Acts to Revelation | Episode 7 | TBN

Acts to Revelation | Episode 7

Watch Acts to Revelation | Episode 7
May 23, 2018
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Acts to Revelation | Episode 7

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  • and his companions successfully completed their
  • 00:00:04.000 --> 00:00:06.130
  • first missionary journey.
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  • They travelled through the island of Cyprus, and Paul and
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  • Barnabas continued on through the southeastern region
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  • of present day Turkey.
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  • It was a long and harrowing journey, but despite the
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  • hardships, the gospel message was spreading
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  • throughout the Roman Empire.
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  • Paul and Barnabas returns to Syrian Antioch, where they spend
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  • a considerable period of time strengthening the church there.
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  • After many months in Antioch, Paul and Barnabas learned
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  • of an issue brewing in the Jerusalem church.
  • 00:00:33.240 --> 00:00:36.230
  • They decided to travel to Jerusalem
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  • to help resolve the dispute.
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  • 00:00:42.090 --> 00:00:50.090
  • 00:00:50.280 --> 00:00:57.100
  • 00:00:58.060 --> 00:01:07.150
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  • Dave: As you might recall from a previous episode, there
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  • was an apparent distinction between Gentile believers
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  • and Israelite believers.
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  • The mosaic law, or the law of Moses, contained a special set
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  • of rules that was given to the Israelites to separate
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  • them from pagan nations.
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  • But Paul's evangelism success among the Gentiles prompted a
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  • heated dispute among some here in the Jerusalem church
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  • regarding how much the law of Moses should
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  • apply to Gentile believers.
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  • In response to that dispute, Paul and Barnabas traveled here
  • 00:02:11.210 --> 00:02:15.170
  • to Jerusalem for the Jerusalem council, where they argued for
  • 00:02:15.180 --> 00:02:20.000
  • the full inclusion of Gentile believers into the church body
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  • without following the religious rituals of the Mosaic law.
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  • The basis of their argument was that the religious rituals
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  • of the Mosaic law were fulfilled in the death
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  • and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
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  • "When they arrived in Jerusalem, Peter and James and the other
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  • church leaders gave them a warm welcome.
  • 00:02:42.080 --> 00:02:44.210
  • Paul and Barnabas gave a full report on what God had done
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  • through them on their first missionary journey.
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  • Then they turned to the issue at hand.
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  • After much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them,
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  • 'Brothers, you know that some time ago, God made a choice
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  • among you that the Gentiles might hear from my lips the
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  • message of the gospel and believe.
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  • God who knows the heart showed that he accepted them
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  • by giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as he did to us.
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  • He did not discriminate between us and them,
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  • for he purified their hearts by faith.
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  • Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of
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  • Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors
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  • have been able to bear?
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  • No, we believe it is through the grace of our Lord Jesus that we
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  • are saved, just as they are.' The whole assembly became silent
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  • as they listened to Barnabas and Paul telling about the signs and
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  • wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them.
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  • When they finished, James spoke up.
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  • 'Brothers,' he said, 'listen to me.
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  • Simon Peter has described to us how God first intervened to
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  • choose a people for his name from the Gentiles,'"
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  • Acts 15:7 through 14.
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  • James went on to give examples of how the words of the Hebrew
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  • prophets were in agreement with the experiences
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  • of Peter, Paul, and Barnabas.
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  • James ended by declaring, "It is my judgment that we should not
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  • make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning
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  • to God," Acts 15:19.
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  • This was a big decision by James and a big moment
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  • in the history of the early church.
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  • Therefore, this is a good opportunity to take a look at
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  • this important man named James.
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  • James was the leader of the church in Jerusalem
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  • during the middle of the first century.
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  • He was also known as the half brother of Jesus
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  • and the author of the epistle of James.
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  • According to both the first century New Testament writings
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  • and the second century church, James was named
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  • an apostle and a bishop.
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  • And along the way, he got the title James the Just.
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  • But as the saying goes, things were not always thus.
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  • And as it turns out, James the Just started
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  • as James the skeptical.
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  • According to the gospels of John and Mark, James initially did
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  • not believe in Jesus' claim to being the Son of God.
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  • In fact, he even thought he may have been crazy.
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  • That is, until James interacted with Jesus
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  • after the resurrection.
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  • And then, well, everything changed.
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  • By about 44 AD, James was recognized as the leader of the
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  • church here in Jerusalem.
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  • James the Just has been considered the author
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  • of the epistle of James since the early Christian era.
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  • Nobody knows the exact date when he wrote the biblical letter,
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  • but a time soon after this Jerusalem council in about
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  • 48 AD seems most likely.
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  • This makes it one of the oldest books in the New Testament.
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  • The epistle or letter of James was written primarily to
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  • followers of Jesus from among diaspora Jews scattered around
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  • the Mediterranean.
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  • James was a very practical book, focusing primarily on patience,
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  • endurance, and testing, finding joy in trials, applying the
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  • Scriptures to everyday life, love, advice on conflicts and
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  • quarrels, avoiding friendship with the world, prayers for the
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  • sick, and demonstrating genuine faith in action.
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  • In short, James issues a challenge to the followers of
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  • Jesus to not just talk the talk, but walk the walk.
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  • While it's important to read our Bibles and to understand
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  • the teachings of Jesus, it's important to act
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  • on what Jesus taught.
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  • It's like granddad always used to say, "Make sure your words
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  • speak louder than your actions."
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  • Actually, reverse that and then you got it.
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  • "What good is it, my brothers and sisters,
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  • if someone claims to have faith but has no deeds?
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  • Can such faith save them?
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  • Suppose a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food.
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  • If one of you says to them, 'Go in peace; keep warm and well
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  • fed,' but does nothing about their physical needs,
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  • what good is it?
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  • In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied
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  • by action, is dead," James 2:14 through 17.
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  • There are a number of New Testament references to James,
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  • the half brother of Jesus, the leader of the Jerusalem church.
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  • There are also two important historical references to James
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  • outside the Bible from the first and second century AD, Josephus
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  • and Hegesippus, who both recorded the death
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  • of James by martyrdom.
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  • The Roman historian Josephus, writing in the late first
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  • century, placed the time of the killing of James in 62 AD.
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  • This account states that James was stoned in Jerusalem for
  • 00:08:05.140 --> 00:08:09.090
  • allegedly breaking the Mosaic law.
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  • The church historian Hegesippus, writing in the second century,
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  • records that James was preaching that Jesus
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  • was the Messiah during Passover.
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  • The religious leaders of Judaism in Jerusalem instigated by
  • 00:08:21.270 --> 00:08:25.080
  • Ananias the high priest got angry and threw him
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  • from the top of the temple.
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  • Apparently, he was still alive after the fall, so they beat him
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  • with clubs and stoned him even while he continued to pray.
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  • In the eyes of the religious leaders, James was a life
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  • wasted, promoting the teachings of a failed Messiah.
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  • But in reality, his courageous, decisive leadership
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  • in the Jerusalem church and at the Jerusalem council
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  • would be a legacy that would live on forever.
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  • After much deliberation, it was decided at the Jerusalem council
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  • that Gentile believers were not required to follow the Mosaic
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  • law, but should be instructed to abstain from things like Pagan
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  • rituals and sexual immorality, which were prevalent
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  • throughout the Roman Empire.
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  • Paul and Barnabas, together with two church leaders from
  • 00:09:16.000 --> 00:09:18.200
  • Jerusalem, Barsabbas and Silas, would carry this written
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  • decision back to the church at Antioch.
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  • As a result, the way was paved for a truly universal church.
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  • The gospel was separated from the Mosaic law.
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  • Salvation through Jesus Christ was a matter
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  • of God's grace available to all people.
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  • It was a monumental moment in the history of the ancient
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  • Christian church, an understanding that God's family
  • 00:09:44.140 --> 00:09:47.090
  • was for everyone, no longer only for the Jews.
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  • This judgment would have reverberations all over the
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  • world, but would have its first impact in the city
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  • of ancient Antioch.
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  • According to Acts chapter 15, Paul, Silas, Barnabas,
  • 00:09:58.240 --> 00:10:02.090
  • and Barsabbas arrived here in Antioch, and gathered
  • 00:10:02.100 --> 00:10:06.220
  • the church together and delivered the letter.
  • 00:10:06.230 --> 00:10:09.270
  • The believers here in Antioch were encouraged by the decision
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  • of the Jerusalem council.
  • 00:10:13.080 --> 00:10:15.290
  • After that, Paul and Barnabas remained in Antioch where,
  • 00:10:16.000 --> 00:10:19.200
  • quote, "They and many others taught and preached
  • 00:10:19.210 --> 00:10:22.200
  • the Word of the Lord," Acts 15:35.
  • 00:10:22.210 --> 00:10:27.230
  • "Sometime later, Paul said to Barnabas, 'Let us go back and
  • 00:10:28.060 --> 00:10:31.150
  • visit the believers in all the towns where we preached the Word
  • 00:10:31.160 --> 00:10:35.060
  • of the Lord and see how they are doing.' Barnabas wanted to take
  • 00:10:35.070 --> 00:10:38.270
  • John, also called Mark, with them, but Paul did not think it
  • 00:10:38.280 --> 00:10:42.230
  • wise to take him because he had deserted them in Pamphylia
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  • and had not continued with them in the work.
  • 00:10:46.290 --> 00:10:49.250
  • They had such a sharp disagreement
  • 00:10:49.260 --> 00:10:51.280
  • that they parted company.
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  • Barnabas took Mark and sailed for Cyprus, but Paul chose Silas
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  • and left, commended by the believers to the
  • 00:10:57.190 --> 00:11:00.140
  • grace of the Lord.
  • 00:11:00.150 --> 00:11:02.110
  • He went through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the
  • 00:11:02.120 --> 00:11:05.010
  • churches," Acts 15:36 through 41.
  • 00:11:05.020 --> 00:11:10.130
  • This was the beginning of Paul's second missionary journey, a
  • 00:11:10.140 --> 00:11:13.240
  • 3-year trip that would take him back through the churches he
  • 00:11:13.250 --> 00:11:17.060
  • helped establish in Derbe, Lystra, Iconium,
  • 00:11:17.070 --> 00:11:20.210
  • and Pisidian Antioch.
  • 00:11:20.220 --> 00:11:23.030
  • He would continue on to cities throughout Macedonia and Achaea,
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  • which is present day Greece, including Philippi,
  • 00:11:27.170 --> 00:11:30.250
  • Thessalonica, Athens, and Corinth.
  • 00:11:30.260 --> 00:11:34.230
  • And during his return to Jerusalem in about 52 AD, Paul
  • 00:11:34.240 --> 00:11:38.290
  • would establish a major church in Ephesus on the southwestern
  • 00:11:39.000 --> 00:11:42.280
  • shore of present day Turkey.
  • 00:11:42.290 --> 00:11:46.030
  • This is the same journey we will take over the next few episodes,
  • 00:11:46.040 --> 00:11:49.110
  • an incredible road trip through some of the most
  • 00:11:49.120 --> 00:11:52.030
  • intriguing places on earth.
  • 00:11:52.040 --> 00:11:54.130
  • Our first stop is the region of ancient Cilicia.
  • 00:11:54.140 --> 00:11:57.100
  • So, they left Antioch and followed the international
  • 00:11:57.110 --> 00:12:01.130
  • highway of the day, north through Syria
  • 00:12:01.140 --> 00:12:04.080
  • and west into Cilicia.
  • 00:12:04.090 --> 00:12:06.260
  • Likely, Paul and his companion Silas would've stopped
  • 00:12:06.270 --> 00:12:09.250
  • at Paul's hometown of Tarsus.
  • 00:12:09.260 --> 00:12:13.090
  • So, that's what we're going to do.
  • 00:12:13.100 --> 00:12:15.250
  • Now, we don't know much about Silas other than he was
  • 00:12:15.260 --> 00:12:18.030
  • a Jew and a Roman citizen living in Jerusalem.
  • 00:12:18.040 --> 00:12:22.140
  • Clearly, he had the support of Peter, James, John, and the
  • 00:12:22.150 --> 00:12:26.000
  • Jerusalem church because they chose him to accompany
  • 00:12:26.010 --> 00:12:29.100
  • Paul to the church in Antioch.
  • 00:12:29.110 --> 00:12:32.170
  • Now, during their time together, Silas became convinced that Paul
  • 00:12:32.180 --> 00:12:36.210
  • had a special calling to reach the Gentiles with the gospel.
  • 00:12:36.220 --> 00:12:41.120
  • Thus, it was Silas who stuck with Paul even
  • 00:12:41.130 --> 00:12:43.270
  • when the others deserted him.
  • 00:12:43.280 --> 00:12:46.240
  • Now, Silas' Latin name was Silvanus, so he likely spoke
  • 00:12:46.250 --> 00:12:50.200
  • Latin and was familiar with Roman culture, which was
  • 00:12:50.210 --> 00:12:54.170
  • probably very helpful as the two men traveled
  • 00:12:54.180 --> 00:12:57.190
  • this Roman-dominated part of the world.
  • 00:12:57.200 --> 00:13:00.270
  • 00:13:01.160 --> 00:13:10.020
  • Dave: Traveling west from Tarsus, Paul and Silas would've
  • 00:13:10.030 --> 00:13:13.050
  • been confronted with the Taurus Mountains, which separated the
  • 00:13:13.060 --> 00:13:17.180
  • coastal planes around Tarsus from the interior regions of
  • 00:13:17.190 --> 00:13:21.210
  • Cilicia, Galatia, and Asia Minor, and would've had
  • 00:13:21.220 --> 00:13:25.280
  • to travel through a treacherous pass known
  • 00:13:25.290 --> 00:13:28.280
  • as the Cilician Gates.
  • 00:13:28.290 --> 00:13:31.240
  • The Cilician Gates are a series of narrow gorges cut
  • 00:13:31.250 --> 00:13:35.110
  • through the Taurus Mountains.
  • 00:13:35.120 --> 00:13:37.220
  • The peaks of these mountains can exceed 12.000 feet, and have
  • 00:13:37.230 --> 00:13:41.270
  • been a harrowing challenge for travel, trade, and military
  • 00:13:41.280 --> 00:13:45.040
  • excursions for centuries.
  • 00:13:45.050 --> 00:13:47.150
  • The Hittites, the Mongols, the Greeks, the Romans, the
  • 00:13:47.160 --> 00:13:50.230
  • crusaders, all these great armies had to make their way
  • 00:13:50.240 --> 00:13:54.170
  • through these tight passes that separated east from west.
  • 00:13:54.180 --> 00:13:58.130
  • Today, the Gulek Pass has been conquered by a modern highway.
  • 00:13:58.140 --> 00:14:04.150
  • This modern highway here in Turkey that runs
  • 00:14:04.160 --> 00:14:07.020
  • from Tarsus to Ankara.
  • 00:14:07.030 --> 00:14:09.090
  • Now, Paul and Silas would've taken a narrow, treacherous path
  • 00:14:09.100 --> 00:14:13.080
  • through this great mountain barrier, but since this is only
  • 00:14:13.090 --> 00:14:17.140
  • a half hour show and I may or may not be more spoiled than
  • 00:14:17.150 --> 00:14:20.090
  • they were, I'm going to take this 70 miles to Derbe and
  • 00:14:20.100 --> 00:14:24.080
  • Lystra on 6 lanes of divided highway.
  • 00:14:24.090 --> 00:14:29.030
  • As we've learned in prior episodes, the Romans built
  • 00:14:29.040 --> 00:14:31.230
  • a vast network of stone highways around its empire.
  • 00:14:31.240 --> 00:14:35.180
  • They were durable, flood resistant, often guarded,
  • 00:14:35.190 --> 00:14:38.210
  • and wide enough for soldiers to march six abreast.
  • 00:14:38.220 --> 00:14:42.170
  • It's been said that if all the roads from Rome were linked
  • 00:14:42.180 --> 00:14:45.200
  • end to end, they would circle the earth twice.
  • 00:14:45.210 --> 00:14:49.050
  • These are the roads that Paul and his companions often
  • 00:14:49.060 --> 00:14:51.280
  • traveled, and the roads that provided relative security.
  • 00:14:51.290 --> 00:14:56.050
  • However, just off the Roman highway system
  • 00:14:56.060 --> 00:14:58.270
  • was another world altogether.
  • 00:14:58.280 --> 00:15:01.100
  • More often than not, Paul and his team will have to travel
  • 00:15:01.110 --> 00:15:04.130
  • these secondary roads, where safety or even survival
  • 00:15:04.140 --> 00:15:07.190
  • was uncertain.
  • 00:15:07.200 --> 00:15:09.250
  • Flash floods, wild animals, marauding bandits
  • 00:15:09.260 --> 00:15:13.250
  • were all known perils of traveling these ancient roads.
  • 00:15:13.260 --> 00:15:18.190
  • And as for me, I'm just happy to work the word
  • 00:15:18.200 --> 00:15:21.070
  • "marauding" into this show, so.
  • 00:15:21.080 --> 00:15:25.230
  • Back in the first century in the eastern Mediterranean, these
  • 00:15:27.240 --> 00:15:31.010
  • back roads were only passable during the summer months,
  • 00:15:31.020 --> 00:15:34.220
  • when the streams were dry and low.
  • 00:15:34.230 --> 00:15:37.270
  • During the late winter or early spring, travelers had to
  • 00:15:37.280 --> 00:15:41.030
  • navigate raging rivers and sometimes makeshift bridges,
  • 00:15:41.040 --> 00:15:45.240
  • so drowning was a real hazard.
  • 00:15:45.250 --> 00:15:48.210
  • Worse than rivers, though, were the robbers and thieves.
  • 00:15:48.220 --> 00:15:51.280
  • Since people tended to travel with pretty much everything they
  • 00:15:51.290 --> 00:15:54.250
  • own, including silver coins, travelers made prime targets.
  • 00:15:54.260 --> 00:16:00.280
  • Perhaps the scariest peril of all was the wild animals.
  • 00:16:00.290 --> 00:16:04.270
  • I mean, at least a robber might leave you alive, right?
  • 00:16:04.280 --> 00:16:08.240
  • Apuleius, a philosopher and poet living a few decades after Paul,
  • 00:16:08.250 --> 00:16:12.040
  • wrote about the wild boars, bears, and wolves that roamed
  • 00:16:12.050 --> 00:16:17.010
  • present day Turkey and Greece, and how travelers often
  • 00:16:17.020 --> 00:16:19.260
  • journeyed in fear especially through forest areas.
  • 00:16:19.270 --> 00:16:24.030
  • Apuleius wrote this, "We were told that the road we wished to
  • 00:16:24.040 --> 00:16:29.060
  • take was strewn with half-eaten corpses and clean-picked
  • 00:16:29.070 --> 00:16:33.200
  • skeletons, and that we ought to proceed with all possible
  • 00:16:33.210 --> 00:16:37.000
  • caution and in a compact body with no stragglers.
  • 00:16:37.010 --> 00:16:41.110
  • The higher the sun, the milder the wolves."
  • 00:16:41.120 --> 00:16:44.060
  • 00:16:45.130 --> 00:16:55.130
  • 00:17:02.070 --> 00:17:03.220
  • Dave: In one of his letters, Paul wrote this, "On frequent
  • 00:17:03.230 --> 00:17:07.030
  • journeys in danger from rivers, danger from robbers, danger
  • 00:17:07.040 --> 00:17:11.150
  • from my own people, danger from Gentiles, danger in the city,
  • 00:17:11.160 --> 00:17:15.240
  • danger in the wilderness, danger at sea,
  • 00:17:15.250 --> 00:17:18.140
  • danger from false brothers.
  • 00:17:18.150 --> 00:17:20.290
  • In toil and hardship through many a sleepless night, in
  • 00:17:21.000 --> 00:17:24.270
  • hunger and thirst often without food, in cold and exposure,"
  • 00:17:24.280 --> 00:17:31.070
  • 2 Corinthians 11:26 and 27.
  • 00:17:31.080 --> 00:17:35.120
  • Okay, I know what you're thinking, "Dave, you and your
  • 00:17:35.230 --> 00:17:38.140
  • cushy road trips are nothing compared to what Paul
  • 00:17:38.150 --> 00:17:41.160
  • and Silas had to endure."
  • 00:17:41.170 --> 00:17:43.160
  • Well, you want to know something?
  • 00:17:43.170 --> 00:17:46.160
  • Okay, agreed.
  • 00:17:46.170 --> 00:17:48.050
  • But the point is Paul and Silas were a tough couple of hombres,
  • 00:17:48.060 --> 00:17:52.230
  • and their unshakeable faith and determination serves
  • 00:17:52.240 --> 00:17:55.210
  • as an inspiration of great courage for us today.
  • 00:17:55.220 --> 00:17:59.120
  • [howling]
  • 00:17:59.230 --> 00:18:02.270
  • All right, moving on.
  • 00:18:02.280 --> 00:18:05.180
  • 00:18:05.290 --> 00:18:13.010
  • Dave: "Paul came to Derbe and then to Lystra, where a disciple
  • 00:18:13.020 --> 00:18:16.190
  • named Timothy lived, whose mother was Jewish
  • 00:18:16.200 --> 00:18:19.210
  • and a believer, but his father was a Greek.
  • 00:18:19.220 --> 00:18:22.290
  • The believers at Lystra and Iconium spoke well of him,"
  • 00:18:23.000 --> 00:18:26.270
  • Acts 16:1 and 2.
  • 00:18:26.280 --> 00:18:30.210
  • According to the 16th chapter of Acts, Timothy
  • 00:18:31.100 --> 00:18:34.190
  • was a native of Lystra.
  • 00:18:34.200 --> 00:18:37.050
  • Now, as you'll recall from our last episode, when Paul and
  • 00:18:37.060 --> 00:18:40.000
  • Barnabas came to the area, they healed a crippled man
  • 00:18:40.010 --> 00:18:43.140
  • in the name of Jesus, and many people believed
  • 00:18:43.150 --> 00:18:46.070
  • in the gospel as a result.
  • 00:18:46.080 --> 00:18:48.190
  • Now, when Paul returned here with Silas a few years later,
  • 00:18:48.200 --> 00:18:52.220
  • Timothy was already a respected member of the church here, as
  • 00:18:52.230 --> 00:18:56.180
  • were his grandmother Lois and mother Eunice, both Jewish
  • 00:18:56.190 --> 00:19:01.050
  • women known for their faith and virtue.
  • 00:19:01.060 --> 00:19:04.290
  • "Paul saw something special in Timothy, so he invited him
  • 00:19:05.000 --> 00:19:08.070
  • to be a part of the team.
  • 00:19:08.080 --> 00:19:10.040
  • Without hesitation, Timothy dropped everything
  • 00:19:10.050 --> 00:19:12.210
  • and became a student of Paul.
  • 00:19:12.220 --> 00:19:15.100
  • From that point on, Timothy was known as Paul's loyal
  • 00:19:15.110 --> 00:19:18.150
  • companions and dedicated protege.
  • 00:19:18.160 --> 00:19:21.220
  • As they traveled from town to town, they delivered the
  • 00:19:21.230 --> 00:19:24.200
  • decisions reached by the apostles and elders in Jerusalem
  • 00:19:24.210 --> 00:19:28.130
  • for the people to obey, so the churches were strengthened in
  • 00:19:28.140 --> 00:19:31.240
  • faith and grew daily in numbers," Acts 16:4 and 5.
  • 00:19:31.250 --> 00:19:38.070
  • As we'll learn later in the New Testament, Timothy would
  • 00:19:38.080 --> 00:19:41.080
  • ultimately complete his journeys with Paul, and would go on
  • 00:19:41.090 --> 00:19:44.280
  • to be an overseer of the church in Ephesus along
  • 00:19:44.290 --> 00:19:48.140
  • with other churches in the region of Asia Minor.
  • 00:19:48.150 --> 00:19:52.020
  • Even when separated, Paul always considered Timothy to be a very
  • 00:19:52.030 --> 00:19:55.270
  • special student, even a son.
  • 00:19:55.280 --> 00:20:00.020
  • Paul later wrote two letters to Timothy that would become part
  • 00:20:03.110 --> 00:20:06.230
  • of the Bible's New Testament.
  • 00:20:06.240 --> 00:20:09.050
  • In the first, written sometime between 64 and 66 AD,
  • 00:20:09.060 --> 00:20:13.050
  • Paul encouraged Timothy in his leadership role
  • 00:20:13.060 --> 00:20:16.050
  • at the church in Ephesus.
  • 00:20:16.060 --> 00:20:18.170
  • The letter was instructive to Timothy about church doctrine,
  • 00:20:18.180 --> 00:20:21.190
  • church leadership, and church administration.
  • 00:20:21.200 --> 00:20:25.090
  • It was basically a user manual for how to run
  • 00:20:25.100 --> 00:20:28.060
  • a Christian church.
  • 00:20:28.070 --> 00:20:30.040
  • While many of the church issues were new at the time,
  • 00:20:30.050 --> 00:20:32.070
  • they still apply today.
  • 00:20:32.080 --> 00:20:34.140
  • What are the qualifications and responsibilities of a bishop,
  • 00:20:34.150 --> 00:20:37.160
  • of a deacon, of an elder?
  • 00:20:37.170 --> 00:20:40.000
  • What does it mean to be a member of a church?
  • 00:20:40.010 --> 00:20:43.200
  • For Christians who aren't called to a leadership role in the
  • 00:20:43.210 --> 00:20:46.260
  • church, Paul's first letter to Timothy is still important.
  • 00:20:46.270 --> 00:20:51.080
  • It calls followers of Jesus to contend for the faith
  • 00:20:51.090 --> 00:20:55.070
  • and avoid false teaching.
  • 00:20:55.080 --> 00:20:57.080
  • It urges Christians to stand strong and to persevere
  • 00:20:57.090 --> 00:21:01.090
  • through tough times.
  • 00:21:01.100 --> 00:21:03.090
  • All throughout the letter, Paul encourages his friend and
  • 00:21:03.100 --> 00:21:06.050
  • protege Timothy to be strong and remain true to his calling.
  • 00:21:06.060 --> 00:21:12.080
  • "But godliness with contentment is great gain, for we brought
  • 00:21:12.090 --> 00:21:16.130
  • nothing into the world and we can take nothing out of it.
  • 00:21:16.140 --> 00:21:19.210
  • But if we have food and clothing,
  • 00:21:19.220 --> 00:21:21.190
  • we will be content with that.
  • 00:21:21.200 --> 00:21:23.150
  • Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap, and
  • 00:21:23.160 --> 00:21:27.190
  • into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge people
  • 00:21:27.200 --> 00:21:31.150
  • into ruin and destruction.
  • 00:21:31.160 --> 00:21:33.270
  • For the love of money is the root of all kinds of evil.
  • 00:21:33.280 --> 00:21:37.180
  • Some people eager for money have wandered from the faith and
  • 00:21:37.190 --> 00:21:40.110
  • pierced themselves with many griefs, but you, man of God,
  • 00:21:40.120 --> 00:21:45.230
  • flee from all this and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith,
  • 00:21:45.240 --> 00:21:50.200
  • love, endurance, and gentleness.
  • 00:21:50.210 --> 00:21:53.260
  • Fight the good fight of faith.
  • 00:21:53.270 --> 00:21:56.100
  • Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you
  • 00:21:56.110 --> 00:21:59.220
  • made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses,"
  • 00:21:59.230 --> 00:22:04.100
  • 1 Timothy 6:6 through 12.
  • 00:22:04.110 --> 00:22:07.200
  • Paul wrote a second letter to Timothy shortly before
  • 00:22:07.210 --> 00:22:10.110
  • his death in 67 AD.
  • 00:22:10.120 --> 00:22:13.240
  • Imprisoned in Rome, Paul recognized that his life was
  • 00:22:13.250 --> 00:22:16.270
  • nearing its end, so he drafted his final words to Timothy.
  • 00:22:16.280 --> 00:22:22.140
  • Rather than focusing his attention on his own
  • 00:22:22.150 --> 00:22:24.190
  • circumstances, Paul focused all his concern on
  • 00:22:24.200 --> 00:22:27.250
  • all the churches that he had planted over the years.
  • 00:22:27.260 --> 00:22:32.000
  • Paul encouraged Timothy and all of us to persevere in his faith
  • 00:22:32.010 --> 00:22:37.290
  • and to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ.
  • 00:22:38.000 --> 00:22:42.150
  • Okay, back to Acts.
  • 00:22:42.260 --> 00:22:44.170
  • According to the 16th chapter, Paul, Silas, and now Timothy
  • 00:22:44.180 --> 00:22:48.180
  • continued their travels through the region of Galatia, sharing
  • 00:22:48.190 --> 00:22:52.050
  • the gospel and strengthening the churches that Paul helped plant
  • 00:22:52.060 --> 00:22:55.290
  • on his previous journey with Barnabas.
  • 00:22:56.000 --> 00:22:59.020
  • Galatia was a Roman province located in what
  • 00:22:59.030 --> 00:23:01.230
  • is now central Turkey.
  • 00:23:01.240 --> 00:23:04.040
  • It has earlier been overrun by the Gauls, for whom the area
  • 00:23:04.050 --> 00:23:07.070
  • was named, but was later incorporated
  • 00:23:07.080 --> 00:23:09.170
  • into the Roman Empire.
  • 00:23:09.180 --> 00:23:11.180
  • Several of the cities reached on Paul's first missionary journey,
  • 00:23:11.190 --> 00:23:14.170
  • such as Derbe, Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidian Antioch were
  • 00:23:14.180 --> 00:23:19.060
  • in the southern region of Galatia proper.
  • 00:23:19.070 --> 00:23:22.030
  • Paul considered these cities parts of the Galatian churches.
  • 00:23:22.040 --> 00:23:26.200
  • In addition to writing letters to a friend such as Timothy,
  • 00:23:26.210 --> 00:23:30.030
  • Paul made a habit of writing letters back to churches
  • 00:23:30.040 --> 00:23:32.260
  • that he played a role in establishing.
  • 00:23:32.270 --> 00:23:35.210
  • He thought it was important to stay connected to the people,
  • 00:23:35.220 --> 00:23:38.180
  • and encourage them, and keep them rooted and grounded
  • 00:23:38.190 --> 00:23:41.210
  • in the original truth of the gospel message.
  • 00:23:41.220 --> 00:23:44.280
  • He wrote one of these letters back to the churches
  • 00:23:44.290 --> 00:23:47.040
  • here in Galatia.
  • 00:23:47.050 --> 00:23:49.100
  • Many scholars believe it was Paul's first New Testament
  • 00:23:49.110 --> 00:23:52.100
  • letter, written around 49 or 50 AD.
  • 00:23:52.110 --> 00:23:56.250
  • The churches in Galatia were comprised of both Jewish
  • 00:23:56.260 --> 00:24:00.070
  • and Gentile converts.
  • 00:24:00.080 --> 00:24:02.070
  • A group known as the Judaizers had crept into power.
  • 00:24:02.080 --> 00:24:05.280
  • These were Jews who insisted that Christians must
  • 00:24:05.290 --> 00:24:09.020
  • also keep the Mosaic law.
  • 00:24:09.030 --> 00:24:11.150
  • They taught that Gentiles had to more or less convert
  • 00:24:11.160 --> 00:24:14.020
  • to Judaism before they could become Christians.
  • 00:24:14.030 --> 00:24:17.030
  • When Paul heard about this, he wrote a formal letter
  • 00:24:17.040 --> 00:24:19.160
  • emphasizing that following Jesus was a matter of faith, separate
  • 00:24:19.170 --> 00:24:24.050
  • from the rules required under the law of Moses.
  • 00:24:24.060 --> 00:24:28.020
  • Galatians 2:16 makes Paul's teaching clear.
  • 00:24:28.030 --> 00:24:32.100
  • "Know that a man is not justified by observing the law,
  • 00:24:32.110 --> 00:24:36.040
  • but by faith in Jesus Christ.
  • 00:24:36.050 --> 00:24:38.170
  • So, we too have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be
  • 00:24:38.180 --> 00:24:42.230
  • justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law.
  • 00:24:42.240 --> 00:24:47.140
  • Because by observing the law, no one will be justified."
  • 00:24:47.150 --> 00:24:51.260
  • Paul's letter to the Galatians also contains one of my very
  • 00:24:51.270 --> 00:24:56.050
  • favorite verses in the entire Bible, "For I have been
  • 00:24:56.060 --> 00:24:59.290
  • crucified with Christ, and I no longer live,
  • 00:25:00.020 --> 00:25:03.230
  • but Christ lives in me.
  • 00:25:03.240 --> 00:25:05.270
  • And the life I live in the body I live by faith in the Son
  • 00:25:05.280 --> 00:25:10.070
  • of God," Galatians 2:20.
  • 00:25:10.080 --> 00:25:14.100
  • So, Paul and his companions traveled throughout the regions
  • 00:25:14.110 --> 00:25:17.110
  • of Galatia, Phrygia, and Asia Minor, sharing the gospel
  • 00:25:17.120 --> 00:25:21.110
  • and expanding the churches.
  • 00:25:21.120 --> 00:25:23.180
  • They ultimately came to Troas on the coast of the Aegean Sea.
  • 00:25:23.190 --> 00:25:28.210
  • It was at Troas where Paul believed he received
  • 00:25:28.220 --> 00:25:31.200
  • his next mission from God.
  • 00:25:31.210 --> 00:25:33.260
  • "During the night, Paul had a vision of a man of Macedonia
  • 00:25:33.270 --> 00:25:37.170
  • standing and begging him, 'Come over to Macedonia and help us.'
  • 00:25:37.180 --> 00:25:42.000
  • After Paul had seen the vision, he got ready at once to leave
  • 00:25:42.010 --> 00:25:45.270
  • for Macedonia, concluding that God had called us to preach
  • 00:25:45.280 --> 00:25:49.240
  • the gospel to them," Acts 16:9 and 10.
  • 00:25:49.250 --> 00:25:54.120
  • From Troas, Paul and his team would cross the Aegean Sea
  • 00:25:54.130 --> 00:25:58.290
  • and land at Neapolis.
  • 00:25:59.000 --> 00:26:01.000
  • So, that's exactly what I'm going to do.
  • 00:26:01.010 --> 00:26:04.030
  • I'm going to park my sweet Doblo here in Turkey
  • 00:26:04.040 --> 00:26:06.230
  • for a while and catch a ferry.
  • 00:26:06.240 --> 00:26:09.210
  • Next stop, the region of Macedonia in present day Greece.
  • 00:26:09.220 --> 00:26:14.020
  • 00:26:17.100 --> 00:26:25.280
  • 00:26:28.230 --> 00:26:38.230
  • 00:26:41.210 --> 00:26:51.210
  • 00:26:54.040 --> 00:27:04.040
  • 00:27:06.260 --> 00:27:16.260
  • 00:27:22.150 --> 00:27:30.150