America's Hidden History | Memorial Day | TBN

America's Hidden History | Memorial Day

Watch America's Hidden History | Memorial Day
May 28, 2018
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Memorial Day

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  • WELCOME TO AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY WHERE WE
  • 00:00:01.290 --> 00:00:03.070
  • UNCOVER EVENTS AND THE PEOPLE WHO SHAPED THEM.
  • 00:00:03.090 --> 00:00:06.050
  • TODAY'S EPISODE CENTERS AROUND MEMORIAL DAY AND
  • 00:00:06.070 --> 00:00:08.110
  • HONORING THE LIVES OF THOSE THAT WERE
  • 00:00:08.130 --> 00:00:10.110
  • SACRIFICED IN AMERICAN WARS.
  • 00:00:10.130 --> 00:00:12.110
  • WE'LL INTRODUCE TO YOU TODAY TWO MEN WHOSE
  • 00:00:12.130 --> 00:00:14.060
  • SURVIVAL STORIES READ KIND OF LIKE AN EPIC FILM
  • 00:00:14.080 --> 00:00:16.220
  • AND OTHER STORIES FILLED WITH SACRIFICE
  • 00:00:16.240 --> 00:00:19.130
  • AND SELFLESSNESS.
  • 00:00:19.150 --> 00:00:21.010
  • THIS IS AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:00:21.030 --> 00:00:23.020
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:00:23.040 --> 00:00:24.230
  • - MODERN HISTORIANS HAVE REVISED, REWRITTEN AND
  • 00:00:24.250 --> 00:00:27.230
  • EVEN DELETED ENTIRE CHAPTERS OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
  • 00:00:27.250 --> 00:00:31.030
  • SO WHAT ARE WE MISSING?
  • 00:00:31.050 --> 00:00:33.080
  • WHAT HAPPENED TO THE HISTORY THAT DIDN'T MAKE
  • 00:00:33.100 --> 00:00:35.090
  • THE BOOKS?
  • 00:00:35.110 --> 00:00:36.260
  • JOIN HISTORIAN DAVID BARTON, TIM BARTON, AND
  • 00:00:36.280 --> 00:00:39.240
  • SPECIAL GUESTS AS THEY UNCOVER THE FACTS SOME
  • 00:00:39.260 --> 00:00:42.160
  • HISTORIANS DON'T WANT YOU TO KNOW.
  • 00:00:42.180 --> 00:00:44.290
  • THIS IS AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:00:45.010 --> 00:00:48.270
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:00:48.290 --> 00:00:52.060
  • - HELLO AND WELCOME TO THE SHOW.
  • 00:00:52.080 --> 00:00:53.090
  • TODAY'S SHOW IS COVERING MEMORIAL DAY, AND
  • 00:00:53.110 --> 00:00:54.240
  • ACTUALLY IN OUR AUDIENCE WE HAVE MANY MEMBERS OF
  • 00:00:54.260 --> 00:00:57.180
  • THE MILITARY, RETIRED MILITARY, AND SOME FAMILY
  • 00:00:57.200 --> 00:01:00.030
  • MEMBERS WHO LOST LOVED ONES.
  • 00:01:00.050 --> 00:01:03.000
  • AND TO DATE, ABOUT
  • 00:01:03.020 --> 00:01:04.090
  • 1.2 MILLION AMERICANS HAVE GIVEN THEIR LIFE FOR THE
  • 00:01:04.110 --> 00:01:06.010
  • CAUSE OF FREEDOM SO THAT YOU AND I CAN ENJOY ALL
  • 00:01:06.030 --> 00:01:08.170
  • THE FREEDOMS AND LIBERTIES WE HAVE HERE
  • 00:01:08.190 --> 00:01:10.010
  • IN AMERICA.
  • 00:01:10.030 --> 00:01:11.090
  • MEMORIAL DAY ACTUALLY HAS ITS ROOTS TRACING BACK
  • 00:01:11.110 --> 00:01:13.160
  • JUST AFTER THE CIVIL WAR, ARLINGTON NATIONAL
  • 00:01:13.180 --> 00:01:16.070
  • CEMETERY IS WHERE IT REALLY BEGAN.
  • 00:01:16.090 --> 00:01:18.280
  • JUST STONE'S SHOW AWAY FROM ARLINGTON NATIONAL
  • 00:01:19.000 --> 00:01:21.080
  • CEMETERY IS THE PENTAGON IS IRONICALLY IS THE
  • 00:01:21.100 --> 00:01:23.060
  • SETTING WHEREON SEPTEMBER 11 ONE OF THE MOST
  • 00:01:23.080 --> 00:01:27.010
  • HORRIFIC EVENTS EVER ON US SOIL HAPPENED WHERE A
  • 00:01:27.030 --> 00:01:29.130
  • PLANE WENT AND CRASHED INTO THE PENTAGON.
  • 00:01:29.150 --> 00:01:31.210
  • WELL, WE HAVE WITH US ON THE SHOW TODAY A SURVIVOR
  • 00:01:31.230 --> 00:01:33.130
  • FROM THAT ATTACK.
  • 00:01:33.150 --> 00:01:34.290
  • HE'S CURRENTLY A TEXAS STATE SENATOR BUT HE'S
  • 00:01:35.010 --> 00:01:36.230
  • RETIRED LIEUTENANT FROM THE ARMY, BRIAN BIRDWELL.
  • 00:01:36.250 --> 00:01:39.170
  • BRIAN, WE ARE PLEASED TO HAVE YOU WITH US ON THE
  • 00:01:39.190 --> 00:01:41.040
  • SHOW TODAY.
  • 00:01:41.060 --> 00:01:41.270
  • THANKS FOR BEING WITH US.
  • 00:01:41.290 --> 00:01:42.230
  • [ APPLAUSE ]
  • 00:01:42.250 --> 00:01:43.210
  • - BRIAN BIRDWELL: THANK YOU.
  • 00:01:43.230 --> 00:01:44.160
  • THANK YOU.
  • 00:01:44.180 --> 00:01:46.210
  • - NOW, BRIAN, YOU HAVE CERTAINLY A LONG
  • 00:01:46.230 --> 00:01:48.270
  • MILITARY CAREER.
  • 00:01:48.290 --> 00:01:50.160
  • I REMEMBER I WAS IN COLLEGE WHEN 911
  • 00:01:50.180 --> 00:01:53.030
  • HAPPENED, BUT FOR YOU THIS IS EVEN A LITTLE
  • 00:01:53.050 --> 00:01:56.020
  • MORE SIGNIFICANT CONSIDERING WHERE YOU
  • 00:01:56.040 --> 00:01:57.260
  • WERE WHEN THIS HAPPENED.
  • 00:01:57.280 --> 00:01:59.080
  • WOULD YOU TELL US SOME OF YOUR STORY?
  • 00:01:59.100 --> 00:02:00.180
  • - SURE.
  • 00:02:00.200 --> 00:02:01.170
  • BE MORE THAN PLEASED TO DO SO.
  • 00:02:01.190 --> 00:02:03.240
  • WE'D WATCHED EVENTS UNFOLD UP IN NEW YORK,
  • 00:02:03.260 --> 00:02:07.010
  • KNEW THAT THIS WAS A SIGNIFICANT DAY IN OUR
  • 00:02:07.030 --> 00:02:09.050
  • NATION'S LIFE.
  • 00:02:09.070 --> 00:02:10.130
  • THERE WAS NO THOUGHT THAT WE WERE NEXT, BUT WE WERE
  • 00:02:10.150 --> 00:02:12.220
  • DOING EXACTLY WHAT EVERYBODY ELSE AROUND THE
  • 00:02:12.240 --> 00:02:14.140
  • COUNTRY WAS DOING IS JUST WATCHING THE TV COVERAGE.
  • 00:02:14.160 --> 00:02:16.260
  • PHONES WERE QUIET.
  • 00:02:16.280 --> 00:02:19.240
  • I'D HAD MY MORNING COKE THAT MORNING AT
  • 00:02:19.260 --> 00:02:21.140
  • ABOUT 7 O'CLOCK.
  • 00:02:21.160 --> 00:02:22.260
  • ABOUT 9:35 I TOLD SANDY AND CHERYL I WAS GOING TO
  • 00:02:22.280 --> 00:02:25.040
  • STEP OUT AND GO TO THE MEN'S RESTROOM.
  • 00:02:25.060 --> 00:02:26.110
  • WHEN I DID, I WALKED THROUGH THE CRASH SITE
  • 00:02:26.130 --> 00:02:28.220
  • WHICH IS AGAIN WHERE THE PLANE WOULD MAKE IMPACT,
  • 00:02:28.240 --> 00:02:31.080
  • WENT THROUGH THAT, TURNED LEFT 4TH QUARTER TO GO TO
  • 00:02:31.100 --> 00:02:34.230
  • THE MEN'S RESTROOM, TAKE CARE OF BUSINESS, CAME
  • 00:02:34.250 --> 00:02:36.140
  • OUT, ABOUT 7 OR 8 STEPS, AND I'M ABOUT TO TURN
  • 00:02:36.160 --> 00:02:39.120
  • RIGHT BACK INTO WHAT CRUMBLES WHEN FLIGHT
  • 00:02:39.140 --> 00:02:44.020
  • 77 MAKES IMPACT.
  • 00:02:44.040 --> 00:02:45.220
  • SO I'M 15 TO 20 YARDS FROM WHERE THE NOSE OF
  • 00:02:45.240 --> 00:02:47.250
  • THAT AIRCRAFT MAKES PENETRATION OF THE BUILDING.
  • 00:02:47.270 --> 00:02:50.220
  • I SHOULD NOT HAVE SURVIVED THE INITIAL
  • 00:02:50.240 --> 00:02:54.060
  • IMPACT, YOU COULD NOT HEAR THE PLANE COMING
  • 00:02:54.080 --> 00:02:56.220
  • BECAUSE ONE, THE PENTAGON IS HUGE, BUT I HEARD THE
  • 00:02:56.240 --> 00:03:02.020
  • IMPACT, THOUGHT BOMB IN THAT NANO SECOND THAT I'M
  • 00:03:02.040 --> 00:03:05.060
  • TAKING MY NEXT STEP RETURNING BACK TO THE
  • 00:03:05.080 --> 00:03:06.240
  • OFFICE, AND THEN THE NEXT NANO SECOND I'M TOSSED
  • 00:03:06.260 --> 00:03:10.040
  • AROUND LIKE A RAG DOLL, SET ABLAZE.
  • 00:03:10.060 --> 00:03:12.080
  • AND I GO FROM A WELL LIT HALLWAY IN CHARGE OF MY
  • 00:03:12.100 --> 00:03:14.150
  • FACULTIES AND MY SURROUNDINGS TO AN
  • 00:03:14.170 --> 00:03:16.250
  • EARTHLY HELL OF FIRE AND CHOKING BLACK SMOKE.
  • 00:03:16.270 --> 00:03:19.060
  • - HOW WERE YOU BURNED?
  • 00:03:19.080 --> 00:03:21.070
  • WHAT WAS IT THAT CAUSED YOU TO CATCH FIRE IN
  • 00:03:21.090 --> 00:03:23.040
  • THIS CASE MAYBE?
  • 00:03:23.060 --> 00:03:24.190
  • - THE 757 EVEN THOUGH THE HIJACKERS HAD FLOWN
  • 00:03:24.210 --> 00:03:27.240
  • IT OUT, TOOK CONTROL OF IT SOMEWHERE OVER WEST
  • 00:03:27.260 --> 00:03:29.220
  • VIRGINIA, IT STILL HAD OVER 3.000 GALLONS STILL
  • 00:03:29.240 --> 00:03:32.180
  • IN IT WHEN IT MAKES IMPACT.
  • 00:03:32.200 --> 00:03:34.270
  • 757 HOLDS ABOUT 5.000 GALLONS.
  • 00:03:34.290 --> 00:03:36.280
  • IT'S GOT ABOUT 3.000 STILL IN IT WHEN IT
  • 00:03:37.000 --> 00:03:39.100
  • MAKES IMPACT.
  • 00:03:39.120 --> 00:03:41.060
  • SO THE JET FUEL IGNITES, I'M SET ABLAZE.
  • 00:03:41.080 --> 00:03:47.290
  • YOU'VE GOT AN 80 TON BOMB THAT'S MADE PENETRATION
  • 00:03:48.010 --> 00:03:50.140
  • OF THE BUILDING.
  • 00:03:50.160 --> 00:03:51.230
  • IT MAKES IMPACT AT 530 MILES AN HOUR.
  • 00:03:51.250 --> 00:03:54.180
  • AND IN THOSE MOMENTS THE PANIC THAT GRIPS YOUR
  • 00:03:54.200 --> 00:03:57.160
  • HEART WHEN YOU REALIZE YOU'RE DYING THAT DEATH
  • 00:03:57.180 --> 00:04:00.170
  • AND THERE'S NO WAY TO ESCAPE IT, THAT IS FAR
  • 00:04:00.190 --> 00:04:03.260
  • MORE AGONIZING THAN THE PHYSICAL PAIN OF ACTUALLY
  • 00:04:03.280 --> 00:04:07.010
  • BEING BURNED.
  • 00:04:07.030 --> 00:04:08.160
  • I THOUGHT ABOUT MEL AND MATT THAT MORNING AND HOW I'D SAID
  • 00:04:08.180 --> 00:04:11.030
  • GOODBYE THAT MORNING, AND THAT THE NEXT TIME I'D
  • 00:04:11.050 --> 00:04:13.070
  • GET TO SPEAK WITH THEM OR SEE THEM WOULD BE
  • 00:04:13.090 --> 00:04:14.200
  • IN ETERNITY.
  • 00:04:14.220 --> 00:04:16.030
  • - MEL IS YOUR WIFE?
  • 00:04:16.050 --> 00:04:17.280
  • - MEL IS MY WIFE.
  • 00:04:18.000 --> 00:04:19.090
  • MY COMMANDING GENERAL.
  • 00:04:19.110 --> 00:04:20.230
  • [ LAUGHTER ]
  • 00:04:20.250 --> 00:04:23.130
  • OUR SON MATT WAS 12 AT THE TIME.
  • 00:04:23.150 --> 00:04:25.130
  • THERE ARE A NUMBER OF PEOPLE AND PLACES THAT
  • 00:04:25.150 --> 00:04:28.230
  • THE LORD BROUGHT INTO MY LIFE THAT HIS SOVEREIGNTY
  • 00:04:28.250 --> 00:04:33.100
  • IS WHAT ALLOWED ME TO LIVE.
  • 00:04:33.120 --> 00:04:35.060
  • I MEAN, IT'S SOMETHING OF A HUMOROUS STORY
  • 00:04:35.080 --> 00:04:37.210
  • PARTICULARLY WITH THE VETERANS THAT ARE IN THE
  • 00:04:37.230 --> 00:04:41.080
  • AUDIENCE THAT MAY HAVE A PURPLE HEART AS WELL.
  • 00:04:41.100 --> 00:04:43.170
  • WHEN PEOPLE ASK, WHAT WERE YOU DOING WHEN YOU
  • 00:04:43.190 --> 00:04:46.030
  • GOT YOUR PURPLE HEART, YOU KNOW, I WAS COMING
  • 00:04:46.050 --> 00:04:48.090
  • OUT OF THE MEN'S RESTROOM, YOU KNOW.
  • 00:04:48.110 --> 00:04:49.220
  • THAT'S JUST NOT VERY SEXY WITH GUYS THAT HAVE
  • 00:04:49.240 --> 00:04:51.170
  • CLEARED BUILDINGS IN FALUSIA.
  • 00:04:51.190 --> 00:04:53.130
  • [ LAUGHTER ]
  • 00:04:53.150 --> 00:04:55.000
  • - HEARING YOUR STORY, RIGHT, KNOWING SOME
  • 00:04:55.020 --> 00:04:57.150
  • DETAILS BEHIND IT THAT YOUR NAME SHOULD BE ON A
  • 00:04:57.170 --> 00:05:00.200
  • WALL LIKE SO MANY OTHERS.
  • 00:05:00.220 --> 00:05:02.160
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:05:02.180 --> 00:05:03.170
  • THE PENTAGON MEMORIAL.
  • 00:05:03.190 --> 00:05:04.190
  • YEAH.
  • 00:05:04.210 --> 00:05:05.280
  • THERE'S THREE THAT I KNOW.
  • 00:05:06.000 --> 00:05:09.020
  • HOW GOD'S KEPT YOU YOUR CAALIVE FOR A PURPOSE?AT,
  • 00:05:09.040 --> 00:05:14.020
  • - YEAH, IT WAS THE LORD PUTTING THE RIGHT PEOPLE
  • 00:05:14.040 --> 00:05:17.220
  • IN THE RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME WITH THE RIGHT
  • 00:05:17.240 --> 00:05:19.240
  • SOMETIMES EQUIPMENT.
  • 00:05:19.260 --> 00:05:21.150
  • I WOULD GIVE JUST A COUPLE OF EXAMPLES.
  • 00:05:21.170 --> 00:05:25.170
  • IN THE BUILDING THERE WERE FOUR MEN, BILL
  • 00:05:25.190 --> 00:05:27.250
  • MCKENNON, ROY WALLACE, JOHN DAVIES, AND CHUCK
  • 00:05:27.270 --> 00:05:29.230
  • KNOBLAUCH THAT COME OUT THE B-RING DOORS.
  • 00:05:29.250 --> 00:05:32.080
  • HAD THEY NOT COME OUT OF THAT AREA AND GRABBED ME
  • 00:05:32.100 --> 00:05:36.260
  • WHICH WAS IN ITSELF AGONIZING, THEN WHEN THEY
  • 00:05:36.280 --> 00:05:39.260
  • TAKE ME THROUGH THE B-RING DOOR INTO AN A-RING
  • 00:05:39.280 --> 00:05:43.060
  • ACCESS DOOR AREA TO WHAT WOULD ESSENTIALLY BE A
  • 00:05:43.080 --> 00:05:47.250
  • HASTY TRIAGE SITE, AN AIR FORCE DOCTOR NAMED JOHN BAXTER
  • 00:05:47.270 --> 00:05:51.020
  • WAS EVACUATING THE BUILDING, HAD US GO BACK
  • 00:05:51.040 --> 00:05:54.110
  • WITH HIM.
  • 00:05:54.130 --> 00:05:55.200
  • THERE'S A WONDERFUL LADY FROM THE NAVY, NATALIE
  • 00:05:55.220 --> 00:05:57.250
  • OGLETREE THAT WILL KNEEL DOWN BESIDE ME AND JUST
  • 00:05:57.270 --> 00:06:00.140
  • SAY THE LORD'S PRAYER, THE 23RD PSALM WITH ME.
  • 00:06:00.160 --> 00:06:02.090
  • SHE'LL SAY THE 91ST PSALM OVER ME.
  • 00:06:02.110 --> 00:06:04.280
  • DOCTOR BAXTER WILL TAKE MY SHOES OFF AND THE REMNANT
  • 00:06:05.000 --> 00:06:08.290
  • OF THE SOCKS LEFT UNDERNEATH THE LEATHER
  • 00:06:09.010 --> 00:06:11.110
  • SHOES BECAUSE EVERYTHING ABOVE THAT IS MOSTLY
  • 00:06:11.130 --> 00:06:14.060
  • BURNED AWAY.
  • 00:06:14.080 --> 00:06:15.060
  • MY LEATHER BELT IS STILL INTACT.
  • 00:06:15.080 --> 00:06:17.060
  • I'M EITHER COVERED IN BLOOD OR CHARRED.
  • 00:06:17.080 --> 00:06:19.150
  • HE'LL PUT THE MORPHINE IN THE RIGHT FOOT, THE IV IN
  • 00:06:19.170 --> 00:06:22.000
  • THE LEFT FOOT, EVENTUALLY TAKEN TO GEORGETOWN.
  • 00:06:22.020 --> 00:06:24.220
  • AND THIS IS THE ONE THAT IS MOST SEMINOLE
  • 00:06:24.240 --> 00:06:27.210
  • IS WHOSE AT GEORGETOWN.
  • 00:06:27.230 --> 00:06:29.150
  • WHEN I ARRIVE AT GEORGETOWN, NOTHING IS FLYING
  • 00:06:29.170 --> 00:06:33.050
  • AND WON'T FLY FOR A NUMBER OF HOURS.
  • 00:06:33.070 --> 00:06:36.080
  • WHEN I'M WHEELED INSIDE, THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN
  • 00:06:36.100 --> 00:06:39.190
  • -- AND GEORGETOWN'S UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL IS
  • 00:06:39.210 --> 00:06:41.130
  • PRIMARILY A TEACHING HOSPITAL, BUT THE
  • 00:06:41.150 --> 00:06:43.270
  • ATTENDING PHYSICIAN IS DOCTOR MICHAEL WILLIAMS.
  • 00:06:43.290 --> 00:06:46.090
  • AND DOCTOR WILLIAMS BEFORE HIS ASSIGNMENT
  • 00:06:46.110 --> 00:06:48.220
  • THERE SPENT TWO YEARS IN A TRAUMA FELLOWSHIP OVER AT
  • 00:06:48.240 --> 00:06:52.050
  • THE WASHINGTON HOSPITAL CENTER UNDER THE
  • 00:06:52.070 --> 00:06:54.170
  • DIRECTION OF MARION JORDAN AND JAMES JANK,
  • 00:06:54.190 --> 00:06:57.250
  • MARION JORDAN THE DIRECTOR OF THE BURN
  • 00:06:57.270 --> 00:06:59.150
  • CENTER, AND DOCTOR JANK IS CHIEF DEPUTY AND CHIEF
  • 00:06:59.170 --> 00:07:01.190
  • OF RESEARCH.
  • 00:07:01.210 --> 00:07:03.170
  • SO FROM THE EMERGENCY ROOM PERSPECTIVE OF ALL
  • 00:07:03.190 --> 00:07:05.290
  • THE EMERGENCY ROOMS IN DC, ARLINGTON AND
  • 00:07:06.010 --> 00:07:08.140
  • FAIRFAX, WALTER REED AND THE LIKE, I'VE GOT THE
  • 00:07:08.160 --> 00:07:12.240
  • THIRD BEST BURN DOCTOR AVAILABLE TO ME.
  • 00:07:12.260 --> 00:07:16.030
  • AND THAT'S THE LORD'S PROVIDENTIAL HAND BECAUSE
  • 00:07:16.050 --> 00:07:18.160
  • NORMALLY IN A BURN CENTER OR IN AN EMERGENCY ROOM
  • 00:07:18.180 --> 00:07:21.230
  • IT'S AIRWAY, BREATHING, CIRCULATION, ONCE THOSE THREE
  • 00:07:21.250 --> 00:07:25.130
  • ARE STABILIZED YOU'RE EVACUATED TO
  • 00:07:25.150 --> 00:07:27.210
  • SPECIALIZED CARE.
  • 00:07:27.230 --> 00:07:29.010
  • BUT I'M NOT GOING ANYWHERE BECAUSE DC AS A
  • 00:07:29.030 --> 00:07:33.100
  • CITY IS BEING CLOSED.
  • 00:07:33.120 --> 00:07:35.100
  • NO MEDIVAC HELICOPTERS ARE GOING TO FLY UNTIL
  • 00:07:35.120 --> 00:07:37.240
  • ABOUT 5 O'CLOCK THAT AFTERNOON, SO DOCTOR
  • 00:07:37.260 --> 00:07:40.140
  • WILLIAMS AND -AND THEY EXPECT MORE CASUALTIES.
  • 00:07:40.160 --> 00:07:44.070
  • I'M THE ONLY ONE THAT ARRIVES.
  • 00:07:44.090 --> 00:07:46.270
  • I HAVE THAT ENTIRE HOSPITAL'S
  • 00:07:46.290 --> 00:07:48.190
  • UNDIVIDED ATTENTION.
  • 00:07:48.210 --> 00:07:51.000
  • AND SO DOCTOR WILLIAMS NOT ONLY DOES THE
  • 00:07:51.020 --> 00:07:54.190
  • EMERGENCY ROOM ASPECTS OF MY INJURIES, BUT HE ALSO
  • 00:07:54.210 --> 00:07:59.240
  • BEGINS THE VERY BRUTAL THINGS THAT HAVE TO BE
  • 00:07:59.260 --> 00:08:01.240
  • DONE BECAUSE HE LEARNED UNDER ONE OF THE BEST IN
  • 00:08:01.260 --> 00:08:04.220
  • THE WORLD AND CERTAINLY IN ANY VIEW THE BEST IN
  • 00:08:04.240 --> 00:08:08.190
  • THIS NATION, DOCTOR JORDAN, OF WHAT HAS TO BE
  • 00:08:08.210 --> 00:08:11.250
  • DONE TO THAT BURN SURVIVOR.
  • 00:08:11.270 --> 00:08:13.270
  • THAT EMERGENCY ROOM EXPERIENCE IS SOMETHING
  • 00:08:13.290 --> 00:08:17.030
  • THAT YOU WILL NEVER FORGET.
  • 00:08:17.050 --> 00:08:19.060
  • IT'S ONE OF THE MOST EMOTIONAL THINGS THAT
  • 00:08:19.080 --> 00:08:21.240
  • WHEN I RECALL IT GETTING WHEELED IN, AND MY EYES
  • 00:08:21.260 --> 00:08:25.280
  • ARE NEARLY CLOSED.
  • 00:08:26.000 --> 00:08:27.140
  • DOCTOR WILLIAMS COMES TO THE LEFT-HAND SIDE, AND I
  • 00:08:27.160 --> 00:08:31.020
  • CAN SEE IN HIS EYES THE NATURE OF HOW SERIOUS
  • 00:08:31.040 --> 00:08:33.100
  • THIS IS BECAUSE I KNEW THAT I COULD BE VERY WELL
  • 00:08:33.120 --> 00:08:37.000
  • SPEAKING MY LAST WORDS, AND I'D BEEN THINKING
  • 00:08:37.020 --> 00:08:38.270
  • ABOUT THAT ON THE DRIVE OVER IN THE BACK OF THAT
  • 00:08:38.290 --> 00:08:42.080
  • FORD, AND DOCTOR WILLIAMS SAYS, YOU KNOW, COLONEL
  • 00:08:42.100 --> 00:08:46.170
  • BIRDWELL, WE'RE GOING TO DO THE BEST THAT WE
  • 00:08:46.190 --> 00:08:48.010
  • POSSIBLY CAN FOR YOU.
  • 00:08:48.030 --> 00:08:49.280
  • AND THEY TALKED ABOUT CUTTING THE WEDDING RING
  • 00:08:50.000 --> 00:08:51.210
  • OFF, BUT I DIDN'T WANT IT CUT OFF.
  • 00:08:51.230 --> 00:08:54.230
  • SO WHEN I TURNED TO DOCTOR WILLIAMS AFTER HE
  • 00:08:54.250 --> 00:08:56.110
  • TELLS ME WHO HE IS AND WHAT HE'S GOING TO DO, I
  • 00:08:56.130 --> 00:09:00.140
  • TOLD HIM I WANTED TO TAKE THE WEDDING RING OFF AND
  • 00:09:00.160 --> 00:09:03.070
  • GIVE IT TO MEL AND TELL HER THAT I LOVED HER.
  • 00:09:03.090 --> 00:09:05.120
  • AND JUDITH ROGERS, ONE OF THE NURSES THAT HAD
  • 00:09:05.140 --> 00:09:08.000
  • ANSWERED ONE OF THE ALL HANDS ON DECK CALL,
  • 00:09:08.020 --> 00:09:10.080
  • JUDITH REACHES THE RING, AND THE BODY IS LIKE THAT
  • 00:09:10.100 --> 00:09:13.120
  • STEAK THAT YOU COOK ON THE GRILL, TENDER WHEN
  • 00:09:13.140 --> 00:09:17.020
  • IT COMES OFF BUT AS IT COOLS AND SITS THERE,
  • 00:09:17.040 --> 00:09:20.280
  • IT HARDENS.
  • 00:09:21.000 --> 00:09:22.140
  • AND THE BODY MELTS LONG BEFORE GOLD DOES, SO PART
  • 00:09:22.160 --> 00:09:25.040
  • OF THE FLESH OF THE FINGER HAD ADHERED
  • 00:09:25.060 --> 00:09:29.050
  • TO THE RING.
  • 00:09:29.070 --> 00:09:30.290
  • AND JUDITH GRABS IT WITH HER GLOVED HAND AND
  • 00:09:31.010 --> 00:09:33.220
  • GIVES IT A SLIGHT TUG, AND IT JUST -THE GLOVES,
  • 00:09:33.240 --> 00:09:36.070
  • THE FINGER, BLOOD BEGINS STREAMING OUT OF THE BASE
  • 00:09:36.090 --> 00:09:39.030
  • OF MY HAND.
  • 00:09:39.050 --> 00:09:40.150
  • JOHN COLLISON, MAJOR COLLISON HAD ACCOMPANIED ME IN THE
  • 00:09:40.170 --> 00:09:43.140
  • BACK OF THAT FORD, AND I LOOKED AT JOHN VERY
  • 00:09:43.160 --> 00:09:47.240
  • DELIBERATELY AND SAID, GIVE THAT TO MEL AND TELL
  • 00:09:47.260 --> 00:09:50.030
  • HER THAT I LOVED HER, BECAUSE I WAS SAYING
  • 00:09:50.050 --> 00:09:51.220
  • GOODBYE TO MY WIFE AND MY SON THROUGH THE SYMBOLISM
  • 00:09:51.240 --> 00:09:54.190
  • OF THAT RING.
  • 00:09:54.210 --> 00:09:56.220
  • AND THEN THE HOSPITAL CHAPLAIN, I'D ASKED FOR
  • 00:09:56.240 --> 00:09:58.090
  • THE HOSPITAL CHAPLAIN TO COME TO THE SIDE AND, SHE
  • 00:09:58.110 --> 00:10:02.040
  • JUST LED THAT PRAYER THAT RECOGNIZED THAT OKAY,
  • 00:10:02.060 --> 00:10:05.100
  • LORD, IF YOU'VE BROUGHT BRIAN HERE UNDER THE
  • 00:10:05.120 --> 00:10:07.260
  • DIRECTION OF DOCTOR WILLIAMS AND THE TEAM
  • 00:10:07.280 --> 00:10:10.100
  • HERE AT GEORGETOWN AND HE SURVIVES, WE'LL SALUTE
  • 00:10:10.120 --> 00:10:12.220
  • THAT FLAG AND WE'LL MOVE OUT WITH THAT MISSION.
  • 00:10:12.240 --> 00:10:15.120
  • BUT IF YOU'VE BROUGHT HIM HERE TO QUIETLY CALL HIM
  • 00:10:15.140 --> 00:10:19.020
  • INTO ETERNITY UNDER THE PEACE AND THE QUIET AND
  • 00:10:19.040 --> 00:10:22.210
  • THE COMFORT OF HIS FELLOW AMERICANS, WE'LL SALUTE
  • 00:10:22.230 --> 00:10:25.260
  • THAT FLAG, TOO.
  • 00:10:25.280 --> 00:10:28.000
  • WHEN THAT PRAYER WAS OVER WITH, IT WAS NOT WITH THE
  • 00:10:28.020 --> 00:10:29.290
  • STRENGTH OF A SOLDIER BUT OF MY FAITH IN CHRIST
  • 00:10:30.010 --> 00:10:33.030
  • THAT I COULD LOOK AT DOCTOR WILLIAMS AND SAY,
  • 00:10:33.050 --> 00:10:34.270
  • LET'S GET ON WITH IT.
  • 00:10:34.290 --> 00:10:38.000
  • AND IT'S AS VIVID TO ME TODAY AS IT WAS IN THOSE
  • 00:10:38.020 --> 00:10:39.090
  • MOMENTS WHEN THEY PLACED THAT MASK OVER MY FACE
  • 00:10:39.110 --> 00:10:42.150
  • CAN THE CANULES, TILTED MY HEAD BACK, AND WOULD
  • 00:10:42.170 --> 00:10:45.090
  • BE THE BEGINNING OF A VERY AGONIZING 4 YEAR
  • 00:10:45.110 --> 00:10:50.060
  • PROCESS TO BE MEDICALLY PUT BACK TOGETHER.
  • 00:10:50.080 --> 00:10:52.230
  • THE LORD PUT THE RIGHT PEOPLE IN THE RIGHT TIME
  • 00:10:52.250 --> 00:10:55.000
  • IN THE RIGHT PLACE TO FULFILL HIS PURPOSES.
  • 00:10:55.020 --> 00:10:57.050
  • - THERE'S AN IMAGE WHERE PRESIDENT BUSH GOES AND
  • 00:10:57.070 --> 00:10:59.210
  • VISITS SOMEONE IN THE HOSPITAL.
  • 00:10:59.230 --> 00:11:01.220
  • AT THE TIME WE HAD NO IDEA WHO IT WAS, AND
  • 00:11:01.240 --> 00:11:03.010
  • ACTUALLY TO THIS DAY IF WE DIDN'T KNOW IT WAS
  • 00:11:03.030 --> 00:11:06.130
  • YOU, WE MIGHT NOT KNOW IT WAS YOU BECAUSE YOU WERE
  • 00:11:06.150 --> 00:11:10.130
  • COMPLETELY COVERED.
  • 00:11:10.150 --> 00:11:12.130
  • I THINK I'VE HEARD YOU SAY YOU WERE MUMMIFIED.
  • 00:11:12.150 --> 00:11:14.010
  • - MUMMIFIED, THE AMOUNT OF BANDAGING AND THE
  • 00:11:14.030 --> 00:11:16.200
  • LIKE IS, YEAH.
  • 00:11:16.220 --> 00:11:18.140
  • - DO YOU HAVE ANY RECOLLECTION OF THE
  • 00:11:18.160 --> 00:11:19.220
  • PRESIDENT COMING TO VISIT YOU?
  • 00:11:19.240 --> 00:11:21.040
  • - NO.
  • 00:11:21.060 --> 00:11:23.030
  • I CAN TELL THE STORY BECAUSE MEL HAS TOLD
  • 00:11:23.050 --> 00:11:25.030
  • IT TO ME.
  • 00:11:25.050 --> 00:11:27.110
  • SO I'M PLEASED TO TELL IT.
  • 00:11:27.130 --> 00:11:28.190
  • IT'S A REALLY NEAT STORY.
  • 00:11:28.210 --> 00:11:30.250
  • OBVIOUSLY MEL AND I HAD CELL PHONES AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:11:30.270 --> 00:11:35.040
  • SHE HAD HER CELL PHONE.
  • 00:11:35.060 --> 00:11:37.140
  • SHE GETS A CALL FROM A 202 AREA CODE WHICH IS DC
  • 00:11:37.160 --> 00:11:40.250
  • THAT MORNING AT ABOUT 8 O'CLOCK THAT MORNING.
  • 00:11:40.270 --> 00:11:43.210
  • SHE'S LIKE, I DON'T KNOW WHO THIS IS, BUT I GUESS
  • 00:11:43.230 --> 00:11:45.050
  • I BETTER ANSWER IT.
  • 00:11:45.070 --> 00:11:46.230
  • AND ON THE OTHER END IT'S,
  • 00:11:46.250 --> 00:11:48.060
  • "MRS. BIRDWELL?"
  • 00:11:48.080 --> 00:11:49.030
  • "YES."
  • 00:11:49.050 --> 00:11:50.090
  • "THIS IS AGENT SMITH FROM THE SECRET SERVICE.
  • 00:11:50.110 --> 00:11:51.290
  • PRESIDENT AND MRS. BUSH WOULD LIKE PERMISSION TO
  • 00:11:52.010 --> 00:11:54.090
  • VISIT YOU AND YOUR HUSBAND AT THE WASHINGTON
  • 00:11:54.110 --> 00:11:57.000
  • HOSPITAL CENTER THIS MORNING."
  • 00:11:57.020 --> 00:11:58.120
  • AND ANYBODY THAT GETS A CALL FROM THE SECRET
  • 00:11:58.140 --> 00:12:02.020
  • SERVICE ON BEHALF OF THE PRESIDENT, YOU KNOW,
  • 00:12:02.040 --> 00:12:04.150
  • THERE'S A CERTAIN WAY YOU RESPOND.
  • 00:12:04.170 --> 00:12:07.030
  • AND MEL RESPONDED THAT WAY.
  • 00:12:07.050 --> 00:12:08.220
  • AND SHE SAID, "HOW DID YOU GET MY CELL PHONE NUMBER?"
  • 00:12:08.240 --> 00:12:11.030
  • [ LAUGHTER ]
  • 00:12:11.050 --> 00:12:13.220
  • AND OF COURSE THE SECRET SERVICE MEMBER ANSWERED
  • 00:12:13.240 --> 00:12:16.150
  • THE SAME WAY YOU'D EXPECT.
  • 00:12:16.170 --> 00:12:17.250
  • "MA'AM, WE'RE THE SECRET SERVICE," YOU KNOW.
  • 00:12:17.270 --> 00:12:20.030
  • BUT SHE SAID YES.
  • 00:12:20.050 --> 00:12:22.190
  • SECRET SERVICE CLEARED.
  • 00:12:22.210 --> 00:12:24.030
  • PRESIDENT AND MRS. BUSH COME IN.
  • 00:12:24.050 --> 00:12:25.130
  • DOCTOR JORDAN WHOSE THE DIRECTOR OF THE BURN
  • 00:12:25.150 --> 00:12:27.070
  • CENTER, JUST A NUMBER OF EXCEPTIONAL -- THERE'S ONLY
  • 00:12:27.090 --> 00:12:31.220
  • ONE GREAT PHYSICIAN BUT THERE'S SOME EXCEPTIONAL
  • 00:12:31.240 --> 00:12:34.030
  • ONE OUT THERE, AND SHE'S ONE OF THEM.
  • 00:12:34.050 --> 00:12:36.110
  • MRS. BUSH COMES IN FIRST.
  • 00:12:36.130 --> 00:12:37.210
  • MEL IS WITH ME TO THE LEFT.
  • 00:12:37.230 --> 00:12:39.150
  • AND SHE TELLS MRS. BUSH BRIAN IS FROM FT. WORTH.
  • 00:12:39.170 --> 00:12:43.270
  • AND MRS. BUSH'S EYES LIGHT UP.
  • 00:12:43.290 --> 00:12:45.170
  • OH, YOU'RE FROM TEXAS.
  • 00:12:45.190 --> 00:12:47.100
  • THAT LITTLE TEXAS HAPPY DANCE WHEN TEXANS MEET
  • 00:12:47.120 --> 00:12:49.020
  • EACH OTHER WHEN YOU'RE NOT IN THE STATE OF TEXAS.
  • 00:12:49.040 --> 00:12:51.230
  • AND SHE SAYS COLONEL BIRDWELL, I BROUGHT SOMEONE
  • 00:12:51.250 --> 00:12:54.250
  • TO SEE YOU.
  • 00:12:54.270 --> 00:12:55.250
  • AND NOTHING HAPPENS.
  • 00:12:55.270 --> 00:12:57.240
  • AND SO SHE TURNS OVER HER LEFT SHOULDER AND SAYS,
  • 00:12:57.260 --> 00:12:59.240
  • COLONEL BIRDWELL, I BROUGHT SOMEONE TO SEE YOU.
  • 00:12:59.260 --> 00:13:03.210
  • AND PRESIDENT COMES IN ON THE SECOND CALL
  • 00:13:03.230 --> 00:13:05.220
  • LIKE MOST HUSBANDS.
  • 00:13:05.240 --> 00:13:08.000
  • TAKES TWO TIMES.
  • 00:13:08.020 --> 00:13:09.200
  • PRESIDENT COMES IN AND HE'S ALREADY SEEN AND
  • 00:13:09.220 --> 00:13:13.060
  • VISITED WITH FIVE OTHER CRITICAL BURN SURVIVORS.
  • 00:13:13.080 --> 00:13:17.030
  • HE COMES TO THE FOOT OF MY BED AND RENDERS THE
  • 00:13:17.050 --> 00:13:21.090
  • SALUTE, AND ON INSTINCT I AM TRYING
  • 00:13:21.110 --> 00:13:25.140
  • TO RETURN THAT SALUTE.
  • 00:13:25.160 --> 00:13:26.290
  • AND HE DOES HIS SALUTE, AND MEL SAYS YOU
  • 00:13:27.010 --> 00:13:29.190
  • CAN SEE TEARS RUNNING DOWN HIS EYES.
  • 00:13:29.210 --> 00:13:31.170
  • AND THEN I DROP -AND I'M DOING THIS ON -I REMEMBER
  • 00:13:31.190 --> 00:13:35.150
  • TRYING TO SALUTE BUT I -I DON'T HAVE ANY CONTEXT OF
  • 00:13:35.170 --> 00:13:39.230
  • WHAT WAS HAPPENING AT THE TIME.
  • 00:13:39.250 --> 00:13:42.100
  • PRESIDENT DROPS HIS SALUTE, COMES TO THE SIDE
  • 00:13:42.120 --> 00:13:44.230
  • OF THE BED AND HE SAYS YOU KNOW, COLONEL BIRDWELL,
  • 00:13:44.250 --> 00:13:47.040
  • YOU'RE A GREAT AMERICAN.
  • 00:13:47.060 --> 00:13:48.080
  • THIS IS NOT GOING TO GO UNANSWERED.
  • 00:13:48.100 --> 00:13:50.040
  • WE'RE GOING TO STOP TOLERATING THE CULTURE OF
  • 00:13:50.060 --> 00:13:53.040
  • TERRORISM AND ACCEPTING IT AS A CRIMINAL ACTIVITY.
  • 00:13:53.060 --> 00:13:56.250
  • THEN MRS. BUSH, THEY ASKED IF THEY COULD PRAY
  • 00:13:56.270 --> 00:14:01.100
  • FOR US, AND THEN ABSOLUTELY SAID YES, AND
  • 00:14:01.120 --> 00:14:04.150
  • THEN MRS. BUSH SAYS, GEORGE, COLONEL BIRDWELL
  • 00:14:04.170 --> 00:14:08.020
  • IS FROM TEXAS.
  • 00:14:08.040 --> 00:14:09.220
  • AND OF COURSE PRESIDENT BUSH'S EYES LIGHT UP AND
  • 00:14:09.240 --> 00:14:13.250
  • DID THE TEXAS HAPPY DANCE.
  • 00:14:13.270 --> 00:14:19.030
  • AND HE AND MEL HAD DISCUSSION ABOUT
  • 00:14:19.050 --> 00:14:21.080
  • VARIOUS THINGS.
  • 00:14:21.100 --> 00:14:23.160
  • BUT WHAT'S INSTRUCTIVE OF THAT VISIT IS NOT ME
  • 00:14:23.180 --> 00:14:28.020
  • BEING THE FOCAL POINT OF THE VISIT.
  • 00:14:28.040 --> 00:14:30.110
  • IT'S THAT THE PRESIDENT UNDERSTOOD WHAT THIS
  • 00:14:30.130 --> 00:14:35.240
  • VISIT MEANT AND WAS GOING TO MEAN BECAUSE THE
  • 00:14:35.260 --> 00:14:39.260
  • DECISIONS HE WAS GOING TO HAVE TO MAKE TO PROTECT
  • 00:14:39.280 --> 00:14:43.230
  • THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHICH IS HIS PRIMARY
  • 00:14:43.250 --> 00:14:46.060
  • CONSTITUTIONAL FUNCTION WAS GOING TO RENDER OTHER
  • 00:14:46.080 --> 00:14:50.170
  • MILITARY PERSONNEL IN THE SAME PHYSICAL CONDITION.
  • 00:14:50.190 --> 00:14:55.290
  • AND HE STILL HAD THE COURAGE AS HE WAS MAKING
  • 00:14:56.010 --> 00:15:00.050
  • DECISIONS DURING THAT TIMEFRAME FOR OUR NATION.
  • 00:15:00.070 --> 00:15:02.290
  • AND SO I GOT A CALL FROM THE PRESIDENT WHEN I WON
  • 00:15:03.010 --> 00:15:07.040
  • STATE SENATE SEAT.
  • 00:15:07.060 --> 00:15:08.270
  • AND IT WAS FUN.
  • 00:15:08.290 --> 00:15:10.050
  • I MEAN, IT WAS JUST NEAT.
  • 00:15:10.070 --> 00:15:12.080
  • WE'VE GOTTEN TO VISIT WITH PRESIDENT BUSH
  • 00:15:12.100 --> 00:15:13.160
  • SEVERAL TIMES AFTER SEPTEMBER 11, BUT WE LOVE
  • 00:15:13.180 --> 00:15:18.030
  • HIM AND RESPECT HIM IMMENSELY.
  • 00:15:18.050 --> 00:15:19.290
  • - SO AFTER HE LEAVES YOU THEN GO INTO SURGERY, AND
  • 00:15:20.010 --> 00:15:22.290
  • THAT'S JUST KIND OF THE BEGINNING OF
  • 00:15:23.010 --> 00:15:24.220
  • YOUR RECOVERY.
  • 00:15:24.240 --> 00:15:26.020
  • - IT IS -WHEN YOU SAY RECOVERY, YES, BUT
  • 00:15:26.040 --> 00:15:32.050
  • THERE'S A LOT OF BAD -I MEAN, WHAT HAPPENS IN A
  • 00:15:32.070 --> 00:15:35.180
  • BURN CENTER AND BECAUSE OF THE NATURE OF FLAME
  • 00:15:35.200 --> 00:15:39.220
  • THAT'S ON THE BATTLE FEED, THERE'S A LOT OF
  • 00:15:39.240 --> 00:15:41.270
  • BURN INJURIES THAT COME FROM ARMED CONFLICT.
  • 00:15:41.290 --> 00:15:45.040
  • SO I HAD A NUMBER OF PROBLEMS THAT MEDICALLY
  • 00:15:45.060 --> 00:15:49.040
  • SHOULD HAVE KILLED ME.
  • 00:15:49.060 --> 00:15:50.240
  • I MEAN, JUST WITHOUT A LONG DISCUSSION MY
  • 00:15:50.260 --> 00:15:55.270
  • CHANCES OF SURVIVAL WHEN I ARRIVED WERE
  • 00:15:55.290 --> 00:15:58.000
  • LESS THAN 1%.
  • 00:15:58.020 --> 00:15:59.290
  • - WOW.
  • 00:16:00.030 --> 00:16:02.230
  • - LIKE I SAID I SHOULD HAVE BEEN KILLED
  • 00:16:02.250 --> 00:16:04.020
  • IN THE BUILDING.
  • 00:16:04.040 --> 00:16:05.100
  • THERE WERE A NUMBER OF PLACES THAT I SHOULD HAVE
  • 00:16:05.120 --> 00:16:06.190
  • PASSED IN THE MEDICAL RECOVERY, BUT EVERY MAN
  • 00:16:06.210 --> 00:16:11.260
  • OR WOMAN THAT'S EVER PUT ON THE UNIFORM WHETHER
  • 00:16:11.280 --> 00:16:13.280
  • THEY SERVED IN PEACETIME, WARTIME, YOU KNOW, WERE A
  • 00:16:14.000 --> 00:16:16.250
  • CLERK OR A FRONT LINE, YOU KNOW, FOXHOLE
  • 00:16:16.270 --> 00:16:21.110
  • FIGHTING SOLDIER, THEY WERE WILLING TO BEAR THAT
  • 00:16:21.130 --> 00:16:26.150
  • BURDEN, AND IT'S, YOU KNOW, IT'S EMBLEMATIC OF
  • 00:16:26.170 --> 00:16:32.180
  • CHRIST'S SACRIFICE ON THE CROSS.
  • 00:16:32.200 --> 00:16:34.150
  • HE WILLINGLY SUBORDINATED HIMSELF TO GOVERNMENT,
  • 00:16:34.170 --> 00:16:39.230
  • SUBORDINATED HIMSELF TO THE FATHER JUST AS THE
  • 00:16:39.250 --> 00:16:42.280
  • SOLDIER DOES TO GOVERNMENT FOR SOME
  • 00:16:43.000 --> 00:16:46.080
  • GREATER CAUSE GREATER THAN HIMSELF, AND THAT'S
  • 00:16:46.100 --> 00:16:50.170
  • WHAT MAKES OUR VETS AND PARTICULARLY THOSE ON
  • 00:16:50.190 --> 00:16:53.030
  • MEMORIAL DAY BECAUSE THAT WE REMEMBER BECAUSE THEY
  • 00:16:53.050 --> 00:16:55.120
  • DIED IN UNIFORM IN SERVICE TO THE NATION,
  • 00:16:55.140 --> 00:16:58.290
  • THIS OUR MEN AND WOMEN IN UNIFORM ARE MOST CHRIST
  • 00:16:59.010 --> 00:17:02.210
  • LIKE AMONG OUR NATION.
  • 00:17:02.230 --> 00:17:04.130
  • - AND WE JUST WE'RE REALLY GRATEFUL FOR WHO
  • 00:17:04.150 --> 00:17:07.090
  • YOU ARE, FOR THE SERVICE TO OUR NATION, BUT WE
  • 00:17:07.110 --> 00:17:09.010
  • ALSO APPRECIATE YOU COMING ON THE SHOW TODAY.
  • 00:17:09.030 --> 00:17:10.030
  • - WHO-AH!
  • 00:17:10.050 --> 00:17:11.070
  • MY PLEASURE. THANK YOU.
  • 00:17:11.090 --> 00:17:12.240
  • -COLONEL BIRDWELL, THANK YOU SO MUCH.
  • 00:17:12.260 --> 00:17:13.190
  • - WHO-AH! THANK Y'ALL.
  • 00:17:13.210 --> 00:17:14.150
  • [ APPLAUSE ]
  • 00:17:14.170 --> 00:17:15.180
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:17:15.200 --> 00:17:27.050
  • - MY GREAT GRANDFATHER, JACK CHAMBERLAIN WAS
  • 00:17:27.070 --> 00:17:29.070
  • PROBABLY THE BIGGEST INFLUENCE ON WHY WE
  • 00:17:29.090 --> 00:17:31.040
  • SHOULD REMEMBER DURING MEMORIAL DAY, WHY WE
  • 00:17:31.060 --> 00:17:34.100
  • SHOULD REMEMBER OUR FALLEN.
  • 00:17:34.120 --> 00:17:36.190
  • HE SAID, BEFORE YOU GO I WANT TO GIVE
  • 00:17:36.210 --> 00:17:38.100
  • YOU SOMETHING.
  • 00:17:38.120 --> 00:17:39.140
  • I SAID, OKAY.
  • 00:17:39.160 --> 00:17:41.200
  • SO I HUNG AROUND.
  • 00:17:41.220 --> 00:17:43.140
  • HE COMES OUT WITH THIS CIGAR BOX.
  • 00:17:43.160 --> 00:17:46.030
  • AND I KNEW WHAT WAS IN IT.
  • 00:17:46.050 --> 00:17:48.150
  • AND HE SAID, I WANT YOU TO HAVE THESE.
  • 00:17:48.170 --> 00:17:49.270
  • AND I SAID, NO, GRANDPA.
  • 00:17:49.290 --> 00:17:51.040
  • I CAN'T TAKE THOSE.
  • 00:17:51.060 --> 00:17:52.080
  • THOSE ARE YOUR BROTHER'S.
  • 00:17:52.100 --> 00:17:54.130
  • HE SAID, YOU WILL TAKE THEM BECAUSE I KNOW YOU
  • 00:17:54.150 --> 00:17:57.020
  • WILL KEEP FRANK'S MEMORY ALIVE.
  • 00:17:57.040 --> 00:18:00.060
  • AND I HAVE.
  • 00:18:00.080 --> 00:18:02.000
  • IF YOU GO TO MY CONGRESSIONAL OFFICE
  • 00:18:02.020 --> 00:18:03.280
  • TODAY IN WASHINGTON DC, THERE'S FRANK'S PICTURE.
  • 00:18:04.000 --> 00:18:07.130
  • THERE'S HIS PIPE.
  • 00:18:07.150 --> 00:18:09.140
  • THERE'S HIS ARTIFACTS.
  • 00:18:09.160 --> 00:18:11.020
  • I HAVE A PICTURE OF HIS GRAVE ON MY WALL BECAUSE
  • 00:18:11.040 --> 00:18:14.150
  • FRANK WAS 19.
  • 00:18:14.170 --> 00:18:17.220
  • MY GREAT GRANDFATHER WHEN HE DIED HE HAD OVER
  • 00:18:17.240 --> 00:18:20.000
  • 60 DESCENDANTS ME BEING ONE OF THEM.
  • 00:18:20.020 --> 00:18:23.110
  • AND HE WAS A POWERFUL MAIL FIGURE IN MY LIFE.
  • 00:18:23.130 --> 00:18:26.250
  • FRANK NEVER GOT THAT CHANCE.
  • 00:18:26.270 --> 00:18:29.040
  • LIKE SO MANY, HE WAS 19, AND HE DIED.
  • 00:18:29.060 --> 00:18:33.240
  • A LOT OF THE SOLDIERS I LOST WERE 19.
  • 00:18:33.260 --> 00:18:36.290
  • THEY NEVER KNEW THE JOYS OF MARRIAGE.
  • 00:18:37.010 --> 00:18:40.140
  • THEY NEVER KNEW LOVE AND RAISING THEIR CHILDREN.
  • 00:18:40.160 --> 00:18:45.080
  • THEY NEVER LIVED TO A RIPE OLD AGE WORKING IN
  • 00:18:45.100 --> 00:18:49.220
  • SOME CAPACITY THAT THEY ENJOYED, ENJOYING THE
  • 00:18:49.240 --> 00:18:53.180
  • FREEDOMS THAT THEIR SACRIFICE PAID FOR, NEVER
  • 00:18:53.200 --> 00:18:56.050
  • GOT TO SEE THEIR GRANDCHILDREN.
  • 00:18:56.070 --> 00:18:59.020
  • SO WE SHOULD DO THAT.
  • 00:18:59.040 --> 00:19:03.050
  • WE SHOULD PAUSE FROM THE BARBECUE AND LAKE TRIPS
  • 00:19:03.070 --> 00:19:06.020
  • AND GO DOWN AND REFLECT THE NAMES ON A WALL, AND
  • 00:19:06.040 --> 00:19:13.090
  • MAYBE LOOK ONE OR TWO OF THEM UP AND FIND OUT
  • 00:19:13.110 --> 00:19:15.160
  • WHO WERE THEY? WHO WERE THEIR LIVES?
  • 00:19:15.180 --> 00:19:18.260
  • WHAT WAS THEIR IMPACT?
  • 00:19:18.280 --> 00:19:21.080
  • AND WHAT WAS THE LIFE THEY NEVER GOT TO
  • 00:19:21.100 --> 00:19:23.080
  • LIVE LIKE FRANK COMPARED TO JACK.
  • 00:19:23.100 --> 00:19:28.070
  • - SO EVEN THOUGH THE HISTORY OF MEMORIAL DAY
  • 00:19:32.240 --> 00:19:34.280
  • GOES ALL THE WAY BACK TO JUST AFTER THE CIVIL WAR,
  • 00:19:35.000 --> 00:19:37.000
  • LOOKING AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY, MOST
  • 00:19:37.020 --> 00:19:39.150
  • AMERICANS TODAY STILL DON'T KNOW MUCH ABOUT
  • 00:19:39.170 --> 00:19:41.280
  • MEMORIAL DAY, DON'T REALLY KNOW WHY WE HAVE
  • 00:19:42.000 --> 00:19:44.070
  • A DAY TO COMMEMORATE AND REMEMBER OR EVEN
  • 00:19:44.090 --> 00:19:46.100
  • REALLY WHEN IT BEGAN.
  • 00:19:46.120 --> 00:19:49.010
  • - YOU HAVE TO GO BACK ACTUALLY INTO THE CIVIL
  • 00:19:49.030 --> 00:19:51.170
  • WAR BECAUSE IN THE SOUTH AND IN THE NORTH, YOU
  • 00:19:51.190 --> 00:19:53.210
  • PARTICULARLY HAD LADIES THAT WERE DECORATING
  • 00:19:53.230 --> 00:19:55.120
  • THE GRAVES OF FALLEN SOLDIERS.
  • 00:19:55.140 --> 00:19:57.020
  • AND SO IN 1868, AFTER THE CIVIL WAR IS OVER,
  • 00:19:57.040 --> 00:20:00.200
  • GENERAL JOHN LOGAN WHO IS COMMANDER OF NOW THE
  • 00:20:00.220 --> 00:20:03.190
  • REUNITED AMERICAN FORCES ISSUES GENERAL ORDER
  • 00:20:03.210 --> 00:20:06.200
  • NUMBER 11, AND ON GENERAL ORDER 11 IT SAYS ON THIS
  • 00:20:06.220 --> 00:20:11.090
  • PARTICULAR DAY, WE WANT TO DECORATE THE GRAVES OF
  • 00:20:11.110 --> 00:20:14.000
  • ALL OF THOSE WHO FELL IN THE CIVIL WAR.
  • 00:20:14.020 --> 00:20:17.000
  • AND SO WHAT HAPPENED IN ARLINGTON CEMETERY,
  • 00:20:17.020 --> 00:20:19.230
  • THEY HAD A SPECIAL COMMEMORATION THAT DAY,
  • 00:20:19.250 --> 00:20:23.010
  • THE ADDRESS WAS GIVEN BY GENERAL JAMES A. GARFIELD,
  • 00:20:23.030 --> 00:20:26.140
  • AND THEN LADIES AND CHILDREN FROM ALL OVER
  • 00:20:26.160 --> 00:20:28.080
  • THE CITY DECORATED THE GRAVES OF BOTH
  • 00:20:28.100 --> 00:20:30.120
  • CONFEDERATE AND UNION SOLDIERS.
  • 00:20:30.140 --> 00:20:32.010
  • SO IT WAS KNOWN AS DECORATION DAY.
  • 00:20:32.030 --> 00:20:34.090
  • BUT AFTER WORLD WAR I.
  • 00:20:34.110 --> 00:20:35.190
  • AFTER THE DEATHS AND WORLD WAR I, AT THAT
  • 00:20:35.210 --> 00:20:37.250
  • POINT IS WHEN THEY CHANGED IT TO MEMORIAL DAY.
  • 00:20:37.270 --> 00:20:40.040
  • THEY SAID LET'S TAKE THIS DAY IN MAY AND CELEBRATE,
  • 00:20:40.060 --> 00:20:44.010
  • NOT JUST THOSE WHO DIED IN THE CIVIL WAR, BUT
  • 00:20:44.030 --> 00:20:46.080
  • THOSE WHO DIED IN ALL WARS.
  • 00:20:46.100 --> 00:20:48.000
  • THAT'S HOW IT CAME TO BE, AND IT IS A TIME TO
  • 00:20:48.020 --> 00:20:50.020
  • REMEMBER THOSE WHO DIED FOR THEIR COUNTRY, THOSE
  • 00:20:50.040 --> 00:20:53.290
  • WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES, GAVE THE ULTIMATE SACRIFICE.
  • 00:20:54.010 --> 00:20:56.120
  • - FOR US, WORLD WAR II IS PRETTY MUCH AS FAR BACK
  • 00:20:56.140 --> 00:20:59.070
  • AS YOU CAN GO, AND THERE ARE STILL VETERANS
  • 00:20:59.090 --> 00:21:01.170
  • WHO LIVED AND EXPERIENCED THAT.
  • 00:21:01.190 --> 00:21:03.150
  • ACTUALLY, LATER IN THE SHOW, WE GET TO INTERVIEW
  • 00:21:03.170 --> 00:21:05.180
  • ONE OF THOSE GUYS.
  • 00:21:05.200 --> 00:21:07.000
  • WHEN YOU LOOK AT SO MANY OF THE STORIES THAT HAVE
  • 00:21:07.020 --> 00:21:11.240
  • COME FROM WORLD WAR II, THERE ARE SOME AMAZING
  • 00:21:11.260 --> 00:21:14.230
  • STORIES NOT JUST OF HEROIC ACTS WHERE THERE
  • 00:21:14.250 --> 00:21:18.020
  • WAS VICTORY, THERE'S SOME PRETTY AMAZING HEROIC
  • 00:21:18.040 --> 00:21:21.080
  • ACTS OF SACRIFICE.
  • 00:21:21.100 --> 00:21:23.100
  • - WELL, IF YOU MOVE OUT OF THE PACIFIC AND GO
  • 00:21:23.120 --> 00:21:24.250
  • OVER TO THE ATLANTIC SIDE, AT THE ATLANTIC
  • 00:21:24.270 --> 00:21:27.080
  • SIDE WE WERE SHIPPING TROOPS OUT ALL THE TIME
  • 00:21:27.100 --> 00:21:29.220
  • TRYING TO KEEP REINFORCING EUROPE,
  • 00:21:29.240 --> 00:21:31.180
  • AND WE'D GO UP THROUGH GREENLAND AND OVER TO
  • 00:21:31.200 --> 00:21:33.120
  • EUROPE OR SOMETIMES STRAIGHT ACROSS.
  • 00:21:33.140 --> 00:21:35.130
  • AS THEY SAILED INTO GREENLAND, THERE WAS A
  • 00:21:35.150 --> 00:21:37.220
  • PLACE CALLED TORPEDO ALLEY, WHERE THE GERMAN
  • 00:21:37.240 --> 00:21:39.280
  • U-BOATS WOULD SIT OUT THERE AND JUST SINK THESE
  • 00:21:40.000 --> 00:21:41.250
  • SHIPS, ALL THESE SHIPS FILLED WITH SOLDIERS
  • 00:21:41.270 --> 00:21:44.260
  • GOING TO EUROPE.
  • 00:21:44.280 --> 00:21:46.120
  • AND SO AS THEY SET OUT IN THE LAST PART OF JANUARY
  • 00:21:46.140 --> 00:21:49.170
  • OF 1943, JANUARY 29TH, THEY SET OUT-- THE GERMANS
  • 00:21:49.190 --> 00:21:53.280
  • KNEW THEY HAD SET OUT.
  • 00:21:54.000 --> 00:21:55.070
  • THEY HAD SPIES HERE, FIFTH COLUMN IS WORKING,
  • 00:21:55.090 --> 00:21:58.020
  • SO AS THEY'RE GOING THROUGH THAT TORPEDO ALLY,
  • 00:21:58.040 --> 00:22:00.270
  • IT'S ABOUT MIDNIGHT, AND PARTICULARLY U-BOAT 233
  • 00:22:00.290 --> 00:22:05.150
  • IS SITTING THERE WAITING FOR THEM.
  • 00:22:05.170 --> 00:22:07.140
  • SO AS THE U.S.A.T. U.S. ARMY TRANSPORT DORCHESTER
  • 00:22:07.160 --> 00:22:10.260
  • WENT BY, THEY LAUNCHED TORPEDOES AT IT,
  • 00:22:10.280 --> 00:22:13.220
  • AND THE TORPEDO HIT BELOW THE WATER LINE.
  • 00:22:13.240 --> 00:22:16.130
  • AND SO OF THE 900 PEOPLE ON BOARD, ABOUT
  • 00:22:16.150 --> 00:22:19.020
  • A THIRD OF THEM DIED BELOW WATER LINE FROM THE
  • 00:22:19.040 --> 00:22:22.000
  • IMPACT AND WHAT HAPPENED.
  • 00:22:22.020 --> 00:22:23.250
  • AND THE CAPTAIN OF THE SHIP HAD ORDERED
  • 00:22:23.270 --> 00:22:25.220
  • EVERYBODY TO SLEEP IN THEIR LIFE JACKETS
  • 00:22:25.240 --> 00:22:28.040
  • BECAUSE THEY WERE GOING THROUGH--
  • 00:22:28.060 --> 00:22:29.200
  • - HE KNEW IT WAS DANGEROUS.
  • 00:22:29.220 --> 00:22:31.070
  • MANY OF THOSE SOLDIERS WHO DECIDED THEY DIDN'T
  • 00:22:31.090 --> 00:22:33.100
  • WANT TO SLEEP WITH THEIR LIFE JACKETS, SLEEP WITH
  • 00:22:33.120 --> 00:22:35.110
  • THEIR BULKY STUFF ON, SO WHEN THOSE TORPEDOES HIT,
  • 00:22:35.130 --> 00:22:39.000
  • AS THEY ARE SCRAMBLING TO SURVIVE, THEY'RE
  • 00:22:39.020 --> 00:22:42.040
  • SCRAMBLING WITHOUT THE THINGS THAT WERE TO HELP
  • 00:22:42.060 --> 00:22:44.100
  • GIVE THEM EXTRA MINUTES IN THAT ICE FREEZING
  • 00:22:44.120 --> 00:22:47.260
  • WATER THEY'RE ABOUT TO GET INTO.
  • 00:22:47.280 --> 00:22:50.020
  • - AND AS THEY GET UP ON TOP, THERE'S PANIC EVERYWHERE.
  • 00:22:50.040 --> 00:22:52.200
  • THERE ARE PEOPLE IN A CATATONIC STATE.
  • 00:22:52.220 --> 00:22:54.080
  • THEY JUST DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DO.
  • 00:22:54.100 --> 00:22:55.160
  • AND THESE FOUR CHAPLAINS, THEY'RE THE ONES WHO ARE
  • 00:22:55.180 --> 00:22:59.070
  • KEEPING REALLY A CALM ON IT.
  • 00:22:59.090 --> 00:23:02.000
  • AND AS GUYS ARE PANICKED AND NOT KNOWING WHAT TO
  • 00:23:02.020 --> 00:23:04.120
  • DO, THEY'RE HELPING THEM FIND GLOVES, HELPING
  • 00:23:04.140 --> 00:23:06.110
  • THEM FIND LIFE JACKETS.
  • 00:23:06.130 --> 00:23:07.250
  • AND FINALLY, AS THEY RUN OUT OF LIFE JACKETS,
  • 00:23:07.270 --> 00:23:09.160
  • THESE FOUR GUYS TAKE THEIR OWN LIFE JACKET OFF
  • 00:23:09.180 --> 00:23:11.240
  • AND GIVE TO THE LAST FOUR GUYS GOING IN.
  • 00:23:11.260 --> 00:23:14.090
  • AND AS THE SHIP WENT DOWN, WAS GOING UNDER THE
  • 00:23:14.110 --> 00:23:16.120
  • WATERS, ON THE DECK THEY WATCHED, THE WITNESSES
  • 00:23:16.140 --> 00:23:19.250
  • WATCHED AS THESE FOUR GUYS LINKED ARMS AND
  • 00:23:19.270 --> 00:23:22.050
  • WERE PRAYING TOGETHER AND SINGING HYMNS
  • 00:23:22.070 --> 00:23:23.190
  • AS THE SHIP WENT UNDER.
  • 00:23:23.210 --> 00:23:25.100
  • AND SO A LOT OF THOSE YOUNG GUYS SAID HAD IT
  • 00:23:25.120 --> 00:23:27.050
  • NOT BEEN FOR THEM, I WOULD NOT HAVE MADE IT.
  • 00:23:27.070 --> 00:23:29.050
  • SO WHAT HAPPENED AS A RESULT WAS CONGRESS
  • 00:23:29.070 --> 00:23:32.000
  • CAME UP WITH THIS.
  • 00:23:32.020 --> 00:23:34.260
  • THESE GUYS WERE NOT GIVEN THE MEDAL OF HONOR
  • 00:23:34.280 --> 00:23:36.120
  • BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT KILLED IN BATTLE
  • 00:23:36.140 --> 00:23:38.150
  • AGAINST HOSTILE ACTION.
  • 00:23:38.170 --> 00:23:39.250
  • THEY WERE KILLED AS A RESULT OF SINKING A SHIP.
  • 00:23:39.270 --> 00:23:41.260
  • SO CONGRESS MADE THIS.
  • 00:23:41.280 --> 00:23:43.180
  • IT'S SOMETIMES CALLED THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDAL OF
  • 00:23:43.200 --> 00:23:45.110
  • HONOR, BUT THEY CREATED THIS JUST FOR THOSE FOUR
  • 00:23:45.130 --> 00:23:48.090
  • GUYS. BUT THAT'S ANOTHER STORY OF THE SACRIFICE
  • 00:23:48.110 --> 00:23:52.060
  • THAT THEY WERE WILLING TO MAKE.
  • 00:23:52.080 --> 00:23:54.220
  • - THESE ARE STORIES THAT, ESPECIALLY ON
  • 00:23:54.240 --> 00:23:56.200
  • MEMORIAL DAY, THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS WE
  • 00:23:56.220 --> 00:23:59.080
  • OUGHT TO BE LOOKING TO SO GRATEFUL FOR THE PEOPLE
  • 00:23:59.100 --> 00:24:02.240
  • THAT LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES FOR OUR FREEDOM.
  • 00:24:02.260 --> 00:24:05.030
  • BUT AGAIN, ONE OF THE STORIES THAT TODAY
  • 00:24:05.050 --> 00:24:07.060
  • DOESN'T GET NEARLY THE ATTENTION IT PROBABLY
  • 00:24:07.080 --> 00:24:09.030
  • DESERVES, JUST, WE'VE KIND OF MOVED PAST KNOWING
  • 00:24:09.050 --> 00:24:12.110
  • SOME OF THESE SAYINGS BUT WORTH REMEMBERING.
  • 00:24:12.130 --> 00:24:15.020
  • - AS WE MOVE TOWARD THE END OF THE PACIFIC
  • 00:24:15.040 --> 00:24:17.040
  • THEATER, BECAUSE AFTER WE'RE ABLE TO GO IN ON
  • 00:24:17.060 --> 00:24:19.150
  • D-DAY AND BY THE WAY, THIS IS A FLAG FROM D-DAY.
  • 00:24:19.170 --> 00:24:23.170
  • THAT WAS THE THIRD FLAG THAT WENT IN ON D-DAY,
  • 00:24:23.190 --> 00:24:26.100
  • AND SO IF YOU GET ON THE BACKSIDE OF THAT FLAG,
  • 00:24:26.120 --> 00:24:28.040
  • YOU'LL SEE ALL THE SHRAPNEL HOLES THROUGH
  • 00:24:28.060 --> 00:24:29.220
  • THAT FLAG. IT'S JUST UNBELIEVABLE.
  • 00:24:29.240 --> 00:24:31.140
  • SO WHETHER IT BE AFTER WE FINISH IN GERMANY, THEN
  • 00:24:31.160 --> 00:24:34.040
  • WE COME BACK, AND NOW WE HAVE TO FINISH
  • 00:24:34.060 --> 00:24:35.270
  • IN THE PACIFIC AREA.
  • 00:24:35.290 --> 00:24:37.210
  • WE KNOW IWO JIMA, AND WE KNOW THE ICONIC
  • 00:24:37.230 --> 00:24:41.130
  • IMAGE THAT WE HAVE AT IWO JIMA.
  • 00:24:41.150 --> 00:24:43.260
  • BUT THE GUY ON THE LEFT SIDE WHO HAS JUST RAISED
  • 00:24:43.280 --> 00:24:46.140
  • THE FLAG, JUST GONE UP WITH IT, IS A GUY NAMED
  • 00:24:46.160 --> 00:24:49.040
  • IRA HAYES. IRA HAYES WAS A PIMA INDIAN.
  • 00:24:49.060 --> 00:24:52.120
  • HE WAS 22 AT THIS POINT.
  • 00:24:52.140 --> 00:24:55.080
  • WE HAVE A LETTER FROM IRA HAYES THAT IS JUST PRETTY
  • 00:24:55.100 --> 00:25:00.030
  • UNBELIEVABLE. THIS IS IRA WRITING TO HIS PARENTS.
  • 00:25:00.050 --> 00:25:05.030
  • I WANT TO READ YOU WHAT HE SAYS TO HIS PARENTS
  • 00:25:05.050 --> 00:25:09.190
  • HERE. HE SAYS "DEAR PARENTS AND BROTHERS,
  • 00:25:09.210 --> 00:25:15.160
  • GOOD EVENING DEAR FOLKS.
  • 00:25:15.180 --> 00:25:17.170
  • I AIN'T GOT NOTHING TO DO JUST NOW SO I'M WRITING
  • 00:25:17.190 --> 00:25:19.260
  • TO YOU. I HOPE YOU'RE ALL OKAY, BUT PLEASE
  • 00:25:19.280 --> 00:25:22.050
  • DO NOT WORRY ABOUT ME.
  • 00:25:22.070 --> 00:25:23.250
  • I'M ALL RIGHT AND CAN TAKE CARE OF MYSELF
  • 00:25:23.270 --> 00:25:25.090
  • IN ANY SITUATION.
  • 00:25:25.110 --> 00:25:27.020
  • I DON'T KNOW IF I EVER MENTIONED THIS TO YOU,
  • 00:25:27.040 --> 00:25:29.070
  • BUT WHEN I JOINED THE CORP, I STARTED TO PRAY.
  • 00:25:29.090 --> 00:25:32.020
  • MAYBE FOUR OR THREE TIMES A WEEK.
  • 00:25:32.040 --> 00:25:34.050
  • BUT WHEN I WENT OVER THE FIRST TIME,
  • 00:25:34.070 --> 00:25:35.250
  • I PRAYED EVERY NIGHT.
  • 00:25:35.270 --> 00:25:37.160
  • AND THE SECOND TIME OVER, HERE BEFORE WE WENT TO
  • 00:25:37.180 --> 00:25:39.270
  • IWO AND DONE LIKEWISE.
  • 00:25:39.290 --> 00:25:42.060
  • BUT ON IWO, I WAS ALWAYS PRAYING.
  • 00:25:42.080 --> 00:25:44.270
  • SO MANY OTHERS WAS PRAYING FOR THEIR FIRST TIME.
  • 00:25:44.290 --> 00:25:48.060
  • MY PRAYERS WERE WITH ME AND COMFORTED ME.
  • 00:25:48.080 --> 00:25:51.100
  • THEY GAVE ME COURAGE TO FACE THE NEXT DAY.
  • 00:25:51.120 --> 00:25:54.160
  • I NEVER ASK GOD TO SPARE MY LIFE.
  • 00:25:54.180 --> 00:25:57.060
  • I'D SAY IF IT IS BY HIS WILL THAT I SEE ANOTHER
  • 00:25:57.080 --> 00:26:00.030
  • MORNING, I WOULD BE THANKFUL FOR IT.
  • 00:26:00.050 --> 00:26:02.260
  • BUT IF IT IS THE OTHER WAY AND GOD'S WILL,
  • 00:26:02.280 --> 00:26:04.230
  • WELL, I'LL BE READY.
  • 00:26:04.250 --> 00:26:06.260
  • AND I HAVE BEEN READY A LONG TIME AGO.
  • 00:26:06.280 --> 00:26:09.130
  • I NEVER FELT HIS NEARNESS TO ME AS I DID
  • 00:26:09.150 --> 00:26:12.090
  • ON THAT DAMN ISLAND.
  • 00:26:12.110 --> 00:26:14.140
  • PRAYERS ARE ALWAYS HEARD AND I'LL KEEP ON PRAYING
  • 00:26:14.160 --> 00:26:17.080
  • AS I NEVER DID BEFORE.
  • 00:26:17.100 --> 00:26:19.160
  • WELL FOLKS, I DON'T HAVE MUCH MORE TO WRITE.
  • 00:26:19.180 --> 00:26:21.200
  • THANKS FOR SENDING THAT LETTER TO ME."
  • 00:26:21.220 --> 00:26:23.160
  • AND IT'S SIGNED IRA HAYES.
  • 00:26:23.180 --> 00:26:25.280
  • NOW, IRA DIED TEN YEARS LATER.
  • 00:26:26.000 --> 00:26:30.140
  • HE CAME BACK WITH WHAT WE MIGHT CALL P.T.S.
  • 00:26:30.160 --> 00:26:34.150
  • WE DON'T CALL IT P.T.S.D., IT'S NOT A
  • 00:26:34.170 --> 00:26:36.120
  • DISORDER, BUT POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS.
  • 00:26:36.140 --> 00:26:39.070
  • AFTER HE GOT OUT OF THE MILITARY, HE WAS ARRESTED
  • 00:26:39.090 --> 00:26:43.170
  • 52 TIMES FOR PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS, AND IT WAS
  • 00:26:43.190 --> 00:26:46.270
  • JUST HE COULDN'T HANDLE IT.
  • 00:26:46.290 --> 00:26:48.040
  • HE KEPT SAYING SO MANY GUYS BETTER THAN ME DIED
  • 00:26:48.060 --> 00:26:50.250
  • AND I DIDN'T, AND IT WAS JUST THIS THING THAT WAS
  • 00:26:50.270 --> 00:26:53.090
  • HARD FOR HIM TO RECONCILE, SO HE DIED
  • 00:26:53.110 --> 00:26:55.100
  • AT THE AGE OF 32.
  • 00:26:55.120 --> 00:26:57.100
  • AND YOU KNOW, HE'S JUST REPRESENTATIVE SOMETIMES
  • 00:26:57.120 --> 00:27:01.270
  • OF WHAT CIVILIANS DON'T UNDERSTAND.
  • 00:27:01.290 --> 00:27:04.130
  • - I THINK IT'S PROBABLY WORTH POINTING OUT AS
  • 00:27:04.150 --> 00:27:06.100
  • SOMETHING THAT I'M GRATEFUL FOR HOW AMERICAN
  • 00:27:06.120 --> 00:27:08.280
  • CULTURE HAS RECOGNIZED A LITTLE BETTER THAT WE
  • 00:27:09.000 --> 00:27:12.140
  • NEED TO HELP GUYS THAT ARE COMING BACK FROM DOWN
  • 00:27:12.160 --> 00:27:14.090
  • RANGE. THERE'S A LOT OF ORGANIZATIONS, ACTUALLY
  • 00:27:14.110 --> 00:27:17.050
  • SOME FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS WHICH HAVE
  • 00:27:17.070 --> 00:27:18.260
  • THE HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE.
  • 00:27:18.280 --> 00:27:20.160
  • ONE OF THE THINGS THAT IT'S BEEN DISCOVERED IS
  • 00:27:20.180 --> 00:27:22.260
  • WITHOUT GOD, RIGHT, IT'S HARD TO
  • 00:27:22.280 --> 00:27:25.040
  • FIND THAT RECONCILIATION.
  • 00:27:25.060 --> 00:27:26.280
  • IT'S HARD TO FIND THAT FORGIVENESS, SOMETIMES
  • 00:27:27.000 --> 00:27:29.060
  • EVEN SELF-FORGIVENESS, BUT THERE'S A LOT OF
  • 00:27:29.080 --> 00:27:31.230
  • AMAZING FAITH BASED ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
  • 00:27:31.250 --> 00:27:34.040
  • HELPING VETERANS AS THEY COME BACK, AND CERTAINLY
  • 00:27:34.060 --> 00:27:38.240
  • WE'RE SO GRATEFUL THAT THERE ARE GROUPS THAT DO
  • 00:27:38.260 --> 00:27:40.160
  • THIS, BUT WHEN YOU BACK UP TO WORLD WAR II, WHEN
  • 00:27:40.180 --> 00:27:45.070
  • YOU'RE COMING BACK AFTER THE WAR, THERE WASN'T A
  • 00:27:45.090 --> 00:27:47.130
  • LOT OFFERED TO HELP PEOPLE KIND OF
  • 00:27:47.150 --> 00:27:50.090
  • REINTEGRATE AND OVERCOME SOME OF THOSE STRUGGLES.
  • 00:27:50.110 --> 00:27:53.120
  • - AND WHAT THESE GUYS SAW, PARTICULARLY IN A
  • 00:27:53.140 --> 00:27:55.070
  • CULTURE WHERE THE KILLING IS WHAT THE ENEMY LOVED
  • 00:27:55.090 --> 00:27:58.230
  • DOING. I MEAN, THEY WANTED TO TAKE YOU OUT, AND IF
  • 00:27:58.250 --> 00:28:01.120
  • THEY COULD TAKE THEMSELVES OUT, THAT'S GREAT TOO.
  • 00:28:01.140 --> 00:28:03.280
  • - ESPECIALLY THE PACIFIC THEATER.
  • 00:28:04.000 --> 00:28:05.110
  • - ESPECIALLY IN THE PACIFIC THEATER.
  • 00:28:05.130 --> 00:28:06.220
  • - JAPANESE ENVIRONMENT.
  • 00:28:06.240 --> 00:28:08.010
  • - YOU TAKE THIS PICTURE DOWN HERE WITH THE
  • 00:28:08.030 --> 00:28:11.000
  • BEHEADING THAT'S GOING ON.
  • 00:28:11.020 --> 00:28:12.220
  • THIS IS ONE OF THOSE BEHEADING SWORDS.
  • 00:28:12.240 --> 00:28:17.200
  • WE HAVE ALL SORTS OF ACCOUNTS OF JAPANESE
  • 00:28:17.220 --> 00:28:22.050
  • OFFICERS WHO WOULD HAVE BEHEADING CONTESTS WITH
  • 00:28:22.070 --> 00:28:24.280
  • EACH OTHER TO SEE WHO COULD BEHEAD A HUNDRED
  • 00:28:25.000 --> 00:28:27.210
  • SOLDIERS, A HUNDRED P.O.W.'S THE FASTEST.
  • 00:28:27.230 --> 00:28:30.050
  • THEY HAD TO HAVE RUNOFFS BECAUSE THEY WERE SO FAST.
  • 00:28:30.070 --> 00:28:32.160
  • I WAS READING LAST NIGHT THE ACCOUNT OF ONE
  • 00:28:32.180 --> 00:28:34.140
  • JAPANESE OFFICER WHO SAID IF HE WENT MORE THAN TWO
  • 00:28:34.160 --> 00:28:37.090
  • WEEKS WITHOUT BEHEADING SOMEONE, HE REALLY DIDN'T
  • 00:28:37.110 --> 00:28:39.250
  • FEEL GOOD ABOUT HIMSELF.
  • 00:28:39.270 --> 00:28:41.110
  • HE NEEDED TO BEHEAD SOMEONE.
  • 00:28:41.130 --> 00:28:42.240
  • - ACTUALLY, HE WOULD REMEDY THAT, AS WE WERE
  • 00:28:42.260 --> 00:28:44.130
  • READING THE ACCOUNT, HE SAID THAT HE WOULD
  • 00:28:44.150 --> 00:28:46.020
  • JUST GO GET A P.O.W. AND JUST BRING HIM OUT,
  • 00:28:46.040 --> 00:28:48.230
  • HAVE HIM DIG YOUR GRAVE, CHOP HIS HEAD OFF,
  • 00:28:48.250 --> 00:28:51.050
  • THROW HIM IN THE GRAVE AND THEN GO BACK.
  • 00:28:51.070 --> 00:28:52.250
  • HE SAID I JUST FELT BETTER AFTER I BEHEADED SOMEBODY.
  • 00:28:52.270 --> 00:28:56.210
  • AND THAT'S A CULTURE THAT AS WE TALK ABOUT EVEN
  • 00:28:56.230 --> 00:28:59.050
  • HISTORY THAT'S FORGOTTEN, PROBABLY THE EUROPEAN
  • 00:28:59.070 --> 00:29:02.120
  • THEATER IS STUDIED A LOT MORE, RIGHT, IN HISTORY
  • 00:29:02.140 --> 00:29:04.290
  • THAN THE PACIFIC THEATER.
  • 00:29:05.010 --> 00:29:07.110
  • MOST AMERICANS KNOW THAT HITLER TARGETED JEWS.
  • 00:29:07.130 --> 00:29:13.070
  • MOST AMERICANS AREN'T AWARE THAT THE JAPANESE
  • 00:29:13.090 --> 00:29:16.140
  • EXECUTED FAR MORE CHINESE THAN HITLER EVEN GOT
  • 00:29:16.160 --> 00:29:19.260
  • CLOSE TO WITH WHAT HE DID, AND ACTUALLY MANY
  • 00:29:19.280 --> 00:29:23.230
  • OF, PROBABLY THE MOST COMMON WAY OF EXECUTION
  • 00:29:23.250 --> 00:29:26.040
  • FOR JAPANESE WAS BEHEADINGS.
  • 00:29:26.060 --> 00:29:28.180
  • - YEAH, WE SEE THAT HITLER TOOK OUT NEARLY
  • 00:29:28.200 --> 00:29:31.140
  • 6 MILLION JEWS, BUT THE JAPANESE TOOK OUT NEARLY
  • 00:29:31.160 --> 00:29:33.100
  • 10 MILLION CHINESE.
  • 00:29:33.120 --> 00:29:35.110
  • AND LIKE ISIS, THEY HAD THEIR SEX SLAVES.
  • 00:29:35.130 --> 00:29:38.290
  • THEY WENT TO THE KOREAN PENINSULA, TOOK KOREAN
  • 00:29:39.010 --> 00:29:40.220
  • WOMEN BACK, THEY BECAME SEX SLAVES FOR THE OFFICERS.
  • 00:29:40.240 --> 00:29:44.200
  • THE CULTURE, THEY TAUGHT THEIR YOUNG PEOPLE
  • 00:29:44.220 --> 00:29:46.290
  • HOW TO DO SUICIDE BOMBS.
  • 00:29:47.010 --> 00:29:48.220
  • ONE OF THE THINGS THEY USED IN WORLD WAR TWO
  • 00:29:48.240 --> 00:29:51.060
  • WERE SUICIDE TORPEDOES.
  • 00:29:51.080 --> 00:29:52.210
  • YOU'D PUT TWO JAPANESE INSIDE A TORPEDO
  • 00:29:52.230 --> 00:29:54.080
  • AND LAUNCH IT.
  • 00:29:54.100 --> 00:29:55.180
  • THEY WOULD GUIDE THE TORPEDO TO HIT THE SHIP.
  • 00:29:55.200 --> 00:29:57.140
  • IT'S LIKE A KAMIKAZE BOMBER BUT YOU HAVE IT IN
  • 00:29:57.160 --> 00:30:00.080
  • TORPEDOES. I MEAN KILLING WAS JUST-- AND SO IF WE HAVE TO
  • 00:30:00.100 --> 00:30:04.130
  • INVADE JAPAN LIKE WE INVADED GERMANY AND
  • 00:30:04.150 --> 00:30:08.240
  • EUROPE, IT'S A WHOLE DIFFERENT THING BECAUSE
  • 00:30:08.260 --> 00:30:10.290
  • THEY'RE GOING TO FIGHT TO THE DEATH
  • 00:30:11.010 --> 00:30:14.090
  • AND NOT SURRENDER.
  • 00:30:14.110 --> 00:30:15.200
  • SO AS WE FINALLY GET-- WE DID NOT LOSE A BATTLE,
  • 00:30:15.220 --> 00:30:18.280
  • ISLAND HOPPING, GOING, WE DID NOT LOSE AN ISLAND,
  • 00:30:19.000 --> 00:30:21.210
  • WE WON EVERY SINGLE ISLAND UNTIL WE FINALLY
  • 00:30:21.230 --> 00:30:23.210
  • GET UP AGAINST JAPAN.
  • 00:30:23.230 --> 00:30:25.170
  • AND NOW WE'VE GOT TO TAKE JAPAN, AND THEY'RE NOT
  • 00:30:25.190 --> 00:30:28.120
  • SURRENDERING, AND THEY KNOW THEY'VE LOST,
  • 00:30:28.140 --> 00:30:30.090
  • THEY'VE LOST ALL THEIR ALLEYS BUT
  • 00:30:30.110 --> 00:30:32.070
  • THEY'RE NOT SURRENDERING.
  • 00:30:32.090 --> 00:30:33.170
  • AND IT'S INTERESTING WHAT WE DO AT THAT POINT.
  • 00:30:33.190 --> 00:30:36.130
  • THE AMERICAN SIDE CAME THROUGH IN A WAY THAT IS
  • 00:30:36.150 --> 00:30:38.250
  • NOT COVERED IN TEXTBOOKS.
  • 00:30:38.270 --> 00:30:40.070
  • I'VE NEVER SEEN THIS COVERED IN ANY SINGLE
  • 00:30:40.090 --> 00:30:41.210
  • TEXTBOOK AT ALL.
  • 00:30:41.230 --> 00:30:43.190
  • AND IT IS THAT WE TOOK THE ISLAND OF SAIPAN, AND
  • 00:30:43.210 --> 00:30:46.200
  • WE STARTED BROADCASTING FROM THE ISLAND OF SAIPAN
  • 00:30:46.220 --> 00:30:49.040
  • EVERY FIFTEEN MINUTES INTO JAPAN THAT WE'RE
  • 00:30:49.060 --> 00:30:51.190
  • COMING TO DESTROY ALL THE MILITARY STUFF THERE,
  • 00:30:51.210 --> 00:30:54.040
  • WE DO NOT WANT TO TAKE OUT A SINGLE CIVILIAN,
  • 00:30:54.060 --> 00:30:56.010
  • SO HERE'S WHERE WE'RE COMING.
  • 00:30:56.030 --> 00:30:57.210
  • HERE'S WHERE WE'RE GOING TO BOMB.
  • 00:30:57.230 --> 00:30:59.020
  • WE WANT ALL CIVILIANS TO LEAVE THOSE AREAS BECAUSE
  • 00:30:59.040 --> 00:31:01.010
  • WE DON'T WANT CIVILIAN DEATHS.
  • 00:31:01.030 --> 00:31:03.140
  • THIS IS A LEAFLET THAT WE DROPPED IN JAPANESE.
  • 00:31:03.160 --> 00:31:07.190
  • IT GIVES THE 35 CITIES THAT THE AMERICAN BOMBERS
  • 00:31:07.210 --> 00:31:09.200
  • ARE GOING TO BOMB.
  • 00:31:09.220 --> 00:31:11.100
  • AND IT WARNS THE JAPANESE TO GET OUT OF THOSE CITIES.
  • 00:31:11.120 --> 00:31:13.220
  • WE WILL DESTROY ALL MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
  • 00:31:13.240 --> 00:31:15.170
  • WE WANT NO INNOCENT LIVES.
  • 00:31:15.190 --> 00:31:17.140
  • WE FINALLY GOT TO A POINT, THE B-29 BOMBED TOKYO.
  • 00:31:17.160 --> 00:31:20.150
  • A 100.000 JAPANESE LOST THEIR LIVES IN TOKYO,
  • 00:31:20.170 --> 00:31:22.120
  • B-29 BOMBER.
  • 00:31:22.140 --> 00:31:23.240
  • SO THE JAPANESE ARE VERY AWARE OF WHAT A B-29 CAN
  • 00:31:23.260 --> 00:31:26.160
  • DO, AND THEY CAME OUT WITH THIS ONE HERE.
  • 00:31:26.180 --> 00:31:28.190
  • THIS SHOWS FIVE B-29S.
  • 00:31:28.210 --> 00:31:31.230
  • IN JAPANESE, THESE FIVE B-29S, IT SAYS ALL RIGHT
  • 00:31:31.250 --> 00:31:34.060
  • YOU SEE WHAT A B-29 CAN DO.
  • 00:31:34.080 --> 00:31:36.160
  • WE HAVE ONE BOMB THAT'S CAPABLE OF DOING WHAT
  • 00:31:36.180 --> 00:31:40.040
  • 2.000 B-29S DO. WE WILL USE THAT BOMB.
  • 00:31:40.060 --> 00:31:43.080
  • WE DON'T WANT TO. GET OUT OF THE CITY. GET AWAY
  • 00:31:43.100 --> 00:31:46.080
  • FROM THIS. GET YOUR GUYS TO SURRENDER.
  • 00:31:46.100 --> 00:31:48.200
  • WE DON'T WANT TO DO THIS.
  • 00:31:48.220 --> 00:31:50.060
  • WE'RE DROPPING 70 MILLION LEAFLETS ACROSS JAPAN.
  • 00:31:50.080 --> 00:31:54.180
  • HERE'S SOME OF THE OTHERS.
  • 00:31:54.200 --> 00:31:56.020
  • - WE HAVE A LOT, A LOT OF LEAFLETS.
  • 00:31:56.040 --> 00:31:58.190
  • - EVERY CONCEIVABLE MESSAGE YOU CAN IMAGINE.
  • 00:31:58.210 --> 00:32:01.060
  • - AND THE AMERICAN WARNINGS WERE COMPLETELY
  • 00:32:01.080 --> 00:32:03.120
  • NEGLECTED. AGAIN, THE JAPANESE THOUGHT THAT IF YOU ARE
  • 00:32:03.140 --> 00:32:07.170
  • DYING IN BATTLE, THAT'S NOT A BAD THING.
  • 00:32:07.190 --> 00:32:10.010
  • YOU CAN BE REWARDED IN ETERNITY, THERE'S GONNA
  • 00:32:10.030 --> 00:32:12.130
  • BE GREAT THINGS WAITING FOR YOU, SO THEY'RE NOT
  • 00:32:12.150 --> 00:32:14.130
  • AFRAID OF THIS NOTION.
  • 00:32:14.150 --> 00:32:16.070
  • AND SO THEY'RE EMBRACING THE IDEA OF DEATH.
  • 00:32:16.090 --> 00:32:18.140
  • BUT TRUMAN KNOWS THIS IS GONNA COST A LOT OF
  • 00:32:18.160 --> 00:32:20.210
  • AMERICAN LIVES.
  • 00:32:20.230 --> 00:32:22.070
  • - THE ESTIMATES WERE THAT IT WOULD COST ONE
  • 00:32:22.090 --> 00:32:24.210
  • MILLION AMERICAN LIVES IF WE HAD TO INVADE JAPAN
  • 00:32:24.230 --> 00:32:27.100
  • BECAUSE THEY WERE GOING TO FIGHT.
  • 00:32:27.120 --> 00:32:28.270
  • IT WOULD TAKE 2-4 MILLION ALLIED LIVES, AND
  • 00:32:28.290 --> 00:32:31.140
  • SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 5-10 MILLION JAPANESE WOULD
  • 00:32:31.160 --> 00:32:34.030
  • LOSE THEIR LIVES.
  • 00:32:34.050 --> 00:32:35.160
  • SO YOU'RE LOOKING AT ESTIMATES OF ANYWHERE
  • 00:32:35.180 --> 00:32:37.040
  • FROM 3 TO 15 MILLION PEOPLE LOSING THEIR LIVES
  • 00:32:37.060 --> 00:32:40.100
  • IN THIS, AND THEY WON'T SURRENDER, AND THAT'S
  • 00:32:40.120 --> 00:32:42.280
  • WHERE PRESIDENT TRUMAN SAID NO, WE'VE GOT TO BOMB.
  • 00:32:43.000 --> 00:32:46.150
  • WE TOLD YOU THAT WE'VE GOT A BOMB THAT WOULD DO
  • 00:32:46.170 --> 00:32:49.270
  • WHAT 2.000 OF THESE DID.
  • 00:32:49.290 --> 00:32:51.200
  • WE'RE NOT GONNA DO THIS.
  • 00:32:51.220 --> 00:32:53.090
  • SO WE DROPPED THE FIRST BOMB ON THE 6TH OF AUGUST
  • 00:32:53.110 --> 00:32:56.170
  • 1945. YOU HAD ABOUT 70.000 KILLED, ABOUT
  • 00:32:56.190 --> 00:33:00.060
  • 80.000 WITH RADIATION DEATHS AFTER THAT.
  • 00:33:00.080 --> 00:33:03.260
  • THREE DAYS LATER, THEY'RE STILL NOT SURRENDERING.
  • 00:33:03.280 --> 00:33:05.220
  • SAIPAN, WE'RE STILL BROADCASTING, WE'RE GONNA
  • 00:33:05.240 --> 00:33:07.120
  • DROP A SECOND BOMB.
  • 00:33:07.140 --> 00:33:08.280
  • TRUMAN, AFTER WE DROPPED THE FIRST BOMB, WENT ON
  • 00:33:09.000 --> 00:33:10.180
  • AIR AND SAID WE'VE GOT ANOTHER ONE.
  • 00:33:10.200 --> 00:33:12.110
  • SURRENDER OR WE'LL USE IT.
  • 00:33:12.130 --> 00:33:14.030
  • THEY WON'T SURRENDER.
  • 00:33:14.050 --> 00:33:15.110
  • WE DROPPED THE SECOND ONE.
  • 00:33:15.130 --> 00:33:16.250
  • WE'VE GOT ANOTHER ONE. WE'LL USE IT.
  • 00:33:16.270 --> 00:33:18.040
  • THEY WON'T SURRENDER.
  • 00:33:18.060 --> 00:33:19.160
  • IT WAS FIVE DAYS LATER BEFORE THEY FINALLY SURRENDERED.
  • 00:33:19.180 --> 00:33:21.200
  • SO THAT'S WHAT EVENTUALLY ENDED THE WAR.
  • 00:33:21.220 --> 00:33:24.240
  • AND ANYWAY YOU LOOK AT IT, THE USE OF ATOMIC
  • 00:33:24.260 --> 00:33:28.050
  • WEAPONS SAVED MILLIONS OF LIVES.
  • 00:33:28.070 --> 00:33:31.130
  • - WE ALSO HAVE A COUPLE OF IMAGES THAT IT'S
  • 00:33:31.150 --> 00:33:35.070
  • SPECIFICALLY SIGNED BY DUTCH VON KIRK WHO WAS
  • 00:33:35.090 --> 00:33:37.110
  • A NAVIGATOR OF THE ENOLA GAY.
  • 00:33:37.130 --> 00:33:39.080
  • AND IN THESE, IT'S INTERESTING WHAT HE SAYS,
  • 00:33:39.100 --> 00:33:41.140
  • AND LET ME READ A PORTION.
  • 00:33:41.160 --> 00:33:43.050
  • HE SAYS "MOST PEOPLE DO NOT RECALL WHY WE DROPPED
  • 00:33:43.070 --> 00:33:45.040
  • THE ATOMIC BOMBS.
  • 00:33:45.060 --> 00:33:46.180
  • IT WAS FORGOTTEN AFTER 64 YEARS."
  • 00:33:46.200 --> 00:33:48.210
  • SO IT TELLS YOU WHEN HE WROTE IT. 64 YEARS.
  • 00:33:48.230 --> 00:33:51.060
  • "ONLY REMEMBERING THE LARGE CASUALTIES THEY CAUSED.
  • 00:33:51.080 --> 00:33:54.070
  • WE DROPPED THE BOMBS TO END THE WAR AND STOP THE
  • 00:33:54.090 --> 00:33:56.290
  • KILLING BY DESTROYING MILITARY AND MILITARY
  • 00:33:57.010 --> 00:33:59.020
  • SUPPORT FACILITIES DEFENDING AGAINST AN
  • 00:33:59.040 --> 00:34:01.210
  • INVASION. EARLIER, WE DROPPED MILLIONS OF LEAFLETS
  • 00:34:01.230 --> 00:34:05.040
  • WHICH WERE LARGELY IGNORED."
  • 00:34:05.060 --> 00:34:07.150
  • NOW THE REASON IT'S SIGNIFICANT IS HE'S
  • 00:34:07.170 --> 00:34:08.200
  • REMINDING PEOPLE WE WARNED THEM.
  • 00:34:08.220 --> 00:34:12.130
  • MILLIONS OF LEAFLETS THAT WERE DROPPED.
  • 00:34:12.150 --> 00:34:15.140
  • THIS WASN'T SOME ARBITRARY ATTACK OF HOW
  • 00:34:15.160 --> 00:34:17.280
  • CAN WE BE DESTRUCTIVE AND DO SOMETHING THAT MIGHT
  • 00:34:18.000 --> 00:34:21.080
  • BE BAD, ALTHOUGH THAT IS PART OF HOW IT'S
  • 00:34:21.100 --> 00:34:24.040
  • PORTRAYED IN SOME OF MODERN ACADEMIA.
  • 00:34:24.060 --> 00:34:27.020
  • NOW, CERTAINLY NOT ALL ACADEMICS WOULD PROMOTE
  • 00:34:27.040 --> 00:34:29.240
  • THAT, BUT IT'S EVEN SOMETHING WE SAW,
  • 00:34:29.260 --> 00:34:32.230
  • IF YOU BACK UP TO THE 2014 A.P. U.S. HISTORY STANDARDS.
  • 00:34:32.250 --> 00:34:38.030
  • SO FOR A.P. HISTORY, IF YOU'RE IN HIGH SCHOOL,
  • 00:34:38.050 --> 00:34:40.140
  • IF YOU ARE A BRIGHT STUDENT, YOU MIGHT TAKE YOUR A.P.
  • 00:34:40.160 --> 00:34:43.000
  • COURSES. IF YOU TAKE THE A.P. HISTORY COURSE,
  • 00:34:43.020 --> 00:34:45.180
  • THE SECTION THAT COVERS WORLD WAR II,
  • 00:34:45.200 --> 00:34:48.120
  • THIS IS THE ENTIRE SECTION THAT COVERS WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:34:48.140 --> 00:34:51.160
  • - NOW, GUESS WHAT?
  • 00:34:51.180 --> 00:34:54.060
  • HITLER IS NOT MENTIONED ONCE.
  • 00:34:54.080 --> 00:34:56.030
  • THE HOLOCAUST IS NOT MENTIONED ONCE.
  • 00:34:56.050 --> 00:34:59.040
  • D-DAY IS NOT MENTIONED ONCE.
  • 00:34:59.060 --> 00:35:01.080
  • IWO JIMA IS NOT MENTIONED ONCE.
  • 00:35:01.100 --> 00:35:04.020
  • PATTON-- AND THAT'S PATTON'S FLAG THAT WAS ON
  • 00:35:04.040 --> 00:35:05.290
  • HIS CASKET. THAT'S A FOUR STAR FLAG.
  • 00:35:06.010 --> 00:35:07.180
  • PATTON IS NOT MENTIONED.
  • 00:35:07.200 --> 00:35:09.010
  • EISENHOWER IS NOT MENTIONED.
  • 00:35:09.030 --> 00:35:10.030
  • TRUMAN IS NOT MENTIONED.
  • 00:35:10.050 --> 00:35:11.140
  • NIMITZ IS NOT MENTIONED.
  • 00:35:11.160 --> 00:35:12.250
  • WHAT HAPPENED TO ALL THE GUYS?
  • 00:35:12.270 --> 00:35:15.100
  • - BUT WHAT IS MENTIONED IS THEY SAID THERE WAS
  • 00:35:15.120 --> 00:35:17.210
  • INTERNMENTS OF JAPANESE AMERICANS, CHALLENGES TO
  • 00:35:17.230 --> 00:35:20.140
  • CIVIL LIBERTIES, DEBATES OVER RACE AND SEGREGATION
  • 00:35:20.160 --> 00:35:23.040
  • AND THE DECISION TO DROP THE ATOMIC BOMB RAISED
  • 00:35:23.060 --> 00:35:25.120
  • QUESTIONS ABOUT AMERICAN VALUES.
  • 00:35:25.140 --> 00:35:28.080
  • NOW HERE'S WHAT'S CRAZY.
  • 00:35:28.100 --> 00:35:30.060
  • YOU COULD GO THROUGH AN A.P. HISTORY CLASS TODAY
  • 00:35:30.080 --> 00:35:33.250
  • AND LEAVE THINKING AMERICA WAS THE BAD GUY
  • 00:35:33.270 --> 00:35:36.070
  • FROM WORLD WAR II. WHY?
  • 00:35:36.090 --> 00:35:38.100
  • BECAUSE WE DIDN'T KNOW ANYBODY ELSE.
  • 00:35:38.120 --> 00:35:39.280
  • NOW THIS WAS 2014 STANDARDS.
  • 00:35:40.000 --> 00:35:41.290
  • THIS WAS SO BAD AMERICANS CRIED OUT, SAID YOU'VE
  • 00:35:42.010 --> 00:35:44.120
  • GOT TO CHANGE IT.
  • 00:35:44.140 --> 00:35:46.000
  • SO HERE'S THE 2015 STANDARD FOR WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:35:46.020 --> 00:35:48.270
  • IN THE 2015 STANDARDS, THEY DO MENTION THE
  • 00:35:48.290 --> 00:35:53.090
  • HOLOCAUST, AND THEY DO MENTION HITLER, BUT THEY
  • 00:35:53.110 --> 00:35:57.030
  • STILL KEEP ALL THE NEGATIVE THINGS ABOUT AMERICA.
  • 00:35:57.050 --> 00:35:59.200
  • WHEN WE TELL HISTORY IN SUCH A WAY THAT YOU COULD
  • 00:35:59.220 --> 00:36:01.180
  • LEAVE THINKING AMERICA WAS THE BAD GUY OF WORLD
  • 00:36:01.200 --> 00:36:04.020
  • WAR II, WE'RE DOING A DISSERVICE TO EVERY YOUNG
  • 00:36:04.040 --> 00:36:06.290
  • PERSON. BUT THIS IS PART OF WHAT WE HAVE
  • 00:36:07.010 --> 00:36:10.140
  • FORGOTTEN IN HISTORY.
  • 00:36:10.160 --> 00:36:11.260
  • THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS THAT DAYS LIKE
  • 00:36:11.280 --> 00:36:14.200
  • MEMORIAL DAY ARE SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT
  • 00:36:14.220 --> 00:36:17.030
  • ALLOWS THE OPPORTUNITY TO RETELL SOME OF THESE
  • 00:36:17.050 --> 00:36:19.070
  • FORGOTTEN STORIES, TO HELP REMIND ESPECIALLY
  • 00:36:19.090 --> 00:36:22.250
  • THE NEXT GENERATION OF THE PRICE THAT WAS PAID
  • 00:36:22.270 --> 00:36:25.250
  • FOR THE FREEDOMS, THE BENEFITS, THE LUXURIES
  • 00:36:25.270 --> 00:36:28.190
  • YOU GET TO ENJOY, AND THIS IS CERTAINLY
  • 00:36:28.210 --> 00:36:30.260
  • SOMETHING THAT WE JUST, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE NEXT
  • 00:36:30.280 --> 00:36:33.230
  • GENERATION, WE JUST DON'T KNOW MUCH APART FROM
  • 00:36:33.250 --> 00:36:36.200
  • TECHNOLOGY, RIGHT?
  • 00:36:36.220 --> 00:36:38.170
  • REALLY TECH SAVVY, NOT REAL GOOD WHEN IT COMES
  • 00:36:38.190 --> 00:36:40.240
  • TO HISTORY, ESPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO MILITARY
  • 00:36:40.260 --> 00:36:42.170
  • HISTORY OR EVEN WHAT OUR NATION LARGELY IS ABOUT.
  • 00:36:42.190 --> 00:36:46.140
  • - AND WHILE WE TODAY CAN IDENTIFY THE PATTON KIND
  • 00:36:46.160 --> 00:36:50.080
  • OF GUYS, WHICH IS GOOD, VERY FEW PEOPLE CAN
  • 00:36:50.100 --> 00:36:54.080
  • IDENTIFY THE JOHN BASILONES AND CHAPLAIN GOODE,
  • 00:36:54.100 --> 00:36:57.290
  • AND IT'S SO MANY OF THESE SMALLER GUYS THAT REALLY
  • 00:36:58.010 --> 00:37:02.050
  • MAKE THE HEART OF WHAT AMERICA IS AND WHAT
  • 00:37:02.070 --> 00:37:04.260
  • AMERICA DID AND WHAT ALLOWS US TO BE FREE AMERICANS.
  • 00:37:04.280 --> 00:37:08.020
  • I MEAN, IT IS GOOD WE'VE GOT THESE LEADERS, AND
  • 00:37:08.040 --> 00:37:10.070
  • EISENHOWER, AND NIMITZ AND THE OTHERS, BUT IT'S
  • 00:37:10.090 --> 00:37:13.050
  • THESE GUYS DOWN HERE THAT ARE SO SIGNIFICANT THAT
  • 00:37:13.070 --> 00:37:16.170
  • WE DON'T GET THE STORY ABOUT IN HISTORY TODAY.
  • 00:37:16.190 --> 00:37:19.090
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:37:19.110 --> 00:37:29.110
  • - SO SPEAKING OF UNSUNG HEROES, ONE OF THOSE
  • 00:37:29.130 --> 00:37:31.020
  • UNSUNG HEROES IS ED HARRELL.
  • 00:37:31.040 --> 00:37:33.110
  • ED HARRELL IS A VETERAN FROM WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:37:33.130 --> 00:37:35.170
  • HE IS A SURVIVOR OF THE SINGLE LARGEST LOSS OF
  • 00:37:35.190 --> 00:37:38.270
  • LIFE IN ANY SINGLE SHIP IN AMERICAN HISTORY.
  • 00:37:38.290 --> 00:37:41.200
  • HIS SHIP, THE U.S.S. INDIANAPOLIS, WAS SUNK
  • 00:37:41.220 --> 00:37:43.180
  • IN WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:37:43.200 --> 00:37:45.040
  • IT'S A VERY SIGNIFICANT EVENT THAT SHIP WAS PART
  • 00:37:45.060 --> 00:37:47.110
  • OF AND A VERY SIGNIFICANT STORY THAT ED HAS TO TELL
  • 00:37:47.130 --> 00:37:50.090
  • US. WE WERE RECENTLY WITH ED IN TENNESSEE.
  • 00:37:50.110 --> 00:37:52.140
  • HERE'S HIS STORY.
  • 00:37:52.160 --> 00:37:54.090
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:37:54.110 --> 00:38:00.280
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:38:00.280 --> 00:38:08.150
  • - WE'RE IN CLARKESVILLE, TENNESSEE.
  • 00:38:08.170 --> 00:38:10.060
  • WE'RE AT THE HOME OF VETERAN EDGAR HARRELL
  • 00:38:10.080 --> 00:38:12.180
  • FROM WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:38:12.200 --> 00:38:14.060
  • THANK YOU FOR INVITING US INTO YOUR HOME.
  • 00:38:14.080 --> 00:38:16.260
  • YOU WERE PART OF WORLD WAR II.
  • 00:38:16.280 --> 00:38:19.270
  • YOU WERE ON THE U.S.S.
  • 00:38:19.290 --> 00:38:21.200
  • INDIANAPOLIS, WHICH IS THE SINGLE GREATEST
  • 00:38:21.220 --> 00:38:23.130
  • LOSS OF LIFE FOR ANY SINGLE SHIP IN NAVAL HISTORY.
  • 00:38:23.150 --> 00:38:27.260
  • HOW OLD WERE YOU AT THE TIME?
  • 00:38:27.280 --> 00:38:30.050
  • - WELL, I VOLUNTEERED IN THE MARINE CORPS
  • 00:38:30.070 --> 00:38:32.080
  • WHEN I WAS 17 YEARS OLD.
  • 00:38:32.100 --> 00:38:34.220
  • I'M ALREADY IN THE MARINES FOR A PERIOD OF
  • 00:38:34.240 --> 00:38:36.270
  • TIME BEFORE THE SINKING OF THE INDIANAPOLIS,
  • 00:38:36.290 --> 00:38:41.050
  • WHICH HAPPENED JULY 30, 1945.
  • 00:38:41.070 --> 00:38:44.270
  • - HELP US PUT IN PERSPECTIVE WHAT THE
  • 00:38:44.290 --> 00:38:47.160
  • INDIANAPOLIS WAS ABOUT, WHAT IT WAS DOING.
  • 00:38:47.180 --> 00:38:49.140
  • WHAT'S THE OVERALL PICTURE OF THE
  • 00:38:49.160 --> 00:38:50.290
  • INDIANAPOLIS.
  • 00:38:51.010 --> 00:38:52.100
  • - WELL, OF COURSE, MUCH, MUCH MORE THAN
  • 00:38:52.120 --> 00:38:54.200
  • JUST TAKING THE ATOMIC BOMB OVER.
  • 00:38:54.220 --> 00:38:59.210
  • WHEN I WENT ABOARD, OF COURSE I WENT TO SAI
  • 00:38:59.230 --> 00:39:02.220
  • PAN, TEN AN, GUAM.
  • 00:39:02.240 --> 00:39:06.020
  • I WAS AT OKINAWA WHERE WE RECEIVED A KAMIKAZE
  • 00:39:06.040 --> 00:39:09.130
  • PLANE AND LOST SEVERAL BOYS.
  • 00:39:09.150 --> 00:39:12.180
  • AND BECAUSE OF THAT, WE HAD TO COME BACK TO THE
  • 00:39:12.200 --> 00:39:14.250
  • STATES FOR REPAIR, AND THEN AFTER REPAIR, THEN
  • 00:39:14.270 --> 00:39:18.040
  • WE GET THE TOP SECRET CARGO.
  • 00:39:18.060 --> 00:39:20.260
  • - WE KNOW FROM HISTORY THAT IT WAS PREDICTED
  • 00:39:20.280 --> 00:39:24.210
  • THAT IF WE HAD TO INVADE JAPAN, IT WOULD
  • 00:39:24.230 --> 00:39:27.220
  • COST MILLIONS OF LIVES, AND SO WHAT YOU GUYS
  • 00:39:27.240 --> 00:39:31.200
  • DID WITH THE INDIANAPOLIS, TO TAKE
  • 00:39:31.220 --> 00:39:34.140
  • THE ATOMIC BOMB OVER -- WHICH IS THE ONE THAT
  • 00:39:34.160 --> 00:39:36.230
  • YOU CARRIED OVER?
  • 00:39:36.250 --> 00:39:38.150
  • - LITTLE BOY.
  • 00:39:38.170 --> 00:39:40.010
  • - LITTLE BOY, SO THAT WAS THE FIRST ONE THAT
  • 00:39:40.030 --> 00:39:41.120
  • WAS DROPPED.
  • 00:39:41.140 --> 00:39:42.270
  • - THAT WAS THE FIRST TO DROP AT HIROSHIMA.
  • 00:39:42.290 --> 00:39:44.140
  • - THAT'S WHAT YOU WERE CARING AT THE TIME IN
  • 00:39:44.160 --> 00:39:45.240
  • THE INDIANAPOLIS.
  • 00:39:45.260 --> 00:39:47.070
  • - THAT'S AND HAST URANIUM THAT AMERICA
  • 00:39:47.090 --> 00:39:48.210
  • OWNED AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:39:48.230 --> 00:39:50.180
  • - SO YOU SUCCESSFULLY DELIVERED ALL THE STUFF
  • 00:39:50.200 --> 00:39:53.250
  • FOR THE ATOMIC BOMB.
  • 00:39:53.270 --> 00:39:55.130
  • AS YOU COME BACK, THE NIGHT YOU GET HIT,
  • 00:39:55.150 --> 00:39:58.260
  • YOU'RE SLEEPING UNDER THE TURRET OUT ON THE
  • 00:39:58.280 --> 00:40:02.160
  • -- THE FIRST TURRET ON THE DECK.
  • 00:40:02.180 --> 00:40:04.210
  • WITHIN 12 MINUTES, THE SHIP IS GONE.
  • 00:40:04.230 --> 00:40:07.200
  • DESCRIBE THOSE 12 MINUTES BECAUSE YOU
  • 00:40:07.220 --> 00:40:09.100
  • WERE SOUND ASLEEP, AND 12 MINUTES LATER,
  • 00:40:09.120 --> 00:40:11.150
  • THERE'S NO SHIP ANYMORE.
  • 00:40:11.170 --> 00:40:13.060
  • - SINCE WE HAD DELIVERED OUR CARGO,
  • 00:40:13.080 --> 00:40:15.280
  • THE CAPTAIN CAME ON THE SPEAKER AT THE CHANGE
  • 00:40:16.000 --> 00:40:19.130
  • OF THE WATCH IN THE EVENING AND SAID,
  • 00:40:19.150 --> 00:40:23.170
  • YOU'RE WELCOME TO COME TOP SIDE AND SLEEP
  • 00:40:23.190 --> 00:40:25.180
  • RIGHT OUT ON THE OPEN DECK.
  • 00:40:25.200 --> 00:40:27.210
  • I MADE MY PALETTE, AND THEN THAT FIRST
  • 00:40:27.230 --> 00:40:30.200
  • TORPEDO, I JUST KNEW THAT THE BOW OF THE
  • 00:40:30.220 --> 00:40:34.150
  • SHIP WAS CUT OFF.
  • 00:40:34.170 --> 00:40:36.210
  • AND THEN THE SECOND ONE WAS BACK CLOSE TO THE
  • 00:40:36.230 --> 00:40:40.180
  • NUMBER TWO TURRET, AND THE MAGAZINE UNDER THE
  • 00:40:40.200 --> 00:40:43.090
  • TURRET EXPLODED AND WENT THROUGH THE
  • 00:40:43.110 --> 00:40:45.110
  • TOP OF THAT TURRET.
  • 00:40:45.130 --> 00:40:49.020
  • AND YOU COULD FEEL AND HEAR ALL OF THAT WATER
  • 00:40:49.040 --> 00:40:52.170
  • COMING IN BELOW DECK.
  • 00:40:52.190 --> 00:40:54.170
  • THOSE FOUR BIG SCREWS ARE STILL PUSHING,
  • 00:40:54.190 --> 00:40:57.060
  • PUSHING, PUSHING, AND YOU COULD JUST KNOW
  • 00:40:57.080 --> 00:41:01.000
  • THAT SOMETHING DOWN BELOW IS HAPPENING.
  • 00:41:01.020 --> 00:41:03.230
  • WELL, IT'S THE BULK HEADS DOWN THERE JUST
  • 00:41:03.250 --> 00:41:06.110
  • CAVING IN, AND BEFORE I COULD GET BACK MID SHIP
  • 00:41:06.130 --> 00:41:10.220
  • TO MY EMERGENCY STATION, THE FIRST
  • 00:41:10.240 --> 00:41:13.170
  • HUNDRED YARDS OF THE SHIP IS UNDER.
  • 00:41:13.190 --> 00:41:15.260
  • IT'S LISTING TO THE STARBOARD SO THAT
  • 00:41:15.280 --> 00:41:18.160
  • NORMALLY, THE QUARTER DECK WOULD BE EIGHT
  • 00:41:18.180 --> 00:41:20.290
  • FEET ABOVE THE WATER LINE, BUT THERE'S WATER
  • 00:41:21.010 --> 00:41:23.270
  • ON THE QUARTER DECK.
  • 00:41:23.290 --> 00:41:25.290
  • AND WE KNOW THAT THE SHIP IS SINKING, BUT
  • 00:41:26.010 --> 00:41:29.100
  • FINALLY, WORD THEN TRICKLES DOWN.
  • 00:41:29.120 --> 00:41:32.010
  • IT'S LIKE AN ECHO, "ABANDON SHIP!
  • 00:41:32.030 --> 00:41:35.120
  • ABANDON SHIP." AND YOU COULD SEE IT COMING
  • 00:41:35.140 --> 00:41:39.130
  • DOWN AND HEAR IT, DIFFERENT ONES FROM
  • 00:41:39.150 --> 00:41:42.000
  • DIFFERENT STATIONS.
  • 00:41:42.020 --> 00:41:44.020
  • I'M HOLDING ONTO THE RAIL, AND I OFTENTIMES
  • 00:41:44.040 --> 00:41:46.260
  • SAY THERE'S TIMES WHEN YOU PRAY, AND THERE'S
  • 00:41:46.280 --> 00:41:50.230
  • TIMES WHEN YOU PRAY ! AND I'M PRAYING.
  • 00:41:50.250 --> 00:41:55.140
  • I KNEW TO WHOM I WAS PRAYING, AND I TOLD HIM
  • 00:41:55.160 --> 00:41:58.280
  • -- YOU KNOW, I DON'T WANT TO DIE.
  • 00:41:59.000 --> 00:42:03.170
  • MOM AND DAD BACK HOME, SIX YOUNGER BROTHERS,
  • 00:42:03.190 --> 00:42:06.290
  • OLDER SISTER AND A YOUNGER SISTER AND A
  • 00:42:07.010 --> 00:42:09.040
  • CERTAIN BRUNETTE THAT SAID THAT SHE WOULD
  • 00:42:09.060 --> 00:42:12.090
  • WAIT FOR ME.
  • 00:42:12.110 --> 00:42:14.150
  • I DON'T SAY THAT THE LORD SPOKE TO ME, THAT
  • 00:42:14.170 --> 00:42:18.120
  • I COULD HEAR AUDIBLY, BUT I KNEW HE WAS
  • 00:42:18.140 --> 00:42:21.190
  • TALKING TO ME.
  • 00:42:21.210 --> 00:42:24.070
  • I COULD HEAR THE WORDS, "I'LL NEVER LEAVE YOU
  • 00:42:24.090 --> 00:42:26.120
  • NOR FORSAKE YOU.
  • 00:42:26.140 --> 00:42:28.080
  • PEACE I GIVE UNTO YOU, NOT AS THE WORLD
  • 00:42:28.100 --> 00:42:30.270
  • GIVETH, GIVE I UNTO YOU.
  • 00:42:30.290 --> 00:42:32.200
  • LET NOT YOUR HEARTS BE TROUBLED.
  • 00:42:32.220 --> 00:42:35.170
  • DON'T BE AFRAID." AND WITH THAT JUST RINGING
  • 00:42:35.190 --> 00:42:38.270
  • IN MY EARS NEARLY, I KNEW THAT THE LORD WAS
  • 00:42:38.290 --> 00:42:43.260
  • SPEAKING TO ME, I'M GOING TO MAKE IT.
  • 00:42:43.280 --> 00:42:46.090
  • I CERTAINLY DIDN'T KNOW I'M GOING TO BE OUT
  • 00:42:46.110 --> 00:42:49.020
  • THERE ANOTHER NEARLY FIVE DAYS, BUT I
  • 00:42:49.040 --> 00:42:53.110
  • CLIMBED OVER THE RAIL AND JUMPED INTO THE
  • 00:42:53.130 --> 00:42:56.060
  • WATER FEET FIRST.
  • 00:42:56.080 --> 00:42:58.050
  • MY KAYPOK JACKET CAME UP OVER MY HEAD, AND I
  • 00:42:58.070 --> 00:43:01.120
  • MADE MY WAY, THEN, OUT TO THE FIRST GROUP OUT THERE.
  • 00:43:01.140 --> 00:43:06.020
  • MANY INJURED, WE'RE LOSING BOYS EVERY
  • 00:43:06.040 --> 00:43:08.100
  • LITTLE BIT BECAUSE OF INJURIES.
  • 00:43:08.120 --> 00:43:11.120
  • AND THEN DAYLIGHT COMES, AND YOU COULD
  • 00:43:11.140 --> 00:43:14.220
  • LOOK OUT AT ANY TIME, AND YOU COULD SEE A BIG
  • 00:43:14.240 --> 00:43:17.110
  • FIN OUT THERE GOING AROUND.
  • 00:43:17.130 --> 00:43:20.190
  • AND IN FAIRNESS TO THE SHARKS, THEY WEREN'T
  • 00:43:20.210 --> 00:43:22.290
  • ATTACKING US, BUT JUST LET SOMEONE GET OUT BY
  • 00:43:23.010 --> 00:43:27.040
  • HIMSELF, AND EVERY LITTLE BIT YOU'D SEE A
  • 00:43:27.060 --> 00:43:29.210
  • STRAGGLER OUT THERE, AND ALL OF THE SUDDEN,
  • 00:43:29.230 --> 00:43:32.170
  • YOU'D HEAR A BLOOD CURDLING SCREAM, AND
  • 00:43:32.190 --> 00:43:35.130
  • YOU'D SEE THAT BODY GO UNDER, AND THEN LIKE A
  • 00:43:35.150 --> 00:43:39.050
  • FISH CORK, THAT KAPOK WOULD BRING IT TO THE SURFACE.
  • 00:43:39.070 --> 00:43:42.250
  • NOW HE'S GOING TO BE WITH YOU, THOUGH, IN
  • 00:43:42.270 --> 00:43:45.160
  • THAT HOT SUNNY WEATHER.
  • 00:43:45.180 --> 00:43:48.200
  • HE MAY BE WITH YOU THE NEXT FIVE DAYS.
  • 00:43:48.220 --> 00:43:51.250
  • THAT 110 DEGREE SUN, YOU'RE BAREHEADED, AND
  • 00:43:51.270 --> 00:43:54.190
  • YOU'RE SWIMMING.
  • 00:43:54.210 --> 00:43:56.190
  • IT IS DECOMPOSING WITH YOU, AND THEY'RE
  • 00:43:56.210 --> 00:44:01.020
  • BUMPING INTO YOU LEAVING THAT RESIDUE ON YOU.
  • 00:44:01.040 --> 00:44:05.070
  • YOU'RE DESPERATE FOR WATER.
  • 00:44:05.090 --> 00:44:08.150
  • THE SECOND DAY, WHEN WE WERE SO THIRSTY THAT
  • 00:44:08.170 --> 00:44:12.130
  • BOYS WITH DARE TO DRINK SALT WATER.
  • 00:44:12.150 --> 00:44:15.230
  • THEY'D TEAR OFF SOME OF THEIR CLOTHING AND PUT
  • 00:44:15.250 --> 00:44:19.010
  • SOME WATER UP IN A PIECE OF CLOTH AND PUT
  • 00:44:19.030 --> 00:44:21.170
  • THEIR HEAD ON IT AND DRINK SOME SALT WATER.
  • 00:44:21.190 --> 00:44:24.140
  • BUT WITHIN THE HOUR -- YOU COULD NEARLY TIME
  • 00:44:24.160 --> 00:44:27.190
  • IT -- WITHIN THE HOUR, THEY DON'T KNOW
  • 00:44:27.210 --> 00:44:30.150
  • STRAIGHT UP, AND HERE WE ARE DOWN MAYBE 25 OR
  • 00:44:30.170 --> 00:44:36.020
  • 30 BOYS THAT ARE GONE OUT OF THE 80 NOW.
  • 00:44:36.040 --> 00:44:40.040
  • - IN YOUR GROUP, THERE'S 80.
  • 00:44:40.060 --> 00:44:43.080
  • YOU START WITH 80 IN YOUR GROUP.
  • 00:44:43.100 --> 00:44:45.080
  • - JUST IN MY GROUP. - JUST IN YOUR GROUP?
  • 00:44:45.100 --> 00:44:46.290
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:44:47.010 --> 00:44:48.210
  • WORD DIDN'T GET OFF THE SHIP.
  • 00:44:48.230 --> 00:44:51.150
  • THEY WOULD SAY THAT HAD RECEIVED A TORPEDO, BUT
  • 00:44:51.170 --> 00:44:54.270
  • WE SAW SOMETHING OUT THERE, AND IT APPEARED
  • 00:44:54.290 --> 00:44:59.270
  • TO BE A LITTLE RAFT, AND OF COURSE YOU
  • 00:44:59.290 --> 00:45:02.140
  • HOLLER, AND THEY BACK AT YOU.
  • 00:45:02.160 --> 00:45:04.210
  • UNTIL THAT LITTLE RAFT GOT CLOSE ENOUGH, WE
  • 00:45:04.230 --> 00:45:08.180
  • COULD SEE THAT THERE WERE FIVE SAILORS
  • 00:45:08.200 --> 00:45:11.160
  • AROUND THAT RAFT, AND AS THEY CAME IN, WE
  • 00:45:11.180 --> 00:45:15.030
  • COULD SEE NO ONE IS ON THE RAFT, BUT FIVE
  • 00:45:15.050 --> 00:45:18.140
  • SAILORS ARE AROUND IT.
  • 00:45:18.160 --> 00:45:20.150
  • WELL, WHAT WAS ON THE RAFT, THE ONE THING
  • 00:45:20.170 --> 00:45:23.060
  • THAT WE DESPERATELY NEEDED, WHICH WAS A
  • 00:45:23.080 --> 00:45:25.160
  • KAPOK CLAP JACKET.
  • 00:45:25.180 --> 00:45:27.270
  • THEY HAD TAKEN KAPOK JACKETS OFF OF BOYS
  • 00:45:27.290 --> 00:45:30.000
  • THAT ALREADY EXPIRED.
  • 00:45:30.020 --> 00:45:32.020
  • THE FIRST THING THEY TELL US, TAKE OFF YOUR
  • 00:45:32.040 --> 00:45:34.280
  • KAPOK JACKET, AND WE'D TAKE IT OFF, AND TWO
  • 00:45:35.000 --> 00:45:37.190
  • BOYS WOULD SQUEEZE OUT OPPOSITE DIRECTION, PUT
  • 00:45:37.210 --> 00:45:41.040
  • IT UP ON THAT RAFT.
  • 00:45:41.060 --> 00:45:43.000
  • THAT 110 DEGREE SUN IS DRYING THAT KAPOK OUT.
  • 00:45:43.020 --> 00:45:47.190
  • SO HERE WE ARE, AND NOW WE'RE IN THE
  • 00:45:47.210 --> 00:45:49.210
  • FOURTH DAY. MORE DEAD.
  • 00:45:49.230 --> 00:45:53.130
  • I DON'T KNOW WHERE THE RAFT IS.
  • 00:45:53.150 --> 00:45:55.150
  • I'VE DRIFTED AWAY FROM THAT, AND NOW THERE'S
  • 00:45:55.170 --> 00:45:59.260
  • DEBRIS EVERYWHERE OUT THERE.
  • 00:45:59.280 --> 00:46:02.250
  • AND AGAIN, WE SEE THOSE B-29s AT 30.000 FEET,
  • 00:46:02.270 --> 00:46:07.150
  • BUT NO ONE'S LOOKING FOR US.
  • 00:46:07.170 --> 00:46:09.180
  • AND THEN I LOOK AT THIS ONE SAILOR, AND I SAW
  • 00:46:09.200 --> 00:46:13.090
  • IN HIM WHAT I HAD SEEN SO MANY DO, AND I WENT
  • 00:46:13.110 --> 00:46:17.010
  • OVER AND SHOOK HIM BECAUSE HIS HEAD WAS
  • 00:46:17.030 --> 00:46:18.260
  • DROPPING IN THE WATER.
  • 00:46:18.280 --> 00:46:20.180
  • HE RAISED UP, BUT HE COULD NEARLY CARE LESS.
  • 00:46:20.200 --> 00:46:23.160
  • THE SECOND TIME I DID THAT, HE'S STILL ALIVE.
  • 00:46:23.180 --> 00:46:27.270
  • THE THIRD TIME, IT'S TOO LATE, SO IT'S JUST
  • 00:46:27.290 --> 00:46:30.030
  • MCKISSICK AND MYSELF.
  • 00:46:30.050 --> 00:46:32.080
  • AND THEN ALL OF THE SUDDEN -- I CAN
  • 00:46:32.100 --> 00:46:35.150
  • HEAR IT TODAY -- ALL OF THE SUDDEN,
  • 00:46:35.170 --> 00:46:37.220
  • "LOOK! LOOK! I SEE A PLANE! I HEAR A PLANE!"
  • 00:46:37.240 --> 00:46:41.240
  • AND I COULD HEAR A PLANE, AND I LOOKED AND
  • 00:46:41.260 --> 00:46:44.290
  • LOOKED AND LOOKED.
  • 00:46:45.010 --> 00:46:47.000
  • LIEUTENANT GUINN FLYING THAT VENTURA -- I CALL
  • 00:46:47.020 --> 00:46:50.260
  • IT A B-25 WITH WHEELS ON IT -- FLYING OUT OF PALOU.
  • 00:46:50.280 --> 00:46:54.270
  • HE HAD BEEN UP SOME 5.000 FEET.
  • 00:46:54.290 --> 00:46:58.150
  • HE'S HAVING TROUBLE WITH HIS RADIO ANTENNA.
  • 00:46:58.170 --> 00:47:01.150
  • HE CALLS THE COPILOT.
  • 00:47:01.170 --> 00:47:03.200
  • HE SAID, "TAKE OVER CONTROL.
  • 00:47:03.220 --> 00:47:05.250
  • I'M GOING TO GO AFT AND PULL IN MY RADIO
  • 00:47:05.270 --> 00:47:09.090
  • ANTENNA." THE STABILIZER ON THAT HAD COME OFF,
  • 00:47:09.110 --> 00:47:15.190
  • AND HE WAS GOING TO PUT A SOCK OR SOMETHING ON IT.
  • 00:47:15.210 --> 00:47:18.290
  • BUT AS HE TURNED IT OVER TO THE COPILOT AND
  • 00:47:19.010 --> 00:47:21.250
  • GOES AFT, HE LOOKS THROUGH THE BOMB BAY
  • 00:47:21.270 --> 00:47:25.210
  • DOOR, AND HE GLANCES DOWN AT THE WATER.
  • 00:47:25.230 --> 00:47:29.050
  • HE SAW THE OIL ON THAT WATER.
  • 00:47:29.070 --> 00:47:31.190
  • THE SUN HIT THAT, AND THAT TOLD LIEUTENANT
  • 00:47:31.210 --> 00:47:34.180
  • GUINN, THERE'S A JAP SUB DOWN THERE.
  • 00:47:34.200 --> 00:47:38.030
  • HE LOADED HIS BOMBS.
  • 00:47:38.050 --> 00:47:40.020
  • HE'S COMING IN ON A BOMBING RUN.
  • 00:47:40.040 --> 00:47:42.150
  • WE SEE HIM, "LOOK! HE'S COMING IN!"
  • 00:47:42.170 --> 00:47:45.080
  • WE'RE WAVING AND SPLASHING, BUT WHEN HE
  • 00:47:45.100 --> 00:47:47.210
  • GETS DOWN UNDER 500 FEET OR SO, HE SEES
  • 00:47:47.230 --> 00:47:51.190
  • BOYS AS FAR AS HIS EYES COULD TAKE HIM.
  • 00:47:51.210 --> 00:47:55.100
  • AND LATER, HE SAID, "YOU WERE SCATTERED
  • 00:47:55.120 --> 00:47:57.220
  • OVER 25 MILES." BUT I SEE HIM TODAY AS
  • 00:47:57.240 --> 00:48:02.190
  • HE CAME DOWN OVER MCKISSICK AND MYSELF.
  • 00:48:02.210 --> 00:48:05.090
  • HE'S CIRCLING.
  • 00:48:05.110 --> 00:48:07.170
  • I CAN SEE HIM TODAY IN THAT COCKPIT.
  • 00:48:07.190 --> 00:48:09.220
  • HE'S SAYING, I KNOW YOU'RE DOWN THERE.
  • 00:48:09.240 --> 00:48:13.200
  • DON'T KNOW WHO YOU ARE.
  • 00:48:13.220 --> 00:48:15.210
  • BUT HE GOES BACK UP, AND HE HAS TO GO UP
  • 00:48:15.230 --> 00:48:19.050
  • FIVE TO SEVEN THOUSAND FEET BEFORE HIS RADIO
  • 00:48:19.070 --> 00:48:22.210
  • WOULD REACH BACK AT PALOU.
  • 00:48:22.230 --> 00:48:24.290
  • HE DOES SO, AND HE ANNOUNCED, "DUCKS ON THE POND."
  • 00:48:25.010 --> 00:48:29.090
  • HE GIVES THEM OUR COORDINATES.
  • 00:48:29.110 --> 00:48:32.100
  • HE GETS HOLD OF ADRIAN MARX, A PILOT OF THE P.B.Y.
  • 00:48:32.120 --> 00:48:36.080
  • MARX SAYS, "WE'RE GASSED UP.
  • 00:48:36.100 --> 00:48:38.240
  • WE'RE READY TO COME.
  • 00:48:38.260 --> 00:48:41.140
  • I HAVE THE LOCATION OUT THERE." HE SAYS HE SAW
  • 00:48:41.160 --> 00:48:44.120
  • MORE SHARKS THAN HE SAW BOYS, AND THEY SAT THAT
  • 00:48:44.140 --> 00:48:48.040
  • BIG GOOSE DOWN, AND WHEN I SAY THEY SAT IT
  • 00:48:48.060 --> 00:48:50.270
  • DOWN, I SAW IT WHEN THIS CAME DOWN.
  • 00:48:50.290 --> 00:48:54.270
  • AND YOU TALK ABOUT PUTTING A PLANE IN A STALL.
  • 00:48:54.290 --> 00:48:59.240
  • THAT TAIL WAS DOWN, AND THEY'RE HOLDING
  • 00:48:59.260 --> 00:49:04.060
  • THOSE TWIN ENGINES UP.
  • 00:49:04.080 --> 00:49:06.010
  • BUT THAT TAIL CAUGHT AND ON A SWELL AND
  • 00:49:06.030 --> 00:49:08.290
  • PINCHED THE PLANE.
  • 00:49:09.010 --> 00:49:10.180
  • ONE ENGINE, ONE MOTOR, WOULD NEVER RUN AGAIN.
  • 00:49:10.200 --> 00:49:14.150
  • SO HE'S ONLY GOT ONE PROP NOW, AND ALL HE
  • 00:49:14.170 --> 00:49:17.240
  • CAN DO IS RUN THE SWELLS AND PICK UP
  • 00:49:17.260 --> 00:49:21.050
  • STRAGGLERS.
  • 00:49:21.070 --> 00:49:22.290
  • HE CAME DOWN MY TROUGH, AND THEY JUST THROW OUT
  • 00:49:23.010 --> 00:49:25.290
  • SOMETHING FOR ME TO GRAB HOLD OF.
  • 00:49:26.010 --> 00:49:28.200
  • I CAME OUT OF MY KAPOK JACKET, AND THEY DRUG
  • 00:49:28.220 --> 00:49:30.270
  • ME IN THE PLANE.
  • 00:49:30.290 --> 00:49:33.030
  • AND I MIGHT JUST SAY THEY PICKED UP 56, BUT
  • 00:49:33.050 --> 00:49:38.220
  • IF YOU KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT THE FUSELAGE OF A
  • 00:49:38.240 --> 00:49:40.270
  • P.B.Y., YOU WOULD SAY, "IT WON'T HOLD 56." IT WILL
  • 00:49:40.290 --> 00:49:45.000
  • IF YOU TIE SEVEN OUT ON THE WINGS.
  • 00:49:45.020 --> 00:49:48.210
  • HE CAN'T TAKE OFF.
  • 00:49:48.230 --> 00:49:50.290
  • ALL HE CAN DO IS WAIT FOR THE DOYLE TO COME
  • 00:49:51.010 --> 00:49:53.130
  • IN, AND WHEN THE DOYLE COMES IN, THEY TAKE US
  • 00:49:53.150 --> 00:49:56.210
  • OUT OF THE PLANE.
  • 00:49:56.230 --> 00:49:58.220
  • THEY TOOK ME ABOARD THAT DESTROYER AND
  • 00:49:58.240 --> 00:50:01.270
  • TUCKED ME BELOW DECK AND GAVE ME KEROSENE OR
  • 00:50:01.290 --> 00:50:05.050
  • DIESEL FUEL BATH TO GET THAT OIL OFF.
  • 00:50:05.070 --> 00:50:09.210
  • BUT ANY PLACE NEARLY WHERE YOUR FLESH HAD
  • 00:50:09.230 --> 00:50:13.110
  • RUBBED, NOW IT'S JUST ROTTEN.
  • 00:50:13.130 --> 00:50:17.000
  • AND WHEN THEY CLEANED THAT OFF, THEN BLOOD,
  • 00:50:17.020 --> 00:50:20.060
  • BLOOD, BLOOD, AND WHAT CAN YOU PUT ON IT?
  • 00:50:20.080 --> 00:50:24.030
  • WELL, WOULD YOU LIKE TO BE WRAPPED IN VASELINE GAUZE?
  • 00:50:24.050 --> 00:50:29.050
  • THAT'S WHAT THEY WERE DOING TO ME, BASICALLY.
  • 00:50:29.070 --> 00:50:32.150
  • AND THEN FROM THERE, THEY CUT TO A HOSPITAL
  • 00:50:32.170 --> 00:50:34.260
  • SHIP, THEN, AND I CAME TO GUAM.
  • 00:50:34.280 --> 00:50:37.220
  • THERE, ON THE SIXTH AUGUST, THERE WAS A
  • 00:50:41.120 --> 00:50:45.090
  • GENTLEMAN HERE THAT WAS FROM THE LOUISVILLE
  • 00:50:45.110 --> 00:50:48.280
  • COURIER JOURNAL.
  • 00:50:49.000 --> 00:50:51.200
  • HE SAID, "HEY, MARINE, DID YOU KNOW WHAT THAT
  • 00:50:51.220 --> 00:50:55.010
  • CARGO WAS THAT YOU WERE GUARDING?"
  • 00:50:55.030 --> 00:50:57.280
  • WE SAID, "NO, SIR.
  • 00:50:58.000 --> 00:50:59.220
  • WE DIDN'T KNOW." HE SAID, "YOU KNOW, TODAY,
  • 00:50:59.240 --> 00:51:01.130
  • HIROSHIMA." AND THEN THERE'S A FOUR-STAR
  • 00:51:01.150 --> 00:51:05.070
  • ADMIRAL THAT CAME IN AND SAT ON THE COT NEXT
  • 00:51:05.090 --> 00:51:09.160
  • TO ME AND TALKED TO ME AND PINNED THE PURPLE
  • 00:51:09.180 --> 00:51:14.100
  • HEART ON ME.
  • 00:51:14.120 --> 00:51:17.070
  • - WHEN THE ADMIRAL PUT THAT PURPLE HEART ON
  • 00:51:17.090 --> 00:51:19.180
  • YOU -- ALL YOU'VE BEEN THROUGH, YOU'RE JUST
  • 00:51:19.200 --> 00:51:21.250
  • FRESH OUR OF THE WATER, THOSE FIVE DAYS IN THE
  • 00:51:21.270 --> 00:51:23.250
  • WATER -- WHAT WENT THROUGH YOUR MY BELOVED
  • 00:51:23.270 --> 00:51:26.140
  • WHEN HE PUT THAT PURPLE HEART ON YOU?
  • 00:51:26.160 --> 00:51:28.050
  • - I LEARNED TO RESPECT HIM FOR ALL
  • 00:51:28.070 --> 00:51:31.260
  • THAT I COULD IMAGINE THAT HE'S HAVING TO GO
  • 00:51:31.280 --> 00:51:36.180
  • THROUGH, ALL THE BATTLES ALL OVER THE PACIFIC.
  • 00:51:36.200 --> 00:51:42.010
  • WE'RE LOSING BOYS BY THE THOUSANDS,
  • 00:51:42.030 --> 00:51:45.020
  • LITERALLY THOUSANDS EVERY DAY.
  • 00:51:45.040 --> 00:51:48.050
  • AND THEN I COULD SEE HIM, AND THEN NOW HE'S
  • 00:51:48.070 --> 00:51:53.120
  • PINNING THAT PURPLE HEART ON ME.
  • 00:51:53.140 --> 00:51:56.150
  • HE WISHED ME GODSPEED, SOMETHING LIKE THAT,
  • 00:51:56.170 --> 00:52:01.000
  • AND THANKED ME FOR EVERYTHING.
  • 00:52:01.020 --> 00:52:03.190
  • AND HE SALUTED, AND I COULDN'T SALUTE BACK TO HIM.
  • 00:52:03.210 --> 00:52:09.120
  • OKAY, BUT I CAN SEE IT. I CAN SEE IT TODAY.
  • 00:52:09.140 --> 00:52:15.000
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:52:15.020 --> 00:52:20.110
  • - TALKING ABOUT THESE GUYS RIGHT HERE.
  • 00:52:20.130 --> 00:52:22.210
  • THESE WERE THE MARINES ON THE INDIANAPOLIS.
  • 00:52:22.230 --> 00:52:26.110
  • WHICH ONES MADE IT?
  • 00:52:26.130 --> 00:52:28.050
  • - OKAY, MCCOY, AND THIS GUY,
  • 00:52:28.070 --> 00:52:32.170
  • AND DOWN HERE HUGHES AND RICH AND ED HARRELL
  • 00:52:32.190 --> 00:52:39.140
  • RIGHT HERE.
  • 00:52:39.160 --> 00:52:41.050
  • THAT'S FIVE OUT OF THAT WHOLE GROUP MADE IT.
  • 00:52:41.070 --> 00:52:45.190
  • - WHO ARE THESE?
  • 00:52:45.210 --> 00:52:51.020
  • - SPOONER AND REAGAN AND THAT ONE. THOSE JUST
  • 00:52:51.040 --> 00:52:58.290
  • CAME ABOARD, BUT AFTER THE PICTURE WAS MADE.
  • 00:52:59.010 --> 00:53:04.140
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:53:04.160 --> 00:53:06.110
  • - AND SO THESE ARE THE MARINES THAT MADE IT?
  • 00:53:06.130 --> 00:53:08.060
  • - THOSE ARE THE NINE MARINES THAT MADE IT.
  • 00:53:08.080 --> 00:53:10.030
  • ALL OF THEM ARE GONE.
  • 00:53:10.050 --> 00:53:11.260
  • I'M THE LAST MARINE STILL ALIVE.
  • 00:53:11.280 --> 00:53:14.050
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:53:14.070 --> 00:53:24.160
  • - MY NAME IS MARK DURFEE.
  • 00:53:24.180 --> 00:53:26.070
  • I WAS IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY.
  • 00:53:26.090 --> 00:53:27.240
  • MEMORIAL DAY TO ME MEANS WHAT MY
  • 00:53:27.260 --> 00:53:30.000
  • GRANDFATHER SACRIFICED.
  • 00:53:30.020 --> 00:53:31.210
  • HE WAS TAKEN P.O.W. BY THE GERMANS ON 12 OF '44.
  • 00:53:31.230 --> 00:53:35.110
  • BETWEEN HIS SACRIFICE AND THE SACRIFICE OF MY
  • 00:53:35.130 --> 00:53:37.100
  • THIRD GREAT GRANDFATHER ELIAS DURFEE, MADE IT
  • 00:53:37.120 --> 00:53:40.250
  • THROUGH ANTIETAM, GETTYSBURG, AND THE
  • 00:53:40.270 --> 00:53:40.290
  • WILDERNESS ONLY TO DIE IN A CONFEDERATE P.O.W.
  • 00:53:43.030 --> 00:53:45.070
  • CAMP WITH THREE SMALL CHILDREN AT HOME.
  • 00:53:45.090 --> 00:53:48.110
  • THEIR SACRIFICE AND THEIR SERVICE INSPIRED
  • 00:53:48.130 --> 00:53:50.230
  • ME TO GO SERVE, AS WELL, AND THAT'S WHAT
  • 00:53:50.250 --> 00:53:53.130
  • MEMORIAL MEANS TO US.
  • 00:53:53.150 --> 00:53:55.110
  • - MY NAME IS SARAH COMPTON, AND I AM THE
  • 00:53:55.130 --> 00:53:57.210
  • SURVIVING SPOUSE OF FIRST SERGEANT
  • 00:53:57.230 --> 00:53:59.230
  • JONATHAN COMPTON.
  • 00:53:59.250 --> 00:54:01.180
  • MEMORIAL DAY HAS ALWAYS HAD A GREAT
  • 00:54:01.200 --> 00:54:04.000
  • SIGNIFICANCE IN OUR FAMILY, EVEN WHEN MY
  • 00:54:04.020 --> 00:54:06.090
  • HUSBAND WAS LIVING, BUT EVEN MORE SO NOW
  • 00:54:06.110 --> 00:54:09.010
  • THAT HE'S GONE.
  • 00:54:09.030 --> 00:54:10.250
  • AND HERE NOW IN THE METROPLEX AREA, WE
  • 00:54:10.270 --> 00:54:13.100
  • HONOR MY HUSBAND. THERE'S A WALK.
  • 00:54:13.120 --> 00:54:18.230
  • WE CARRY THE LOAD, AND WE CARRY JONATHAN
  • 00:54:18.250 --> 00:54:21.060
  • WITH US EVERYWHERE.
  • 00:54:21.080 --> 00:54:23.050
  • - MY NAME IS KYLE ROGERS.
  • 00:54:23.070 --> 00:54:24.290
  • I WAS IN THE NAVY FOR FIVE YEARS.
  • 00:54:25.010 --> 00:54:26.200
  • I WORKED AS A HOSPITAL CORPSMAN.
  • 00:54:26.220 --> 00:54:28.020
  • I WENT TO AFGHANISTAN TWICE WITH THE THIRD
  • 00:54:28.040 --> 00:54:29.160
  • COMBAT ENGINEER BATTALION.
  • 00:54:29.180 --> 00:54:31.020
  • AND NATURALLY BECAUSE OF THAT, THERE'S A
  • 00:54:31.040 --> 00:54:33.150
  • HANDFUL OF MEN THAT I KNOW PERSONALLY THAT
  • 00:54:33.170 --> 00:54:35.290
  • AREN'T WITH US ANYMORE.
  • 00:54:36.010 --> 00:54:37.210
  • SO FOR ME, MEMORIAL DAY IS A TIME TO TAKE A
  • 00:54:37.230 --> 00:54:41.030
  • MOMENT ASIDE FROM ALL THE CELEBRATIONS AND
  • 00:54:41.050 --> 00:54:43.220
  • JUST TAKE THE TIME TO RAISE A TOAST TO THEM,
  • 00:54:43.240 --> 00:54:47.290
  • TELL A FUNNY STORY ABOUT ONE OF THEM AND
  • 00:54:48.010 --> 00:54:52.000
  • GO ON ENJOYING THE LIBERTIES THAT I GET TO
  • 00:54:52.020 --> 00:54:54.170
  • ENJOY NOW THAT THEY DON'T GET TO ANYMORE.
  • 00:54:54.190 --> 00:54:57.190
  • - MY NAME IS TIM. I'M RETIRED AIR FORCE.
  • 00:54:57.210 --> 00:55:00.050
  • WHAT MEMORIAL MEANS FOR ME IS TIMES TO REMEMBER
  • 00:55:00.070 --> 00:55:02.200
  • ALL OF THOSE THAT HAVE GIVEN THEIR LIVES IN
  • 00:55:02.220 --> 00:55:04.250
  • THE PAST FOR THE FREEDOMS THAT A LOT OF
  • 00:55:04.270 --> 00:55:07.130
  • AMERICANS TAKE FOR GRANTED THESE DAYS.
  • 00:55:07.150 --> 00:55:09.250
  • IT'S A TIME FOR REMEMBRANCE, ALLOW US
  • 00:55:09.270 --> 00:55:11.260
  • TO SPEND TIME TOGETHER AS A FAMILY, AND TO GET
  • 00:55:11.280 --> 00:55:14.100
  • TOGETHER AND JUST ENJOY THE FREEDOMS THAT WE
  • 00:55:14.120 --> 00:55:15.290
  • HAVE IN AMERICA.
  • 00:55:16.010 --> 00:55:17.260
  • - I'M DARYLL.
  • 00:55:17.280 --> 00:55:19.170
  • I'M AN ACTIVE DUTY ARMY CHAPLAIN, AND ONE OF
  • 00:55:19.190 --> 00:55:21.160
  • THE THINGS WE LIVE BY -- WE NURTURE THE
  • 00:55:21.180 --> 00:55:23.290
  • LIVING, WE CARE FOR THE FALLEN OR THE WOUNDED,
  • 00:55:24.010 --> 00:55:28.000
  • AND WE HONOR THE DEAD OR THE FALLEN.
  • 00:55:28.020 --> 00:55:30.030
  • AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I TRY TO DO AS A
  • 00:55:30.050 --> 00:55:32.040
  • CHAPLAIN, AND ONE OF THE THINGS I RECOMMEND
  • 00:55:32.060 --> 00:55:34.050
  • ANYBODY DO AT MEMORIAL DAY, IS JUST REMEMBER.
  • 00:55:34.070 --> 00:55:36.110
  • SO WHETHER YOU GO TO A NATIONAL
  • 00:55:36.130 --> 00:55:38.210
  • CEMETERY, WHETHER YOU HAVE A PICNIC WITH YOUR
  • 00:55:38.230 --> 00:55:40.220
  • FAMILY AND COOK OUT, JUST TAKE A MOMENT AND
  • 00:55:40.240 --> 00:55:42.200
  • REMEMBER THE SACRIFICE OF THOSE WHO HAVE FALLEN.
  • 00:55:42.220 --> 00:55:45.120
  • - MY NAME IS BRIAN. I'M A RETIRED U.S. ARMY
  • 00:55:45.140 --> 00:55:47.190
  • AIRBORNE INFANTRY MAN WITH SIX COMBAT TOURS.
  • 00:55:47.210 --> 00:55:50.170
  • MEMORIAL DAY IS A VERY DIFFICULT TIME FOR ME
  • 00:55:50.190 --> 00:55:53.220
  • BECAUSE I DID LOSE MANY GUYS OVER THERE, AND I
  • 00:55:53.240 --> 00:55:56.280
  • SPEND MEMORIAL DAY HONORING THEIR MEMORY,
  • 00:55:57.000 --> 00:56:00.140
  • BUT I WANT AMERICANS TO ENJOY THE DAY BECAUSE
  • 00:56:00.160 --> 00:56:03.270
  • THAT'S WHY WE FOUGHT.
  • 00:56:03.290 --> 00:56:06.020
  • - I'M REX KING. I'M A NAVY VETERAN COMBAT DISABLED,
  • 00:56:06.040 --> 00:56:08.260
  • VIETNAM. BOTH OF MY PARENTS SERVED IN WORLD WAR II,
  • 00:56:08.280 --> 00:56:12.080
  • AND KNOWING WHAT I KNOW FROM VIETNAM AND THE
  • 00:56:12.100 --> 00:56:16.210
  • NUMBER OF LETTERS I HAD TO WRITE HOME, WE ARE
  • 00:56:16.230 --> 00:56:19.200
  • HONORING THOSE WHO SERVED BY BUILDING GOLD
  • 00:56:19.220 --> 00:56:22.210
  • STAR FAMILY MONUMENTS ALL OVER THE UNITED STATES.
  • 00:56:22.230 --> 00:56:25.180
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:56:25.200 --> 00:56:30.270
  • - TODAY, WE'VE UNCOVERED SOME TRULY
  • 00:56:30.290 --> 00:56:32.090
  • REMARKABLE HISTORY.
  • 00:56:32.110 --> 00:56:33.290
  • WE NOW KNOW THAT GOD'S HAND WAS INVOLVED IN
  • 00:56:34.010 --> 00:56:35.200
  • EVERY ASPECT OF BRIAN BIRDWELL'S SURVIVAL.
  • 00:56:35.220 --> 00:56:37.260
  • WE KNOW THAT THE HIGHLY CONTROVERSIAL ATOMIC
  • 00:56:37.280 --> 00:56:40.250
  • BOMBS USED IN WORLD WAR II TOOK LESS LIVES THAN
  • 00:56:40.270 --> 00:56:44.100
  • THE ENEMY SLAUGHTERED BY HAND, AND WE ALSO
  • 00:56:44.120 --> 00:56:46.250
  • KNOW THE DRAMATIC EVENTS AND SAVED LIVES
  • 00:56:46.270 --> 00:56:49.210
  • ARE OFTEN THE RESULT OF THE LITTLE GUYS, THE
  • 00:56:49.230 --> 00:56:52.030
  • UNSUNG HEROES WHO SERVE OUR COUNTRY.
  • 00:56:52.050 --> 00:56:54.190
  • WHAT WE'VE SEEN AND HEARD ONLY SCRATCHES
  • 00:56:54.210 --> 00:56:56.210
  • THE SURFACE.
  • 00:56:56.230 --> 00:56:58.130
  • SO FOR ME INFORMATION ABOUT ANY OF TODAY'S
  • 00:56:58.150 --> 00:57:00.190
  • TOPICS, I INVITE YOU TO DISCOVER EVEN MORE
  • 00:57:00.210 --> 00:57:02.220
  • HIDDEN HISTORY AT OUR WEB SITE:
  • 00:57:02.240 --> 00:57:04.270
  • OR YOU CAN GO TO THE APP STORE ON YOUR SMART
  • 00:57:06.190 --> 00:57:08.120
  • DEVICE AND DOWNLOAD THE "WALL BUILDERS" APP, AND
  • 00:57:08.140 --> 00:57:10.100
  • YOU CAN ALSO GO TO OUR "WALL BUILDERS" FACEBOOK
  • 00:57:10.120 --> 00:57:12.090
  • PAGE AND LIKE US THERE.
  • 00:57:12.110 --> 00:57:14.030
  • AND BE SURE TO STAY TUNED TBN FOR MORE
  • 00:57:14.050 --> 00:57:15.290
  • EXCITING CHAPTERS IN AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:57:16.010 --> 00:57:19.060
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:57:19.080 --> 00:57:25.130