The Gospels | Episode 14 | TBN

The Gospels | Episode 14

Watch The Gospels | Episode 14
March 7, 2016
27:29

Drive Thru History: The Gospels

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The Gospels | Episode 14

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  • History--The Gospels," we followed Jesus during his last
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  • few days of ministry.
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  • Jesus continued to challenge the religious and political
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  • authorities in and around Jerusalem.
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  • After teaching in the temple, Jesus and his disciples would
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  • exit the Golden Gate, cross the Kidron Valley, and relax on the
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  • Mount of Olives, opposite the Temple Mount.
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  • [music]
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  • [music]
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  • Dave: On one of those days, as they were exiting the temple
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  • complex, one of the disciples said to Jesus, "Look, Teacher,
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  • what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!"
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  • And Jesus said to him, "Do you see these great buildings?
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  • There will not be left here one stone upon another
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  • that will not be thrown down."
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  • Mark 13:1-2.
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  • Did they hear Jesus right?
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  • Was he predicting the total destruction of the temple, the
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  • magnificent complex, the crown jewel of Jerusalem that had
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  • taken a half a century to build?
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  • As he sat on the Mount of Olives, opposite the temple,
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  • Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately, "Tell us,
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  • when will these things be?
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  • What will be the sign when all these things
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  • are about to be accomplished?"
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  • Mark 13:3-4.
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  • Then Jesus went on to deliver a cryptic account of the
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  • signs of the things to come.
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  • He mentioned nation rising against nation, kingdom rising
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  • against kingdom, earthquakes, and famines.
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  • Even the sun, moon, and stars would be dramatically affected.
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  • Jesus foretold the destruction of Jerusalem, and he warned his
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  • followers to be on their guard for they would be arrested,
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  • tried, tortured, and killed on account
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  • of his association with him.
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  • Jesus talked about terrible times in the future,
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  • but he also gave hope for his glorious return
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  • to set things right again.
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  • Now the theologians have debated over the centuries what Jesus
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  • really meant in his discussion of the end times.
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  • There's a wide variety of opinions about these gospel
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  • passages, especially about the times and the seasons
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  • and the signs of this end-of-day scenario.
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  • But what we do know is that in 70 A.D.,
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  • some 37 years after Jesus gave this prediction,
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  • Rome sacked Jerusalem and destroyed it.
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  • The historian Josephus actually witnessed the siege and
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  • aftermath and said, "Now, as soon as the army had no more
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  • people to slay or to plunder because there remained none to
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  • be the objects of their fury, Titus Caesar gave orders that
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  • they should now demolish the entire city and temple.
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  • Other than a few towers and forts for the Roman garrison,
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  • everything was destroyed.
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  • It was so thoroughly laid even with the ground by those that
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  • dug it up to the foundation, that there was left nothing to
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  • make those that came thither, believe Jerusalem
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  • had ever been inhabited.
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  • "The Wars of the Jews" or "History of the Destruction
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  • of Jerusalem," Book 7, Chapter 1.
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  • Then, about 60 years later, the Roman emperor Hadrian, commenced
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  • with finishing the job of the complete Romanization of
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  • Jerusalem and much of the land of Israel.
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  • By 135 A.D., nearly 600.000 Judeans were killed, and over
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  • 100.000 towns and villages were razed to the ground.
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  • The practice of the Mosaic law was prohibited.
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  • The sacred scrolls were burned, and circumcision was outlawed.
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  • After Hadrian, all that remained on the Temple Mount of Jerusalem
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  • were a few Roman statutes.
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  • In an attempt to erase the memory of Jerusalem and
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  • Judea, Hadrian renamed this territory Syria Palaestina,
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  • a complete eradication of Israel and Judea in favor
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  • of the ancient Philistines.
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  • And he renamed Jerusalem Aelia Capitolina, a loose combination
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  • of Hadrian's family name and a hill,
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  • commemorating the Roman God Jupiter.
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  • Now, the Jews were strictly forbidden from entering their
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  • capital except for once a year on the holiday that commemorated
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  • the destruction of the temple.
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  • These massive stones lying here at the base of the southern
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  • section of the Temple Mount are a testimony to the fulfilled
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  • prophecy of Jesus.
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  • From 70 to 135 A.D., the Roman soldiers completely stripped
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  • the Temple Mount bare.
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  • Every stone was thrown down, and the survivors, the remnants of
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  • the Jewish people, well, they were scattered
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  • to the four corners of the earth.
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  • Jerusalem, for the Passover, was really the place
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  • to be, kind of like Times Square on New Year's Eve,
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  • and things here were really beginning to heat up as
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  • the Passover feast drew near.
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  • The city was overflowing with pilgrims
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  • from all over the Roman world.
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  • And Jesus' talking about the coming destruction
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  • of the temple, really didn't help matters much
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  • with the religious leaders.
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  • In fact, the gospels tell us that they were seeking
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  • a way to put Jesus to death because they feared
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  • losing control of the people.
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  • It was under these circumstances that the
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  • Gospel of Luke then tells us that one of the 12 apostles,
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  • Judas Iscariot, turned on Jesus.
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  • You've heard it said, don't be a Judas.
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  • Well, that expression came from this story,
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  • making the name synonymous with traitors.
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  • The gospels say that Judas was driven by satanic influence,
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  • and that he sought out the religious leaders in Jerusalem
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  • to cut a deal with him.
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  • He would disclose the whereabouts of Jesus
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  • and turn him over at an opportune time.
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  • He went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers,
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  • how he might betray him to them, and they were glad
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  • and agreed to give him money.
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  • So he consented and sought an opportunity to betray him to
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  • them in the absence of a crowd.
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  • Luke 22:4-6.
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  • In the meantime, the Passover feast was nearly upon
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  • the people of Jerusalem.
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  • It was the Day of Unleavened Bread, the day on which the
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  • Passover lamb had to be prepared for sacrifice.
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  • "So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, 'Go and prepare the
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  • Passover for us that we may eat it.'
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  • They said to him,
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  • 'Where will you have us prepare it?'
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  • He said to them, 'Behold, when you have entered the city,
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  • a man carrying a jar of water will meet you.
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  • Follow him into the house that he enters and tell the master of
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  • the house, "The Teacher says to you, 'Where is the guest room,
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  • where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?'"
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  • And he will show you a large upper room, furnished.
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  • Prepare it there.'
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  • And they went and found it just as he had told them,
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  • and they prepared the Passover."
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  • Luke 22:8-13.
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  • Now, the Jewish Passover was celebrated every
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  • year in early spring.
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  • It was the main Jewish holiday, celebrating the time
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  • in the exodus when God delivered the Israelites
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  • from slavery in Egypt.
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  • Now, the Passover meal was eaten in remembrance of God passing
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  • over the houses of those who had sacrificed a lamb and sprinkled
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  • its blood on the wooden doorposts and mantels,
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  • while the angel of death visited those who had not sprinkled
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  • the blood of the lamb.
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  • The Hebrew Scriptures tell us that the angel of death was the
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  • final of ten plagues that God had sent to save the Israelites
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  • from Egyptian bondage.
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  • Now, the theme of the Jewish Passover was remembering
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  • the gift of salvation from slavery in Egypt.
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  • The Passover lamb was to be perfect and flawless
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  • and without blemish.
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  • It was to have no bones broken when sacrificed.
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  • Those who were covered by the blood of the lamb were saved
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  • from the angel of death.
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  • Remember when John the Baptizer first saw Jesus coming
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  • toward him at the Jordan River?
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  • He declared, "Look, the Lamb of God.
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  • He takes away the sin of the world!"
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  • John 1:29.
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  • It turns out that Jesus' role as the Lamb of God is central
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  • to the gospel message.
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  • Many believe that Jesus was the fulfillment of centuries of
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  • Passovers that had been observed before him.
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  • For many scholars, the slaying of the Passover lamb, in order
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  • for the death angel to pass over those who were covered
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  • by the blood, is the prophetic picture of Jesus.
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  • Now, the celebration of the Passover by Jesus and his
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  • apostles is known as The Last Supper.
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  • It's called The Last Supper because it was both a Passover
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  • meal and the final meal that Jesus shared with his disciples
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  • before his betrayal, arrest, and crucifixion.
  • 00:10:09.250 --> 00:10:14.170
  • Now, West of the Temple Mount, on Mount Zion, at a location
  • 00:10:14.180 --> 00:10:18.200
  • known as the Cenacle, this spot has been celebrated as the
  • 00:10:18.210 --> 00:10:23.010
  • location for The Last Supper since the 4th century
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  • when a church was built here.
  • 00:10:26.280 --> 00:10:29.180
  • However, early writers mentioned a Cenacle church on Mount Zion
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  • as early as the 2nd century A.D.
  • 00:10:34.020 --> 00:10:36.250
  • Well, even if this building isn't the exact spot, this
  • 00:10:36.260 --> 00:10:39.220
  • location has been the traditional site for the Upper
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  • Room since the 4th century A.D., fitting the description
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  • of a wealthy neighborhood and an Upper Room.
  • 00:10:46.270 --> 00:10:53.010
  • All four gospel accounts tell us that Jesus
  • 00:10:53.020 --> 00:10:55.120
  • and his apostles reclined at the table, strongly suggesting
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  • that this Passover meal was eaten around a triclinium,
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  • a traditional table used for special occasions.
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  • Leonardo da Vinci's famous 15th-century painting,
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  • known as "The Last Supper," shows Jesus and his disciples,
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  • sitting at a European-style table.
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  • However, the triclinium was a low, three-sided surface
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  • at which the guests reclined on their left elbow
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  • and ate with their right hand.
  • 00:11:23.090 --> 00:11:26.060
  • Typically, the placement of each guest at the triclinium
  • 00:11:26.070 --> 00:11:29.050
  • reflected a position of status, from the most important
  • 00:11:29.060 --> 00:11:32.170
  • to the least important person.
  • 00:11:32.180 --> 00:11:34.130
  • Within the cultural context, Jesus, the Rabbi,
  • 00:11:34.140 --> 00:11:37.120
  • was probably reclining in the highest position as the host.
  • 00:11:37.130 --> 00:11:41.060
  • According to the gospel of John, John was to the immediate right
  • 00:11:41.070 --> 00:11:45.000
  • of Jesus, while Judas Iscariot was somewhere close to his left.
  • 00:11:45.010 --> 00:11:49.170
  • We also learn a bit later in the account that Peter was
  • 00:11:49.180 --> 00:11:52.160
  • on the opposite side of the table from John.
  • 00:11:52.170 --> 00:11:55.180
  • It's very possible that Peter was in the servant's
  • 00:11:55.190 --> 00:11:58.100
  • position at the table.
  • 00:11:58.110 --> 00:12:00.220
  • But why would Peter be in the servant's spot at the table?
  • 00:12:00.230 --> 00:12:04.020
  • Certainly, Peter was in close relationship to Jesus and could
  • 00:12:04.030 --> 00:12:07.280
  • have been positioned at a place of honor.
  • 00:12:07.290 --> 00:12:10.060
  • Indeed, Jesus had changed Simon's name to Peter, the
  • 00:12:10.070 --> 00:12:14.140
  • "rock," and had given him the keys to the kingdom several
  • 00:12:14.150 --> 00:12:17.280
  • months earlier at Caesarea Philippi.
  • 00:12:17.290 --> 00:12:20.250
  • Jesus had definitely elevated Peter's
  • 00:12:20.260 --> 00:12:23.030
  • position within the Twelve.
  • 00:12:23.040 --> 00:12:25.070
  • So what was going on?
  • 00:12:25.080 --> 00:12:27.030
  • Note Peter's reaction when Jesus rose from the supper table
  • 00:12:27.040 --> 00:12:30.270
  • and did something unusual.
  • 00:12:30.280 --> 00:12:33.180
  • "Jesus laid aside his outer garments and, taking a towel,
  • 00:12:33.190 --> 00:12:37.120
  • tied it around his waist.
  • 00:12:37.130 --> 00:12:39.070
  • Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the
  • 00:12:39.080 --> 00:12:42.120
  • disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel
  • 00:12:42.130 --> 00:12:45.160
  • that was wrapped around him.
  • 00:12:45.170 --> 00:12:47.130
  • He came to Simon Peter, who said to him,
  • 00:12:47.140 --> 00:12:49.240
  • 'Lord, do you wash my feet?'
  • 00:12:49.250 --> 00:12:52.020
  • Jesus answered him, 'What I am doing, you do not
  • 00:12:52.030 --> 00:12:55.040
  • understand now, but afterward, you will understand.'"
  • 00:12:55.050 --> 00:12:59.070
  • John 13:4-7.
  • 00:12:59.080 --> 00:13:02.210
  • Now, the washing of the feet was an act that was
  • 00:13:02.220 --> 00:13:05.100
  • supposed to have been done by the servants at the table.
  • 00:13:05.110 --> 00:13:08.190
  • But it seems that person had not done his job,
  • 00:13:08.200 --> 00:13:11.180
  • so Jesus proceeded to do the job himself.
  • 00:13:11.190 --> 00:13:15.160
  • Now, nobody objected until Jesus got to Peter, who said,
  • 00:13:15.170 --> 00:13:20.090
  • "Lord, are you going to wash my feet?
  • 00:13:20.100 --> 00:13:24.180
  • No, you shall never wash my feet."
  • 00:13:24.190 --> 00:13:28.160
  • Maybe it was Peter who was sitting in the servant's
  • 00:13:28.170 --> 00:13:31.030
  • position at the table, and maybe Peter hadn't fulfilled his role,
  • 00:13:31.040 --> 00:13:35.200
  • therefore, Jesus got up and demonstrated true leadership
  • 00:13:35.210 --> 00:13:40.160
  • when he washed the feet of the apostles.
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  • "Do you understand what I have done to you?
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  • You call me Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am.
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  • If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet,
  • 00:13:52.050 --> 00:13:55.280
  • you ought to wash one another's feet.
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  • For I have given you an example, that you also should
  • 00:13:58.240 --> 00:14:01.090
  • do as I have done to you.
  • 00:14:01.100 --> 00:14:03.170
  • Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater
  • 00:14:03.180 --> 00:14:07.020
  • than his master, nor is a messenger greater than
  • 00:14:07.030 --> 00:14:10.130
  • the one who sent him.
  • 00:14:10.140 --> 00:14:12.140
  • If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them."
  • 00:14:12.150 --> 00:14:16.180
  • John 13:12-17.
  • 00:14:16.190 --> 00:14:21.110
  • After Jesus had demonstrated servant leadership
  • 00:14:22.220 --> 00:14:25.280
  • to his disciples, he returned to the table.
  • 00:14:25.290 --> 00:14:29.230
  • The Gospel of John says that he was troubled in his Spirit.
  • 00:14:29.240 --> 00:14:34.060
  • "Jesus said to them, 'Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you
  • 00:14:34.070 --> 00:14:37.270
  • will betray me.'
  • 00:14:37.280 --> 00:14:40.090
  • The disciples looked at one another,
  • 00:14:40.100 --> 00:14:42.040
  • uncertain of whom he spoke.
  • 00:14:42.050 --> 00:14:44.140
  • John asked, 'Lord, who is it?' Jesus answered,
  • 00:14:44.150 --> 00:14:48.220
  • 'It is he to whom I will give this morsel
  • 00:14:48.230 --> 00:14:51.260
  • of bread when I have dipped it.'
  • 00:14:51.270 --> 00:14:54.280
  • So when he dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas,
  • 00:14:54.290 --> 00:14:57.280
  • the son of Simon Iscariot."
  • 00:14:57.290 --> 00:15:01.100
  • The gospels continue.
  • 00:15:01.110 --> 00:15:03.090
  • "After receiving the bread from Jesus, Judas Iscariot
  • 00:15:03.100 --> 00:15:06.150
  • immediately went out of the room and into the night.
  • 00:15:06.160 --> 00:15:11.060
  • When Judas had left the group, Jesus said,
  • 00:15:11.070 --> 00:15:13.250
  • 'Now is the Son of Man glorified,
  • 00:15:13.260 --> 00:15:16.240
  • and God glorified in him.'"
  • 00:15:16.250 --> 00:15:20.050
  • John 13:31.
  • 00:15:20.060 --> 00:15:23.040
  • Then Jesus went on to tell his remaining 11 apostles
  • 00:15:23.050 --> 00:15:26.200
  • about leaving them for a while.
  • 00:15:26.210 --> 00:15:28.230
  • He also shared what he expected of them while he was gone.
  • 00:15:28.240 --> 00:15:32.290
  • "Where I am going, you cannot come.
  • 00:15:33.000 --> 00:15:36.030
  • A new commandment I give to you that you love one another.
  • 00:15:36.040 --> 00:15:40.060
  • Just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another.
  • 00:15:40.070 --> 00:15:44.260
  • By this, all people will know that you are my disciples
  • 00:15:44.270 --> 00:15:49.050
  • if you have love for one another."
  • 00:15:49.060 --> 00:15:51.230
  • John 13:33-35.
  • 00:15:51.240 --> 00:15:55.040
  • Now, the Passover feast was an especially
  • 00:15:55.050 --> 00:15:57.190
  • holy event for all Israelites.
  • 00:15:57.200 --> 00:16:01.100
  • During this last meal with his apostles, Jesus took two symbols
  • 00:16:01.110 --> 00:16:06.270
  • associated with Passover, unleavened bread and wine,
  • 00:16:06.280 --> 00:16:11.050
  • and infused them with new meaning as a way
  • 00:16:11.060 --> 00:16:14.110
  • to remember his coming sacrifice.
  • 00:16:14.120 --> 00:16:19.000
  • "And when the hour came, he reclined at the table,
  • 00:16:19.010 --> 00:16:21.290
  • and the apostles with him.
  • 00:16:22.000 --> 00:16:23.220
  • And he said to them, 'I have earnestly desired to eat this
  • 00:16:23.230 --> 00:16:27.000
  • Passover with you before I suffer.'"
  • 00:16:27.010 --> 00:16:30.190
  • "And he took bread, and when he had given thanks,
  • 00:16:30.200 --> 00:16:32.270
  • he broke it and gave it to them, saying,
  • 00:16:32.280 --> 00:16:35.140
  • 'This is my body which is given for you.
  • 00:16:35.150 --> 00:16:38.290
  • Do this in remembrance of me,'
  • 00:16:39.000 --> 00:16:41.110
  • and, likewise, the cup, after they had eaten, saying,
  • 00:16:41.120 --> 00:16:44.240
  • 'This cup that is poured out for you is the new
  • 00:16:44.250 --> 00:16:48.090
  • covenant in my blood.'" Luke 22:14-20.
  • 00:16:48.100 --> 00:16:54.150
  • Peter didn't understand what was going on.
  • 00:16:54.160 --> 00:16:57.200
  • "'Lord, where are you going?' Jesus answered him,
  • 00:16:57.210 --> 00:17:00.240
  • 'Where I am going you cannot follow me now,
  • 00:17:00.250 --> 00:17:03.000
  • but you will follow afterward.'
  • 00:17:03.010 --> 00:17:05.190
  • Peter said to him, 'Lord, why can I not follow you now?
  • 00:17:05.200 --> 00:17:08.270
  • I will lay down my life for you.'
  • 00:17:08.280 --> 00:17:11.130
  • Jesus answered, 'Will you lay down your life for me?
  • 00:17:11.140 --> 00:17:15.020
  • Truly, truly, I say to you, the rooster will not crow till you
  • 00:17:15.030 --> 00:17:19.190
  • have denied me three times.'" John 13:36-38.
  • 00:17:19.200 --> 00:17:27.090
  • That was another blow to Peter.
  • 00:17:27.100 --> 00:17:29.170
  • He had walked with Jesus some 3 years.
  • 00:17:29.180 --> 00:17:32.260
  • He had witnessed his teachings and miracles for himself.
  • 00:17:32.270 --> 00:17:37.010
  • And when it came to faith and insight,
  • 00:17:37.020 --> 00:17:39.030
  • Jesus had called Peter a "rock."
  • 00:17:39.040 --> 00:17:42.110
  • Now he is told that he will fail when things get difficult.
  • 00:17:42.120 --> 00:17:46.260
  • Jesus goes so far as to say that Peter will deny even a simple
  • 00:17:46.270 --> 00:17:50.180
  • association with Jesus, three times, before the sun rises.
  • 00:17:50.190 --> 00:17:56.020
  • Undoubtedly, Peter is upset.
  • 00:17:56.030 --> 00:17:59.010
  • But Jesus goes on with more intimate
  • 00:17:59.020 --> 00:18:01.160
  • teaching to his friends.
  • 00:18:01.170 --> 00:18:04.130
  • "'Let not your hearts be troubled.
  • 00:18:04.140 --> 00:18:06.150
  • Believe in God.
  • 00:18:06.160 --> 00:18:08.100
  • Believe also in me.
  • 00:18:08.110 --> 00:18:10.110
  • In my Father's house are many rooms.
  • 00:18:10.120 --> 00:18:12.290
  • If it were not so, would I have told you that
  • 00:18:13.000 --> 00:18:15.060
  • I go to prepare a place for you?
  • 00:18:15.070 --> 00:18:17.190
  • And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and
  • 00:18:17.200 --> 00:18:22.000
  • will take you to myself, that where I am you may also be.
  • 00:18:22.010 --> 00:18:26.250
  • And you know the way to where I am going.'
  • 00:18:26.260 --> 00:18:29.150
  • Thomas said to him,
  • 00:18:29.160 --> 00:18:31.030
  • 'Lord, we do not know where you are going.
  • 00:18:31.040 --> 00:18:33.110
  • How can we know the way?'
  • 00:18:33.120 --> 00:18:34.280
  • Jesus said to him,
  • 00:18:34.290 --> 00:18:36.170
  • 'I am the way and the truth and the life.
  • 00:18:36.180 --> 00:18:40.170
  • No one comes to the Father except through me.'"
  • 00:18:40.180 --> 00:18:44.190
  • John 14:1-6.
  • 00:18:44.200 --> 00:18:47.180
  • When Jesus said, "I am the way,"
  • 00:18:47.190 --> 00:18:49.250
  • that was a radical departure
  • 00:18:49.260 --> 00:18:51.110
  • from traditional Jewish teaching.
  • 00:18:51.120 --> 00:18:54.190
  • For many who practice Judaism in that day, the way to stay right
  • 00:18:54.200 --> 00:18:58.090
  • with God was by following all the religious laws,
  • 00:18:58.100 --> 00:19:02.060
  • but Jesus was making things personal.
  • 00:19:02.070 --> 00:19:04.180
  • According to the gospels, Jesus said, "I am the way to heaven.
  • 00:19:04.190 --> 00:19:08.180
  • I replace all the religious laws.
  • 00:19:08.190 --> 00:19:11.200
  • I replace all the sacrifices.
  • 00:19:11.210 --> 00:19:13.280
  • I replace all the Jewish pomp and circumstance.
  • 00:19:13.290 --> 00:19:16.280
  • I am the only way."
  • 00:19:16.290 --> 00:19:19.160
  • Jesus goes on to say, "I am the truth, and I am the life."
  • 00:19:19.170 --> 00:19:23.170
  • He embodies ultimate truth, and in the end,
  • 00:19:23.180 --> 00:19:26.120
  • he provides eternal life.
  • 00:19:26.130 --> 00:19:29.270
  • Throughout the gospels, we read that Jesus
  • 00:19:31.270 --> 00:19:34.170
  • was empowered by the Holy Spirit.
  • 00:19:34.180 --> 00:19:37.090
  • What does this mean?
  • 00:19:37.100 --> 00:19:38.230
  • Well, Scripture teaches that the Holy Spirit is an indispensable
  • 00:19:38.240 --> 00:19:41.210
  • part of God, and that God is manifested in three persons:
  • 00:19:41.220 --> 00:19:46.070
  • God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.
  • 00:19:46.080 --> 00:19:50.070
  • This is also referred to as The Holy Trinity.
  • 00:19:50.080 --> 00:19:53.140
  • According to the gospel narrative, it was the Holy
  • 00:19:53.150 --> 00:19:56.060
  • Spirit that caused Jesus to be conceived by Mary in Nazareth.
  • 00:19:56.070 --> 00:20:00.200
  • It was the Holy Spirit that qualified Jesus for ministry
  • 00:20:00.210 --> 00:20:04.110
  • during his baptism by John in the Jordan River.
  • 00:20:04.120 --> 00:20:08.010
  • It was the wisdom of the Holy Spirit that allowed Jesus
  • 00:20:08.020 --> 00:20:10.240
  • to teach with authority throughout the region
  • 00:20:10.250 --> 00:20:13.160
  • of Galilee and in the temple at Jerusalem.
  • 00:20:13.170 --> 00:20:17.020
  • And it was the power of the Holy Spirit that enabled Jesus
  • 00:20:17.030 --> 00:20:20.160
  • to do miracles such as raising his friend Lazarus
  • 00:20:20.170 --> 00:20:23.080
  • from the dead at Bethany.
  • 00:20:23.090 --> 00:20:26.020
  • Now at the Last Supper with his closest followers, he tells
  • 00:20:26.030 --> 00:20:29.080
  • them, "If you love me, you will keep my commandments.
  • 00:20:29.090 --> 00:20:33.120
  • And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper
  • 00:20:33.130 --> 00:20:36.250
  • to be with you forever even the Spirit of truth, whom the world
  • 00:20:36.260 --> 00:20:41.030
  • cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him.
  • 00:20:41.040 --> 00:20:45.000
  • You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you."
  • 00:20:45.010 --> 00:20:50.020
  • John 14:15-16.
  • 00:20:50.030 --> 00:20:53.070
  • "These things I have spoken to you while
  • 00:20:53.080 --> 00:20:55.110
  • I am still with you.
  • 00:20:55.120 --> 00:20:56.290
  • But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my
  • 00:20:57.000 --> 00:21:00.180
  • name, he will teach you all things and bring to your
  • 00:21:00.190 --> 00:21:04.140
  • remembrance all that I have said to you."
  • 00:21:04.150 --> 00:21:06.280
  • John 14:25-26.
  • 00:21:06.290 --> 00:21:10.200
  • This is an amazing and a mysterious promise.
  • 00:21:10.210 --> 00:21:13.290
  • In the Upper Room, Jesus declares that the same Holy
  • 00:21:14.000 --> 00:21:17.030
  • Spirit that empowered his work throughout his ministry will
  • 00:21:17.040 --> 00:21:21.140
  • soon be available to his apostles.
  • 00:21:21.150 --> 00:21:24.190
  • The Holy Spirit would act as their helper throughout
  • 00:21:24.200 --> 00:21:27.240
  • their lives and mission that comes next.
  • 00:21:27.250 --> 00:21:31.220
  • Indeed, the New Testament book, the Acts of the Apostles,
  • 00:21:31.230 --> 00:21:35.090
  • shows that these men became completely changed,
  • 00:21:35.100 --> 00:21:38.200
  • full of confidence and courage.
  • 00:21:38.210 --> 00:21:42.150
  • Next, to further illustrate his future relationship with his
  • 00:21:42.160 --> 00:21:46.160
  • disciples, Jesus illustrates his teaching with a parable,
  • 00:21:46.170 --> 00:21:50.140
  • and then makes them a promise.
  • 00:21:50.150 --> 00:21:53.060
  • "I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.
  • 00:21:53.070 --> 00:21:57.000
  • Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away,
  • 00:21:57.010 --> 00:22:01.210
  • and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes,
  • 00:22:01.220 --> 00:22:04.250
  • that it may bear more fruit."
  • 00:22:04.260 --> 00:22:06.270
  • "As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in
  • 00:22:06.280 --> 00:22:10.000
  • the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me.
  • 00:22:10.010 --> 00:22:13.250
  • I am the vine.
  • 00:22:13.260 --> 00:22:15.230
  • You are the branches.
  • 00:22:15.240 --> 00:22:17.190
  • Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much
  • 00:22:17.200 --> 00:22:22.010
  • fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.
  • 00:22:22.020 --> 00:22:26.000
  • If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away
  • 00:22:26.010 --> 00:22:29.060
  • like a branch and withers.
  • 00:22:29.070 --> 00:22:31.140
  • And the branches are gathered,
  • 00:22:31.150 --> 00:22:33.060
  • thrown into the fire, and burned.
  • 00:22:33.070 --> 00:22:36.040
  • If you abide in me and my words abide in you, ask whatever you
  • 00:22:36.050 --> 00:22:40.160
  • wish, and it will be done for you.
  • 00:22:40.170 --> 00:22:42.290
  • By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit
  • 00:22:43.000 --> 00:22:47.080
  • and so prove to be my disciples.
  • 00:22:47.090 --> 00:22:50.090
  • As the Father has loved me, so I have loved you.
  • 00:22:50.100 --> 00:22:53.280
  • Abide in my love.
  • 00:22:53.290 --> 00:22:56.020
  • If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love,
  • 00:22:56.030 --> 00:23:00.250
  • just as I have kept my Father's commandments
  • 00:23:00.260 --> 00:23:03.190
  • and abide in his love."
  • 00:23:03.200 --> 00:23:05.180
  • John 15:1-10.
  • 00:23:05.190 --> 00:23:08.250
  • As Jesus was closing his time with his closest
  • 00:23:08.260 --> 00:23:12.030
  • companions in the Upper Room, he gives them a special command.
  • 00:23:12.040 --> 00:23:16.220
  • He says this: "This is my commandment, that you love one
  • 00:23:16.230 --> 00:23:20.140
  • another as I have loved you.
  • 00:23:20.150 --> 00:23:22.260
  • Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his
  • 00:23:22.270 --> 00:23:27.050
  • life for his friends.
  • 00:23:27.060 --> 00:23:29.270
  • You are my friends if you do what I command you.
  • 00:23:29.280 --> 00:23:33.160
  • No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does
  • 00:23:33.170 --> 00:23:36.110
  • not know what his master is doing, but I have called you
  • 00:23:36.120 --> 00:23:38.260
  • friends, for all that I have heard from my Father
  • 00:23:38.270 --> 00:23:42.160
  • I have made known to you."
  • 00:23:42.170 --> 00:23:45.030
  • John 15:12-15.
  • 00:23:45.040 --> 00:23:49.160
  • To understand what is being said here, you should know
  • 00:23:49.170 --> 00:23:52.160
  • that the gospels, which were written in Greek, record that
  • 00:23:52.170 --> 00:23:55.180
  • Jesus used a very distinctive Greek word, "agape,"
  • 00:23:55.190 --> 00:23:59.180
  • to communicate a depth of meaning.
  • 00:23:59.190 --> 00:24:02.060
  • "Agape" is often translated "love" in English, but actually,
  • 00:24:02.070 --> 00:24:05.120
  • the word is really its own word because "agape love"
  • 00:24:05.130 --> 00:24:09.120
  • is different than all the other types of love.
  • 00:24:09.130 --> 00:24:12.260
  • The essence of agape love is unconditional
  • 00:24:12.270 --> 00:24:15.290
  • love and self-sacrifice.
  • 00:24:16.000 --> 00:24:19.010
  • It's selfless service for another.
  • 00:24:19.020 --> 00:24:22.120
  • Jesus had just spent the last few years modeling agape
  • 00:24:22.130 --> 00:24:25.230
  • for his disciples.
  • 00:24:25.240 --> 00:24:27.080
  • He touched the untouchables of society.
  • 00:24:27.090 --> 00:24:29.270
  • He healed sick and contagious people.
  • 00:24:29.280 --> 00:24:32.230
  • He showed compassion to the desperate and despised.
  • 00:24:32.240 --> 00:24:36.180
  • He spent time in the homes of outcasts.
  • 00:24:36.190 --> 00:24:39.270
  • He died with tax collectors, traitors, and thieves.
  • 00:24:39.280 --> 00:24:44.120
  • He interrupted his busy schedule to stop, sit,
  • 00:24:44.130 --> 00:24:47.170
  • and listen to the children.
  • 00:24:47.180 --> 00:24:49.280
  • He fed masses of hungry people.
  • 00:24:49.290 --> 00:24:52.290
  • He cast out legions of scary demons.
  • 00:24:53.000 --> 00:24:56.120
  • And here, at the Last Supper, he even washed the
  • 00:24:56.130 --> 00:24:59.040
  • feet of his own followers.
  • 00:24:59.050 --> 00:25:01.260
  • Jesus showed his disciples how to truly love.
  • 00:25:01.270 --> 00:25:06.170
  • And now unknown even to his closest friends, Jesus was about
  • 00:25:06.180 --> 00:25:10.190
  • to demonstrate the depth of his love for the entire world,
  • 00:25:10.200 --> 00:25:14.280
  • even to the point of death itself.
  • 00:25:14.290 --> 00:25:18.290
  • "I have said these things, that in me you may have peace.
  • 00:25:20.080 --> 00:25:24.190
  • In the world you will have tribulation.
  • 00:25:24.200 --> 00:25:26.260
  • But take heart.
  • 00:25:26.270 --> 00:25:28.070
  • I have overcome the world."
  • 00:25:28.080 --> 00:25:30.060
  • John 16:33.
  • 00:25:30.070 --> 00:25:32.210
  • These were the final words Jesus spoke
  • 00:25:32.220 --> 00:25:35.100
  • to his apostles at the Last Supper.
  • 00:25:35.110 --> 00:25:38.190
  • Then he turned his attention to God and said a final prayer.
  • 00:25:38.200 --> 00:25:42.240
  • "He lifted up his eyes to heaven and said this:
  • 00:25:42.250 --> 00:25:46.270
  • 'Father, the hour has come.
  • 00:25:46.280 --> 00:25:49.280
  • Glorify thy Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have
  • 00:25:49.290 --> 00:25:54.160
  • given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to
  • 00:25:54.170 --> 00:25:58.220
  • all whom you have given him.
  • 00:25:58.230 --> 00:26:01.230
  • And this is eternal life, that they may know you the only true
  • 00:26:01.240 --> 00:26:06.030
  • God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.'"
  • 00:26:06.040 --> 00:26:10.010
  • John 17:1-3.
  • 00:26:10.020 --> 00:26:13.110
  • [music]
  • 00:26:18.260 --> 00:26:28.270
  • [music]
  • 00:26:28.270 --> 00:26:28.280
  • [music]
  • 00:26:28.280 --> 00:26:33.250
  • [music]
  • 00:26:33.260 --> 00:26:43.270
  • [music]
  • 00:26:43.270 --> 00:26:43.280
  • [music]
  • 00:26:43.280 --> 00:26:48.250
  • [music]
  • 00:26:48.260 --> 00:26:58.240