The Gospels | Episode 15 | TBN

The Gospels | Episode 15

Watch The Gospels | Episode 15
March 14, 2016
27:29

Drive Thru History: The Gospels

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The Gospels | Episode 15

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  • The Gospels," Jesus and his remaining 11 apostles had just
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  • finished the Passover meal.
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  • It was their last supper together
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  • before everything changed.
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • Dave: After the Passover meal was complete, Jesus and his
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  • disciples left the borrowed room and went to Gethsemane.
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  • Now, Gethsemane is an olive grove.
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  • You can see it right down here.
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  • It's by the Kidron Valley, on the lower slopes
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  • of the Mount of Olives.
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  • It's across the Kidron Valley from the Temple Mount,
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  • which you can see up there.
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  • Gethsemane means olive press in Hebrew.
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  • And it indicates that this was a commercial oil operation.
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  • Olive oil in the ancient world was a precious commodity, being
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  • used for everything from cooking, to cleaning,
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  • to skin care, to lamp fuel.
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  • In addition to olive presses,
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  • Gethsemane was full of olive trees.
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  • In fact, there's still an olive grove preserved here today.
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  • The shelter of these trees made it a great place
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  • to seek solitude.
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  • It appears that Jesus and his disciples would come to a
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  • particular spot, a garden area buried within the olive groves.
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  • Jesus would take his closest friends here to rest and pray
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  • after long days in the temple complex.
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  • But this time, it was different.
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  • Jesus was overwhelmed with anxiety.
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  • The Gospel of Matthew says that he told Peter, James, and John,
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  • "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death.
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  • Remain here, and watch with me," Matthew 26:38.
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  • The garden of Gethsemane, here at the foot of the Mount of
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  • Olives, is now protected by the walled grounds of the Church of
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  • All Nations, also known as the Church of the Agony.
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  • It's a peaceful garden among a grove of ancient olive trees,
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  • looking back at the eastern wall of the city of Jerusalem.
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  • It's here that the Gospel of Luke says, "Jesus knelt down
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  • and prayed, 'Father, if you are willing,
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  • remove this cup from me.
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  • Nevertheless, not my will, but yours be done.'
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  • And there appeared to him an angel from heaven,
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  • strengthening him.
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  • And being in agony, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat
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  • became like great drops of blood, falling down to the
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  • ground," Luke 22:42-44.
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  • Never before had Jesus' closest disciples heard such language
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  • from their teacher, and never before had they seen
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  • Jesus in such anguish.
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  • The Scripture even goes on to tell us that Jesus
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  • sweated drops of blood.
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  • Now today, the medical community calls this very rare condition
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  • hematidrosis, or blood sweat, where the blood oozes from the
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  • forehead or the tear ducts, the nose, or the nails.
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  • It can be caused by severe distress, and obviously Jesus
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  • was in severe distress.
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  • Gethsemane, the name of the olive grove itself even
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  • contributes to the agony of the scene.
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  • Hebrew "gat" means press, and "shemen" means oil.
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  • It was as if Jesus' sorrow was so intense that he was being
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  • pressed, squeezed, crushed under the weight
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  • of a huge olive press.
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  • Jesus fully understood everything
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  • that was about to transpire.
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  • And his prayer, "Nevertheless, not my will, but yours be done,"
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  • was such an important moment in time.
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  • Some have said that that was the point that the entire battle was
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  • won, the final point of resolve to see his mission through to
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  • the end, no turning back.
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  • Jesus understood his identity.
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  • He understood his destiny.
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  • Jesus himself would be the final Passover
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  • lamb that was to be slain.
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  • Likely bolder now than before he left to pray,
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  • Jesus reconvened with his disciples and said this.
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  • "See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into
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  • the hands of sinners.
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  • Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand,"
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  • Matthew 26:45-46.
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  • As I walk through the garden of Gethsemane today, it's
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  • remarkable to know that this section of trees dates to
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  • between 1.500 and 2.000 years ago.
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  • See those thick, gnarly trunks?
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  • Many scholars believe that these actual trees have been pruned
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  • back each year since the time of Jesus.
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  • So, it's very possible that a few of these trees had a front
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  • row seat for what transpired next.
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  • "Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus
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  • often met there with his disciples.
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  • So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers
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  • from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with
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  • lanterns and torches and weapons.
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  • Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came
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  • forward and said to them, 'Whom do you seek?'
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  • They answered him, 'Jesus of Nazareth.'
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  • Jesus said to them, 'I am he,'" John 18:2-5.
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  • Jesus, now a man fully resolved, faced Judas and the detachment
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  • of soldiers head on.
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  • He identified himself and willingly gave himself
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  • over to them.
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  • "Following his arrest, Jesus was taken to the former Jewish high
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  • priest Annas, who questioned Jesus about his disciples
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  • and his teaching.
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  • Jesus answered him, 'I have spoken openly to the world.
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  • I have always taught in the synagogues and in the temple
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  • where all Jews come together.
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  • I have said nothing in secret.
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  • Why do you ask me?
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  • Ask those who have heard me what I said to them.
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  • They know what I said.'
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  • And when he said these things, one of the
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  • officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying,
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  • 'Is that how you answer the high priest?' Jesus answered him,
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  • 'If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong.
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  • But if what I said is right, why do you strike me?'
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  • Annas then sent him bound to Caiaphas, the high priest,"
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  • John 18:20-24.
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  • As we learned in a previous episode, it was Caiaphas, the
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  • son-in-law of Annas, who had advised the Jews that, quote,
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  • "It would be expedient that one man should die for the people."
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  • Obviously, Caiaphas had stacked the deck against Jesus.
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  • The Gospel of John tells us that Peter and another disciple
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  • followed at a distance into the courtyard
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  • of the high priest that night.
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  • All the other disciples scattered after Jesus' arrest.
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  • Although the precise location of the high priest's courtyard is
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  • unknown, it was probably located in this area, which was the
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  • affluent part of Jerusalem known as the upper city.
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  • Archaeologists have uncovered ruins of beautiful homes in the
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  • upper city that included enclosed central courtyards.
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  • Now, I don't know what the whole scene would have looked like as
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  • they were escorting Jesus through the city that night,
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  • but it was probably pretty intense, which is likely why
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  • Peter was following at a distance.
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  • Now, Peter ended up in the courtyard of the high priest.
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  • The high priest would have lived in a house
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  • very much like this one.
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  • I'm walking through the remains
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  • of a 1st century priestly mansion.
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  • In fact, it could have actually been this house.
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  • We don't know for sure.
  • 00:08:59.240 --> 00:09:02.150
  • Now, remember when Jesus told Peter that he would deny him
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  • three times before the rooster crowed at dawn?
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  • Well, sure enough, that night, while Peter was warming himself
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  • by the fire in the courtyard of the high priest, Peter was
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  • challenged three times to associate himself with Jesus.
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  • All three times, Peter denied his Lord.
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  • "I do not know him," Peter said.
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  • It was during this third denial of Jesus
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  • that the rooster crowed.
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  • "'Certainly this man was also with him,
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  • for he too is a Galilean.'
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  • But Peter said, 'Man, I do not know
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  • what you are talking about.'
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  • And immediately, while he was still speaking,
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  • the rooster crowed.
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  • And the Lord turned and looked at Peter, and Peter remembered
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  • the saying of the Lord, how he had said to him,
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  • 'Before the rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.'
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  • And he went out and wept bitterly," Luke 22:59-62.
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  • Speaking of Jesus' identity, now is a perfect opportunity
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  • to return to a few of the clues.
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  • Now, as we've learned so far in this series "Drive Thru History:
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  • The Gospels," Jesus often punctuated his teachings
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  • with the statement, "I am," fill in the blank.
  • 00:10:26.260 --> 00:10:31.250
  • In fact, in our last episode, at an event known as the Last
  • 00:10:31.260 --> 00:10:34.200
  • Supper, Jesus delivered two "I am" statements.
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  • First, when responding to Thomas about going to prepare a place
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  • for his followers, Jesus said, "I am the way, and the truth,
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  • and the life.
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  • No one comes to the Father except through me," John 14:6.
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  • And then, when instructing his followers to stay connected to
  • 00:10:57.030 --> 00:11:00.280
  • him for a productive life, Jesus said, "I am the vine,
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  • and you are the branches.
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  • If you remain in me, and I in you, you will bear much fruit,
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  • for apart from me you can do nothing," John 15:5.
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  • According to biblical scholars, there are seven "I am"
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  • statements of Jesus, all found in the Gospel of John.
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  • In addition to the two from the Last Supper,
  • 00:11:26.270 --> 00:11:29.140
  • we've examined five others in our previous episodes.
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  • Remember Jesus saying, "I am the bread of life" in John 6?
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  • "I am the light of the world" in John 8?
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  • "I am the gate" and "I am the good shepherd" in John 10?
  • 00:11:40.240 --> 00:11:45.220
  • And "I am the resurrection and the life" in John 11?
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  • Like a puzzle, these seven "I am" statements are hidden
  • 00:11:51.290 --> 00:11:55.240
  • throughout the Gospel of John, each giving us a clue
  • 00:11:55.250 --> 00:11:59.030
  • as to the true identity of Jesus.
  • 00:11:59.040 --> 00:12:03.070
  • But it was here at the makeshift trial of Jesus before the high
  • 00:12:03.080 --> 00:12:07.080
  • priest and the council of the Sanhedrin that Jesus' statement,
  • 00:12:07.090 --> 00:12:11.110
  • "I am," caused the greatest uproar.
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  • "When day came, they led Jesus to the high priest Caiaphas,
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  • and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came
  • 00:12:20.000 --> 00:12:23.180
  • together in the council of the Sanhedrin.
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  • Now, the chief priests and the whole council were seeking
  • 00:12:27.100 --> 00:12:30.230
  • testimony against Jesus to put him to death, but they found
  • 00:12:30.240 --> 00:12:34.160
  • none, for many bore false witness against him,
  • 00:12:34.170 --> 00:12:38.040
  • but their testimony did not agree.
  • 00:12:38.050 --> 00:12:41.030
  • And the high priest stood up in their midst, and asked Jesus,
  • 00:12:41.040 --> 00:12:44.290
  • 'Have you no answer to make?
  • 00:12:45.000 --> 00:12:47.140
  • What is it that these men testify against you?'
  • 00:12:47.150 --> 00:12:50.280
  • But he remained silent and made no answer.
  • 00:12:50.290 --> 00:12:54.240
  • Again, the high priest asked him,
  • 00:12:54.250 --> 00:12:56.270
  • 'Are you the Christ, the Son of the blessing?'
  • 00:12:56.280 --> 00:13:00.150
  • And Jesus said, 'I am, and you will see the Son of Man
  • 00:13:00.160 --> 00:13:04.250
  • seated at the right hand of power, and coming
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  • with the clouds of heaven.'
  • 00:13:08.050 --> 00:13:10.240
  • And the high priest tore his garments and said,
  • 00:13:10.250 --> 00:13:14.070
  • 'What further witnesses do we need?
  • 00:13:14.080 --> 00:13:16.220
  • You have heard his blasphemy.
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  • What is your decision?'
  • 00:13:19.000 --> 00:13:21.000
  • And they all condemned him as deserving death,"
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  • Mark 14:55-64.
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  • What was going on here?
  • 00:13:29.130 --> 00:13:30.290
  • Why was this simple statement of "I am" considered such blasphemy
  • 00:13:31.000 --> 00:13:35.080
  • to the ears of the religious authorities?
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  • Maybe a little context is in order.
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  • In a previous debate with the Jewish leaders, Jesus claimed to
  • 00:13:41.170 --> 00:13:45.110
  • have seen Abraham, Abraham who is considered to be the father
  • 00:13:45.120 --> 00:13:50.010
  • of the Hebrew people for nearly 2.000 years earlier.
  • 00:13:50.020 --> 00:13:54.060
  • Now, when they challenged Jesus, he replied to them,
  • 00:13:54.070 --> 00:13:57.000
  • "Before Abraham was, I am," John 8:58.
  • 00:13:57.010 --> 00:14:03.010
  • Now, this reference to "I am" in the Hebrew language was
  • 00:14:03.020 --> 00:14:05.270
  • specifically reserved for God himself, and it was therefore
  • 00:14:05.280 --> 00:14:10.000
  • considered to be the ultimate blasphemy.
  • 00:14:10.010 --> 00:14:13.150
  • Simply uttering the words prompted the Jewish leaders
  • 00:14:13.160 --> 00:14:16.030
  • to attempt to stone Jesus, but he escaped.
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  • You see, the Hebrew word translated as Lord throughout
  • 00:14:19.260 --> 00:14:22.270
  • the New Testament and is sometimes rendered Lord in the
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  • Old Testament was probably pronounced "Yahweh"
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  • and comes from the Hebrew verb "to be."
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  • It was the special name that God revealed to Moses
  • 00:14:33.260 --> 00:14:37.150
  • at the burning bush.
  • 00:14:37.160 --> 00:14:39.230
  • "Then Moses said to God, 'If I come to the people of Israel and
  • 00:14:39.240 --> 00:14:43.260
  • say to them, "The God of your fathers has sent me to you,"
  • 00:14:43.270 --> 00:14:47.080
  • and they ask me, "What is his name?"
  • 00:14:47.090 --> 00:14:49.230
  • what shall I say to them?' God said to Moses, 'I am who I am.'
  • 00:14:49.240 --> 00:14:55.100
  • And he said, 'Say this to the people of Israel:
  • 00:14:55.110 --> 00:14:58.220
  • "I am has sent me to you."
  • 00:14:58.230 --> 00:15:01.260
  • This is my name forever, and thus I am to be remembered
  • 00:15:01.270 --> 00:15:06.110
  • throughout all generations,'" Exodus 3:13-15.
  • 00:15:06.120 --> 00:15:12.160
  • In this context, "I am" is the very name of God
  • 00:15:12.170 --> 00:15:16.180
  • to the Hebrew people.
  • 00:15:16.190 --> 00:15:18.180
  • "I am" declares God's absolute being, the source of everything,
  • 00:15:18.190 --> 00:15:23.200
  • without beginning and without end.
  • 00:15:23.210 --> 00:15:26.150
  • Therefore, before the high priest and the council of the
  • 00:15:26.160 --> 00:15:28.240
  • elders, Jesus was not only declaring himself to be the
  • 00:15:28.250 --> 00:15:31.290
  • Christ, the Messiah, the Savior of the world, but God himself.
  • 00:15:32.000 --> 00:15:37.030
  • He was making a claim of divinity.
  • 00:15:37.040 --> 00:15:40.280
  • In the Jewish context, Jesus was making himself out to be God
  • 00:15:40.290 --> 00:15:45.180
  • when he declared, "I am."
  • 00:15:45.190 --> 00:15:49.010
  • Now, since the Jewish authorities were seeking the
  • 00:15:56.100 --> 00:15:58.270
  • death penalty for Jesus, they had to involve the Romans, who
  • 00:15:58.280 --> 00:16:03.060
  • maintained the legal authority to inflict capital punishment
  • 00:16:03.070 --> 00:16:07.160
  • throughout Judea.
  • 00:16:07.170 --> 00:16:09.090
  • The Gospel of John says this.
  • 00:16:09.100 --> 00:16:12.280
  • "Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the
  • 00:16:12.290 --> 00:16:15.280
  • governor's headquarters.
  • 00:16:15.290 --> 00:16:17.250
  • It was very early morning.
  • 00:16:17.260 --> 00:16:19.280
  • They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters so
  • 00:16:19.290 --> 00:16:23.060
  • that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover.
  • 00:16:23.070 --> 00:16:26.290
  • So, Pilate went outside to them and said,
  • 00:16:27.000 --> 00:16:29.260
  • 'What accusation do you bring against this man?'
  • 00:16:29.270 --> 00:16:33.190
  • They answered him, 'If this man were not doing evil,
  • 00:16:33.200 --> 00:16:37.190
  • we would not have delivered him over to you.'
  • 00:16:37.200 --> 00:16:40.180
  • Pilate said to them, 'Take him yourselves
  • 00:16:40.190 --> 00:16:43.040
  • and judge him by your own law.'
  • 00:16:43.050 --> 00:16:45.180
  • The Jews said to him, 'It is not lawful for us to
  • 00:16:45.190 --> 00:16:48.230
  • put anyone to death,'" John 18:28-31.
  • 00:16:48.240 --> 00:16:54.040
  • As you'll recall from a previous episode, Pontius Pilate was on
  • 00:16:54.050 --> 00:16:58.030
  • the scene from 26 to 36 AD.
  • 00:16:58.040 --> 00:17:02.290
  • The historical record is clear.
  • 00:17:03.000 --> 00:17:05.070
  • Pilate was the Roman prefect of Judea at the time
  • 00:17:05.080 --> 00:17:08.180
  • of the arrest of Jesus.
  • 00:17:08.190 --> 00:17:11.030
  • Furthermore, in addition to the gospel accounts, two important
  • 00:17:11.040 --> 00:17:14.260
  • historians from the 1st and 2nd centuries, Josephus and
  • 00:17:14.270 --> 00:17:18.280
  • Tacitus, also mention the trial of Jesus being presided
  • 00:17:18.290 --> 00:17:23.180
  • over by Pontius Pilate.
  • 00:17:23.190 --> 00:17:27.050
  • Now, we know from earlier in the gospel narrative that the trial
  • 00:17:28.110 --> 00:17:31.190
  • of Jesus before Pilate occurred in Jerusalem.
  • 00:17:31.200 --> 00:17:35.180
  • The Gospels Matthew, Mark, and John also point to some specific
  • 00:17:35.190 --> 00:17:39.220
  • references: the Praetorium, the judgment seat, the pavements,
  • 00:17:39.230 --> 00:17:44.260
  • and the enclosed courtyard.
  • 00:17:44.270 --> 00:17:47.120
  • All of these things provide together some clues to an actual
  • 00:17:47.130 --> 00:17:51.110
  • location for this event.
  • 00:17:51.120 --> 00:17:53.290
  • The Praetorium was the residence of the Roman prefect of Judea
  • 00:17:54.000 --> 00:17:58.080
  • province, who at the time was Pontius Pilate.
  • 00:17:58.090 --> 00:18:01.240
  • Now, the structure received its name from prior Roman usage
  • 00:18:01.250 --> 00:18:05.130
  • referring to the place that a commander resided.
  • 00:18:05.140 --> 00:18:09.030
  • Now, archaeological research has indicated that the remains of
  • 00:18:09.040 --> 00:18:12.140
  • Herod the Great's palace became the residence for the governor,
  • 00:18:12.150 --> 00:18:17.000
  • or the Praetorium.
  • 00:18:17.010 --> 00:18:18.270
  • Now, a few decades ago, some excavation took place here on
  • 00:18:18.280 --> 00:18:22.100
  • the western side of the old city walls of Jerusalem, although
  • 00:18:22.110 --> 00:18:26.260
  • many of the remains from the Roman period were destroyed
  • 00:18:26.270 --> 00:18:29.250
  • or used in later construction.
  • 00:18:29.260 --> 00:18:32.220
  • Let's unpack these Biblical clues from the gospels to an
  • 00:18:33.250 --> 00:18:37.050
  • actual location for this event.
  • 00:18:37.060 --> 00:18:40.000
  • The Praetorium.
  • 00:18:40.010 --> 00:18:41.270
  • As we just learned, this was the residence of the Roman
  • 00:18:41.280 --> 00:18:44.140
  • prefect Pontius Pilate.
  • 00:18:44.150 --> 00:18:46.260
  • Research now points to Herod the Great's former palace
  • 00:18:46.270 --> 00:18:50.080
  • being the Praetorium.
  • 00:18:50.090 --> 00:18:52.240
  • The judgment seat.
  • 00:18:52.250 --> 00:18:54.130
  • In Greek, this was known as the bema.
  • 00:18:54.140 --> 00:18:56.220
  • It was a raised platform that acted as a judicial bench.
  • 00:18:56.230 --> 00:19:00.140
  • The judgment seats at the Praetorium in Jerusalem was
  • 00:19:00.150 --> 00:19:03.150
  • discovered here right outside the city wall.
  • 00:19:03.160 --> 00:19:07.150
  • The pavement.
  • 00:19:07.160 --> 00:19:08.250
  • In Hebrew, this was known as Gabatha,
  • 00:19:08.260 --> 00:19:11.040
  • a courtyard paved with flat stones.
  • 00:19:11.050 --> 00:19:13.150
  • Part of the pavement from the courtyard outside the Praetorium
  • 00:19:13.160 --> 00:19:16.260
  • in Jerusalem is still preserved and can be
  • 00:19:16.270 --> 00:19:19.140
  • seen right here today.
  • 00:19:19.150 --> 00:19:21.200
  • This location was covered by dirt and debris for centuries.
  • 00:19:21.210 --> 00:19:26.190
  • The Gospel of Luke continues with the Jewish religious
  • 00:19:28.260 --> 00:19:32.030
  • leaders making some wild and somewhat embellished accusations
  • 00:19:32.040 --> 00:19:36.070
  • against Jesus before Pilate.
  • 00:19:36.080 --> 00:19:38.260
  • "'We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding us
  • 00:19:38.270 --> 00:19:42.150
  • to give tribute to Caesar,
  • 00:19:42.160 --> 00:19:44.090
  • and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.'
  • 00:19:44.100 --> 00:19:48.070
  • And Pilate asked him, 'Are you the king of the Jews?'
  • 00:19:48.080 --> 00:19:52.040
  • And he answered him, 'You have said so.'
  • 00:19:52.050 --> 00:19:55.140
  • Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds,
  • 00:19:55.150 --> 00:19:58.190
  • 'I find no guilt in this man.'
  • 00:19:58.200 --> 00:20:01.200
  • But they were urgent, saying, 'He stirs up the people,
  • 00:20:01.210 --> 00:20:05.010
  • teaching throughout all Judea,
  • 00:20:05.020 --> 00:20:07.040
  • from Galilee, even to this place.'
  • 00:20:07.050 --> 00:20:10.010
  • When Pilate heard this, he asked whether
  • 00:20:10.020 --> 00:20:12.010
  • the man was a Galilean.
  • 00:20:12.020 --> 00:20:14.080
  • And when he learned that he belonged to Herod's
  • 00:20:14.090 --> 00:20:16.190
  • jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in
  • 00:20:16.200 --> 00:20:21.140
  • Jerusalem at that time," Luke 23:2-7.
  • 00:20:21.150 --> 00:20:26.200
  • As you'll recall from prior episodes, Herod Antipas
  • 00:20:26.210 --> 00:20:30.050
  • was the son of Herod the Great.
  • 00:20:30.060 --> 00:20:32.250
  • Rome appointed him as the local ruler or tetrarch of Galilee
  • 00:20:32.260 --> 00:20:37.190
  • after his father died in 4 BC.
  • 00:20:37.200 --> 00:20:41.110
  • Herod Antipas built his capital in Tiberius on the western shore
  • 00:20:41.120 --> 00:20:45.210
  • of the Sea of Galilee.
  • 00:20:45.220 --> 00:20:48.060
  • According to the gospel accounts, Herod Antipas was the
  • 00:20:48.070 --> 00:20:51.230
  • one who arrested and killed John the Baptizer
  • 00:20:51.240 --> 00:20:54.240
  • a few years earlier.
  • 00:20:54.250 --> 00:20:58.000
  • Although Herod Antipas ruled from the region of Galilee, it
  • 00:21:01.190 --> 00:21:05.210
  • appears he was visiting Jerusalem in Judea during the
  • 00:21:05.220 --> 00:21:09.030
  • Passover festivities.
  • 00:21:09.040 --> 00:21:10.290
  • Most likely, he was staying at a palatial mansion
  • 00:21:11.000 --> 00:21:14.030
  • in the upper city of Jerusalem.
  • 00:21:14.040 --> 00:21:16.290
  • "When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long
  • 00:21:17.000 --> 00:21:20.150
  • desired to see him because he had heard about him,
  • 00:21:20.160 --> 00:21:23.270
  • and he was hoping to see some sign done by him.
  • 00:21:23.280 --> 00:21:27.150
  • So, he questioned him at some length, but he made no answer.
  • 00:21:27.160 --> 00:21:31.120
  • The chief priests and the scribes stood by,
  • 00:21:31.130 --> 00:21:34.040
  • vehemently accusing him.
  • 00:21:34.050 --> 00:21:36.140
  • And Herod with his soldiers treated him
  • 00:21:36.150 --> 00:21:38.180
  • with contempt and mocked him.
  • 00:21:38.190 --> 00:21:41.040
  • Then, arraying him in splendid clothing,
  • 00:21:41.050 --> 00:21:44.130
  • he sent him back to Pilate."
  • 00:21:44.140 --> 00:21:47.020
  • Luke 23:8-11.
  • 00:21:47.030 --> 00:21:50.000
  • So, picture the scene.
  • 00:21:50.010 --> 00:21:51.190
  • Pilate escorts Jesus from the Praetorium, through these gates,
  • 00:21:51.200 --> 00:21:56.010
  • and on to the pavement.
  • 00:21:56.020 --> 00:21:57.200
  • He sits at the judgment seat right here, and presents Jesus
  • 00:21:57.210 --> 00:22:01.170
  • before the crowd of Judeans who had gathered there.
  • 00:22:01.180 --> 00:22:05.070
  • As we're about to hear, this is where Pilate makes the case to
  • 00:22:05.080 --> 00:22:08.130
  • punish and release Jesus.
  • 00:22:08.140 --> 00:22:10.240
  • This is also where we're about to hear the crowd's
  • 00:22:10.250 --> 00:22:13.100
  • response of, "Crucify him."
  • 00:22:13.110 --> 00:22:17.040
  • "Pilate then called together the chief priests and the rulers of
  • 00:22:17.050 --> 00:22:20.140
  • the people, and said to them, 'You brought me this man as one
  • 00:22:20.150 --> 00:22:24.080
  • who was misleading the people.
  • 00:22:24.090 --> 00:22:26.070
  • And after examining him before you, behold, I do not find this
  • 00:22:26.080 --> 00:22:29.210
  • man guilty of any of your charges against him.
  • 00:22:29.220 --> 00:22:33.260
  • Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us.
  • 00:22:33.270 --> 00:22:36.270
  • Look, nothing deserving death has been done by him.
  • 00:22:36.280 --> 00:22:40.200
  • I will therefore punish and release him,'" Luke 23:13-16.
  • 00:22:40.210 --> 00:22:47.140
  • The Gospel of John then goes on and gives us a detailed account
  • 00:22:47.150 --> 00:22:52.050
  • of the personal dialogue between Jesus and Pilate.
  • 00:22:52.060 --> 00:22:56.140
  • Here again we see the epic clash of kingdoms as we catch
  • 00:22:56.150 --> 00:23:01.050
  • a glimpse of the struggle between these two very
  • 00:23:01.060 --> 00:23:04.020
  • different types of empires.
  • 00:23:04.030 --> 00:23:07.120
  • "Therefore Pilate entered again into the Praetorium, and
  • 00:23:07.130 --> 00:23:10.180
  • summoned Jesus and said to him, 'Are you the king of the Jews?'
  • 00:23:10.190 --> 00:23:15.070
  • Jesus answered, 'Are you saying this on your own initiative, or
  • 00:23:15.080 --> 00:23:18.230
  • did others tell you about me?'
  • 00:23:18.240 --> 00:23:21.010
  • Pilate answered, 'I am not a Jew, am I?
  • 00:23:21.020 --> 00:23:23.260
  • Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me.
  • 00:23:23.270 --> 00:23:27.130
  • What have you done?'
  • 00:23:27.140 --> 00:23:29.040
  • Jesus answered, 'My kingdom is not of this world.
  • 00:23:29.050 --> 00:23:33.030
  • If my kingdom were of this world, then my servants would be
  • 00:23:33.040 --> 00:23:35.250
  • fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews.
  • 00:23:35.260 --> 00:23:39.130
  • But as it is, my kingdom is not of this realm.'
  • 00:23:39.140 --> 00:23:43.050
  • Therefore, Pilate said to him, 'So you are a king.'
  • 00:23:43.060 --> 00:23:46.150
  • Jesus answered, 'You say correctly that I am a king.
  • 00:23:46.160 --> 00:23:49.240
  • For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the
  • 00:23:49.250 --> 00:23:52.250
  • world, to testify to the truth.
  • 00:23:52.260 --> 00:23:56.200
  • Everyone who is of the truth hears my voice.'
  • 00:23:56.210 --> 00:24:00.120
  • Pilate said to him, 'What is truth?'" John 18:33-38.
  • 00:24:00.130 --> 00:24:07.080
  • "Pilate then took Jesus and scourged him, and the soldiers
  • 00:24:07.090 --> 00:24:11.100
  • twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head,
  • 00:24:11.110 --> 00:24:15.050
  • and put a purple robe on him, and they began to come up to him
  • 00:24:15.060 --> 00:24:17.290
  • and say, 'Hail, king of the Jews,'
  • 00:24:18.000 --> 00:24:20.130
  • and to give him slaps in the face.
  • 00:24:20.140 --> 00:24:22.270
  • Pilate came out again and said to them,
  • 00:24:22.280 --> 00:24:25.000
  • 'Behold, I am bringing him out to you so that you may
  • 00:24:25.010 --> 00:24:27.210
  • know that I find no guilt in him.'
  • 00:24:27.220 --> 00:24:30.220
  • Jesus then came out, wearing the crown of thorns
  • 00:24:30.230 --> 00:24:34.080
  • and the purple robe.
  • 00:24:34.090 --> 00:24:36.010
  • Pilate said to them, 'Behold the man.'
  • 00:24:36.020 --> 00:24:41.040
  • So when the chief priests and the officers saw him,
  • 00:24:42.250 --> 00:24:45.160
  • they cried out, saying, 'Crucify, crucify.'
  • 00:24:45.170 --> 00:24:49.140
  • Pilate said to them, 'Take him yourselves and crucify
  • 00:24:49.150 --> 00:24:52.110
  • him, for I find no guilt in him.'
  • 00:24:52.120 --> 00:24:55.270
  • The Jews answered him, 'We have a law, and by that law
  • 00:24:55.280 --> 00:24:59.160
  • he ought to die because he made himself out to be
  • 00:24:59.170 --> 00:25:02.030
  • the Son of God,'" John 19:1-7.
  • 00:25:02.040 --> 00:25:07.170
  • "Pilate returned to the Praetorium and continued
  • 00:25:07.180 --> 00:25:09.290
  • questioning Jesus.
  • 00:25:10.000 --> 00:25:11.270
  • Once more, Pilate brought Jesus out before the crowd.
  • 00:25:11.280 --> 00:25:16.090
  • He brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a
  • 00:25:16.100 --> 00:25:20.010
  • place called the pavement, but in Hebrew Gabatha.
  • 00:25:20.020 --> 00:25:23.230
  • Now, it was the day of preparation for the Passover.
  • 00:25:23.240 --> 00:25:27.020
  • It was about the sixth hour.
  • 00:25:27.030 --> 00:25:29.090
  • And he said to the Jews, 'Behold, your king.'
  • 00:25:29.100 --> 00:25:33.040
  • So they cried out, 'Away with him, away with him.
  • 00:25:33.050 --> 00:25:36.100
  • Crucify him.'
  • 00:25:36.110 --> 00:25:38.150
  • Pilate said to them, 'Shall I crucify your king?'
  • 00:25:38.160 --> 00:25:42.130
  • The chief priests answered, 'We have no king but Caesar.'
  • 00:25:42.140 --> 00:25:47.270
  • So he then handed him over to them to be crucified,"
  • 00:25:47.280 --> 00:25:52.100
  • John 19:13-16.
  • 00:25:52.110 --> 00:25:55.260
  • In the end, all four gospel accounts tell us that the people
  • 00:25:55.270 --> 00:26:00.160
  • cried out for Jesus' death.
  • 00:26:00.170 --> 00:26:03.270
  • His destiny was at hand.
  • 00:26:03.280 --> 00:26:08.050
  • [music]
  • 00:26:10.070 --> 00:26:18.250
  • [music]
  • 00:26:19.260 --> 00:26:29.270
  • [music]
  • 00:26:29.270 --> 00:26:29.280
  • [music]
  • 00:26:29.280 --> 00:26:34.250
  • [music]
  • 00:26:34.260 --> 00:26:44.270
  • [music]
  • 00:26:44.270 --> 00:26:44.280
  • [music]
  • 00:26:44.280 --> 00:26:49.250
  • [music]
  • 00:26:49.260 --> 00:27:02.170