John Marrant and John Wanamaker | TBN

John Marrant and John Wanamaker

Watch John Marrant and John Wanamaker
October 24, 2019
27:30

America's Hidden History

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John Marrant and John Wanamaker

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  • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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  • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton,
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  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is, "American's Hidden History."
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - We're in Charleston, South Carolina,
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  • standing outside of a church
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  • which was actually here back in the founding era
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  • of America, in fact, in this church, George Whitefield,
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  • who was the famous evangelist from
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  • the first Great Awakening, actually preached in this church
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  • and, the guy who's the hero for today's episode,
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  • was someone who was converted under the ministry
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  • of George Whitefield, his name is John Marrant.
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  • Now, John Marrant was converted to Christianity,
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  • he said, in Charleston, South Carolina,
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  • while George Whitefield was actually preaching
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  • in some meeting house in Charleston,
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  • doesn't specify which one,
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  • it very well could be this church,
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  • where John Marrant came to Christ.
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  • Interestingly, John Marrant was part of a family,
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  • in New York, they were a family of free blacks.
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  • He moved from New York, down to Florida, then to Georgia,
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  • then to South Carolina, living with his sister,
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  • and the family was really encouraging him, "You need to
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  • "find a trade, a profession that you can do,
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  • "for your lively hood, to make money."
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  • - I mean, he was 12 years old,
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  • and you're supposed to be in a trade by the time you're 12,
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  • certainly in early America, you're not a kid anymore,
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  • you're supposed to have,
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  • a job - Hey, 12 year olds,
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  • grow up and get a job, right, this is kind of important.
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  • So, he was thinking about what he wanted to do
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  • and one day he's walking through the town
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  • and he heard music, and he looks
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  • and sees people playing instruments,
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  • and saw them dancing and said, "That's what I wanna do,
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  • "forget this work, trade school stuff,
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  • "let me go play music and dance."
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  • And he says, in a matter of 12 months, he had mastered
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  • the violin and the French horn, in fact,
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  • he was getting requests to go play for dancers
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  • and people's homes, nice estates.
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  • - And he was getting paid really good to go play those gigs.
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  • - He said, he did not know what, what was,
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  • he had so much money.
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  • So, he was walking through Charleston, South Carolina,
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  • and he was going by, presumably, it was a church,
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  • he said, it was at this big meeting house,
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  • and he heard somebody inside hallooing at the crowd.
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  • - Actually he said, he heard a crazy man,
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  • hallooing at the crowd.
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  • And the crazy man that was hallooing at the crowd,
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  • was George Whitefield, it was a packed meeting house.
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  • He said, when he got in he started
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  • having to try to push people
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  • out his way, just to get in the door.
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  • And he said, at that point, Whitefield looked up
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  • and was giving the text for a his sermon.
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  • Marrant says, "He looked at me and he pointed at me,
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  • "and his text was, Prepare to meet thy God."
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  • and when he said that, Marrant said, "I was struck,
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  • "I fell to the floor."
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  • Marrant said, "I was speechless and senseless."
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  • And he just was out cold, on the floor.
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  • He said that, two men and a woman started coming over,
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  • administer him, they used smelling salts
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  • to try to get him back up,
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  • they tried to get him up, and he couldn't,
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  • he couldn't walk, he couldn't stand,
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  • he was just, he had no sensation of what was going on,
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  • he'd lost all strength.
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  • And so, in doing this, he's there,
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  • and the meeting keeps going,
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  • and he said, he was listening to the sermon,
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  • and has he heard the sermon,
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  • he said, "His words were like partials of swords,
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  • "hitting my soul."
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  • He said, "I was spiritually alert."
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  • He said, "I started looking around me, I saw the devil,
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  • "all around me."
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  • And so he was just terrified.
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  • And as he's laying there at the church,
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  • the meeting finishes,
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  • and they bring Whitefield to the back,
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  • and Whitefield looks at him and sees the condition
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  • and he says, "Jesus Christ has got thee at last."
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  • And so, Whitefield starts talking to him,
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  • "I'm gonna send my friend to talk to you about Jesus."
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  • This friend of Whitefield's,
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  • showed up and he said, "Let's pray."
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  • Well, he prayed a long time and he looked up and said,
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  • "Now how do you feel?"
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  • He says, "I feel like my soul has come alive,
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  • "I feel completely different."
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  • And so he said at that point, he picked up the Bible,
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  • started reading the Bible, he had a love of the scriptures,
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  • he didn't wanna do music anymore,
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  • he just wanted to love Jesus,
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  • he's had a genuine conversion experience,
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  • and his family doesn't quite know what to do with that.
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  • - Yeah, his conversion was so dramatic
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  • that when he goes back home to his family
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  • and tries to explain what's happened,
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  • they really aren't receptive,
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  • because they're not believers at this time.
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  • He says, the family began to really turn on him.
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  • He actually said, "Satan stirred up in them, against me."
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  • So, in this moment he's trying to discover, "What should I
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  • "do with my faith."
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  • And so he said, "I'm gonna go to the woods
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  • "and I'm gonna spend some time with God in the woods,
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  • "where I can get away from the persecution,
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  • "and just spend some time with God."
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - [David] He's out in the woods and as he's there,
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  • he's praying and he's asking Jesus for help.
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  • And he said a Cherokee Indian, walked out of the woods
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  • and said, "Who are you talking to?"
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  • "Well, I'm talking to Jesus."
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  • "There's no one here, who are you talking to?"
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  • "I'm talking to Jesus."
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  • "Jesus is not here."
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  • "Jesus is here."
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  • And so they have this conversation going back and forth.
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  • And so the Cherokee brave says, "John, why don't you
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  • "just come with me."
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  • And John says, "No, no, no, that's Cherokee,
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  • they won't accept me."
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  • He said, "I'll speak for you, I'll be able to talk
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  • "for you when you get there, it'll be all right,
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  • "come with me."
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  • And so, as he walks into the village,
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  • the judge sees him and says, "What are you doing here?"
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  • And the Indian brave started trying to speak for him,
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  • and the judge says, "You, quiet."
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  • and he ordered the brave to be taken away.
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  • And so, it's now just 13 year old John,
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  • standing in front of this chief,
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  • with 50 Indians around,
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  • and he says, "What are you doing here?"
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  • and John didn't have a good answer,
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  • and John actually spoke to him in Cherokee,
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  • and so the judge ordered him to be executed,
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  • ordered him to be killed,
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  • he said, "You don't have a good reason for being here."
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  • And so the 50 braves took
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  • and delivered him to the executioner,
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  • and they put him, what we kinda call it, jail.
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  • They put him in a building, a structure,
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  • where he was housed.
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  • What happened was, John started praying,
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  • he cried out to the Lord.
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  • And again he's saying, "Jesus Christ."
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  • and, "Lord you gotta help me."
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  • and he's praying and he's quoting scripture.
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  • And as he's doing that, a brave, that's on guard,
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  • went to the executioner and said, "He's talking to somebody
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  • "in there, there's somebody in there with him."
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  • and so the executioner burst in and says,
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  • "Where's the one with you?"
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  • He says, "No one here but Jesus."
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  • He says, "Where's Jesus, I don't see anyone?"
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  • And John says, "Well, he's here."
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  • And so what happened was, John started praying,
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  • and he prayed so fervently and he prayed there
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  • in front of the executioner,
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  • the executioner actually comes under conviction,
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  • he feels in his soul, something real is happening here,
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  • he gets converted.
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  • And so, the executioner looks at John and says,
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  • "I'm gonna make sure nothing happens to you, I'm gonna
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  • "take you to the chief in the morning."
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  • And so, the next morning, the executioner takes him
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  • to the chief, as he promised he would, to the king,
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  • and when they get there with the king,
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  • John still has his Bible with him,
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  • and the king has a 19 year old daughter,
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  • and the daughter looks and says, "What's that?"
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  • He says, "That's my Bible."
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  • And she says, "What does it say?"
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  • and she took it, she listened to it, she kissed it,
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  • and she was really impressed by it,
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  • and gave it back to him,
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  • and he said, "Do you want me to read for you?"
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  • they said, yes,
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  • and so he started reading out of the gospels.
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  • And every time he came to the name, Jesus,
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  • it was just really emotional for him,
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  • he's just in love with Jesus.
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  • And the chief tapped him and said, "Who's this Jesus,
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  • "that you keep getting emotional about?"
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  • and he told him about Jesus.
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  • And the king said, "No, execute him."
  • 00:07:51.020 --> 00:07:54.010
  • And so, here we go back to the execution.
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  • At that point, the young girl has something
  • 00:07:56.030 --> 00:07:58.190
  • going in her heart, and she grabbed the Bible again,
  • 00:07:58.190 --> 00:08:00.220
  • and she kissed the Bible, and John prayed for her,
  • 00:08:00.220 --> 00:08:03.100
  • and apparently she got converted right there.
  • 00:08:03.100 --> 00:08:05.260
  • And so, now the king is really angry, and he says,
  • 00:08:05.260 --> 00:08:08.240
  • "Kill him." He says, "If you don't let go of my daughter,
  • 00:08:08.240 --> 00:08:10.290
  • "If you don't reverse what you've done to her,
  • 00:08:10.290 --> 00:08:12.180
  • "I will chop you into pieces, right here in front of me."
  • 00:08:12.180 --> 00:08:15.170
  • John says, "Well, she's become a Christian."
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  • So, he ends up praying with the chief,
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  • and the chief becomes a Christian.
  • 00:08:20.000 --> 00:08:21.210
  • So, here, John walks in, he's converted his executioner,
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  • he's converted the judge,
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  • he's converted the chief's daughter, the king's daughter,
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  • and the king,
  • 00:08:29.130 --> 00:08:30.290
  • and the king says, "Other people need to hear this."
  • 00:08:30.290 --> 00:08:33.050
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:08:33.050 --> 00:08:35.270
  • - [Tim] For the next two months,
  • 00:08:41.290 --> 00:08:43.050
  • John actually works with this tribe,
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  • explaining the gospel message,
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  • reading the scripture to them,
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  • teaching them about Jesus.
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  • And at the end of two months,
  • 00:08:49.170 --> 00:08:51.020
  • the chief says, "You know, we've got some other tribes,
  • 00:08:51.020 --> 00:08:52.260
  • "who really need to hear this same message."
  • 00:08:52.260 --> 00:08:55.070
  • - Yeah, they're ally tribes but that doesn't mean
  • 00:08:55.070 --> 00:08:57.150
  • things are always peaceful with them.
  • 00:08:57.150 --> 00:08:59.070
  • And a lot of times, even with ally tribes,
  • 00:08:59.070 --> 00:09:01.040
  • they fight each other.
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  • So, what the chief does, is he puts a whole bunch of braves,
  • 00:09:02.200 --> 00:09:04.260
  • I think it's 50 something braves,
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  • he put around John and said, "Let's go to our neighbors,
  • 00:09:07.100 --> 00:09:10.010
  • "the Creek Indians."
  • 00:09:10.010 --> 00:09:11.090
  • And so, they go to the Creek Indians.
  • 00:09:11.090 --> 00:09:12.160
  • - This is still a dangerous scenario,
  • 00:09:12.160 --> 00:09:15.000
  • and so we wanna make sure that you safe as you go,
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  • so we give 'em armed guards,
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  • really just to keep him alive long enough,
  • 00:09:20.120 --> 00:09:22.080
  • so that the Creeks can now hear about Jesus.
  • 00:09:22.080 --> 00:09:24.220
  • - And so, the Creeks do hear about Jesus,
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  • and they respond very favorably,
  • 00:09:26.210 --> 00:09:28.110
  • and so, John stays with the Creeks for a couple months,
  • 00:09:28.110 --> 00:09:31.280
  • teaching them the same thing he taught the Cherokees,
  • 00:09:31.280 --> 00:09:34.210
  • and then they say, "Hey, we got some other allies."
  • 00:09:34.210 --> 00:09:37.070
  • And so, what happens next is that he goes to the
  • 00:09:37.070 --> 00:09:39.150
  • Catawar Indians, that whole entourage of braves
  • 00:09:39.150 --> 00:09:42.050
  • goes with him and they got to the Catawar,
  • 00:09:42.050 --> 00:09:43.200
  • which is another ally tribe,
  • 00:09:43.200 --> 00:09:45.110
  • they respond well to the gospel.
  • 00:09:45.110 --> 00:09:47.020
  • He spends several months with them,
  • 00:09:47.020 --> 00:09:48.210
  • and they say, "Hey, we've got out neighbors the Housaw,
  • 00:09:48.210 --> 00:09:51.160
  • "let's go there."
  • 00:09:51.160 --> 00:09:52.240
  • and so that entourage again, all these braves.
  • 00:09:52.240 --> 00:09:54.170
  • Imagine these braves having been with him now,
  • 00:09:54.170 --> 00:09:57.000
  • for nearly a year, going from village to village to village,
  • 00:09:57.000 --> 00:09:59.200
  • as he shares the gospel with all these other tribes,
  • 00:09:59.200 --> 00:10:02.020
  • that goes on for months and months and months,
  • 00:10:02.020 --> 00:10:04.200
  • tribe and tribe, ad now he is hundreds of miles,
  • 00:10:04.200 --> 00:10:07.170
  • away from Charleston,
  • 00:10:07.170 --> 00:10:09.020
  • he is a long way, away, but he feels like it's time
  • 00:10:09.020 --> 00:10:11.220
  • to go back home.
  • 00:10:11.220 --> 00:10:13.070
  • John said that, "In the two years, I lived and dressed
  • 00:10:13.070 --> 00:10:15.260
  • "and acted like an Indian."
  • 00:10:15.260 --> 00:10:17.110
  • Cut his hair like an Indian,
  • 00:10:17.110 --> 00:10:19.000
  • he didn't have pants on anymore,
  • 00:10:19.000 --> 00:10:20.210
  • he had a red sash around the middle,
  • 00:10:20.210 --> 00:10:22.190
  • he had tomahawk on the side,
  • 00:10:22.190 --> 00:10:24.020
  • he's all painted up,
  • 00:10:24.020 --> 00:10:25.150
  • he said, "I had a metal medallion that Cherokee wear."
  • 00:10:25.150 --> 00:10:27.140
  • You'll often see that in paintings.
  • 00:10:27.140 --> 00:10:28.260
  • He goes and knocks on his own family's door,
  • 00:10:28.260 --> 00:10:31.140
  • younger sister comes in and says, "That's John."
  • 00:10:31.140 --> 00:10:34.190
  • and they all say, "You're crazy, John died, John's dead."
  • 00:10:34.190 --> 00:10:38.070
  • And he finally says, "I really am John."
  • 00:10:38.070 --> 00:10:40.220
  • And, of course the reunion was huge and big.
  • 00:10:40.220 --> 00:10:42.210
  • And so, that's really where his narrative ends,
  • 00:10:42.210 --> 00:10:45.190
  • and then he jumps ahead to what happened,
  • 00:10:45.190 --> 00:10:47.230
  • in the latter part of his life.
  • 00:10:47.230 --> 00:10:49.160
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:10:49.160 --> 00:10:52.080
  • - [David] So John Marrant successfully evangelizes,
  • 00:11:02.110 --> 00:11:04.170
  • Native Americans and that's the end of that chapter
  • 00:11:04.170 --> 00:11:07.030
  • of the story but there's more to the story.
  • 00:11:07.030 --> 00:11:08.230
  • After the American Revolution begins,
  • 00:11:08.230 --> 00:11:10.090
  • he is impressed as a musician on the British ship.
  • 00:11:10.090 --> 00:11:12.240
  • After that point in time, he goes to England,
  • 00:11:12.240 --> 00:11:15.140
  • he meets someone called the Countess of Huntingdon,
  • 00:11:15.140 --> 00:11:18.120
  • and the Countess of Huntingdon was
  • 00:11:18.120 --> 00:11:20.080
  • an evangelical, Christian, lady with lots of wealth,
  • 00:11:20.080 --> 00:11:22.260
  • and she really kinda starts a denomination within
  • 00:11:22.260 --> 00:11:25.160
  • the Methodist, it's called the connection.
  • 00:11:25.160 --> 00:11:27.240
  • He becomes ordained as a minister
  • 00:11:27.240 --> 00:11:29.130
  • and Countess Huntingdon's, connection.
  • 00:11:29.130 --> 00:11:31.170
  • And as he's ministering there in England,
  • 00:11:31.170 --> 00:11:33.160
  • he gets a letter from his brother,
  • 00:11:33.160 --> 00:11:35.060
  • who says, "Hey, over in Nova Scotia there are 3000 blacks
  • 00:11:35.060 --> 00:11:39.100
  • "there, who fought with the British
  • 00:11:39.100 --> 00:11:40.290
  • "in the American Revolution,
  • 00:11:40.290 --> 00:11:42.150
  • "and now that the British have lost,
  • 00:11:42.150 --> 00:11:44.130
  • "they don't feel safe in America."
  • 00:11:44.130 --> 00:11:45.290
  • So, John Marrant went as a missionary to those 3000 blacks
  • 00:11:45.290 --> 00:11:49.210
  • in Nova Scotia, got a very vibrant church
  • 00:11:49.210 --> 00:11:52.040
  • and a very vibrant community going there.
  • 00:11:52.040 --> 00:11:54.160
  • And he went, for the rest of his life, was the ministry.
  • 00:11:54.160 --> 00:11:57.140
  • And he came back into America to minister,
  • 00:11:57.140 --> 00:11:59.150
  • as a matter of fact, interesting story,
  • 00:11:59.150 --> 00:12:01.180
  • on what of his voyages as he was going over,
  • 00:12:01.180 --> 00:12:03.200
  • he said, there was some people playing cards
  • 00:12:03.200 --> 00:12:05.280
  • and gambling and cursing,
  • 00:12:05.280 --> 00:12:08.180
  • and he confronted them and said, "What you're doing
  • 00:12:08.180 --> 00:12:10.210
  • "is not right, you should be doing."
  • 00:12:10.210 --> 00:12:12.000
  • and they just made fun of him.
  • 00:12:12.000 --> 00:12:13.120
  • He said, "And then a great, big, storm came up."
  • 00:12:13.120 --> 00:12:16.140
  • Massive storm, and the ship is going back and forth,
  • 00:12:16.140 --> 00:12:18.290
  • and they come to him and say, "Oh, preacher, preacher,
  • 00:12:18.290 --> 00:12:21.070
  • "will you pray, will you pray."
  • 00:12:21.070 --> 00:12:23.030
  • He said, "I prayed, and instantly the storm stopped,
  • 00:12:23.030 --> 00:12:26.010
  • "and they all got converted."
  • 00:12:26.010 --> 00:12:27.130
  • - Imagine that. - It's kinda like Jonah.
  • 00:12:27.130 --> 00:12:29.100
  • - Jesus stands up, peace be still, okay, I believe
  • 00:12:29.100 --> 00:12:32.000
  • what you're saying right now.
  • 00:12:32.000 --> 00:12:33.140
  • And really, you do see his ministry continue on,
  • 00:12:33.140 --> 00:12:36.040
  • with great effectiveness.
  • 00:12:36.040 --> 00:12:37.130
  • And John Marrant is one of those great examples,
  • 00:12:37.130 --> 00:12:39.230
  • as we look at American history,
  • 00:12:39.230 --> 00:12:41.060
  • there are so many hidden heroes we don't know much about.
  • 00:12:41.060 --> 00:12:44.030
  • But he's one of the great hidden heroes,
  • 00:12:44.030 --> 00:12:45.090
  • from America's hidden history.
  • 00:12:45.090 --> 00:12:47.230
  • (music)
  • 00:12:47.230 --> 00:12:49.230
  • - John Marrant, what an incredible story.
  • 00:12:53.050 --> 00:12:55.170
  • But whenever I hear these,
  • 00:12:55.170 --> 00:12:57.000
  • just almost unbelievable, stories,
  • 00:12:57.000 --> 00:12:58.290
  • I always ask, "How do we know that's true?"
  • 00:12:58.290 --> 00:13:01.190
  • Well, in this case, what we do,
  • 00:13:01.190 --> 00:13:03.160
  • we separate between primary and secondary sources.
  • 00:13:03.160 --> 00:13:06.280
  • Secondary sources are somebody else
  • 00:13:06.280 --> 00:13:08.200
  • that wasn't at the event, maybe didn't know the person
  • 00:13:08.200 --> 00:13:11.270
  • at the event, writing about some historical happening.
  • 00:13:11.270 --> 00:13:15.230
  • Primary sources, they are entirely different,
  • 00:13:15.230 --> 00:13:17.230
  • and that's what I have here.
  • 00:13:17.230 --> 00:13:19.030
  • John Marrant actually spent time
  • 00:13:19.030 --> 00:13:21.060
  • and narrated his adventures,
  • 00:13:21.060 --> 00:13:22.220
  • to somebody who wrote 'em down for him,
  • 00:13:22.220 --> 00:13:24.240
  • 'cause he actually didn't know how to write.
  • 00:13:24.240 --> 00:13:26.170
  • It's incredible because this was one of
  • 00:13:26.170 --> 00:13:28.110
  • the most popular books, kind of, at that time,
  • 00:13:28.110 --> 00:13:30.180
  • and went through dozens of editions, dozens of reprints,
  • 00:13:30.180 --> 00:13:33.070
  • because wherever it was, it sold out,
  • 00:13:33.070 --> 00:13:34.270
  • because it was such an amazing story.
  • 00:13:34.270 --> 00:13:36.240
  • And it's amazing to me to see somebody's passion
  • 00:13:36.240 --> 00:13:39.040
  • that was so impactful during his own time,
  • 00:13:39.040 --> 00:13:42.130
  • that changed the life of so many peoples,
  • 00:13:42.130 --> 00:13:44.120
  • resonate throughout the centuries to continue
  • 00:13:44.120 --> 00:13:46.140
  • to change lives today.
  • 00:13:46.140 --> 00:13:48.050
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:13:48.050 --> 00:13:50.280
  • - [Tim] We're in Philadelphia,
  • 00:14:22.260 --> 00:14:23.240
  • standing in front of City Hall,
  • 00:14:23.240 --> 00:14:25.090
  • actually in front of the statue of John Wanamaker.
  • 00:14:25.090 --> 00:14:27.110
  • Now, John Wanamaker is a very famous American,
  • 00:14:27.110 --> 00:14:30.170
  • although probably very few Americans, know the name today.
  • 00:14:30.170 --> 00:14:33.230
  • Actually he was so famous that when Philadelphia decided
  • 00:14:33.230 --> 00:14:36.190
  • they wanted to do the statue,
  • 00:14:36.190 --> 00:14:38.010
  • 400 000 people gave money,
  • 00:14:38.010 --> 00:14:41.050
  • contributing to build this statue.
  • 00:14:41.050 --> 00:14:43.000
  • - Did you get that?
  • 00:14:43.000 --> 00:14:44.070
  • That's a lot of folks who really like him.
  • 00:14:44.070 --> 00:14:45.220
  • - [Tim] Yeah, he was very successful as a businessman.
  • 00:14:45.220 --> 00:14:48.060
  • He was actually involved in politics on some levels,
  • 00:14:48.060 --> 00:14:50.290
  • and he was a Christian leader of the town,
  • 00:14:50.290 --> 00:14:52.210
  • in fact, I think he's the guy who actually helped
  • 00:14:52.210 --> 00:14:54.270
  • fund and found Mother's Day.
  • 00:14:54.270 --> 00:14:56.130
  • - Anna Jarvis is the lady, we know,
  • 00:14:56.130 --> 00:14:58.070
  • that really, kinda, founded Mother's Day,
  • 00:14:58.070 --> 00:15:00.060
  • but he's the guy who financed it.
  • 00:15:00.060 --> 00:15:02.070
  • So, he helped do Mother's Day
  • 00:15:02.070 --> 00:15:03.260
  • and there's actually a plaque that talks about
  • 00:15:03.260 --> 00:15:06.050
  • how he and Anna Jarvis are the one's
  • 00:15:06.050 --> 00:15:08.010
  • who gave us Mother's Day, that we celebrate now every year.
  • 00:15:08.010 --> 00:15:10.230
  • - And what really led to so much his business career,
  • 00:15:10.230 --> 00:15:13.070
  • what really his success is credited to,
  • 00:15:13.070 --> 00:15:16.010
  • is actually a story,
  • 00:15:16.010 --> 00:15:17.070
  • when he was just a young man, just a kid.
  • 00:15:17.070 --> 00:15:18.290
  • He decided he wanted to buy his mom some jewelry,
  • 00:15:18.290 --> 00:15:21.090
  • so he finds one and thinks, "I think this is the one."
  • 00:15:21.090 --> 00:15:23.250
  • Tells the jewelry store owner, "I wanna buy this one."
  • 00:15:23.250 --> 00:15:26.130
  • So, the jewelry store owner takes the jewelry,
  • 00:15:26.130 --> 00:15:28.130
  • starts wrapping it up.
  • 00:15:28.130 --> 00:15:29.200
  • But as the jewelry's being wrapped up,
  • 00:15:29.200 --> 00:15:31.230
  • John looks and finds something else, says, "Actually,
  • 00:15:31.230 --> 00:15:33.280
  • "sir, sir, I wanna get this one instead,
  • 00:15:33.280 --> 00:15:36.090
  • "I think she would like this one more."
  • 00:15:36.090 --> 00:15:37.270
  • the jewelry store owner was frustrated
  • 00:15:37.270 --> 00:15:40.060
  • and said, "No, you're gonna buy the first one you said,
  • 00:15:40.060 --> 00:15:42.170
  • "I've already wrapped it, you're taking this one home."
  • 00:15:42.170 --> 00:15:44.200
  • Well he said, "If I ever get a store,
  • 00:15:44.200 --> 00:15:46.270
  • "I'm never gonna make somebody
  • 00:15:46.270 --> 00:15:48.040
  • "buy something they don't want."
  • 00:15:48.040 --> 00:15:49.270
  • Well, he actually does end up getting a store,
  • 00:15:49.270 --> 00:15:52.140
  • it ends up becoming the largest department store
  • 00:15:52.140 --> 00:15:54.230
  • in the world, and his practices actually changed
  • 00:15:54.230 --> 00:15:58.130
  • the way all department stores, and really,
  • 00:15:58.130 --> 00:16:00.090
  • almost all business was done, going forward.
  • 00:16:00.090 --> 00:16:03.010
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:16:03.010 --> 00:16:05.240
  • - [David] We're standing in front of John Wanamaker's
  • 00:16:17.090 --> 00:16:19.070
  • department store, in downtown in Philadelphia,
  • 00:16:19.070 --> 00:16:21.270
  • and in 1861 he has his first store.
  • 00:16:21.270 --> 00:16:25.010
  • And when he created that store, opened the store,
  • 00:16:25.010 --> 00:16:26.280
  • it had a different business philosophy,
  • 00:16:26.280 --> 00:16:28.290
  • he actually believed in the golden rule,
  • 00:16:28.290 --> 00:16:30.240
  • that you should treat others the way you want to be treated.
  • 00:16:30.240 --> 00:16:33.110
  • And that was what guided his business philosophy.
  • 00:16:33.110 --> 00:16:36.040
  • And so from that 1861 store, he starts expanding,
  • 00:16:36.040 --> 00:16:39.030
  • he gradually grows,
  • 00:16:39.030 --> 00:16:40.190
  • and in 1876 he got, right behind us, what was called
  • 00:16:40.190 --> 00:16:45.010
  • the Grand Depot, it was a train station.
  • 00:16:45.010 --> 00:16:47.210
  • Now, it doesn't look like a train station now
  • 00:16:47.210 --> 00:16:49.210
  • because he remodeled all of it.
  • 00:16:49.210 --> 00:16:51.090
  • And with that service mentality he had,
  • 00:16:51.090 --> 00:16:53.190
  • he said, "Hey, let's have all sorts of specialties."
  • 00:16:53.190 --> 00:16:56.000
  • So, inside that building, behind us,
  • 00:16:56.000 --> 00:16:58.140
  • there were 127 different counters for different specialties.
  • 00:16:58.140 --> 00:17:02.210
  • You can go to this counter for whether you want cosmetics,
  • 00:17:02.210 --> 00:17:05.180
  • or clothes, or towels or whatever it was.
  • 00:17:05.180 --> 00:17:07.060
  • It was all specialties.
  • 00:17:07.060 --> 00:17:08.190
  • So, it was really Philadelphia's first department store.
  • 00:17:08.190 --> 00:17:11.100
  • And as that continued to grow,
  • 00:17:11.100 --> 00:17:13.120
  • he needed more space, so on top of the Grand Depot,
  • 00:17:13.120 --> 00:17:16.160
  • he built this 12 story building, that you see behind us.
  • 00:17:16.160 --> 00:17:19.040
  • Now, this was built in 1910, it's a massive building,
  • 00:17:19.040 --> 00:17:23.110
  • inside is what's called the Grand Court,
  • 00:17:23.110 --> 00:17:25.230
  • which its open from floor to ceiling,
  • 00:17:25.230 --> 00:17:27.290
  • 150 feet in there, and it was such a big department store,
  • 00:17:27.290 --> 00:17:31.140
  • that the President of the United States,
  • 00:17:31.140 --> 00:17:33.170
  • William Howard Taft, came here to dedicate
  • 00:17:33.170 --> 00:17:36.110
  • this department store.
  • 00:17:36.110 --> 00:17:37.170
  • And the plaque on the outside said that,
  • 00:17:37.170 --> 00:17:39.080
  • this store is the result of the blessing of God,
  • 00:17:39.080 --> 00:17:41.230
  • and the free market.
  • 00:17:41.230 --> 00:17:43.090
  • But it wasn't just that he had a big store,
  • 00:17:43.090 --> 00:17:45.020
  • that made it different.
  • 00:17:45.020 --> 00:17:46.170
  • - [Tim] Yeah, one of the unique things about it is,
  • 00:17:46.170 --> 00:17:48.010
  • he thought, let's do some things that have not
  • 00:17:48.010 --> 00:17:50.100
  • really been widely accepted in the market,
  • 00:17:50.100 --> 00:17:51.270
  • such as price tags, where you didn't have to haggle over,
  • 00:17:51.270 --> 00:17:55.020
  • what the price was gonna be.
  • 00:17:55.020 --> 00:17:56.160
  • He said, "We wanna make sure we take care of our employees."
  • 00:17:56.160 --> 00:17:58.170
  • And they start doing practices
  • 00:17:58.170 --> 00:17:59.280
  • that other places weren't doing,
  • 00:17:59.280 --> 00:18:02.040
  • although when he starts doing this,
  • 00:18:02.040 --> 00:18:03.230
  • other businesses go, "We out oughta do this too."
  • 00:18:03.230 --> 00:18:06.250
  • Because there was such success in what he was doing,
  • 00:18:06.250 --> 00:18:09.220
  • and really kind of across the board, he was changing
  • 00:18:09.220 --> 00:18:12.210
  • the way the business world works.
  • 00:18:12.210 --> 00:18:14.050
  • - Yeah, and behind us, in the store that he had,
  • 00:18:14.050 --> 00:18:16.110
  • that's the first store to have elevators,
  • 00:18:16.110 --> 00:18:18.080
  • it's the first store to have electric lights,
  • 00:18:18.080 --> 00:18:20.210
  • it's the first store to have electric heat
  • 00:18:20.210 --> 00:18:23.020
  • and as people came in, he would survey them
  • 00:18:23.020 --> 00:18:25.180
  • and said, "What do you like about it, what do you not like?"
  • 00:18:25.180 --> 00:18:28.080
  • He was very service oriented,
  • 00:18:28.080 --> 00:18:30.000
  • and for his employees,
  • 00:18:30.000 --> 00:18:31.150
  • he gave them healthcare, he gave them locker rooms,
  • 00:18:31.150 --> 00:18:33.170
  • he created an in-store dining area,
  • 00:18:33.170 --> 00:18:36.070
  • kind of like, what we would call a mall now.
  • 00:18:36.070 --> 00:18:38.150
  • I mean, all of this stuff he's doing in the 1870s
  • 00:18:38.150 --> 00:18:40.280
  • and the 1880s.
  • 00:18:40.280 --> 00:18:42.180
  • So, people really did respond to it,
  • 00:18:42.180 --> 00:18:44.180
  • and the mentality was, if you don't like what you have,
  • 00:18:44.180 --> 00:18:48.050
  • you can bring it back.
  • 00:18:48.050 --> 00:18:49.030
  • He had a money-back guarantee,
  • 00:18:49.030 --> 00:18:50.260
  • and that sure wasn't going on back then.
  • 00:18:50.260 --> 00:18:53.050
  • So, his philosophy of business completely transformed
  • 00:18:53.050 --> 00:18:56.060
  • what was happening then,
  • 00:18:56.060 --> 00:18:58.040
  • and what we see with business today,
  • 00:18:58.040 --> 00:19:00.150
  • really is, the result of what John Wanamaker did back then.
  • 00:19:00.150 --> 00:19:03.260
  • And, by the way, he would put out daily ads
  • 00:19:03.260 --> 00:19:06.230
  • on what the sales are, what the prices are,
  • 00:19:06.230 --> 00:19:08.250
  • the first White Sale came out of this store, right here.
  • 00:19:08.250 --> 00:19:11.140
  • So, all the innovations that John Wanamaker did,
  • 00:19:11.140 --> 00:19:14.020
  • in this store behind us,
  • 00:19:14.020 --> 00:19:15.170
  • that became the norm for how we do business today.
  • 00:19:15.170 --> 00:19:18.130
  • We have a customer oriented, service model.
  • 00:19:18.130 --> 00:19:20.210
  • That's what all stores wanna do, is please the customer.
  • 00:19:20.210 --> 00:19:23.160
  • All of that, that we enjoy today, got started right here,
  • 00:19:23.160 --> 00:19:26.060
  • by John Wanamaker.
  • 00:19:26.060 --> 00:19:27.190
  • But he was not only a great business leader,
  • 00:19:27.190 --> 00:19:29.280
  • he was a great Christian leader,
  • 00:19:29.280 --> 00:19:32.000
  • and the Christian activities he did in the city,
  • 00:19:32.000 --> 00:19:34.010
  • he was just as noted for those
  • 00:19:34.010 --> 00:19:36.010
  • as he is for his business practices.
  • 00:19:36.010 --> 00:19:38.050
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:19:38.050 --> 00:19:40.270
  • - [Tim] We're just outside of Philadelphia,
  • 00:19:51.180 --> 00:19:53.000
  • in Bethany Presbyterian Church, which actually,
  • 00:19:53.000 --> 00:19:55.080
  • Bethany Presbyterian Church was founded by John Wanamaker,
  • 00:19:55.080 --> 00:19:58.160
  • and it's kind of unusual today
  • 00:19:58.160 --> 00:19:59.290
  • to think about one person founding a church,
  • 00:19:59.290 --> 00:20:01.290
  • but he's really the guy
  • 00:20:01.290 --> 00:20:03.080
  • that founded Bethany Presbyterian Church.
  • 00:20:03.080 --> 00:20:05.050
  • Actually the original church was in Philadelphia,
  • 00:20:05.050 --> 00:20:06.270
  • it burnt down, this is the second location,
  • 00:20:06.270 --> 00:20:09.020
  • but, in this location they actually have
  • 00:20:09.020 --> 00:20:11.120
  • a lot of original things from John Wanamaker
  • 00:20:11.120 --> 00:20:13.180
  • from that first church that he founded, in fact,
  • 00:20:13.180 --> 00:20:15.190
  • his original pew is here in this church.
  • 00:20:15.190 --> 00:20:18.000
  • And it's kinda unique to think of this man,
  • 00:20:18.000 --> 00:20:20.120
  • not only was he an amazing business guy,
  • 00:20:20.120 --> 00:20:22.150
  • he's involved politically,
  • 00:20:22.150 --> 00:20:24.020
  • he also is a Christian, founding a church.
  • 00:20:24.020 --> 00:20:26.230
  • - Yeah, and he was involved in Christian activities
  • 00:20:26.230 --> 00:20:29.150
  • in so many ways.
  • 00:20:29.150 --> 00:20:30.290
  • Before he founded this church, he really, kinda got,
  • 00:20:30.290 --> 00:20:33.100
  • his Christian ministry start in the city, in the YMCA.
  • 00:20:33.100 --> 00:20:36.140
  • This is how well he did,
  • 00:20:36.140 --> 00:20:37.280
  • and the first year as administrator, he took it
  • 00:20:37.280 --> 00:20:39.240
  • from a membership of 57 to 2000.
  • 00:20:39.240 --> 00:20:42.290
  • So, massive growth in one year.
  • 00:20:42.290 --> 00:20:45.100
  • And, in addition to that,
  • 00:20:45.100 --> 00:20:46.170
  • he gave out hundreds of New Testaments,
  • 00:20:46.170 --> 00:20:48.070
  • and he recruited dozens of Sunday school teachers.
  • 00:20:48.070 --> 00:20:51.170
  • And, actually, it was the very next year
  • 00:20:51.170 --> 00:20:53.040
  • that he founded his own Sunday school.
  • 00:20:53.040 --> 00:20:54.220
  • - [Tim] Because of the industrial revolution,
  • 00:20:54.220 --> 00:20:56.160
  • people were working Monday through Saturday,
  • 00:20:56.160 --> 00:20:58.250
  • and a lot of times, families weren't able
  • 00:20:58.250 --> 00:21:00.150
  • to have their kids in school, and actually,
  • 00:21:00.150 --> 00:21:02.080
  • adults themselves were not able to go to school.
  • 00:21:02.080 --> 00:21:04.070
  • And people recognized that, we don't want our inhabitants,
  • 00:21:04.070 --> 00:21:07.020
  • our citizens of this nation,
  • 00:21:07.020 --> 00:21:08.150
  • not knowing how to read and write,
  • 00:21:08.150 --> 00:21:10.100
  • so they started a school on Sunday,
  • 00:21:10.100 --> 00:21:12.140
  • that's what was Sunday school,
  • 00:21:12.140 --> 00:21:13.270
  • so it's a little different than we think today.
  • 00:21:13.270 --> 00:21:15.120
  • - Yeah, they really wanted you to have an education
  • 00:21:15.120 --> 00:21:17.090
  • but they also wanted you to have morals, and religion,
  • 00:21:17.090 --> 00:21:19.150
  • and Bible as well.
  • 00:21:19.150 --> 00:21:20.210
  • And, so on 1858, he starts a Sunday school.
  • 00:21:20.210 --> 00:21:23.190
  • And that first year, he had two teachers,
  • 00:21:23.190 --> 00:21:25.070
  • and he had 34 students.
  • 00:21:25.070 --> 00:21:26.200
  • Well, the next year, it had grown to 17 teachers
  • 00:21:26.200 --> 00:21:29.180
  • and 234 students, and by 1865 he had 900 in Sunday school,
  • 00:21:29.180 --> 00:21:34.180
  • and that point is when he founded,
  • 00:21:35.230 --> 00:21:37.000
  • Bethany Presbyterian Church.
  • 00:21:37.000 --> 00:21:39.040
  • Now, it's interesting, the church was founded,
  • 00:21:39.040 --> 00:21:42.000
  • out of Sunday school,
  • 00:21:42.000 --> 00:21:43.070
  • we kinda think the other way today,
  • 00:21:43.070 --> 00:21:44.220
  • that you have a church and then you have Sunday school,
  • 00:21:44.220 --> 00:21:46.080
  • but it was the other way around.
  • 00:21:46.080 --> 00:21:47.200
  • Bethany Presbyterian Church became
  • 00:21:47.200 --> 00:21:49.150
  • the largest church in the city,
  • 00:21:49.150 --> 00:21:51.230
  • it had 2300 folks and the Sunday school had 3000 folks.
  • 00:21:51.230 --> 00:21:56.110
  • So, the Sunday school is bigger than the church.
  • 00:21:56.110 --> 00:21:58.280
  • They helped clothe people, they helped feed people,
  • 00:21:58.280 --> 00:22:02.010
  • they took care of the homeless, needs, anywhere they saw,
  • 00:22:02.010 --> 00:22:04.290
  • they were active in the community in meeting those needs.
  • 00:22:04.290 --> 00:22:07.240
  • So, he had a great impact on the city and on the nation.
  • 00:22:07.240 --> 00:22:11.200
  • His business practices swept the nation,
  • 00:22:11.200 --> 00:22:13.280
  • we still use his business practices today.
  • 00:22:13.280 --> 00:22:16.020
  • But what he did as a spiritual leader,
  • 00:22:16.020 --> 00:22:18.130
  • was very, very significant.
  • 00:22:18.130 --> 00:22:20.070
  • It's a guy we should know but unfortunately we don't,
  • 00:22:20.070 --> 00:22:22.120
  • but this is why we like spending time
  • 00:22:22.120 --> 00:22:24.120
  • on these hidden heroes of American history.
  • 00:22:24.120 --> 00:22:27.140
  • (music)
  • 00:22:27.140 --> 00:22:29.140
  • - [Jonathan] While the Bartons are up in Philadelphia,
  • 00:22:32.030 --> 00:22:33.130
  • I'm down here in the WallBuilders collection
  • 00:22:33.130 --> 00:22:35.040
  • and I was able to find,
  • 00:22:35.040 --> 00:22:36.180
  • some really interesting facts about John Wanamaker,
  • 00:22:36.180 --> 00:22:39.110
  • and specifically, about the American Sunday School Union.
  • 00:22:39.110 --> 00:22:43.090
  • And so, we've got their mission statement,
  • 00:22:43.090 --> 00:22:45.020
  • and as they said, that they were made,
  • 00:22:45.020 --> 00:22:47.120
  • "To provide and circulate moral and religious literature,
  • 00:22:47.120 --> 00:22:50.070
  • "especially adapted to the spiritual culture of the young,
  • 00:22:50.070 --> 00:22:53.040
  • "in every part of the land."
  • 00:22:53.040 --> 00:22:54.120
  • I've got a collection of a number of these books
  • 00:22:54.120 --> 00:22:56.160
  • that they gave out.
  • 00:22:56.160 --> 00:22:57.200
  • So, we've got, conversion story here,
  • 00:22:57.200 --> 00:23:00.150
  • we've got a story about a shepard,
  • 00:23:00.150 --> 00:23:03.050
  • we've got one about going to church.
  • 00:23:03.050 --> 00:23:05.130
  • And so, these little books cover
  • 00:23:05.130 --> 00:23:06.290
  • every single topic under the sun.
  • 00:23:06.290 --> 00:23:08.220
  • So, John Wanamaker was an important person
  • 00:23:08.220 --> 00:23:10.220
  • that really helped develop
  • 00:23:10.220 --> 00:23:12.200
  • and educate generations of Americans.
  • 00:23:12.200 --> 00:23:15.280
  • (soft guitar music)
  • 00:23:15.280 --> 00:23:18.280
  • - [Tim] Looking back at the stories of John Wanamaker,
  • 00:23:23.210 --> 00:23:25.210
  • John Marrant, I actually remember, back in college,
  • 00:23:25.210 --> 00:23:27.230
  • as a Business major, studying and learning about business,
  • 00:23:27.230 --> 00:23:30.220
  • and learning about things you should do
  • 00:23:30.220 --> 00:23:32.070
  • and things you shouldn't do. - And Wanamaker was a big part
  • 00:23:32.070 --> 00:23:33.140
  • of what you learned right.
  • 00:23:33.140 --> 00:23:34.170
  • - No we didn't really learn
  • 00:23:34.170 --> 00:23:35.260
  • about Wanamaker. - You didn't learn Wanamaker.
  • 00:23:35.260 --> 00:23:37.090
  • - But what's interesting, kind of a take-away,
  • 00:23:37.090 --> 00:23:38.160
  • is you do learn certain principles
  • 00:23:38.160 --> 00:23:40.000
  • but where did they come up with
  • 00:23:40.000 --> 00:23:41.010
  • this idea of customer service.
  • 00:23:41.010 --> 00:23:42.090
  • You have to go back to a guy like John Wanamaker,
  • 00:23:42.090 --> 00:23:44.110
  • who shifts the entire industry of business,
  • 00:23:44.110 --> 00:23:46.290
  • saying, "Hey, let's do things to please the customer,
  • 00:23:46.290 --> 00:23:50.020
  • "and we don't have to haggle
  • 00:23:50.020 --> 00:23:51.060
  • "with every individual about price."
  • 00:23:51.060 --> 00:23:52.200
  • And the way he really, kinda, spearheaded this new idea
  • 00:23:52.200 --> 00:23:57.090
  • of business, is so interesting to me,
  • 00:23:57.090 --> 00:23:59.060
  • because, as you were joking, somebody who studied Business,
  • 00:23:59.060 --> 00:24:02.100
  • and I still, I love to read books about business
  • 00:24:02.100 --> 00:24:05.070
  • and that industry and what they're doing,
  • 00:24:05.070 --> 00:24:07.030
  • almost nobody talks about John Wanamaker.
  • 00:24:07.030 --> 00:24:09.130
  • - You know, his motivation was the golden rule,
  • 00:24:09.130 --> 00:24:11.250
  • "I want to treat others the way I want to be treated."
  • 00:24:11.250 --> 00:24:15.060
  • and if I were buying in a store, here's what I would want.
  • 00:24:15.060 --> 00:24:17.200
  • If I were to employ in a store, here's what I would want.
  • 00:24:17.200 --> 00:24:19.240
  • And so he says, "Oh, my employees need insurance and
  • 00:24:19.240 --> 00:24:22.140
  • "they need recreation and they need a cafe."
  • 00:24:22.140 --> 00:24:24.260
  • I mean just that golden rule type of thing,
  • 00:24:24.260 --> 00:24:28.070
  • and that's really not something, we emphasize.
  • 00:24:28.070 --> 00:24:31.070
  • It used to be that every school, all school books,
  • 00:24:31.070 --> 00:24:33.140
  • I mean that was the emphasis, you taught the golden rule
  • 00:24:33.140 --> 00:24:35.140
  • and the good Samaritan.
  • 00:24:35.140 --> 00:24:36.280
  • And now if you ask someone what is the golden rule today,
  • 00:24:36.280 --> 00:24:38.210
  • it's gonna take, mostly, white hair to know what that is.
  • 00:24:38.210 --> 00:24:41.130
  • And that doesn't even mean they live by it.
  • 00:24:41.130 --> 00:24:43.060
  • But Wanamaker, actually lived by the golden rule,
  • 00:24:43.060 --> 00:24:45.160
  • and just that simple principle transformed an industry.
  • 00:24:45.160 --> 00:24:48.250
  • And then I look at Marrant,
  • 00:24:48.250 --> 00:24:50.260
  • and Marrant, I don't know if you say innovation
  • 00:24:50.260 --> 00:24:54.190
  • or adaptability, but whatever.
  • 00:24:54.190 --> 00:24:56.050
  • But I love the fact that when he was with Native Americans,
  • 00:24:56.050 --> 00:24:59.150
  • he became a Native American,
  • 00:24:59.150 --> 00:25:01.070
  • so that when he went home his own mamma
  • 00:25:01.070 --> 00:25:03.270
  • didn't recognize him, his own sister,
  • 00:25:03.270 --> 00:25:05.170
  • 'cause he looked like a Cherokee.
  • 00:25:05.170 --> 00:25:07.140
  • And you go, "Wow, what an innovative guy."
  • 00:25:07.140 --> 00:25:09.140
  • - Well, he reminds me of the apostle Paul,
  • 00:25:09.140 --> 00:25:11.030
  • where he sais to the Jew, go as a Jew,
  • 00:25:11.030 --> 00:25:13.000
  • to the Greek, as a Greek,
  • 00:25:13.000 --> 00:25:14.090
  • and you become what you need to become
  • 00:25:14.090 --> 00:25:16.110
  • to reach the people you need to reach.
  • 00:25:16.110 --> 00:25:17.240
  • - Yeah, instead of making them become like me,
  • 00:25:17.240 --> 00:25:19.250
  • I'm going to become like them, in the good sense.
  • 00:25:19.250 --> 00:25:22.010
  • - Yeah, you learn to speak their language,
  • 00:25:22.010 --> 00:25:23.260
  • so you can communicate on their level,
  • 00:25:23.260 --> 00:25:25.030
  • and he is absolutely the guy that did that.
  • 00:25:25.030 --> 00:25:27.110
  • And, you know, as we study American history,
  • 00:25:27.110 --> 00:25:29.140
  • sometimes we do learn about American missionaries
  • 00:25:29.140 --> 00:25:31.200
  • and what they did, and the great work they did in America.
  • 00:25:31.200 --> 00:25:34.010
  • But almost never, do you read a book where it talks about
  • 00:25:34.010 --> 00:25:37.190
  • a Black American, going to Native Americans,
  • 00:25:37.190 --> 00:25:40.010
  • we don't hear the stories of John Marrant.
  • 00:25:40.010 --> 00:25:42.070
  • I think it's one of the disservices that a lot of
  • 00:25:42.070 --> 00:25:44.200
  • our modern history books do, is even though,
  • 00:25:44.200 --> 00:25:46.240
  • even though there might be a book
  • 00:25:46.240 --> 00:25:47.290
  • that covers American missionaries,
  • 00:25:47.290 --> 00:25:49.230
  • We don't always tell the whole story
  • 00:25:49.230 --> 00:25:51.150
  • and when you look at telling the whole story,
  • 00:25:51.150 --> 00:25:54.020
  • the reason we have business, often times the way
  • 00:25:54.020 --> 00:25:56.290
  • we have it in America, goes back to
  • 00:25:56.290 --> 00:25:58.170
  • the influence of John Wanamaker.
  • 00:25:58.170 --> 00:25:59.290
  • The reason we were able to do as much as we did,
  • 00:25:59.290 --> 00:26:02.140
  • even sharing the gospel in America,
  • 00:26:02.140 --> 00:26:04.190
  • it wasn't just the white missionaries,
  • 00:26:04.190 --> 00:26:06.070
  • you have people like John Marrant, it was Christians,
  • 00:26:06.070 --> 00:26:08.230
  • who just wanna share the gospel message
  • 00:26:08.230 --> 00:26:10.100
  • and Christianity is not confined to just White Anglos,
  • 00:26:10.100 --> 00:26:13.120
  • but this is the cool thing about looking at these,
  • 00:26:13.120 --> 00:26:16.020
  • kinda, hidden heroes, is seeing how these were guys
  • 00:26:16.020 --> 00:26:19.010
  • in their various industries, who set the tone
  • 00:26:19.010 --> 00:26:21.200
  • for what we still do in America today.
  • 00:26:21.200 --> 00:26:23.170
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:26:24.200 --> 00:26:27.130
  • - [Narrator] We hope you're enjoying TBN's
  • 00:26:30.080 --> 00:26:32.060
  • exclusive series, "America's Hidden History."
  • 00:26:32.060 --> 00:26:34.110
  • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans,
  • 00:26:34.110 --> 00:26:37.210
  • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
  • 00:26:37.210 --> 00:26:41.040
  • Right now, we want to send you the entire first season
  • 00:26:41.040 --> 00:26:43.190
  • of "America's Hidden History" as our way of saying,
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  • such a a foundational role in the formation
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  • of the United Sates,
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