Acts to Revelation | Episode 6 | TBN

Acts to Revelation | Episode 6

Watch Acts to Revelation | Episode 6
May 16, 2018
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Acts to Revelation | Episode 6

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  • Dave Stotts: In our last episode,
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  • the first missionary journey into the hearts
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  • of the Roman Empire was underway.
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  • Paul, Barnabas, and John Mark traveled the entire island of
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  • Cyprus, delivering the gospel message in the synagogues there.
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  • They also spent time with the Roman proconsul of Cyprus,
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  • Sergius Paulus, who became a follower of Jesus as a result.
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  • The three-man team had just set sail from Pathos in Cyprus,
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  • heading north towards the coast of Asia Minor.
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  • What was next for the courageous trio?
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  • Dave: From Pathos, Paul and his companions sailed
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  • to Perga in Pamphylia, where John left them
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  • to return to Jerusalem, Acts 13:13.
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  • Dave: I'm here at Perga, just outside the city of Antalya
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  • in present-day Turkey.
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  • Perga was the landing point for Paul and his team in 46 AD.
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  • Now, we don't know the circumstances,
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  • but John Mark almost immediately quit the team
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  • and returned to Jerusalem.
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  • Some have speculated that there was a strong disagreement.
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  • Others have thought maybe it was simply because he was afraid
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  • of the wild terrain of Asia Minor
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  • or the fierce peoples that were known to live there.
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  • Regardless, Paul and Barnabas would continue their mission
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  • without him.
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  • Dave: Perga was originally established around 800 BC.
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  • Alexander the Great conquered the city in 333 BC,
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  • spreading the Greek language, and influencing the locals
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  • to identify Artemis as their chief goddess.
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  • The earliest Romans came on the scene in 188 BC,
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  • and by 43 AD, Perga was the capital and most prominent city
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  • of the new Roman province of Pamphylia.
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  • Perga was built between the Caterhates
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  • and the Cestris Rivers, which are actually much smaller today
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  • than they were back then.
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  • Silt from the Cestris deposited at the mouth of the river
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  • has caused the coastline to expand over the centuries.
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  • The ruins of the city are now about 8 miles from the coast,
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  • which was significantly closer in ancient times.
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  • Dave: One of the most famous citizens of Perga
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  • was Apollonius, a mathematician who lived in the 3rd
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  • and 2nd centuries BC.
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  • He wrote several books focusing on astronomy and geometry,
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  • and set the stage for famous scholars such as
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  • Ptolemy, Keplar, and Newton.
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  • Apollonius of Perga actually named many important math
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  • concepts we still use in school, such as the ellipse,
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  • parabola, and hyperbola.
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  • The Crater Apollonius on the moon is named in his honor.
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  • So if you happen to be visiting there one day with some friends,
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  • you can try to impress them with that little nugget.
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  • Dave: Excavations here at Perga have revealed a
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  • magnificent Roman city, including an acropolis,
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  • a large theater, seating about 14.000 people,
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  • a stadium, where athletic games were held,
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  • a city gate, and two round towers,
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  • originally built in the Hellenistic period.
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  • In typical Roman fashion, this cardo,
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  • or main street running north and south,
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  • was about 65 feet wide, and lined with colonnades.
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  • This cardo also had a deep ditch here in the middle,
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  • which functioned as sort of a city sewer system,
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  • which doesn't sound all that special to you and me living in
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  • the 21st century, but a municipal sewer system
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  • 2.000 years ago was a pretty big deal.
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  • It made life here in Perga a lot less stinky.
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  • Dave: This marketplace, or agora,
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  • was a huge square 215 feet long and 215 feet wide,
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  • with shops surrounding the perimeter and a huge circular
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  • structure near the center, which seems to have been a fountain.
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  • This gymnasium honoring Roman Emperor Claudius was newly
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  • constructed and probably adorned with statues whenever Paul
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  • and Barnabas visited Perga here in the 1st century.
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  • They may have even walked through this gymnasium
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  • and seen the inscription honoring Claudius above me.
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  • Dave: As a Roman citizen, Paul had been exposed to this
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  • Roman culture since birth, including these types of
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  • gymnasiums found in most major cities.
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  • In his later letters to churches,
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  • such as Galatia, Philippi, and Corinth,
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  • Paul used the training and competition of athletes
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  • as an illustration for the Christian life:
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  • "Do you know that in a race all the runners run,
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  • but only one gets the prize?
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  • Run in such a way as to get the prize.
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  • Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training.
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  • They do it to get a crown that will not last,
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  • but we do it to get a crown that will last forever,"
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  • 1 Corinthians 9:24 and 25.
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  • Dave: Finally, just outside the city is Perga's famous
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  • temple to Artemis.
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  • According to ancient writers, major festivals were celebrated
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  • here in honor of the pagan goddess.
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  • Dave: Coins discovered at Perga depicting the temple
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  • and its goddess can help us visualize what this pagan
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  • religious site looked like.
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  • Dave: People connected to the cult of Artemis
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  • would have been a major obstacle for missionaries
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  • such as Paul and Barnabas.
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  • However, early Byzantine ruins here at Perga,
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  • like this church, are evidence that Christianity
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  • was eventually accepted by many of the local residents
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  • of this section of the Mediterranean coast.
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  • Dave: Today, Perga is on the outskirts of the awesome
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  • resort city of Antalya.
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  • With over 1 million people, Antalya is the largest Turkish
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  • city on the Mediterranean coast, and the fifth most populous city
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  • in all of Turkey.
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  • With the imposing Taurus Mountains rising behind it,
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  • this spot is the jewel of the so-called, "Turkish Riviera,"
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  • and is a very popular tourist destination.
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  • If only they had a nice view.
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  • 00:07:34.220 --> 00:07:41.150
  • Dave: Among the vast history lining the streets of Antalya is
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  • Hadrian's Gate, built to honor Roman Emperor Hadrian,
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  • who visited the area in 130 AD.
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  • Except for the pillars, this intricate structure was built
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  • entirely of white marble.
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  • Eventually, the gates were enclosed by the city walls,
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  • which protected the gates for centuries.
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  • Over time, as the walls crumbled,
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  • Hadrian's Gate was once again revealed.
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  • And today, it's considered one of the best-preserved
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  • Roman gates in the world.
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  • It's pretty impressive, isn't it?
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  • 00:08:17.020 --> 00:08:22.140
  • Dave: Now that we've explored Antalya a bit,
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  • it's time to grab my next ride.
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  • Dave: Now, way back in the year 2005
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  • on my first excursion here in Turkey,
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  • I drove and reviewed an automobile called a Fiat Doblo.
  • 00:08:35.080 --> 00:08:39.220
  • 00:08:39.230 --> 00:08:49.230
  • Dave: This time I'm getting an upgrade to the new,
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  • improved Doblo Multijet.
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  • Dave: Now, I'll be the first to admit that the Fiat Doblo is
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  • no gearhead's fantasy daydream.
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  • It's not what you'd call aspirational.
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  • You're never gonna find a poster of a Fiat Doblo
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  • on any teenage boy's bedroom wall.
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  • The Fiat Doblo is not a car. It's not a truck.
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  • It's not an SUV, a crossover, or a minivan.
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  • The Fiat Doblo is what they call,
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  • "A people mover," in Europe, and it'd just a motor-vehicle
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  • category that we have in America.
  • 00:09:23.050 --> 00:09:25.200
  • 00:09:25.210 --> 00:09:35.000
  • Dave: Are you kidding me? In Hi-Fi?
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  • Listen to that sound.
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  • It's like he's in the car with you.
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  • Oh, I love this part, yeah.
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  • Dave: All right, let's ride.
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  • Dave: Acts tells us, "From Perga,
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  • they went on to Pisidian Antioch," Acts 13:14.
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  • So that's exactly what the Doblo and I will do next,
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  • drive from Perga to Pisidian Antioch.
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  • Some of the journey was through the rugged Taurus mountains,
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  • which Paul would later say were,
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  • "Filled with the perils of rivers and perils of robbers."
  • 00:10:15.130 --> 00:10:23.040
  • The rest of the journey was probably by way of the Roman
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  • superhighway called the Via Sebaste,
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  • also known as the Imperial Road.
  • 00:10:29.170 --> 00:10:31.270
  • 00:10:31.280 --> 00:10:39.070
  • Dave: Pisidian Antioch is in the heart of present-day Turkey
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  • on the eastern edge of the Lycus River Valley.
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  • Although the name reminds us of Syrian Antioch,
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  • which we visited in our last episode,
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  • as you can see, Pisidian Antioch is a totally different place.
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  • Dave: Pisidian Antioch, or Antioch in Pisidia,
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  • as Luke would sometimes call it, was the capital city
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  • of Galatia Province.
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  • Sitting at around 3.600 feet, this area was known
  • 00:11:05.080 --> 00:11:09.120
  • as a cosmopolitan lake center.
  • 00:11:09.130 --> 00:11:12.050
  • By the middle of the 1st century AD,
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  • the city and surrounding villages had a population
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  • of about 100.000 people, including Galatians,
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  • Phrygians, Greeks, Jews, and Roman army veterans.
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  • Pisidian Antioch enjoyed the highest category of status among
  • 00:11:26.280 --> 00:11:31.090
  • cities in the Roman Empire, and residents of the city
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  • were often granted Roman citizenship.
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  • Dave: One motivation for Paul coming here to Pisidian Antioch
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  • may have been to visit the family of Sergius Paulus,
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  • who had a large estate northeast of the city.
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  • The family was prominent in the region,
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  • and one Latin inscription found at Pisidian Antioch
  • 00:11:52.290 --> 00:11:56.220
  • even mentions L. Sergius Paulus,
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  • who could have been the same proconsul that
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  • Paul and Barnabas met on the island of Cyprus.
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  • As you'll recall, this important Roman leader became a Christian.
  • 00:12:06.010 --> 00:12:10.040
  • So, it would make sense for Paul and Barnabas
  • 00:12:10.050 --> 00:12:12.190
  • to seek out his family for a visit.
  • 00:12:12.200 --> 00:12:14.250
  • Dave: Pisidian Antioch enjoyed the three things
  • 00:12:18.010 --> 00:12:20.050
  • that realtors love most: location, location, location.
  • 00:12:20.060 --> 00:12:25.020
  • Surrounded by rivers, lakes, and epic mountains,
  • 00:12:25.030 --> 00:12:29.080
  • Pisidian Antioch had everything going for it.
  • 00:12:29.090 --> 00:12:32.180
  • It was protected.
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  • Its water and minerals were plentiful,
  • 00:12:34.000 --> 00:12:35.280
  • and its soil was rich and fertile.
  • 00:12:35.290 --> 00:12:39.010
  • The city was divided into seven sections,
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  • called "vici," on seven separate hills.
  • 00:12:41.040 --> 00:12:44.040
  • Hmm, like Rome.
  • 00:12:44.050 --> 00:12:45.150
  • Dave: Now, the Propylon at Pisidian Antioch was erected in
  • 00:12:47.080 --> 00:12:50.230
  • honor of Roman Emperor Augusts.
  • 00:12:50.240 --> 00:12:53.050
  • It was decorated with gods and goddesses,
  • 00:12:53.060 --> 00:12:56.010
  • winged creatures, and warfare.
  • 00:12:56.020 --> 00:12:58.190
  • Now, the gate that Paul and Barnabas would have walked
  • 00:12:58.200 --> 00:13:01.060
  • through was at the top of these stairs.
  • 00:13:01.070 --> 00:13:03.250
  • And when they went through it, they would have seen many grand
  • 00:13:03.260 --> 00:13:06.050
  • buildings, the foremost of which was the great Temple
  • 00:13:06.060 --> 00:13:09.110
  • to Augustus, the ruins of which you can clearly see
  • 00:13:09.120 --> 00:13:13.120
  • even to this day.
  • 00:13:13.130 --> 00:13:16.030
  • According to a Latin inscription of no later than 50 AD,
  • 00:13:16.040 --> 00:13:20.220
  • there were at least 3.000 feet of paved streets here.
  • 00:13:20.230 --> 00:13:24.240
  • And like other Roman cities, Pisidian Antioch was built on
  • 00:13:24.250 --> 00:13:28.180
  • a grid system, and having all the typical public buildings,
  • 00:13:28.190 --> 00:13:33.020
  • pagan altars, and statues.
  • 00:13:33.030 --> 00:13:35.140
  • Statues of Roman Emperor Augustus and Tiberius have been
  • 00:13:35.150 --> 00:13:39.060
  • discovered at this site, and those statues would have been on
  • 00:13:39.070 --> 00:13:42.190
  • display here in the city during the time of Paul's visit here.
  • 00:13:42.200 --> 00:13:46.270
  • 00:13:46.280 --> 00:13:50.130
  • Dave: Other structures here at Pisidian Antioch included
  • 00:13:50.140 --> 00:13:54.180
  • a theater which held around 6.000 to 8.000 people
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  • in the 1st century, baths, and an aqueduct,
  • 00:13:58.180 --> 00:14:08.080
  • but it's really far away, and I'm tired.
  • 00:14:08.090 --> 00:14:12.290
  • A temple to Roman Emperor Augustus,
  • 00:14:13.000 --> 00:14:16.190
  • a large central plaza known as the Tiberia Platea with markets,
  • 00:14:16.200 --> 00:14:20.280
  • shops, and restaurants.
  • 00:14:20.290 --> 00:14:23.050
  • The city also had an ancient Jewish synagogue.
  • 00:14:23.060 --> 00:14:26.010
  • Dave: In Acts chapter 13, we learned that Paul and Barnabas
  • 00:14:27.120 --> 00:14:30.110
  • went to the synagogue here in Pisidian Antioch and preached
  • 00:14:30.120 --> 00:14:33.210
  • the gospel to all in attendance.
  • 00:14:33.220 --> 00:14:36.150
  • Paul shared the power of Christ's death and Resurrection
  • 00:14:36.160 --> 00:14:39.140
  • for both Jews and Gentiles, saying,
  • 00:14:39.150 --> 00:14:42.190
  • "I want you to know that through Jesus,
  • 00:14:42.200 --> 00:14:45.020
  • the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you.
  • 00:14:45.030 --> 00:14:48.050
  • Through him, everyone who believes is set free
  • 00:14:48.060 --> 00:14:51.150
  • from every sin," Acts 13:38 and 39.
  • 00:14:51.160 --> 00:14:55.160
  • Dave: Archaeologists have discovered this Byzantine-era
  • 00:14:58.160 --> 00:15:01.200
  • church near the center of the ancient city.
  • 00:15:01.210 --> 00:15:05.050
  • In addition to this church, excavations at the site have
  • 00:15:05.060 --> 00:15:08.090
  • also revealed evidence of a 1st-century
  • 00:15:08.100 --> 00:15:11.010
  • structure underneath it.
  • 00:15:11.020 --> 00:15:13.140
  • The current theory is that this church was built over
  • 00:15:13.150 --> 00:15:17.030
  • the synagogue where Paul preached
  • 00:15:17.040 --> 00:15:18.280
  • here at Pisidian Antioch.
  • 00:15:18.290 --> 00:15:21.060
  • There has also been a Greek inscription on an altar
  • 00:15:21.070 --> 00:15:24.120
  • dating back to the Byzantine era that read, "Saint Paul."
  • 00:15:24.130 --> 00:15:28.170
  • After years of research, many early Christian inscriptions
  • 00:15:28.180 --> 00:15:32.210
  • have been found in this area, revealing the early acceptance
  • 00:15:32.220 --> 00:15:36.230
  • of Christianity at Pisidian Antioch.
  • 00:15:36.240 --> 00:15:39.270
  • 00:15:39.280 --> 00:15:44.190
  • Dave: On the next Sabbath day,
  • 00:15:44.200 --> 00:15:45.290
  • almost the entire city gathered to hear Paul preach again.
  • 00:15:46.000 --> 00:15:50.210
  • This meeting probably took place right here,
  • 00:15:50.220 --> 00:15:53.280
  • on the Tiberia Platea.
  • 00:15:53.290 --> 00:15:56.140
  • Now, when the Jewish leaders saw the crowds,
  • 00:15:56.150 --> 00:15:58.100
  • they were filled with jealousy, and they began to heckle
  • 00:15:58.110 --> 00:16:02.080
  • and abuse Paul and Barnabas, but Paul responded boldly:
  • 00:16:02.090 --> 00:16:07.180
  • "We had to speak the Word of God to you first.
  • 00:16:07.190 --> 00:16:10.290
  • Since you reject it and do not consider yourselves worthy
  • 00:16:11.000 --> 00:16:14.120
  • of eternal life, we now turn to the Gentiles.
  • 00:16:14.130 --> 00:16:18.020
  • For this is what the Lord has commanded us: 'I have made you
  • 00:16:18.030 --> 00:16:21.270
  • a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation
  • 00:16:21.280 --> 00:16:24.280
  • to the ends of the earth,'" Acts 13:46 and 47.
  • 00:16:24.290 --> 00:16:29.270
  • Dave: The gospel started spreading among the Gentiles
  • 00:16:32.060 --> 00:16:34.290
  • in this entire area, but the Jewish leaders weren't done.
  • 00:16:35.000 --> 00:16:39.030
  • They stirred up persecution against Paul and Barnabas,
  • 00:16:39.040 --> 00:16:43.110
  • and kicked them out of the region.
  • 00:16:43.120 --> 00:16:45.160
  • Acts tells us that Paul and Barnabas shook the dust off
  • 00:16:45.170 --> 00:16:48.230
  • their feet when they left the city,
  • 00:16:48.240 --> 00:16:51.220
  • just as Jesus had commanded his disciples to do in the Gospels.
  • 00:16:51.230 --> 00:16:56.190
  • They did this as a warning to the Jewish leaders,
  • 00:16:56.200 --> 00:16:58.260
  • and moved on to the next city.
  • 00:16:58.270 --> 00:17:01.030
  • The account tells us that "they moved on to Iconium,
  • 00:17:01.040 --> 00:17:04.100
  • and they were filled with joy and the Holy Spirit."
  • 00:17:04.110 --> 00:17:07.210
  • 00:17:07.220 --> 00:17:12.280
  • Dave: Our next stop is the ancient city of Iconium,
  • 00:17:12.290 --> 00:17:16.070
  • located about 90 miles southeast of Pisidian Antioch.
  • 00:17:16.080 --> 00:17:20.150
  • Iconium was located right in the middle of Asia Minor,
  • 00:17:20.160 --> 00:17:23.290
  • on the Roman highway known as the Via Sebaste.
  • 00:17:24.000 --> 00:17:27.030
  • So, many travelers and traders would have passed
  • 00:17:27.040 --> 00:17:29.180
  • through the city.
  • 00:17:29.190 --> 00:17:31.240
  • Iconium was also situated on a wide plain at about 3.300 feet,
  • 00:17:31.250 --> 00:17:37.260
  • known for its grain fields, orchards, and sheep.
  • 00:17:37.270 --> 00:17:41.020
  • Dave: Ancient Iconium is known as the modern city of Konya.
  • 00:17:43.040 --> 00:17:48.000
  • Now, the ancient city has been largely lost under
  • 00:17:48.010 --> 00:17:51.050
  • the modern buildings, but during the Roman period,
  • 00:17:51.060 --> 00:17:54.180
  • Iconium had a theater and a great temple to Zeus,
  • 00:17:54.190 --> 00:17:58.210
  • indicated by inscriptions and coin featuring the image of Zeus
  • 00:17:58.220 --> 00:18:03.150
  • discovered near here.
  • 00:18:03.160 --> 00:18:05.230
  • Other statues, reliefs, altars, and inscriptions of various
  • 00:18:05.240 --> 00:18:09.250
  • other deities and emperors have also been found in the area,
  • 00:18:09.260 --> 00:18:14.040
  • many of which have made their way to this museum
  • 00:18:14.050 --> 00:18:17.000
  • in modern-day Konya.
  • 00:18:17.010 --> 00:18:18.150
  • Dave: According to Acts chapter 14,
  • 00:18:21.010 --> 00:18:23.070
  • Paul and Barnabas arrived here in Iconium
  • 00:18:23.080 --> 00:18:26.020
  • and went to the synagogue to preach.
  • 00:18:26.030 --> 00:18:28.070
  • As a result, a number of Jews and Greeks became followers
  • 00:18:28.080 --> 00:18:31.290
  • of Jesus, but similar to Pisidian Antioch,
  • 00:18:32.000 --> 00:18:36.030
  • an angry group plotted harm against Paul and Barnabas,
  • 00:18:36.040 --> 00:18:39.260
  • so they fled to the surrounding countryside,
  • 00:18:39.270 --> 00:18:42.180
  • where they continued to preach the gospel.
  • 00:18:42.190 --> 00:18:45.000
  • Dave: Despite strong opposition,
  • 00:18:46.210 --> 00:18:48.130
  • Paul's courageous preaching was effective,
  • 00:18:48.140 --> 00:18:51.160
  • and Christianity began to flourish here in ancient Iconium
  • 00:18:51.170 --> 00:18:55.150
  • and in the surrounding area, as is indicated by a major church
  • 00:18:55.160 --> 00:18:59.110
  • council that occurred here in around 235 AD.
  • 00:18:59.120 --> 00:19:04.050
  • Another indication are these ancient inscriptions
  • 00:19:04.060 --> 00:19:07.080
  • and carvings that you can see today at the museum
  • 00:19:07.090 --> 00:19:10.080
  • here in modern-day Konya.
  • 00:19:10.090 --> 00:19:12.060
  • Here is an anchor, a symbol for early Christianity,
  • 00:19:12.070 --> 00:19:15.040
  • and beneath it, you can clearly see Jonah and the great fish
  • 00:19:15.050 --> 00:19:19.290
  • depicted, the great fish in whose belly Jonah stayed
  • 00:19:20.000 --> 00:19:24.170
  • for 3 days, a covert way that the early church
  • 00:19:24.180 --> 00:19:28.030
  • would refer to the death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
  • 00:19:28.040 --> 00:19:32.020
  • Dave: Once again fleeing the hostility of their Jewish
  • 00:19:33.150 --> 00:19:36.040
  • opponents, Paul and Barnabas traveled from Iconium to Lystra,
  • 00:19:36.050 --> 00:19:40.030
  • about 21 miles to the southwest.
  • 00:19:40.040 --> 00:19:43.000
  • So on to Lystra we go.
  • 00:19:43.010 --> 00:19:45.200
  • 00:19:45.210 --> 00:19:54.250
  • Dave: Today, the ruins of ancient Lystra are here,
  • 00:19:54.260 --> 00:19:58.050
  • near the modern village of Hatunsaray.
  • 00:19:58.060 --> 00:20:01.000
  • A portion of Lystra seems to have been found on that hill
  • 00:20:01.010 --> 00:20:05.040
  • because that's where they found a number of ruins
  • 00:20:05.050 --> 00:20:07.010
  • and inscriptions.
  • 00:20:07.020 --> 00:20:08.170
  • It's likely that that was the acropolis of ancient Lystra,
  • 00:20:08.180 --> 00:20:11.210
  • which covered about 16 acres.
  • 00:20:11.220 --> 00:20:16.130
  • Although the site at Lystra has yet to be excavated,
  • 00:20:16.140 --> 00:20:20.000
  • this massive stone altar, dating back to the 2nd-century AD,
  • 00:20:20.010 --> 00:20:24.140
  • was discovered in 1885, and it contains a Latin inscription
  • 00:20:24.150 --> 00:20:29.120
  • including the name of the city, Lystra.
  • 00:20:29.130 --> 00:20:32.290
  • Dave: Not far from the acropolis of ancient Lystra
  • 00:20:33.000 --> 00:20:35.180
  • is the city of Gokyurt.
  • 00:20:35.190 --> 00:20:37.250
  • Many associate Gokyurt with the biblical region of Lystra
  • 00:20:37.260 --> 00:20:41.240
  • that Paul journeyed to in Acts.
  • 00:20:41.250 --> 00:20:46.160
  • Scattered throughout modern Gokyurt
  • 00:20:46.170 --> 00:20:48.230
  • are the remains of ancient Kilistra.
  • 00:20:48.240 --> 00:20:53.110
  • This awesome settlement was carved into the rocks,
  • 00:20:53.120 --> 00:20:56.150
  • and dates before and after Lystra.
  • 00:20:56.160 --> 00:20:59.130
  • 00:20:59.140 --> 00:21:04.000
  • During the Byzantine era, it's network of houses,
  • 00:21:04.010 --> 00:21:07.090
  • caves, and underground churches helped protect Christianity
  • 00:21:07.100 --> 00:21:11.120
  • in this region.
  • 00:21:11.130 --> 00:21:12.260
  • To find the ancient ruins of Kilistra,
  • 00:21:12.270 --> 00:21:15.070
  • you have to look carefully here in this village Gokyurt.
  • 00:21:15.080 --> 00:21:19.130
  • The builders of these rock dwellings were masters of
  • 00:21:19.140 --> 00:21:22.240
  • camouflage, and some entrances are still well hidden.
  • 00:21:22.250 --> 00:21:26.210
  • Even today, many of these secret rooms have been adopted
  • 00:21:26.220 --> 00:21:30.050
  • by local villagers and used as stores, warehouses,
  • 00:21:30.060 --> 00:21:34.010
  • barns, and unfortunately, garbage dumps.
  • 00:21:34.020 --> 00:21:37.090
  • Dave: For centuries, this has been the traditional site
  • 00:21:41.080 --> 00:21:43.220
  • that locals have associated with Paul's visits to Lystra
  • 00:21:43.230 --> 00:21:47.100
  • and the region.
  • 00:21:47.110 --> 00:21:48.270
  • It was at Lystra that Paul performed one of the most
  • 00:21:48.280 --> 00:21:51.250
  • astounding miracles recorded in Acts,
  • 00:21:51.260 --> 00:21:54.250
  • healing a beggar crippled since birth.
  • 00:21:54.260 --> 00:21:57.210
  • "In Lystra there sat a man who was lame.
  • 00:21:59.130 --> 00:22:02.110
  • He had been that way from birth and had never walked.
  • 00:22:02.120 --> 00:22:05.160
  • He listened to Paul as he was speaking.
  • 00:22:05.170 --> 00:22:08.010
  • Paul looked directly at him, saw that he had faith to be healed
  • 00:22:08.020 --> 00:22:12.160
  • and called out, 'Stand up on your feet!'
  • 00:22:12.170 --> 00:22:15.220
  • At that, the man jumped up and began to walk.
  • 00:22:15.230 --> 00:22:20.140
  • When the crowd saw what Paul had done,
  • 00:22:20.150 --> 00:22:22.190
  • they shouted in the Lycaonian language,
  • 00:22:22.200 --> 00:22:25.130
  • 'The gods have come down to us in human form!'
  • 00:22:25.140 --> 00:22:29.050
  • Barnabas they called Zeus
  • 00:22:29.060 --> 00:22:30.240
  • and Paul they called Hermes," Acts 14:8-12.
  • 00:22:30.250 --> 00:22:36.200
  • The miracle convinced the locals here in Lystra that the two
  • 00:22:36.210 --> 00:22:40.150
  • missionaries were the Greek gods Zeus and Hermes,
  • 00:22:40.160 --> 00:22:43.190
  • who, according to local legend,
  • 00:22:43.200 --> 00:22:45.090
  • had visited the area as men before.
  • 00:22:45.100 --> 00:22:48.140
  • To prevent the people from honoring them with sacrifices,
  • 00:22:48.150 --> 00:22:52.000
  • Paul and Barnabas cried out in protest,
  • 00:22:52.010 --> 00:22:55.020
  • "Friends, why are you doing this?
  • 00:22:55.030 --> 00:22:57.010
  • We too are only human like you.
  • 00:22:57.020 --> 00:22:59.230
  • We are bringing you good news, telling you to turn from these
  • 00:22:59.240 --> 00:23:03.160
  • worthless things to the living God who made the heavens
  • 00:23:03.170 --> 00:23:06.250
  • and the earth and the sea and everything in them," Acts 14:15.
  • 00:23:06.260 --> 00:23:12.070
  • Dave: Acts chapter 14 tells us that a short time later,
  • 00:23:13.030 --> 00:23:16.080
  • Jewish opponents from Pisidian Antioch
  • 00:23:16.090 --> 00:23:19.010
  • and Iconium arrived here in Lystra.
  • 00:23:19.020 --> 00:23:22.190
  • Once again, they won the crowd over and incited them
  • 00:23:22.200 --> 00:23:26.000
  • against Paul and Barnabas.
  • 00:23:26.010 --> 00:23:28.060
  • They even stoned Paul and dragged him outside the city,
  • 00:23:28.070 --> 00:23:32.070
  • thinking he was dead.
  • 00:23:32.080 --> 00:23:33.260
  • But Acts tells us that Paul survived,
  • 00:23:33.270 --> 00:23:36.180
  • and the very next day, Paul and Barnabas fled
  • 00:23:36.190 --> 00:23:39.170
  • for the city of Derbe.
  • 00:23:39.180 --> 00:23:41.060
  • Dave: Derbe is about 60 miles southeast of Lystra.
  • 00:23:42.240 --> 00:23:46.100
  • However, the ancient route at the time of Paul
  • 00:23:46.110 --> 00:23:48.210
  • may have been more like 80 miles of tough travel.
  • 00:23:48.220 --> 00:23:52.230
  • Can you imagine?
  • 00:23:52.240 --> 00:23:54.030
  • Paul barely survived a brutal stoning the day before,
  • 00:23:54.040 --> 00:23:57.180
  • and now he was embarking on another long trek.
  • 00:23:57.190 --> 00:24:00.280
  • Talk about faith under fire.
  • 00:24:00.290 --> 00:24:03.030
  • 00:24:03.040 --> 00:24:13.040
  • Dave: For hundreds of years, the precise location
  • 00:24:14.070 --> 00:24:16.240
  • of Derbe was unknown.
  • 00:24:16.250 --> 00:24:19.130
  • Although ancient texts refer to the city as being part
  • 00:24:19.140 --> 00:24:22.190
  • of Galatian Province during the time of Paul,
  • 00:24:22.200 --> 00:24:26.000
  • nothing had been discovered which allowed
  • 00:24:26.010 --> 00:24:27.220
  • for the identification of the site.
  • 00:24:27.230 --> 00:24:30.090
  • Eventually, inscriptions and coins were found which
  • 00:24:30.100 --> 00:24:34.120
  • pinpointed the site here, at a location known today
  • 00:24:34.130 --> 00:24:38.030
  • as Kerti Huyuk.
  • 00:24:38.040 --> 00:24:40.030
  • Dave: Like many Hellenistic cities,
  • 00:24:41.070 --> 00:24:42.260
  • Derbe had an acropolis, or highest point in the city.
  • 00:24:42.270 --> 00:24:46.290
  • It was about 60 feet high, and covered about 12 acres.
  • 00:24:47.000 --> 00:24:51.130
  • Below it was the rest of the town.
  • 00:24:51.140 --> 00:24:53.250
  • Recent excavations have revealed ancient walls of stone
  • 00:24:53.260 --> 00:24:57.090
  • and brick, tombs, a stone quarry, and one building.
  • 00:24:57.100 --> 00:25:02.170
  • Otherwise, not much has been discovered here yet.
  • 00:25:02.180 --> 00:25:07.050
  • So, despite the persecution, despite the attacks,
  • 00:25:07.060 --> 00:25:11.000
  • at each stop in the journey,
  • 00:25:11.010 --> 00:25:12.290
  • people were becoming followers of Jesus.
  • 00:25:13.000 --> 00:25:16.170
  • "They preached the gospel in Derbe
  • 00:25:16.180 --> 00:25:18.240
  • and won a large number of disciples.
  • 00:25:18.250 --> 00:25:22.070
  • They returned to Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch,
  • 00:25:22.080 --> 00:25:26.120
  • strengthening the disciples and encouraging them
  • 00:25:26.130 --> 00:25:28.160
  • to remain true to the faith.
  • 00:25:28.170 --> 00:25:31.280
  • 'We must go through many hardships to enter
  • 00:25:31.290 --> 00:25:34.240
  • the kingdom of God,' they said.
  • 00:25:34.250 --> 00:25:37.200
  • After going through Pisidian, they came into Pamphylia,
  • 00:25:37.210 --> 00:25:41.290
  • and when they had preached the Word in Perga,
  • 00:25:42.000 --> 00:25:44.110
  • they went down to Attalia," Acts 14:21-25.
  • 00:25:44.120 --> 00:25:50.100
  • Dave: You know, driving the routes of Paul and Barnabas'
  • 00:25:54.120 --> 00:25:56.290
  • first missionary journey here in Turkey
  • 00:25:57.000 --> 00:26:00.080
  • is a tremendous experience.
  • 00:26:00.090 --> 00:26:01.260
  • What a great way to visualize, at some level,
  • 00:26:01.270 --> 00:26:04.130
  • the faith and the courage of these men.
  • 00:26:04.140 --> 00:26:07.100
  • Despite the tremendous difficulties they endured,
  • 00:26:07.110 --> 00:26:10.160
  • the Holy Spirit and the gospel message gave Paul the power
  • 00:26:10.170 --> 00:26:14.280
  • to transform the lives of the people he met,
  • 00:26:14.290 --> 00:26:18.240
  • and to become, later, one of the greatest change agents
  • 00:26:18.250 --> 00:26:22.000
  • the world has ever known.
  • 00:26:22.010 --> 00:26:23.290
  • 00:26:24.000 --> 00:26:29.110
  • 00:26:29.120 --> 00:26:39.110
  • 00:26:39.120 --> 00:26:49.110
  • 00:26:49.120 --> 00:26:59.110
  • 00:26:59.120 --> 00:27:09.130
  • 00:27:09.140 --> 00:27:19.130
  • 00:27:19.140 --> 00:27:29.140