Acts to Revelation | Episode 5 | TBN

Acts to Revelation | Episode 5

Watch Acts to Revelation | Episode 5
May 9, 2018
27:33

Drive Thru History: Acts to Revelation

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Acts to Revelation | Episode 5

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  • Dave Stotts: In our last couple of episodes,
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  • the Jesus movement and the religious establishment
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  • continued their battle for the hearts and minds of the people.
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  • Most of the followers of The Way in Jerusalem were Jews
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  • who were still observing certain aspects of the Mosaic law
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  • and Hebrew customs.
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  • What set them apart was that they also believed that Jesus
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  • was the Messiah, the Christ, the Son of God.
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  • After a man named Cornelius and his group believed the gospel
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  • message here at Caesarea, The Way started spreading outside
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  • the communities of Jews.
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  • An increasing number of Gentiles became part of the church,
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  • especially as the gospel continued spreading north.
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  • Disciples of Jesus Christ from all over the region started
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  • congregating in Syrian Antioch, about 300 miles north,
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  • up the Mediterranean coast.
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  • There, the church grew quickly among both Jews and Gentiles.
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  • What would be next in the history of the church?
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  • Dave: There are literally billions of Christians today
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  • living in every part of the globe.
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  • It's amazing, isn't it, to think back on how it all began,
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  • with just a few bold followers of Jesus
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  • from the Mediterranean region.
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  • But oftentimes in Scripture, we see examples of things intended
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  • for harm or evil, but actually, the opposite happened,
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  • and these stories in Acts are excellent examples of this.
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  • The stoning of Stephen marked the beginning of a time
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  • of persecution intended to put an end
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  • to this quickly growing movement.
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  • As a result, many members of the church left Jerusalem
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  • and settled in other places.
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  • Rather than it dying out, as many hoped that it would,
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  • this was really the beginning of the spread of the church.
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  • Dave: As Luke himself wrote: "The hand of the Lord was
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  • with them, and a great number who believed turned
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  • to the Lord," Acts 11:21.
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  • Dave: One city where a major church was established was
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  • right here in Syrian Antioch.
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  • In fact, it was here where early followers of Jesus,
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  • The Way, were first called, "Christians."
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  • The word "Christian" comes from the Greek word "Christianos,"
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  • which means "follower of Christ."
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  • Dave: Today, Syrian Antioch is known as Antakya,
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  • with a population of about 250.000.
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  • The city is now in the country of Turkey,
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  • about 14 miles inland from the Mediterranean coast,
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  • and 12 miles west of the Syrian border.
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  • Because of the horrible war in bordering Syria,
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  • Antakya is not a place many tourists like
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  • to visit these days.
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  • But I am so glad I made this trip.
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  • Like I said previously in the series,
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  • sometimes it's the less traveled places that help reinforce,
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  • for me, the historical accuracy of the stories in the Bible.
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  • Dave: Antakya is located in a fertile valley on the banks
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  • of the Orontes River, surrounded by mountains known
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  • for their green marble.
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  • Antioch was founded in about 300 BC,
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  • and within a couple of centuries,
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  • it was the eastern capital of the Roman Empire.
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  • At its peak, the city was almost as grand as Rome itself,
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  • with a population pushing 500.000 people.
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  • Dave: Antioch had a circus modeled after the great Circus
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  • Maximus in Rome.
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  • It could hold up to 80.000 spectators
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  • for chariot races and the like.
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  • The city also boasted of its museum,
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  • theaters, senate house, forum, aqueducts,
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  • and this big Roman temple, the ruins of which you can see
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  • next to me on this field.
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  • It was a huge, progressive city with a large middle class.
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  • But despite Antioch's forward-thinking leaders,
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  • the city never became a center of learning
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  • like Alexandria or Rome.
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  • In fact, history records that Antioch was a place of
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  • buffoonery, with bloodshed among its citizens and superstition
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  • throughout its culture.
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  • Speaking of buffoonery, I think it's time for me to eat.
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  • Dave: All this walkin' around Antioch
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  • is makin' me kinda hungry.
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  • This place smells pretty good. Let's go check it out.
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  • Dave: Look, make no mistake.
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  • On "Drive Thru History" shoots, I can work up an appetite.
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  • So when I smell food being prepared, I get excited.
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  • Okay, maybe a little too excited.
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  • It's ready, yes, it's ready, got it all prepared.
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  • It's finished, it's oh so ready,
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  • so just let it all begin.
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  • Dave: I wonder what's on the menu today.
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  • Let's try now.
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  • Oh, mmm.
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  • Dave: I think I'm gonna need a bigger napkin.
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  • Bread, please.
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  • Eggplant, tahini, you can't go wrong with hummus,
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  • olives, meat with yogurt.
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  • Really good bread stuff.
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  • What's the Turkish word for, "Can I have some water
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  • as soon as humanly possible"?
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  • Forget a bigger napkin. I might need some bigger pants.
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  • I don't wanna say it was hot, but--as for the main course,
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  • how 'bout a choice of beef, lamb,
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  • or chicken served skewered on a kebab with grilled onions
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  • and spices with more flatbread?
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  • I'll have the chicken.
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  • Thank you.
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  • Now, arguably, the most famous Antakya treat is called kunefe.
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  • It's shredded wheat surrounding mild fresh cheese.
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  • It's soaked in syrup and then baked,
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  • cheese being my favorite food group.
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  • It's the way you make me feel.
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  • Dave: Hot out of the oven.
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  • It's the way you make me feel,
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  • and I fly all the way 'cause I'm--
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  • Dave: Wow, and here I thought cheese
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  • couldn't be improved upon.
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  • Little Debbie, I think you've got some competition
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  • in this part of the world.
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  • I think it needs more cheese.
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  • Dave: And another thing, one of the local crafts here
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  • in Antakya is soap making with local oils of the region,
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  • including bay tree oil.
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  • And as you may know, I like soap.
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  • I like it a lot. How much?
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  • male: Five bucks.
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  • Dave: Five lira, okay, that oughtta do it.
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  • male: Thanks.
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  • Dave: You have no idea what this means to me.
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  • Dave: This reconstruction of Antioch is based on one
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  • scholar's analysis of the ancient grid pattern that can
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  • still be made out in the modern city of Antakya.
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  • This viewpoint from above the city shows its massive scope,
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  • including a hippodrome, stadium, theaters,
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  • bath houses, and the royal palace.
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  • Dave: In the 1930s, significant excavations were
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  • launched here in Antakya, revealing a treasure trove of
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  • Roman-era mosaics and artifacts, including this map,
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  • which shows the palace, circus,
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  • and other key buildings from the city.
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  • Very few major buildings have been uncovered,
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  • and most of the ancient city still waits to be discovered
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  • underneath my feet.
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  • There are still several sites of archaeological importance to
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  • visit, however, such as the Antakya Archaeological Museum,
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  • and the nearby Cave of Saint Peter,
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  • one of the earliest Christian churches in the world.
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  • Dave: This awesome site is known as The Church
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  • of Saint Peter, or Saint Peter's Cave.
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  • This huge grotto, carved right into the ancient Mount Starius,
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  • is the traditional location for where early followers of Jesus
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  • were first called, "Christians."
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  • Now, we don't know for sure whether or not this
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  • is the actual church established by Peter,
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  • Paul, and the others, but scholars do agree that this is
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  • the site for one of the earliest Christian churches in the world.
  • 00:09:12.090 --> 00:09:16.180
  • 00:09:16.190 --> 00:09:22.090
  • Now, the façade, or the exterior that we saw out front was built
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  • by the crusaders starting in 1098 when they captured Antioch.
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  • But when you come inside, we experience an interior that
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  • might go back to the early church here in ancient Antioch.
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  • There are a number of winding corridors and catacombs,
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  • important for hiding early Christian worshipers in the
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  • events of a raid or an attack.
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  • The church also has a number of Byzantine period remnants,
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  • such as these mosaic fragments on the floor,
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  • and a partial fresco that you can see behind me on the wall.
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  • Dave: By the 3rd century AD, Antioch would be booming
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  • with 10 different Christian congregations.
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  • In fact, Antioch would become home to one of the five leaders
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  • or patriarchs of the entire Christian church,
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  • the others being in Jerusalem, Alexandria,
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  • Constantinople, and Rome.
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  • According to the church historian Eusebius,
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  • Ignatius of Antioch was the patriarch here
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  • in the late 1st century.
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  • Ignatius was the third leader of the church in Antioch,
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  • and likely a student of John from the Gospels.
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  • So, history tells us that the city of Antioch
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  • was a huge player in early Christian history.
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  • Dave: The 1st-century church at Antioch
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  • had a true international flavor.
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  • Its leaders hailed from lands
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  • all over the eastern Mediterranean.
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  • In about 45 AD, these church leaders came together
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  • for some strategic planning.
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  • According to Acts chapter 13, it was time for a bold missionary
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  • journey to deliver the gospel deep into the Roman world.
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  • In the end, the church chose three men,
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  • Paul, Barnabas, and John Mark to carry out the mission.
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  • After a period of prayer and fasting,
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  • the church leaders sent out this three-man team by ship.
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  • The first stop on the first missionary journey
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  • was the island of Cyprus.
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  • Dave: Cyprus is located in the Mediterranean Sea
  • 00:11:32.040 --> 00:11:35.040
  • south of Turkey, north of Egypt, and west of Syria.
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  • The island is about 150 miles long east to west,
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  • and about 62 miles wide north to south.
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  • The highest point is Mount Olympus,
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  • not to be confused with the one in Greece,
  • 00:11:48.250 --> 00:11:51.070
  • with a peak of 6.404 feet.
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  • Now, I didn't take a ship from the Turkish coast as 1st-century
  • 00:11:54.240 --> 00:11:58.200
  • travelers would have taken to Cyprus.
  • 00:11:58.210 --> 00:12:00.210
  • I got to fly.
  • 00:12:00.220 --> 00:12:02.040
  • But wow, the first thing you realize when arriving in Cyprus
  • 00:12:02.050 --> 00:12:05.130
  • is just how beautiful this place is in the air.
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  • White sand, turquoise blue water,
  • 00:12:08.150 --> 00:12:10.290
  • beachfront resorts, today, Cyprus' most important source
  • 00:12:11.000 --> 00:12:14.230
  • of income is from the tourist industry.
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  • Two million people a year visit, and it is rated as the fortieth
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  • most popular tourist destination in the world.
  • 00:12:21.190 --> 00:12:25.210
  • Well, this is "Drive Thru History,"
  • 00:12:25.220 --> 00:12:27.150
  • so I guess my first order of business is to find
  • 00:12:27.160 --> 00:12:29.250
  • a sweet ride for my time in Cyprus.
  • 00:12:29.260 --> 00:12:32.160
  • Dave: Now, today, Cyprus is a divided island.
  • 00:12:35.220 --> 00:12:39.160
  • The history of this division is complicated,
  • 00:12:39.170 --> 00:12:41.260
  • but since 1974, Turkey has controlled the northern third
  • 00:12:41.270 --> 00:12:47.020
  • of the island.
  • 00:12:47.030 --> 00:12:48.160
  • The United Nations officially recognizes Cyprus to be the sole
  • 00:12:48.170 --> 00:12:52.270
  • legitimate state, but the north part of the island
  • 00:12:52.280 --> 00:12:56.100
  • is under the military control of Turkey.
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  • Dave: Cyprus has been home to advanced civilizations for
  • 00:13:00.040 --> 00:13:03.000
  • nearly 4.000 years.
  • 00:13:03.010 --> 00:13:05.030
  • The island has a long history of toggling back and forth between
  • 00:13:05.040 --> 00:13:09.010
  • independence and occupation, with cultures such as the
  • 00:13:09.020 --> 00:13:12.070
  • Egyptians, Phoenicians, Assyrians,
  • 00:13:12.080 --> 00:13:14.210
  • and Greeks all having a major influence.
  • 00:13:14.220 --> 00:13:18.050
  • In 58 BC, the Romans took over the island and made it a part
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  • of the province of Cilicia.
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  • The famous Roman writer Cicero was appointed governor
  • 00:13:23.210 --> 00:13:27.080
  • of Cyprus in 52 BC.
  • 00:13:27.090 --> 00:13:30.070
  • Twenty-five years later, Emperor Augustus had worked to make
  • 00:13:30.080 --> 00:13:34.090
  • Cyprus its own province, with Paphos as its capital city.
  • 00:13:34.100 --> 00:13:38.160
  • Paphos on the southwest coast and Salamis on the southeast
  • 00:13:38.170 --> 00:13:43.030
  • coast were the two largest cities at the time
  • 00:13:43.040 --> 00:13:46.070
  • of the New Testament.
  • 00:13:46.080 --> 00:13:49.030
  • Acts chapter 13 tells us that it was here at Salamis where Paul,
  • 00:13:49.040 --> 00:13:53.250
  • Barnabas, and John Mark first landed and started proclaiming
  • 00:13:53.260 --> 00:13:57.150
  • the gospel in the synagogues.
  • 00:13:57.160 --> 00:14:00.040
  • Dave: The city of Salamis was likely named
  • 00:14:00.050 --> 00:14:02.210
  • after the city of Salamis in Greece.
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  • It was founded sometime after the Trojan War in the 12th
  • 00:14:05.210 --> 00:14:09.250
  • century BC, and developed as a primary cultural and commercial
  • 00:14:09.260 --> 00:14:15.010
  • center of the Mediterranean Sea from that point on.
  • 00:14:15.020 --> 00:14:20.120
  • During the Roman period, Salamis was a large impressive city
  • 00:14:20.130 --> 00:14:25.030
  • with a major harbor.
  • 00:14:25.040 --> 00:14:26.270
  • Public buildings included an elaborate gymnasium,
  • 00:14:26.280 --> 00:14:31.040
  • a massive theater with 50 rows of seats capable of holding
  • 00:14:31.050 --> 00:14:35.250
  • 15.000 people, 44 public latrines.
  • 00:14:35.260 --> 00:14:40.000
  • Hey, anybody seen my newspaper?
  • 00:14:40.010 --> 00:14:42.050
  • Romans pools and baths, complete with hot,
  • 00:14:42.060 --> 00:14:45.220
  • temperate, and cold rooms.
  • 00:14:45.230 --> 00:14:48.140
  • An agora, or market, measuring 750 by 180 feet surrounded by
  • 00:14:48.150 --> 00:14:53.200
  • Corinthian columns, a stadium, an amphitheater,
  • 00:14:53.210 --> 00:14:59.020
  • a temple to Jupiter, and finally, the harbor behind me.
  • 00:14:59.030 --> 00:15:03.140
  • Now, over the centuries, it's been filled up with silt,
  • 00:15:03.150 --> 00:15:06.060
  • so it's no longer visible.
  • 00:15:06.070 --> 00:15:09.240
  • During the 3rd century BC, Judeans were encouraged
  • 00:15:09.250 --> 00:15:13.060
  • to settle here in Salamis, with synagogues showing up
  • 00:15:13.070 --> 00:15:17.100
  • as early as the 2nd century BC.
  • 00:15:17.110 --> 00:15:20.060
  • It was in one of those synagogues that Paul and
  • 00:15:20.070 --> 00:15:23.030
  • Barnabas began to preach the gospel to the people of Cyprus.
  • 00:15:23.040 --> 00:15:28.030
  • Ultimately, they traveled the length of the island,
  • 00:15:28.040 --> 00:15:30.270
  • preaching the gospel along the way.
  • 00:15:30.280 --> 00:15:33.120
  • 00:15:33.130 --> 00:15:37.280
  • Dave: Luke records that the trio went through the whole
  • 00:15:37.290 --> 00:15:40.120
  • island, as far as Paphos, which is a distance
  • 00:15:40.130 --> 00:15:43.090
  • of around 90 miles.
  • 00:15:43.100 --> 00:15:45.040
  • 00:15:45.050 --> 00:15:53.020
  • Here on the western shore of Cyprus
  • 00:15:53.030 --> 00:15:55.110
  • lies the ancient city of Paphos.
  • 00:15:55.120 --> 00:15:57.290
  • Actually, there were two cities called Paphos.
  • 00:15:58.000 --> 00:16:00.190
  • The old Paphos, which housed an ancient sanctuary to Aphrodite,
  • 00:16:00.200 --> 00:16:05.110
  • and new Paphos, which became the Roman capital of the province.
  • 00:16:05.120 --> 00:16:10.050
  • Now, new Paphos was considered the dominant city,
  • 00:16:10.060 --> 00:16:13.030
  • and old Paphos was considered a pagan worship center.
  • 00:16:13.040 --> 00:16:17.250
  • Dave: Although separated by about 10 miles,
  • 00:16:17.260 --> 00:16:20.050
  • new and old were connected by a sacred road honoring Aphrodite,
  • 00:16:20.060 --> 00:16:24.170
  • the Greek goddess of love, beauty, and pleasure.
  • 00:16:24.180 --> 00:16:27.220
  • Old Paphos goes back to at least the 12th century BC,
  • 00:16:27.230 --> 00:16:31.220
  • and really started growing with the emergence
  • 00:16:31.230 --> 00:16:34.070
  • of the cult of Aphrodite.
  • 00:16:34.080 --> 00:16:37.210
  • Dave: According to local tradition,
  • 00:16:37.220 --> 00:16:39.100
  • the cult was connected to this rock,
  • 00:16:39.110 --> 00:16:42.130
  • known as Aphrodite's Rock.
  • 00:16:42.140 --> 00:16:45.030
  • Now, there are many versions of the myth,
  • 00:16:45.040 --> 00:16:46.240
  • but basically, Aphrodite, which means something like,
  • 00:16:46.250 --> 00:16:50.080
  • "Risen from the seam foam," was born from the frothy remains
  • 00:16:50.090 --> 00:16:55.190
  • of the Greek God Uranus after he had been mutilated
  • 00:16:55.200 --> 00:16:58.210
  • by his son Cronus.
  • 00:16:58.220 --> 00:17:01.190
  • Now, this rock is allegedly where Aphrodite rose from the
  • 00:17:01.200 --> 00:17:04.230
  • sea, at least, that was the ancient version of the myth,
  • 00:17:04.240 --> 00:17:08.220
  • according to the tourist trade.
  • 00:17:08.230 --> 00:17:11.060
  • Some things never change.
  • 00:17:11.070 --> 00:17:13.190
  • Dave: By the time the Romans got here,
  • 00:17:13.200 --> 00:17:15.050
  • this sanctuary to Aphrodite
  • 00:17:15.060 --> 00:17:16.260
  • was perhaps the most important site on the island.
  • 00:17:16.270 --> 00:17:19.210
  • The Romans referred to Aphrodite as "Venus," and history
  • 00:17:19.220 --> 00:17:23.050
  • is littered with references to both Venus and Aphrodite
  • 00:17:23.060 --> 00:17:26.210
  • being known as, "The lady of Cyprus."
  • 00:17:26.220 --> 00:17:29.180
  • Foundation remains of Aphrodite's sanctuary have been
  • 00:17:29.190 --> 00:17:32.260
  • uncovered, and can still be seen on this bluff
  • 00:17:32.270 --> 00:17:35.210
  • above the shoreline.
  • 00:17:35.220 --> 00:17:38.200
  • Dave: Now, legend says that anybody who swims around
  • 00:17:38.210 --> 00:17:42.040
  • Aphrodite's rock will be blessed with eternal beauty.
  • 00:17:42.050 --> 00:17:46.080
  • Hey, it's worth a shot.
  • 00:17:46.090 --> 00:17:48.220
  • Oh, and since this is a family show,
  • 00:17:48.230 --> 00:17:51.130
  • I wanna be sensitive to everybody's sensibilities.
  • 00:17:51.140 --> 00:17:54.290
  • Now, I did get a complaint letter one time a long time ago
  • 00:17:55.000 --> 00:17:58.090
  • written in longhand by a lady we'll call, "Myrtle."
  • 00:17:58.100 --> 00:18:02.280
  • Sweet Myrtle said in the letter, I quote,
  • 00:18:02.290 --> 00:18:06.080
  • "I really like your show, but I don't appreciate
  • 00:18:06.090 --> 00:18:08.260
  • seeing your sweaty, hairy legs.
  • 00:18:08.270 --> 00:18:12.190
  • So, Myrtle, I really hope that my new swimsuit meets
  • 00:18:15.200 --> 00:18:20.050
  • with your high standards.
  • 00:18:20.060 --> 00:18:23.000
  • 00:18:23.010 --> 00:18:28.210
  • Ow, ow, ow, ow, ow.
  • 00:18:28.220 --> 00:18:32.030
  • Dave: New Paphos was first established in 312 BC.
  • 00:18:37.240 --> 00:18:41.160
  • It grew as a port city and commercial center until being
  • 00:18:41.170 --> 00:18:44.280
  • destroyed by a massive earthquake in 15 BC.
  • 00:18:44.290 --> 00:18:48.230
  • The city was rebuilt with funds sent by the Roman Emperor
  • 00:18:48.240 --> 00:18:52.000
  • Augustus, and the city became known as Nea Paphos,
  • 00:18:52.010 --> 00:18:55.230
  • New Paphos.
  • 00:18:55.240 --> 00:18:57.260
  • Dave: Archaeological excavations have revealed that
  • 00:18:57.270 --> 00:19:00.050
  • a large Hellenistic city existed here during the 1st century AD.
  • 00:19:00.060 --> 00:19:05.060
  • This was the Roman seat of power for the entire island.
  • 00:19:05.070 --> 00:19:09.010
  • Now, archaeologists have uncovered residential villas
  • 00:19:09.020 --> 00:19:12.050
  • with exceptional mosaic floors, a possible governor's mansion,
  • 00:19:12.060 --> 00:19:17.250
  • an Asclepeion, a shrine to the Greek and Roman god of healing,
  • 00:19:17.260 --> 00:19:22.060
  • Asclepius, a Roman agora or marketplace, a natural harbor.
  • 00:19:22.070 --> 00:19:28.130
  • Dave: New Paphos was destroyed by more earthquakes
  • 00:19:30.040 --> 00:19:33.090
  • in the 4th century AD and was essentially abandoned.
  • 00:19:33.100 --> 00:19:37.020
  • It was this combination of earthquakes and abandonment
  • 00:19:37.030 --> 00:19:40.100
  • that actually resulted in the remarkable preservation
  • 00:19:40.110 --> 00:19:43.060
  • of these ruins from the Roman period city.
  • 00:19:43.070 --> 00:19:46.260
  • It was at this Paphos where Paul and Barnabas met Sergius Paulus,
  • 00:19:46.270 --> 00:19:51.170
  • the Roman leader of the island known as the proconsul.
  • 00:19:51.180 --> 00:19:54.230
  • They also crossed paths with an attendant of Sergius Paulus
  • 00:19:54.240 --> 00:19:58.100
  • named Bar-Jesus, or Elymas, apparently meaning,
  • 00:19:58.110 --> 00:20:01.220
  • "The magician or sorcerer," in Aramaic.
  • 00:20:01.230 --> 00:20:05.090
  • According to Acts chapter 13: "Sergius Paulus,
  • 00:20:05.100 --> 00:20:08.120
  • an intelligent man, sent for Barnabas and Saul
  • 00:20:08.130 --> 00:20:11.140
  • because he wanted to hear the Word of God.
  • 00:20:11.150 --> 00:20:14.000
  • But Elymas the sorcerer opposed them and tried to turn
  • 00:20:14.010 --> 00:20:17.250
  • the proconsul from the faith.
  • 00:20:17.260 --> 00:20:20.220
  • Then Saul, who was also called Paul,
  • 00:20:20.230 --> 00:20:23.050
  • filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and
  • 00:20:23.060 --> 00:20:26.150
  • said, 'You are a child of the devil
  • 00:20:26.160 --> 00:20:29.060
  • and an enemy of everything that is right!
  • 00:20:29.070 --> 00:20:31.190
  • You are full of all kinds of deceit and trickery.
  • 00:20:31.200 --> 00:20:34.180
  • Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord?
  • 00:20:34.190 --> 00:20:38.170
  • Now the hand of the Lord is against you.
  • 00:20:38.180 --> 00:20:40.260
  • You are going to be blind for a time,
  • 00:20:40.270 --> 00:20:43.030
  • not even able to see the light of the sun.'
  • 00:20:43.040 --> 00:20:46.010
  • Immediately mist and darkness came over him,
  • 00:20:46.020 --> 00:20:48.210
  • and he groped about,
  • 00:20:48.220 --> 00:20:50.010
  • seeking someone to lead him by the hand.
  • 00:20:50.020 --> 00:20:52.120
  • When the proconsul saw what had happened,
  • 00:20:52.130 --> 00:20:54.090
  • he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord,"
  • 00:20:54.100 --> 00:20:58.210
  • Acts 13:9 through 12.
  • 00:20:58.220 --> 00:21:02.250
  • Dave: According to this account in the book of Acts,
  • 00:21:02.260 --> 00:21:05.210
  • Sergius Paulus was the Roman official governing
  • 00:21:05.220 --> 00:21:08.230
  • the island of Cyprus.
  • 00:21:08.240 --> 00:21:11.080
  • Specifically, Luke, who was the author of Acts,
  • 00:21:11.090 --> 00:21:14.030
  • notes that Sergius Paulus was the proconsul of Cyprus,
  • 00:21:14.040 --> 00:21:18.210
  • and that he was ruling from Paphos
  • 00:21:18.220 --> 00:21:21.040
  • at the far end of the island.
  • 00:21:21.050 --> 00:21:23.120
  • Recent scholarship has corroborated the complete
  • 00:21:23.130 --> 00:21:26.140
  • accuracy of Luke's account.
  • 00:21:26.150 --> 00:21:28.250
  • According to the evidence, a Roman official named Sergius
  • 00:21:28.260 --> 00:21:32.070
  • Paulus with the governing title of proconsul did indeed rule
  • 00:21:32.080 --> 00:21:36.140
  • over Cyprus from Paphos in the middle of the 1st century AD.
  • 00:21:36.150 --> 00:21:40.160
  • Dave: At least 3 ancient inscriptions discovered over the
  • 00:21:43.000 --> 00:21:46.010
  • last 200 years contain the name Sergius Paulus and appear to
  • 00:21:46.020 --> 00:21:50.140
  • portray the man as the person of prominence in the Roman Empire
  • 00:21:50.150 --> 00:21:53.290
  • during the 1st century.
  • 00:21:54.000 --> 00:21:56.020
  • One Greek inscription discovered at Soloi,
  • 00:21:56.030 --> 00:21:59.000
  • a city just north of Paphos, mentions a proconsul named
  • 00:21:59.010 --> 00:22:03.020
  • Paulus and dates to the reign of the Roman Emperor Claudius,
  • 00:22:03.030 --> 00:22:06.180
  • who we know was in power at the time Paul visited Cyprus.
  • 00:22:06.190 --> 00:22:10.240
  • It is housed in the basement of the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia,
  • 00:22:10.250 --> 00:22:14.180
  • but is currently not on display.
  • 00:22:14.190 --> 00:22:17.010
  • But one of our crew was given special permission to go into
  • 00:22:17.020 --> 00:22:20.210
  • the museum and photograph this inscription.
  • 00:22:20.220 --> 00:22:24.110
  • Dave: So, why is this type of evidence important?
  • 00:22:24.120 --> 00:22:27.120
  • Because skeptics are always looking for reasons to challenge
  • 00:22:27.130 --> 00:22:30.140
  • the historical accuracy portrayed in the Bible.
  • 00:22:30.150 --> 00:22:34.180
  • But as we will see throughout this series on Acts,
  • 00:22:34.190 --> 00:22:37.210
  • Luke consistently nails the historical details
  • 00:22:37.220 --> 00:22:41.020
  • with dead-on accuracy.
  • 00:22:41.030 --> 00:22:43.150
  • That includes the very specialized titles of rulers
  • 00:22:43.160 --> 00:22:47.010
  • throughout the Roman Empire, including prefects,
  • 00:22:47.020 --> 00:22:49.250
  • proconsuls, and politarches.
  • 00:22:49.260 --> 00:22:52.150
  • 00:22:52.160 --> 00:23:02.150
  • 00:23:02.160 --> 00:23:05.090
  • Dave: I made it to Saint Barnabas Monastery here
  • 00:23:05.100 --> 00:23:08.000
  • in Famagusta, just outside ancient Salamis.
  • 00:23:08.010 --> 00:23:12.070
  • Now, this beautiful church was built in the 1750s to
  • 00:23:12.080 --> 00:23:16.020
  • commemorate the martyrdom of Saint Barnabas.
  • 00:23:16.030 --> 00:23:19.060
  • As we continue to see in this series,
  • 00:23:19.070 --> 00:23:22.090
  • martyrdom, or the dying for one's faith,
  • 00:23:22.100 --> 00:23:24.290
  • was a recurring theme in the early Christian experience.
  • 00:23:25.000 --> 00:23:29.210
  • Dave: According to Acts chapter 4,
  • 00:23:29.220 --> 00:23:31.220
  • Barnabas was born here in Cyprus,
  • 00:23:31.230 --> 00:23:34.030
  • probably in the city of Salamis.
  • 00:23:34.040 --> 00:23:36.080
  • Therefore, this entire missionary journey
  • 00:23:36.090 --> 00:23:38.220
  • was a homecoming of sorts.
  • 00:23:38.230 --> 00:23:40.190
  • Barnabas would have known many of the Jews here,
  • 00:23:40.200 --> 00:23:43.040
  • and all the synagogues in the area.
  • 00:23:43.050 --> 00:23:45.100
  • He was also a strong personality,
  • 00:23:45.110 --> 00:23:47.090
  • the son of encouragement, the perfect right-hand man
  • 00:23:47.100 --> 00:23:50.240
  • for the Apostle Paul.
  • 00:23:50.250 --> 00:23:54.080
  • Dave: As we'll learn later in Acts,
  • 00:23:54.090 --> 00:23:56.210
  • Barnabas would leave Paul's missionary team and return
  • 00:23:56.220 --> 00:24:00.090
  • to Cyprus and help lead the church here at Salamis.
  • 00:24:00.100 --> 00:24:05.060
  • Barnabas was a very popular leader.
  • 00:24:05.070 --> 00:24:07.170
  • In fact, ancient church sources record that Barnabas
  • 00:24:07.180 --> 00:24:10.270
  • was considered the first bishop of Salamis.
  • 00:24:10.280 --> 00:24:14.100
  • Dave: Barnabas was murdered here in about 61 AD
  • 00:24:14.110 --> 00:24:18.020
  • by a mob stirred up by Bar-Jesus or Elymas,
  • 00:24:18.030 --> 00:24:21.230
  • the same false prophet that caused issues during Barnabas
  • 00:24:21.240 --> 00:24:24.130
  • and Paul's first missionary journey to the island.
  • 00:24:24.140 --> 00:24:27.120
  • According to ancient sources, Barnabas was preaching
  • 00:24:27.130 --> 00:24:30.050
  • at a synagogue in Salamis when a mob attacked him,
  • 00:24:30.060 --> 00:24:33.150
  • dragged him out with a rope around his neck,
  • 00:24:33.160 --> 00:24:36.080
  • and killed him.
  • 00:24:36.090 --> 00:24:37.260
  • These same sources tell us that John Mark,
  • 00:24:37.270 --> 00:24:40.040
  • who also happened to be the cousin of Barnabas,
  • 00:24:40.050 --> 00:24:42.190
  • collected the body of Barnabas and buried him in this area.
  • 00:24:42.200 --> 00:24:47.040
  • Dave: Only a small portion of this massive catacomb complex
  • 00:24:47.050 --> 00:24:50.290
  • has been excavated.
  • 00:24:51.000 --> 00:24:52.190
  • This necropolis of tombs is covering centuries of burials
  • 00:24:52.200 --> 00:24:57.060
  • here, both before and after Barnabas.
  • 00:24:57.070 --> 00:25:00.230
  • One section here is known as, "The royal tombs,"
  • 00:25:00.240 --> 00:25:03.190
  • where they have discovered elaborate ancient burials
  • 00:25:03.200 --> 00:25:06.220
  • complete with chariots and horses.
  • 00:25:06.230 --> 00:25:09.290
  • 00:25:10.000 --> 00:25:19.290
  • 00:25:20.000 --> 00:25:25.040
  • Dave: Beneath this chapel is the traditional location for the
  • 00:25:25.050 --> 00:25:28.230
  • tomb of Barnabas, a great hero of the Christian faith.
  • 00:25:28.240 --> 00:25:35.200
  • It is a somber location like this that reminds us of the
  • 00:25:35.210 --> 00:25:39.260
  • all-in commitment of the first followers of Jesus.
  • 00:25:39.270 --> 00:25:44.230
  • The legacy of Saint Barnabas continues to be an inspiration
  • 00:25:44.240 --> 00:25:49.140
  • for many Christians, even to this day.
  • 00:25:49.150 --> 00:25:52.250
  • 00:25:52.260 --> 00:25:57.290
  • Dave: So, that's the story of Cyprus.
  • 00:25:58.000 --> 00:26:00.100
  • Paul, Barnabas, and John Mark preached the gospel throughout
  • 00:26:00.110 --> 00:26:04.200
  • the island, successfully completing the first leg
  • 00:26:04.210 --> 00:26:08.000
  • of their first missionary journey together.
  • 00:26:08.010 --> 00:26:11.020
  • They would now catch a ship and sail north towards Asia Minor as
  • 00:26:11.030 --> 00:26:15.100
  • they continued their quest to spread the good news of Jesus.
  • 00:26:15.110 --> 00:26:21.180
  • 00:26:21.190 --> 00:26:26.290
  • 00:26:28.100 --> 00:26:38.090
  • 00:26:38.100 --> 00:26:48.090
  • 00:26:48.100 --> 00:26:58.090
  • 00:26:58.100 --> 00:27:08.090
  • 00:27:08.100 --> 00:27:18.090
  • 00:27:18.100 --> 00:27:28.100