America's Hidden History | Phyllis Wheatley and Francis Scott Key | TBN

America's Hidden History | Phyllis Wheatley and Francis Scott Key

Watch America's Hidden History | Phyllis Wheatley and Francis Scott Key
September 19, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Phyllis Wheatley and Francis Scott Key

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  • (dramatic music)
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    • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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    • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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    • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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    • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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    • So what are we missing?
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    • So what are we missing?
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    • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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    • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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    • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton, and special guests
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    • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton, and special guests
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    • as they uncover the facts some historians
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    • as they uncover the facts some historians
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    • don't want you to know.
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    • don't want you to know.
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    • This is America's Hidden History.
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    • This is America's Hidden History.
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • (electronic beeping)
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    • (electronic beeping)
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    • (seagulls calling) (waves lapping)
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    • (seagulls calling) (waves lapping)
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    • We're along the coast of Massachusetts
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    • We're along the coast of Massachusetts
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    • just south of Boston.
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    • just south of Boston.
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    • And this is where the story kind of unfolds for us.
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    • And this is where the story kind of unfolds for us.
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    • The individual we're looking at now is Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • The individual we're looking at now is Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • Phyllis Wheatley was actually brought to America as a slave.
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    • Phyllis Wheatley was actually brought to America as a slave.
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    • In fact, these very waters beside us
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    • In fact, these very waters beside us
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    • are where slave ships would have come in early America.
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    • are where slave ships would have come in early America.
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    • Phyllis Wheatley is from Senegal, Africa.
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    • Phyllis Wheatley is from Senegal, Africa.
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    • When she was only a child she was captured
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    • When she was only a child she was captured
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    • by a neighboring tribe, the chief takes her,
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    • by a neighboring tribe, the chief takes her,
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    • and the chief sells her into slavery.
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    • and the chief sells her into slavery.
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    • Well, the slave ship comes from Africa to America
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    • Well, the slave ship comes from Africa to America
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    • at that point.
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    • at that point.
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    • And you can imagine, if she's six, she's seven, she's eight,
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    • And you can imagine, if she's six, she's seven, she's eight,
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    • whatever it is, she's separated from her family.
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    • whatever it is, she's separated from her family.
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    • She's taken, she's put on a slave ship,
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    • She's taken, she's put on a slave ship,
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    • she makes what's arguably a several-month journey
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    • she makes what's arguably a several-month journey
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    • from Africa getting over to the New World.
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    • from Africa getting over to the New World.
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    • And when she arrives in the New World,
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    • And when she arrives in the New World,
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    • as terrifying as it is,
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    • as terrifying as it is,
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    • she's put on slave blocks to be sold.
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    • she's put on slave blocks to be sold.
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    • And you can imagine being a young child on a slave block.
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    • And you can imagine being a young child on a slave block.
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    • You're in a nation you've never even heard about before,
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    • You're in a nation you've never even heard about before,
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    • they're speaking a language you don't understand,
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    • they're speaking a language you don't understand,
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    • you don't have a clue what's going on,
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    • you don't have a clue what's going on,
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    • and you're being sold somehow.
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    • and you're being sold somehow.
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    • Well, there was a man named John Wheatley
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    • Well, there was a man named John Wheatley
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    • who was there at that sale
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    • who was there at that sale
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    • and he saw that young girl and he bought her, actually.
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    • and he saw that young girl and he bought her, actually.
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    • He bought her for his family.
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    • He bought her for his family.
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    • She came over on a slave ship named Phyllis,
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    • She came over on a slave ship named Phyllis,
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    • so they named her Phyllis 'cause they had no clue
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    • so they named her Phyllis 'cause they had no clue
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    • what her name was, she couldn't speak their language,
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    • what her name was, she couldn't speak their language,
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    • they didn't speak hers.
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    • they didn't speak hers.
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    • They named her Phyllis, and because the Wheatleys bought her
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    • They named her Phyllis, and because the Wheatleys bought her
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    • she became Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • she became Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • (electronic beeping)
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    • (electronic beeping)
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • (inspiring music)
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    • We're at the Boston Women's Memorial
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    • We're at the Boston Women's Memorial
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    • and there are several women that are honored here.
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    • and there are several women that are honored here.
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    • One of those women is Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • One of those women is Phyllis Wheatley.
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    • Now, after Phyllis was purchased by the Wheatley family
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    • Now, after Phyllis was purchased by the Wheatley family
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    • they bring her home
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    • they bring her home
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    • and decide they want to help educate her.
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    • and decide they want to help educate her.
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    • Now, it was not totally unusual for a household slave
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    • Now, it was not totally unusual for a household slave
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    • to receive some level of education,
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    • to receive some level of education,
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    • but how much education Phyllis got was very unusual.
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    • but how much education Phyllis got was very unusual.
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    • The Wheatleys had a daughter,
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    • The Wheatleys had a daughter,
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    • and they instructed the daughter,
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    • and they instructed the daughter,
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    • "We want you to help teach her English,"
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    • "We want you to help teach her English,"
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    • because she's come from Africa,
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    • because she's come from Africa,
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    • doesn't speak any English whatsoever.
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    • doesn't speak any English whatsoever.
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    • So they begin teaching her English,
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    • So they begin teaching her English,
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    • actually using the Bible to do so,
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    • actually using the Bible to do so,
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    • which does become significant in her story later.
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    • which does become significant in her story later.
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    • Well, after she begins learning English, learning the Bible,
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    • Well, after she begins learning English, learning the Bible,
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    • they're also teaching her Latin,
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    • they're also teaching her Latin,
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    • they're also teaching her mathematics and science
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    • they're also teaching her mathematics and science
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    • and all the kind of things
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    • and all the kind of things
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    • that you would imagine you learn in education.
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    • that you would imagine you learn in education.
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    • And so they give her a very well-rounded education.
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    • And so they give her a very well-rounded education.
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    • Well, they discover she's a very quick learner.
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    • Well, they discover she's a very quick learner.
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    • She is a very smart, bright young lady.
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    • She is a very smart, bright young lady.
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    • They see the way she's mastered the English language,
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    • They see the way she's mastered the English language,
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    • the vernacular, and they begin showing her how poetry works.
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    • the vernacular, and they begin showing her how poetry works.
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    • So she begins writing poetry.
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    • So she begins writing poetry.
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    • At the age of 12, actually one of her poems was published
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    • At the age of 12, actually one of her poems was published
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    • in a paper which is huge
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    • in a paper which is huge
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    • because this is a black slave girl
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    • because this is a black slave girl
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    • who is getting poetry published in a paper.
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    • who is getting poetry published in a paper.
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    • At the age of 14 she has more poetry published.
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    • At the age of 14 she has more poetry published.
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    • This is a really big deal
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    • This is a really big deal
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    • because this is not the norm in America,
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    • because this is not the norm in America,
    • -->
    • 00:03:51.030 --> 00:03:53.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:03:51.030 --> 00:03:53.290
    • -->
    • it's not the norm for slave girls.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • it's not the norm for slave girls.
    • -->
    • 00:03:53.290 --> 00:03:55.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:03:53.290 --> 00:03:55.150
    • -->
    • But yet, this is what Phyllis Wheatley was doing
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But yet, this is what Phyllis Wheatley was doing
    • -->
    • 00:03:55.150 --> 00:03:57.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:03:55.150 --> 00:03:57.200
    • -->
    • as just a 12, 13, and 14-year-old.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as just a 12, 13, and 14-year-old.
    • -->
    • 00:03:57.200 --> 00:03:59.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:03:57.200 --> 00:03:59.180
    • -->
    • And think about how remarkable that is
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And think about how remarkable that is
    • -->
    • 00:03:59.180 --> 00:04:01.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:03:59.180 --> 00:04:01.120
    • -->
    • because she's come here when she was six or seven or eight,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because she's come here when she was six or seven or eight,
    • -->
    • 00:04:01.120 --> 00:04:04.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:01.120 --> 00:04:04.080
    • -->
    • somewhere in that vicinity, didn't speak any English,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • somewhere in that vicinity, didn't speak any English,
    • -->
    • 00:04:04.080 --> 00:04:07.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:04.080 --> 00:04:07.100
    • -->
    • and now, in just a few years
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and now, in just a few years
    • -->
    • 00:04:07.100 --> 00:04:08.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:07.100 --> 00:04:08.260
    • -->
    • she has not only mastered the English language,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she has not only mastered the English language,
    • -->
    • 00:04:08.260 --> 00:04:10.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:08.260 --> 00:04:10.280
    • -->
    • she's mastered it to the point
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she's mastered it to the point
    • -->
    • 00:04:10.280 --> 00:04:12.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:10.280 --> 00:04:12.110
    • -->
    • to where she's doing poetry and prose and rhyming.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to where she's doing poetry and prose and rhyming.
    • -->
    • 00:04:12.110 --> 00:04:15.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:12.110 --> 00:04:15.110
    • -->
    • And a lot of people who have lived here their whole life
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And a lot of people who have lived here their whole life
    • -->
    • 00:04:15.110 --> 00:04:17.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:15.110 --> 00:04:17.120
    • -->
    • can't do poetry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • can't do poetry.
    • -->
    • 00:04:17.120 --> 00:04:18.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:17.120 --> 00:04:18.180
    • -->
    • So here's this young girl doing this,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So here's this young girl doing this,
    • -->
    • 00:04:18.180 --> 00:04:20.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:18.180 --> 00:04:20.070
    • -->
    • and she had so much content from which to choose
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and she had so much content from which to choose
    • -->
    • 00:04:20.070 --> 00:04:22.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:20.070 --> 00:04:22.270
    • -->
    • on this poetry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • on this poetry.
    • -->
    • 00:04:22.270 --> 00:04:24.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:22.270 --> 00:04:24.050
    • -->
    • I mean, think about the time in which she lived.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • I mean, think about the time in which she lived.
    • -->
    • 00:04:24.050 --> 00:04:25.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:24.050 --> 00:04:25.260
    • -->
    • We're leading up to the American War for Independence,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We're leading up to the American War for Independence,
    • -->
    • 00:04:25.260 --> 00:04:28.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:25.260 --> 00:04:28.010
    • -->
    • so there's a lot of stuff going on
    • " data-timeend="">
    • so there's a lot of stuff going on
    • -->
    • 00:04:28.010 --> 00:04:29.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:28.010 --> 00:04:29.070
    • -->
    • with America and Great Britain.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • with America and Great Britain.
    • -->
    • 00:04:29.070 --> 00:04:30.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:29.070 --> 00:04:30.210
    • -->
    • For example, here in 1765 the King imposed the Stamp Act
    • " data-timeend="">
    • For example, here in 1765 the King imposed the Stamp Act
    • -->
    • 00:04:30.210 --> 00:04:34.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:30.210 --> 00:04:34.210
    • -->
    • which was a tax that they really protested and objected to.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which was a tax that they really protested and objected to.
    • -->
    • 00:04:34.210 --> 00:04:38.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:34.210 --> 00:04:38.010
    • -->
    • Well, he ends up repealing the Stamp Act.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, he ends up repealing the Stamp Act.
    • -->
    • 00:04:38.010 --> 00:04:40.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:38.010 --> 00:04:40.130
    • -->
    • When he did, Phyllis actually wrote a poem
    • " data-timeend="">
    • When he did, Phyllis actually wrote a poem
    • -->
    • 00:04:40.130 --> 00:04:43.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:40.130 --> 00:04:43.060
    • -->
    • praising King George III for repealing the Stamp Act.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • praising King George III for repealing the Stamp Act.
    • -->
    • 00:04:43.060 --> 00:04:46.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:43.060 --> 00:04:46.150
    • -->
    • And then as other things come to light
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And then as other things come to light
    • -->
    • 00:04:46.150 --> 00:04:48.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:46.150 --> 00:04:48.020
    • -->
    • and you start hearing about this guy in Pennsylvania
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and you start hearing about this guy in Pennsylvania
    • -->
    • 00:04:48.020 --> 00:04:50.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:48.020 --> 00:04:50.040
    • -->
    • that's named Ben Franklin, and he's taken a leadership role.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that's named Ben Franklin, and he's taken a leadership role.
    • -->
    • 00:04:50.040 --> 00:04:53.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:50.040 --> 00:04:53.120
    • -->
    • And so she does a poem about Ben Franklin,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so she does a poem about Ben Franklin,
    • -->
    • 00:04:53.120 --> 00:04:55.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:53.120 --> 00:04:55.250
    • -->
    • which is a really cool poem, and he really liked it.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which is a really cool poem, and he really liked it.
    • -->
    • 00:04:55.250 --> 00:04:58.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:55.250 --> 00:04:58.040
    • -->
    • And then she hears about this guy from Virginia
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And then she hears about this guy from Virginia
    • -->
    • 00:04:58.040 --> 00:05:00.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:04:58.040 --> 00:05:00.210
    • -->
    • who has now been named Commander in Chief
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who has now been named Commander in Chief
    • -->
    • 00:05:00.210 --> 00:05:02.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:00.210 --> 00:05:02.180
    • -->
    • of all the military forces, a guy named George Washington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of all the military forces, a guy named George Washington.
    • -->
    • 00:05:02.180 --> 00:05:05.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:02.180 --> 00:05:05.150
    • -->
    • Well, she does a poem about George Washington,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, she does a poem about George Washington,
    • -->
    • 00:05:05.150 --> 00:05:08.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:05.150 --> 00:05:08.020
    • -->
    • it ends up in his hands, he really likes it.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • it ends up in his hands, he really likes it.
    • -->
    • 00:05:08.020 --> 00:05:10.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:08.020 --> 00:05:10.170
    • -->
    • He contacts her and said, "I'd really like to meet you."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He contacts her and said, "I'd really like to meet you."
    • -->
    • 00:05:10.170 --> 00:05:13.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:10.170 --> 00:05:13.010
    • -->
    • And so they set up a meeting.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so they set up a meeting.
    • -->
    • 00:05:13.010 --> 00:05:14.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:13.010 --> 00:05:14.190
    • -->
    • And they end up meeting at a house in Cambridge
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And they end up meeting at a house in Cambridge
    • -->
    • 00:05:14.190 --> 00:05:16.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:14.190 --> 00:05:16.220
    • -->
    • which is not far from here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which is not far from here.
    • -->
    • 00:05:16.220 --> 00:05:18.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:16.220 --> 00:05:18.030
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:05:18.030 --> 00:05:20.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:18.030 --> 00:05:20.280
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:05:23.190 --> 00:05:26.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:23.190 --> 00:05:26.210
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:05:29.040 --> 00:05:31.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:29.040 --> 00:05:31.290
    • -->
    • We're at the house in Cambridge where Phyllis Wheatley
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We're at the house in Cambridge where Phyllis Wheatley
    • -->
    • 00:05:33.140 --> 00:05:34.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:33.140 --> 00:05:34.270
    • -->
    • came and performed her poetry for George Washington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • came and performed her poetry for George Washington.
    • -->
    • 00:05:34.270 --> 00:05:37.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:34.270 --> 00:05:37.010
    • -->
    • Now, the house today is not just known
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, the house today is not just known
    • -->
    • 00:05:37.010 --> 00:05:38.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:37.010 --> 00:05:38.270
    • -->
    • as the Washington House,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as the Washington House,
    • -->
    • 00:05:38.270 --> 00:05:40.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:38.270 --> 00:05:40.040
    • -->
    • it's actually known as the Longfellow House
    • " data-timeend="">
    • it's actually known as the Longfellow House
    • -->
    • 00:05:40.040 --> 00:05:41.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:40.040 --> 00:05:41.230
    • -->
    • because many years after the Revolution
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because many years after the Revolution
    • -->
    • 00:05:41.230 --> 00:05:43.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:41.230 --> 00:05:43.240
    • -->
    • there was a guy named Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    • " data-timeend="">
    • there was a guy named Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    • -->
    • 00:05:43.240 --> 00:05:46.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:43.240 --> 00:05:46.090
    • -->
    • who was a famous American poet.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who was a famous American poet.
    • -->
    • 00:05:46.090 --> 00:05:47.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:46.090 --> 00:05:47.170
    • -->
    • He actually came and purchased this house.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He actually came and purchased this house.
    • -->
    • 00:05:47.170 --> 00:05:49.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:47.170 --> 00:05:49.040
    • -->
    • And this is where he lived for many years.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And this is where he lived for many years.
    • -->
    • 00:05:49.040 --> 00:05:50.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:49.040 --> 00:05:50.280
    • -->
    • But back up, 1775, Washington is here with many officers.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But back up, 1775, Washington is here with many officers.
    • -->
    • 00:05:50.280 --> 00:05:54.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:50.280 --> 00:05:54.240
    • -->
    • They're here roughly nine months
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They're here roughly nine months
    • -->
    • 00:05:54.240 --> 00:05:56.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:54.240 --> 00:05:56.090
    • -->
    • during what's known as the Siege of Boston.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • during what's known as the Siege of Boston.
    • -->
    • 00:05:56.090 --> 00:05:58.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:56.090 --> 00:05:58.050
    • -->
    • Yeah, the Siege of Boston happened
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, the Siege of Boston happened
    • -->
    • 00:05:58.050 --> 00:05:59.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:58.050 --> 00:05:59.160
    • -->
    • because of the Shot Heard Around the World,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because of the Shot Heard Around the World,
    • -->
    • 00:05:59.160 --> 00:06:01.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:05:59.160 --> 00:06:01.110
    • -->
    • the first conflict in the American War for Independence.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the first conflict in the American War for Independence.
    • -->
    • 00:06:01.110 --> 00:06:02.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:01.110 --> 00:06:02.280
    • -->
    • There was the Battle of Lexington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • There was the Battle of Lexington.
    • -->
    • 00:06:02.280 --> 00:06:04.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:02.280 --> 00:06:04.250
    • -->
    • That same day you had the Battle of Concord.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That same day you had the Battle of Concord.
    • -->
    • 00:06:04.250 --> 00:06:06.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:04.250 --> 00:06:06.200
    • -->
    • Later that day you had the battle on the road to Boston.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Later that day you had the battle on the road to Boston.
    • -->
    • 00:06:06.200 --> 00:06:09.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:06.200 --> 00:06:09.010
    • -->
    • And so the British are out now.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so the British are out now.
    • -->
    • 00:06:09.010 --> 00:06:10.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:09.010 --> 00:06:10.190
    • -->
    • We see clearly they're fighting Americans now.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We see clearly they're fighting Americans now.
    • -->
    • 00:06:10.190 --> 00:06:12.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:10.190 --> 00:06:12.250
    • -->
    • They're back in Boston, they've taken Boston,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They're back in Boston, they've taken Boston,
    • -->
    • 00:06:12.250 --> 00:06:15.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:12.250 --> 00:06:15.020
    • -->
    • and Bostonians want their town back.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and Bostonians want their town back.
    • -->
    • 00:06:15.020 --> 00:06:16.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:15.020 --> 00:06:16.220
    • -->
    • And so what happens is they form all these little militias
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so what happens is they form all these little militias
    • -->
    • 00:06:16.220 --> 00:06:19.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:16.220 --> 00:06:19.070
    • -->
    • and these groups.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and these groups.
    • -->
    • 00:06:19.070 --> 00:06:20.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:19.070 --> 00:06:20.220
    • -->
    • And groups come in from Vermont and New Hampshire
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And groups come in from Vermont and New Hampshire
    • -->
    • 00:06:20.220 --> 00:06:22.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:20.220 --> 00:06:22.000
    • -->
    • and other places to help them fight the British.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and other places to help them fight the British.
    • -->
    • 00:06:22.000 --> 00:06:24.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:22.000 --> 00:06:24.150
    • -->
    • And so they've got the British kind of bottled up in town.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so they've got the British kind of bottled up in town.
    • -->
    • 00:06:24.150 --> 00:06:26.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:24.150 --> 00:06:26.270
    • -->
    • And it's about this time that Congress goes,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And it's about this time that Congress goes,
    • -->
    • 00:06:26.270 --> 00:06:29.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:26.270 --> 00:06:29.000
    • -->
    • "You know, this might get really serious.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "You know, this might get really serious.
    • -->
    • 00:06:29.000 --> 00:06:31.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:29.000 --> 00:06:31.050
    • -->
    • "Maybe we need someone to lead our military forces."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Maybe we need someone to lead our military forces."
    • -->
    • 00:06:31.050 --> 00:06:33.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:31.050 --> 00:06:33.240
    • -->
    • And so Congress votes to make George Washington
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so Congress votes to make George Washington
    • -->
    • 00:06:33.240 --> 00:06:36.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:33.240 --> 00:06:36.100
    • -->
    • the Commander in Chief of the Continental Forces.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the Commander in Chief of the Continental Forces.
    • -->
    • 00:06:36.100 --> 00:06:38.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:36.100 --> 00:06:38.150
    • -->
    • So Washington arrives here, he looks the situation over,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So Washington arrives here, he looks the situation over,
    • -->
    • 00:06:38.150 --> 00:06:40.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:38.150 --> 00:06:40.260
    • -->
    • and this is where he stays for those nine months
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and this is where he stays for those nine months
    • -->
    • 00:06:40.260 --> 00:06:43.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:40.260 --> 00:06:43.010
    • -->
    • in the Siege of Boston.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the Siege of Boston.
    • -->
    • 00:06:43.010 --> 00:06:44.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:43.010 --> 00:06:44.150
    • -->
    • And he says, "You know, I think we can help the situation."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And he says, "You know, I think we can help the situation."
    • -->
    • 00:06:44.150 --> 00:06:46.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:44.150 --> 00:06:46.110
    • -->
    • So he sends General Henry Knox out to get cannons
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So he sends General Henry Knox out to get cannons
    • -->
    • 00:06:46.110 --> 00:06:49.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:46.110 --> 00:06:49.080
    • -->
    • they had previously captured at Fort Ticonderoga.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they had previously captured at Fort Ticonderoga.
    • -->
    • 00:06:49.080 --> 00:06:51.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:49.080 --> 00:06:51.200
    • -->
    • They brought them back, they got them around the high places
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They brought them back, they got them around the high places
    • -->
    • 00:06:51.200 --> 00:06:54.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:51.200 --> 00:06:54.050
    • -->
    • in Boston looking down at the British.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in Boston looking down at the British.
    • -->
    • 00:06:54.050 --> 00:06:56.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:54.050 --> 00:06:56.040
    • -->
    • And the British decide, "Oh, this is not a good situation.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And the British decide, "Oh, this is not a good situation.
    • -->
    • 00:06:56.040 --> 00:06:58.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:56.040 --> 00:06:58.130
    • -->
    • "We need to get outta here."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "We need to get outta here."
    • -->
    • 00:06:58.130 --> 00:06:59.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:58.130 --> 00:06:59.210
    • -->
    • So the British leave Boston.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So the British leave Boston.
    • -->
    • 00:06:59.210 --> 00:07:01.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:06:59.210 --> 00:07:01.200
    • -->
    • And it's at that time that Washington breaks camp here
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And it's at that time that Washington breaks camp here
    • -->
    • 00:07:01.200 --> 00:07:04.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:01.200 --> 00:07:04.010
    • -->
    • and he also leaves.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and he also leaves.
    • -->
    • 00:07:04.010 --> 00:07:05.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:04.010 --> 00:07:05.150
    • -->
    • But before they broke camp, before the British leave
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But before they broke camp, before the British leave
    • -->
    • 00:07:05.150 --> 00:07:08.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:05.150 --> 00:07:08.230
    • -->
    • is when Phyllis Wheatley comes here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is when Phyllis Wheatley comes here.
    • -->
    • 00:07:08.230 --> 00:07:10.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:08.230 --> 00:07:10.120
    • -->
    • Yeah, and it's significant
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, and it's significant
    • -->
    • 00:07:10.120 --> 00:07:11.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:10.120 --> 00:07:11.270
    • -->
    • that not only is it shortly before Washington leaves,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that not only is it shortly before Washington leaves,
    • -->
    • 00:07:11.270 --> 00:07:13.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:11.270 --> 00:07:13.240
    • -->
    • but the fact that they are bringing her in to do poetry,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • but the fact that they are bringing her in to do poetry,
    • -->
    • 00:07:13.240 --> 00:07:16.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:13.240 --> 00:07:16.060
    • -->
    • because this is a time in America where there is still
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because this is a time in America where there is still
    • -->
    • 00:07:16.060 --> 00:07:18.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:16.060 --> 00:07:18.060
    • -->
    • a lot of division over the issue of slavery.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • a lot of division over the issue of slavery.
    • -->
    • 00:07:18.060 --> 00:07:20.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:18.060 --> 00:07:20.200
    • -->
    • And even though there are many fighting abolition,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And even though there are many fighting abolition,
    • -->
    • 00:07:20.200 --> 00:07:22.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:20.200 --> 00:07:22.280
    • -->
    • there's many still supporting slavery.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • there's many still supporting slavery.
    • -->
    • 00:07:22.280 --> 00:07:24.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:22.280 --> 00:07:24.210
    • -->
    • So the fact that Washington says, "No, no, no,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So the fact that Washington says, "No, no, no,
    • -->
    • 00:07:24.210 --> 00:07:26.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:24.210 --> 00:07:26.220
    • -->
    • "I'm not interested in the fact that she was a former slave,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I'm not interested in the fact that she was a former slave,
    • -->
    • 00:07:26.220 --> 00:07:29.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:26.220 --> 00:07:29.120
    • -->
    • "that doesn't matter.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "that doesn't matter.
    • -->
    • 00:07:29.120 --> 00:07:31.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:29.120 --> 00:07:31.020
    • -->
    • "She's an incredible poetess,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "She's an incredible poetess,
    • -->
    • 00:07:31.020 --> 00:07:32.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:31.020 --> 00:07:32.100
    • -->
    • "we want to bring her in to perform."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "we want to bring her in to perform."
    • -->
    • 00:07:32.100 --> 00:07:34.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:32.100 --> 00:07:34.000
    • -->
    • So this is the very place where Phyllis Wheatley came
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So this is the very place where Phyllis Wheatley came
    • -->
    • 00:07:34.000 --> 00:07:36.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:34.000 --> 00:07:36.070
    • -->
    • and performed her poetry for George Washington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and performed her poetry for George Washington.
    • -->
    • 00:07:36.070 --> 00:07:38.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:36.070 --> 00:07:38.140
    • -->
    • (light jazz music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (light jazz music)
    • -->
    • 00:07:38.140 --> 00:07:41.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:38.140 --> 00:07:41.110
    • -->
    • Hi everyone, I'm down here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Hi everyone, I'm down here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • -->
    • 00:07:46.040 --> 00:07:48.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:46.040 --> 00:07:48.080
    • -->
    • And I have a really interesting and important artifact
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And I have a really interesting and important artifact
    • -->
    • 00:07:48.080 --> 00:07:51.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:48.080 --> 00:07:51.050
    • -->
    • for y'all today.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for y'all today.
    • -->
    • 00:07:51.050 --> 00:07:52.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:51.050 --> 00:07:52.200
    • -->
    • This right here are the poems of Phyllis Wheatley.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • This right here are the poems of Phyllis Wheatley.
    • -->
    • 00:07:52.200 --> 00:07:55.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:52.200 --> 00:07:55.000
    • -->
    • It's in a 1802 edition.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It's in a 1802 edition.
    • -->
    • 00:07:55.000 --> 00:07:56.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:55.000 --> 00:07:56.270
    • -->
    • "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral."
    • -->
    • 00:07:56.270 --> 00:08:00.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:07:56.270 --> 00:08:00.250
    • -->
    • And as we go through I'm gonna read one in particular
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And as we go through I'm gonna read one in particular
    • -->
    • 00:08:00.250 --> 00:08:03.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:00.250 --> 00:08:03.120
    • -->
    • that really stands out.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that really stands out.
    • -->
    • 00:08:03.120 --> 00:08:05.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:03.120 --> 00:08:05.000
    • -->
    • It's one of her most famous poems.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It's one of her most famous poems.
    • -->
    • 00:08:05.000 --> 00:08:06.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:05.000 --> 00:08:06.190
    • -->
    • And it's called "On Being Brought From Africa to America."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And it's called "On Being Brought From Africa to America."
    • -->
    • 00:08:06.190 --> 00:08:10.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:06.190 --> 00:08:10.180
    • -->
    • 'Twas mercy brought me from my pagan land,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 'Twas mercy brought me from my pagan land,
    • -->
    • 00:08:10.180 --> 00:08:13.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:10.180 --> 00:08:13.030
    • -->
    • taught my benighted soul to understand that there's a God,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • taught my benighted soul to understand that there's a God,
    • -->
    • 00:08:13.030 --> 00:08:16.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:13.030 --> 00:08:16.260
    • -->
    • there's a Savior too.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • there's a Savior too.
    • -->
    • 00:08:16.260 --> 00:08:18.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:16.260 --> 00:08:18.070
    • -->
    • Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
    • -->
    • 00:08:18.070 --> 00:08:21.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:18.070 --> 00:08:21.260
    • -->
    • Some view our fable race with scornful eye,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Some view our fable race with scornful eye,
    • -->
    • 00:08:21.260 --> 00:08:25.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:21.260 --> 00:08:25.170
    • -->
    • their color is a diabolical die.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • their color is a diabolical die.
    • -->
    • 00:08:25.170 --> 00:08:27.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:25.170 --> 00:08:27.220
    • -->
    • Remember, Christians, Negros black as Cain may be refined
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Remember, Christians, Negros black as Cain may be refined
    • -->
    • 00:08:27.220 --> 00:08:31.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:27.220 --> 00:08:31.220
    • -->
    • and join the angelic train.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and join the angelic train.
    • -->
    • 00:08:31.220 --> 00:08:34.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:31.220 --> 00:08:34.030
    • -->
    • So just an incredible perspective on how God works
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So just an incredible perspective on how God works
    • -->
    • 00:08:34.030 --> 00:08:37.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:34.030 --> 00:08:37.180
    • -->
    • all things together for the good of those that love Him.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • all things together for the good of those that love Him.
    • -->
    • 00:08:37.180 --> 00:08:40.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:37.180 --> 00:08:40.060
    • -->
    • And Phyllis Wheatley certainly loved Him.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And Phyllis Wheatley certainly loved Him.
    • -->
    • 00:08:40.060 --> 00:08:42.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:40.060 --> 00:08:42.130
    • -->
    • And she made sure to write poetry and to record that
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she made sure to write poetry and to record that
    • -->
    • 00:08:42.130 --> 00:08:45.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:42.130 --> 00:08:45.160
    • -->
    • and spread it to everybody who would listen.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and spread it to everybody who would listen.
    • -->
    • 00:08:45.160 --> 00:08:47.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:45.160 --> 00:08:47.190
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:08:47.190 --> 00:08:50.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:47.190 --> 00:08:50.140
    • -->
    • So Phyllis was able to meet with George Washington
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So Phyllis was able to meet with George Washington
    • -->
    • 00:08:57.150 --> 00:08:59.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:57.150 --> 00:08:59.090
    • -->
    • and his officers.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and his officers.
    • -->
    • 00:08:59.090 --> 00:09:00.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:08:59.090 --> 00:09:00.090
    • -->
    • And that was a momentous time.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that was a momentous time.
    • -->
    • 00:09:00.090 --> 00:09:02.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:00.090 --> 00:09:02.020
    • -->
    • I mean, that is the beginning
    • " data-timeend="">
    • I mean, that is the beginning
    • -->
    • 00:09:02.020 --> 00:09:03.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:02.020 --> 00:09:03.160
    • -->
    • of the American War for Independence
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of the American War for Independence
    • -->
    • 00:09:03.160 --> 00:09:05.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:03.160 --> 00:09:05.070
    • -->
    • and she was there at that point in time.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and she was there at that point in time.
    • -->
    • 00:09:05.070 --> 00:09:07.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:05.070 --> 00:09:07.220
    • -->
    • She continued to write poetry about great events like that.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She continued to write poetry about great events like that.
    • -->
    • 00:09:07.220 --> 00:09:10.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:07.220 --> 00:09:10.200
    • -->
    • But she also wrote about other themes,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But she also wrote about other themes,
    • -->
    • 00:09:10.200 --> 00:09:12.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:10.200 --> 00:09:12.100
    • -->
    • including very spiritual themes.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • including very spiritual themes.
    • -->
    • 00:09:12.100 --> 00:09:14.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:12.100 --> 00:09:14.010
    • -->
    • As a matter of fact, she wrote about her own faith.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • As a matter of fact, she wrote about her own faith.
    • -->
    • 00:09:14.010 --> 00:09:16.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:14.010 --> 00:09:16.190
    • -->
    • One of her famous poems was
    • " data-timeend="">
    • One of her famous poems was
    • -->
    • 00:09:16.190 --> 00:09:18.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:16.190 --> 00:09:18.070
    • -->
    • "On Being Brought From Africa to America."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "On Being Brought From Africa to America."
    • -->
    • 00:09:18.070 --> 00:09:20.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:18.070 --> 00:09:20.240
    • -->
    • And in it she talked about how that she was brought
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And in it she talked about how that she was brought
    • -->
    • 00:09:20.240 --> 00:09:23.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:20.240 --> 00:09:23.000
    • -->
    • from Africa to America,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • from Africa to America,
    • -->
    • 00:09:23.000 --> 00:09:24.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:23.000 --> 00:09:24.150
    • -->
    • but when she got here she found out about God.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • but when she got here she found out about God.
    • -->
    • 00:09:24.150 --> 00:09:27.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:24.150 --> 00:09:27.050
    • -->
    • She found out about Jesus.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She found out about Jesus.
    • -->
    • 00:09:27.050 --> 00:09:28.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:27.050 --> 00:09:28.110
    • -->
    • She became a Christian.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She became a Christian.
    • -->
    • 00:09:28.110 --> 00:09:29.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:28.110 --> 00:09:29.230
    • -->
    • And though slavery wasn't a good deal,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And though slavery wasn't a good deal,
    • -->
    • 00:09:29.230 --> 00:09:32.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:29.230 --> 00:09:32.210
    • -->
    • the fact that she became a Christian over here
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the fact that she became a Christian over here
    • -->
    • 00:09:32.210 --> 00:09:35.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:32.210 --> 00:09:35.140
    • -->
    • was a good deal.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • was a good deal.
    • -->
    • 00:09:35.140 --> 00:09:37.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:35.140 --> 00:09:37.010
    • -->
    • She actually ends up getting baptized
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She actually ends up getting baptized
    • -->
    • 00:09:37.010 --> 00:09:39.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:37.010 --> 00:09:39.040
    • -->
    • in the Old South Church.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the Old South Church.
    • -->
    • 00:09:39.040 --> 00:09:40.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:39.040 --> 00:09:40.200
    • -->
    • That's a really famous church.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That's a really famous church.
    • -->
    • 00:09:40.200 --> 00:09:41.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:40.200 --> 00:09:41.270
    • -->
    • That's where Sam Adams and other patriots went.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That's where Sam Adams and other patriots went.
    • -->
    • 00:09:41.270 --> 00:09:44.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:41.270 --> 00:09:44.120
    • -->
    • And she became one of the very first black Americans
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she became one of the very first black Americans
    • -->
    • 00:09:44.120 --> 00:09:46.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:44.120 --> 00:09:46.240
    • -->
    • to be baptized in that church.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to be baptized in that church.
    • -->
    • 00:09:46.240 --> 00:09:48.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:46.240 --> 00:09:48.100
    • -->
    • Her spiritual journey really was a big deal.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Her spiritual journey really was a big deal.
    • -->
    • 00:09:48.100 --> 00:09:51.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:48.100 --> 00:09:51.010
    • -->
    • Well, and as she continued writing poetry,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, and as she continued writing poetry,
    • -->
    • 00:09:51.010 --> 00:09:52.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:51.010 --> 00:09:52.130
    • -->
    • one of the unique things about it
    • " data-timeend="">
    • one of the unique things about it
    • -->
    • 00:09:52.130 --> 00:09:53.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:52.130 --> 00:09:53.200
    • -->
    • is she's written dozens of different poems.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is she's written dozens of different poems.
    • -->
    • 00:09:53.200 --> 00:09:55.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:53.200 --> 00:09:55.260
    • -->
    • And people are promoting
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And people are promoting
    • -->
    • 00:09:55.260 --> 00:09:57.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:55.260 --> 00:09:57.070
    • -->
    • you need to have your poetry published,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • you need to have your poetry published,
    • -->
    • 00:09:57.070 --> 00:09:58.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:57.070 --> 00:09:58.260
    • -->
    • which she's kind of okay with the idea.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which she's kind of okay with the idea.
    • -->
    • 00:09:58.260 --> 00:10:00.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:09:58.260 --> 00:10:00.160
    • -->
    • The problem was there wasn't a publisher in America
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The problem was there wasn't a publisher in America
    • -->
    • 00:10:00.160 --> 00:10:02.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:00.160 --> 00:10:02.120
    • -->
    • at the time who was willing to pick up this book.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • at the time who was willing to pick up this book.
    • -->
    • 00:10:02.120 --> 00:10:05.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:02.120 --> 00:10:05.020
    • -->
    • She continued writing about other momentous subjects,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She continued writing about other momentous subjects,
    • -->
    • 00:10:05.020 --> 00:10:07.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:05.020 --> 00:10:07.280
    • -->
    • even though they said no book.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • even though they said no book.
    • -->
    • 00:10:07.280 --> 00:10:09.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:07.280 --> 00:10:09.100
    • -->
    • For example, when George Whitfield died in 1770,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • For example, when George Whitfield died in 1770,
    • -->
    • 00:10:09.100 --> 00:10:12.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:09.100 --> 00:10:12.030
    • -->
    • that was a big deal.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that was a big deal.
    • -->
    • 00:10:12.030 --> 00:10:13.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:12.030 --> 00:10:13.160
    • -->
    • Now, this is before the American War for Independence.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, this is before the American War for Independence.
    • -->
    • 00:10:13.160 --> 00:10:15.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:13.160 --> 00:10:15.030
    • -->
    • But George Whitfield had preached across America
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But George Whitfield had preached across America
    • -->
    • 00:10:15.030 --> 00:10:16.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:15.030 --> 00:10:16.290
    • -->
    • for 34 years.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for 34 years.
    • -->
    • 00:10:16.290 --> 00:10:18.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:16.290 --> 00:10:18.120
    • -->
    • He was known in virtually every community.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He was known in virtually every community.
    • -->
    • 00:10:18.120 --> 00:10:20.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:18.120 --> 00:10:20.150
    • -->
    • Founding Fathers had really been inspired by him.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Founding Fathers had really been inspired by him.
    • -->
    • 00:10:20.150 --> 00:10:22.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:20.150 --> 00:10:22.230
    • -->
    • And Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson,
    • -->
    • 00:10:22.230 --> 00:10:24.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:22.230 --> 00:10:24.210
    • -->
    • John Adams all wrote about the impact he had.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • John Adams all wrote about the impact he had.
    • -->
    • 00:10:24.210 --> 00:10:26.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:24.210 --> 00:10:26.260
    • -->
    • And so when he died that was the end of the national revival
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so when he died that was the end of the national revival
    • -->
    • 00:10:26.260 --> 00:10:29.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:26.260 --> 00:10:29.250
    • -->
    • called the First Great Awakening.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • called the First Great Awakening.
    • -->
    • 00:10:29.250 --> 00:10:31.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:29.250 --> 00:10:31.160
    • -->
    • She wrote an elegy on him.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She wrote an elegy on him.
    • -->
    • 00:10:31.160 --> 00:10:33.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:31.160 --> 00:10:33.070
    • -->
    • Not a eulogy.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Not a eulogy.
    • -->
    • 00:10:33.070 --> 00:10:34.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:33.070 --> 00:10:34.140
    • -->
    • A eulogy is what you do, say when someone dies.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • A eulogy is what you do, say when someone dies.
    • -->
    • 00:10:34.140 --> 00:10:36.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:34.140 --> 00:10:36.190
    • -->
    • But she wrote an elegy,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But she wrote an elegy,
    • -->
    • 00:10:36.190 --> 00:10:37.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:36.190 --> 00:10:37.270
    • -->
    • which is a funeral poem about George Whitfield.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which is a funeral poem about George Whitfield.
    • -->
    • 00:10:37.270 --> 00:10:40.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:37.270 --> 00:10:40.230
    • -->
    • It was received very well here and got distributed around.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It was received very well here and got distributed around.
    • -->
    • 00:10:40.230 --> 00:10:43.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:40.230 --> 00:10:43.210
    • -->
    • As a matter of fact, it made it all the way across the sea
    • " data-timeend="">
    • As a matter of fact, it made it all the way across the sea
    • -->
    • 00:10:43.210 --> 00:10:46.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:43.210 --> 00:10:46.180
    • -->
    • over to England into the hands
    • " data-timeend="">
    • over to England into the hands
    • -->
    • 00:10:46.180 --> 00:10:48.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:46.180 --> 00:10:48.170
    • -->
    • of the Countess of Huntingdon.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of the Countess of Huntingdon.
    • -->
    • 00:10:48.170 --> 00:10:50.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:48.170 --> 00:10:50.030
    • -->
    • Now the Countess of Huntingdon was a very influential person
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now the Countess of Huntingdon was a very influential person
    • -->
    • 00:10:50.030 --> 00:10:53.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:50.030 --> 00:10:53.000
    • -->
    • in the English Court over there,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the English Court over there,
    • -->
    • 00:10:53.000 --> 00:10:54.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:53.000 --> 00:10:54.140
    • -->
    • really focused on Christian ministry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • really focused on Christian ministry.
    • -->
    • 00:10:54.140 --> 00:10:56.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:54.140 --> 00:10:56.210
    • -->
    • And so she would publish works
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so she would publish works
    • -->
    • 00:10:56.210 --> 00:10:58.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:56.210 --> 00:10:58.030
    • -->
    • by any Evangelical kind of person
    • " data-timeend="">
    • by any Evangelical kind of person
    • -->
    • 00:10:58.030 --> 00:11:00.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:10:58.030 --> 00:11:00.070
    • -->
    • trying to get the Gospel out there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • trying to get the Gospel out there.
    • -->
    • 00:11:00.070 --> 00:11:01.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:00.070 --> 00:11:01.220
    • -->
    • And so she saw this stuff that Phyllis Wheatley had done
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so she saw this stuff that Phyllis Wheatley had done
    • -->
    • 00:11:01.220 --> 00:11:04.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:01.220 --> 00:11:04.000
    • -->
    • and said, "This is really good, I think I can help her.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and said, "This is really good, I think I can help her.
    • -->
    • 00:11:04.000 --> 00:11:06.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:04.000 --> 00:11:06.220
    • -->
    • "I think I can publish this for her."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I think I can publish this for her."
    • -->
    • 00:11:06.220 --> 00:11:08.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:06.220 --> 00:11:08.090
    • -->
    • Well, fortunately Nathaniel Wheatley,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, fortunately Nathaniel Wheatley,
    • -->
    • 00:11:08.090 --> 00:11:10.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:08.090 --> 00:11:10.080
    • -->
    • who was the son of the Wheatleys,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who was the son of the Wheatleys,
    • -->
    • 00:11:10.080 --> 00:11:11.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:10.080 --> 00:11:11.200
    • -->
    • was going over to Europe and says,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • was going over to Europe and says,
    • -->
    • 00:11:11.200 --> 00:11:12.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:11.200 --> 00:11:12.280
    • -->
    • "Let's just bring Phyllis with us."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Let's just bring Phyllis with us."
    • -->
    • 00:11:12.280 --> 00:11:14.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:12.280 --> 00:11:14.090
    • -->
    • So Phyllis goes with Nathaniel over,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So Phyllis goes with Nathaniel over,
    • -->
    • 00:11:14.090 --> 00:11:16.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:14.090 --> 00:11:16.050
    • -->
    • and Phyllis actually is presented
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and Phyllis actually is presented
    • -->
    • 00:11:16.050 --> 00:11:17.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:16.050 --> 00:11:17.200
    • -->
    • before the Countess of Huntingdon.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • before the Countess of Huntingdon.
    • -->
    • 00:11:17.200 --> 00:11:19.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:17.200 --> 00:11:19.050
    • -->
    • Now, while she's there she does poetry, actually shows,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, while she's there she does poetry, actually shows,
    • -->
    • 00:11:19.050 --> 00:11:21.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:19.050 --> 00:11:21.150
    • -->
    • "I've got more than 33 of these poems that are done."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I've got more than 33 of these poems that are done."
    • -->
    • 00:11:21.150 --> 00:11:24.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:21.150 --> 00:11:24.060
    • -->
    • And so the Countess of Huntingdon says,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so the Countess of Huntingdon says,
    • -->
    • 00:11:24.060 --> 00:11:25.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:24.060 --> 00:11:25.160
    • -->
    • "We really need to make this a book."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "We really need to make this a book."
    • -->
    • 00:11:25.160 --> 00:11:27.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:25.160 --> 00:11:27.000
    • -->
    • Well, it was done in Europe and it did so well
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, it was done in Europe and it did so well
    • -->
    • 00:11:27.000 --> 00:11:29.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:27.000 --> 00:11:29.120
    • -->
    • there was actually seven different printings over in Europe.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • there was actually seven different printings over in Europe.
    • -->
    • 00:11:29.120 --> 00:11:31.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:29.120 --> 00:11:31.270
    • -->
    • It then was shipped to America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It then was shipped to America.
    • -->
    • 00:11:31.270 --> 00:11:33.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:31.270 --> 00:11:33.180
    • -->
    • People received it well in America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • People received it well in America.
    • -->
    • 00:11:33.180 --> 00:11:35.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:33.180 --> 00:11:35.010
    • -->
    • Finally they begin doing reproductions
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Finally they begin doing reproductions
    • -->
    • 00:11:35.010 --> 00:11:36.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:35.010 --> 00:11:36.210
    • -->
    • of this work in America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of this work in America.
    • -->
    • 00:11:36.210 --> 00:11:38.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:36.210 --> 00:11:38.020
    • -->
    • But you're talking about now.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But you're talking about now.
    • -->
    • 00:11:38.020 --> 00:11:39.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:38.020 --> 00:11:39.170
    • -->
    • You still have a young girl who at the time
    • " data-timeend="">
    • You still have a young girl who at the time
    • -->
    • 00:11:39.170 --> 00:11:41.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:39.170 --> 00:11:41.160
    • -->
    • is still a slave girl
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is still a slave girl
    • -->
    • 00:11:41.160 --> 00:11:43.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:41.160 --> 00:11:43.010
    • -->
    • who was the first published black poetess in America,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who was the first published black poetess in America,
    • -->
    • 00:11:43.010 --> 00:11:45.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:43.010 --> 00:11:45.270
    • -->
    • which is phenomenal to think about.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which is phenomenal to think about.
    • -->
    • 00:11:45.270 --> 00:11:47.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:45.270 --> 00:11:47.280
    • -->
    • Well, she then does come back to America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, she then does come back to America.
    • -->
    • 00:11:47.280 --> 00:11:50.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:47.280 --> 00:11:50.120
    • -->
    • When she gets back she actually is given her freedom,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • When she gets back she actually is given her freedom,
    • -->
    • 00:11:50.120 --> 00:11:52.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:50.120 --> 00:11:52.270
    • -->
    • which is awesome.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which is awesome.
    • -->
    • 00:11:52.270 --> 00:11:54.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:52.270 --> 00:11:54.050
    • -->
    • 'Cause now she's a published poetess,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 'Cause now she's a published poetess,
    • -->
    • 00:11:54.050 --> 00:11:55.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:54.050 --> 00:11:55.210
    • -->
    • she has her own book, she now has her freedom.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she has her own book, she now has her freedom.
    • -->
    • 00:11:55.210 --> 00:11:58.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:55.210 --> 00:11:58.070
    • -->
    • But freedom was a little more difficult for her
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But freedom was a little more difficult for her
    • -->
    • 00:11:58.070 --> 00:12:00.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:11:58.070 --> 00:12:00.110
    • -->
    • than we might imagine.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • than we might imagine.
    • -->
    • 00:12:00.110 --> 00:12:01.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:00.110 --> 00:12:01.250
    • -->
    • Yeah, the Wheatleys had really taken good care of her.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, the Wheatleys had really taken good care of her.
    • -->
    • 00:12:01.250 --> 00:12:03.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:01.250 --> 00:12:03.180
    • -->
    • And they considered her and treated her like a daughter.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And they considered her and treated her like a daughter.
    • -->
    • 00:12:03.180 --> 00:12:06.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:03.180 --> 00:12:06.010
    • -->
    • I mean, the things they did for her from education
    • " data-timeend="">
    • I mean, the things they did for her from education
    • -->
    • 00:12:06.010 --> 00:12:07.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:06.010 --> 00:12:07.270
    • -->
    • to helping her get her book published.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to helping her get her book published.
    • -->
    • 00:12:07.270 --> 00:12:09.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:07.270 --> 00:12:09.110
    • -->
    • And so they freed her
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so they freed her
    • -->
    • 00:12:09.110 --> 00:12:10.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:09.110 --> 00:12:10.250
    • -->
    • and they continued to provide economic support for her.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they continued to provide economic support for her.
    • -->
    • 00:12:10.250 --> 00:12:13.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:10.250 --> 00:12:13.160
    • -->
    • But not long after that both the Wheatleys died.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But not long after that both the Wheatleys died.
    • -->
    • 00:12:13.160 --> 00:12:16.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:13.160 --> 00:12:16.240
    • -->
    • And so the really is on her own now.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so the really is on her own now.
    • -->
    • 00:12:16.240 --> 00:12:18.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:16.240 --> 00:12:18.260
    • -->
    • And she was really not prepared
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she was really not prepared
    • -->
    • 00:12:18.260 --> 00:12:20.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:18.260 --> 00:12:20.280
    • -->
    • for a life outside of where she had been.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for a life outside of where she had been.
    • -->
    • 00:12:20.280 --> 00:12:23.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:20.280 --> 00:12:23.280
    • -->
    • And so on the outside she's trying to make money
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so on the outside she's trying to make money
    • -->
    • 00:12:23.280 --> 00:12:26.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:23.280 --> 00:12:26.290
    • -->
    • and get jobs.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and get jobs.
    • -->
    • 00:12:26.290 --> 00:12:28.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:26.290 --> 00:12:28.150
    • -->
    • And she has some money the Wheatleys have left them.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she has some money the Wheatleys have left them.
    • -->
    • 00:12:28.150 --> 00:12:29.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:28.150 --> 00:12:29.290
    • -->
    • And she meets a guy named John Peters
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she meets a guy named John Peters
    • -->
    • 00:12:29.290 --> 00:12:32.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:29.290 --> 00:12:32.000
    • -->
    • and thinks she loves him and he says he loves her.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and thinks she loves him and he says he loves her.
    • -->
    • 00:12:32.000 --> 00:12:34.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:32.000 --> 00:12:34.060
    • -->
    • She ends up getting married to John Peters.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She ends up getting married to John Peters.
    • -->
    • 00:12:34.060 --> 00:12:36.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:34.060 --> 00:12:36.160
    • -->
    • And he turns out to be a real scoundrel.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And he turns out to be a real scoundrel.
    • -->
    • 00:12:36.160 --> 00:12:38.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:36.160 --> 00:12:38.130
    • -->
    • He took the money she had, he got them in debt,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He took the money she had, he got them in debt,
    • -->
    • 00:12:38.130 --> 00:12:41.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:38.130 --> 00:12:41.020
    • -->
    • he went into debtors' prison.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he went into debtors' prison.
    • -->
    • 00:12:41.020 --> 00:12:42.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:41.020 --> 00:12:42.170
    • -->
    • They had a couple of kids and both of them died young.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They had a couple of kids and both of them died young.
    • -->
    • 00:12:42.170 --> 00:12:45.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:42.170 --> 00:12:45.200
    • -->
    • And she's pregnant again with the third kid
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And she's pregnant again with the third kid
    • -->
    • 00:12:45.200 --> 00:12:47.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:45.200 --> 00:12:47.160
    • -->
    • and he just abandons her, just leaves her.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and he just abandons her, just leaves her.
    • -->
    • 00:12:47.160 --> 00:12:49.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:47.160 --> 00:12:49.160
    • -->
    • And so she doesn't have income, she doesn't have money.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so she doesn't have income, she doesn't have money.
    • -->
    • 00:12:49.160 --> 00:12:52.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:49.160 --> 00:12:52.060
    • -->
    • She's working, she becomes a charwoman
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She's working, she becomes a charwoman
    • -->
    • 00:12:52.060 --> 00:12:54.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:52.060 --> 00:12:54.070
    • -->
    • which means she does any kind of house labor, cleaning,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which means she does any kind of house labor, cleaning,
    • -->
    • 00:12:54.070 --> 00:12:57.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:54.070 --> 00:12:57.140
    • -->
    • laundry, anything she can.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • laundry, anything she can.
    • -->
    • 00:12:57.140 --> 00:12:59.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:57.140 --> 00:12:59.080
    • -->
    • She's living in very, very dire poverty,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She's living in very, very dire poverty,
    • -->
    • 00:12:59.080 --> 00:13:02.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:12:59.080 --> 00:13:02.080
    • -->
    • very difficult conditions.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • very difficult conditions.
    • -->
    • 00:13:02.080 --> 00:13:04.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:02.080 --> 00:13:04.110
    • -->
    • And actually at the age of 31
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And actually at the age of 31
    • -->
    • 00:13:04.110 --> 00:13:06.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:04.110 --> 00:13:06.270
    • -->
    • she ends up dying in that dismal poverty.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she ends up dying in that dismal poverty.
    • -->
    • 00:13:06.270 --> 00:13:10.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:06.270 --> 00:13:10.010
    • -->
    • And her third child, that infant child died
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And her third child, that infant child died
    • -->
    • 00:13:10.010 --> 00:13:12.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:10.010 --> 00:13:12.090
    • -->
    • on the same day she did.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • on the same day she did.
    • -->
    • 00:13:12.090 --> 00:13:13.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:12.090 --> 00:13:13.170
    • -->
    • So it was a very tragic ending to her life.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So it was a very tragic ending to her life.
    • -->
    • 00:13:13.170 --> 00:13:16.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:13.170 --> 00:13:16.010
    • -->
    • And yet she accomplished so much
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And yet she accomplished so much
    • -->
    • 00:13:16.010 --> 00:13:18.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:16.010 --> 00:13:18.090
    • -->
    • in the time that she was here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the time that she was here.
    • -->
    • 00:13:18.090 --> 00:13:19.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:18.090 --> 00:13:19.180
    • -->
    • In fact, one of the unique things about her,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • In fact, one of the unique things about her,
    • -->
    • 00:13:19.180 --> 00:13:21.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:19.180 --> 00:13:21.030
    • -->
    • even though her story was a tragic story
    • " data-timeend="">
    • even though her story was a tragic story
    • -->
    • 00:13:21.030 --> 00:13:23.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:21.030 --> 00:13:23.040
    • -->
    • the way her life ended,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the way her life ended,
    • -->
    • 00:13:23.040 --> 00:13:24.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:23.040 --> 00:13:24.110
    • -->
    • she broke the mold for much of America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she broke the mold for much of America.
    • -->
    • 00:13:24.110 --> 00:13:26.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:24.110 --> 00:13:26.080
    • -->
    • That's right.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That's right.
    • -->
    • 00:13:26.080 --> 00:13:27.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:26.080 --> 00:13:27.140
    • -->
    • In fact, leading up to the Civil War
    • " data-timeend="">
    • In fact, leading up to the Civil War
    • -->
    • 00:13:27.140 --> 00:13:28.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:27.140 --> 00:13:28.200
    • -->
    • the abolitionists used her as an example
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the abolitionists used her as an example
    • -->
    • 00:13:28.200 --> 00:13:30.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:28.200 --> 00:13:30.050
    • -->
    • when many people who were pro-slavery would argue,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • when many people who were pro-slavery would argue,
    • -->
    • 00:13:30.050 --> 00:13:32.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:30.050 --> 00:13:32.160
    • -->
    • "Wait a second, the blacks aren't as smart as the whites."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Wait a second, the blacks aren't as smart as the whites."
    • -->
    • 00:13:32.160 --> 00:13:35.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:32.160 --> 00:13:35.030
    • -->
    • They would point to her
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They would point to her
    • -->
    • 00:13:35.030 --> 00:13:36.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:35.030 --> 00:13:36.110
    • -->
    • as one of the many examples they had.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as one of the many examples they had.
    • -->
    • 00:13:36.110 --> 00:13:37.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:36.110 --> 00:13:37.280
    • -->
    • She really was a leader for abolitionists in that movement
    • " data-timeend="">
    • She really was a leader for abolitionists in that movement
    • -->
    • 00:13:37.280 --> 00:13:41.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:37.280 --> 00:13:41.040
    • -->
    • helping bring equality to America.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • helping bring equality to America.
    • -->
    • 00:13:41.040 --> 00:13:43.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:41.040 --> 00:13:43.070
    • -->
    • What's interesting is that after the Civil War
    • " data-timeend="">
    • What's interesting is that after the Civil War
    • -->
    • 00:13:43.070 --> 00:13:44.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:43.070 --> 00:13:44.250
    • -->
    • her story was largely lost for maybe nearly a hundred years.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • her story was largely lost for maybe nearly a hundred years.
    • -->
    • 00:13:44.250 --> 00:13:48.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:44.250 --> 00:13:48.080
    • -->
    • And only recently people have begin
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And only recently people have begin
    • -->
    • 00:13:48.080 --> 00:13:49.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:48.080 --> 00:13:49.250
    • -->
    • to rediscover her writings and a lot more about who she is.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to rediscover her writings and a lot more about who she is.
    • -->
    • 00:13:49.250 --> 00:13:52.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:49.250 --> 00:13:52.160
    • -->
    • But in the big scheme of things,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But in the big scheme of things,
    • -->
    • 00:13:52.160 --> 00:13:54.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:52.160 --> 00:13:54.020
    • -->
    • she is one of those forgotten heroes from American history,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • she is one of those forgotten heroes from American history,
    • -->
    • 00:13:54.020 --> 00:13:57.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:54.020 --> 00:13:57.140
    • -->
    • although certainly someone like Phyllis Wheatley
    • " data-timeend="">
    • although certainly someone like Phyllis Wheatley
    • -->
    • 00:13:57.140 --> 00:13:59.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:57.140 --> 00:13:59.170
    • -->
    • should be remembered for breaking the mold.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • should be remembered for breaking the mold.
    • -->
    • 00:13:59.170 --> 00:14:01.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:13:59.170 --> 00:14:01.210
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:14:01.210 --> 00:14:04.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:01.210 --> 00:14:04.130
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:14:04.130 --> 00:14:07.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:04.130 --> 00:14:07.150
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:14:11.280 --> 00:14:14.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:11.280 --> 00:14:14.230
    • -->
    • We're in Baltimore, Maryland,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We're in Baltimore, Maryland,
    • -->
    • 00:14:17.100 --> 00:14:18.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:17.100 --> 00:14:18.180
    • -->
    • standing in front of a Francis Scott Key
    • " data-timeend="">
    • standing in front of a Francis Scott Key
    • -->
    • 00:14:18.180 --> 00:14:19.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:18.180 --> 00:14:19.260
    • -->
    • statue and memorial.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • statue and memorial.
    • -->
    • 00:14:19.260 --> 00:14:21.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:19.260 --> 00:14:21.130
    • -->
    • And you see it's fenced off,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And you see it's fenced off,
    • -->
    • 00:14:21.130 --> 00:14:22.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:21.130 --> 00:14:22.290
    • -->
    • and that's actually to protect it because Francis Scott Key,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and that's actually to protect it because Francis Scott Key,
    • -->
    • 00:14:22.290 --> 00:14:25.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:22.290 --> 00:14:25.130
    • -->
    • even though most Americans have no idea who he is,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • even though most Americans have no idea who he is,
    • -->
    • 00:14:25.130 --> 00:14:27.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:25.130 --> 00:14:27.290
    • -->
    • is someone that's kind of become
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is someone that's kind of become
    • -->
    • 00:14:27.290 --> 00:14:29.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:27.290 --> 00:14:29.170
    • -->
    • a villain in modern culture.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • a villain in modern culture.
    • -->
    • 00:14:29.170 --> 00:14:31.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:29.170 --> 00:14:31.040
    • -->
    • Now, what he's famous for
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, what he's famous for
    • -->
    • 00:14:31.040 --> 00:14:32.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:31.040 --> 00:14:32.170
    • -->
    • is being the author of "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is being the author of "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • -->
    • 00:14:32.170 --> 00:14:34.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:32.170 --> 00:14:34.150
    • -->
    • That doesn't seem contentious, doesn't seem like a problem.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That doesn't seem contentious, doesn't seem like a problem.
    • -->
    • 00:14:34.150 --> 00:14:37.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:34.150 --> 00:14:37.000
    • -->
    • Except there's actually four verses.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Except there's actually four verses.
    • -->
    • 00:14:37.000 --> 00:14:39.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:37.000 --> 00:14:39.140
    • -->
    • Most Americans might recognize the first one.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Most Americans might recognize the first one.
    • -->
    • 00:14:39.140 --> 00:14:42.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:39.140 --> 00:14:42.080
    • -->
    • They certainly don't know the second, third, or fourth.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They certainly don't know the second, third, or fourth.
    • -->
    • 00:14:42.080 --> 00:14:43.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:42.080 --> 00:14:43.280
    • -->
    • In the third verse there's actually a line
    • " data-timeend="">
    • In the third verse there's actually a line
    • -->
    • 00:14:43.280 --> 00:14:45.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:43.280 --> 00:14:45.180
    • -->
    • where he mentions a slave.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • where he mentions a slave.
    • -->
    • 00:14:45.180 --> 00:14:47.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:45.180 --> 00:14:47.030
    • -->
    • And that's been so blown out of context and proportion
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that's been so blown out of context and proportion
    • -->
    • 00:14:47.030 --> 00:14:50.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:47.030 --> 00:14:50.020
    • -->
    • that people automatically think,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that people automatically think,
    • -->
    • 00:14:50.020 --> 00:14:51.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:50.020 --> 00:14:51.140
    • -->
    • "Well, then he must have been a racist guy,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Well, then he must have been a racist guy,
    • -->
    • 00:14:51.140 --> 00:14:52.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:51.140 --> 00:14:52.280
    • -->
    • "therefore the anthem's bad, we shouldn't sing it."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "therefore the anthem's bad, we shouldn't sing it."
    • -->
    • 00:14:52.280 --> 00:14:54.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:52.280 --> 00:14:54.270
    • -->
    • The fact that people are accusing him of being a racist
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The fact that people are accusing him of being a racist
    • -->
    • 00:14:54.270 --> 00:14:57.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:54.270 --> 00:14:57.000
    • -->
    • is an incredible irony if you know any of history.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is an incredible irony if you know any of history.
    • -->
    • 00:14:57.000 --> 00:15:00.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:14:57.000 --> 00:15:00.040
    • -->
    • Yeah, Francis Scott Key was a very famous attorney.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, Francis Scott Key was a very famous attorney.
    • -->
    • 00:15:00.040 --> 00:15:03.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:00.040 --> 00:15:03.010
    • -->
    • And as an attorney we have record of him
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And as an attorney we have record of him
    • -->
    • 00:15:03.010 --> 00:15:05.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:03.010 --> 00:15:05.050
    • -->
    • being involved in 105 cases that somehow involved slavery,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • being involved in 105 cases that somehow involved slavery,
    • -->
    • 00:15:05.050 --> 00:15:08.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:05.050 --> 00:15:08.230
    • -->
    • some way, shape, fashion, or form.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • some way, shape, fashion, or form.
    • -->
    • 00:15:08.230 --> 00:15:10.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:08.230 --> 00:15:10.170
    • -->
    • And in 97 of those 105 cases
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And in 97 of those 105 cases
    • -->
    • 00:15:10.170 --> 00:15:13.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:10.170 --> 00:15:13.150
    • -->
    • he took the side of the slave and argued against slavery.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he took the side of the slave and argued against slavery.
    • -->
    • 00:15:13.150 --> 00:15:17.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:13.150 --> 00:15:17.010
    • -->
    • He argued for freedom.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He argued for freedom.
    • -->
    • 00:15:17.010 --> 00:15:18.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:17.010 --> 00:15:18.170
    • -->
    • We can point to about 200 slaves that have their freedom
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We can point to about 200 slaves that have their freedom
    • -->
    • 00:15:18.170 --> 00:15:21.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:18.170 --> 00:15:21.210
    • -->
    • because of what Francis Scott Key did.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because of what Francis Scott Key did.
    • -->
    • 00:15:21.210 --> 00:15:24.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:21.210 --> 00:15:24.000
    • -->
    • On top of that, he argued cases
    • " data-timeend="">
    • On top of that, he argued cases
    • -->
    • 00:15:24.000 --> 00:15:25.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:24.000 --> 00:15:25.220
    • -->
    • in front of the U.S. Supreme Court,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in front of the U.S. Supreme Court,
    • -->
    • 00:15:25.220 --> 00:15:27.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:25.220 --> 00:15:27.000
    • -->
    • and one of them was a very famous case
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and one of them was a very famous case
    • -->
    • 00:15:27.000 --> 00:15:28.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:27.000 --> 00:15:28.110
    • -->
    • called The Antelope Case.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • called The Antelope Case.
    • -->
    • 00:15:28.110 --> 00:15:29.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:28.110 --> 00:15:29.250
    • -->
    • And that's the name of a ship that was carrying slaves,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that's the name of a ship that was carrying slaves,
    • -->
    • 00:15:29.250 --> 00:15:32.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:29.250 --> 00:15:32.150
    • -->
    • a slave-trading ship.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • a slave-trading ship.
    • -->
    • 00:15:32.150 --> 00:15:33.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:32.150 --> 00:15:33.290
    • -->
    • And they were prosecuted and said you can't do that,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And they were prosecuted and said you can't do that,
    • -->
    • 00:15:33.290 --> 00:15:36.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:33.290 --> 00:15:36.150
    • -->
    • slave trade's been banned.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • slave trade's been banned.
    • -->
    • 00:15:36.150 --> 00:15:37.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:36.150 --> 00:15:37.240
    • -->
    • He went a long way in trying to fight slavery.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He went a long way in trying to fight slavery.
    • -->
    • 00:15:37.240 --> 00:15:40.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:37.240 --> 00:15:40.060
    • -->
    • Matter of fact, he's personally responsible
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Matter of fact, he's personally responsible
    • -->
    • 00:15:40.060 --> 00:15:42.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:40.060 --> 00:15:42.120
    • -->
    • for introducing a petition in Congress
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for introducing a petition in Congress
    • -->
    • 00:15:42.120 --> 00:15:44.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:42.120 --> 00:15:44.120
    • -->
    • for the abolition of the slave trade.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for the abolition of the slave trade.
    • -->
    • 00:15:44.120 --> 00:15:46.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:44.120 --> 00:15:46.150
    • -->
    • So for him somehow to be portrayed as racist today
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So for him somehow to be portrayed as racist today
    • -->
    • 00:15:46.150 --> 00:15:50.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:46.150 --> 00:15:50.020
    • -->
    • is not a reflection of what history really was.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is not a reflection of what history really was.
    • -->
    • 00:15:50.020 --> 00:15:52.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:50.020 --> 00:15:52.220
    • -->
    • Now, there is some areas of his life you go,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, there is some areas of his life you go,
    • -->
    • 00:15:52.220 --> 00:15:54.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:52.220 --> 00:15:54.280
    • -->
    • "Okay, now wait a second.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Okay, now wait a second.
    • -->
    • 00:15:54.280 --> 00:15:55.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:54.280 --> 00:15:55.260
    • -->
    • "I'm not sure about that."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I'm not sure about that."
    • -->
    • 00:15:55.260 --> 00:15:57.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:55.260 --> 00:15:57.060
    • -->
    • Actually, he did own slaves at times.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Actually, he did own slaves at times.
    • -->
    • 00:15:57.060 --> 00:15:58.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:57.060 --> 00:15:58.260
    • -->
    • And then he actually does end up freeing slaves
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And then he actually does end up freeing slaves
    • -->
    • 00:15:58.260 --> 00:16:00.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:15:58.260 --> 00:16:00.230
    • -->
    • in his lifetime.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in his lifetime.
    • -->
    • 00:16:00.230 --> 00:16:02.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:00.230 --> 00:16:02.050
    • -->
    • And then the rest of his slaves were freed at his death.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And then the rest of his slaves were freed at his death.
    • -->
    • 00:16:02.050 --> 00:16:03.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:02.050 --> 00:16:03.110
    • -->
    • And there actually is a newspaper
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And there actually is a newspaper
    • -->
    • 00:16:03.110 --> 00:16:04.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:03.110 --> 00:16:04.180
    • -->
    • that does an article on Francis Scott Key.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that does an article on Francis Scott Key.
    • -->
    • 00:16:04.180 --> 00:16:06.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:04.180 --> 00:16:06.100
    • -->
    • And they say, "He's just an N Lawyer."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And they say, "He's just an N Lawyer."
    • -->
    • 00:16:06.100 --> 00:16:09.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:06.100 --> 00:16:09.210
    • -->
    • They said, "That's how we associate this guy."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They said, "That's how we associate this guy."
    • -->
    • 00:16:09.210 --> 00:16:11.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:09.210 --> 00:16:11.270
    • -->
    • Well, if your legacy for the people that know you
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, if your legacy for the people that know you
    • -->
    • 00:16:11.270 --> 00:16:15.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:11.270 --> 00:16:15.160
    • -->
    • or the people that oppose you
    • " data-timeend="">
    • or the people that oppose you
    • -->
    • 00:16:15.160 --> 00:16:17.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:15.160 --> 00:16:17.000
    • -->
    • is that you're always fighting to free the black man,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is that you're always fighting to free the black man,
    • -->
    • 00:16:17.000 --> 00:16:19.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:17.000 --> 00:16:19.070
    • -->
    • you're always fighting for the slave,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • you're always fighting for the slave,
    • -->
    • 00:16:19.070 --> 00:16:20.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:19.070 --> 00:16:20.280
    • -->
    • and they're gonna label you the N Lawyer,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they're gonna label you the N Lawyer,
    • -->
    • 00:16:20.280 --> 00:16:22.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:20.280 --> 00:16:22.240
    • -->
    • that's pretty strong rhetoric.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that's pretty strong rhetoric.
    • -->
    • 00:16:22.240 --> 00:16:24.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:22.240 --> 00:16:24.160
    • -->
    • The vast majority of his life
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The vast majority of his life
    • -->
    • 00:16:24.160 --> 00:16:26.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:24.160 --> 00:16:26.060
    • -->
    • he is fighting on the right side
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he is fighting on the right side
    • -->
    • 00:16:26.060 --> 00:16:27.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:26.060 --> 00:16:27.260
    • -->
    • trying to do the right thing.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • trying to do the right thing.
    • -->
    • 00:16:27.260 --> 00:16:29.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:27.260 --> 00:16:29.180
    • -->
    • And yet today people think this one line
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And yet today people think this one line
    • -->
    • 00:16:29.180 --> 00:16:33.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:29.180 --> 00:16:33.020
    • -->
    • from the third verse of "The Star-Spangled Banner"
    • " data-timeend="">
    • from the third verse of "The Star-Spangled Banner"
    • -->
    • 00:16:33.020 --> 00:16:35.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:33.020 --> 00:16:35.080
    • -->
    • makes him a racist because it does mention the word slave.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • makes him a racist because it does mention the word slave.
    • -->
    • 00:16:35.080 --> 00:16:38.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:35.080 --> 00:16:38.080
    • -->
    • The problem is we don't know the context
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The problem is we don't know the context
    • -->
    • 00:16:38.080 --> 00:16:40.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:38.080 --> 00:16:40.070
    • -->
    • of why he was writing the song and what it's all about.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of why he was writing the song and what it's all about.
    • -->
    • 00:16:40.070 --> 00:16:43.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:40.070 --> 00:16:43.150
    • -->
    • We probably should just go to Fort McHenry
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We probably should just go to Fort McHenry
    • -->
    • 00:16:43.150 --> 00:16:45.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:43.150 --> 00:16:45.040
    • -->
    • and learn the rest of the story.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and learn the rest of the story.
    • -->
    • 00:16:45.040 --> 00:16:46.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:45.040 --> 00:16:46.130
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:16:46.130 --> 00:16:49.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:46.130 --> 00:16:49.080
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:16:51.240 --> 00:16:54.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:51.240 --> 00:16:54.270
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:16:56.170 --> 00:16:59.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:16:56.170 --> 00:16:59.120
    • -->
    • (birds chirping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (birds chirping)
    • -->
    • 00:17:01.090 --> 00:17:04.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:01.090 --> 00:17:04.020
    • -->
    • We're at Fort McHenry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We're at Fort McHenry.
    • -->
    • 00:17:06.290 --> 00:17:08.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:06.290 --> 00:17:08.120
    • -->
    • Fort McHenry is named after James McHenry
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Fort McHenry is named after James McHenry
    • -->
    • 00:17:08.120 --> 00:17:10.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:08.120 --> 00:17:10.240
    • -->
    • who's a signer of the U.S. Constitution.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who's a signer of the U.S. Constitution.
    • -->
    • 00:17:10.240 --> 00:17:13.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:10.240 --> 00:17:13.000
    • -->
    • James was also a famous soldier
    • " data-timeend="">
    • James was also a famous soldier
    • -->
    • 00:17:13.000 --> 00:17:14.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:13.000 --> 00:17:14.190
    • -->
    • in the American War for Independence.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the American War for Independence.
    • -->
    • 00:17:14.190 --> 00:17:16.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:14.190 --> 00:17:16.020
    • -->
    • He actually was on the staff of George Washington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He actually was on the staff of George Washington.
    • -->
    • 00:17:16.020 --> 00:17:18.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:16.020 --> 00:17:18.020
    • -->
    • He was an aide to George Washington.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He was an aide to George Washington.
    • -->
    • 00:17:18.020 --> 00:17:20.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:18.020 --> 00:17:20.100
    • -->
    • After the war when the federal government gets established
    • " data-timeend="">
    • After the war when the federal government gets established
    • -->
    • 00:17:20.100 --> 00:17:22.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:20.100 --> 00:17:22.230
    • -->
    • and President Washington is our first president,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and President Washington is our first president,
    • -->
    • 00:17:22.230 --> 00:17:24.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:22.230 --> 00:17:24.290
    • -->
    • he chooses James McHenry to be his Secretary of War.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he chooses James McHenry to be his Secretary of War.
    • -->
    • 00:17:24.290 --> 00:17:28.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:24.290 --> 00:17:28.030
    • -->
    • Now today we would call that the Secretary of Defense.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now today we would call that the Secretary of Defense.
    • -->
    • 00:17:28.030 --> 00:17:30.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:28.030 --> 00:17:30.070
    • -->
    • But back then it was the Secretary of War.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But back then it was the Secretary of War.
    • -->
    • 00:17:30.070 --> 00:17:32.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:30.070 --> 00:17:32.010
    • -->
    • And then when John Adams becomes president
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And then when John Adams becomes president
    • -->
    • 00:17:32.010 --> 00:17:34.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:32.010 --> 00:17:34.020
    • -->
    • he keeps James McHenry on as the Secretary of War.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he keeps James McHenry on as the Secretary of War.
    • -->
    • 00:17:34.020 --> 00:17:36.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:34.020 --> 00:17:36.220
    • -->
    • So he's a very famous soldier.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So he's a very famous soldier.
    • -->
    • 00:17:36.220 --> 00:17:38.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:36.220 --> 00:17:38.140
    • -->
    • And this fort was named for him
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And this fort was named for him
    • -->
    • 00:17:38.140 --> 00:17:40.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:38.140 --> 00:17:40.090
    • -->
    • as a signer of the Constitution.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as a signer of the Constitution.
    • -->
    • 00:17:40.090 --> 00:17:41.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:40.090 --> 00:17:41.290
    • -->
    • This fort is located in a very strategic place.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • This fort is located in a very strategic place.
    • -->
    • 00:17:41.290 --> 00:17:44.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:41.290 --> 00:17:44.150
    • -->
    • This is the harbor in Baltimore
    • " data-timeend="">
    • This is the harbor in Baltimore
    • -->
    • 00:17:44.150 --> 00:17:46.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:44.150 --> 00:17:46.170
    • -->
    • and anytime you're gonna be in a war,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and anytime you're gonna be in a war,
    • -->
    • 00:17:46.170 --> 00:17:48.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:46.170 --> 00:17:48.060
    • -->
    • any kind of invading nation coming with navies,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • any kind of invading nation coming with navies,
    • -->
    • 00:17:48.060 --> 00:17:50.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:48.060 --> 00:17:50.200
    • -->
    • this is where they want to come,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • this is where they want to come,
    • -->
    • 00:17:50.200 --> 00:17:51.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:50.200 --> 00:17:51.230
    • -->
    • to these ports along the coast.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to these ports along the coast.
    • -->
    • 00:17:51.230 --> 00:17:53.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:51.230 --> 00:17:53.090
    • -->
    • In the War of 1812 the British did target Fort McHenry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • In the War of 1812 the British did target Fort McHenry.
    • -->
    • 00:17:53.090 --> 00:17:56.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:53.090 --> 00:17:56.070
    • -->
    • Except the British didn't go from here to D.C.,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Except the British didn't go from here to D.C.,
    • -->
    • 00:17:56.070 --> 00:17:59.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:56.070 --> 00:17:59.000
    • -->
    • they actually started in D.C. to get here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they actually started in D.C. to get here.
    • -->
    • 00:17:59.000 --> 00:18:01.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:17:59.000 --> 00:18:01.140
    • -->
    • Yeah, they went after the Capital.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, they went after the Capital.
    • -->
    • 00:18:01.140 --> 00:18:02.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:01.140 --> 00:18:02.230
    • -->
    • And when they went after the Capital
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And when they went after the Capital
    • -->
    • 00:18:02.230 --> 00:18:04.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:02.230 --> 00:18:04.060
    • -->
    • they had 10.000 American troops to defend the Capital.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they had 10.000 American troops to defend the Capital.
    • -->
    • 00:18:04.060 --> 00:18:06.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:04.060 --> 00:18:06.290
    • -->
    • The British had 5.000 troops.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The British had 5.000 troops.
    • -->
    • 00:18:06.290 --> 00:18:08.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:06.290 --> 00:18:08.230
    • -->
    • Should be an easy battle.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Should be an easy battle.
    • -->
    • 00:18:08.230 --> 00:18:09.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:08.230 --> 00:18:09.250
    • -->
    • It wasn't.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It wasn't.
    • -->
    • 00:18:09.250 --> 00:18:10.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:09.250 --> 00:18:10.230
    • -->
    • The Americans turned and ran,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The Americans turned and ran,
    • -->
    • 00:18:10.230 --> 00:18:12.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:10.230 --> 00:18:12.140
    • -->
    • and without almost any opposition
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and without almost any opposition
    • -->
    • 00:18:12.140 --> 00:18:15.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:12.140 --> 00:18:15.020
    • -->
    • the British get to march into Washington, D.C.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • the British get to march into Washington, D.C.
    • -->
    • 00:18:15.020 --> 00:18:17.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:15.020 --> 00:18:17.030
    • -->
    • All the American troops are gone.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • All the American troops are gone.
    • -->
    • 00:18:17.030 --> 00:18:18.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:17.030 --> 00:18:18.130
    • -->
    • They burn the White House.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They burn the White House.
    • -->
    • 00:18:18.130 --> 00:18:19.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:18.130 --> 00:18:19.240
    • -->
    • They burn the Capitol.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They burn the Capitol.
    • -->
    • 00:18:19.240 --> 00:18:20.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:19.240 --> 00:18:20.290
    • -->
    • They burn other government buildings.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They burn other government buildings.
    • -->
    • 00:18:20.290 --> 00:18:22.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:20.290 --> 00:18:22.160
    • -->
    • And now that they've taken Washington, D.C.,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And now that they've taken Washington, D.C.,
    • -->
    • 00:18:22.160 --> 00:18:24.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:22.160 --> 00:18:24.070
    • -->
    • they're coming here to Fort McHenry.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they're coming here to Fort McHenry.
    • -->
    • 00:18:24.070 --> 00:18:25.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:24.070 --> 00:18:25.270
    • -->
    • The commander here, Major George Armistead
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The commander here, Major George Armistead
    • -->
    • 00:18:25.270 --> 00:18:28.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:25.270 --> 00:18:28.070
    • -->
    • knows the British are gonna get here at some point in time.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • knows the British are gonna get here at some point in time.
    • -->
    • 00:18:28.070 --> 00:18:30.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:28.070 --> 00:18:30.210
    • -->
    • And he says, "And when they come
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And he says, "And when they come
    • -->
    • 00:18:30.210 --> 00:18:32.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:30.210 --> 00:18:32.060
    • -->
    • "I don't want them to get lost on their way here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I don't want them to get lost on their way here.
    • -->
    • 00:18:32.060 --> 00:18:34.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:32.060 --> 00:18:34.020
    • -->
    • "I want them to know where they're going.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I want them to know where they're going.
    • -->
    • 00:18:34.020 --> 00:18:35.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:34.020 --> 00:18:35.160
    • -->
    • "So I'm gonna have a really big American flag made."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "So I'm gonna have a really big American flag made."
    • -->
    • 00:18:35.160 --> 00:18:38.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:35.160 --> 00:18:38.260
    • -->
    • So he went to Mary Pickersgill who's a famous flag maker
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So he went to Mary Pickersgill who's a famous flag maker
    • -->
    • 00:18:38.260 --> 00:18:41.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:38.260 --> 00:18:41.180
    • -->
    • and he had her make two American flags.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and he had her make two American flags.
    • -->
    • 00:18:41.180 --> 00:18:43.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:41.180 --> 00:18:43.050
    • -->
    • One's called a storm flag that they would fly in storms.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • One's called a storm flag that they would fly in storms.
    • -->
    • 00:18:43.050 --> 00:18:45.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:43.050 --> 00:18:45.220
    • -->
    • That's the size of the one that's flying now.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • That's the size of the one that's flying now.
    • -->
    • 00:18:45.220 --> 00:18:47.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:45.220 --> 00:18:47.260
    • -->
    • But he wanted a giant flag made
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But he wanted a giant flag made
    • -->
    • 00:18:47.260 --> 00:18:49.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:47.260 --> 00:18:49.240
    • -->
    • to make sure the British could see it.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to make sure the British could see it.
    • -->
    • 00:18:49.240 --> 00:18:51.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:49.240 --> 00:18:51.030
    • -->
    • And that one was 30 feet high and 42 feet wide.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that one was 30 feet high and 42 feet wide.
    • -->
    • 00:18:51.030 --> 00:18:53.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:51.030 --> 00:18:53.280
    • -->
    • And that becomes actually the center
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that becomes actually the center
    • -->
    • 00:18:53.280 --> 00:18:55.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:53.280 --> 00:18:55.290
    • -->
    • of "The Star-Spangled Banner" story.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of "The Star-Spangled Banner" story.
    • -->
    • 00:18:55.290 --> 00:18:57.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:55.290 --> 00:18:57.150
    • -->
    • And that's actually the flag on the Smithsonian
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And that's actually the flag on the Smithsonian
    • -->
    • 00:18:57.150 --> 00:18:59.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:57.150 --> 00:18:59.070
    • -->
    • if you ever go to Washington, D.C.,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • if you ever go to Washington, D.C.,
    • -->
    • 00:18:59.070 --> 00:19:00.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:18:59.070 --> 00:19:00.080
    • -->
    • you can see that flag there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • you can see that flag there.
    • -->
    • 00:19:00.080 --> 00:19:02.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:00.080 --> 00:19:02.010
    • -->
    • So as the British were marching from D.C.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So as the British were marching from D.C.
    • -->
    • 00:19:02.010 --> 00:19:03.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:02.010 --> 00:19:03.160
    • -->
    • they actually are capturing many Americans along the way,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they actually are capturing many Americans along the way,
    • -->
    • 00:19:03.160 --> 00:19:05.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:03.160 --> 00:19:05.270
    • -->
    • taking lots of prisoners of war.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • taking lots of prisoners of war.
    • -->
    • 00:19:05.270 --> 00:19:07.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:05.270 --> 00:19:07.190
    • -->
    • There was a guy who was in charge of the negotiation process
    • " data-timeend="">
    • There was a guy who was in charge of the negotiation process
    • -->
    • 00:19:07.190 --> 00:19:10.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:07.190 --> 00:19:10.160
    • -->
    • for American prisoners of war.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for American prisoners of war.
    • -->
    • 00:19:10.160 --> 00:19:11.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:10.160 --> 00:19:11.280
    • -->
    • And as he's going he realized,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And as he's going he realized,
    • -->
    • 00:19:11.280 --> 00:19:13.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:11.280 --> 00:19:13.120
    • -->
    • "I want to take somebody with me.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I want to take somebody with me.
    • -->
    • 00:19:13.120 --> 00:19:14.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:13.120 --> 00:19:14.260
    • -->
    • "Maybe I need some help on this."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "Maybe I need some help on this."
    • -->
    • 00:19:14.260 --> 00:19:16.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:14.260 --> 00:19:16.120
    • -->
    • So Francis Scott Key joins, they end up meeting the British,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So Francis Scott Key joins, they end up meeting the British,
    • -->
    • 00:19:16.120 --> 00:19:19.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:16.120 --> 00:19:19.110
    • -->
    • they get on the ship, they're sailing out,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they get on the ship, they're sailing out,
    • -->
    • 00:19:19.110 --> 00:19:21.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:19.110 --> 00:19:21.060
    • -->
    • and they're working on this negotiation.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they're working on this negotiation.
    • -->
    • 00:19:21.060 --> 00:19:23.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:21.060 --> 00:19:23.080
    • -->
    • And they think it's going well,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And they think it's going well,
    • -->
    • 00:19:23.080 --> 00:19:24.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:23.080 --> 00:19:24.270
    • -->
    • except it's not quite what they had planned.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • except it's not quite what they had planned.
    • -->
    • 00:19:24.270 --> 00:19:27.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:24.270 --> 00:19:27.060
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:19:27.060 --> 00:19:30.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:27.060 --> 00:19:30.010
    • -->
    • The British are about to start the bombardment
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The British are about to start the bombardment
    • -->
    • 00:19:31.230 --> 00:19:33.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:31.230 --> 00:19:33.120
    • -->
    • of Fort McHenry which is directly behind us.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of Fort McHenry which is directly behind us.
    • -->
    • 00:19:33.120 --> 00:19:35.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:33.120 --> 00:19:35.240
    • -->
    • Now, Francis Scott Key's position
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Now, Francis Scott Key's position
    • -->
    • 00:19:35.240 --> 00:19:37.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:35.240 --> 00:19:37.140
    • -->
    • is about eight miles from here on a ship.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is about eight miles from here on a ship.
    • -->
    • 00:19:37.140 --> 00:19:39.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:37.140 --> 00:19:39.260
    • -->
    • So he's not even really seeing the fort
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So he's not even really seeing the fort
    • -->
    • 00:19:39.260 --> 00:19:41.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:39.260 --> 00:19:41.230
    • -->
    • like we might see the fort today.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • like we might see the fort today.
    • -->
    • 00:19:41.230 --> 00:19:43.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:41.230 --> 00:19:43.130
    • -->
    • However, throughout the night
    • " data-timeend="">
    • However, throughout the night
    • -->
    • 00:19:43.130 --> 00:19:44.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:43.130 --> 00:19:44.290
    • -->
    • he does see these bombs bursting in air as it was.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he does see these bombs bursting in air as it was.
    • -->
    • 00:19:44.290 --> 00:19:47.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:44.290 --> 00:19:47.160
    • -->
    • The next morning as he gets up, it has gone silent.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The next morning as he gets up, it has gone silent.
    • -->
    • 00:19:47.160 --> 00:19:50.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:47.160 --> 00:19:50.260
    • -->
    • So the bombing is no longer there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So the bombing is no longer there.
    • -->
    • 00:19:50.260 --> 00:19:52.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:50.260 --> 00:19:52.180
    • -->
    • So one side or the other has stopped this thing.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So one side or the other has stopped this thing.
    • -->
    • 00:19:52.180 --> 00:19:55.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:52.180 --> 00:19:55.100
    • -->
    • And so he grabs a spyglass,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so he grabs a spyglass,
    • -->
    • 00:19:55.100 --> 00:19:57.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:55.100 --> 00:19:57.040
    • -->
    • he crawls up on the side of the ship, he looks.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he crawls up on the side of the ship, he looks.
    • -->
    • 00:19:57.040 --> 00:19:59.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:57.040 --> 00:19:59.220
    • -->
    • And he sees the big flag flying.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And he sees the big flag flying.
    • -->
    • 00:19:59.220 --> 00:20:02.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:19:59.220 --> 00:20:02.000
    • -->
    • And at that point in time all the emotions came out.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And at that point in time all the emotions came out.
    • -->
    • 00:20:02.000 --> 00:20:04.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:02.000 --> 00:20:04.180
    • -->
    • We haven't lost, we still are standing here,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We haven't lost, we still are standing here,
    • -->
    • 00:20:04.180 --> 00:20:06.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:04.180 --> 00:20:06.250
    • -->
    • we'll be able to continue the fight, we've not surrendered.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • we'll be able to continue the fight, we've not surrendered.
    • -->
    • 00:20:06.250 --> 00:20:09.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:06.250 --> 00:20:09.020
    • -->
    • He begins to jot down his thoughts.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He begins to jot down his thoughts.
    • -->
    • 00:20:09.020 --> 00:20:10.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:09.020 --> 00:20:10.200
    • -->
    • Four verses about what he's seen and what he's experienced,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Four verses about what he's seen and what he's experienced,
    • -->
    • 00:20:10.200 --> 00:20:13.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:10.200 --> 00:20:13.110
    • -->
    • what he's felt.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • what he's felt.
    • -->
    • 00:20:13.110 --> 00:20:14.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:13.110 --> 00:20:14.270
    • -->
    • So with "The Star-Spangled Banner" it's kind of fun,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So with "The Star-Spangled Banner" it's kind of fun,
    • -->
    • 00:20:14.270 --> 00:20:16.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:14.270 --> 00:20:16.240
    • -->
    • once you know the story,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • once you know the story,
    • -->
    • 00:20:16.240 --> 00:20:18.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:16.240 --> 00:20:18.010
    • -->
    • to go back and think about the first verse.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to go back and think about the first verse.
    • -->
    • 00:20:18.010 --> 00:20:21.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:18.010 --> 00:20:21.010
    • -->
    • - [Tim] If you think about the actual words to the song
    • " data-timeend="">
    • - [Tim] If you think about the actual words to the song
    • -->
    • 00:20:21.010 --> 00:20:22.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:21.010 --> 00:20:22.270
    • -->
    • in context it makes so much sense
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in context it makes so much sense
    • -->
    • 00:20:22.270 --> 00:20:24.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:22.270 --> 00:20:24.230
    • -->
    • considering what he had seen. ("The Star-Spangled Banner")
    • " data-timeend="">
    • considering what he had seen. ("The Star-Spangled Banner")
    • -->
    • 00:20:24.230 --> 00:20:26.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:24.230 --> 00:20:26.090
    • -->
    • O say can you see, by the dawn's early light,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • O say can you see, by the dawn's early light,
    • -->
    • 00:20:26.090 --> 00:20:29.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:26.090 --> 00:20:29.130
    • -->
    • what so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • what so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming.
    • -->
    • 00:20:29.130 --> 00:20:32.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:29.130 --> 00:20:32.130
    • -->
    • It's like, "Hey fellas, can you see?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It's like, "Hey fellas, can you see?
    • -->
    • 00:20:32.130 --> 00:20:34.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:32.130 --> 00:20:34.130
    • -->
    • "I mean, when we went to bed last night
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "I mean, when we went to bed last night
    • -->
    • 00:20:34.130 --> 00:20:36.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:34.130 --> 00:20:36.000
    • -->
    • "we couldn't see what was happening.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "we couldn't see what was happening.
    • -->
    • 00:20:36.000 --> 00:20:37.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:36.000 --> 00:20:37.220
    • -->
    • "We saw all this going on.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "We saw all this going on.
    • -->
    • 00:20:37.220 --> 00:20:39.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:37.220 --> 00:20:39.040
    • -->
    • "But it's still there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "But it's still there.
    • -->
    • 00:20:39.040 --> 00:20:40.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:39.040 --> 00:20:40.110
    • -->
    • "We can see it by the dawn's early light."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "We can see it by the dawn's early light."
    • -->
    • 00:20:40.110 --> 00:20:41.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:40.110 --> 00:20:41.290
    • -->
    • And explaining it, right?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And explaining it, right?
    • -->
    • 00:20:41.290 --> 00:20:43.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:41.290 --> 00:20:43.050
    • -->
    • If you think about the next line,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • If you think about the next line,
    • -->
    • 00:20:43.050 --> 00:20:44.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:43.050 --> 00:20:44.110
    • -->
    • whose broad stripes and bright stars
    • " data-timeend="">
    • whose broad stripes and bright stars
    • -->
    • 00:20:44.110 --> 00:20:45.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:44.110 --> 00:20:45.270
    • -->
    • through the perilous fight o'er the ramparts we watched
    • " data-timeend="">
    • through the perilous fight o'er the ramparts we watched
    • -->
    • 00:20:45.270 --> 00:20:48.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:45.270 --> 00:20:48.260
    • -->
    • were so gallantly streaming?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • were so gallantly streaming?
    • -->
    • 00:20:48.260 --> 00:20:50.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:48.260 --> 00:20:50.270
    • -->
    • Describing the fight, right?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Describing the fight, right?
    • -->
    • 00:20:50.270 --> 00:20:51.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:50.270 --> 00:20:51.270
    • -->
    • Yeah, it is.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, it is.
    • -->
    • 00:20:51.270 --> 00:20:53.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:51.270 --> 00:20:53.140
    • -->
    • Because, I mean, he looks for it, he's got the spyglass on,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Because, I mean, he looks for it, he's got the spyglass on,
    • -->
    • 00:20:53.140 --> 00:20:55.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:53.140 --> 00:20:55.160
    • -->
    • he sees it, "Hey, the stars and stripes,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he sees it, "Hey, the stars and stripes,
    • -->
    • 00:20:55.160 --> 00:20:57.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:55.160 --> 00:20:57.120
    • -->
    • "they're still there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "they're still there.
    • -->
    • 00:20:57.120 --> 00:20:58.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:57.120 --> 00:20:58.270
    • -->
    • "We've been watching all night through the perilous fight
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "We've been watching all night through the perilous fight
    • -->
    • 00:20:58.270 --> 00:21:00.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:20:58.270 --> 00:21:00.080
    • -->
    • "and they're still there."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "and they're still there."
    • -->
    • 00:21:00.080 --> 00:21:01.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:00.080 --> 00:21:01.160
    • -->
    • - [Tim] Yeah, and then he goes on,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • - [Tim] Yeah, and then he goes on,
    • -->
    • 00:21:01.160 --> 00:21:03.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:01.160 --> 00:21:03.020
    • -->
    • and the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
    • -->
    • 00:21:03.020 --> 00:21:04.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:03.020 --> 00:21:04.270
    • -->
    • gave proof through the night that the flag was still there.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • gave proof through the night that the flag was still there.
    • -->
    • 00:21:04.270 --> 00:21:08.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:04.270 --> 00:21:08.150
    • -->
    • The rocket's red glare, I mean,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The rocket's red glare, I mean,
    • -->
    • 00:21:08.150 --> 00:21:10.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:08.150 --> 00:21:10.080
    • -->
    • when they launched them off the rafts and off the ship
    • " data-timeend="">
    • when they launched them off the rafts and off the ship
    • -->
    • 00:21:10.080 --> 00:21:12.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:10.080 --> 00:21:12.090
    • -->
    • you could see the trail coming in
    • " data-timeend="">
    • you could see the trail coming in
    • -->
    • 00:21:12.090 --> 00:21:14.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:12.090 --> 00:21:14.020
    • -->
    • and trying to set things on fire inside.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and trying to set things on fire inside.
    • -->
    • 00:21:14.020 --> 00:21:15.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:14.020 --> 00:21:15.120
    • -->
    • And the bombs bursting in air,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And the bombs bursting in air,
    • -->
    • 00:21:15.120 --> 00:21:17.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:15.120 --> 00:21:17.060
    • -->
    • those were mortars up to 200 pounds
    • " data-timeend="">
    • those were mortars up to 200 pounds
    • -->
    • 00:21:17.060 --> 00:21:19.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:17.060 --> 00:21:19.000
    • -->
    • that they were setting over the top of the fort
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that they were setting over the top of the fort
    • -->
    • 00:21:19.000 --> 00:21:20.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:19.000 --> 00:21:20.250
    • -->
    • and they'd blow up over the top
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they'd blow up over the top
    • -->
    • 00:21:20.250 --> 00:21:22.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:20.250 --> 00:21:22.000
    • -->
    • and try to get shrapnel down.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and try to get shrapnel down.
    • -->
    • 00:21:22.000 --> 00:21:23.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:22.000 --> 00:21:23.060
    • -->
    • All night long we saw it,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • All night long we saw it,
    • -->
    • 00:21:23.060 --> 00:21:24.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:23.060 --> 00:21:24.120
    • -->
    • so we know the fort's still standing,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • so we know the fort's still standing,
    • -->
    • 00:21:24.120 --> 00:21:25.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:24.120 --> 00:21:25.270
    • -->
    • they haven't surrendered yet.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they haven't surrendered yet.
    • -->
    • 00:21:25.270 --> 00:21:26.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:25.270 --> 00:21:26.260
    • -->
    • And giving affirmation,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And giving affirmation,
    • -->
    • 00:21:26.260 --> 00:21:28.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:26.260 --> 00:21:28.120
    • -->
    • O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
    • " data-timeend="">
    • O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
    • -->
    • 00:21:28.120 --> 00:21:31.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:28.120 --> 00:21:31.100
    • -->
    • o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
    • -->
    • 00:21:31.100 --> 00:21:35.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:31.100 --> 00:21:35.150
    • -->
    • Acknowledging that this thing is still going on
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Acknowledging that this thing is still going on
    • -->
    • 00:21:35.150 --> 00:21:37.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:35.150 --> 00:21:37.170
    • -->
    • and we still have pride in this nation.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and we still have pride in this nation.
    • -->
    • 00:21:37.170 --> 00:21:39.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:37.170 --> 00:21:39.280
    • -->
    • It really is a neat statement,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It really is a neat statement,
    • -->
    • 00:21:39.280 --> 00:21:41.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:39.280 --> 00:21:41.050
    • -->
    • and actually over the next several verses
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and actually over the next several verses
    • -->
    • 00:21:41.050 --> 00:21:42.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:41.050 --> 00:21:42.220
    • -->
    • he even unfolds more of the story,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • he even unfolds more of the story,
    • -->
    • 00:21:42.220 --> 00:21:44.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:42.220 --> 00:21:44.070
    • -->
    • which, if you haven't read all four verses,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which, if you haven't read all four verses,
    • -->
    • 00:21:44.070 --> 00:21:45.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:44.070 --> 00:21:45.190
    • -->
    • go read all four verses.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • go read all four verses.
    • -->
    • 00:21:45.190 --> 00:21:47.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:45.190 --> 00:21:47.080
    • -->
    • It's actually from that fourth verse
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It's actually from that fourth verse
    • -->
    • 00:21:47.080 --> 00:21:48.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:47.080 --> 00:21:48.240
    • -->
    • where many believe that we get our national motto
    • " data-timeend="">
    • where many believe that we get our national motto
    • -->
    • 00:21:48.240 --> 00:21:50.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:48.240 --> 00:21:50.250
    • -->
    • In God We Trust because he says,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • In God We Trust because he says,
    • -->
    • 00:21:50.250 --> 00:21:52.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:50.250 --> 00:21:52.250
    • -->
    • "This be our motto, in God is our trust."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "This be our motto, in God is our trust."
    • -->
    • 00:21:52.250 --> 00:21:55.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:52.250 --> 00:21:55.230
    • -->
    • And what you'll notice if you read all the verses
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And what you'll notice if you read all the verses
    • -->
    • 00:21:55.230 --> 00:21:57.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:55.230 --> 00:21:57.070
    • -->
    • in the third verse it does mention
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the third verse it does mention
    • -->
    • 00:21:57.070 --> 00:21:59.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:57.070 --> 00:21:59.100
    • -->
    • what he largely had seen on British ships
    • " data-timeend="">
    • what he largely had seen on British ships
    • -->
    • 00:21:59.100 --> 00:22:01.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:21:59.100 --> 00:22:01.190
    • -->
    • which were the British oftentimes would capture Americans
    • " data-timeend="">
    • which were the British oftentimes would capture Americans
    • -->
    • 00:22:01.190 --> 00:22:04.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:01.190 --> 00:22:04.150
    • -->
    • and they would impress them, force them into action.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they would impress them, force them into action.
    • -->
    • 00:22:04.150 --> 00:22:06.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:04.150 --> 00:22:06.240
    • -->
    • And this is what they called the hireling and the slave
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And this is what they called the hireling and the slave
    • -->
    • 00:22:06.240 --> 00:22:09.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:06.240 --> 00:22:09.020
    • -->
    • is what Francis Scott Key is referencing in that third verse
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is what Francis Scott Key is referencing in that third verse
    • -->
    • 00:22:09.020 --> 00:22:11.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:09.020 --> 00:22:11.190
    • -->
    • is that actually he's seeing Americans being imprisoned.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is that actually he's seeing Americans being imprisoned.
    • -->
    • 00:22:11.190 --> 00:22:14.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:11.190 --> 00:22:14.060
    • -->
    • So it wasn't even a reference
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So it wasn't even a reference
    • -->
    • 00:22:14.060 --> 00:22:15.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:14.060 --> 00:22:15.280
    • -->
    • to a racial kind of imprisonment
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to a racial kind of imprisonment
    • -->
    • 00:22:15.280 --> 00:22:17.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:15.280 --> 00:22:17.100
    • -->
    • as much as it was one nation to another nation
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as much as it was one nation to another nation
    • -->
    • 00:22:17.100 --> 00:22:19.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:17.100 --> 00:22:19.210
    • -->
    • in this regard.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in this regard.
    • -->
    • 00:22:19.210 --> 00:22:21.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:19.210 --> 00:22:21.050
    • -->
    • But if you read all four verses you get a beautiful picture
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But if you read all four verses you get a beautiful picture
    • -->
    • 00:22:21.050 --> 00:22:23.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:21.050 --> 00:22:23.010
    • -->
    • of what's going on, his sentiment, emotion the next morning.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of what's going on, his sentiment, emotion the next morning.
    • -->
    • 00:22:23.010 --> 00:22:26.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:23.010 --> 00:22:26.040
    • -->
    • It really is pretty telling for what he felt.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • It really is pretty telling for what he felt.
    • -->
    • 00:22:26.040 --> 00:22:28.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:26.040 --> 00:22:28.020
    • -->
    • (light jazz music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (light jazz music)
    • -->
    • 00:22:28.020 --> 00:22:31.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:28.020 --> 00:22:31.000
    • -->
    • So I'm down here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So I'm down here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • -->
    • 00:22:35.260 --> 00:22:38.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:35.260 --> 00:22:38.040
    • -->
    • And I was able to dig up some really cool artifacts
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And I was able to dig up some really cool artifacts
    • -->
    • 00:22:38.040 --> 00:22:40.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:38.040 --> 00:22:40.160
    • -->
    • about Francis Scott Key.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • about Francis Scott Key.
    • -->
    • 00:22:40.160 --> 00:22:42.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:40.160 --> 00:22:42.070
    • -->
    • And I actually have one of his legal briefs right here.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And I actually have one of his legal briefs right here.
    • -->
    • 00:22:42.070 --> 00:22:44.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:42.070 --> 00:22:44.240
    • -->
    • So this is one that he wrote,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So this is one that he wrote,
    • -->
    • 00:22:44.240 --> 00:22:46.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:44.240 --> 00:22:46.120
    • -->
    • talks about going before the Supreme Court.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • talks about going before the Supreme Court.
    • -->
    • 00:22:46.120 --> 00:22:48.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:46.120 --> 00:22:48.190
    • -->
    • And it lays out really his plan of attack.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And it lays out really his plan of attack.
    • -->
    • 00:22:48.190 --> 00:22:51.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:48.190 --> 00:22:51.150
    • -->
    • He held these pages, wrote with it in his own hand.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He held these pages, wrote with it in his own hand.
    • -->
    • 00:22:51.150 --> 00:22:54.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:51.150 --> 00:22:54.260
    • -->
    • And I've also got right here "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And I've also got right here "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • -->
    • 00:22:54.260 --> 00:22:57.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:54.260 --> 00:22:57.040
    • -->
    • So we've got it, the original name right here,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So we've got it, the original name right here,
    • -->
    • 00:22:57.040 --> 00:22:58.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:57.040 --> 00:22:58.290
    • -->
    • "The Defense of Fort McHenry."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • "The Defense of Fort McHenry."
    • -->
    • 00:22:58.290 --> 00:23:01.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:22:58.290 --> 00:23:01.120
    • -->
    • So this is the very first original printing
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So this is the very first original printing
    • -->
    • 00:23:01.120 --> 00:23:04.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:01.120 --> 00:23:04.050
    • -->
    • of what would later become our national anthem.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of what would later become our national anthem.
    • -->
    • 00:23:04.050 --> 00:23:06.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:04.050 --> 00:23:06.100
    • -->
    • But I've also got an entire volume of his poems.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But I've also got an entire volume of his poems.
    • -->
    • 00:23:06.100 --> 00:23:09.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:06.100 --> 00:23:09.190
    • -->
    • A lot of them about his faith.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • A lot of them about his faith.
    • -->
    • 00:23:09.190 --> 00:23:11.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:09.190 --> 00:23:11.090
    • -->
    • So I've actually got it opened up right here
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So I've actually got it opened up right here
    • -->
    • 00:23:11.090 --> 00:23:13.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:11.090 --> 00:23:13.120
    • -->
    • to one about prayer, about why you should pray,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to one about prayer, about why you should pray,
    • -->
    • 00:23:13.120 --> 00:23:15.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:13.120 --> 00:23:15.250
    • -->
    • about what the effects of prayer are.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • about what the effects of prayer are.
    • -->
    • 00:23:15.250 --> 00:23:17.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:15.250 --> 00:23:17.180
    • -->
    • So really deep, really interesting, you know,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So really deep, really interesting, you know,
    • -->
    • 00:23:17.180 --> 00:23:20.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:17.180 --> 00:23:20.010
    • -->
    • poems about Christ, poems about all sorts of aspects
    • " data-timeend="">
    • poems about Christ, poems about all sorts of aspects
    • -->
    • 00:23:20.010 --> 00:23:23.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:20.010 --> 00:23:23.120
    • -->
    • of his Christian life
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of his Christian life
    • -->
    • 00:23:23.120 --> 00:23:24.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:23.120 --> 00:23:24.190
    • -->
    • because that was such an important
    • " data-timeend="">
    • because that was such an important
    • -->
    • 00:23:24.190 --> 00:23:25.250
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:24.190 --> 00:23:25.250
    • -->
    • and significant aspect of his life.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and significant aspect of his life.
    • -->
    • 00:23:25.250 --> 00:23:28.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:25.250 --> 00:23:28.120
    • -->
    • So we've got a lot of interesting artifacts
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So we've got a lot of interesting artifacts
    • -->
    • 00:23:28.120 --> 00:23:30.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:28.120 --> 00:23:30.180
    • -->
    • from Francis Scott Key here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • from Francis Scott Key here in the WallBuilders Collection.
    • -->
    • 00:23:30.180 --> 00:23:33.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:30.180 --> 00:23:33.160
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:23:33.160 --> 00:23:36.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:33.160 --> 00:23:36.110
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:23:39.060 --> 00:23:42.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:39.060 --> 00:23:42.090
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:23:43.140 --> 00:23:46.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:43.140 --> 00:23:46.090
    • -->
    • We're in Georgetown just outside of Washington, D.C.,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We're in Georgetown just outside of Washington, D.C.,
    • -->
    • 00:23:49.040 --> 00:23:51.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:49.040 --> 00:23:51.060
    • -->
    • at the Francis Scott Key Memorial.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • at the Francis Scott Key Memorial.
    • -->
    • 00:23:51.060 --> 00:23:52.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:51.060 --> 00:23:52.230
    • -->
    • And we've talked about Francis Scott Key as an attorney,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And we've talked about Francis Scott Key as an attorney,
    • -->
    • 00:23:52.230 --> 00:23:55.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:52.230 --> 00:23:55.190
    • -->
    • as someone who did "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as someone who did "The Star-Spangled Banner."
    • -->
    • 00:23:55.190 --> 00:23:57.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:55.190 --> 00:23:57.110
    • -->
    • We've talked about his positions on slavery.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • We've talked about his positions on slavery.
    • -->
    • 00:23:57.110 --> 00:23:59.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:57.110 --> 00:23:59.130
    • -->
    • But really a lot of his life's centered
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But really a lot of his life's centered
    • -->
    • 00:23:59.130 --> 00:24:00.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:23:59.130 --> 00:24:00.230
    • -->
    • right here in Georgetown.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • right here in Georgetown.
    • -->
    • 00:24:00.230 --> 00:24:02.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:00.230 --> 00:24:02.060
    • -->
    • And in his life he was always a very strong Christian.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And in his life he was always a very strong Christian.
    • -->
    • 00:24:02.060 --> 00:24:05.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:02.060 --> 00:24:05.130
    • -->
    • He couldn't decide whether he wanted to be an attorney
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He couldn't decide whether he wanted to be an attorney
    • -->
    • 00:24:05.130 --> 00:24:07.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:05.130 --> 00:24:07.160
    • -->
    • or a minister.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • or a minister.
    • -->
    • 00:24:07.160 --> 00:24:08.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:07.160 --> 00:24:08.140
    • -->
    • He was that split over it.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He was that split over it.
    • -->
    • 00:24:08.140 --> 00:24:09.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:08.140 --> 00:24:09.120
    • -->
    • So he chose to be an attorney,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • So he chose to be an attorney,
    • -->
    • 00:24:09.120 --> 00:24:11.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:09.120 --> 00:24:11.060
    • -->
    • but the ministry side was really strong.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • but the ministry side was really strong.
    • -->
    • 00:24:11.060 --> 00:24:12.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:11.060 --> 00:24:12.270
    • -->
    • He actually helped start two seminaries.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He actually helped start two seminaries.
    • -->
    • 00:24:12.270 --> 00:24:14.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:12.270 --> 00:24:14.290
    • -->
    • He was one of the managers of the American Bible Society.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He was one of the managers of the American Bible Society.
    • -->
    • 00:24:14.290 --> 00:24:18.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:14.290 --> 00:24:18.070
    • -->
    • Yeah, there really are so many things in his life
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Yeah, there really are so many things in his life
    • -->
    • 00:24:18.070 --> 00:24:19.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:18.070 --> 00:24:19.170
    • -->
    • that we can look back and celebrate.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that we can look back and celebrate.
    • -->
    • 00:24:19.170 --> 00:24:21.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:19.170 --> 00:24:21.040
    • -->
    • Obviously his faith is something
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Obviously his faith is something
    • -->
    • 00:24:21.040 --> 00:24:22.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:21.040 --> 00:24:22.240
    • -->
    • that was so central in everything he did.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that was so central in everything he did.
    • -->
    • 00:24:22.240 --> 00:24:25.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:22.240 --> 00:24:25.030
    • -->
    • Well, we also can look and see he was someone
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, we also can look and see he was someone
    • -->
    • 00:24:25.030 --> 00:24:26.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:25.030 --> 00:24:26.180
    • -->
    • who fought against slavery much of his life,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who fought against slavery much of his life,
    • -->
    • 00:24:26.180 --> 00:24:28.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:26.180 --> 00:24:28.090
    • -->
    • who actually wanted to see slavery ended in America,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • who actually wanted to see slavery ended in America,
    • -->
    • 00:24:28.090 --> 00:24:30.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:28.090 --> 00:24:30.130
    • -->
    • see the total emancipation of all the slaves.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • see the total emancipation of all the slaves.
    • -->
    • 00:24:30.130 --> 00:24:33.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:30.130 --> 00:24:33.000
    • -->
    • And so as we look at his life,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so as we look at his life,
    • -->
    • 00:24:33.000 --> 00:24:34.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:33.000 --> 00:24:34.150
    • -->
    • a lot of people today still think of him as a villain.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • a lot of people today still think of him as a villain.
    • -->
    • 00:24:34.150 --> 00:24:35.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:34.150 --> 00:24:35.290
    • -->
    • And sadly, the only reason they think of him as a villain
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And sadly, the only reason they think of him as a villain
    • -->
    • 00:24:35.290 --> 00:24:37.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:35.290 --> 00:24:37.210
    • -->
    • is because they don't really know his story.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is because they don't really know his story.
    • -->
    • 00:24:37.210 --> 00:24:39.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:37.210 --> 00:24:39.210
    • -->
    • But that's why we're doing what we do
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But that's why we're doing what we do
    • -->
    • 00:24:39.210 --> 00:24:41.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:39.210 --> 00:24:41.050
    • -->
    • is 'cause we want people to know some of these hidden heroes
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is 'cause we want people to know some of these hidden heroes
    • -->
    • 00:24:41.050 --> 00:24:43.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:41.050 --> 00:24:43.130
    • -->
    • from American history.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • from American history.
    • -->
    • 00:24:43.130 --> 00:24:44.170
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:43.130 --> 00:24:44.170
    • -->
    • (gentle guitar music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (gentle guitar music)
    • -->
    • 00:24:44.170 --> 00:24:47.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:44.170 --> 00:24:47.220
    • -->
    • What's striking to me about
    • " data-timeend="">
    • What's striking to me about
    • -->
    • 00:24:52.070 --> 00:24:53.210
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:52.070 --> 00:24:53.210
    • -->
    • both the story of Francis Scott Key and Phyllis Wheatley
    • " data-timeend="">
    • both the story of Francis Scott Key and Phyllis Wheatley
    • -->
    • 00:24:53.210 --> 00:24:55.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:53.210 --> 00:24:55.200
    • -->
    • is if we were to tell them not in the sense
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is if we were to tell them not in the sense
    • -->
    • 00:24:55.200 --> 00:24:58.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:55.200 --> 00:24:58.260
    • -->
    • of how things happened but in a modern narrative,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of how things happened but in a modern narrative,
    • -->
    • 00:24:58.260 --> 00:25:02.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:24:58.260 --> 00:25:02.040
    • -->
    • Francis Scott Key's a racist
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Francis Scott Key's a racist
    • -->
    • 00:25:02.040 --> 00:25:03.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:02.040 --> 00:25:03.100
    • -->
    • and Phyllis Wheatley's a victim.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and Phyllis Wheatley's a victim.
    • -->
    • 00:25:03.100 --> 00:25:05.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:03.100 --> 00:25:05.030
    • -->
    • And yet, when you look at their story,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And yet, when you look at their story,
    • -->
    • 00:25:05.030 --> 00:25:06.180
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:05.030 --> 00:25:06.180
    • -->
    • they're the furthest thing from that.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • they're the furthest thing from that.
    • -->
    • 00:25:06.180 --> 00:25:08.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:06.180 --> 00:25:08.030
    • -->
    • And this is one of those mentalities
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And this is one of those mentalities
    • -->
    • 00:25:08.030 --> 00:25:09.230
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:08.030 --> 00:25:09.230
    • -->
    • that so often we look back at heroes
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that so often we look back at heroes
    • -->
    • 00:25:09.230 --> 00:25:12.130
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:09.230 --> 00:25:12.130
    • -->
    • that did significant things.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that did significant things.
    • -->
    • 00:25:12.130 --> 00:25:14.040
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:12.130 --> 00:25:14.040
    • -->
    • They didn't view themselves as being amazing,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They didn't view themselves as being amazing,
    • -->
    • 00:25:14.040 --> 00:25:17.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:14.040 --> 00:25:17.070
    • -->
    • and they didn't view themselves as being victims.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and they didn't view themselves as being victims.
    • -->
    • 00:25:17.070 --> 00:25:20.000
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:17.070 --> 00:25:20.000
    • -->
    • They were just living their life.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • They were just living their life.
    • -->
    • 00:25:20.000 --> 00:25:21.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:20.000 --> 00:25:21.220
    • -->
    • But you see the values of culture
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But you see the values of culture
    • -->
    • 00:25:21.220 --> 00:25:23.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:21.220 --> 00:25:23.270
    • -->
    • that shape so much of what they did.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that shape so much of what they did.
    • -->
    • 00:25:23.270 --> 00:25:25.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:23.270 --> 00:25:25.070
    • -->
    • When you look at Francis Scott Key
    • " data-timeend="">
    • When you look at Francis Scott Key
    • -->
    • 00:25:25.070 --> 00:25:26.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:25.070 --> 00:25:26.140
    • -->
    • and the reason he does so much of what he does,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and the reason he does so much of what he does,
    • -->
    • 00:25:26.140 --> 00:25:28.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:26.140 --> 00:25:28.220
    • -->
    • was 'cause of a value system
    • " data-timeend="">
    • was 'cause of a value system
    • -->
    • 00:25:28.220 --> 00:25:30.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:28.220 --> 00:25:30.070
    • -->
    • that believes in the value of individuals and human life.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • that believes in the value of individuals and human life.
    • -->
    • 00:25:30.070 --> 00:25:34.100
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:30.070 --> 00:25:34.100
    • -->
    • And so even though today people want to argue,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And so even though today people want to argue,
    • -->
    • 00:25:34.100 --> 00:25:37.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:34.100 --> 00:25:37.060
    • -->
    • but he didn't always to do everything right.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • but he didn't always to do everything right.
    • -->
    • 00:25:37.060 --> 00:25:39.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:37.060 --> 00:25:39.110
    • -->
    • Well, how silly is that?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Well, how silly is that?
    • -->
    • 00:25:39.110 --> 00:25:41.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:39.110 --> 00:25:41.010
    • -->
    • He must have been human.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • He must have been human.
    • -->
    • 00:25:41.010 --> 00:25:42.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:41.010 --> 00:25:42.080
    • -->
    • But how silly that our modern standard
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But how silly that our modern standard
    • -->
    • 00:25:42.080 --> 00:25:43.280
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:42.080 --> 00:25:43.280
    • -->
    • is if you want perfect
    • " data-timeend="">
    • is if you want perfect
    • -->
    • 00:25:43.280 --> 00:25:46.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:43.280 --> 00:25:46.050
    • -->
    • then we're gonna emphasize your imperfections
    • " data-timeend="">
    • then we're gonna emphasize your imperfections
    • -->
    • 00:25:46.050 --> 00:25:49.270
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:46.050 --> 00:25:49.270
    • -->
    • instead of going, wait a second,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • instead of going, wait a second,
    • -->
    • 00:25:49.270 --> 00:25:51.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:49.270 --> 00:25:51.150
    • -->
    • can God use imperfect people to do great things?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • can God use imperfect people to do great things?
    • -->
    • 00:25:51.150 --> 00:25:53.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:51.150 --> 00:25:53.240
    • -->
    • If yes, He can, then what did you do that was significant?
    • " data-timeend="">
    • If yes, He can, then what did you do that was significant?
    • -->
    • 00:25:53.240 --> 00:25:57.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:53.240 --> 00:25:57.080
    • -->
    • And there's no doubt the impact of Francis Scott Key
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And there's no doubt the impact of Francis Scott Key
    • -->
    • 00:25:57.080 --> 00:26:01.050
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:25:57.080 --> 00:26:01.050
    • -->
    • was something significant for us
    • " data-timeend="">
    • was something significant for us
    • -->
    • 00:26:01.050 --> 00:26:02.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:01.050 --> 00:26:02.200
    • -->
    • as we still to this day will sing the anthem that he wrote.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • as we still to this day will sing the anthem that he wrote.
    • -->
    • 00:26:02.200 --> 00:26:05.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:02.200 --> 00:26:05.260
    • -->
    • Phyllis Wheatley is also a great example
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Phyllis Wheatley is also a great example
    • -->
    • 00:26:05.260 --> 00:26:07.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:05.260 --> 00:26:07.160
    • -->
    • of what can be the American dream.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of what can be the American dream.
    • -->
    • 00:26:07.160 --> 00:26:09.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:07.160 --> 00:26:09.160
    • -->
    • And what she accomplished is incredibly significant,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And what she accomplished is incredibly significant,
    • -->
    • 00:26:09.160 --> 00:26:12.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:09.160 --> 00:26:12.120
    • -->
    • and knowing where she came from
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and knowing where she came from
    • -->
    • 00:26:12.120 --> 00:26:13.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:12.120 --> 00:26:13.260
    • -->
    • and what she experienced and what she must have seen.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and what she experienced and what she must have seen.
    • -->
    • 00:26:13.260 --> 00:26:16.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:13.260 --> 00:26:16.080
    • -->
    • But coming to a land where there's freedom and opportunity.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • But coming to a land where there's freedom and opportunity.
    • -->
    • 00:26:16.080 --> 00:26:18.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:16.080 --> 00:26:18.220
    • -->
    • There's no limit to what you can accomplish,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • There's no limit to what you can accomplish,
    • -->
    • 00:26:18.220 --> 00:26:20.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:18.220 --> 00:26:20.290
    • -->
    • and she is a great example of the American dream.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and she is a great example of the American dream.
    • -->
    • 00:26:20.290 --> 00:26:23.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:20.290 --> 00:26:23.060
    • -->
    • (inspiring music)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (inspiring music)
    • -->
    • 00:26:23.060 --> 00:26:26.010
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:23.060 --> 00:26:26.010
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:26:28.020 --> 00:26:30.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:28.020 --> 00:26:30.030
    • -->
    • - [Narrator] We hope you're enjoying TBN's exclusive series
    • " data-timeend="">
    • - [Narrator] We hope you're enjoying TBN's exclusive series
    • -->
    • 00:26:30.030 --> 00:26:32.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:30.030 --> 00:26:32.200
    • -->
    • America's Hidden History.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • America's Hidden History.
    • -->
    • 00:26:32.200 --> 00:26:34.150
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:32.200 --> 00:26:34.150
    • -->
    • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans
    • -->
    • 00:26:34.150 --> 00:26:37.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:34.150 --> 00:26:37.160
    • -->
    • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
    • -->
    • 00:26:37.160 --> 00:26:40.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:37.160 --> 00:26:40.290
    • -->
    • Right now we want to send you the entire first season
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Right now we want to send you the entire first season
    • -->
    • 00:26:40.290 --> 00:26:43.140
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:40.290 --> 00:26:43.140
    • -->
    • of America's Hidden History as our way of saying thank you
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of America's Hidden History as our way of saying thank you
    • -->
    • 00:26:43.140 --> 00:26:46.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:43.140 --> 00:26:46.060
    • -->
    • for your gift of support
    • " data-timeend="">
    • for your gift of support
    • -->
    • 00:26:46.060 --> 00:26:47.200
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:46.060 --> 00:26:47.200
    • -->
    • to help TBN keep this kind of programming coming.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to help TBN keep this kind of programming coming.
    • -->
    • 00:26:47.200 --> 00:26:49.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:47.200 --> 00:26:49.290
    • -->
    • And if you are able to support TBN's mission
    • " data-timeend="">
    • And if you are able to support TBN's mission
    • -->
    • 00:26:49.290 --> 00:26:52.060
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:49.290 --> 00:26:52.060
    • -->
    • to deliver the message of Jesus with a gracious gift
    • " data-timeend="">
    • to deliver the message of Jesus with a gracious gift
    • -->
    • 00:26:52.060 --> 00:26:55.030
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:52.060 --> 00:26:55.030
    • -->
    • of $180 or more,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of $180 or more,
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    • 00:26:55.030 --> 00:26:56.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:55.030 --> 00:26:56.290
    • -->
    • we'll also send you a large-print study Bible,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • we'll also send you a large-print study Bible,
    • -->
    • 00:26:56.290 --> 00:26:59.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:56.290 --> 00:26:59.080
    • -->
    • The Founder's Bible,
    • " data-timeend="">
    • The Founder's Bible,
    • -->
    • 00:26:59.080 --> 00:27:00.190
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:26:59.080 --> 00:27:00.190
    • -->
    • filled with thousands of illuminating notes.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • filled with thousands of illuminating notes.
    • -->
    • 00:27:00.190 --> 00:27:02.240
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:00.190 --> 00:27:02.240
    • -->
    • You will learn how the Scriptures played
    • " data-timeend="">
    • You will learn how the Scriptures played
    • -->
    • 00:27:02.240 --> 00:27:04.220
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:02.240 --> 00:27:04.220
    • -->
    • such a foundational role
    • " data-timeend="">
    • such a foundational role
    • -->
    • 00:27:04.220 --> 00:27:06.020
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:04.220 --> 00:27:06.020
    • -->
    • in the formation of the United States
    • " data-timeend="">
    • in the formation of the United States
    • -->
    • 00:27:06.020 --> 00:27:07.290
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:06.020 --> 00:27:07.290
    • -->
    • and discover a wealth of information to share with others.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and discover a wealth of information to share with others.
    • -->
    • 00:27:07.290 --> 00:27:10.260
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:07.290 --> 00:27:10.260
    • -->
    • For a short time you can receive all seven episodes
    • " data-timeend="">
    • For a short time you can receive all seven episodes
    • -->
    • 00:27:10.260 --> 00:27:13.110
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:10.260 --> 00:27:13.110
    • -->
    • of America's Hidden History Season One
    • " data-timeend="">
    • of America's Hidden History Season One
    • -->
    • 00:27:13.110 --> 00:27:15.160
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:13.110 --> 00:27:15.160
    • -->
    • and the remarkable Founder's Bible
    • " data-timeend="">
    • and the remarkable Founder's Bible
    • -->
    • 00:27:15.160 --> 00:27:17.090
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:15.160 --> 00:27:17.090
    • -->
    • by helping TBN continue to deliver truth around the world.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • by helping TBN continue to deliver truth around the world.
    • -->
    • 00:27:17.090 --> 00:27:21.080
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:17.090 --> 00:27:21.080
    • -->
    • Call 800-866-2233.
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Call 800-866-2233.
    • -->
    • 00:27:21.080 --> 00:27:24.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:21.080 --> 00:27:24.070
    • -->
    • Or go online to TBN.org/HiddenHistory2
    • " data-timeend="">
    • Or go online to TBN.org/HiddenHistory2
    • -->
    • 00:27:24.070 --> 00:27:29.070
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:24.070 --> 00:27:29.070
    • -->
    • (electronic beeping)
    • " data-timeend="">
    • (electronic beeping)
    • -->
    • 00:27:29.290 --> 00:27:32.120
    • " data-timeend="">
    • 00:27:29.290 --> 00:27:32.120
    • -->
    -->