Acts to Revelation | Episode 16 | TBN

Acts to Revelation | Episode 16

Watch Acts to Revelation | Episode 16
July 25, 2018
27:31

Drive Thru History: Acts to Revelation

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Acts to Revelation | Episode 16

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  • Da
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  • Dave
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  • Dave S
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  • Dave Sto
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  • Dave Stott
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  • Dave Stotts:
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  • Dave Stotts: I
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  • Dave Stotts: In
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  • Dave Stotts: In ou
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  • Dave Stotts: In our
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  • Dave Stotts: In our la
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last tw
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two ep
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two epis
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two episod
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two episodes
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  • Dave Stotts: In our last two episodes,
  • 00:00:01.030 --> 00:00:02.090
  • we completed the book of Acts from the epic city of Rome.
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  • We ended with the executions of Paul and Peter under Roman
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  • Emperor Nero, and then examined the continuing legacies
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  • of these two important leaders in early Christianity.
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  • In our final episodes of this series,
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  • we will delve into the last few decades
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  • of the 1st century church.
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  • We will examine the growing impact of Christianity
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  • in the Mediterranean region despite increased opposition
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  • and persecution.
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  • Along the way, we will explore the last writers of
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  • the New Testament texts, starting with an old fisherman
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  • from Galilee named John.
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  • Dave: To complete our journey through the New Testament,
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  • we are returning to Asia Minor.
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  • We will start here at Kusadasi Harbor on the western
  • 00:01:41.070 --> 00:01:44.170
  • coast of present-day Turkey.
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  • It's a popular stop from cruise ships whose passengers
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  • can visit nearby archeological sites like Ephesus,
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  • where the Apostle John spent considerable time.
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  • But to truly explore the legacy of John,
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  • we need to travel the opposite direction and go to the island
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  • of Patmos, and that means a road trip of a different king.
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  • Dave: Well, it's morning in Kusadasi,
  • 00:02:14.060 --> 00:02:16.000
  • not far from ancient Ephesus, so I'm gonna board this boat
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  • and set sail for the island of Patmos.
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  • "Drive-Thru History" goes to sea.
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  • Dave: Leaving Turkey was inspiring,
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  • but we were headed out into the perilous open sea.
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  • Now, I know what you might be thinking,
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  • "But Dave, weren't you worried about icebergs, tsunamis,
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  • pirates, things of that nature?"
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  • Fortunately no, because before we left Turkey I had googled
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  • some stuff about sailing, and slept in a Holiday Inn Express.
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  • Thus equipped with an understanding of all things
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  • nautical, I strode onto the captain's bridge
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  • with great confidence.
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  • Dave: You're doing a good job.
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  • male: Thank you.
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  • Dave: You're doing well.
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  • male: Thank you.
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  • Dave: Yeah.
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  • How hard can this be, really?
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  • male: Hey!
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  • Dave: Ow.
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  • Dave: Convinced that everything was squared away
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  • up front, I headed aft to make myself useful.
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  • Dave: Take the rabbit through the hole,
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  • around the tree, and--
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  • Dave: Hey, how you doing?
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  • Dave: Land ho!
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  • Ahoy, matey!
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  • I'm king of the world!
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  • [thundering]
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  • Dave: Oof.
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  • No!
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  • Ugh.
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  • Oof.
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  • Dave: I think I'll stick to driving.
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  • Dave: We finally made it to the beautiful,
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  • historic, and I might add sacred island of Patmos.
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  • Dave: Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea,
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  • about 13 miles in sights.
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  • It's a rocky, volcanic island with a coastline shaped
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  • like a seahorse.
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  • The entire island is only about 7 1/2 miles long and 6 miles
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  • across at its widest point, with a current population
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  • of about 3.000 people.
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  • Patmos was settled by Greeks migrating from the mainland,
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  • probably sometime during the 8th century BC.
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  • The earliest known mention of the island is found
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  • in the writings of the 5th century Greek historian
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  • Thucydides, but just as a geographic reference point.
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  • Dave: According to ancient Greek mythology,
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  • the island of Patmos was originally under water.
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  • That is, until Artemis persuaded Zeus to make it rise up
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  • out of the sea.
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  • You know, when you think about it,
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  • Patmos is a volcanic island, so I guess
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  • its more or less true that it did rise up out of the sea,
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  • but the idea that Zeus made it happen is
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  • on pretty shaky ground.
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  • I mean, I wouldn't look too closely at that theory
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  • with a magma-fying glass.
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  • I mean, come on, who doesn't lava good volcano joke?
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  • Ha ha ha ha ha.
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  • Dave: Patmos is actually comprised of three separate
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  • land masses connected by two thin strips of land.
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  • These are called isthmuses.
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  • An isthmus is a narrow strip of land with sea on either side,
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  • forming a link between two larger areas of land.
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  • Dave: During the Roman period,
  • 00:06:27.010 --> 00:06:28.170
  • Patmos was known as being part of the Sporades Islands,
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  • a group of remote islands used to exile or banish people who
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  • were thought to somehow be threats to the Roman Empire.
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  • Now, while some of these islands were only prison colonies,
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  • Patmos had a bit more going on, including this harbor you see
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  • behind me, a town, a gymnasium, and a temple to Artemis.
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  • Dave: The most famous exile to be banished here at Patmos
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  • was the Apostle John, a personal disciple of Jesus and the writer
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  • of one of the four Gospels.
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  • Now, late in the 1st century AD, John was living in Ephesus,
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  • preaching the gospel, teaching the Scriptures,
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  • and helping lead the church there.
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  • Historians maintain that he wrote his Gospel and his three
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  • Epistles from Ephesus and was very outspoken against
  • 00:07:18.130 --> 00:07:22.100
  • the Pagan worship happening there.
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  • Dave: This didn't sit well with the Roman Emperor Domitian.
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  • Roman historians such as Pliny described Domitian
  • 00:07:29.000 --> 00:07:32.270
  • as a violent madman who persecuted Christians.
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  • Domitian was also a frequent user of and believer
  • 00:07:36.120 --> 00:07:40.130
  • in prophetic omens, and he was one of the few emperors
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  • who insisted on calling himself a god during his reign.
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  • Dave: In about 86 AD, a temple to Domitian
  • 00:07:48.220 --> 00:07:51.150
  • was built in Ephesus.
  • 00:07:51.160 --> 00:07:54.020
  • At about the same time, the people of Ephesus
  • 00:07:54.030 --> 00:07:56.220
  • were forced to worship and make sacrifices to Domitian,
  • 00:07:56.230 --> 00:08:01.110
  • practices that would have certainly been denounced
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  • by the Apostle John.
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  • John's opposition to emperor worship,
  • 00:08:05.290 --> 00:08:08.230
  • along with his continued preaching of the gospel,
  • 00:08:08.240 --> 00:08:11.260
  • eventually reached the ear of Emperor Domitian,
  • 00:08:11.270 --> 00:08:15.110
  • prompting him to take action.
  • 00:08:15.120 --> 00:08:17.130
  • In the 14th year of the reign of Domitian,
  • 00:08:17.140 --> 00:08:20.020
  • that is 94 AD, the elderly John the Apostle was banished
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  • here to the island of Patmos.
  • 00:08:25.050 --> 00:08:27.200
  • 00:08:27.260 --> 00:08:37.250
  • 00:08:37.260 --> 00:08:47.250
  • 00:08:47.260 --> 00:08:57.250
  • 00:08:57.260 --> 00:09:06.070
  • Dave: The island of Patmos has an incredibly rich
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  • Christian history.
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  • It's filled with monasteries and churches.
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  • It's also the home of many Greeks, and because
  • 00:09:14.090 --> 00:09:16.160
  • of its natural beauty it attracts thousands of tourists.
  • 00:09:16.170 --> 00:09:19.290
  • Now, island life here is slow and laid back.
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  • There aren't that many cars or roads,
  • 00:09:24.230 --> 00:09:27.010
  • but one of the cars you might see if you visit Patmos
  • 00:09:27.020 --> 00:09:30.040
  • is this very unusual car here.
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  • It's called a Mini Moke.
  • 00:09:32.250 --> 00:09:34.250
  • 00:09:35.050 --> 00:09:41.220
  • Dave: The Mini Moke is simple, lightweight,
  • 00:09:41.230 --> 00:09:44.060
  • economical, and fun to drive.
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  • It became kind of a cult car on many islands around the world.
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  • This one here on Patmos is 60 years old and has been
  • 00:09:51.280 --> 00:09:55.130
  • cared for like the family heirloom that it has become.
  • 00:09:55.140 --> 00:09:59.090
  • 00:09:59.180 --> 00:10:09.170
  • 00:10:09.180 --> 00:10:19.170
  • 00:10:19.180 --> 00:10:24.150
  • Dave: During the time of John,
  • 00:10:24.160 --> 00:10:25.290
  • that is the late 1st century, the main city on
  • 00:10:26.000 --> 00:10:29.140
  • the island of Patmos was located in the center of the island.
  • 00:10:29.150 --> 00:10:33.230
  • It surrounded the large eastern harbor,
  • 00:10:33.240 --> 00:10:36.120
  • known today as Skala.
  • 00:10:36.130 --> 00:10:38.140
  • An ancient mule path, now this paved road,
  • 00:10:38.150 --> 00:10:42.140
  • connected the harbor to the city of Patmos,
  • 00:10:42.150 --> 00:10:46.230
  • also known as Chora.
  • 00:10:46.240 --> 00:10:49.090
  • Today, the island of Patmos is filled with whitewashed houses,
  • 00:10:50.030 --> 00:10:53.260
  • shops, chapels, and churches.
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  • It's everything you would expect out of a classic Greek island.
  • 00:10:56.110 --> 00:11:00.280
  • 00:11:01.010 --> 00:11:11.000
  • 00:11:11.010 --> 00:11:19.150
  • Dave: About halfway up this mountain in this unassuming
  • 00:11:19.160 --> 00:11:22.000
  • place is the Cave of the Apocalypse.
  • 00:11:22.010 --> 00:11:25.140
  • This structure covers a cave where, according to early
  • 00:11:25.150 --> 00:11:28.240
  • church tradition, is the place where John spent
  • 00:11:28.250 --> 00:11:31.240
  • much of his time here at Patmos in exile.
  • 00:11:31.250 --> 00:11:35.250
  • The cave is also where John received a series
  • 00:11:35.260 --> 00:11:38.120
  • of special visions which became the book of Revelation,
  • 00:11:38.130 --> 00:11:42.020
  • the final book in the New Testament.
  • 00:11:42.030 --> 00:11:45.030
  • Now, the mosaic that you can see above the entrance to the Cave
  • 00:11:45.280 --> 00:11:48.100
  • of the Apocalypse depicts St. John the theologian with his
  • 00:11:48.110 --> 00:11:52.030
  • disciple, Prochoros, who some say transcribed
  • 00:11:52.040 --> 00:11:56.100
  • John's visions into writing.
  • 00:11:56.110 --> 00:11:59.210
  • Now, the tradition that Prochoros was here helping
  • 00:11:59.220 --> 00:12:02.200
  • St. John can be traced back to a text from the 5th century that
  • 00:12:02.210 --> 00:12:07.140
  • say Prochoros, who was one of the seven deacons from the
  • 00:12:07.150 --> 00:12:11.030
  • original Jerusalem church, was also banished here with John,
  • 00:12:11.040 --> 00:12:15.040
  • though no other evidence for that claim exists.
  • 00:12:15.050 --> 00:12:18.100
  • 00:12:18.160 --> 00:12:27.290
  • Dave: Now, inside is the traditional cave where many
  • 00:12:28.000 --> 00:12:30.140
  • believe that John received the visions that comprised
  • 00:12:30.150 --> 00:12:33.290
  • the book of Revelation.
  • 00:12:34.000 --> 00:12:36.110
  • Now, the cave was reestablished in 1088 when a monk named
  • 00:12:36.120 --> 00:12:41.020
  • Christodoulos received special permission by the Byzantine
  • 00:12:41.030 --> 00:12:45.070
  • emperor to transform the pilgrimage site into a sacred
  • 00:12:45.080 --> 00:12:49.240
  • place for the Orthodox church.
  • 00:12:49.250 --> 00:12:53.120
  • Tradition maintains that these three fissures
  • 00:12:53.130 --> 00:12:56.180
  • in the rock represent the Holy Trinity of God.
  • 00:12:56.190 --> 00:13:00.260
  • 00:13:01.010 --> 00:13:07.050
  • Dave: The book of Revelation is considered the last book
  • 00:13:07.060 --> 00:13:09.190
  • in the New Testament.
  • 00:13:09.200 --> 00:13:11.050
  • It's filled with mysteries and metaphors,
  • 00:13:11.060 --> 00:13:14.170
  • many of which are related to future events.
  • 00:13:14.180 --> 00:13:17.240
  • Its imagery and the predictions are sometimes rather strange,
  • 00:13:17.250 --> 00:13:23.260
  • and scholars are often in disagreement as to
  • 00:13:23.270 --> 00:13:25.200
  • what they mean or when they'll take place.
  • 00:13:25.210 --> 00:13:28.170
  • Since all of that is a little above my pay grade,
  • 00:13:28.180 --> 00:13:31.200
  • I think I'll stick to the basics.
  • 00:13:31.210 --> 00:13:34.090
  • Dave: Book of Revelation is a series of colorful visions which
  • 00:13:34.100 --> 00:13:38.050
  • proclaim the last days before Jesus Christ returns
  • 00:13:38.060 --> 00:13:41.210
  • and ushers in a new heaven and new earth.
  • 00:13:41.220 --> 00:13:45.270
  • It is a final warning that the world will surely end
  • 00:13:45.280 --> 00:13:49.020
  • and there will be a final judgment.
  • 00:13:49.030 --> 00:13:52.070
  • It gives us a tiny glimpse of heaven and all the glories
  • 00:13:52.080 --> 00:13:55.100
  • awaiting Christians.
  • 00:13:55.110 --> 00:13:57.230
  • It also takes us through the great tribulation
  • 00:13:57.240 --> 00:14:00.190
  • with all its woes.
  • 00:14:00.200 --> 00:14:03.260
  • Dave: Much of the book of Revelation
  • 00:14:03.270 --> 00:14:05.280
  • is the culmination of biblical prophecies about end times,
  • 00:14:05.290 --> 00:14:09.280
  • beginning with the Hebrew Scriptures and continuing
  • 00:14:09.290 --> 00:14:12.090
  • through the Gospels.
  • 00:14:12.100 --> 00:14:14.130
  • It's what we call apocalyptic literature,
  • 00:14:14.140 --> 00:14:17.260
  • with the same kind of end of days language that we often see
  • 00:14:17.270 --> 00:14:21.190
  • in Old Testament books such as Daniel,
  • 00:14:21.200 --> 00:14:24.180
  • Ezekiel, Isaiah, and Zechariah.
  • 00:14:24.190 --> 00:14:28.290
  • Dave: Currently, the oldest known manuscript of Revelation
  • 00:14:29.220 --> 00:14:32.070
  • is called "P-98," a fragment found in Egypt
  • 00:14:32.080 --> 00:14:36.150
  • that dates to about 150 AD.
  • 00:14:36.160 --> 00:14:39.270
  • That places this copy of Revelation just over 50 years
  • 00:14:39.280 --> 00:14:43.240
  • after John's original composition on Patmos.
  • 00:14:43.250 --> 00:14:47.050
  • 00:14:47.110 --> 00:14:57.110
  • 00:14:57.160 --> 00:15:07.180
  • 00:15:08.010 --> 00:15:18.010
  • Dave: Here at the top of the island is
  • 00:15:20.160 --> 00:15:22.060
  • the incredible Monastery of St. John the Theologian.
  • 00:15:22.070 --> 00:15:26.260
  • The panoramic view from here is just awesome.
  • 00:15:26.270 --> 00:15:30.170
  • 00:15:30.210 --> 00:15:40.080
  • Dave: This massive monastery sits on the ancient acropolis,
  • 00:15:40.090 --> 00:15:43.230
  • or high place of Patmos.
  • 00:15:43.240 --> 00:15:46.040
  • It was originally built as the Grand Royal Basilica of John.
  • 00:15:46.050 --> 00:15:50.250
  • It was a church dedicated to John's writing and life.
  • 00:15:50.260 --> 00:15:55.260
  • It was built during the early Byzantine era in the
  • 00:15:55.270 --> 00:15:58.190
  • 4th century, but unfortunately Islamic attacks destroyed
  • 00:15:58.200 --> 00:16:02.030
  • this structure between the 7th and 9th centuries.
  • 00:16:02.040 --> 00:16:06.010
  • In 1088, this structure was built over the remains of that
  • 00:16:06.020 --> 00:16:10.290
  • church, and this fortress-like exterior which was built in just
  • 00:16:11.000 --> 00:16:15.060
  • three years, was considered a necessarily defense
  • 00:16:15.070 --> 00:16:18.200
  • against marauding pirates.
  • 00:16:18.210 --> 00:16:21.060
  • Dave: Inside, the monastery consists of interconnecting
  • 00:16:23.250 --> 00:16:27.010
  • hallways, stairways, chapels, and courtyards.
  • 00:16:27.020 --> 00:16:30.200
  • Beneath us and hidden in the walls are fragments
  • 00:16:30.210 --> 00:16:33.290
  • of the ancient temple to Artemis that originally sat
  • 00:16:34.000 --> 00:16:37.090
  • on this acropolis.
  • 00:16:37.100 --> 00:16:41.010
  • As you can see, the main chapel is really beautiful.
  • 00:16:41.020 --> 00:16:44.040
  • It connects with this secondary chapel,
  • 00:16:44.050 --> 00:16:46.170
  • which has a number of frescos dating to the 12th century.
  • 00:16:46.180 --> 00:16:51.040
  • Supposedly, somewhere up by the altar hidden under a rug is
  • 00:16:51.050 --> 00:16:55.230
  • a large silver goblet with a dome-shaped lid.
  • 00:16:55.240 --> 00:16:59.230
  • In it, the monastery claims to have the skull of St. Thomas,
  • 00:16:59.240 --> 00:17:04.230
  • the disciple of Jesus originally known for his doubting.
  • 00:17:04.240 --> 00:17:09.260
  • There are centuries-old stories of Greek ships coming
  • 00:17:09.270 --> 00:17:13.050
  • to Patmos to receive a blessing.
  • 00:17:13.060 --> 00:17:16.020
  • The ship captains would anchor in the harbor and shoot
  • 00:17:16.030 --> 00:17:18.190
  • their cannons to request that monks in the monastery bring
  • 00:17:18.200 --> 00:17:22.070
  • the skull of Thomas down the mountain.
  • 00:17:22.080 --> 00:17:25.100
  • The monks would walk the skull through the ships and say
  • 00:17:25.110 --> 00:17:28.070
  • a prayer for safety on the seas.
  • 00:17:28.080 --> 00:17:31.050
  • To this day, the Apostle Thomas is very celebrated on the island
  • 00:17:31.060 --> 00:17:35.070
  • of Patmos, especially on his feast day of October 6.
  • 00:17:35.080 --> 00:17:41.290
  • In addition to is relics, the monastery
  • 00:17:42.000 --> 00:17:43.290
  • also has an incredible library.
  • 00:17:44.000 --> 00:17:46.190
  • It currently houses a collection of approximately
  • 00:17:46.200 --> 00:17:48.240
  • 13.000 documents, 2.000 early printed books,
  • 00:17:48.250 --> 00:17:52.220
  • 890 manuscript codices, and 35 parchment rolls.
  • 00:17:52.230 --> 00:17:59.040
  • As part of the collection, there are 82 ancient New Testament
  • 00:17:59.050 --> 00:18:04.090
  • manuscripts, including parts of the 6th century Codex
  • 00:18:04.100 --> 00:18:08.160
  • Petropolitanus Purpureus.
  • 00:18:08.170 --> 00:18:11.100
  • Easy for me to say.
  • 00:18:11.110 --> 00:18:13.090
  • This ancient codex, known around here simply
  • 00:18:13.100 --> 00:18:15.190
  • as Codex N, contains the Gospels of Matthew, Mark,
  • 00:18:15.200 --> 00:18:19.060
  • Luke, and John.
  • 00:18:19.070 --> 00:18:21.170
  • Dave: In addition to his Gospel
  • 00:18:21.180 --> 00:18:23.110
  • and the book of Revelation, John wrote three Epistles,
  • 00:18:23.120 --> 00:18:27.140
  • known simply as 1 John, 2 John, and 3 John.
  • 00:18:27.150 --> 00:18:31.030
  • He wrote these letters while living in Ephesus,
  • 00:18:31.040 --> 00:18:34.050
  • before being banished here to Patmos.
  • 00:18:34.060 --> 00:18:37.070
  • Now, in the Gospels, John is referred
  • 00:18:37.080 --> 00:18:39.040
  • to as the disciple whom Jesus loved.
  • 00:18:39.050 --> 00:18:42.150
  • Clearly he had a special bond with Jesus.
  • 00:18:42.160 --> 00:18:46.070
  • John had an enormous impact on the earliest Christians,
  • 00:18:46.080 --> 00:18:50.120
  • as we see throughout the New Testament
  • 00:18:50.130 --> 00:18:53.050
  • and in this library which has been built in his honor.
  • 00:18:53.060 --> 00:18:57.210
  • Dave: False teachers were a problem in early Christianity.
  • 00:18:59.110 --> 00:19:02.180
  • Since there was no complete New Testament yet for Christians
  • 00:19:02.190 --> 00:19:06.060
  • to refer to, many churches fell prey to pretenders who taught
  • 00:19:06.070 --> 00:19:10.080
  • their own ideas and advanced themselves as leaders.
  • 00:19:10.090 --> 00:19:14.140
  • John wrote his first letter to set the record straight
  • 00:19:14.150 --> 00:19:17.160
  • on some important issues, particularly concerning
  • 00:19:17.170 --> 00:19:20.110
  • the identity of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
  • 00:19:20.120 --> 00:19:23.270
  • Dave: Because John's first letter was all about the basics
  • 00:19:25.180 --> 00:19:28.140
  • of faith in Jesus Christ, it allowed his readers to reflect
  • 00:19:28.150 --> 00:19:32.100
  • honestly about their own faith.
  • 00:19:32.110 --> 00:19:34.210
  • It helped them answer the question,
  • 00:19:34.220 --> 00:19:36.130
  • "Are we true followers of Jesus?"
  • 00:19:36.140 --> 00:19:39.090
  • John told them that you could tell by looking at your actions.
  • 00:19:39.100 --> 00:19:43.040
  • If they showed love toward one another then that was evidence
  • 00:19:43.050 --> 00:19:47.000
  • of God's presence in their lives,
  • 00:19:47.010 --> 00:19:49.010
  • but if they bickered and fought all the time or were selfish
  • 00:19:49.020 --> 00:19:52.040
  • and didn't look out for one another's needs,
  • 00:19:52.050 --> 00:19:54.280
  • well then they were lying to themselves
  • 00:19:54.290 --> 00:19:57.010
  • about their relationship with God.
  • 00:19:57.020 --> 00:19:59.280
  • That didn't mean they had to be perfect.
  • 00:19:59.290 --> 00:20:02.100
  • In fact, John told them that a follower of Jesus was supposed
  • 00:20:02.110 --> 00:20:06.050
  • to recognize their wrongs and to seek God for forgiveness.
  • 00:20:06.060 --> 00:20:10.110
  • Dave: He said, "If we confess our sins he is faithful and just
  • 00:20:12.160 --> 00:20:16.280
  • and will forgive us our sins and purify us
  • 00:20:16.290 --> 00:20:20.050
  • from all unrighteousness," 1 John 1:9.
  • 00:20:20.060 --> 00:20:24.010
  • Dave: John's second letter was an urgent plea to Christians
  • 00:20:25.160 --> 00:20:28.220
  • to show their love to God and his Son Jesus Christ by obeying
  • 00:20:28.230 --> 00:20:33.140
  • the commandment to love each other and to live their lives in
  • 00:20:33.150 --> 00:20:37.070
  • obedience to the Scriptures.
  • 00:20:37.080 --> 00:20:39.180
  • 2 John was also a strong warning against deceivers who were going
  • 00:20:39.190 --> 00:20:43.250
  • about saying that Jesus had not actually raised from the dead,
  • 00:20:43.260 --> 00:20:47.210
  • and that the resurrection was some sort of a spiritual
  • 00:20:47.220 --> 00:20:50.070
  • resurrection, and that seeing him was like seeing some sort
  • 00:20:50.080 --> 00:20:53.150
  • of a ghost.
  • 00:20:53.160 --> 00:20:55.020
  • John was very clear that those teachings were false
  • 00:20:55.030 --> 00:20:57.230
  • and that Christians should have nothing to do with them.
  • 00:20:57.240 --> 00:21:01.110
  • Dave: In his third letter, John addressed
  • 00:21:03.150 --> 00:21:05.070
  • three specific people.
  • 00:21:05.080 --> 00:21:07.040
  • First, he encouraged a coworker named Gaius.
  • 00:21:07.050 --> 00:21:10.060
  • Gaius was a church leader commended for his hospitality
  • 00:21:10.070 --> 00:21:13.230
  • to traveling teachers.
  • 00:21:13.240 --> 00:21:15.280
  • Second, John condemned the behavior of some guy named
  • 00:21:15.290 --> 00:21:18.260
  • Diotrephes, a nasty man who had taken over one of the churches,
  • 00:21:18.270 --> 00:21:23.160
  • probably in Asia Province.
  • 00:21:23.170 --> 00:21:25.270
  • His behavior was directly opposed to the truth
  • 00:21:25.280 --> 00:21:28.170
  • of the gospel and John was using him as a warning.
  • 00:21:28.180 --> 00:21:32.180
  • Third, John praised the actions of a guy named Demetrius.
  • 00:21:32.190 --> 00:21:36.140
  • Everyone seemed to give Demetrius a good report
  • 00:21:36.150 --> 00:21:39.130
  • about his role in the church, so John used him as an example
  • 00:21:39.140 --> 00:21:43.090
  • for other Christians to follow.
  • 00:21:43.100 --> 00:21:45.260
  • Dave: John's third letter is only 13 verses long,
  • 00:21:45.270 --> 00:21:48.210
  • but John used this final short letter to emphasize
  • 00:21:48.220 --> 00:21:52.130
  • the importance of protecting and preaching the truth
  • 00:21:52.140 --> 00:21:55.240
  • of the gospel.
  • 00:21:55.250 --> 00:21:57.240
  • He said, "I have no greater joy than to hear that my children
  • 00:21:57.250 --> 00:22:01.200
  • are walking in the truth," 3 John 4.
  • 00:22:01.210 --> 00:22:05.210
  • Dave: In 1999, the United Nations declared this Monastery
  • 00:22:08.280 --> 00:22:13.130
  • of St. John the Theologian, along with the Cave of the
  • 00:22:13.140 --> 00:22:17.030
  • Apocalypse down the hill, to be a join World Heritage Site.
  • 00:22:17.040 --> 00:22:21.280
  • It seems that even at the UN, the legacy of John
  • 00:22:21.290 --> 00:22:25.150
  • here at Patmos is a special part of world history.
  • 00:22:25.160 --> 00:22:29.210
  • 00:22:30.010 --> 00:22:37.080
  • Dave: So, that wraps up our journey through the life
  • 00:22:37.090 --> 00:22:39.100
  • and legacy of the Apostle John here on the incredible
  • 00:22:39.110 --> 00:22:42.260
  • island of Patmos.
  • 00:22:42.270 --> 00:22:45.120
  • It's time to drive down the mountain,
  • 00:22:45.130 --> 00:22:47.240
  • return the Mini Moke, and catch a boat
  • 00:22:47.250 --> 00:22:49.290
  • for my return trip to Turkey.
  • 00:22:50.000 --> 00:22:52.150
  • 00:22:52.210 --> 00:23:02.230
  • 00:23:03.060 --> 00:23:08.200
  • Dave: As we've learned in this episode,
  • 00:23:08.210 --> 00:23:10.150
  • the book of Revelation contains some mysterious language
  • 00:23:10.160 --> 00:23:14.030
  • about the future that's sometimes hard to decipher,
  • 00:23:14.040 --> 00:23:17.180
  • but it also contains seven letters to seven churches
  • 00:23:17.190 --> 00:23:21.090
  • that were active during the time of John.
  • 00:23:21.100 --> 00:23:24.100
  • To set up our next episode, here's what
  • 00:23:24.110 --> 00:23:26.250
  • the book of Revelation says.
  • 00:23:26.260 --> 00:23:29.010
  • Dave: "I, John, was on the island of Patmos
  • 00:23:30.120 --> 00:23:32.190
  • because of the Word of God and the testimony of Jesus.
  • 00:23:32.200 --> 00:23:35.240
  • On the Lord's Day I was in the Spirit,
  • 00:23:35.250 --> 00:23:38.110
  • and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,
  • 00:23:38.120 --> 00:23:42.090
  • which said: 'Write on a scroll what you see and send it
  • 00:23:42.100 --> 00:23:45.290
  • to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna,
  • 00:23:46.000 --> 00:23:49.170
  • Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.'
  • 00:23:49.180 --> 00:23:55.220
  • I turned around to see the voice that was speaking to me.
  • 00:23:55.230 --> 00:23:58.120
  • And when I turned I saw seven golden lampstands,
  • 00:23:58.130 --> 00:24:02.120
  • and among the lampstands was someone like a son of man,
  • 00:24:02.130 --> 00:24:06.070
  • dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with
  • 00:24:06.080 --> 00:24:10.070
  • a golden sash around his chest.
  • 00:24:10.080 --> 00:24:12.220
  • The hair on his head was as white as snow,
  • 00:24:12.230 --> 00:24:15.140
  • and his eyes were like a blazing fire.
  • 00:24:15.150 --> 00:24:18.060
  • His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace,
  • 00:24:18.070 --> 00:24:21.110
  • and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters,"
  • 00:24:21.120 --> 00:24:25.280
  • Revelation 1:9-15.
  • 00:24:25.290 --> 00:24:28.140
  • Dave: According to the first chapter of
  • 00:24:29.110 --> 00:24:30.220
  • the book of Revelation, John had a vision of Jesus Christ.
  • 00:24:30.230 --> 00:24:35.000
  • Jesus is standing surrounded by seven golden lampstands,
  • 00:24:35.010 --> 00:24:39.040
  • symbols of light throughout the Scriptures.
  • 00:24:39.050 --> 00:24:42.120
  • Later we find out that the seven golden lampstands
  • 00:24:42.130 --> 00:24:45.080
  • are representing the seven churches of Asia Minor.
  • 00:24:45.090 --> 00:24:49.100
  • Dave: In chapters 2 and 3 of Revelation,
  • 00:24:52.120 --> 00:24:54.250
  • John went on to deliver letters to these seven churches.
  • 00:24:54.260 --> 00:24:58.120
  • They are listed in a purposeful order,
  • 00:24:58.130 --> 00:25:01.050
  • a semicircle of sorts, starting in Ephesus
  • 00:25:01.060 --> 00:25:04.090
  • and ending in Laodicea.
  • 00:25:04.100 --> 00:25:06.250
  • Remarkably, these are all places that we can still visit today.
  • 00:25:06.260 --> 00:25:10.250
  • Dave: Many people think that the Apostle John died here
  • 00:25:12.060 --> 00:25:14.270
  • on the island of Patmos, but history tells us that he was
  • 00:25:14.280 --> 00:25:18.270
  • allowed to return to the city of Ephesus after Roman Emperor
  • 00:25:18.280 --> 00:25:23.000
  • Domitian was assassinated and replaced by Emperor Nerva
  • 00:25:23.010 --> 00:25:27.030
  • in 96 AD.
  • 00:25:27.040 --> 00:25:29.180
  • Nerva was known to release many of the exiles that had been
  • 00:25:29.190 --> 00:25:32.240
  • banished by Domitian.
  • 00:25:32.250 --> 00:25:34.260
  • Dave: John died in Ephesus sometime after 98 AD,
  • 00:25:34.270 --> 00:25:39.010
  • during the reign of Emperor Trajan.
  • 00:25:39.020 --> 00:25:41.210
  • There is some question regarding the circumstances
  • 00:25:41.220 --> 00:25:44.000
  • of John's death.
  • 00:25:44.010 --> 00:25:45.220
  • Some believe he was executed for his Christian faith,
  • 00:25:45.230 --> 00:25:48.160
  • while others believe he died of natural causes.
  • 00:25:48.170 --> 00:25:51.270
  • Regardless, church historians agree that John
  • 00:25:51.280 --> 00:25:54.200
  • was buried at Ephesus.
  • 00:25:54.210 --> 00:25:57.200
  • Dave: So, since John returned to Ephesus after spending time
  • 00:25:57.210 --> 00:26:00.210
  • here on Patmos, that's exactly what I'm going to do.
  • 00:26:00.220 --> 00:26:04.060
  • So, it's time to hit the road, or the water,
  • 00:26:04.070 --> 00:26:10.070
  • and head back to Turkey.
  • 00:26:10.080 --> 00:26:12.240
  • Hey, where's my Dramamine patch?
  • 00:26:12.250 --> 00:26:15.000
  • Dave: In our next episode, we'll exchange the boat
  • 00:26:15.010 --> 00:26:17.230
  • for the doughboy and take a whirlwind road trip
  • 00:26:17.240 --> 00:26:20.260
  • through the seven churches of Revelation.
  • 00:26:20.270 --> 00:26:23.170
  • 00:26:23.210 --> 00:26:33.210
  • 00:26:34.010 --> 00:26:44.000
  • 00:26:44.010 --> 00:26:54.000
  • 00:26:54.010 --> 00:27:04.030
  • 00:27:04.160 --> 00:27:11.160