America's Hidden History | Jason Lee and The Whitmans | TBN

America's Hidden History | Jason Lee and The Whitmans

Watch America's Hidden History | Jason Lee and The Whitmans
November 7, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Jason Lee and The Whitmans

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  • (tense music)
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  • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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  • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton, and special guests
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  • as they uncover they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is "America's Hidden History."
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  • (intense music)
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  • - We're up in the mountains in the northeast
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  • of the U.S. where the individual we're talking about,
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  • the hidden hero of today's episode, comes from, Jason Lee.
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  • Now, Jason Lee was a founder of Oregon,
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  • but the reason he actually even went west
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  • from these New England mountains all the way
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  • out to Oregon was largely
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  • because of his Christianity.
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  • - Yeah, Jason Lee had an interesting story.
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  • His father was a soldier in the American Revolution,
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  • and his father actually moved into Canada,
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  • Quebec, Canada, and when they're in Canada,
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  • when Jason's only three years old, his father dies,
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  • and so at that point, the kids are on their own,
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  • and by the time Jason's 13, he's actually taking care
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  • of himself, he's self-sufficient,
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  • comes back to Massachusetts and he gets an education,
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  • and he decides he wants to be a minister,
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  • and he becomes a minister for the Wesleyan Methodists,
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  • and March of 1833, he came across an article
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  • in the Christian Advocate magazine
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  • that changed the course of his life.
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  • - But, let me back up because Lewis and Clark
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  • made a famous expedition, they went west,
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  • and this was the early 1800's.
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  • Well, Lewis and Clark made many Indian friends
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  • along the way.
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  • In fact, Clark goes and lives with Indians
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  • for several years.
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  • Well, he comes back, he's now in charge of Indian affairs
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  • for the U.S.
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  • Well, there was a group of Indians,
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  • and they decided there's something that we really need.
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  • They'd encountered some missionaries.
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  • In fact, there was a couple boys from their tribe
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  • who'd gone and then been trained by ministers,
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  • and they boys came back and were telling them about
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  • the God of the universe, and they said,
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  • we need to know more.
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  • There were hundreds of people who wanted to respond,
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  • who wanted to help, and so actually,
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  • over the next several years, even decades,
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  • there's a huge missionary movement of people saying,
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  • well, the Indians want to know the Bible,
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  • and they want to know about Christianity,
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  • we should go tell them.
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  • Jason Lee reads that account and says,
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  • I want to be the ones to go help.
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  • - He was one of the first guys to make the decision to go,
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  • and so what he did was he grabbed his nephew,
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  • and he and his nephew made the 3.000 mile journey
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  • across what eventually becomes the Oregon trail,
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  • and he becomes the first Protestant missionary
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  • to go from the east to the west.
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  • (intense music)
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  • - We're in Salem, Oregon and behind us is
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  • a First United Methodist Church of Salem,
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  • and the reason we're in front of it is because
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  • that church is there because of Jason Lee.
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  • Now, when we left Jason Lee, he was on his way out,
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  • and he was part of a big company
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  • that was coming out west.
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  • It took them several months making the journey
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  • to get out here, and they didn't actually come here.
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  • They actually went to Fort Vancouver,
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  • and Fort Vancouver at that time was a well-established fort,
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  • it's where safety was, so their company goes
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  • to Fort Vancouver, but the reason Jason Lee was coming,
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  • and the men that were with him,
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  • they wanted to be missionaries.
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  • We want to share the gospel, we want to reach the lost,
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  • so they were looking for a place where they could do that.
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  • Well, when they got here, they discovered
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  • that the Indians that had come to Vancouver,
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  • their tribe was fairly a nomad people
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  • and they weren't really established in a certain region.
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  • He said, well, then I'm not really sure where we need to go,
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  • so he starts looking.
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  • Well, where are there natives that need to hear the gospel?
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  • And it was at this point, they found the direction
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  • they needed to go.
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  • - Yeah, when they recently arrived, they were going to stay
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  • around Fort Vancouver.
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  • Now, there's a couple problems with that.
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  • One is, that was the center for Hudson Bay Company,
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  • and Hudson Bay Company was a British company
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  • that wanted all of the Pacific northwest to themselves.
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  • They wanted all the resources, all the furs,
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  • all the everything, and they had a monopoly on that,
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  • and so, here these guys end up in their region
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  • and that's really not what they want.
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  • In addition to that, as they started the ministry
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  • right there around, they found it was really
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  • a fairly unhealthy place and a lot of the Native Americans
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  • there were a lot more hostile and violent
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  • than in other places, so they came south
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  • into the Willamette Valley, the Willamette River,
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  • that's here around Salem,
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  • and so they sit up here and they started ministering.
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  • They started ministering to the Indians
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  • and they started schools and they did all the things
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  • you would expect missionaries to do,
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  • and it really was going well in so many ways,
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  • and then Jason says, well, you know,
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  • we really need to see this more of an organized area,
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  • because there's a lot of potential here.
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  • We got a lot of good ministry going on,
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  • why don't we set up and try to organize a territory here
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  • in this big great interesting United States?
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  • In addition to that, he says, you know,
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  • this being reliant on the Hudson Bay Company,
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  • this is not good.
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  • We need to be independent as a mission here,
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  • and so he helped form what's called
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  • the Willamette Cattle Company, and what they did was
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  • they went down to California,
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  • which at that time was Mexico,
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  • and they drove 750 cattle north back here,
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  • and 40 horses, and they got set up with their own ability
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  • to have their own food and provide their own milk
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  • and provide everything, and so they're starting to
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  • become independent, and now that they've got this going,
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  • they think, you know, this is a good time
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  • to go get some help.
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  • - There were other people that had joined,
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  • a few in number along the way.
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  • In fact, one of the groups that came,
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  • there were three young women that were in the group,
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  • and one of the young women, he met and thought,
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  • okay, this one's really impressive,
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  • she needs to be a Mrs. Lee,
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  • and he married her very shortly after she arrived,
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  • but they recognize, we still are gonna need a lot of help
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  • which is where they decide, let's go back east
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  • and let's try to get some help.
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  • - And so they get back east,
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  • and what he did was he went to Congress.
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  • He said, hey, you guys need to know
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  • there's a great territory out there
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  • and we've come up with a plan to organize this
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  • so we can have this territory,
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  • and so he lets Congress know about this great potential
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  • that's out there, but at the same time,
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  • he is looking for more help,
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  • and so he starts traveling for the next year,
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  • going all around that region saying,
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  • hey, look at the great potentials out there,
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  • and so after about a year of recruiting,
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  • they return back to Oregon and he's got 51 folks with him.
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  • - And it's worth pointing out that while he was gone,
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  • during this two year period, he actually got word
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  • that his wife had died during childbirth,
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  • so he actually married, at this time,
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  • it was his second wife, and so she ends up going with him
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  • back to Oregon, although she died shortly after, as well.
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  • This was a very trying time for him.
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  • Nonetheless, he did find 51 people to come back with him,
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  • and they really kind of changed things a little bit
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  • when they got back.
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  • - Yeah, they called it the Great Reinforcement,
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  • and when they got back, they've still got the mission,
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  • it's been developed really well,
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  • and they said hey, let's build a church,
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  • and that's what we have behind us.
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  • So, this is the church that was built when Jason Lee
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  • returned from that time in Washington, D.C.
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  • - But when they got here, they didn't just build the church.
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  • In fact, there was a lot of things that they got involved in
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  • and there's a little more to the story we need to tell you.
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  • (intense music)
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  • - We're standing outside the Oregon state capitol,
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  • and here is a statue of Jason Lee.
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  • Now, after Jason and the group returns in 1841,
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  • they get the church built and the spiritual side of things
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  • are really thriving, and Jason starts saying,
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  • now we need to make this self-sustaining,
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  • we need to get this strong, and so they
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  • start building gristmills, they start building sawmills.
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  • In addition to that, they say, you know,
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  • if all these settlers going to come in,
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  • if this going to be a new territory, we need education here,
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  • and so they found what is now known as Willamette University
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  • and then he says, and we have to be better organized,
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  • and so he presides over the organizational meeting
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  • of the territory, and then three years later
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  • is there for the organizational meeting
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  • of the government in the territory.
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  • So, he does a great job of making this a very sustainable,
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  • very strong territory in the United States.
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  • - Now, there was some accusations against him
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  • when it came to the mission work because
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  • people saw what he was doing for the territory
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  • and they said, wait a second, if you're spending time
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  • working on the territory,
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  • how are you going to be an effective minister of the gospel?
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  • Well, the conflict got bad enough that some of these
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  • other guys working the mission begin writing back
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  • to the mission board in the east.
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  • He had to go back to the east to give an account
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  • for all these accusations, and when he got there,
  • 00:08:06.130 --> 00:08:08.260
  • he had a defense for every single thing
  • 00:08:08.260 --> 00:08:10.180
  • that was against him, and well the board hears and they go,
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  • oh, well you have good reasons for everything.
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  • Okay, we exonerate you from all the charges against you,
  • 00:08:14.230 --> 00:08:17.260
  • but Jason, we already sent a replacement out,
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  • and while you were coming east, he was going west,
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  • he's already there.
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  • We can't just pull him at this point,
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  • so he's going to be the head of the mission
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  • but you're not in trouble anymore.
  • 00:08:28.290 --> 00:08:31.020
  • Well, that's kind of a mixed thing for Jason Lee
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  • because he's the one that founded the mission.
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  • He gets appointed out in the east to represent
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  • the Oregon territory, but before he goes very far with that,
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  • he actually gets sick and dies shortly after.
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  • He never makes it back to Oregon again,
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  • but the reason he has a statue here is because
  • 00:08:44.080 --> 00:08:47.040
  • Oregon became a state largely because of the work
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  • of Jason Lee,
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  • the mission out here, largely the work of Jason Lee,
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  • and what made Jason Lee special wasn't that
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  • he was a politician or businessman or frontiersman
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  • or woodsman, they said simply, he was someone who loved God
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  • and who wanted to serve people
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  • and he gave everything he had.
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  • There's no doubt, when you look at heroes
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  • from American history,
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  • Jason Lee certainly is one of those hidden heroes
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  • of American History.
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  • (easy music)
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  • - We've got an early biography over here
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  • and it's called "Jason Lee, the Prophet of New Oregon."
  • 00:09:17.180 --> 00:09:21.080
  • We've also got a very great portrait of him, right there,
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  • and it's cool that they highlighted the fact
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  • that he was there for a reason.
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  • He was there to spread the Christian religion
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  • and the good news to the inhabitants of the area,
  • 00:09:30.140 --> 00:09:33.120
  • but what's really cool is, we've got a newspaper.
  • 00:09:33.120 --> 00:09:37.000
  • This is The Globe newspaper, it's out of Washington, D.C.,
  • 00:09:37.000 --> 00:09:40.000
  • and this is in 1838, when Jason Lee comes back,
  • 00:09:40.000 --> 00:09:44.030
  • travels from coast to coast again,
  • 00:09:44.030 --> 00:09:47.030
  • and it says that some missionary meetings recently held
  • 00:09:47.030 --> 00:09:49.240
  • in this city, Washington, D.C., had been rendered
  • 00:09:49.240 --> 00:09:52.160
  • particularly interesting by the presence
  • 00:09:52.160 --> 00:09:54.180
  • of the Reverend Jason Lee, one of the earliest missionaries
  • 00:09:54.180 --> 00:09:57.100
  • to that region.
  • 00:09:57.100 --> 00:09:58.250
  • So, he's back, doing the good work, having other people,
  • 00:09:58.250 --> 00:10:01.070
  • encouraging other people to follow them out there
  • 00:10:01.070 --> 00:10:03.030
  • to also help spread the good news of the gospel.
  • 00:10:03.030 --> 00:10:06.210
  • (intense music)
  • 00:10:06.210 --> 00:10:09.100
  • - We're up in the northeast, actually talking about
  • 00:10:29.060 --> 00:10:30.210
  • two people who really are known for helping blaze
  • 00:10:30.210 --> 00:10:33.260
  • the Oregon trail, but it was two Christian missionaries,
  • 00:10:33.260 --> 00:10:35.290
  • Marcus and Narcissa Whitman.
  • 00:10:35.290 --> 00:10:37.150
  • Now, they were both from the state of New York.
  • 00:10:37.150 --> 00:10:39.120
  • They both were people who end up becoming Christians,
  • 00:10:39.120 --> 00:10:42.030
  • and actually are from a region that was known as
  • 00:10:42.030 --> 00:10:44.240
  • the burned-over region, because the fire of revival
  • 00:10:44.240 --> 00:10:48.010
  • had spread so much through New York,
  • 00:10:48.010 --> 00:10:49.270
  • they thought, there's nothing left to burn,
  • 00:10:49.270 --> 00:10:51.080
  • we've all been revivaled.
  • 00:10:51.080 --> 00:10:52.240
  • - And they have parallel tracks, very different stories,
  • 00:10:52.240 --> 00:10:56.000
  • but you start back with Narcissa.
  • 00:10:56.000 --> 00:10:58.030
  • She's born in 1808, and Marcus is born six years
  • 00:10:58.030 --> 00:11:01.190
  • earlier in 1802.
  • 00:11:01.190 --> 00:11:02.250
  • Now, they lived about 40 miles apart,
  • 00:11:02.250 --> 00:11:04.090
  • really didn't know each other,
  • 00:11:04.090 --> 00:11:05.240
  • but they're both very passionate about the Lord.
  • 00:11:05.240 --> 00:11:07.170
  • As a matter of fact, Narcissa had her first experience
  • 00:11:07.170 --> 00:11:10.070
  • with the Lord when she was 11 years old.
  • 00:11:10.070 --> 00:11:11.190
  • One of those waves of revival came through
  • 00:11:11.190 --> 00:11:13.180
  • and she committed herself to the Lord,
  • 00:11:13.180 --> 00:11:14.270
  • became a Christian, and then about,
  • 00:11:14.270 --> 00:11:17.020
  • actually about when she's 16, the second wave of revival
  • 00:11:17.020 --> 00:11:19.170
  • comes through and she says, not only am I a Christian,
  • 00:11:19.170 --> 00:11:22.080
  • I want to be a missionary,
  • 00:11:22.080 --> 00:11:23.220
  • and so she starts reading every magazine she can
  • 00:11:23.220 --> 00:11:26.060
  • get a hold of on missions,
  • 00:11:26.060 --> 00:11:27.270
  • and she grew up in a rural area of New York
  • 00:11:27.270 --> 00:11:30.020
  • which meant she had to know how to do a lot of everything,
  • 00:11:30.020 --> 00:11:32.170
  • and by the way, she's one of the first women
  • 00:11:32.170 --> 00:11:34.140
  • in that entire area to get an academic education,
  • 00:11:34.140 --> 00:11:37.080
  • which really prepared her very well
  • 00:11:37.080 --> 00:11:39.110
  • for what they're going to have to do out west
  • 00:11:39.110 --> 00:11:40.240
  • where she does have to do everything by herself
  • 00:11:40.240 --> 00:11:42.190
  • and needs a good education,
  • 00:11:42.190 --> 00:11:44.030
  • and then you have Marcus, who lives in a different area.
  • 00:11:44.030 --> 00:11:45.280
  • Now, he became a Christian at a young age, too,
  • 00:11:45.280 --> 00:11:48.020
  • and so by the time he's 18, he wants to go into the ministry
  • 00:11:48.020 --> 00:11:50.260
  • and his parents say, no, you don't want to go
  • 00:11:50.260 --> 00:11:52.260
  • into the ministry, you want to be a doctor.
  • 00:11:52.260 --> 00:11:54.200
  • I want to be a doctor?
  • 00:11:54.200 --> 00:11:55.180
  • You want to be a doctor.
  • 00:11:55.180 --> 00:11:56.260
  • Well that decision for them was kind of easy,
  • 00:11:56.260 --> 00:11:59.000
  • it took you about seven years to become a minister,
  • 00:11:59.000 --> 00:12:01.090
  • only took you three years to become a doctor.
  • 00:12:01.090 --> 00:12:03.050
  • So, he becomes a medical guy and he's really good
  • 00:12:03.050 --> 00:12:05.070
  • in the region, people really love him.
  • 00:12:05.070 --> 00:12:06.220
  • He really does a great job of being a physician,
  • 00:12:06.220 --> 00:12:09.120
  • and he decides he wants to be a medical missionary,
  • 00:12:09.120 --> 00:12:12.230
  • and so he applies to be a medical missionary
  • 00:12:12.230 --> 00:12:14.270
  • but they say, ah, sorry, we don't take unmarried guys,
  • 00:12:14.270 --> 00:12:18.140
  • sorry about that.
  • 00:12:18.140 --> 00:12:19.210
  • About the same time, he comes across a guy
  • 00:12:19.210 --> 00:12:21.100
  • named Samuel Parker.
  • 00:12:21.100 --> 00:12:22.230
  • The Reverend Samuel Parker had read an article
  • 00:12:22.230 --> 00:12:25.130
  • in a March 1833 magazine that talked about Indians out west.
  • 00:12:25.130 --> 00:12:30.010
  • - Yeah, and actually that article got circulated
  • 00:12:30.010 --> 00:12:31.190
  • all over the U.S., all over the early colonies,
  • 00:12:31.190 --> 00:12:34.050
  • all over these early states,
  • 00:12:34.050 --> 00:12:35.190
  • so people are singing, the article was about four Indians
  • 00:12:35.190 --> 00:12:38.110
  • who had come from the Oregon and Washington territory.
  • 00:12:38.110 --> 00:12:41.000
  • They go 2.000 miles down to Missouri
  • 00:12:41.000 --> 00:12:44.090
  • and they actually came in search of the Great Book.
  • 00:12:44.090 --> 00:12:46.180
  • Well, the Great Book they were looking for
  • 00:12:46.180 --> 00:12:47.280
  • was the Bible.
  • 00:12:47.280 --> 00:12:49.120
  • They wanted someone that could explain the Bible to them,
  • 00:12:49.120 --> 00:12:51.060
  • that could explain the gospel to them,
  • 00:12:51.060 --> 00:12:52.120
  • explain about the great Creator to them,
  • 00:12:52.120 --> 00:12:54.190
  • and they wanted somebody to come out to their tribes.
  • 00:12:54.190 --> 00:12:56.280
  • Well, as Christians begin to find out,
  • 00:12:56.280 --> 00:12:59.030
  • they said, well we should do something.
  • 00:12:59.030 --> 00:13:00.180
  • Hundreds of people said, we want to get involved,
  • 00:13:00.180 --> 00:13:02.270
  • and they begin an influx of missionaries
  • 00:13:02.270 --> 00:13:04.290
  • wanting to go west.
  • 00:13:04.290 --> 00:13:06.140
  • Well, this is part of that article that was read.
  • 00:13:06.140 --> 00:13:08.070
  • - Yeah, and so Dr. Parker sees that and says,
  • 00:13:08.070 --> 00:13:10.030
  • I want to be one of those guys, I want to go west.
  • 00:13:10.030 --> 00:13:12.020
  • Who wants to go with me?
  • 00:13:12.020 --> 00:13:13.160
  • And so he started holding meetings all over that
  • 00:13:13.160 --> 00:13:15.160
  • burned-out district, and saying,
  • 00:13:15.160 --> 00:13:16.270
  • who wants to go to mission work with me,
  • 00:13:16.270 --> 00:13:18.240
  • and so he was preaching one night in Narcissa's church
  • 00:13:18.240 --> 00:13:21.240
  • where her family was and she heard that and she said,
  • 00:13:21.240 --> 00:13:23.290
  • I want to go, and so when she applied, they said,
  • 00:13:23.290 --> 00:13:26.130
  • sorry, we don't take single ladies as missionaries.
  • 00:13:26.130 --> 00:13:29.200
  • So, you got Marcus who wants to go,
  • 00:13:29.200 --> 00:13:31.220
  • Narcissa who wants to go, they're both single,
  • 00:13:31.220 --> 00:13:33.120
  • and that's a problem.
  • 00:13:33.120 --> 00:13:35.050
  • - Yeah, it was kind of like this marriage of convenience,
  • 00:13:35.050 --> 00:13:37.010
  • almost, I don't know how it unfolded,
  • 00:13:37.010 --> 00:13:38.190
  • but we know they end up getting together.
  • 00:13:38.190 --> 00:13:40.140
  • - And they get married, and the very next day
  • 00:13:40.140 --> 00:13:43.010
  • they set out together to go to the Oregon territory,
  • 00:13:43.010 --> 00:13:46.040
  • and they went across a trail that people had been across
  • 00:13:46.040 --> 00:13:48.120
  • before but never had an Anglo woman ever crossed
  • 00:13:48.120 --> 00:13:50.270
  • into the Rockies, so she becomes the first,
  • 00:13:50.270 --> 00:13:53.100
  • and never had a wagon gone across that trail,
  • 00:13:53.100 --> 00:13:55.100
  • and they took a wagon and took all their gear
  • 00:13:55.100 --> 00:13:57.200
  • with them and everything.
  • 00:13:57.200 --> 00:13:59.040
  • So, they really kind of opened up what became known
  • 00:13:59.040 --> 00:14:01.190
  • as the Oregon trail, and they showed it's possible
  • 00:14:01.190 --> 00:14:03.190
  • for families to come from the east and go west,
  • 00:14:03.190 --> 00:14:06.040
  • and they actually kind of blazed a trail like this
  • 00:14:06.040 --> 00:14:08.160
  • that went west, but that's just a part of their story.
  • 00:14:08.160 --> 00:14:12.110
  • (intense music)
  • 00:14:12.110 --> 00:14:15.010
  • So when Marcus had made his trip west to explore,
  • 00:14:24.120 --> 00:14:27.090
  • he came right along this trail.
  • 00:14:27.090 --> 00:14:29.130
  • Now, it didn't look like this yet,
  • 00:14:29.130 --> 00:14:30.280
  • this is the Oregon trail, this is what it looked like
  • 00:14:30.280 --> 00:14:32.250
  • after all the wagons followed him,
  • 00:14:32.250 --> 00:14:34.230
  • but he came along here and he ended up
  • 00:14:34.230 --> 00:14:36.130
  • here in Wyoming.
  • 00:14:36.130 --> 00:14:37.270
  • Now, they've come with a couple named the Spaldings,
  • 00:14:37.270 --> 00:14:40.230
  • and so as they're coming along,
  • 00:14:40.230 --> 00:14:42.180
  • Narcissa keeps a journal of everything that's happening,
  • 00:14:42.180 --> 00:14:45.040
  • and she crosses through the trail here.
  • 00:14:45.040 --> 00:14:48.220
  • Now, Narcissa in her notes records that it was really
  • 00:14:48.220 --> 00:14:51.140
  • a different thing for her because,
  • 00:14:51.140 --> 00:14:53.280
  • as they would meet these Indian tribes,
  • 00:14:53.280 --> 00:14:55.290
  • Indians had never before seen a white woman,
  • 00:14:55.290 --> 00:14:58.080
  • and this is something new, and so the ladies would stay
  • 00:14:58.080 --> 00:15:01.160
  • in the wagon and they would raise the covers of the wagon,
  • 00:15:01.160 --> 00:15:03.220
  • look and point, oh look at these,
  • 00:15:03.220 --> 00:15:05.250
  • we've never seen anything like this.
  • 00:15:05.250 --> 00:15:07.130
  • When she gets out west, her journal's actually published
  • 00:15:07.130 --> 00:15:10.130
  • back east, and when that journal is published,
  • 00:15:10.130 --> 00:15:13.160
  • all of a sudden, interest goes up in the east, said,
  • 00:15:13.160 --> 00:15:15.150
  • hey, these women made it west and they made it in a wagon,
  • 00:15:15.150 --> 00:15:19.140
  • we can do that, too,
  • 00:15:19.140 --> 00:15:21.020
  • and so by the thousands, people started coming west,
  • 00:15:21.020 --> 00:15:24.020
  • and that's where you get the Oregon trail,
  • 00:15:24.020 --> 00:15:26.110
  • following the trail that really Marcus and Narcissa
  • 00:15:26.110 --> 00:15:28.260
  • had publicized, all these wagons going to west
  • 00:15:28.260 --> 00:15:31.230
  • to find a new life.
  • 00:15:31.230 --> 00:15:33.050
  • (intense music)
  • 00:15:33.050 --> 00:15:35.250
  • - We're standing beside Register Cliff in Wyoming,
  • 00:15:43.040 --> 00:15:45.050
  • and if you notice there's actually a lot of names
  • 00:15:45.050 --> 00:15:47.140
  • inscribed along this cliff,
  • 00:15:47.140 --> 00:15:49.160
  • and this was part of the Oregon trail.
  • 00:15:49.160 --> 00:15:51.150
  • For hundreds of years it seems that people have come along
  • 00:15:51.150 --> 00:15:54.170
  • and carved their name, maybe to let people know
  • 00:15:54.170 --> 00:15:56.120
  • they were here, but this was one of the stops
  • 00:15:56.120 --> 00:15:58.110
  • for the Whitmans along the Oregon trail.
  • 00:15:58.110 --> 00:15:59.260
  • - It was.
  • 00:15:59.260 --> 00:16:01.070
  • Now, after the Whitmans made it out to the west
  • 00:16:01.070 --> 00:16:02.180
  • and the Spalding family was with them,
  • 00:16:02.180 --> 00:16:04.040
  • their purpose was to be missionaries
  • 00:16:04.040 --> 00:16:05.200
  • to Native Americans, and so the Spaldings went one way,
  • 00:16:05.200 --> 00:16:08.000
  • set up a mission, Marcus and Narcissa set up their mission,
  • 00:16:08.000 --> 00:16:11.010
  • and their mission was for the Cayuse Indians,
  • 00:16:11.010 --> 00:16:13.010
  • and so for the next several years,
  • 00:16:13.010 --> 00:16:14.240
  • the mission's operating, it's running,
  • 00:16:14.240 --> 00:16:16.200
  • it's doing its missionary work,
  • 00:16:16.200 --> 00:16:18.020
  • and then in 1842, Marcus gets word
  • 00:16:18.020 --> 00:16:20.210
  • from the American Board of Commissions and Foreign Missions,
  • 00:16:20.210 --> 00:16:22.250
  • who originally funded them and sent them out there,
  • 00:16:22.250 --> 00:16:25.060
  • they said, hey, we've decided we're not liking
  • 00:16:25.060 --> 00:16:27.180
  • what's going on, we're going to cut your funding,
  • 00:16:27.180 --> 00:16:29.110
  • because word had gotten back to them from some naysayers
  • 00:16:29.110 --> 00:16:32.010
  • that said, oh, that work is not worth anything,
  • 00:16:32.010 --> 00:16:34.000
  • and Marcus is going no, because if they cut the funding,
  • 00:16:34.000 --> 00:16:36.260
  • that essentially cuts the missionary work going on.
  • 00:16:36.260 --> 00:16:39.060
  • So, this is winter time, he gets the word.
  • 00:16:39.060 --> 00:16:41.230
  • He hops on horseback, he takes off back to the east coast
  • 00:16:41.230 --> 00:16:44.240
  • in winter, is crossing the Rocky Mountains,
  • 00:16:44.240 --> 00:16:47.020
  • crossing the high peaks, crossing all the stuff that passes
  • 00:16:47.020 --> 00:16:49.200
  • in winter time.
  • 00:16:49.200 --> 00:16:50.270
  • He made it back to the east coast.
  • 00:16:50.270 --> 00:16:52.140
  • He said, guys you don't understand what's happening here.
  • 00:16:52.140 --> 00:16:54.030
  • Let me tell you,
  • 00:16:54.030 --> 00:16:55.170
  • and they said, oh, that's, yeah, we do want to fund that,
  • 00:16:55.170 --> 00:16:57.230
  • so they reinstated his funding,
  • 00:16:57.230 --> 00:16:59.110
  • so he gets on horseback and now is coming
  • 00:16:59.110 --> 00:17:01.130
  • back out west, and as he gets about halfway across the
  • 00:17:01.130 --> 00:17:04.040
  • United States he comes on a group that's debating
  • 00:17:04.040 --> 00:17:06.140
  • whether they should go to the Oregon territory or not.
  • 00:17:06.140 --> 00:17:09.210
  • I don't think we can get wagons there
  • 00:17:09.210 --> 00:17:11.210
  • and I don't know if we can get women there,
  • 00:17:11.210 --> 00:17:13.050
  • and it's going to be really hard,
  • 00:17:13.050 --> 00:17:14.200
  • and he says guys, I've been over the trail several times,
  • 00:17:14.200 --> 00:17:16.180
  • I can help get you there,
  • 00:17:16.180 --> 00:17:18.110
  • and so as he talked to them, said yeah, bring your wagons,
  • 00:17:18.110 --> 00:17:21.190
  • they started off, and there was 120 wagons,
  • 00:17:21.190 --> 00:17:24.110
  • there was 1.000 people, and there were several thousand
  • 00:17:24.110 --> 00:17:26.240
  • head of cattle, and so Marcus leads them across
  • 00:17:26.240 --> 00:17:30.050
  • what is now known as the Oregon trail,
  • 00:17:30.050 --> 00:17:32.180
  • and this is one of the locations where the settlers,
  • 00:17:32.180 --> 00:17:35.030
  • and they did this for decades,
  • 00:17:35.030 --> 00:17:36.160
  • is they would come across anywhere they could find a place
  • 00:17:36.160 --> 00:17:38.140
  • to give some kind of a sign that they had been there,
  • 00:17:38.140 --> 00:17:41.000
  • that was word for their family that might come after,
  • 00:17:41.000 --> 00:17:43.070
  • because there's no communication out here,
  • 00:17:43.070 --> 00:17:44.210
  • there's no mail, there's no telegraph.
  • 00:17:44.210 --> 00:17:46.140
  • You don't know if your family made it or not.
  • 00:17:46.140 --> 00:17:48.090
  • You don't hear from them,
  • 00:17:48.090 --> 00:17:49.240
  • and so settlers coming out would try to find places
  • 00:17:49.240 --> 00:17:52.050
  • where they could carve their name in the rock
  • 00:17:52.050 --> 00:17:53.260
  • and leave a message and that's part of what's here.
  • 00:17:53.260 --> 00:17:55.290
  • So, Marcus brings that entire group out.
  • 00:17:55.290 --> 00:17:58.030
  • He gets them out in the Oregon territory,
  • 00:17:58.030 --> 00:18:00.140
  • and they were quite a remarkable group,
  • 00:18:00.140 --> 00:18:02.170
  • at least that's the word from those who lived among them.
  • 00:18:02.170 --> 00:18:04.170
  • - Although the trek was very difficult-
  • 00:18:04.170 --> 00:18:06.210
  • - It was. - Not an easy thing to do,
  • 00:18:06.210 --> 00:18:08.070
  • months, in fact, tens of thousands of people died.
  • 00:18:08.070 --> 00:18:10.280
  • This was not an easy thing to do,
  • 00:18:10.280 --> 00:18:13.000
  • but the Whitmans certainly helped lead a big group
  • 00:18:13.000 --> 00:18:15.210
  • and blaze that trail out to Oregon.
  • 00:18:15.210 --> 00:18:17.170
  • - Yeah, eventually you had 400.000 Americans come along
  • 00:18:17.170 --> 00:18:21.080
  • the Oregon trail, and that's really why you ended up
  • 00:18:21.080 --> 00:18:24.170
  • with the states of Idaho.
  • 00:18:24.170 --> 00:18:26.070
  • You ended up with the states of Oregon,
  • 00:18:26.070 --> 00:18:27.230
  • the states of Washington,
  • 00:18:27.230 --> 00:18:29.050
  • because so many Americans made it out there,
  • 00:18:29.050 --> 00:18:30.190
  • they made it into territories.
  • 00:18:30.190 --> 00:18:31.290
  • They eventually become states,
  • 00:18:31.290 --> 00:18:33.200
  • but that's largely because of the trailblazing work
  • 00:18:33.200 --> 00:18:35.280
  • of Marcus Whitman.
  • 00:18:35.280 --> 00:18:37.050
  • (intense music)
  • 00:18:37.050 --> 00:18:39.250
  • We're at the Whitman Mission in Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 00:18:49.290 --> 00:18:52.230
  • After the Whitmans had come across the trail that later
  • 00:18:52.230 --> 00:18:55.120
  • became known as the Oregon trail,
  • 00:18:55.120 --> 00:18:57.080
  • and while this is not their wagon, they would have come
  • 00:18:57.080 --> 00:18:59.120
  • in something like this.
  • 00:18:59.120 --> 00:19:01.000
  • So, after they reach here, it's right here beside us
  • 00:19:01.000 --> 00:19:03.100
  • that they form the mission,
  • 00:19:03.100 --> 00:19:05.070
  • and they formed it among the Cayuse Indians,
  • 00:19:05.070 --> 00:19:07.200
  • and then they start finding things didn't go the same
  • 00:19:07.200 --> 00:19:11.100
  • as what they had planned.
  • 00:19:11.100 --> 00:19:12.260
  • For example, the Cayuse turn out to be a nomadic people,
  • 00:19:12.260 --> 00:19:15.070
  • and they're not here all the time,
  • 00:19:15.070 --> 00:19:16.250
  • they're moving around from place to place, so-
  • 00:19:16.250 --> 00:19:18.160
  • - And that is a big culture shock if you're from the east,
  • 00:19:18.160 --> 00:19:20.220
  • because you build a house and you never leave, right?
  • 00:19:20.220 --> 00:19:23.090
  • And so, I'm going to come and we're going to minister
  • 00:19:23.090 --> 00:19:25.120
  • to people that have never heard the gospel,
  • 00:19:25.120 --> 00:19:26.160
  • I'm going to build a house,
  • 00:19:26.160 --> 00:19:28.070
  • and then they get up and move and you're like,
  • 00:19:28.070 --> 00:19:29.020
  • hey, where you going?
  • 00:19:29.020 --> 00:19:30.170
  • That's what happened, and so when they started dealing
  • 00:19:30.170 --> 00:19:32.200
  • with a different culture of a nomad people,
  • 00:19:32.200 --> 00:19:34.200
  • they realized, we're going to have to change
  • 00:19:34.200 --> 00:19:36.120
  • the way we look at this.
  • 00:19:36.120 --> 00:19:37.260
  • - It probably affected Narcissa a whole lot more
  • 00:19:37.260 --> 00:19:40.060
  • than it affected Marcus.
  • 00:19:40.060 --> 00:19:41.150
  • She just wasn't able to make the transition
  • 00:19:41.150 --> 00:19:43.190
  • in some ways to what was going.
  • 00:19:43.190 --> 00:19:45.040
  • - She grew up in a culture where everybody kind of thought
  • 00:19:45.040 --> 00:19:48.180
  • and understood the same.
  • 00:19:48.180 --> 00:19:50.030
  • She got here and realized, they don't have the same ideas
  • 00:19:50.030 --> 00:19:52.110
  • and attitudes that we do.
  • 00:19:52.110 --> 00:19:54.110
  • It was reported that there were times when
  • 00:19:54.110 --> 00:19:56.110
  • she would be out and she would come home
  • 00:19:56.110 --> 00:19:58.080
  • and she would find Indians in her house,
  • 00:19:58.080 --> 00:19:59.200
  • going through her stuff, and what are you doing,
  • 00:19:59.200 --> 00:20:02.050
  • leave my stuff alone.
  • 00:20:02.050 --> 00:20:03.180
  • Indians didn't have this idea of private property
  • 00:20:03.180 --> 00:20:05.180
  • the same way that many of the settlers from the east
  • 00:20:05.180 --> 00:20:07.090
  • did because Indians are communal people,
  • 00:20:07.090 --> 00:20:09.110
  • they share together and they share equal
  • 00:20:09.110 --> 00:20:11.000
  • and they share everything.
  • 00:20:11.000 --> 00:20:12.140
  • Well, that really bothered her, that she had no privacy.
  • 00:20:12.140 --> 00:20:14.120
  • She built a fence around their house and told the Indians,
  • 00:20:14.120 --> 00:20:16.280
  • you can't come past this fence, this is our boundary.
  • 00:20:16.280 --> 00:20:19.170
  • Well, they didn't understand that, either,
  • 00:20:19.170 --> 00:20:21.120
  • and so there was great frustration with Narcissa
  • 00:20:21.120 --> 00:20:23.150
  • which then got compounded because she and Marcus
  • 00:20:23.150 --> 00:20:26.130
  • had a daughter, and the daughter,
  • 00:20:26.130 --> 00:20:28.020
  • when the daughter was just a couple years old,
  • 00:20:28.020 --> 00:20:29.260
  • the daughter tells Narcissa, mom, I'm thirsty,
  • 00:20:29.260 --> 00:20:31.280
  • and so presumably Narcissa thinks, well that's fine,
  • 00:20:31.280 --> 00:20:34.130
  • right, go back to the house, there's a bucket,
  • 00:20:34.130 --> 00:20:36.270
  • get some water out of the bucket.
  • 00:20:36.270 --> 00:20:38.050
  • Well, the daughter actually went to a river
  • 00:20:38.050 --> 00:20:40.130
  • which was just beside their house.
  • 00:20:40.130 --> 00:20:41.270
  • Narcissa didn't know, and the daughter didn't come back
  • 00:20:41.270 --> 00:20:44.000
  • for a little bit but Narcissa wasn't worried,
  • 00:20:44.000 --> 00:20:46.000
  • until an Indian came and say hey, we found your daughter
  • 00:20:46.000 --> 00:20:48.200
  • and she actually drowned in the river.
  • 00:20:48.200 --> 00:20:50.200
  • It totally crushed her, devastated her.
  • 00:20:50.200 --> 00:20:52.270
  • She became much of a recluse and wanted
  • 00:20:52.270 --> 00:20:55.030
  • to stay inside the house.
  • 00:20:55.030 --> 00:20:56.110
  • Her friends were the friends who were there
  • 00:20:56.110 --> 00:20:57.210
  • on the mission but she was very frustrated,
  • 00:20:57.210 --> 00:20:59.260
  • and it is an interesting contrast between her and Marcus
  • 00:20:59.260 --> 00:21:02.220
  • because Marcus was able to handle a lot of the environment
  • 00:21:02.220 --> 00:21:06.020
  • and culture a lot better than Narcissa.
  • 00:21:06.020 --> 00:21:08.010
  • - Yeah, Marcus understood, we've got vast cultural
  • 00:21:08.010 --> 00:21:10.120
  • differences and this is not the kind of stuff you can change
  • 00:21:10.120 --> 00:21:12.280
  • in a week or two or year or two.
  • 00:21:12.280 --> 00:21:15.080
  • Now remember, he's a medical missionary,
  • 00:21:15.080 --> 00:21:17.030
  • and so he's out here and he's doing medical work
  • 00:21:17.030 --> 00:21:19.180
  • wherever he can.
  • 00:21:19.180 --> 00:21:21.000
  • He serves the Cayuse Indians, anytime they get sick
  • 00:21:21.000 --> 00:21:22.110
  • he's there to help.
  • 00:21:22.110 --> 00:21:23.220
  • One of the things that occurred was a measles epidemic
  • 00:21:23.220 --> 00:21:25.190
  • hit the Cayuse Indians, and why he helped so many,
  • 00:21:25.190 --> 00:21:28.200
  • particularly the children, he didn't keep them all alive,
  • 00:21:28.200 --> 00:21:31.210
  • and in the Cayuse culture, if you're a medicine man
  • 00:21:31.210 --> 00:21:34.090
  • and you treat someone who's sick and they die,
  • 00:21:34.090 --> 00:21:37.260
  • the family has the right to kill you
  • 00:21:37.260 --> 00:21:39.270
  • because you did not heal them.
  • 00:21:39.270 --> 00:21:43.040
  • Well, he didn't heal everyone he treated in the Cayuse tribe
  • 00:21:43.040 --> 00:21:46.110
  • and as he and Narcissa were at home one day,
  • 00:21:46.110 --> 00:21:49.120
  • right at the mission, they were sitting in kind of
  • 00:21:49.120 --> 00:21:51.200
  • the living room area, a Cayuse Indian walks in behind him
  • 00:21:51.200 --> 00:21:54.110
  • and buries a tomahawk right in his head,
  • 00:21:54.110 --> 00:21:57.020
  • kills him right there.
  • 00:21:57.020 --> 00:21:58.110
  • Another one walks through the door,
  • 00:21:58.110 --> 00:21:59.250
  • points at Narcissa, shoots her, and nine others
  • 00:21:59.250 --> 00:22:02.040
  • died that day at the mission.
  • 00:22:02.040 --> 00:22:03.250
  • They killed 11 that day, and then two days later,
  • 00:22:03.250 --> 00:22:05.280
  • they killed two more, and then they took 49 captives.
  • 00:22:05.280 --> 00:22:10.120
  • Word gets back to the Federal government,
  • 00:22:10.120 --> 00:22:12.040
  • and this leads to a seven year war between
  • 00:22:12.040 --> 00:22:14.290
  • the Federal government and the Cayuse Indians,
  • 00:22:14.290 --> 00:22:16.220
  • because for the Federal government,
  • 00:22:16.220 --> 00:22:18.080
  • these are Americans out here,
  • 00:22:18.080 --> 00:22:20.020
  • we're supposed to be protecting Americans,
  • 00:22:20.020 --> 00:22:21.120
  • and so what happens is,
  • 00:22:21.120 --> 00:22:23.010
  • the death of Narcissa and Marcus and all those with them
  • 00:22:23.010 --> 00:22:26.240
  • is what led to Oregon actually becoming
  • 00:22:26.240 --> 00:22:29.060
  • an official territory,
  • 00:22:29.060 --> 00:22:30.290
  • and then five years later, this area where we are here
  • 00:22:30.290 --> 00:22:33.140
  • became the Washington territory.
  • 00:22:33.140 --> 00:22:35.080
  • Now, the Oregon territory, vast territory.
  • 00:22:35.080 --> 00:22:37.270
  • It is not what we think of today of the state of Oregon,
  • 00:22:37.270 --> 00:22:39.250
  • the Oregon territory was what today comprises states
  • 00:22:39.250 --> 00:22:42.200
  • of Washington and Oregon, most of Idaho,
  • 00:22:42.200 --> 00:22:45.090
  • parts of Montana and Wyoming, it was huge and vast,
  • 00:22:45.090 --> 00:22:48.010
  • and that came to be part of the United States
  • 00:22:48.010 --> 00:22:50.110
  • because of what Marcus and Narcissa did out here,
  • 00:22:50.110 --> 00:22:53.030
  • and Marcus is so significant in the history
  • 00:22:53.030 --> 00:22:55.290
  • of the Pacific northwest that back in Washington, D.C.,
  • 00:22:55.290 --> 00:22:59.080
  • there is a law that was passed in 1863 that says
  • 00:22:59.080 --> 00:23:02.130
  • every one of the states gets to display two of its heroes
  • 00:23:02.130 --> 00:23:06.020
  • right here in the Federal government,
  • 00:23:06.020 --> 00:23:07.290
  • the capitol, Washington, D.C.
  • 00:23:07.290 --> 00:23:09.240
  • Washington state chose a statue of Marcus Whitman
  • 00:23:09.240 --> 00:23:13.020
  • as one of their heroes.
  • 00:23:13.020 --> 00:23:14.100
  • - Which he actually has a Bible under his hand,
  • 00:23:14.100 --> 00:23:17.010
  • on his hip, which was really depicting
  • 00:23:17.010 --> 00:23:19.120
  • kind of who he was, right?
  • 00:23:19.120 --> 00:23:21.020
  • He and Narcissa, they were missionaries.
  • 00:23:21.020 --> 00:23:22.250
  • They were people who loved God and wanted to serve people,
  • 00:23:22.250 --> 00:23:25.060
  • wanted to reach the lost who have never heard the gospel.
  • 00:23:25.060 --> 00:23:27.250
  • Now, ended up taking their lives, but because of the work
  • 00:23:27.250 --> 00:23:31.060
  • they did is the reason Washington is a state,
  • 00:23:31.060 --> 00:23:33.110
  • which is why they're honored in the U.S. Capitol
  • 00:23:33.110 --> 00:23:35.050
  • by Washington, but as we look back at the legacy
  • 00:23:35.050 --> 00:23:38.050
  • they leave behind, there's no doubt that these are
  • 00:23:38.050 --> 00:23:40.260
  • hidden heroes of American history.
  • 00:23:40.260 --> 00:23:43.000
  • (easy music)
  • 00:23:43.000 --> 00:23:45.120
  • - While the Bartons are on the Oregon trail,
  • 00:23:48.270 --> 00:23:50.080
  • I'm back here in the collection,
  • 00:23:50.080 --> 00:23:51.290
  • figuring out and going through archives
  • 00:23:51.290 --> 00:23:53.170
  • and seeing what we have about Marcus and Narcissa Whitman.
  • 00:23:53.170 --> 00:23:56.170
  • This is an early biography that was written
  • 00:23:56.170 --> 00:23:58.260
  • about their lives, it's called,
  • 00:23:58.260 --> 00:24:00.030
  • "How Marcus Whitman Saved Oregon."
  • 00:24:00.030 --> 00:24:02.220
  • So, people really thought it was very important
  • 00:24:02.220 --> 00:24:05.070
  • to collect what people who knew him and the writings
  • 00:24:05.070 --> 00:24:08.080
  • that they were able to find, to tell the story
  • 00:24:08.080 --> 00:24:10.120
  • about his life because of how important it was,
  • 00:24:10.120 --> 00:24:13.040
  • and then additionally, we have an Indian tomahawk
  • 00:24:13.040 --> 00:24:16.140
  • from around that period.
  • 00:24:16.140 --> 00:24:17.230
  • Now, this is what they would have used,
  • 00:24:17.230 --> 00:24:20.010
  • quite possibly, when Marcus Whitman was killed
  • 00:24:20.010 --> 00:24:22.110
  • in that attack.
  • 00:24:22.110 --> 00:24:24.090
  • So, we use, you know, the writings, books,
  • 00:24:24.090 --> 00:24:27.030
  • and the artifacts to really put together and find out
  • 00:24:27.030 --> 00:24:29.190
  • the true history behind these hidden heroes.
  • 00:24:29.190 --> 00:24:32.140
  • (guitar music)
  • 00:24:32.140 --> 00:24:35.010
  • - When I think about Jason Lee,
  • 00:24:42.140 --> 00:24:43.190
  • I see some character traits in him
  • 00:24:43.190 --> 00:24:45.030
  • that I really think we would benefit from today.
  • 00:24:45.030 --> 00:24:47.250
  • I don't see them as visibly today as I did back then,
  • 00:24:47.250 --> 00:24:50.000
  • and when he starts and he heads for Oregon
  • 00:24:50.000 --> 00:24:52.260
  • and he goes out with all the passion of a missionary,
  • 00:24:52.260 --> 00:24:55.040
  • here's my objective, and he gets there
  • 00:24:55.040 --> 00:24:57.090
  • and has to keep shifting the way he does it.
  • 00:24:57.090 --> 00:25:00.160
  • He's still got the same objective, but you know what,
  • 00:25:00.160 --> 00:25:03.070
  • we need a place to be able to provide some food
  • 00:25:03.070 --> 00:25:05.050
  • and materials for us, and we need cattle,
  • 00:25:05.050 --> 00:25:07.030
  • and we need to be free from Hudson Bay Company
  • 00:25:07.030 --> 00:25:08.220
  • and we need our own government, and so here's this guy
  • 00:25:08.220 --> 00:25:10.240
  • who's trained in ministry who's doing all these
  • 00:25:10.240 --> 00:25:12.210
  • other things, and today, it's like we're specialists.
  • 00:25:12.210 --> 00:25:15.210
  • Well, that's not my job description,
  • 00:25:15.210 --> 00:25:17.140
  • I don't do that, and think what we would not have
  • 00:25:17.140 --> 00:25:20.210
  • if he had that mentality.
  • 00:25:20.210 --> 00:25:21.270
  • Well, that's not my job description.
  • 00:25:21.270 --> 00:25:23.120
  • - Well, one of the things that even the Bible teaches us,
  • 00:25:23.120 --> 00:25:24.290
  • if you're going to be great in God's kingdom,
  • 00:25:24.290 --> 00:25:26.180
  • you have to be a servant of all,
  • 00:25:26.180 --> 00:25:27.160
  • and he definitely was a servant.
  • 00:25:27.160 --> 00:25:29.040
  • I mean, the Whitmans, you could say the same thing.
  • 00:25:29.040 --> 00:25:30.170
  • They were servants, they wanted to serve and love people.
  • 00:25:30.170 --> 00:25:32.170
  • It's very cool that one of the legacies we have in America
  • 00:25:32.170 --> 00:25:35.070
  • is not only just that we were a nation based
  • 00:25:35.070 --> 00:25:38.280
  • on Biblical principles, but when you can see,
  • 00:25:38.280 --> 00:25:40.260
  • like the Lees, like the Whitmans,
  • 00:25:40.260 --> 00:25:43.060
  • when they're going out because of the Bible,
  • 00:25:43.060 --> 00:25:45.220
  • sharing the gospel, and were founding these new territories
  • 00:25:45.220 --> 00:25:49.020
  • and ultimately become states,
  • 00:25:49.020 --> 00:25:50.190
  • how God uses people in very difficult situations,
  • 00:25:50.190 --> 00:25:54.120
  • because there's no doubt for Narcissa and Marcus
  • 00:25:54.120 --> 00:25:56.230
  • that this was not ideal, you know,
  • 00:25:56.230 --> 00:25:58.140
  • their life was much more about,
  • 00:25:58.140 --> 00:25:59.230
  • I want to do the will of God.
  • 00:25:59.230 --> 00:26:01.100
  • - Look at how so much is done by people who are flexible.
  • 00:26:01.100 --> 00:26:04.230
  • You know, they go in with a vision and that they have to
  • 00:26:04.230 --> 00:26:06.250
  • adjust but they end up getting there,
  • 00:26:06.250 --> 00:26:09.090
  • and I don't think we would be the nation we were
  • 00:26:09.090 --> 00:26:11.160
  • if we didn't have these kind of flexible people
  • 00:26:11.160 --> 00:26:14.180
  • willing to adjust and pick up the task
  • 00:26:14.180 --> 00:26:17.060
  • and do it with all their heart,
  • 00:26:17.060 --> 00:26:18.200
  • even though it wasn't what I originally planned,
  • 00:26:18.200 --> 00:26:20.120
  • I mean, I think that's a kind of courage that we need.
  • 00:26:20.120 --> 00:26:23.180
  • (intense music)
  • 00:26:23.180 --> 00:26:26.080
  • - [Announcer] We hope you're enjoying TBN's exclusive series
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