TOO MUCH IN
  • 00:47:04.596 --> 00:47:06.498
  • WE CANNOT BE TOO MUCH INEARNEST IN THE PROSECUTION
  • 00:47:06.498 --> 00:47:08.800
  • EARNEST IN THE PROSECUTIONOF THIS GREAT WORK.
  • 00:47:08.800 --> 00:47:09.368
  • OF THIS GREAT WORK.THE MISSIONARIES SHOULD BE
  • 00:47:09.368 --> 00:47:11.236
  • THE MISSIONARIES SHOULD BEMEN OF APOSTOLIC ZEAL,
  • 00:47:11.236 --> 00:47:13.705
  • MEN OF APOSTOLIC ZEAL,PATIENCE, AND ENDURANCE,
  • 00:47:13.705 --> 00:47:14.206
  • PATIENCE, AND ENDURANCE,WILLING TO BE ALL THINGS
  • 00:47:14.206 --> 00:47:17.376
  • WILLING TO BE ALL THINGSTO ALL MEN.
  • 00:47:17.376 --> 00:47:18.343
  • TO ALL MEN.MAY THE LORD RAISE UP
  • 00:47:18.343 --> 00:47:19.144
  • MAY THE LORD RAISE UPSUITABLE INSTRUMENTS AND
  • 00:47:19.144 --> 00:47:25.851
  • SUITABLE INSTRUMENTS ANDFIT ME FOR THIS WORK.
  • 00:47:25.851 --> 00:47:26.785
  • FIT ME FOR THIS WORK.- JAMIE: THE DISTANCE FOR
  • 00:47:26.785 --> 00:47:27.552
  • - JAMIE: THE DISTANCE FORCOMMUNICATION WAS ALSO A
  • 00:47:27.552 --> 00:47:30.289
  • COMMUNICATION WAS ALSO AHUGE ISSUE.
  • 00:47:30.289 --> 00:47:30.789
  • HUGE ISSUE.LETTERS WOULD TAKE
  • 00:47:30.789 --> 00:47:31.356
  • LETTERS WOULD TAKEANYWHERE UP TO FOUR
  • 00:47:31.356 --> 00:47:32.257
  • ANYWHERE UP TO FOURMONTHS, FIVE MONTHS BEFORE
  • 00:47:32.257 --> 00:47:35.427
  • MONTHS, FIVE MONTHS BEFORETHEY WOULD EVEN GET TO
  • 00:47:35.427 --> 00:47:36.628
  • THEY WOULD EVEN GET TOTHEIR DESTINATION.
  • 00:47:36.628 --> 00:47:38.864
  • THEIR DESTINATION.YOU WOULD HAVE TO WAIT
  • 00:47:38.864 --> 00:47:42.000
  • YOU WOULD HAVE TO WAITEIGHT MONTHS, NINE MONTHS,
  • 00:47:42.000 --> 00:47:43.535
  • EIGHT MONTHS, NINE MONTHS,TEN MONTHS TO GET EVEN A
  • 00:47:43.535 --> 00:47:44.036
  • TEN MONTHS TO GET EVEN AREPLY BACK, AND SO THERE
  • 00:47:44.036 --> 00:47:44.603
  • REPLY BACK, AND SO THEREWERE TREMENDOUS CHALLENGES
  • 00:47:44.603 --> 00:47:46.772
  • WERE TREMENDOUS CHALLENGESTHERE OF HOW TO DO
  • 00:47:46.772 --> 00:47:47.606
  • THERE OF HOW TO DOMISSIONS WHEN THE
  • 00:47:47.606 --> 00:47:49.641
  • MISSIONS WHEN THEHEADQUARTERS OF THE CES,
  • 00:47:49.641 --> 00:47:52.177
  • HEADQUARTERS OF THE CES,THE CHINESE EVANGELIZATION
  • 00:47:52.177 --> 00:47:53.345
  • THE CHINESE EVANGELIZATIONSOCIETY, WAS HALFWAY
  • 00:47:53.345 --> 00:47:57.883
  • SOCIETY, WAS HALFWAYAROUND THE WORLD.
  • 00:47:57.883 --> 00:47:58.450
  • AROUND THE WORLD.- DENNIS: TAYLOR WAS
  • 00:47:58.450 --> 00:47:59.484
  • - DENNIS: TAYLOR WASSEVERELY DISAPPOINTED IN
  • 00:47:59.484 --> 00:48:00.118
  • SEVERELY DISAPPOINTED INMOST MISSIONARIES HE
  • 00:48:00.118 --> 00:48:00.819
  • MOST MISSIONARIES HEENCOUNTERED IN CHINA.
  • 00:48:00.819 --> 00:48:01.653
  • ENCOUNTERED IN CHINA.THEY SPENT THEIR TIME
  • 00:48:01.653 --> 00:48:02.587
  • THEY SPENT THEIR TIMEWORKING AS TRANSLATORS FOR
  • 00:48:02.587 --> 00:48:05.057
  • WORKING AS TRANSLATORS FORBRITISH BUSINESSMAN RATHER
  • 00:48:05.057 --> 00:48:05.590
  • BRITISH BUSINESSMAN RATHERTHAN DOING THE DIFFICULT
  • 00:48:05.590 --> 00:48:06.591
  • THAN DOING THE DIFFICULTWORK OF PREACHING THE
  • 00:48:06.591 --> 00:48:08.660
  • WORK OF PREACHING THEGOSPEL.
  • 00:48:08.660 --> 00:48:09.227
  • GOSPEL.HIS VISION WAS TO TAKE THE
  • 00:48:09.227 --> 00:48:10.429
  • HIS VISION WAS TO TAKE THEMESSAGE DEEP INTO THE
  • 00:48:10.429 --> 00:48:11.897
  • MESSAGE DEEP INTO THEINTERIOR OF CHINA.
  • 00:48:11.897 --> 00:48:12.497
  • INTERIOR OF CHINA.SO WITHIN MONTHS OF
  • 00:48:12.497 --> 00:48:13.665
  • SO WITHIN MONTHS OFARRIVING, HE SET OFF
  • 00:48:13.665 --> 00:48:15.133
  • ARRIVING, HE SET OFFUPRIVER WITH ANOTHER
  • 00:48:15.133 --> 00:48:16.468
  • UPRIVER WITH ANOTHERMISSIONARY TO GIVE AWAY
  • 00:48:16.468 --> 00:48:18.403
  • MISSIONARY TO GIVE AWAYCHINESE BIBLES AND TRACTS,
  • 00:48:18.403 --> 00:48:19.905
  • CHINESE BIBLES AND TRACTS,BUT AFTER SEVEN DIFFICULT
  • 00:48:19.905 --> 00:48:21.540
  • BUT AFTER SEVEN DIFFICULTYEARS, HE BECAME SERIOUSLY
  • 00:48:21.540 --> 00:48:23.508
  • YEARS, HE BECAME SERIOUSLYILL AND WAS FORCED TO
  • 00:48:23.508 --> 00:48:24.609
  • ILL AND WAS FORCED TORETURN TO ENGLAND UNTIL HE
  • 00:48:24.609 --> 00:48:26.545
  • RETURN TO ENGLAND UNTIL HECOULD RECOVER.
  • 00:48:26.545 --> 00:48:27.412
  • COULD RECOVER.AND IT WAS IN ENGLAND
  • 00:48:27.412 --> 00:48:29.081
  • AND IT WAS IN ENGLANDWHERE HE BELIEVED GOD GAVE
  • 00:48:29.081 --> 00:48:30.215
  • WHERE HE BELIEVED GOD GAVEHIM AN IDEA THAT WOULD
  • 00:48:30.215 --> 00:48:32.684
  • HIM AN IDEA THAT WOULDCHANGE MISSIONS FOREVER.
  • 00:48:32.684 --> 00:48:43.295
  • HUDSON TAYLOR FELT THAT
  • 00:48:48.567 --> 00:48:50.836
  • HUDSON TAYLOR FELT THATGOD WAS CALLING ON HIM TO
  • 00:48:50.836 --> 00:48:53.572
  • GOD WAS CALLING ON HIM TOBEGIN THE MISSION AGENCY.
  • 00:48:53.572 --> 00:48:57.709
  • BEGIN THE MISSION AGENCY.[WAVES]
  • 00:48:57.709 --> 00:48:59.611
  • [WAVES]HE SAYS, YOU KNOW, HE WAS
  • 00:48:59.611 --> 00:49:00.112
  • HE SAYS, YOU KNOW, HE WASPACING UP AND DOWN
  • 00:49:00.112 --> 00:49:01.446
  • PACING UP AND DOWNBRIGHTON BEACH, AND IT WAS
  • 00:49:01.446 --> 00:49:03.281
  • BRIGHTON BEACH, AND IT WASON BRIGHTON BEACH THAT GOD
  • 00:49:03.281 --> 00:49:09.821
  • ON BRIGHTON BEACH THAT GODCONQUERED HIS UNBELIEF.
  • 00:49:09.821 --> 00:49:10.489
  • CONQUERED HIS UNBELIEF.- JAMIE: HE SURRENDERED
  • 00:49:10.489 --> 00:49:11.423
  • - JAMIE: HE SURRENDEREDHIMSELF ON THE BEACH AND
  • 00:49:11.423 --> 00:49:11.923
  • HIMSELF ON THE BEACH ANDSAID, "LORD, I WILL BE
  • 00:49:11.923 --> 00:49:12.858
  • SAID, "LORD, I WILL BEOBEDIENT TO YOU."
  • 00:49:12.858 --> 00:49:15.093
  • OBEDIENT TO YOU."AND HE PRAYED FOR
  • 00:49:15.093 --> 00:49:17.896
  • AND HE PRAYED FOR24 SKILLFUL AND
  • 00:49:17.896 --> 00:49:19.031
  • 24 SKILLFUL ANDWILLING WORKERS TO GO WITH
  • 00:49:19.031 --> 00:49:20.232
  • WILLING WORKERS TO GO WITHHIM TO CHINA, AND HE SAID,
  • 00:49:20.232 --> 00:49:21.633
  • HIM TO CHINA, AND HE SAID,"LORD, YOU'RE RESPONSIBLE
  • 00:49:21.633 --> 00:49:24.536
  • I WILL BE OBEDIENT, BUT
  • 00:49:26.638 --> 00:49:27.639
  • I WILL BE OBEDIENT, BUTTHE WORK IS YOURS, AND YOU
  • 00:49:27.639 --> 00:49:30.542
  • - JAMIE: THE NEXT DAY,
  • 00:49:34.546 --> 00:49:35.614
  • - JAMIE: THE NEXT DAY,HE OPENED A BANK ACCOUNT
  • 00:49:35.614 --> 00:49:36.048
  • HE OPENED A BANK ACCOUNTUNDER THE NAME CHINA
  • 00:49:36.048 --> 00:49:37.883
  • UNDER THE NAME CHINAINLAND MISSION.
  • 00:49:37.883 --> 00:49:38.717
  • INLAND MISSION.IN HIS DIARY, HE SAYS,
  • 00:49:38.717 --> 00:49:40.085
  • IN HIS DIARY, HE SAYS,"YOU KNOW, I STARTED THE
  • 00:49:40.085 --> 00:49:41.853
  • "YOU KNOW, I STARTED THEMISSION WITH TEN POUNDS
  • 00:49:41.853 --> 00:49:44.022
  • AND ABOUT A YEAR LATER,
  • 00:49:46.324 --> 00:49:47.159
  • AND ABOUT A YEAR LATER,GOD FULFILLED THAT PROMISE,
  • 00:49:47.159 --> 00:49:50.729
  • GOD FULFILLED THAT PROMISE,AND SO, THE CIM WAS BEGUN
  • 00:49:50.729 --> 00:49:53.365
  • SOME OF WHOM WERE ACTUALLY
  • 00:49:55.500 --> 00:49:56.968
  • SOME OF WHOM WERE ACTUALLYSINGLE WOMEN, WHICH WAS
  • 00:49:56.968 --> 00:49:59.137
  • SINGLE WOMEN, WHICH WASALMOST AN UNKNOWN DURING
  • 00:49:59.137 --> 00:50:00.705
  • ALMOST AN UNKNOWN DURINGTHAT PERIOD OF TIME.
  • 00:50:00.705 --> 00:50:02.474
  • THAT PERIOD OF TIME.HUDSON TAYLOR SAW THAT,
  • 00:50:02.474 --> 00:50:05.710
  • HUDSON TAYLOR SAW THAT,BECAUSE CHINESE SOCIETY
  • 00:50:05.710 --> 00:50:09.081
  • BECAUSE CHINESE SOCIETYWAS SO CONSERVATIVE,
  • 00:50:09.081 --> 00:50:10.949
  • WAS SO CONSERVATIVE,THAT MALE MISSIONARIES COULD
  • 00:50:10.949 --> 00:50:12.417
  • THAT MALE MISSIONARIES COULDNEVER REACH INTO THE
  • 00:50:12.417 --> 00:50:14.086
  • NEVER REACH INTO THEFAMILIES AND INTO THE
  • 00:50:14.086 --> 00:50:15.353
  • FAMILIES AND INTO THEHOMES OF CHINESE.
  • 00:50:15.353 --> 00:50:16.288
  • HOMES OF CHINESE.MEN COULD ONLY HAVE
  • 00:50:16.288 --> 00:50:17.489
  • MEN COULD ONLY HAVECONTACT WITH MEN.
  • 00:50:17.489 --> 00:50:18.423
  • CONTACT WITH MEN.AND SO HUDSON TAYLOR
  • 00:50:18.423 --> 00:50:19.791
  • AND SO HUDSON TAYLORREALIZED THAT THE ONLY WAY
  • 00:50:19.791 --> 00:50:21.026
  • REALIZED THAT THE ONLY WAYTHAT CHINA WAS GONNA BE
  • 00:50:21.026 --> 00:50:22.928
  • THAT CHINA WAS GONNA BEEVANGELIZED WAS IF HE
  • 00:50:22.928 --> 00:50:26.298
  • EVANGELIZED WAS IF HERECRUITED WOMEN, INCLUDING
  • 00:50:26.298 --> 00:50:27.432
  • RECRUITED WOMEN, INCLUDINGSINGLE WOMEN WHO WOULD GO
  • 00:50:27.432 --> 00:50:30.102
  • SINGLE WOMEN WHO WOULD GOTO CHINA.
  • 00:50:30.102 --> 00:50:32.804
  • TO CHINA.IT WAS A STROKE OF GENIUS.
  • 00:50:32.804 --> 00:50:33.305
  • IT WAS A STROKE OF GENIUS.- MALE: THEN HE SAYS,
  • 00:50:33.305 --> 00:50:34.840
  • - MALE: THEN HE SAYS,"I'D LIKE TO GET A HUNDRED
  • 00:50:34.840 --> 00:50:35.841
  • "I'D LIKE TO GET A HUNDREDMISSIONARIES," AND THEN HE
  • 00:50:35.841 --> 00:50:36.842
  • MISSIONARIES," AND THEN HESAYS, "A THOUSAND,"
  • 00:50:36.842 --> 00:50:39.811
  • SAYS, "A THOUSAND,"AND THEN HE CROSSES OVER TO
  • 00:50:39.811 --> 00:50:40.712
  • AND THEN HE CROSSES OVER TOHAVE LOCAL MISSIONARIES BE
  • 00:50:40.712 --> 00:50:41.847
  • HAVE LOCAL MISSIONARIES BEPART OF THE CHINA INLAND
  • 00:50:41.847 --> 00:50:45.650
  • PART OF THE CHINA INLANDMISSION.
  • 00:50:45.650 --> 00:50:46.151
  • MISSION.- HUDSON TAYLOR: ALL
  • 00:50:46.151 --> 00:50:47.319
  • - HUDSON TAYLOR: ALLGOD'S GIANTS HAVE BEEN
  • 00:50:47.319 --> 00:50:48.086
  • GOD'S GIANTS HAVE BEENWEAK MEN WHO DID GREAT
  • 00:50:48.086 --> 00:50:48.987
  • WEAK MEN WHO DID GREATTHINGS FOR GOD BECAUSE
  • 00:50:48.987 --> 00:50:50.388
  • THINGS FOR GOD BECAUSETHEY RECKONED ON GOD BEING
  • 00:50:50.388 --> 00:50:53.058
  • THEY RECKONED ON GOD BEINGWITH THEM.
  • 00:50:53.058 --> 00:50:53.592
  • WITH THEM.- JAMIE: THERE WAS ALWAYS
  • 00:50:53.592 --> 00:50:55.594
  • - JAMIE: THERE WAS ALWAYSTHE DANGER, OBVIOUSLY,
  • 00:50:55.594 --> 00:50:56.661
  • THE DANGER, OBVIOUSLY,OF THESE MISSIONARIES GOING
  • 00:50:56.661 --> 00:50:59.064
  • OF THESE MISSIONARIES GOINGTO PLACES WHERE WESTERNERS
  • 00:50:59.064 --> 00:51:01.466
  • TO PLACES WHERE WESTERNERSHAVE NEVER GONE BEFORE.
  • 00:51:01.466 --> 00:51:02.801
  • HAVE NEVER GONE BEFORE.HE LOST HIS WIFE AFTER 12
  • 00:51:02.801 --> 00:51:05.337
  • HE LOST HIS WIFE AFTER 12YEARS OF MARRIAGE.
  • 00:51:05.337 --> 00:51:06.771
  • YEARS OF MARRIAGE.A NUMBER OF THEIR CHILDREN
  • 00:51:06.771 --> 00:51:09.407
  • A NUMBER OF THEIR CHILDRENALSO PASSED AWAY IN CHINA.
  • 00:51:09.407 --> 00:51:11.443
  • ALSO PASSED AWAY IN CHINA.HERE WAS A MAN AFTER GOD'S
  • 00:51:11.443 --> 00:51:13.612
  • HERE WAS A MAN AFTER GOD'SHEART AND FOR GOD'S
  • 00:51:13.612 --> 00:51:15.147
  • HEART AND FOR GOD'SKINGDOM AND A PASSION FOR
  • 00:51:15.147 --> 00:51:17.315
  • KINGDOM AND A PASSION FORTHE CHINESE AND TOTALLY
  • 00:51:17.315 --> 00:51:18.950
  • THE CHINESE AND TOTALLYSOLD OUT.
  • 00:51:18.950 --> 00:51:20.619
  • SOLD OUT.THE CIM EVENTUALLY BECAME
  • 00:51:20.619 --> 00:51:22.420
  • THE CIM EVENTUALLY BECAMETHE LARGEST MISSION AGENCY
  • 00:51:22.420 --> 00:51:23.855
  • THE LARGEST MISSION AGENCYIN CHINA WITH THE MOST
  • 00:51:23.855 --> 00:51:26.825
  • IN CHINA WITH THE MOSTMISSIONARIES, AND I THINK
  • 00:51:26.825 --> 00:51:29.161
  • MISSIONARIES, AND I THINKPROBABLY JUST NUMERICALLY
  • 00:51:29.161 --> 00:51:30.829
  • PROBABLY JUST NUMERICALLYWAS THE MOST INFLUENTIAL
  • 00:51:30.829 --> 00:51:35.000
  • WAS THE MOST INFLUENTIALIN THE CHINESE CHURCH.
  • 00:51:35.000 --> 00:51:36.168
  • IN THE CHINESE CHURCH.- DENNIS: FOR ALL OF
  • 00:51:36.168 --> 00:51:37.035
  • - DENNIS: FOR ALL OFTAYLOR'S INNOVATIVE
  • 00:51:37.035 --> 00:51:38.103
  • HIS WORK IN CHINA
  • 00:51:39.037 --> 00:51:40.138
  • HIS WORK IN CHINAENCOUNTERED ANOTHER WALL
  • 00:51:40.138 --> 00:51:41.273
  • ENCOUNTERED ANOTHER WALLTOWARD THE END OF HIS
  • 00:51:41.273 --> 00:51:43.341
  • TOWARD THE END OF HISLIFE, THE BOXER REBELLION.
  • 00:51:43.341 --> 00:51:45.744
  • WAS ANTIFOREIGNER AND
  • 00:51:47.078 --> 00:51:48.580
  • WAS ANTIFOREIGNER ANDANTI-CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:51:48.580 --> 00:51:49.648
  • ANTI-CHRISTIAN.IT WAS STARTED BY CHINESE
  • 00:51:49.648 --> 00:51:51.383
  • IT WAS STARTED BY CHINESEMILITIA WHO RESENTED
  • 00:51:51.383 --> 00:51:52.450
  • MILITIA WHO RESENTEDCHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES AND
  • 00:51:52.450 --> 00:51:53.952
  • CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES ANDTHEIR INFLUENCE.
  • 00:51:53.952 --> 00:51:54.719
  • THEIR INFLUENCE.BRITISH CALLED THEM
  • 00:51:54.719 --> 00:51:56.454
  • BRITISH CALLED THEM"BOXERS," BECAUSE THEIR
  • 00:51:56.454 --> 00:51:57.489
  • "BOXERS," BECAUSE THEIRMEMBERS PRACTICED CHINESE
  • 00:51:57.489 --> 00:51:59.424
  • MEMBERS PRACTICED CHINESEMARTIAL ARTS, AND THEY
  • 00:51:59.424 --> 00:52:00.025
  • MARTIAL ARTS, AND THEYEVENTUALLY MASSACRED MORE
  • 00:52:00.025 --> 00:52:01.293
  • EVENTUALLY MASSACRED MORETHAN 30.000 CHINESE
  • 00:52:01.293 --> 00:52:01.960
  • THAN 30.000 CHINESECHRISTIANS AND THEIR
  • 00:52:01.960 --> 00:52:04.329
  • CHRISTIANS AND THEIRFAMILIES.
  • 00:52:04.329 --> 00:52:06.331
  • - JAMIE: THERE WAS AN
  • 00:52:07.566 --> 00:52:08.300
  • - JAMIE: THERE WAS ANEDICT BY THE EMPRESS
  • 00:52:08.300 --> 00:52:10.335
  • EDICT BY THE EMPRESSDOWAGER TO KILL ALL THE
  • 00:52:10.335 --> 00:52:12.537
  • AND SO, IN SEVERAL OF THE
  • 00:52:14.105 --> 00:52:15.974
  • AND SO, IN SEVERAL OF THEPROVINCES, THE GOVERNORS
  • 00:52:15.974 --> 00:52:17.175
  • PROVINCES, THE GOVERNORSOF THOSE PROVINCES
  • 00:52:17.175 --> 00:52:19.044
  • OF THOSE PROVINCESBASICALLY MADE IT THEIR
  • 00:52:19.044 --> 00:52:20.478
  • BASICALLY MADE IT THEIRAIM TO STAMP OUT ANY
  • 00:52:20.478 --> 00:52:23.348
  • AIM TO STAMP OUT ANYPRESENCE OF FOREIGNERS IN
  • 00:52:23.348 --> 00:52:25.717
  • PRESENCE OF FOREIGNERS INTHOSE PROVINCES.
  • 00:52:25.717 --> 00:52:28.720
  • THOSE PROVINCES.AND SO YOU HAD A HUGE,
  • 00:52:28.720 --> 00:52:29.721
  • AND SO YOU HAD A HUGE,HUGE MARTYRDOM AMONG
  • 00:52:29.721 --> 00:52:32.424
  • HUGE MARTYRDOM AMONGMISSIONARIES DURING THE
  • 00:52:32.424 --> 00:52:39.130
  • MISSIONARIES DURING THEBOXER REBELLION.
  • 00:52:39.130 --> 00:52:40.198
  • BOXER REBELLION.- JAMIE: THE EIGHT
  • 00:52:40.198 --> 00:52:40.832
  • - JAMIE: THE EIGHTFOREIGN MAIN POWERS CAME
  • 00:52:40.832 --> 00:52:42.067
  • FOREIGN MAIN POWERS CAMEIN AND TRIED TO STABILIZE
  • 00:52:42.067 --> 00:52:44.769
  • IN AND TRIED TO STABILIZETHINGS, AND THAT
  • 00:52:44.769 --> 00:52:45.971
  • THINGS, AND THATEVENTUALLY LED TO THE END
  • 00:52:45.971 --> 00:52:47.839
  • EVENTUALLY LED TO THE ENDOF THE BOXER REBELLION AND
  • 00:52:47.839 --> 00:52:49.975
  • OF THE BOXER REBELLION ANDTO THIS EDICT TO KILL ALL
  • 00:52:49.975 --> 00:53:03.955
  • TO THIS EDICT TO KILL ALLTHE FOREIGNERS.
  • 00:53:03.955 --> 00:53:04.589
  • THE FOREIGNERS.- SCOTT W.: THE PRESSURE
  • 00:53:04.589 --> 00:53:05.857
  • - SCOTT W.: THE PRESSUREIN EAST ASIA ABOUT
  • 00:53:05.857 --> 00:53:06.825
  • IN EAST ASIA ABOUTCONVERSION HAS BEEN A
  • 00:53:06.825 --> 00:53:08.360
  • CONVERSION HAS BEEN ATHEME THAT GOES BACK TO
  • 00:53:08.360 --> 00:53:09.494
  • THEME THAT GOES BACK TOTHE EARLIEST CONVERSIONS
  • 00:53:09.494 --> 00:53:10.829
  • THE EARLIEST CONVERSIONSIN ASIA.
  • 00:53:10.829 --> 00:53:13.565
  • IN ASIA.BECAUSE THE CONVERSION TO
  • 00:53:13.565 --> 00:53:15.667
  • BECAUSE THE CONVERSION TOCHRIST IS A CONVERSION
  • 00:53:15.667 --> 00:53:16.968
  • CHRIST IS A CONVERSIONAWAY FROM THIS WHOLE
  • 00:53:16.968 --> 00:53:18.003
  • AWAY FROM THIS WHOLESYSTEM, A WHOLE SYSTEM OF
  • 00:53:18.003 --> 00:53:19.671
  • SYSTEM, A WHOLE SYSTEM OFBELIEF THAT IS CONFUCIAN,
  • 00:53:19.671 --> 00:53:21.706
  • BELIEF THAT IS CONFUCIAN,BUDDHIST, OR SHINTOIST,
  • 00:53:21.706 --> 00:53:22.474
  • BUDDHIST, OR SHINTOIST,AND A MOVEMENT AWAY FROM
  • 00:53:22.474 --> 00:53:23.441
  • AND A MOVEMENT AWAY FROMTHERE.
  • 00:53:23.441 --> 00:53:25.310
  • THERE.MANY TIMES, THE
  • 00:53:25.310 --> 00:53:26.311
  • MANY TIMES, THEGOVERNMENTS CANNOT PUT UP
  • 00:53:26.311 --> 00:53:30.181
  • GOVERNMENTS CANNOT PUT UPWITH THAT KIND OF TENSION.
  • 00:53:30.181 --> 00:53:33.318
  • WITH THAT KIND OF TENSION.THE ASIAN CHURCH HAS BEEN
  • 00:53:33.318 --> 00:53:35.387
  • THE ASIAN CHURCH HAS BEENSOWN WITH TEARS, AND WE
  • 00:53:35.387 --> 00:53:37.155
  • SOWN WITH TEARS, AND WECAN GO THROUGH PERIODS OF
  • 00:53:37.155 --> 00:53:38.223
  • CAN GO THROUGH PERIODS OFTIME IN ALL THESE
  • 00:53:38.223 --> 00:53:39.424
  • TIME IN ALL THESEDIFFERENT PLACES--
  • 00:53:39.424 --> 00:53:41.793
  • DIFFERENT PLACES--CHRISTIANITY CONSTANTLY
  • 00:53:41.793 --> 00:53:43.094
  • CHRISTIANITY CONSTANTLYCOMES UP AGAINST
  • 00:53:43.094 --> 00:53:43.662
  • COMES UP AGAINSTGOVERNMENTS WHICH ARE
  • 00:53:43.662 --> 00:53:44.863
  • GOVERNMENTS WHICH ARERELIGIOUS.
  • 00:53:44.863 --> 00:53:45.363
  • RELIGIOUS.YOU COME AGAINST A
  • 00:53:45.363 --> 00:53:46.398
  • YOU COME AGAINST ASTATE-SPONSORED HINDUISM,
  • 00:53:46.398 --> 00:53:49.968
  • STATE-SPONSORED HINDUISM,STATE-SPONSORED ISLAM,
  • 00:53:49.968 --> 00:53:52.203
  • STATE-SPONSORED ISLAM,MILITANT BUDDHISM IN
  • 00:53:52.203 --> 00:53:55.640
  • MILITANT BUDDHISM INJAPAN, MARXIST LENINISM
  • 00:53:55.640 --> 00:53:56.875
  • JAPAN, MARXIST LENINISMTHAT SPREAD IN EAST ASIA.
  • 00:53:56.875 --> 00:54:00.779
  • THAT SPREAD IN EAST ASIA.AGAIN AND AGAIN, THE
  • 00:54:00.779 --> 00:54:01.913
  • AGAIN AND AGAIN, THECHURCH HAS CONFRONTED
  • 00:54:01.913 --> 00:54:03.148
  • CHURCH HAS CONFRONTEDGOVERNMENTS THAT ARE
  • 00:54:03.148 --> 00:54:04.215
  • GOVERNMENTS THAT ARERELIGIOUS OR IDEOLOGICALLY
  • 00:54:04.215 --> 00:54:05.250
  • RELIGIOUS OR IDEOLOGICALLYDRIVEN AND ACT LIKE A
  • 00:54:05.250 --> 00:54:07.152
  • DRIVEN AND ACT LIKE ARELIGION,
  • 00:54:07.152 --> 00:54:07.652
  • RELIGION,AND IN DOING THAT, THE
  • 00:54:07.652 --> 00:54:08.787
  • AND IN DOING THAT, THECHURCH IS COMING UP
  • 00:54:08.787 --> 00:54:10.088
  • CHURCH IS COMING UPAGAINST SOMETHING THAT IS
  • 00:54:10.088 --> 00:54:11.956
  • AGAINST SOMETHING THAT ISSO RESISTANT THAT YOU'RE
  • 00:54:11.956 --> 00:54:14.526
  • SO RESISTANT THAT YOU'REEITHER CRUSHED,
  • 00:54:14.526 --> 00:54:15.593
  • EITHER CRUSHED,OR YOU DENY THE FAITH, OR
  • 00:54:15.593 --> 00:54:17.996
  • OR YOU DENY THE FAITH, ORYOU LEAVE.
  • 00:54:17.996 --> 00:54:19.431
  • YOU LEAVE.AND SO WE'VE HAD MANY,
  • 00:54:19.431 --> 00:54:19.964
  • AND SO WE'VE HAD MANY,MANY MIGRATIONS OUT OF
  • 00:54:19.964 --> 00:54:21.533
  • MANY MIGRATIONS OUT OFEAST ASIA AS WELL AS WEST
  • 00:54:21.533 --> 00:54:22.367
  • EAST ASIA AS WELL AS WESTASIA 'CAUSE OF THE
  • 00:54:22.367 --> 00:54:24.202
  • - MALE: THE MISSIONARIES
  • 00:54:30.275 --> 00:54:31.409
  • MANY PEOPLE PREDICTED THAT
  • 00:54:32.844 --> 00:54:36.648
  • MANY PEOPLE PREDICTED THATTHE CHURCH IN CHINA--
  • 00:54:36.648 --> 00:54:37.682
  • THE CHURCH IN CHINA--THAT WOULD BE THE END.
  • 00:54:37.682 --> 00:54:38.149
  • THAT WOULD BE THE END.YOU KNOW, ALL THE
  • 00:54:38.149 --> 00:54:38.817
  • YOU KNOW, ALL THEMISSIONARIES LEFT, ALL THE
  • 00:54:38.817 --> 00:54:39.851
  • MISSIONARIES LEFT, ALL THEAGENCIES LEFT, ALL THE
  • 00:54:39.851 --> 00:54:41.920
  • AGENCIES LEFT, ALL THEDENOMINATIONS LEFT,
  • 00:54:41.920 --> 00:54:46.558
  • DENOMINATIONS LEFT,ALL THE FOREIGN MONEY LEFT--
  • 00:54:46.558 --> 00:54:47.192
  • ALL THE FOREIGN MONEY LEFT--THE END OF THE CHURCH IN
  • 00:54:47.192 --> 00:54:48.927
  • THE END OF THE CHURCH INCHINA.
  • 00:54:48.927 --> 00:54:50.362
  • CHINA.THE DOOR CLOSED.
  • 00:54:50.362 --> 00:54:51.029
  • THE DOOR CLOSED.WE USED TO REFER TO IT AS
  • 00:54:51.029 --> 00:54:53.531
  • WE USED TO REFER TO IT ASTHE "BAMBOO CURTAIN."
  • 00:54:53.531 --> 00:55:00.171
  • THE "BAMBOO CURTAIN."THE BAMBOO CURTAIN SHUT.
  • 00:55:00.171 --> 00:55:00.705
  • THE BAMBOO CURTAIN SHUT.- DENNIS: THE OLD
  • 00:55:00.705 --> 00:55:01.606
  • - DENNIS: THE OLDTESTAMENT BOOK OF JOSHUA
  • 00:55:01.606 --> 00:55:02.707
  • TESTAMENT BOOK OF JOSHUASAYS, "WHEN YOU HEAR THE
  • 00:55:02.707 --> 00:55:04.175
  • SAYS, "WHEN YOU HEAR THESOUND OF THE TRUMPET,
  • 00:55:04.175 --> 00:55:05.610
  • SOUND OF THE TRUMPET,ALL THE PEOPLE SHALL SHOUT
  • 00:55:05.610 --> 00:55:07.779
  • ALL THE PEOPLE SHALL SHOUTWITH A GREAT SHOUT,
  • 00:55:07.779 --> 00:55:09.247
  • WITH A GREAT SHOUT,AND THE WALL OF THE CITY WILL
  • 00:55:09.247 --> 00:55:12.150
  • AND THE WALL OF THE CITY WILLFALL DOWN FLAT."
  • 00:55:12.150 --> 00:55:12.884
  • FALL DOWN FLAT."AND THE WALL CRUMBLING DOWN
  • 00:55:12.884 --> 00:55:14.152
  • AND THE WALL CRUMBLING DOWNIS EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENED
  • 00:55:14.152 --> 00:55:16.254
  • IS EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENEDFOLLOWING THE DARK MOMENTS
  • 00:55:16.254 --> 00:55:18.289
  • FOLLOWING THE DARK MOMENTSOF THE BOXER REBELLION.
  • 00:55:18.289 --> 00:55:19.057
  • OF THE BOXER REBELLION.WITHIN A DECADE, ANOTHER
  • 00:55:19.057 --> 00:55:20.592
  • WITHIN A DECADE, ANOTHERREVOLUTION WOULD END
  • 00:55:20.592 --> 00:55:22.761
  • REVOLUTION WOULD ENDIMPERIAL RULE.
  • 00:55:22.761 --> 00:55:24.629
  • IMPERIAL RULE.AS A RESULT, TENS OF
  • 00:55:24.629 --> 00:55:26.064
  • AS A RESULT, TENS OFTHOUSANDS OF MISSIONARIES
  • 00:55:26.064 --> 00:55:27.465
  • THOUSANDS OF MISSIONARIESFLOODED THE COUNTRY,
  • 00:55:27.465 --> 00:55:28.833
  • FLOODED THE COUNTRY,AND THE CHURCHES WERE
  • 00:55:28.833 --> 00:55:29.367
  • AND THE CHURCHES WEREESTABLISHED IN EVERY
  • 00:55:29.367 --> 00:55:31.269
  • ESTABLISHED IN EVERYPROVINCE.
  • 00:55:31.269 --> 00:55:32.070
  • PROVINCE.THE TURNAROUND WAS SO
  • 00:55:32.070 --> 00:55:33.805
  • THE TURNAROUND WAS SOGREAT THAT MANY BELIEVE
  • 00:55:33.805 --> 00:55:35.373
  • GREAT THAT MANY BELIEVETHE ENTIRE NATION WOULD BE
  • 00:55:35.373 --> 00:55:37.609
  • THE ENTIRE NATION WOULD BECONVERTED, MUCH LIKE WHAT
  • 00:55:37.609 --> 00:55:38.643
  • CONVERTED, MUCH LIKE WHATHAPPENED IN THE ROMAN
  • 00:55:38.643 --> 00:55:40.578
  • HAPPENED IN THE ROMANEMPIRE DURING
  • 00:55:40.578 --> 00:55:42.013
  • EMPIRE DURINGCONSTANTINE'S REIGN.
  • 00:55:42.013 --> 00:55:43.281
  • CONSTANTINE'S REIGN.BUT IT CAME AT A STEEP PRICE.
  • 00:55:43.281 --> 00:55:47.285
  • BUT IT CAME AT A STEEP PRICE.THE APOSTLE THOMAS,
  • 00:55:47.285 --> 00:55:48.620
  • THE APOSTLE THOMAS,FRANCIS XAVIER, MATTEO RICCI,
  • 00:55:48.620 --> 00:55:50.755
  • FRANCIS XAVIER, MATTEO RICCI,WILLIAM CAREY,
  • 00:55:50.755 --> 00:55:52.257
  • WILLIAM CAREY,HUDSON TAYLOR, AND
  • 00:55:52.257 --> 00:55:54.893
  • HUDSON TAYLOR, ANDHUNDREDS OF OTHER MEN AND
  • 00:55:54.893 --> 00:55:56.494
  • HUNDREDS OF OTHER MEN ANDWOMEN GAVE THEIR LIVES TO
  • 00:55:56.494 --> 00:55:57.495
  • WOMEN GAVE THEIR LIVES TOPROVE THAT LOVE OVERCOMES
  • 00:55:57.495 --> 00:56:00.632
  • PROVE THAT LOVE OVERCOMESALL BARRIERS.
  • 00:56:00.632 --> 00:56:02.066
  • ALL BARRIERS.WHILE THE TASK IN ASIA WAS
  • 00:56:02.066 --> 00:56:03.034
  • WHILE THE TASK IN ASIA WASNOT FINISHED, THEIR LEGACY
  • 00:56:03.034 --> 00:56:05.236
  • NOT FINISHED, THEIR LEGACYPROVES THAT NO WALL,
  • 00:56:05.236 --> 00:56:07.272
  • PROVES THAT NO WALL,NO ARMY, AND NO GOVERNMENT
  • 00:56:07.272 --> 00:56:09.474
  • NO ARMY, AND NO GOVERNMENTCAN STOP THE
  • 00:56:09.474 --> 00:56:10.942
  • CAN STOP THELIFE-CHANGING MESSAGE OF
  • 00:56:10.942 --> 00:56:17.148
  • LIFE-CHANGING MESSAGE OFJESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:56:17.148 --> 00:56:17.715
  • JESUS CHRIST.- MALE: MISSIONARIES WERE
  • 00:56:17.715 --> 00:56:18.616
  • - MALE: MISSIONARIES WERECUT OUT OF A DIFFERENT
  • 00:56:18.616 --> 00:56:19.484
  • CUT OUT OF A DIFFERENTFABRIC BACK THEN IN THEIR
  • 00:56:19.484 --> 00:56:22.654
  • FABRIC BACK THEN IN THEIRWILLINGNESS AND
  • 00:56:22.654 --> 00:56:23.154
  • WILLINGNESS ANDWANTEDNESS TO LAY ALL
  • 00:56:23.154 --> 00:56:24.088
  • WANTEDNESS TO LAY ALLTHINGS ON THE LINE.
  • 00:56:24.088 --> 00:56:25.924
  • THINGS ON THE LINE.I MEAN, TO THINK THAT THEY
  • 00:56:25.924 --> 00:56:26.858
  • I MEAN, TO THINK THAT THEYREALLY LIVED LUKE 14,
  • 00:56:26.858 --> 00:56:30.228
  • REALLY LIVED LUKE 14,YOU KNOW.
  • 00:56:30.228 --> 00:56:30.762
  • YOU KNOW.IF I'M NOT WILLING TO
  • 00:56:30.762 --> 00:56:31.362
  • IF I'M NOT WILLING TOLEAVE MY MOM AND MY DAD,
  • 00:56:31.362 --> 00:56:32.096
  • LEAVE MY MOM AND MY DAD,MY FAMILY, IN FACT,
  • 00:56:32.096 --> 00:56:33.231
  • MY FAMILY, IN FACT,IF IT'S GONNA COST
  • 00:56:33.231 --> 00:56:34.265
  • IF IT'S GONNA COSTME MY LIFE, THESE GUYS
  • 00:56:34.265 --> 00:56:35.400
  • ME MY LIFE, THESE GUYSLIVED THAT.
  • 00:56:35.400 --> 00:56:36.434
  • LIVED THAT.THEY BELIEVED IT TO THE
  • 00:56:36.434 --> 00:56:37.802
  • THEY BELIEVED IT TO THEPOINT WHERE NOTHING ELSE
  • 00:56:37.802 --> 00:56:43.174
  • POINT WHERE NOTHING ELSEMATTERED.
  • 00:56:43.174 --> 00:56:43.708
  • MATTERED.- JAMIE: SO OFTEN, THE
  • 00:56:43.708 --> 00:56:45.009
  • - JAMIE: SO OFTEN, THECHURCH GROWS IN THE MIDST
  • 00:56:45.009 --> 00:56:47.212
  • CHURCH GROWS IN THE MIDSTOF PERSECUTION.
  • 00:56:47.212 --> 00:56:48.780
  • OF PERSECUTION.I THINK IT'S IN PERIODS OF
  • 00:56:48.780 --> 00:56:50.381
  • I THINK IT'S IN PERIODS OFEASE THAT THE CHURCH
  • 00:56:50.381 --> 00:56:51.883
  • EASE THAT THE CHURCHSTAGNATES.
  • 00:56:51.883 --> 00:56:53.284
  • STAGNATES.YOU LOOK AT CHURCH
  • 00:56:53.284 --> 00:56:54.185
  • YOU LOOK AT CHURCHHISTORY, AND YOU'LL SEE
  • 00:56:54.185 --> 00:56:55.620
  • HISTORY, AND YOU'LL SEETHAT IT'S PERSECUTION THAT
  • 00:56:55.620 --> 00:56:57.655
  • THAT IT'S PERSECUTION THATLEADS TO PROCLAMATION AND
  • 00:56:57.655 --> 00:57:01.726
  • LEADS TO PROCLAMATION ANDLEADS TO EXPANSION.
  • 00:57:01.726 --> 00:57:03.728
  • LEADS TO EXPANSION.AS CHRISTIANS LIVE OUT
  • 00:57:03.728 --> 00:57:05.597
  • AS CHRISTIANS LIVE OUTTHEIR FAITH IN THE MIDST
  • 00:57:05.597 --> 00:57:06.498
  • THEIR FAITH IN THE MIDSTOF PERSECUTION, THAT'S
  • 00:57:06.498 --> 00:57:08.366
  • OF PERSECUTION, THAT'SWHEN THE GOSPEL IS
  • 00:57:08.366 --> 00:57:09.734
  • WHEN THE GOSPEL ISPROCLAIMED, THAT PEOPLE
  • 00:57:09.734 --> 00:57:11.035
  • PROCLAIMED, THAT PEOPLECAN SEE THE PEACE AND THE
  • 00:57:11.035 --> 00:57:13.238
  • CAN SEE THE PEACE AND THEJOY THAT YOU HAVE IN THE
  • 00:57:13.238 --> 00:57:15.106
  • JOY THAT YOU HAVE IN THEMIDST OF HARDSHIP,
  • 00:57:15.106 --> 00:57:17.141
  • MIDST OF HARDSHIP,THAT THAT IS CONTAGIOUS.
  • 00:57:17.141 --> 00:57:19.043
  • THAT THAT IS CONTAGIOUS.AND SO IT'S REALLY THROUGH
  • 00:57:19.043 --> 00:57:20.178
  • AND SO IT'S REALLY THROUGHPERSECUTION THAT THE
  • 00:57:20.178 --> 00:57:31.623
  • PERSECUTION THAT THEGOSPEL IS PROCLAIMED.
  • 00:57:31.623 --> 00:57:32.123
  • GOSPEL IS PROCLAIMED.- DENNIS: AND WHILE THE
  • 00:57:32.123 --> 00:57:32.957
  • - DENNIS: AND WHILE THEWORLD WOULD WAIT TO SEE IF
  • 00:57:32.957 --> 00:57:33.658
  • WORLD WOULD WAIT TO SEE IFPREDICTIONS OF
  • 00:57:33.658 --> 00:57:34.993
  • PREDICTIONS OFCONSTANTINE-ERA
  • 00:57:34.993 --> 00:57:35.860
  • CONSTANTINE-ERACONVERSIONS CAME TRUE,
  • 00:57:35.860 --> 00:57:37.762
  • CONVERSIONS CAME TRUE,TO THE SOUTH OF CHINA IN THE
  • 00:57:37.762 --> 00:57:39.664
  • TO THE SOUTH OF CHINA IN THELAND DOWN UNDER,
  • 00:57:39.664 --> 00:57:41.232
  • LAND DOWN UNDER,NEAR-TOTAL CONVERSION OF
  • 00:57:41.232 --> 00:57:42.133
  • NEAR-TOTAL CONVERSION OFTHE COUNTRY WAS ALREADY A
  • 00:57:42.133 --> 00:57:43.902
  • THE COUNTRY WAS ALREADY AREALITY.
  • 00:57:43.902 --> 00:57:44.903
  • REALITY.AUSTRALIA'S FIRST NATIONAL
  • 00:57:44.903 --> 00:57:47.171
  • AUSTRALIA'S FIRST NATIONALCENSUS CONDUCTED IN 1911,
  • 00:57:47.171 --> 00:57:49.641
  • CENSUS CONDUCTED IN 1911,SHOWED THAT 96% OF THE
  • 00:57:49.641 --> 00:57:51.442
  • SHOWED THAT 96% OF THEPOPULATION IDENTIFIED AS
  • 00:57:51.442 --> 00:57:52.110
  • POPULATION IDENTIFIED ASCHRISTIAN.
  • 00:57:52.110 --> 00:57:53.311
  • CHRISTIAN.HOW DID IT HAPPEN,
  • 00:57:53.311 --> 00:57:54.913
  • HOW DID IT HAPPEN,AND WERE THINGS REALLY
  • 00:57:54.913 --> 00:58:01.019
  • AND WERE THINGS REALLYAS THEY APPEARED?
  • 00:58:01.019 --> 00:58:13.665
  • AS THEY APPEARED?[MUSIC]
  • 00:58:13.665 --> 00:58:26.911

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