America's Hidden History | Independence Day | TBN

America's Hidden History | Independence Day

Watch America's Hidden History | Independence Day
July 3, 2018
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Independence Day

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  • - Hi, I'm Tim Barton.
  • 00:00:18.020 --> 00:00:18.290
  • - And I'm David Barton.
  • 00:00:18.290 --> 00:00:19.290
  • - And we're here in Philadelphia,
  • 00:00:19.290 --> 00:00:21.010
  • behind us is Independence Hall.
  • 00:00:21.010 --> 00:00:22.170
  • This is the place where the Declaration of Independence
  • 00:00:22.170 --> 00:00:24.210
  • was actually constructed.
  • 00:00:24.210 --> 00:00:26.020
  • When we celebrate the Fourth of July
  • 00:00:26.020 --> 00:00:27.190
  • we're really celebrating the accomplishments
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  • from the building right behind us.
  • 00:00:29.140 --> 00:00:31.000
  • - This is the birth place of national freedom.
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  • And we're going to go all across the northeast
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  • looking at the stories of those who gave us that freedom.
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  • We're going to look at their faith.
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  • We're going to look at their family
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  • and we're going to look at their sacrifice.
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  • It's remarkable stories.
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  • - This is America's Hidden History.
  • 00:00:43.280 --> 00:00:45.280
  • - [Announcer] Modern historians have revised,
  • 00:00:47.120 --> 00:00:49.180
  • rewritten and even deleted
  • 00:00:49.180 --> 00:00:51.080
  • entire chapters of American history.
  • 00:00:51.080 --> 00:00:53.290
  • So what are we missing?
  • 00:00:53.290 --> 00:00:56.000
  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
  • 00:00:56.000 --> 00:00:59.220
  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton
  • 00:00:59.220 --> 00:01:02.160
  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is America's Hidden History.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • (drum music)
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  • - Behind me is Independence Hall
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  • and this is where the 56 men were together
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  • when we did the Declaration
  • 00:01:28.160 --> 00:01:30.060
  • But you know today, so few Americans
  • 00:01:30.060 --> 00:01:32.000
  • know who actually signed the Declaration,
  • 00:01:32.000 --> 00:01:33.280
  • what the Declaration is even about.
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  • We thought, let's just go on the street
  • 00:01:35.090 --> 00:01:37.050
  • and find out what people actually know.
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  • Hey I'm Tim.
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  • - Hi, I'm Susan.
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  • - Susan nice to meet you.
  • 00:01:41.100 --> 00:01:42.240
  • Okay, we're doing a survey on the Fourth of July.
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  • Why do we celebrate the Fourth of July?
  • 00:01:44.090 --> 00:01:47.000
  • - Celebrate America's, celebrate America.
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  • - Greg.
  • 00:01:49.170 --> 00:01:50.120
  • - Nice to meet you Greg.
  • 00:01:50.120 --> 00:01:51.260
  • Okay, what do we celebrate on the Fourth of July.
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  • - Independence.
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  • - From?
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  • - Slavery.
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  • - Great Britain, slavery was a little later.
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  • Hey man, I'm Tim.
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  • - Hi, I'm Nick.
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  • - Nick, nice to meet you.
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  • What do we celebrate on the Fourth of July?
  • 00:02:03.280 --> 00:02:05.250
  • - Independence from the England, yeah.
  • 00:02:05.250 --> 00:02:10.230
  • - Okay, no, no, it's really good though.
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  • Many people have not gotten that right.
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  • My name's Tim.
  • 00:02:14.090 --> 00:02:15.030
  • - I'm Marcus.
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  • - Do you know where the Declaration of Independence
  • 00:02:16.170 --> 00:02:17.140
  • was signed?
  • 00:02:17.140 --> 00:02:18.200
  • - It was signed in Boston, Massachusetts.
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  • - It's not a bad guess.
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  • Do you know where that was done?
  • 00:02:23.150 --> 00:02:25.010
  • - No, I don't.
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  • - I don't know.
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  • I want to say Delaware.
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  • - It's a really good guess.
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  • - Hi, I'm Catherine.
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  • - Nice to meet you.
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  • - Oh goodness.
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  • No.
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  • - Okay, it's okay.
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  • Do you know where the Declaration was signed?
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  • - I do, Pennsylvania.
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  • Yes, Philadelphia.
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  • Okay, yeah, very good.
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  • - Tom Mullen.
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  • - Hey Tom, nice to meet you.
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  • - Oh that's a really tough one.
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  • So if it wasn't in Quincy, it had to be Philadelphia.
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  • - That's exactly right, Philadelphia.
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  • - It was signed in Philadelphia.
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  • - Yes, do you know where in Philadelphia?
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  • - Constitution Hall?
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  • - Okay, actually it was in that building right there.
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  • - Oh okay, this building right here.
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  • - But you haven't been there yet right?
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  • - Right.
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  • - So you're from out of town.
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  • - Right.
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  • - You didn't know that yet.
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  • - Okay.
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  • - So when you visit that you would get that right next time.
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  • So it's apparent, there's a lot of things we don't know
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  • about the signers of the Declaration
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  • and a lot of things we need to learn.
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  • So, there's a lot of ground we're going to cover today.
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  • My dad's going one direction.
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  • I'm going another.
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  • We literally are covering ground
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  • trying to learn and uncover some of these stories.
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  • Join us today as we discover
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  • this an American hidden history.
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  • (drum music)
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  • - Just around the corner from Independence Hall
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  • is a small structure known as Carpenters Hall.
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  • Carpenter's Hall is right behind me,
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  • and this is where the founding fathers
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  • first got together two years before
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  • they signed the Declaration of Independence.
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  • They met here at Carpenter's Hall
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  • and they said, "All right, what are we going to do
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  • "with 13 colonies.
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  • "We've been separate states.
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  • "How do we join together?
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  • "How do we respond to Great Britain."
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  • And so as they convened to do that
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  • this was new for them because the guys from Georgia
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  • had never met the guys from Pennsylvania,
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  • and the guys from Massachusetts
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  • didn't now the guys from Virginia.
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  • I mean this is the first time they get together
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  • so they started the meeting, they opened it up,
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  • they convened make sure they had all the people they needed.
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  • And one of the very first acts they did
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  • was they opened with prayer.
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  • But it's not the dinky little prayer
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  • like we would use at a city council meeting,
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  • this was serious stuff.
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  • They went right around the corner to Christ Church
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  • and got the Reverend Jacob Duché to come pray
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  • and according to historical records
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  • it looks like that opening prayer session
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  • ran for about two hours.
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  • But they didn't just pray.
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  • When you look at the writings of those who were there
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  • like John Adams who wrote his wife Abigail.
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  • He said that they also studied
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  • four chapters of the bible the morning,
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  • and that God so spoke to them out of one of those chapters,
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  • out of Psalm 35 and changed their whole attitude
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  • on what might occur.
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  • So this is the starting place
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  • of what two years later led to
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  • the Declaration of Independence.
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  • And it starts with a strong active prayer and faith.
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  • (drum music)
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  • - Aaron.
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  • - Aaron, hey nice to meet you.
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  • What was your name?
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  • - Alexis.
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  • - Alexis, okay, thank you guys for doing this.
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  • Do you all know people signed
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  • the Declaration of Independence?
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  • - 22?
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  • - It's a little more.
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  • Do you know how many people signed the Declaration?
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  • - No.
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  • - Do you know how many people signed the Declaration?
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  • - I'm going to guess five.
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  • - 13?
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  • - 13?
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  • - There were 13 colonies,
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  • but every colony sent people to sign it.
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  • - 12.
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  • - Several. - Yeah.
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  • - I think a dozen, I'm not sure.
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  • - Under 20.
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  • - Okay, that's a good one.
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  • Probably close to 60.
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  • - 50.
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  • - No, how about, can I guess.
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  • - Absolutely.
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  • - 54.
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  • - You are so close.
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  • Do you know how many people signed the Declaration?
  • 00:06:03.080 --> 00:06:06.000
  • - It seems like 56 people.
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  • - Now, we also should probably point out where are you from?
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  • - I'm from Russia.
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  • - From Russia, and you already know more
  • 00:06:12.060 --> 00:06:14.070
  • than most Americans do, that's great.
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  • (drum music)
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  • - We talked earlier about Carpenter Hall,
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  • and that Carpenter Hall we mentioned that
  • 00:06:27.170 --> 00:06:29.020
  • they opened that original session of Congress with prayer.
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  • And they did so with the Reverend Jacob Duche
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  • of Christ Church coming over to pray.
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  • Christ Church is where so many
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  • of the founding fathers attended church.
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  • As a mater of fact, seven signers of the Declaration
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  • are buried here at Christ Church.
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  • And one of those signers is Francis Hopkinson,
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  • a signer of the Declaration from New Jersey.
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  • Francis, in addition to designing an early American flag
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  • that didn't catch on,
  • 00:06:51.080 --> 00:06:52.220
  • he also was a federal judge appointed by George Washington.
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  • And on top of that he's a church music director,
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  • he's a choir leader,
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  • he played the organ here at Christ Church.
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  • And this is actually a hymn book that he did.
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  • It's the first hymn book in American history
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  • to have musical notation in it.
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  • It's the Book of Psalms.
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  • He set the entire Book of Psalms to music
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  • and this is the product of a signer of the Declaration
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  • who was a strong patriot and a strong Christian.
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  • (drum music)
  • 00:07:15.160 --> 00:07:17.280
  • - Do you know the difference between
  • 00:07:24.040 --> 00:07:25.110
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:07:25.110 --> 00:07:26.290
  • - The Declaration and the Constitution,
  • 00:07:26.290 --> 00:07:28.240
  • I have no clue.
  • 00:07:28.240 --> 00:07:29.290
  • - What's the difference between
  • 00:07:29.290 --> 00:07:31.060
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:07:31.060 --> 00:07:34.070
  • - Um?
  • 00:07:34.070 --> 00:07:35.020
  • - What's the difference between
  • 00:07:39.210 --> 00:07:41.060
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:07:41.060 --> 00:07:43.160
  • - Well isn't the Declaration about life, liberty and.
  • 00:07:45.060 --> 00:07:48.150
  • - What's the different between
  • 00:07:49.270 --> 00:07:51.040
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:07:51.040 --> 00:07:52.290
  • - Well one was, the Constitution
  • 00:07:56.090 --> 00:08:00.200
  • was our own statehood
  • 00:08:02.290 --> 00:08:04.030
  • when we separated from England.
  • 00:08:04.030 --> 00:08:06.090
  • And the other one was.
  • 00:08:06.090 --> 00:08:07.150
  • - What's the difference between
  • 00:08:10.170 --> 00:08:11.240
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:08:11.240 --> 00:08:13.060
  • - I mean I know the Constitution has certain
  • 00:08:15.110 --> 00:08:18.110
  • I guess way of life.
  • 00:08:18.110 --> 00:08:19.190
  • - Well the Declaration came before the Constitution.
  • 00:08:21.240 --> 00:08:24.050
  • - Absolutely.
  • 00:08:24.050 --> 00:08:25.120
  • - I know that, it was signed before that.
  • 00:08:25.120 --> 00:08:27.140
  • The Constitution was just the official,
  • 00:08:27.140 --> 00:08:32.120
  • it seemed like the Declaration was the rough draft.
  • 00:08:32.120 --> 00:08:35.060
  • - What's the difference between
  • 00:08:35.060 --> 00:08:36.130
  • the Declaration and the Constitution?
  • 00:08:36.130 --> 00:08:37.240
  • - Well the Declaration of Independence,
  • 00:08:39.120 --> 00:08:41.100
  • we came independent from Great Britain.
  • 00:08:41.100 --> 00:08:43.110
  • - Yes.
  • 00:08:43.110 --> 00:08:44.260
  • - The Constitution is more of once we were independent
  • 00:08:44.260 --> 00:08:47.260
  • like what our rules and regulations or goals were, I guess.
  • 00:08:47.260 --> 00:08:51.280
  • - Absolutely, this was how we were
  • 00:08:51.280 --> 00:08:52.280
  • going to operate as a government.
  • 00:08:52.280 --> 00:08:54.060
  • - Okay. - Okay, perfect.
  • 00:08:54.060 --> 00:08:55.140
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:08:55.140 --> 00:08:58.060
  • (drum music)
  • 00:09:05.200 --> 00:09:08.020
  • - We're in Virginia, which is were the final battle
  • 00:09:12.040 --> 00:09:14.200
  • of the American Revolution took place.
  • 00:09:14.200 --> 00:09:16.100
  • And this is the home of signer of the Declaration,
  • 00:09:16.100 --> 00:09:18.260
  • Thomas Nelson Jr., who was key in that final battle
  • 00:09:18.260 --> 00:09:22.230
  • and winning American independence.
  • 00:09:22.230 --> 00:09:24.160
  • He was actually one of
  • 00:09:24.160 --> 00:09:25.240
  • the younger signers of the Declaration,
  • 00:09:25.240 --> 00:09:27.090
  • about 38 years old when he signed the Declaration.
  • 00:09:27.090 --> 00:09:29.290
  • But he was a very wealthy man.
  • 00:09:29.290 --> 00:09:31.170
  • I mean this is a very elegant house
  • 00:09:31.170 --> 00:09:33.050
  • for that period of time.
  • 00:09:33.050 --> 00:09:34.160
  • And he was willing to use his wealth
  • 00:09:34.160 --> 00:09:37.090
  • to help advance American independence.
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  • And it really cost him a lot of his fortune.
  • 00:09:39.020 --> 00:09:41.020
  • Interestingly in the early part of the Revolution,
  • 00:09:41.020 --> 00:09:43.120
  • the British fleet is coming up the Chesapeake,
  • 00:09:43.120 --> 00:09:45.090
  • and that's real close here.
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  • And they thought well they're going to attack Virginia.
  • 00:09:46.270 --> 00:09:49.060
  • Well what happened the fleet went up to Philadelphia.
  • 00:09:49.060 --> 00:09:51.150
  • So the first part of the Revolution
  • 00:09:51.150 --> 00:09:52.260
  • was really in the Northern states.
  • 00:09:52.260 --> 00:09:54.160
  • But by the later part of the Revolution
  • 00:09:54.160 --> 00:09:56.060
  • the British Army is coming here toward Yorktown,
  • 00:09:56.060 --> 00:09:59.070
  • and at the same time the American general
  • 00:09:59.070 --> 00:10:02.080
  • who became a trader, Benedict Arnold,
  • 00:10:02.080 --> 00:10:04.040
  • he has now switched over to the British,
  • 00:10:04.040 --> 00:10:05.220
  • he's got a fleet of ships and they're coming
  • 00:10:05.220 --> 00:10:08.000
  • up from the other direction.
  • 00:10:08.000 --> 00:10:09.100
  • So you've got all of the British forces
  • 00:10:09.100 --> 00:10:11.190
  • amassing here at Virginia.
  • 00:10:11.190 --> 00:10:13.210
  • And as that's happening the call goes out
  • 00:10:13.210 --> 00:10:16.040
  • that we need help, we need military,
  • 00:10:16.040 --> 00:10:17.290
  • we need troops, we don't have enough
  • 00:10:17.290 --> 00:10:19.140
  • in the Continental Army.
  • 00:10:19.140 --> 00:10:20.220
  • You got to remember that at the time of
  • 00:10:20.220 --> 00:10:22.070
  • The American Revolution, when you have all these Americans
  • 00:10:22.070 --> 00:10:24.150
  • say, "Hey, let's take on the British."
  • 00:10:24.150 --> 00:10:26.140
  • And the British are the greatest power in the world,
  • 00:10:26.140 --> 00:10:28.200
  • nobody thought they could win.
  • 00:10:28.200 --> 00:10:30.000
  • I mean we didn't have our own military.
  • 00:10:30.000 --> 00:10:31.200
  • We had a bunch of farmers and shop keepers
  • 00:10:31.200 --> 00:10:33.180
  • and store owners and we'll grab out squirrel guns
  • 00:10:33.180 --> 00:10:36.000
  • and do what we can,
  • 00:10:36.000 --> 00:10:37.050
  • but nobody thought they were going to win.
  • 00:10:37.050 --> 00:10:38.180
  • So nobody loaned them any money,
  • 00:10:38.180 --> 00:10:40.060
  • and so as they're running short of troops and supplies
  • 00:10:40.060 --> 00:10:42.210
  • one of the calls go out from the Continental Congress
  • 00:10:42.210 --> 00:10:44.220
  • that says, "We're asking young men across the colonies,
  • 00:10:44.220 --> 00:10:48.140
  • "young men who have any kind of wealth or fortune
  • 00:10:48.140 --> 00:10:50.200
  • "to start being banker."
  • 00:10:50.200 --> 00:10:52.070
  • And bank rolling some groups of artillery
  • 00:10:52.070 --> 00:10:55.010
  • and groups of calvary etc.
  • 00:10:55.010 --> 00:10:57.130
  • So what young Thomas Nelson did
  • 00:10:57.130 --> 00:10:59.220
  • was he got here in Virginia
  • 00:10:59.220 --> 00:11:01.030
  • and got a bunch of young men together
  • 00:11:01.030 --> 00:11:02.170
  • and they brought their horses
  • 00:11:02.170 --> 00:11:04.030
  • and he bankrolled the entire regiment of calvary here.
  • 00:11:04.030 --> 00:11:06.260
  • Came out of his pocket.
  • 00:11:06.260 --> 00:11:08.110
  • Well he did that and they took that calvary up
  • 00:11:08.110 --> 00:11:10.090
  • and helped Washington up North and they come back South.
  • 00:11:10.090 --> 00:11:13.010
  • And then as they're seeing all the British
  • 00:11:13.010 --> 00:11:14.280
  • start to converge here they recognized, you know,
  • 00:11:14.280 --> 00:11:16.130
  • the British have got a lot of ships and a lot of fleets
  • 00:11:16.130 --> 00:11:18.220
  • and we really need some help.
  • 00:11:18.220 --> 00:11:20.020
  • And so they get the French fleet to come,
  • 00:11:20.020 --> 00:11:22.110
  • but we got to pay for that.
  • 00:11:22.110 --> 00:11:23.130
  • It cost a lot of money,
  • 00:11:23.130 --> 00:11:24.240
  • and so Congress went to Thomas Nelson and said,
  • 00:11:24.240 --> 00:11:27.220
  • "Can you see if you can raise several million dollars
  • 00:11:27.220 --> 00:11:30.050
  • "there in Virginia to help pay
  • 00:11:30.050 --> 00:11:31.210
  • "for the French fleet to come."
  • 00:11:31.210 --> 00:11:33.150
  • And so Thomas Nelson, wealthy, went to all the folks
  • 00:11:33.150 --> 00:11:36.110
  • he knew who had money.
  • 00:11:36.110 --> 00:11:37.270
  • Everybody said, "There is no way we're giving money
  • 00:11:37.270 --> 00:11:39.210
  • "to the American government.
  • 00:11:39.210 --> 00:11:40.220
  • "These guys won't win."
  • 00:11:40.220 --> 00:11:42.060
  • So Nelsons like, "Well would you give it to me?"
  • 00:11:42.060 --> 00:11:44.040
  • "Well yeah, we'll loan you money."
  • 00:11:44.040 --> 00:11:45.190
  • And so Nelson put his own name on the line
  • 00:11:45.190 --> 00:11:47.260
  • and got the money that was needed.
  • 00:11:47.260 --> 00:11:49.200
  • But he did it personally at his own expense.
  • 00:11:49.200 --> 00:11:52.060
  • So all of the stuff that he's pouring in
  • 00:11:52.060 --> 00:11:54.150
  • and by the way, he was so giving in nature
  • 00:11:54.150 --> 00:11:58.130
  • that the state early made him the commander-in-chief
  • 00:11:58.130 --> 00:12:01.030
  • of all the military in the state of Virginia.
  • 00:12:01.030 --> 00:12:03.080
  • But in working with George Washington,
  • 00:12:03.080 --> 00:12:04.230
  • it's interesting that in the middle of the Revolution
  • 00:12:04.230 --> 00:12:07.160
  • as they're seeing things progress
  • 00:12:07.160 --> 00:12:09.030
  • and we don't have funding but we keep winning battles.
  • 00:12:09.030 --> 00:12:11.140
  • George Washington writes Thomas Nelson a letter and says,
  • 00:12:11.140 --> 00:12:14.070
  • "Thomas," he said, "The Hand of providence has been
  • 00:12:14.070 --> 00:12:17.030
  • "so conspicuous in all this,
  • 00:12:17.030 --> 00:12:19.150
  • "that he musts be worse than an infidel that lacks faith,
  • 00:12:19.150 --> 00:12:23.110
  • "and must be more than wicked,
  • 00:12:23.110 --> 00:12:25.040
  • "that has not gratitude enough
  • 00:12:25.040 --> 00:12:26.150
  • "to acknowledge his obligations."
  • 00:12:26.150 --> 00:12:28.140
  • Another words Thomas, if people have seen
  • 00:12:28.140 --> 00:12:30.100
  • what you and I have seen here,
  • 00:12:30.100 --> 00:12:32.010
  • and they don't feel an obligation
  • 00:12:32.010 --> 00:12:33.240
  • to acknowledge God for what he's doing,
  • 00:12:33.240 --> 00:12:36.060
  • they're just flat wicked.
  • 00:12:36.060 --> 00:12:37.090
  • They've got no spiritual heart at all.
  • 00:12:37.090 --> 00:12:39.240
  • And so that was kind of the tone.
  • 00:12:39.240 --> 00:12:41.110
  • They kept seeing God pull all these things off.
  • 00:12:41.110 --> 00:12:43.260
  • Thomas Nelson's house goes back to 1730.
  • 00:12:43.260 --> 00:12:46.120
  • So we're surround with all these old houses
  • 00:12:46.120 --> 00:12:48.140
  • and because this is a nice house,
  • 00:12:48.140 --> 00:12:50.080
  • guess where the British officers went.
  • 00:12:50.080 --> 00:12:51.230
  • They went in that house.
  • 00:12:51.230 --> 00:12:53.060
  • As a matter of fact, Thomas Nelson thought that
  • 00:12:53.060 --> 00:12:54.180
  • General Cornwallis, the commander of the British forces
  • 00:12:54.180 --> 00:12:56.160
  • was in his own home.
  • 00:12:56.160 --> 00:12:58.010
  • Because this is where the principle officers were.
  • 00:12:58.010 --> 00:12:59.230
  • So it comes time to chase the British out of Yorktown
  • 00:12:59.230 --> 00:13:02.120
  • so the American artillery is out there
  • 00:13:02.120 --> 00:13:04.150
  • and they're just firing away at the town
  • 00:13:04.150 --> 00:13:06.070
  • trying to get the British out.
  • 00:13:06.070 --> 00:13:07.230
  • And as Nelson is watching all the artillery
  • 00:13:07.230 --> 00:13:10.010
  • being fired down on town,
  • 00:13:10.010 --> 00:13:11.160
  • he sees all these houses being hit
  • 00:13:11.160 --> 00:13:13.190
  • except his own house.
  • 00:13:13.190 --> 00:13:15.030
  • And his house is where the British generals are.
  • 00:13:15.030 --> 00:13:17.120
  • And nobody's hitting it.
  • 00:13:17.120 --> 00:13:18.240
  • And he goes and asks the artillery guys,
  • 00:13:18.240 --> 00:13:21.060
  • "How come my house is not getting hit?"
  • 00:13:21.060 --> 00:13:22.250
  • They said, "Sir, you're the governor.
  • 00:13:22.250 --> 00:13:25.020
  • "You're the one bankrolling.
  • 00:13:25.020 --> 00:13:26.080
  • "We're not going to hit your house."
  • 00:13:26.080 --> 00:13:27.220
  • He says, "Yes, you will, you aim at my house."
  • 00:13:27.220 --> 00:13:29.160
  • "No, we're not gonna."
  • 00:13:29.160 --> 00:13:30.240
  • So he started offering them money,
  • 00:13:30.240 --> 00:13:32.220
  • every cannon that would hit his house
  • 00:13:32.220 --> 00:13:34.150
  • he would give them money.
  • 00:13:34.150 --> 00:13:35.290
  • And so interestingly he starts boning his own house
  • 00:13:35.290 --> 00:13:39.230
  • and cannonballs went through the wall
  • 00:13:39.230 --> 00:13:41.130
  • and killed some British.
  • 00:13:41.130 --> 00:13:42.210
  • And so the British scoot out of here.
  • 00:13:42.210 --> 00:13:44.000
  • And so here you have a guy
  • 00:13:44.000 --> 00:13:45.210
  • who did so much more for the rest of us
  • 00:13:45.210 --> 00:13:48.280
  • and what people today say, "Oh those wealthy guys."
  • 00:13:48.280 --> 00:13:51.240
  • Well it may be one thing
  • 00:13:51.240 --> 00:13:53.010
  • if you keep all your wealth to yourself
  • 00:13:53.010 --> 00:13:54.210
  • but he was willing to sacrifice all of his wealth
  • 00:13:54.210 --> 00:13:57.020
  • for the good of the country.
  • 00:13:57.020 --> 00:13:58.170
  • And it was really good that he was willing to do that
  • 00:13:58.170 --> 00:14:01.020
  • because without what he did to bank roll here
  • 00:14:01.020 --> 00:14:04.080
  • the final battle of the Revolution, Yorktown,
  • 00:14:04.080 --> 00:14:06.240
  • we might never have won the British.
  • 00:14:06.240 --> 00:14:08.280
  • So Thomas Nelson, by the way, like the others you've seen,
  • 00:14:08.280 --> 00:14:12.060
  • he too was a strong man of faith.
  • 00:14:12.060 --> 00:14:14.060
  • Way back when this thing started,
  • 00:14:14.060 --> 00:14:15.150
  • back at the Boston Tea Party,
  • 00:14:15.150 --> 00:14:16.210
  • at the very front end of the Revolution,
  • 00:14:16.210 --> 00:14:18.210
  • he's one of the guys who calls for
  • 00:14:18.210 --> 00:14:20.160
  • a nationwide day of fasting and prayer.
  • 00:14:20.160 --> 00:14:23.040
  • And so he did see God's assistance often
  • 00:14:23.040 --> 00:14:25.040
  • throughout the Revolution.
  • 00:14:25.040 --> 00:14:26.120
  • Strong man of faith, but this is the home
  • 00:14:26.120 --> 00:14:28.080
  • of young Thomas Nelson Jr.,
  • 00:14:28.080 --> 00:14:29.290
  • one of the wealthiest men in the Revolution
  • 00:14:29.290 --> 00:14:32.000
  • who was willing to give it all
  • 00:14:32.000 --> 00:14:33.080
  • so that we could have freedom.
  • 00:14:33.080 --> 00:14:34.200
  • (drum music)
  • 00:14:34.200 --> 00:14:37.020
  • Now I mentioned how Thomas Nelson
  • 00:14:39.000 --> 00:14:41.070
  • was willing to turn the cannons on his own house
  • 00:14:41.070 --> 00:14:43.160
  • when he found that they weren't hitting his house.
  • 00:14:43.160 --> 00:14:45.240
  • And here is part of the evidence right here.
  • 00:14:45.240 --> 00:14:47.170
  • You see that nice round pot mark right there.
  • 00:14:47.170 --> 00:14:50.170
  • Right were a cannonball hit and it just boom.
  • 00:14:50.170 --> 00:14:53.180
  • And you find those pot marks
  • 00:14:53.180 --> 00:14:55.120
  • all over the sides of his house.
  • 00:14:55.120 --> 00:14:57.160
  • They evidence that he was turning the cannons
  • 00:14:57.160 --> 00:14:59.290
  • on his own house.
  • 00:14:59.290 --> 00:15:01.070
  • As a matter of fact, when you get over here,
  • 00:15:01.070 --> 00:15:03.240
  • still got a cannonball right there in it.
  • 00:15:03.240 --> 00:15:06.200
  • And the same is true up top,
  • 00:15:06.200 --> 00:15:08.160
  • another cannonball right up there.
  • 00:15:08.160 --> 00:15:10.130
  • Just all over the side of the house.
  • 00:15:10.130 --> 00:15:12.240
  • You have the evidence of his willingness to give his life,
  • 00:15:12.240 --> 00:15:16.140
  • his fortune and his sacred honor,
  • 00:15:16.140 --> 00:15:18.000
  • which is what he had pledged to do in the Declaration.
  • 00:15:18.000 --> 00:15:20.080
  • And his house bears testimony to the fact
  • 00:15:20.080 --> 00:15:22.060
  • that he was willing to keep his word.
  • 00:15:22.060 --> 00:15:23.250
  • (drum music)
  • 00:15:23.250 --> 00:15:26.070
  • So you've seen something at the home and life
  • 00:15:33.190 --> 00:15:36.110
  • of Thomas Nelson Jr.
  • 00:15:36.110 --> 00:15:38.010
  • It's interesting to see what his contemporaries
  • 00:15:38.010 --> 00:15:39.240
  • and his peers said about him.
  • 00:15:39.240 --> 00:15:41.260
  • For example, this is from James Madison,
  • 00:15:41.260 --> 00:15:43.290
  • also a Virginia founder.
  • 00:15:43.290 --> 00:15:45.180
  • He said, "General Nelson was excelled by no man
  • 00:15:45.180 --> 00:15:48.120
  • "in the generosity of his nature,
  • 00:15:48.120 --> 00:15:50.110
  • "in the nobleness of his sentiments,
  • 00:15:50.110 --> 00:15:52.090
  • "in the purity of his Revolutionary principles,
  • 00:15:52.090 --> 00:15:55.000
  • "and in the exalted patriotism
  • 00:15:55.000 --> 00:15:56.280
  • "that he answered every service
  • 00:15:56.280 --> 00:15:58.200
  • "and sacrifice that his country might need."
  • 00:15:58.200 --> 00:16:01.250
  • Thomas Nelson Jr.
  • 00:16:01.250 --> 00:16:03.170
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:16:03.170 --> 00:16:06.100
  • (drum music)
  • 00:16:13.040 --> 00:16:15.170
  • I'm at Princeton University
  • 00:16:17.120 --> 00:16:18.180
  • and I'm standing in front of the house where
  • 00:16:18.180 --> 00:16:20.110
  • the president of Princeton resides.
  • 00:16:20.110 --> 00:16:21.270
  • Now the reason I'm standing here is
  • 00:16:21.270 --> 00:16:23.230
  • because during the founding era
  • 00:16:23.230 --> 00:16:25.040
  • one of the presidents of Princeton
  • 00:16:25.040 --> 00:16:26.260
  • was actually a signer of the Declaration.
  • 00:16:26.260 --> 00:16:27.270
  • His name was John Witherspoon.
  • 00:16:27.270 --> 00:16:29.260
  • This is where he stayed during his term of as president.
  • 00:16:29.260 --> 00:16:32.020
  • Actually John Witherspoon was a minster in Scotland.
  • 00:16:32.020 --> 00:16:34.280
  • He was recruited by many founding fathers
  • 00:16:34.280 --> 00:16:36.220
  • to come and be an influencer in America,
  • 00:16:36.220 --> 00:16:38.190
  • specifically to come be the president here at Princeton.
  • 00:16:38.190 --> 00:16:41.020
  • Now when he got here, not only was he the president,
  • 00:16:41.020 --> 00:16:43.180
  • he led the theological seminary.
  • 00:16:43.180 --> 00:16:45.170
  • He also was the pastor here on campus.
  • 00:16:45.170 --> 00:16:48.040
  • He goes on to sign the Declaration,
  • 00:16:48.040 --> 00:16:50.060
  • and in the midst of all he's doing
  • 00:16:50.060 --> 00:16:51.130
  • to help promote things in America
  • 00:16:51.130 --> 00:16:53.090
  • and help promote freedom, biblical values,
  • 00:16:53.090 --> 00:16:55.060
  • he realized you know, a lot of people
  • 00:16:55.060 --> 00:16:57.110
  • even in the state of New Jersey don't have their own bible.
  • 00:16:57.110 --> 00:16:59.140
  • So he's largely responsible for this work right here.
  • 00:16:59.140 --> 00:17:02.130
  • It was a bible done for every family
  • 00:17:02.130 --> 00:17:04.240
  • in the state of New Jersey,
  • 00:17:04.240 --> 00:17:06.010
  • so they could have their own copy of the bible.
  • 00:17:06.010 --> 00:17:07.210
  • Well he goes on as a preacher.
  • 00:17:07.210 --> 00:17:08.270
  • He continues preaching.
  • 00:17:08.270 --> 00:17:10.040
  • This is one of his volumes of sermons.
  • 00:17:10.040 --> 00:17:12.030
  • In fact, he has a four volume set.
  • 00:17:12.030 --> 00:17:13.200
  • he had a 12 volume set.
  • 00:17:13.200 --> 00:17:14.150
  • He had a 15 volume set,
  • 00:17:14.150 --> 00:17:16.080
  • he preached a lot of sermons.
  • 00:17:16.080 --> 00:17:17.280
  • The reason I point that out is
  • 00:17:17.280 --> 00:17:19.130
  • most people today don't know the founding fathers,
  • 00:17:19.130 --> 00:17:21.080
  • but we often hear that they weren't religious.
  • 00:17:21.080 --> 00:17:23.050
  • We have no idea that they were ministers of the Gospel
  • 00:17:23.050 --> 00:17:26.150
  • who signed the Declaration.
  • 00:17:26.150 --> 00:17:27.190
  • Well there sure were.
  • 00:17:27.190 --> 00:17:29.010
  • In fact, they were presidents of universities
  • 00:17:29.010 --> 00:17:30.100
  • and John Witherspoon personally trained
  • 00:17:30.100 --> 00:17:32.080
  • more founding fathers than any single other individual
  • 00:17:32.080 --> 00:17:34.250
  • than any other university
  • 00:17:34.250 --> 00:17:36.080
  • and this is the place where he lived
  • 00:17:36.080 --> 00:17:37.260
  • when he was president of Princeton.
  • 00:17:37.260 --> 00:17:39.170
  • (drum music)
  • 00:17:39.170 --> 00:17:42.000
  • - We're in Princeton, New Jersey
  • 00:17:49.120 --> 00:17:50.240
  • and this is the home of Richard Stockton.
  • 00:17:50.240 --> 00:17:52.190
  • He's one of the signers of the Declaration from New Jersey.
  • 00:17:52.190 --> 00:17:55.230
  • He was one of the most effective attorneys
  • 00:17:55.230 --> 00:17:57.180
  • in this part of the state.
  • 00:17:57.180 --> 00:17:59.030
  • Actually was very wealthy, as you can tell from his home.
  • 00:17:59.030 --> 00:18:01.190
  • But when he signed the Declaration
  • 00:18:01.190 --> 00:18:03.050
  • the British were after him just like they were after
  • 00:18:03.050 --> 00:18:05.060
  • the other signers.
  • 00:18:05.060 --> 00:18:06.210
  • So when he believed that the British
  • 00:18:06.210 --> 00:18:08.050
  • were coming through this area he gathered up his family,
  • 00:18:08.050 --> 00:18:10.060
  • he too them about 30 miles away
  • 00:18:10.060 --> 00:18:11.270
  • to were he thought they would be safe,
  • 00:18:11.270 --> 00:18:13.150
  • but he ended up in the middle of a bunch of loyalist.
  • 00:18:13.150 --> 00:18:15.240
  • That is British supporters.
  • 00:18:15.240 --> 00:18:17.020
  • One night they captured him
  • 00:18:17.020 --> 00:18:18.140
  • and they turned him over to the British.
  • 00:18:18.140 --> 00:18:20.080
  • And the British put him in a prison ship.
  • 00:18:20.080 --> 00:18:22.060
  • That prison ship he was tortured,
  • 00:18:22.060 --> 00:18:23.290
  • and he was abused and mistreated and starved.
  • 00:18:23.290 --> 00:18:27.090
  • And that prison ship had been a 64 gun British man-of-war,
  • 00:18:27.090 --> 00:18:31.150
  • but they cut the masts off it,
  • 00:18:31.150 --> 00:18:33.060
  • they took the cannons out of it,
  • 00:18:33.060 --> 00:18:34.200
  • and they crammed 1200 prisoners down underneath,
  • 00:18:34.200 --> 00:18:38.040
  • and he was there with the others.
  • 00:18:38.040 --> 00:18:39.270
  • It was horrendous treatment.
  • 00:18:39.270 --> 00:18:41.160
  • When Congress found out about it,
  • 00:18:41.160 --> 00:18:43.060
  • they went to George Washington and said,
  • 00:18:43.060 --> 00:18:44.280
  • "Hey, go talk to the British general
  • 00:18:44.280 --> 00:18:46.240
  • "and see if that's the way they're going to treat prisoners,
  • 00:18:46.240 --> 00:18:48.230
  • "because if it is, we'll start treating
  • 00:18:48.230 --> 00:18:50.060
  • "the British prisoners that way."
  • 00:18:50.060 --> 00:18:51.210
  • And the British said, "No, no, you can have them back."
  • 00:18:51.210 --> 00:18:54.000
  • But when he got back,
  • 00:18:54.000 --> 00:18:55.070
  • his library had been burned by the British.
  • 00:18:55.070 --> 00:18:57.100
  • He had one of the greatest legal collections in the state.
  • 00:18:57.100 --> 00:18:59.240
  • They had taken his horses.
  • 00:18:59.240 --> 00:19:01.050
  • They butchered his livestock,
  • 00:19:01.050 --> 00:19:02.200
  • he had nothing but desolation when he got back.
  • 00:19:02.200 --> 00:19:05.210
  • So he's back and he has six kids,
  • 00:19:05.210 --> 00:19:07.130
  • he's dying, he knows it.
  • 00:19:07.130 --> 00:19:08.280
  • And he knows his kids are about to be fatherless.
  • 00:19:08.280 --> 00:19:10.250
  • So what do you do?
  • 00:19:10.250 --> 00:19:12.020
  • What he did was in his last will and testament
  • 00:19:12.020 --> 00:19:14.060
  • he starts it, he says, "As my children shall have frequent
  • 00:19:14.060 --> 00:19:16.220
  • "occasion of perusing this document,
  • 00:19:16.220 --> 00:19:18.190
  • "and may wonder as to the beliefs of their father."
  • 00:19:18.190 --> 00:19:21.120
  • He then went through and listed
  • 00:19:21.120 --> 00:19:22.190
  • all the doctorates of Christianity,
  • 00:19:22.190 --> 00:19:24.160
  • all the necessity of living a moral life,
  • 00:19:24.160 --> 00:19:27.000
  • how it's important in this life
  • 00:19:27.000 --> 00:19:28.130
  • and he just gave fatherly guidance to his kids
  • 00:19:28.130 --> 00:19:30.190
  • that were able to be without their father.
  • 00:19:30.190 --> 00:19:32.110
  • Great leader, great attorney,
  • 00:19:32.110 --> 00:19:33.250
  • he was on the Supreme Court here in New Jersey,
  • 00:19:33.250 --> 00:19:36.030
  • but a great story of Richard Stockton.
  • 00:19:36.030 --> 00:19:38.070
  • (drum music)
  • 00:19:38.070 --> 00:19:40.190
  • - We're in Quincy, Massachusetts,
  • 00:19:48.240 --> 00:19:50.050
  • actually at the home of John and Abigail Adams.
  • 00:19:50.050 --> 00:19:52.260
  • Now John and Abigail Adams probably more notable names
  • 00:19:52.260 --> 00:19:56.000
  • when it comes to the founding era.
  • 00:19:56.000 --> 00:19:57.090
  • Although, probably most Americans couldn't tell
  • 00:19:57.090 --> 00:19:59.140
  • a lot about their story.
  • 00:19:59.140 --> 00:20:00.130
  • Well John Adams specifically,
  • 00:20:00.130 --> 00:20:01.230
  • he was born in 1735, he was a descendant of both
  • 00:20:01.230 --> 00:20:05.020
  • pilgrims and puritans,
  • 00:20:05.020 --> 00:20:06.170
  • so really cool family history, fun family tree.
  • 00:20:06.170 --> 00:20:08.280
  • As a young man, he was very engaged
  • 00:20:08.280 --> 00:20:10.270
  • in the culture around him.
  • 00:20:10.270 --> 00:20:11.260
  • Got involved in politics.
  • 00:20:11.260 --> 00:20:13.080
  • Decides he wants to become a lawyer
  • 00:20:13.080 --> 00:20:14.210
  • and becomes a lawyer.
  • 00:20:14.210 --> 00:20:16.020
  • He meets a young woman named Abigail Smith
  • 00:20:16.020 --> 00:20:18.000
  • and thinks this woman's really impressive.
  • 00:20:18.000 --> 00:20:19.220
  • I need to know her more.
  • 00:20:19.220 --> 00:20:21.010
  • Well her father was one of the local pastors.
  • 00:20:21.010 --> 00:20:23.050
  • John Adams becomes so impressed with Abigail
  • 00:20:23.050 --> 00:20:25.130
  • they end up getting married.
  • 00:20:25.130 --> 00:20:26.210
  • Together they have six children,
  • 00:20:26.210 --> 00:20:28.020
  • although one daughter actually died
  • 00:20:28.020 --> 00:20:29.260
  • when she was one year old,
  • 00:20:29.260 --> 00:20:30.240
  • and one daughter was stillborn.
  • 00:20:30.240 --> 00:20:32.180
  • So four that survived,
  • 00:20:32.180 --> 00:20:34.010
  • one son goes on to become the sixth president
  • 00:20:34.010 --> 00:20:36.140
  • of the United States, John Quincy Adams.
  • 00:20:36.140 --> 00:20:38.070
  • But in 1770, was the infamous Boston Massacre.
  • 00:20:38.070 --> 00:20:41.090
  • Now there was already some tension
  • 00:20:41.090 --> 00:20:43.010
  • with the Americans and the British anyway,
  • 00:20:43.010 --> 00:20:44.160
  • but when the massacre happened
  • 00:20:44.160 --> 00:20:46.040
  • it really brought unrest between the Americans and British.
  • 00:20:46.040 --> 00:20:49.080
  • And the Americans were so frustrated
  • 00:20:49.080 --> 00:20:50.270
  • they wanted to execute he officer and the soldiers involved.
  • 00:20:50.270 --> 00:20:53.130
  • Well John Adams was a lawyer,
  • 00:20:53.130 --> 00:20:55.110
  • in fact, he was a lawyer tasked with defending
  • 00:20:55.110 --> 00:20:58.220
  • the British in this scenario.
  • 00:20:58.220 --> 00:21:00.040
  • Which no American was proud of.
  • 00:21:00.040 --> 00:21:02.150
  • In fact, they were very frustrated
  • 00:21:02.150 --> 00:21:04.090
  • but John Adams did it with great integrity.
  • 00:21:04.090 --> 00:21:06.170
  • Now John Adams actually argued the case so well
  • 00:21:06.170 --> 00:21:09.240
  • that the officer and the soldiers got off free.
  • 00:21:09.240 --> 00:21:12.020
  • Which again, no American was happy about.
  • 00:21:12.020 --> 00:21:14.080
  • Although they at least had the understanding and integrity
  • 00:21:14.080 --> 00:21:16.090
  • to recognize it wasn't John Adams trying to defend them
  • 00:21:16.090 --> 00:21:19.150
  • because he liked what they did.
  • 00:21:19.150 --> 00:21:20.270
  • It was rather a condition of the law
  • 00:21:20.270 --> 00:21:22.250
  • and John Adams wanted justice.
  • 00:21:22.250 --> 00:21:24.090
  • Well the people actually supported John Adams enough
  • 00:21:24.090 --> 00:21:26.250
  • that John Adams was then elected to become
  • 00:21:26.250 --> 00:21:29.140
  • part of their general assembly that same year.
  • 00:21:29.140 --> 00:21:32.030
  • Well shortly after that, 1774 is when there's the first
  • 00:21:32.030 --> 00:21:35.180
  • Continental Congress.
  • 00:21:35.180 --> 00:21:37.020
  • This is where the very first time you have people
  • 00:21:37.020 --> 00:21:38.280
  • from all 13 colonies coming together trying to figure out
  • 00:21:38.280 --> 00:21:41.270
  • what's going on in the midst
  • 00:21:41.270 --> 00:21:43.110
  • of the problems with the British.
  • 00:21:43.110 --> 00:21:44.290
  • Well it's during these congresses,
  • 00:21:44.290 --> 00:21:46.160
  • as they were meeting together, John Adams actually proposes
  • 00:21:46.160 --> 00:21:49.180
  • that George Washington be the commander-in-chief.
  • 00:21:49.180 --> 00:21:52.000
  • He says that men from Virginia opt to be our commander.
  • 00:21:52.000 --> 00:21:55.160
  • Well as John Adams continues on he stays involved
  • 00:21:55.160 --> 00:21:58.000
  • in this political realm.
  • 00:21:58.000 --> 00:21:59.170
  • In fact, he becomes known as one of the sons of liberty.
  • 00:21:59.170 --> 00:22:02.090
  • In the midst of this in 1776,
  • 00:22:02.090 --> 00:22:04.080
  • he was put on the committee of five
  • 00:22:04.080 --> 00:22:05.270
  • that was tasked with drafting
  • 00:22:05.270 --> 00:22:07.090
  • the Declaration of Independence.
  • 00:22:07.090 --> 00:22:08.220
  • And although Thomas Jefferson really is the guy
  • 00:22:08.220 --> 00:22:10.250
  • who did the writing of the Declaration,
  • 00:22:10.250 --> 00:22:12.210
  • when they brought back the Declaration
  • 00:22:12.210 --> 00:22:14.130
  • and presented it to the rest of Congress,
  • 00:22:14.130 --> 00:22:16.030
  • John Adams was the chief advocate.
  • 00:22:16.030 --> 00:22:17.270
  • He was the one encouraging the rest of the congressmen
  • 00:22:17.270 --> 00:22:20.000
  • we have to get this done.
  • 00:22:20.000 --> 00:22:21.070
  • We need the declaration, we need this now.
  • 00:22:21.070 --> 00:22:23.180
  • So he became the leader on the floor
  • 00:22:23.180 --> 00:22:25.140
  • of actually getting the Declaration passed.
  • 00:22:25.140 --> 00:22:27.180
  • The following year in 1777,
  • 00:22:27.180 --> 00:22:29.130
  • he was appointed by Congress
  • 00:22:29.130 --> 00:22:30.290
  • to go over to Europe and actually spend
  • 00:22:30.290 --> 00:22:32.150
  • the next many years in Europe trying to negotiate
  • 00:22:32.150 --> 00:22:34.250
  • an end to the war with Britain,
  • 00:22:34.250 --> 00:22:36.030
  • working with France, working in Holland.
  • 00:22:36.030 --> 00:22:38.060
  • In 1788, he resigned his post in Europe
  • 00:22:38.060 --> 00:22:40.140
  • and came back to America.
  • 00:22:40.140 --> 00:22:41.120
  • Now while he was in Europe
  • 00:22:41.120 --> 00:22:42.240
  • they actually did the Constitution.
  • 00:22:42.240 --> 00:22:44.290
  • So he had nothing to do with the Constitution
  • 00:22:44.290 --> 00:22:47.000
  • although when he returned he did right in favor
  • 00:22:47.000 --> 00:22:49.130
  • supporting Constitutions,
  • 00:22:49.130 --> 00:22:50.160
  • and as great as we need to do.
  • 00:22:50.160 --> 00:22:52.050
  • Well the following year he becomes the first
  • 00:22:52.050 --> 00:22:54.000
  • Vice President of the United States
  • 00:22:54.000 --> 00:22:55.210
  • under the first president, George Washington.
  • 00:22:55.210 --> 00:22:58.070
  • And he served in that post for eight years.
  • 00:22:58.070 --> 00:23:00.140
  • At the end of eight years,
  • 00:23:00.140 --> 00:23:01.210
  • he had been chosen to be the second president
  • 00:23:01.210 --> 00:23:03.280
  • of the United States.
  • 00:23:03.280 --> 00:23:05.070
  • Now his vice president was Thomas Jefferson.
  • 00:23:05.070 --> 00:23:07.210
  • And it was unique because at that point,
  • 00:23:07.210 --> 00:23:09.120
  • you didn't pick your vice president.
  • 00:23:09.120 --> 00:23:11.040
  • The vice president was the person
  • 00:23:11.040 --> 00:23:12.170
  • who had the second most votes.
  • 00:23:12.170 --> 00:23:14.030
  • So Thomas Jefferson had run against him
  • 00:23:14.030 --> 00:23:15.260
  • so they were not political friends.
  • 00:23:15.260 --> 00:23:17.270
  • Well at the end of his first term
  • 00:23:17.270 --> 00:23:19.150
  • Thomas Jefferson decides that he wants
  • 00:23:19.150 --> 00:23:21.150
  • to be president and runs.
  • 00:23:21.150 --> 00:23:22.210
  • And so John Adams loses in is bid to become
  • 00:23:22.210 --> 00:23:25.050
  • a president for a second term.
  • 00:23:25.050 --> 00:23:27.000
  • At this point, he decides 1801 he's going to retire
  • 00:23:27.000 --> 00:23:29.220
  • from public life.
  • 00:23:29.220 --> 00:23:30.200
  • He's served for so many years.
  • 00:23:30.200 --> 00:23:32.090
  • He comes back to this home again in Quincy, Massachusetts.
  • 00:23:32.090 --> 00:23:35.170
  • Well even though they had great disagreements
  • 00:23:35.170 --> 00:23:37.110
  • throughout their political career,
  • 00:23:37.110 --> 00:23:38.260
  • at the end of their life, he and Jefferson became friends.
  • 00:23:38.260 --> 00:23:40.290
  • Quite uniquely, on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration,
  • 00:23:40.290 --> 00:23:44.080
  • July 4, 1826, he and Thomas Jefferson both being friends,
  • 00:23:44.080 --> 00:23:48.140
  • both died on that day.
  • 00:23:48.140 --> 00:23:51.020
  • On the morning of the 50th anniversary,
  • 00:23:51.020 --> 00:23:52.290
  • John Adams wasn't able to get out of bed.
  • 00:23:52.290 --> 00:23:54.180
  • His family, friends recognized this is probably
  • 00:23:54.180 --> 00:23:56.180
  • the end of his life.
  • 00:23:56.180 --> 00:23:57.190
  • They gathered around the bed
  • 00:23:57.190 --> 00:23:59.040
  • and they asked if he would like to propose a toast.
  • 00:23:59.040 --> 00:24:01.120
  • So John Adams raised his glass
  • 00:24:01.120 --> 00:24:03.170
  • and his last words were, "Independence forever."
  • 00:24:03.170 --> 00:24:06.200
  • (drum music)
  • 00:24:06.200 --> 00:24:09.030
  • - We're in Hopewell, New Jersey,
  • 00:24:15.100 --> 00:24:16.250
  • and this is the home of John Hart,
  • 00:24:16.250 --> 00:24:18.240
  • one of the signers of the Declaration from New Jersey.
  • 00:24:18.240 --> 00:24:21.070
  • He was actually one of the older signers.
  • 00:24:21.070 --> 00:24:23.090
  • He was in his upper 60s when he signed the Declaration,
  • 00:24:23.090 --> 00:24:25.270
  • and he was a favorite of all of his neighbors.
  • 00:24:25.270 --> 00:24:28.040
  • Now he had a farm here, there's 400 acres here.
  • 00:24:28.040 --> 00:24:30.130
  • He loved farming, he loved being outdoors.
  • 00:24:30.130 --> 00:24:32.140
  • And his neighbors loved him
  • 00:24:32.140 --> 00:24:33.230
  • because he always did what was right.
  • 00:24:33.230 --> 00:24:35.200
  • As a matter of fact they called him Honest John Hart.
  • 00:24:35.200 --> 00:24:37.280
  • And they so trusted him,
  • 00:24:37.280 --> 00:24:39.100
  • that for nearly 20 years they elected him
  • 00:24:39.100 --> 00:24:41.050
  • to local offices and the state legislature,
  • 00:24:41.050 --> 00:24:43.060
  • and he just did what was right, time after time.
  • 00:24:43.060 --> 00:24:45.180
  • Well when he signed the Declaration of Independence,
  • 00:24:45.180 --> 00:24:47.250
  • that certainly made the British mad at him
  • 00:24:47.250 --> 00:24:49.240
  • and so they wanted him and they wanted him bad.
  • 00:24:49.240 --> 00:24:52.230
  • When word came that the British were coming,
  • 00:24:52.230 --> 00:24:55.000
  • he was in his house at the bedside of his wife
  • 00:24:55.000 --> 00:24:57.280
  • who was sick and was dying.
  • 00:24:57.280 --> 00:24:59.230
  • He had 13 kids.
  • 00:24:59.230 --> 00:25:01.040
  • He had all the responsibilities of the farm
  • 00:25:01.040 --> 00:25:02.170
  • but the neighbors come and say,
  • 00:25:02.170 --> 00:25:04.020
  • "You got to leave, the British are just around the corner.
  • 00:25:04.020 --> 00:25:05.270
  • "You've got to go."
  • 00:25:05.270 --> 00:25:07.100
  • And his friends and neighbors get him out of the house
  • 00:25:07.100 --> 00:25:09.020
  • just before the British arrive.
  • 00:25:09.020 --> 00:25:10.220
  • And so as it turns out his wife actually ended up dying.
  • 00:25:10.220 --> 00:25:13.190
  • He wasn't there when she did
  • 00:25:13.190 --> 00:25:15.040
  • and the British hunted him for the next several months
  • 00:25:15.040 --> 00:25:17.240
  • all over the state.
  • 00:25:17.240 --> 00:25:19.120
  • And amazingly, he never spent two nights in a row
  • 00:25:19.120 --> 00:25:22.160
  • in the same place.
  • 00:25:22.160 --> 00:25:24.010
  • He would sleep in a cave or sleep under a creek bank.
  • 00:25:24.010 --> 00:25:26.220
  • He even said that there were times he would crawl in
  • 00:25:26.220 --> 00:25:28.280
  • where dogs were sleeping and sleep there with the dogs
  • 00:25:28.280 --> 00:25:30.290
  • like in a dog house.
  • 00:25:30.290 --> 00:25:32.090
  • And for a year, this man in his upper 60s
  • 00:25:32.090 --> 00:25:34.210
  • was living in all this rough area
  • 00:25:34.210 --> 00:25:36.110
  • and the British were chasing him.
  • 00:25:36.110 --> 00:25:37.190
  • Well when the British finally left the area,
  • 00:25:37.190 --> 00:25:39.160
  • he returns home.
  • 00:25:39.160 --> 00:25:41.060
  • His kids had been scattered.
  • 00:25:41.060 --> 00:25:42.210
  • His estate has been pillaged.
  • 00:25:42.210 --> 00:25:45.120
  • All of his livestock has been butchered.
  • 00:25:45.120 --> 00:25:47.190
  • It's just been desolated,
  • 00:25:47.190 --> 00:25:49.180
  • and his wife is now gone.
  • 00:25:49.180 --> 00:25:51.160
  • And it hurt him so much and really just weighed on him
  • 00:25:51.160 --> 00:25:55.050
  • that he never recovered from it.
  • 00:25:55.050 --> 00:25:56.260
  • He died before the end of the American Revolution,
  • 00:25:56.260 --> 00:26:00.020
  • but he was a strong Christian man
  • 00:26:00.020 --> 00:26:01.290
  • as well as a strong patriot.
  • 00:26:01.290 --> 00:26:03.070
  • He was a baptist and that was pretty unusual
  • 00:26:03.070 --> 00:26:05.080
  • in this part of the country at the time.
  • 00:26:05.080 --> 00:26:06.280
  • And he actually gave the land to the baptist church
  • 00:26:06.280 --> 00:26:10.010
  • for them to have their meeting house
  • 00:26:10.010 --> 00:26:11.140
  • and for them to have their cemetery.
  • 00:26:11.140 --> 00:26:13.040
  • He's actually buried in that cemetery.
  • 00:26:13.040 --> 00:26:15.070
  • It turns out that the first baptist meeting house
  • 00:26:15.070 --> 00:26:17.190
  • that's built in America for a place of worship.
  • 00:26:17.190 --> 00:26:20.040
  • So with John Hart, you have a signer of the Declaration
  • 00:26:20.040 --> 00:26:22.220
  • who's a great patriot, strong family man,
  • 00:26:22.220 --> 00:26:25.120
  • has a great sacrifice that he paid,
  • 00:26:25.120 --> 00:26:27.260
  • and he's a strong man of faith.
  • 00:26:27.260 --> 00:26:29.280
  • This is like many of the founding fathers.
  • 00:26:29.280 --> 00:26:31.260
  • (drum music)
  • 00:26:31.260 --> 00:26:34.090
  • - Can you name anybody that signed the Declaration?
  • 00:26:40.030 --> 00:26:42.070
  • - John Hancock.
  • 00:26:42.070 --> 00:26:43.020
  • - Exactly.
  • 00:26:43.020 --> 00:26:44.060
  • Yeah, and who was John Hancock?
  • 00:26:44.060 --> 00:26:45.260
  • - He was the President of Congress.
  • 00:26:45.260 --> 00:26:47.060
  • - You're brilliant, right.
  • 00:26:47.060 --> 00:26:48.010
  • You're so smart.
  • 00:26:48.010 --> 00:26:49.150
  • Do you know anybody else who signed the Declaration.
  • 00:26:49.150 --> 00:26:51.020
  • - Benjamin Franklin.
  • 00:26:51.020 --> 00:26:52.020
  • - Benjamin Franklin did sign.
  • 00:26:52.020 --> 00:26:53.170
  • Okay so we have two, there's 54 left.
  • 00:26:53.170 --> 00:26:55.180
  • Can you name anybody that signed it?
  • 00:26:55.180 --> 00:26:57.120
  • - George Washington.
  • 00:26:58.180 --> 00:27:00.130
  • - Was the commander of the military.
  • 00:27:00.130 --> 00:27:02.020
  • - George Washington.
  • 00:27:02.020 --> 00:27:03.000
  • - That's a really good guess.
  • 00:27:03.000 --> 00:27:04.060
  • He was the commander of the military.
  • 00:27:04.060 --> 00:27:05.270
  • - Well Hancock.
  • 00:27:05.270 --> 00:27:07.090
  • - Yeah.
  • 00:27:07.090 --> 00:27:08.040
  • - Franklin.
  • 00:27:10.260 --> 00:27:11.210
  • - He did.
  • 00:27:11.210 --> 00:27:12.160
  • - G. Dubs, George Washington, was he involved?
  • 00:27:15.030 --> 00:27:17.090
  • - He actually signed the Constitution.
  • 00:27:17.090 --> 00:27:18.200
  • Can you name any people that signed it?
  • 00:27:18.200 --> 00:27:20.200
  • - John Hancock.
  • 00:27:20.200 --> 00:27:21.150
  • - [Tim] Of course.
  • 00:27:21.150 --> 00:27:22.190
  • - Thomas Jefferson.
  • 00:27:22.190 --> 00:27:23.150
  • - [Tim] Of course.
  • 00:27:23.150 --> 00:27:24.100
  • - John Adams.
  • 00:27:24.100 --> 00:27:25.060
  • - [Tim] Yes.
  • 00:27:25.060 --> 00:27:26.010
  • - George Washington, no?
  • 00:27:26.010 --> 00:27:27.120
  • - [Tim] Did the Constitution.
  • 00:27:27.120 --> 00:27:28.120
  • - Hancock.
  • 00:27:28.120 --> 00:27:29.070
  • - John Hancock, yeah.
  • 00:27:29.070 --> 00:27:30.050
  • - John Hancock.
  • 00:27:31.010 --> 00:27:31.260
  • - Absolutely.
  • 00:27:31.260 --> 00:27:32.210
  • - John Hancock.
  • 00:27:34.280 --> 00:27:35.230
  • - Absolutely.
  • 00:27:35.230 --> 00:27:36.290
  • - John Hancock, who was born about 100 yards
  • 00:27:36.290 --> 00:27:39.090
  • up the street from here.
  • 00:27:39.090 --> 00:27:40.030
  • - Absolutely.
  • 00:27:40.030 --> 00:27:41.080
  • - As we know, Robert Treat Paine.
  • 00:27:41.080 --> 00:27:42.190
  • A fellow named Fairfield.
  • 00:27:43.180 --> 00:27:45.140
  • I don't know if Benji signed it.
  • 00:27:47.200 --> 00:27:49.280
  • I'm sure John Adams signed it.
  • 00:27:49.280 --> 00:27:51.180
  • - Absolutely.
  • 00:27:51.180 --> 00:27:52.160
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:27:52.160 --> 00:27:55.080
  • (audience applause)
  • 00:27:57.180 --> 00:27:59.240
  • All right we want to welcome you guys watching today.
  • 00:27:59.240 --> 00:28:01.290
  • Welcome the audience, thank you guys for being here.
  • 00:28:01.290 --> 00:28:04.030
  • We're going to start talking about
  • 00:28:04.030 --> 00:28:05.180
  • signers of the Declaration as we celebrate Fourth of July.
  • 00:28:05.180 --> 00:28:08.100
  • Probably the most famous signature
  • 00:28:08.100 --> 00:28:11.020
  • on the Declaration is this guy's up here,
  • 00:28:11.020 --> 00:28:13.200
  • John Hancock, right.
  • 00:28:13.200 --> 00:28:15.060
  • John Hancock's name, most people have seen the signature.
  • 00:28:15.060 --> 00:28:18.060
  • Most people have a general understanding of the name
  • 00:28:18.060 --> 00:28:20.220
  • but probably not a lot about the person or the character.
  • 00:28:20.220 --> 00:28:23.170
  • John Hancock was the President of Congress
  • 00:28:23.170 --> 00:28:25.230
  • during the Revolution.
  • 00:28:25.230 --> 00:28:27.080
  • He was one of the guys who was part of the Sons of Liberty,
  • 00:28:27.080 --> 00:28:29.100
  • but he also became the first governor
  • 00:28:29.100 --> 00:28:31.060
  • of the state of Massachusetts.
  • 00:28:31.060 --> 00:28:32.220
  • Under the king, the king appointed all the governors.
  • 00:28:32.220 --> 00:28:35.020
  • So once we separated in 1776,
  • 00:28:35.020 --> 00:28:37.090
  • at that point all the state begin electing
  • 00:28:37.090 --> 00:28:39.120
  • their own leaders.
  • 00:28:39.120 --> 00:28:40.140
  • John Hancock was chosen to be
  • 00:28:40.140 --> 00:28:42.080
  • the first governor of Massachusetts.
  • 00:28:42.080 --> 00:28:43.260
  • And one of the things he did was a practice
  • 00:28:43.260 --> 00:28:46.010
  • actually that goes all the way back
  • 00:28:46.010 --> 00:28:47.030
  • to the time of the pilgrims
  • 00:28:47.030 --> 00:28:48.130
  • and every Spring the pilgrims would do
  • 00:28:48.130 --> 00:28:51.030
  • a day of prayer and fasting.
  • 00:28:51.030 --> 00:28:52.290
  • Asking for God to send the rain, right.
  • 00:28:52.290 --> 00:28:54.250
  • Help grow the crops.
  • 00:28:54.250 --> 00:28:56.110
  • Well every single Fall they would do a thanksgiving day
  • 00:28:56.110 --> 00:28:59.120
  • and let's thank God for what he's done.
  • 00:28:59.120 --> 00:29:01.040
  • Well John Hancock follows that up.
  • 00:29:01.040 --> 00:29:03.030
  • In fact, this is one of the original
  • 00:29:03.030 --> 00:29:05.130
  • John Hancock Thanksgiving proclamations.
  • 00:29:05.130 --> 00:29:07.220
  • He had 22 different prayer proclamations as governor,
  • 00:29:07.220 --> 00:29:11.000
  • calling on people to recognize God,
  • 00:29:11.000 --> 00:29:13.080
  • to thank God for God's provision
  • 00:29:13.080 --> 00:29:14.250
  • for what God had done for them.
  • 00:29:14.250 --> 00:29:16.100
  • Well this one is actually a unique Thanksgiving proclamation
  • 00:29:16.100 --> 00:29:19.210
  • because in this proclamation it actually happens in,
  • 00:29:19.210 --> 00:29:23.080
  • at the bottom it says, "On the eighth day of November
  • 00:29:23.080 --> 00:29:26.050
  • "in the year of our Lord 1780."
  • 00:29:26.050 --> 00:29:28.240
  • So it's 1780, what happened that year prior to this
  • 00:29:28.240 --> 00:29:33.190
  • was actually the revelation of the traitor Benedict Arnold,
  • 00:29:33.190 --> 00:29:38.090
  • where they find out that the mission is going on.
  • 00:29:38.090 --> 00:29:40.050
  • His plot to overthrow Washington and Westpoint
  • 00:29:40.050 --> 00:29:42.200
  • and really try to end the Revolution.
  • 00:29:42.200 --> 00:29:44.130
  • Well one of the things he says is that,
  • 00:29:44.130 --> 00:29:46.060
  • "We are thankful for the watchful providence
  • 00:29:46.060 --> 00:29:48.040
  • "and the rescuing the person of our Commander-in-Chief,
  • 00:29:48.040 --> 00:29:50.140
  • "and the army from immanent danger
  • 00:29:50.140 --> 00:29:52.010
  • "at the moment when treason was ripe and for execution."
  • 00:29:52.010 --> 00:29:54.230
  • On he goes, what's interesting to me though
  • 00:29:54.230 --> 00:29:57.020
  • is this isn't some thing that every Fall
  • 00:29:57.020 --> 00:30:01.020
  • we have this arbitrary thanksgiving to God.
  • 00:30:01.020 --> 00:30:03.050
  • He's actually noting specific details,
  • 00:30:03.050 --> 00:30:06.200
  • so even like we would talk about in our life.
  • 00:30:06.200 --> 00:30:08.220
  • What can we be thankful for?
  • 00:30:08.220 --> 00:30:09.240
  • What has God done for us?
  • 00:30:09.240 --> 00:30:11.090
  • He's literally looking at things happening around him
  • 00:30:11.090 --> 00:30:13.190
  • and saying, "We need to thank God for what God is doing."
  • 00:30:13.190 --> 00:30:16.170
  • Well that's what happened in the Fall.
  • 00:30:16.170 --> 00:30:18.250
  • - They did that with prayer and fasting.
  • 00:30:18.250 --> 00:30:20.110
  • This is one of his prayer and fasting proclamations.
  • 00:30:20.110 --> 00:30:22.190
  • You go through, he's got the state of Massachusetts
  • 00:30:22.190 --> 00:30:25.070
  • praying and fasting for specific things.
  • 00:30:25.070 --> 00:30:27.120
  • I mean, that's what you see
  • 00:30:27.120 --> 00:30:28.200
  • in the fasting proclamations as well.
  • 00:30:28.200 --> 00:30:30.150
  • - This is one of the fasting proclamations.
  • 00:30:30.150 --> 00:30:32.020
  • And this is also interesting to me,
  • 00:30:32.020 --> 00:30:33.200
  • because not only is he calling in the fast,
  • 00:30:33.200 --> 00:30:35.160
  • which certainly is a spiritual thing
  • 00:30:35.160 --> 00:30:37.260
  • that Christians we're kind of called to do at times.
  • 00:30:37.260 --> 00:30:40.140
  • One of the things he says about this is that we need to,
  • 00:30:40.140 --> 00:30:43.010
  • "Implore the Divine forgiveness,
  • 00:30:43.010 --> 00:30:44.160
  • "through the Merits and Mediation
  • 00:30:44.160 --> 00:30:45.220
  • "of Jesus Christ, our Savior."
  • 00:30:45.220 --> 00:30:47.210
  • - Oh, now that sounds Christian.
  • 00:30:47.210 --> 00:30:49.250
  • - That's a big deal because right today,
  • 00:30:49.250 --> 00:30:52.060
  • everybody knows the name John Hancock,
  • 00:30:52.060 --> 00:30:54.010
  • but most people have heard the founding fathers
  • 00:30:54.010 --> 00:30:55.220
  • were atheist, or they're agnostics, or they're deists.
  • 00:30:55.220 --> 00:30:58.220
  • Well atheist, agnostics, and deists
  • 00:30:58.220 --> 00:31:00.090
  • don't talk about the fact that we need
  • 00:31:00.090 --> 00:31:02.210
  • the forgiveness through the merits and mediation
  • 00:31:02.210 --> 00:31:04.140
  • of Jesus Christ our Savior.
  • 00:31:04.140 --> 00:31:06.220
  • Not only does he believe in Jesus,
  • 00:31:06.220 --> 00:31:08.150
  • he's saying that we need Jesus in our life.
  • 00:31:08.150 --> 00:31:11.010
  • We need that and recognizes him as savior.
  • 00:31:11.010 --> 00:31:13.260
  • Well John Hancock is one of those names
  • 00:31:13.260 --> 00:31:15.210
  • that certainly is well known.
  • 00:31:15.210 --> 00:31:17.140
  • People don't know a lot about him.
  • 00:31:17.140 --> 00:31:18.210
  • One of the cool things we actually have is,
  • 00:31:18.210 --> 00:31:21.020
  • there's been a reprint of a lot of those
  • 00:31:21.020 --> 00:31:22.180
  • original prayer proclamations.
  • 00:31:22.180 --> 00:31:24.050
  • So really fun, right.
  • 00:31:24.050 --> 00:31:25.130
  • So if parents want to help their kids
  • 00:31:25.130 --> 00:31:27.130
  • see some of these old things,
  • 00:31:27.130 --> 00:31:28.220
  • or if you're a teach or a homeschool parent.
  • 00:31:28.220 --> 00:31:31.030
  • But there's a lot of these proclamations.
  • 00:31:31.030 --> 00:31:33.050
  • So actually at wallbuilders.com you can go
  • 00:31:33.050 --> 00:31:35.050
  • and you can see some of these.
  • 00:31:35.050 --> 00:31:37.010
  • But this is one of the examples from founding fathers
  • 00:31:37.010 --> 00:31:40.080
  • certainly names we recognize,
  • 00:31:40.080 --> 00:31:42.170
  • but don't know much of their story.
  • 00:31:42.170 --> 00:31:43.240
  • - We don't know much of the story,
  • 00:31:43.240 --> 00:31:45.000
  • or even the culture back then what happened.
  • 00:31:45.000 --> 00:31:46.290
  • Because as governor of the state of Massachusetts,
  • 00:31:46.290 --> 00:31:49.140
  • where he issued these 22 proclamations,
  • 00:31:49.140 --> 00:31:51.270
  • this is not quite as big as those proclamations
  • 00:31:51.270 --> 00:31:54.280
  • but right up top, it's got the big title that says sermon.
  • 00:31:54.280 --> 00:31:58.120
  • And then right under that is says John Hancock.
  • 00:31:58.120 --> 00:32:00.260
  • It's not that he preaches sermon,
  • 00:32:01.250 --> 00:32:03.100
  • it's that every year the governor,
  • 00:32:03.100 --> 00:32:05.250
  • Governor Hancock, would bring in a preacher
  • 00:32:05.250 --> 00:32:07.270
  • to preach to the entire state government.
  • 00:32:07.270 --> 00:32:10.000
  • And so he and Lieutenant Governor,
  • 00:32:10.000 --> 00:32:12.060
  • and the House, and the Senate they all get together
  • 00:32:12.060 --> 00:32:15.060
  • and that's how they started every legislative session
  • 00:32:15.060 --> 00:32:17.280
  • was with a preacher giving them guidance on,
  • 00:32:17.280 --> 00:32:20.060
  • oh if you're looking at education this year,
  • 00:32:20.060 --> 00:32:21.270
  • here's what you need to know out of the scriptures.
  • 00:32:21.270 --> 00:32:23.100
  • You're looking at taxes, here's what you need to know.
  • 00:32:23.100 --> 00:32:25.080
  • You're looking at military.
  • 00:32:25.080 --> 00:32:26.220
  • So there's a lot of sermons with John Hancock's name on them
  • 00:32:26.220 --> 00:32:30.100
  • because he brought preachers in
  • 00:32:30.100 --> 00:32:31.240
  • and had preachers preach
  • 00:32:31.240 --> 00:32:33.040
  • which was a custom in Massachusetts
  • 00:32:33.040 --> 00:32:34.260
  • and a lot of the Northeastern colonies.
  • 00:32:34.260 --> 00:32:36.120
  • - So not only was he a guy who was obviously
  • 00:32:36.120 --> 00:32:38.170
  • open to faith and religion
  • 00:32:38.170 --> 00:32:39.230
  • and doing proclamations as governor.
  • 00:32:39.230 --> 00:32:41.280
  • He's a guy who says I want to know what the Bible says.
  • 00:32:41.280 --> 00:32:45.020
  • I want pastors come teach me,
  • 00:32:45.020 --> 00:32:46.290
  • so he's also being mentored by pastors
  • 00:32:46.290 --> 00:32:48.240
  • which is also kind of a cool deal.
  • 00:32:48.240 --> 00:32:50.140
  • We don't hear about today,
  • 00:32:50.140 --> 00:32:51.180
  • but John Hancock again,
  • 00:32:51.180 --> 00:32:52.250
  • it's a name we know,
  • 00:32:52.250 --> 00:32:54.020
  • we just don't always know a lot about him.
  • 00:32:54.020 --> 00:32:55.230
  • Another name that is really well known today is Sam Adams.
  • 00:32:55.230 --> 00:33:00.020
  • Although probably the reason he's most known today
  • 00:33:00.020 --> 00:33:03.230
  • is probably not really who he was and what he did.
  • 00:33:03.230 --> 00:33:07.000
  • What do you know about Sam Adams?
  • 00:33:07.000 --> 00:33:09.130
  • - Today?
  • 00:33:09.130 --> 00:33:10.190
  • - What's kind of the number one thing
  • 00:33:10.190 --> 00:33:11.170
  • with the name association.
  • 00:33:11.170 --> 00:33:12.070
  • Alcohol right?
  • 00:33:12.070 --> 00:33:13.050
  • He's the beer guy, right.
  • 00:33:13.050 --> 00:33:14.230
  • That's what he's known as,
  • 00:33:14.230 --> 00:33:16.060
  • although he had a different title for generations.
  • 00:33:16.060 --> 00:33:20.280
  • He was known as the Father of the Revolution.
  • 00:33:22.090 --> 00:33:23.260
  • The reason he was known as the Father of the Revolution
  • 00:33:23.260 --> 00:33:26.040
  • he was the guy back early 1770s,
  • 00:33:26.040 --> 00:33:28.280
  • he's already saying,
  • 00:33:28.280 --> 00:33:30.050
  • "We need to get the British off our backs.
  • 00:33:30.050 --> 00:33:31.230
  • "We need some freedom, this tyrannical king."
  • 00:33:31.230 --> 00:33:33.210
  • He's already fighting for freedom on a lot of levels.
  • 00:33:33.210 --> 00:33:36.140
  • In fact, one of the things that he was
  • 00:33:36.140 --> 00:33:38.230
  • very heavily involved in,
  • 00:33:38.230 --> 00:33:40.080
  • he's one of the guys who leads the Sons of Liberty.
  • 00:33:40.080 --> 00:33:42.250
  • Now the Sons of Liberty were well known
  • 00:33:42.250 --> 00:33:44.170
  • for things like the Boston Tea Party, which actually-
  • 00:33:44.170 --> 00:33:47.180
  • - And everybody knows what a tea bag is,
  • 00:33:47.180 --> 00:33:49.080
  • and we think the Boston Tea Party
  • 00:33:49.080 --> 00:33:50.180
  • they through a bunch of tea bags in the harbor.
  • 00:33:50.180 --> 00:33:52.280
  • That's tea.
  • 00:33:52.280 --> 00:33:54.130
  • - This is a tea block.
  • 00:33:54.130 --> 00:33:56.070
  • So on the back you actually can break off a block of it
  • 00:33:56.070 --> 00:33:59.160
  • and then you would scrap to get the amount of tea you need.
  • 00:33:59.160 --> 00:34:02.210
  • You can take that tea,
  • 00:34:02.210 --> 00:34:04.100
  • so the Sons of Liberty they dressed up as Indians,
  • 00:34:04.100 --> 00:34:08.110
  • so as not to identify themselves.
  • 00:34:08.110 --> 00:34:09.290
  • Although I don't know how well they disguised themselves,
  • 00:34:09.290 --> 00:34:11.270
  • like probably like, "Well he took off his shirt,
  • 00:34:11.270 --> 00:34:14.070
  • "but that's still Sam Adams."
  • 00:34:14.070 --> 00:34:16.110
  • Probably they still could find you.
  • 00:34:16.110 --> 00:34:18.110
  • Nonetheless, they dress up
  • 00:34:18.110 --> 00:34:20.030
  • and they're throwing blocks of tea into the harbor.
  • 00:34:20.030 --> 00:34:22.200
  • Well most people have heard of the Boston Tea Party.
  • 00:34:22.200 --> 00:34:25.060
  • Well Sam Adams, he and John Hancock,
  • 00:34:25.060 --> 00:34:27.150
  • were both leaders of the Sons of Liberty,
  • 00:34:27.150 --> 00:34:29.030
  • but Sam Adams is really the guy helping lead a lot of this.
  • 00:34:29.030 --> 00:34:32.110
  • - And you mentioned Hancock and Adams together,
  • 00:34:32.110 --> 00:34:35.020
  • and they were both governors of Massachusetts,
  • 00:34:35.020 --> 00:34:37.090
  • but there's a big difference between these guys.
  • 00:34:37.090 --> 00:34:39.180
  • You got them here side by side,
  • 00:34:39.180 --> 00:34:41.090
  • he's one of the wealthiest guys in America, hands down.
  • 00:34:41.090 --> 00:34:45.090
  • Not him.
  • 00:34:45.090 --> 00:34:46.230
  • I mean, he is so poor that when he got elected to
  • 00:34:46.230 --> 00:34:48.280
  • the Continental Congress,
  • 00:34:48.280 --> 00:34:50.050
  • he didn't even have a suit of clothes.
  • 00:34:50.050 --> 00:34:52.040
  • His neighbors got together and took up a collection,
  • 00:34:52.040 --> 00:34:54.120
  • said, "Let's buy Sam some socks and some new pants,
  • 00:34:54.120 --> 00:34:57.110
  • "and a shirt.
  • 00:34:57.110 --> 00:34:58.090
  • "I mean he's going to Congress."
  • 00:34:58.090 --> 00:34:59.240
  • - Yeah so literally, they said he's our best speaker.
  • 00:34:59.240 --> 00:35:02.110
  • He's the one that will represent us the best,
  • 00:35:02.110 --> 00:35:04.010
  • but the only suit he had is what he wore,
  • 00:35:04.010 --> 00:35:06.190
  • and had holes in it.
  • 00:35:06.190 --> 00:35:08.010
  • He had a pair of stockings with holes in it.
  • 00:35:08.010 --> 00:35:09.040
  • So they took up a collection.
  • 00:35:09.040 --> 00:35:10.110
  • They bought him five pair of new stockings.
  • 00:35:10.110 --> 00:35:12.220
  • They bought him a new suit,
  • 00:35:12.220 --> 00:35:14.030
  • but then the problem is
  • 00:35:14.030 --> 00:35:15.210
  • he's still got to get from Massachusetts
  • 00:35:15.210 --> 00:35:17.160
  • down to where Congress is meeting.
  • 00:35:17.160 --> 00:35:19.040
  • So they actually wrote to his cousin, John Adams
  • 00:35:19.040 --> 00:35:21.210
  • and said, "Could you cousin borrow a horse?"
  • 00:35:21.210 --> 00:35:24.030
  • Apparently they didn't even have a horse in the town
  • 00:35:24.030 --> 00:35:25.170
  • they could loan him.
  • 00:35:25.170 --> 00:35:26.230
  • They're using them to work on the farms.
  • 00:35:26.230 --> 00:35:28.030
  • So he has to borrow a horse
  • 00:35:28.030 --> 00:35:29.160
  • just to be able to not have to walk
  • 00:35:29.160 --> 00:35:31.270
  • to get to the Continental Congress.
  • 00:35:31.270 --> 00:35:33.190
  • So yeah, he's an example of we often hear today,
  • 00:35:33.190 --> 00:35:35.240
  • well there were these really rich white guys.
  • 00:35:35.240 --> 00:35:37.120
  • Well there were some guys that were rich,
  • 00:35:37.120 --> 00:35:38.260
  • but certainly that's a stereotype that's not accurate
  • 00:35:38.260 --> 00:35:41.150
  • to all of them.
  • 00:35:41.150 --> 00:35:42.280
  • - The founding fathers really were typical Americans.
  • 00:35:42.280 --> 00:35:44.120
  • They were rich, they were poor,
  • 00:35:44.120 --> 00:35:46.120
  • some were old, some were young,
  • 00:35:46.120 --> 00:35:48.140
  • they were all sorts of denominations.
  • 00:35:48.140 --> 00:35:50.030
  • - Lawyers, doctors, teachers, farmers, across the board.
  • 00:35:50.030 --> 00:35:53.160
  • - So what happens is on the Fourth of July
  • 00:35:53.160 --> 00:35:55.010
  • is when Congress approved the Declaration of Independence.
  • 00:35:55.010 --> 00:35:58.210
  • But the copy we see with all their signatures on it,
  • 00:35:58.210 --> 00:36:01.250
  • that wasn't done until August 2nd.
  • 00:36:01.250 --> 00:36:03.120
  • Because they said, "Let's do a big one.
  • 00:36:03.120 --> 00:36:06.030
  • "We can all sign."
  • 00:36:06.030 --> 00:36:07.110
  • Because the one on the Fourth of July
  • 00:36:07.110 --> 00:36:08.120
  • only has two names on it.
  • 00:36:08.120 --> 00:36:09.160
  • And that's the President of Congress
  • 00:36:09.160 --> 00:36:10.180
  • and Secretary of Congress,
  • 00:36:10.180 --> 00:36:11.280
  • but then they do this big one.
  • 00:36:11.280 --> 00:36:13.090
  • And on the day they did that, August 2,
  • 00:36:13.090 --> 00:36:15.260
  • this piece is released.
  • 00:36:15.260 --> 00:36:17.210
  • And this is a piece that is done by Sam Adams,
  • 00:36:17.210 --> 00:36:20.230
  • a tribute to Sam Adams, just read you hear it says,
  • 00:36:20.230 --> 00:36:23.140
  • "An Oration delivered at the State House in Philadelphia."
  • 00:36:23.140 --> 00:36:26.220
  • Which is where they did the Declaration.
  • 00:36:26.220 --> 00:36:28.160
  • "A very numerous audience on Thursday
  • 00:36:28.160 --> 00:36:30.190
  • "the 1st of August, 1776, by Samuel Adams,
  • 00:36:30.190 --> 00:36:33.180
  • "member of the General Congress."
  • 00:36:33.180 --> 00:36:35.060
  • This is the day before the big Declaration
  • 00:36:35.060 --> 00:36:37.220
  • is generally signed.
  • 00:36:37.220 --> 00:36:39.090
  • I want to read to you what Sam says here.
  • 00:36:39.090 --> 00:36:41.210
  • What are they saying about this day
  • 00:36:41.210 --> 00:36:43.000
  • and about the specialness of the day?
  • 00:36:43.000 --> 00:36:44.240
  • He said, "We have this day,"
  • 00:36:44.240 --> 00:36:47.070
  • and think of the significance of that day.
  • 00:36:47.070 --> 00:36:49.080
  • "We have this day restored
  • 00:36:49.080 --> 00:36:50.240
  • "the sovereign to home alone men ought to be obedient.
  • 00:36:50.240 --> 00:36:54.030
  • "He reigns in Heaven and with a propitious eye
  • 00:36:54.030 --> 00:36:57.090
  • "behold his subjects affirming that freedom of thought
  • 00:36:57.090 --> 00:37:00.110
  • "and dignity of self direction,
  • 00:37:00.110 --> 00:37:01.250
  • "which he bestowed on them.
  • 00:37:01.250 --> 00:37:03.140
  • "From the rising to the setting of the sun
  • 00:37:03.140 --> 00:37:06.080
  • "may his kingdom come."
  • 00:37:06.080 --> 00:37:09.070
  • Pretty powerful statement for what they did on that day
  • 00:37:09.070 --> 00:37:12.000
  • and what they were doing at that period of time.
  • 00:37:12.000 --> 00:37:14.040
  • I mean that's a really-
  • 00:37:14.040 --> 00:37:15.090
  • - Especially recognizing that at that time
  • 00:37:15.090 --> 00:37:17.030
  • the king was generally recognized as being the sovereign.
  • 00:37:17.030 --> 00:37:20.010
  • Appointed by God, representing God
  • 00:37:20.010 --> 00:37:21.210
  • and he says, "No, no, we've put
  • 00:37:21.210 --> 00:37:22.270
  • "the actual sovereign back in place.
  • 00:37:22.270 --> 00:37:25.090
  • "That's who we are actually submitting to."
  • 00:37:25.090 --> 00:37:27.040
  • - [David] Well the other founding fathers
  • 00:37:27.040 --> 00:37:28.190
  • said that Sam Adams was the most openly Christian
  • 00:37:28.190 --> 00:37:31.200
  • of all the founding fathers.
  • 00:37:31.200 --> 00:37:32.280
  • I mean he wore it on his sleeve, literally.
  • 00:37:32.280 --> 00:37:35.020
  • He was what today we would call an evangelical
  • 00:37:35.020 --> 00:37:38.040
  • and people know that he was the beer guy
  • 00:37:38.040 --> 00:37:40.010
  • but they don't know about his faith.
  • 00:37:40.010 --> 00:37:41.170
  • - Although it's very evident when you see their writings.
  • 00:37:41.170 --> 00:37:43.160
  • - Yeah, another guy that's really key
  • 00:37:43.160 --> 00:37:45.070
  • among the founding fathers is this one.
  • 00:37:45.070 --> 00:37:47.170
  • This is Charles Carroll of Carrollton.
  • 00:37:47.170 --> 00:37:50.000
  • Now interesting he signs the Declaration
  • 00:37:50.000 --> 00:37:52.150
  • Charles Carroll of Carrollton
  • 00:37:52.150 --> 00:37:54.000
  • and that's because there were nine Charles Carrolls
  • 00:37:54.000 --> 00:37:56.180
  • living at the time and his area.
  • 00:37:56.180 --> 00:37:58.090
  • So he's the one from Carrollton.
  • 00:37:58.090 --> 00:38:00.090
  • And that's the town and area, that's his place.
  • 00:38:00.090 --> 00:38:03.140
  • And this is one of the documents from him.
  • 00:38:03.140 --> 00:38:05.250
  • This actually says Mr. Charles Carroll of Carrollton
  • 00:38:05.250 --> 00:38:10.130
  • to the trustees of the Catholic Cathedral Church.
  • 00:38:10.130 --> 00:38:13.090
  • He's the only Catholic signer
  • 00:38:13.090 --> 00:38:15.000
  • of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 00:38:15.000 --> 00:38:16.280
  • Not this actually is, he's renting his pew.
  • 00:38:16.280 --> 00:38:20.030
  • One of the ways you help fund the church back then
  • 00:38:20.030 --> 00:38:21.240
  • was not only tithes, today we have customs.
  • 00:38:21.240 --> 00:38:25.120
  • If you go to church much
  • 00:38:25.120 --> 00:38:26.170
  • you know where people generally sit.
  • 00:38:26.170 --> 00:38:28.110
  • Well back then you actually kind of bought
  • 00:38:28.110 --> 00:38:29.250
  • the seat where you sat.
  • 00:38:29.250 --> 00:38:31.030
  • - So literally that is my seat get out.
  • 00:38:31.030 --> 00:38:32.220
  • - That is my seat, I paid for that seat, leave.
  • 00:38:32.220 --> 00:38:35.170
  • So that's one of the ways they funded.
  • 00:38:35.170 --> 00:38:37.130
  • This is for three months pew rental
  • 00:38:37.130 --> 00:38:39.260
  • for a particular pew,
  • 00:38:39.260 --> 00:38:41.110
  • but back then often again hear the narrative today
  • 00:38:41.110 --> 00:38:44.200
  • that oh there was so much bigotry back then,
  • 00:38:44.200 --> 00:38:46.160
  • and they were anti-Catholic.
  • 00:38:46.160 --> 00:38:48.000
  • The anti-Catholic sentiment was really because
  • 00:38:48.000 --> 00:38:50.170
  • these guys will be against what we're trying to do
  • 00:38:50.170 --> 00:38:53.040
  • by giving people the freedom to choose their leaders.
  • 00:38:53.040 --> 00:38:55.210
  • Well he certainly wasn't.
  • 00:38:55.210 --> 00:38:57.060
  • He's a guy who signed the Declaration of Independence,
  • 00:38:57.060 --> 00:38:59.120
  • who stood up against the king
  • 00:38:59.120 --> 00:39:00.260
  • and so he kind of broke the barriers and said,
  • 00:39:00.260 --> 00:39:02.270
  • "Oh look, there is a Catholic
  • 00:39:02.270 --> 00:39:04.170
  • "that is a pro Republican Catholic",
  • 00:39:04.170 --> 00:39:06.220
  • they want elected government
  • 00:39:06.220 --> 00:39:08.060
  • and so by the time we get to the Constitution
  • 00:39:08.060 --> 00:39:10.070
  • we have more Catholics actually signing the Constitution.
  • 00:39:10.070 --> 00:39:13.000
  • So he kind of breaks through some things
  • 00:39:13.000 --> 00:39:15.070
  • and he lives to be really old.
  • 00:39:15.070 --> 00:39:18.180
  • He died at the age of 95.
  • 00:39:18.180 --> 00:39:21.220
  • Now age of 95 is not that impressive today,
  • 00:39:21.220 --> 00:39:25.050
  • but you need to know that the average lifespan
  • 00:39:25.050 --> 00:39:27.230
  • back when they signed the Declaration was 33 years old.
  • 00:39:27.230 --> 00:39:32.050
  • So he lives to be 95 and it's interesting
  • 00:39:32.050 --> 00:39:35.100
  • that he kind outlives his kids and grandkids.
  • 00:39:35.100 --> 00:39:37.220
  • Late in life they're kind of talking to him and said,
  • 00:39:37.220 --> 00:39:40.190
  • "Charles you're going to die some day,
  • 00:39:40.190 --> 00:39:42.130
  • "and when you do die are you ready to meet God?"
  • 00:39:42.130 --> 00:39:45.060
  • - Which is a good question.
  • 00:39:45.060 --> 00:39:46.230
  • - This is his answer.
  • 00:39:46.230 --> 00:39:48.170
  • This is a letter, Charles Carroll 1825,
  • 00:39:48.170 --> 00:39:51.270
  • which makes him 89 years old at the time.
  • 00:39:51.270 --> 00:39:54.100
  • Am I ready to meet God?
  • 00:39:54.100 --> 00:39:55.230
  • And he says, of course I am.
  • 00:39:55.230 --> 00:39:57.090
  • He says, "On the mercy of my redeemer
  • 00:39:57.090 --> 00:39:59.200
  • "I rely for salvation and on his merits
  • 00:39:59.200 --> 00:40:03.030
  • "Not any works I've done
  • 00:40:03.030 --> 00:40:04.270
  • in obedience to his precepts."
  • 00:40:04.270 --> 00:40:06.200
  • That's Ephesians 2:8-9, by grace or you saved through faith.
  • 00:40:06.200 --> 00:40:09.220
  • And it's interesting he was the wealthiest guy in America,
  • 00:40:09.220 --> 00:40:14.070
  • hands down, wealthier than John Hancock.
  • 00:40:14.070 --> 00:40:17.170
  • Interesting to see what he did with his wealth.
  • 00:40:17.170 --> 00:40:19.120
  • He lived in a rural part of Maryland
  • 00:40:19.120 --> 00:40:21.120
  • where they didn't have a lot of people
  • 00:40:21.120 --> 00:40:23.100
  • so you didn't have enough tithes
  • 00:40:23.100 --> 00:40:25.050
  • to be able to have preachers all the time at the churches.
  • 00:40:25.050 --> 00:40:28.070
  • So he took his wealth and he endowed a church there
  • 00:40:28.070 --> 00:40:32.020
  • permanently endowed the church
  • 00:40:32.020 --> 00:40:33.150
  • and permanent endowed a preacher
  • 00:40:33.150 --> 00:40:35.010
  • so that you would have a preacher
  • 00:40:35.010 --> 00:40:36.190
  • to preach the Gospel even when there's not enough
  • 00:40:36.190 --> 00:40:38.270
  • people to be able to afford to get a preacher in.
  • 00:40:38.270 --> 00:40:41.010
  • So he put his money in the Gospel stuff as well.
  • 00:40:41.010 --> 00:40:44.020
  • Again, great guy, great founding father.
  • 00:40:44.020 --> 00:40:46.080
  • - And certainly another one of those guys
  • 00:40:46.080 --> 00:40:47.180
  • who kind of breaks that religious narrative.
  • 00:40:47.180 --> 00:40:49.090
  • That the founding fathers weren't people of faith.
  • 00:40:49.090 --> 00:40:51.030
  • And one of the guys who certainly was a man of faith,
  • 00:40:51.030 --> 00:40:53.210
  • at the time of the founding fathers,
  • 00:40:53.210 --> 00:40:55.080
  • he was probably one of the most
  • 00:40:55.080 --> 00:40:57.200
  • significant founding fathers.
  • 00:40:57.200 --> 00:40:58.270
  • At least according to John Adams.
  • 00:40:58.270 --> 00:41:00.210
  • John Adams said that this founding father
  • 00:41:00.210 --> 00:41:03.000
  • was one of the three most notable.
  • 00:41:03.000 --> 00:41:04.240
  • He said the three most notable were
  • 00:41:04.240 --> 00:41:06.030
  • George Washington, Benjamin Franklin
  • 00:41:06.030 --> 00:41:08.110
  • and this guy right here, Dr. Benjamin Rush.
  • 00:41:08.110 --> 00:41:11.180
  • Now today, Dr. Benjamin Rush is not a name
  • 00:41:11.180 --> 00:41:13.270
  • that probably any American can tell you very much about.
  • 00:41:13.270 --> 00:41:17.060
  • Unless they have specifically studied
  • 00:41:17.060 --> 00:41:18.280
  • the signers of the Declaration and then they know his name.
  • 00:41:18.280 --> 00:41:21.090
  • But he actually served on three different
  • 00:41:21.090 --> 00:41:23.060
  • presidential administrations.
  • 00:41:23.060 --> 00:41:24.190
  • He was director of the US man.
  • 00:41:24.190 --> 00:41:25.270
  • He started five universities,
  • 00:41:25.270 --> 00:41:27.140
  • three of them still go today.
  • 00:41:27.140 --> 00:41:29.070
  • He actually was known as the father of public schools
  • 00:41:29.070 --> 00:41:32.230
  • under the Constitution.
  • 00:41:32.230 --> 00:41:34.000
  • He was the father of American medicine.
  • 00:41:34.000 --> 00:41:36.000
  • He came up with medical cures over 200 years ago
  • 00:41:36.000 --> 00:41:39.120
  • that are still in use today.
  • 00:41:39.120 --> 00:41:40.230
  • He was a very significant founding father.
  • 00:41:40.230 --> 00:41:42.290
  • But today we just know so little about him.
  • 00:41:42.290 --> 00:41:45.070
  • - He is a strong Christian founding father.
  • 00:41:45.070 --> 00:41:47.150
  • In every sense of the word he would be evangelical.
  • 00:41:47.150 --> 00:41:50.030
  • Benjamin Rush was from Pennsylvania.
  • 00:41:50.030 --> 00:41:51.120
  • Now Pennsylvania is largely a quaker state.
  • 00:41:51.120 --> 00:41:53.180
  • And so in 1774, they pass a law
  • 00:41:53.180 --> 00:41:56.040
  • that says we're anti-slavery.
  • 00:41:56.040 --> 00:41:58.240
  • Well the king vetoed that law as well.
  • 00:41:58.240 --> 00:42:01.120
  • And so when the king vetoed that law
  • 00:42:01.120 --> 00:42:03.010
  • he said, "Look guys you're part of the British empire,
  • 00:42:03.010 --> 00:42:05.240
  • "you can't end slavery."
  • 00:42:05.240 --> 00:42:07.230
  • That's when Benjamin Rush and Benjamin Franklin said
  • 00:42:07.230 --> 00:42:12.180
  • lets not be part of the British empire anymore.
  • 00:42:12.180 --> 00:42:14.170
  • We want to end slavery.
  • 00:42:14.170 --> 00:42:16.050
  • This actually is really an act of civil disobedience.
  • 00:42:16.050 --> 00:42:19.280
  • This is the Constitution for the first abolition society
  • 00:42:19.280 --> 00:42:23.010
  • ever found in America, goes back to 1774.
  • 00:42:23.010 --> 00:42:26.270
  • We're still a British colony,
  • 00:42:26.270 --> 00:42:29.000
  • but these guys were saying we're not doing this.
  • 00:42:29.000 --> 00:42:31.150
  • Now Benjamin Rush not only helps found this society
  • 00:42:31.150 --> 00:42:34.090
  • with Benjamin Franklin,
  • 00:42:34.090 --> 00:42:35.070
  • he goes on to be the leader of
  • 00:42:35.070 --> 00:42:37.000
  • the national abolition movement.
  • 00:42:37.000 --> 00:42:39.010
  • They started abolition societies all over the United States,
  • 00:42:39.010 --> 00:42:42.060
  • states everywhere, they want slavery ended.
  • 00:42:42.060 --> 00:42:44.140
  • So Benjamin Rush is a huge anti-slavery guy.
  • 00:42:44.140 --> 00:42:47.170
  • He's also a guy how like many founding fathers back then
  • 00:42:47.170 --> 00:42:50.270
  • would read through the bible once every year.
  • 00:42:50.270 --> 00:42:52.220
  • Go through it from cover to cover.
  • 00:42:52.220 --> 00:42:54.110
  • And this happens to be his notes that he kept
  • 00:42:54.110 --> 00:42:57.150
  • as he would read through the bible,
  • 00:42:57.150 --> 00:42:58.280
  • the Lord would show him things out of the scriptures.
  • 00:42:58.280 --> 00:43:00.250
  • He would make these notes and write down verses.
  • 00:43:00.250 --> 00:43:03.160
  • It's on various topics, so he's got verses
  • 00:43:03.160 --> 00:43:05.210
  • that deal with animals.
  • 00:43:05.210 --> 00:43:07.000
  • He's got verses that deal with salvation
  • 00:43:07.000 --> 00:43:08.130
  • and the efficacy of prayer and forgiveness.
  • 00:43:08.130 --> 00:43:11.200
  • So he's just in the word all the time.
  • 00:43:11.200 --> 00:43:14.180
  • And because he's in the word all the time
  • 00:43:14.180 --> 00:43:17.030
  • he wants everybody else to have the word.
  • 00:43:17.030 --> 00:43:19.200
  • So he's a founder of the Sunday school movement.
  • 00:43:19.200 --> 00:43:22.080
  • This is a newspaper form 1791
  • 00:43:22.080 --> 00:43:25.150
  • and it talks about the new Sunday school movement
  • 00:43:25.150 --> 00:43:27.250
  • and Benjamin Rush is one of the guys
  • 00:43:27.250 --> 00:43:29.150
  • running Sunday school movement.
  • 00:43:29.150 --> 00:43:31.120
  • But he still wants that word of God out there for everybody.
  • 00:43:31.120 --> 00:43:34.250
  • So another way to do it
  • 00:43:34.250 --> 00:43:36.110
  • is like John Witherspoon wanted the bible
  • 00:43:36.110 --> 00:43:38.290
  • that has everybody New Jersey.
  • 00:43:38.290 --> 00:43:41.030
  • Benjamin Rush said, "Let's just create a society
  • 00:43:41.030 --> 00:43:43.290
  • "that can give bibles to everybody."
  • 00:43:43.290 --> 00:43:46.060
  • And that's the Constitution for the very first bible society
  • 00:43:46.060 --> 00:43:49.170
  • ever started in America
  • 00:43:49.170 --> 00:43:51.070
  • and it's Benjamin Rush who has written
  • 00:43:51.070 --> 00:43:53.100
  • the address there for all the people.
  • 00:43:53.100 --> 00:43:55.270
  • And then in looking for a way to make sure
  • 00:43:55.270 --> 00:43:58.050
  • that they could get bibles
  • 00:43:58.050 --> 00:43:59.160
  • he came up with a new way to print bibles,
  • 00:43:59.160 --> 00:44:01.260
  • called stereotype printing, kind of mass production.
  • 00:44:01.260 --> 00:44:04.190
  • That's the first mass produced bible
  • 00:44:04.190 --> 00:44:06.160
  • done in the Unites States.
  • 00:44:06.160 --> 00:44:07.280
  • That's done again with Benjamin Rush's bible society,
  • 00:44:07.280 --> 00:44:10.260
  • so really cool stuff he did
  • 00:44:10.260 --> 00:44:12.220
  • in trying to propagate faith throughout the Unites States.
  • 00:44:12.220 --> 00:44:15.220
  • - Well one of the essays he wrote is this essay right here.
  • 00:44:15.220 --> 00:44:18.080
  • It's called A Defense of the Use of the Bible in Schools.
  • 00:44:18.080 --> 00:44:21.230
  • You can guess from the title
  • 00:44:21.230 --> 00:44:22.250
  • exactly what he's talking about.
  • 00:44:22.250 --> 00:44:24.150
  • It was why we need the bible in schools.
  • 00:44:24.150 --> 00:44:26.200
  • Actually in this essay he gave a dozen or so reasons
  • 00:44:26.200 --> 00:44:29.150
  • why the bible was a necessity for the next generation.
  • 00:44:29.150 --> 00:44:32.130
  • In fact, he warned that if we removed the bible
  • 00:44:32.130 --> 00:44:34.270
  • we would spend time and money punishing crimes
  • 00:44:34.270 --> 00:44:37.200
  • that we could have prevented had we instructed
  • 00:44:37.200 --> 00:44:39.090
  • young people in morals.
  • 00:44:39.090 --> 00:44:40.240
  • In fact he goes on to write several essays
  • 00:44:40.240 --> 00:44:43.060
  • and a lot of them deal with education.
  • 00:44:43.060 --> 00:44:44.140
  • This is a book of his essays.
  • 00:44:44.140 --> 00:44:46.150
  • So in this he talks a lot about the bible
  • 00:44:46.150 --> 00:44:48.140
  • and in various other topics
  • 00:44:48.140 --> 00:44:49.220
  • but when he talks about the bible
  • 00:44:49.220 --> 00:44:51.090
  • one of the things he says is that
  • 00:44:51.090 --> 00:44:53.000
  • in America he says the only useful education
  • 00:44:53.000 --> 00:44:56.020
  • has to be laid in religion, specifically the bible.
  • 00:44:56.020 --> 00:44:59.060
  • Because without religion there can be no virtue.
  • 00:44:59.060 --> 00:45:01.240
  • Without virtue there can be no liberty.
  • 00:45:01.240 --> 00:45:04.030
  • And liberty is the object of our government.
  • 00:45:04.030 --> 00:45:06.220
  • The point he makes that we want to be free as Americans
  • 00:45:06.220 --> 00:45:09.290
  • but freedom only works if we have virtue or morality.
  • 00:45:09.290 --> 00:45:12.280
  • But you only have virtue or morality
  • 00:45:12.280 --> 00:45:14.200
  • if you go back to the bible.
  • 00:45:14.200 --> 00:45:16.120
  • And so he says without the bible
  • 00:45:16.120 --> 00:45:19.090
  • America will never be a free nation.
  • 00:45:19.090 --> 00:45:21.070
  • But if we would teach the bible
  • 00:45:21.070 --> 00:45:22.290
  • we can always enjoy freedom.
  • 00:45:22.290 --> 00:45:24.270
  • And this is one of the things that's fun looking back
  • 00:45:24.270 --> 00:45:26.240
  • on these guys.
  • 00:45:26.240 --> 00:45:28.020
  • When you start to see their stories
  • 00:45:28.020 --> 00:45:29.090
  • and get beyond just the generalization of
  • 00:45:29.090 --> 00:45:31.100
  • well those old guys or whatever the generalizations are.
  • 00:45:31.100 --> 00:45:34.180
  • When you actually start studying their stories
  • 00:45:34.180 --> 00:45:36.170
  • you see not only these real people
  • 00:45:36.170 --> 00:45:38.280
  • who actually dealt with real things in their life.
  • 00:45:38.280 --> 00:45:41.130
  • The vast majority of them were so pro God,
  • 00:45:41.130 --> 00:45:44.040
  • so pro faith, knew we need the bible in America,
  • 00:45:44.040 --> 00:45:46.230
  • and knew that ultimately the bible
  • 00:45:46.230 --> 00:45:48.260
  • is the basis of freedom.
  • 00:45:48.260 --> 00:45:50.180
  • (drum music)
  • 00:45:50.180 --> 00:45:53.000
  • - Do you know anything about their faith?
  • 00:45:58.290 --> 00:46:00.250
  • - No.
  • 00:46:02.110 --> 00:46:03.100
  • - No?
  • 00:46:03.100 --> 00:46:04.160
  • - Do you know anything about their faith?
  • 00:46:04.160 --> 00:46:06.270
  • - Oh.
  • 00:46:08.020 --> 00:46:09.200
  • - Like did they believe in God?
  • 00:46:09.200 --> 00:46:11.120
  • Because we hear a lot today that they were
  • 00:46:11.120 --> 00:46:12.100
  • atheist, agnostics, and deists.
  • 00:46:12.100 --> 00:46:14.240
  • Do you know anything about their faith?
  • 00:46:14.240 --> 00:46:17.250
  • - No I don't, but I would guess
  • 00:46:17.250 --> 00:46:20.200
  • Presbyterian or Episcopalian.
  • 00:46:20.200 --> 00:46:22.130
  • It's what I would guess.
  • 00:46:22.130 --> 00:46:23.210
  • - There were a lot of them that were.
  • 00:46:23.210 --> 00:46:24.110
  • - Okay.
  • 00:46:24.110 --> 00:46:25.250
  • - So actually we can say even the majority of them were.
  • 00:46:25.250 --> 00:46:27.250
  • What do you know about their faith?
  • 00:46:27.250 --> 00:46:29.180
  • - Well the Quakers are pretty big involved right?
  • 00:46:29.180 --> 00:46:32.020
  • - There were some Quakers.
  • 00:46:32.020 --> 00:46:33.070
  • So Steven Hopkinson was a Quaker.
  • 00:46:33.070 --> 00:46:34.260
  • He as a governor actually.
  • 00:46:34.260 --> 00:46:36.030
  • - And the Puritans obviously right?
  • 00:46:36.030 --> 00:46:37.110
  • - The Puritans were, yup their ancestors.
  • 00:46:37.110 --> 00:46:38.190
  • - And the Catholics were in Maryland.
  • 00:46:38.190 --> 00:46:40.140
  • - So do you think some of the founding fathers
  • 00:46:41.240 --> 00:46:43.120
  • were people of faith?
  • 00:46:43.120 --> 00:46:44.100
  • Would you make that deduction?
  • 00:46:44.100 --> 00:46:46.110
  • - One nation under God, so yeah right.
  • 00:46:49.050 --> 00:46:51.030
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:46:51.030 --> 00:46:53.250
  • (audience applause)
  • 00:46:56.000 --> 00:46:59.000
  • - Okay we're talking about
  • 00:47:00.180 --> 00:47:02.020
  • the Declaration of Independence,
  • 00:47:02.020 --> 00:47:03.060
  • specifically the Fourth of July.
  • 00:47:03.060 --> 00:47:04.200
  • The signing of the Declaration,
  • 00:47:04.200 --> 00:47:06.020
  • things associated that we celebrate.
  • 00:47:06.020 --> 00:47:08.120
  • And as we look at independence,
  • 00:47:08.120 --> 00:47:09.280
  • a lot of people don't know a lot of the founding fathers.
  • 00:47:09.280 --> 00:47:12.250
  • In fact, when I had the chance
  • 00:47:12.250 --> 00:47:14.110
  • to speak in schools or colleges
  • 00:47:14.110 --> 00:47:16.040
  • I'll show a picture of the signers of the Declaration
  • 00:47:16.040 --> 00:47:19.060
  • and we'll say okay who can you name.
  • 00:47:19.060 --> 00:47:21.020
  • And generally there's two names that stand out
  • 00:47:21.020 --> 00:47:23.020
  • above all the others.
  • 00:47:23.020 --> 00:47:24.170
  • And that's Benjamin Franklin and it's Thomas Jefferson.
  • 00:47:24.170 --> 00:47:27.010
  • And generally we recognized them because there known as
  • 00:47:27.010 --> 00:47:29.040
  • kind of the least religious founding fathers.
  • 00:47:29.040 --> 00:47:31.030
  • It's the way they're painted.
  • 00:47:31.030 --> 00:47:32.180
  • But even for being the least religious founding fathers
  • 00:47:32.180 --> 00:47:35.050
  • they really weren't anti-religious.
  • 00:47:35.050 --> 00:47:36.210
  • - No, you take Jefferson for example.
  • 00:47:36.210 --> 00:47:38.240
  • Jefferson undeniably, I don't dispute
  • 00:47:38.240 --> 00:47:40.220
  • he's one of the least religious founding fathers
  • 00:47:40.220 --> 00:47:42.120
  • but least is a comparative term.
  • 00:47:42.120 --> 00:47:44.170
  • Least as compared to what?
  • 00:47:44.170 --> 00:47:46.060
  • I mean if you have a room of preachers together
  • 00:47:46.060 --> 00:47:48.000
  • one of them is the least religious
  • 00:47:48.000 --> 00:47:49.070
  • That doesn't mean he's anti-religious.
  • 00:47:49.070 --> 00:47:51.040
  • And so Jefferson, if you take Jefferson
  • 00:47:51.040 --> 00:47:53.170
  • and say okay let's just look at public actions that he did.
  • 00:47:53.170 --> 00:47:57.030
  • For example, while he's in office in federal office
  • 00:47:57.030 --> 00:48:01.270
  • under George Washington is a great example.
  • 00:48:01.270 --> 00:48:03.230
  • When he's under George Washington
  • 00:48:03.230 --> 00:48:05.050
  • and they're building the capital, Jefferson is secretary,
  • 00:48:05.050 --> 00:48:08.010
  • the state starts church services
  • 00:48:08.010 --> 00:48:10.060
  • at the building of the capital.
  • 00:48:10.060 --> 00:48:11.210
  • So that on Sunday you're actually
  • 00:48:11.210 --> 00:48:14.030
  • government folks are going to church
  • 00:48:14.030 --> 00:48:15.230
  • where they're building the capital.
  • 00:48:15.230 --> 00:48:17.060
  • Well he then gets elected to be vice president
  • 00:48:17.060 --> 00:48:19.260
  • under John Adams and when he becomes President
  • 00:48:19.260 --> 00:48:22.040
  • he does an interesting practice.
  • 00:48:22.040 --> 00:48:23.270
  • He goes to church for eight years
  • 00:48:23.270 --> 00:48:25.280
  • to the church at the capital
  • 00:48:25.280 --> 00:48:27.210
  • that he helped start when he was vice president.
  • 00:48:27.210 --> 00:48:30.120
  • So as vice president they take every Sunday
  • 00:48:30.120 --> 00:48:33.090
  • and they take the hall of the House of Representatives
  • 00:48:33.090 --> 00:48:35.220
  • in Congress and turn it into a church building.
  • 00:48:35.220 --> 00:48:38.070
  • And that's where Jefferson went to church for eight years.
  • 00:48:38.070 --> 00:48:41.140
  • And so Jefferson helps start church there.
  • 00:48:41.140 --> 00:48:43.220
  • Well when he becomes President,
  • 00:48:43.220 --> 00:48:45.060
  • he also starts Sunday church services at the war department,
  • 00:48:45.060 --> 00:48:48.240
  • at the Navy yard, at the treasury.
  • 00:48:48.240 --> 00:48:50.290
  • Now image this, you want to go to church in Washington D.C.,
  • 00:48:50.290 --> 00:48:53.210
  • do I want to go to the Capital,
  • 00:48:53.210 --> 00:48:55.000
  • do I want to go to the war department.
  • 00:48:55.000 --> 00:48:57.160
  • Jefferson's the one who starts
  • 00:48:57.160 --> 00:48:58.280
  • churches in government buildings.
  • 00:48:58.280 --> 00:49:00.080
  • - Isn't he the guy who wrote a letter
  • 00:49:00.080 --> 00:49:01.180
  • about the separation of church and state?
  • 00:49:01.180 --> 00:49:03.250
  • - Yeah but nobody reads that letter anymore.
  • 00:49:03.250 --> 00:49:05.190
  • - I think we've misunderstood what he meant.
  • 00:49:05.190 --> 00:49:08.080
  • - If we read the letter we would see that
  • 00:49:08.080 --> 00:49:10.050
  • separation church and state means
  • 00:49:10.050 --> 00:49:11.250
  • the government can't stop a religious activity.
  • 00:49:11.250 --> 00:49:14.170
  • - Or it can't compel you to a certain denomination, right.
  • 00:49:14.170 --> 00:49:17.140
  • It can't compel you and say you have to be Catholic,
  • 00:49:17.140 --> 00:49:19.140
  • you have to Anglican, you have to be Baptist or Episcopal.
  • 00:49:19.140 --> 00:49:22.020
  • But it also can't stop you from your religious activity.
  • 00:49:22.020 --> 00:49:24.050
  • - Can't stop you.
  • 00:49:24.050 --> 00:49:25.120
  • - Is how the First Amendment reads.
  • 00:49:25.120 --> 00:49:26.190
  • When you look at the Declaration,
  • 00:49:26.190 --> 00:49:28.020
  • okay the Declaration was written by a 33 year old man.
  • 00:49:28.020 --> 00:49:31.190
  • So if you're younger that might not seem impressive.
  • 00:49:33.030 --> 00:49:34.130
  • If you're older like that's more impressive.
  • 00:49:34.130 --> 00:49:36.150
  • A 33 year old is where Jefferson is
  • 00:49:36.150 --> 00:49:38.240
  • when he goes into Congress.
  • 00:49:38.240 --> 00:49:40.090
  • He's the one in the committee of five
  • 00:49:40.090 --> 00:49:41.220
  • largely responsible for drafting
  • 00:49:41.220 --> 00:49:43.090
  • the Declaration of Independence
  • 00:49:43.090 --> 00:49:44.250
  • and in it he put a lot of unique thoughts and ideas
  • 00:49:44.250 --> 00:49:47.190
  • that were not common practice of the time.
  • 00:49:47.190 --> 00:49:50.030
  • Where he says that all men are created equal.
  • 00:49:50.030 --> 00:49:53.120
  • Well under the king, under a monarch,
  • 00:49:53.120 --> 00:49:55.240
  • that's not a common belief.
  • 00:49:55.240 --> 00:49:57.060
  • But he said these are self evident truths.
  • 00:49:57.060 --> 00:49:59.010
  • Well there only self evident truths
  • 00:49:59.010 --> 00:50:01.020
  • if you know what the bible teaches.
  • 00:50:01.020 --> 00:50:02.260
  • Right that we are all God's kids,
  • 00:50:02.260 --> 00:50:04.150
  • and therefore we've all been created equal
  • 00:50:04.150 --> 00:50:06.240
  • in God's sight.
  • 00:50:06.240 --> 00:50:08.090
  • Even thought world and culture Jefferson lived in
  • 00:50:08.090 --> 00:50:11.060
  • largely didn't recognize that it.
  • 00:50:11.060 --> 00:50:12.250
  • I mean Jefferson is just not the guy
  • 00:50:12.250 --> 00:50:14.120
  • we often hear and think about.
  • 00:50:14.120 --> 00:50:16.040
  • - And faith was a part of so many of these guys.
  • 00:50:16.040 --> 00:50:19.150
  • I find it interesting there is a set of books here
  • 00:50:19.150 --> 00:50:22.190
  • this is from 1825, and it's the writings of
  • 00:50:22.190 --> 00:50:25.270
  • Richard Henry Lee.
  • 00:50:25.270 --> 00:50:27.150
  • Now Richard Henry Lee is this guy right here.
  • 00:50:27.150 --> 00:50:31.010
  • That on the 7th of June, he's the guy who said,
  • 00:50:31.010 --> 00:50:34.160
  • "Let's separate from Great Britain.
  • 00:50:34.160 --> 00:50:36.070
  • "Let's not be British colonies anymore."
  • 00:50:36.070 --> 00:50:37.130
  • - He makes the official congressional motion
  • 00:50:37.130 --> 00:50:39.230
  • we're separating from Great Britain.
  • 00:50:39.230 --> 00:50:41.060
  • - And so, it's interesting because at that time
  • 00:50:41.060 --> 00:50:44.060
  • several things happened.
  • 00:50:44.060 --> 00:50:45.140
  • One is Congress calls for a time of prayer.
  • 00:50:45.140 --> 00:50:47.180
  • And by the way, Congress often called times of prayer.
  • 00:50:47.180 --> 00:50:50.260
  • These happen to be national calls to prayer
  • 00:50:50.260 --> 00:50:53.090
  • from the Continental Congress.
  • 00:50:53.090 --> 00:50:54.270
  • So the Congress is calling the people to prayer.
  • 00:50:54.270 --> 00:50:57.240
  • This is one, here is another
  • 00:50:57.240 --> 00:50:59.250
  • with Congress calling people.
  • 00:50:59.250 --> 00:51:01.180
  • Congress called the nation to prayer 15 different times
  • 00:51:01.180 --> 00:51:04.180
  • in the American Revolution.
  • 00:51:04.180 --> 00:51:05.250
  • We have all these guys together working
  • 00:51:05.250 --> 00:51:08.000
  • and their faith is very evident.
  • 00:51:08.000 --> 00:51:09.120
  • And then Richard Henry Lee says,
  • 00:51:09.120 --> 00:51:11.040
  • "Let's just go ahead and separate
  • 00:51:11.040 --> 00:51:12.140
  • "and be a separate nation."
  • 00:51:12.140 --> 00:51:13.250
  • And at that point Congress says,
  • 00:51:13.250 --> 00:51:15.100
  • okay, let us back away from this a little bit.
  • 00:51:15.100 --> 00:51:17.180
  • If we're going to write a Declaration
  • 00:51:17.180 --> 00:51:19.010
  • let's get together on what we're going to say to the world.
  • 00:51:19.010 --> 00:51:20.240
  • So they get that prepared.
  • 00:51:20.240 --> 00:51:22.120
  • And it's interesting that we voted to separate eventually
  • 00:51:22.120 --> 00:51:25.100
  • and the Declaration came out.
  • 00:51:25.100 --> 00:51:27.050
  • But years later, the letters of Richard Henry Lee
  • 00:51:27.050 --> 00:51:30.240
  • were collected by the grandson.
  • 00:51:30.240 --> 00:51:32.200
  • And the grandson has all the granddad's letters.
  • 00:51:32.200 --> 00:51:35.090
  • He brings it out in this two volume set.
  • 00:51:35.090 --> 00:51:36.270
  • This is from 1825, and in reading the letters
  • 00:51:36.270 --> 00:51:40.110
  • of Richard Henry Lee, he's reading letters from
  • 00:51:40.110 --> 00:51:42.280
  • Richard Henry Lee to Washington,
  • 00:51:42.280 --> 00:51:44.150
  • to Jefferson, to Benjamin Rush,
  • 00:51:44.150 --> 00:51:46.270
  • to John Adams, or Francis Hopkins.
  • 00:51:46.270 --> 00:51:48.210
  • And after he's gone through so many of the letters
  • 00:51:48.210 --> 00:51:51.200
  • of the founding fathers,
  • 00:51:51.200 --> 00:51:52.270
  • I want you to hear what the grandson concludes
  • 00:51:52.270 --> 00:51:55.280
  • in having gone through all these letters.
  • 00:51:55.280 --> 00:51:58.140
  • He says, "The wise and great men of those days."
  • 00:51:58.140 --> 00:52:01.050
  • All these founding fathers.
  • 00:52:01.050 --> 00:52:02.220
  • "The wise and great men of those days were not ashamed
  • 00:52:02.220 --> 00:52:05.180
  • "publicly to confess the name of our blessed
  • 00:52:05.180 --> 00:52:07.190
  • "Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
  • 00:52:07.190 --> 00:52:09.250
  • "In behalf of the people,
  • 00:52:09.250 --> 00:52:11.080
  • "as their representatives and rulers
  • 00:52:11.080 --> 00:52:13.080
  • "they acknowledged the sublime doctrine of his mediation."
  • 00:52:13.080 --> 00:52:16.220
  • Now wait a minute, when I read all the writings
  • 00:52:17.280 --> 00:52:20.100
  • of the founding fathers, man are these guys Jesus guys.
  • 00:52:20.100 --> 00:52:24.010
  • On behalf of the entire nation they talked about Jesus,
  • 00:52:25.120 --> 00:52:27.150
  • so on Fourth of July which where we are now.
  • 00:52:27.150 --> 00:52:29.270
  • We celebrate independence day.
  • 00:52:29.270 --> 00:52:31.110
  • We celebrate the principles in the Declaration.
  • 00:52:31.110 --> 00:52:33.260
  • And how do you do that.
  • 00:52:33.260 --> 00:52:35.050
  • How's the best way to celebrate
  • 00:52:35.050 --> 00:52:37.100
  • and really to take responsibility
  • 00:52:37.100 --> 00:52:40.100
  • for preserving those principles.
  • 00:52:40.100 --> 00:52:42.150
  • It's interesting.
  • 00:52:42.150 --> 00:52:43.290
  • That was the discussion that happened 200 years ago.
  • 00:52:43.290 --> 00:52:46.080
  • When they approved the Declaration of Independence,
  • 00:52:46.080 --> 00:52:49.040
  • John Adams wrote this wife Abigail two letters.
  • 00:52:49.040 --> 00:52:52.200
  • Here are letters from John Adams to Abigail.
  • 00:52:52.200 --> 00:52:56.000
  • And what happened on the day they did this,
  • 00:52:56.000 --> 00:52:59.040
  • he was thinking ahead.
  • 00:52:59.040 --> 00:53:00.170
  • How will future generations
  • 00:53:00.170 --> 00:53:02.020
  • see what we just did today?
  • 00:53:02.020 --> 00:53:04.080
  • And he starts predicting that
  • 00:53:04.080 --> 00:53:05.280
  • I think they're gonna want to celebrate what we did today.
  • 00:53:05.280 --> 00:53:08.240
  • Now here we are 200 and something years later
  • 00:53:08.240 --> 00:53:11.060
  • we celebrate what they did.
  • 00:53:11.060 --> 00:53:12.120
  • But back day on the day they did it
  • 00:53:12.120 --> 00:53:13.250
  • he's saying, I think future generations
  • 00:53:13.250 --> 00:53:16.240
  • will want to celebrate this.
  • 00:53:16.240 --> 00:53:18.060
  • And so listen to what he told his wife Abigail
  • 00:53:18.060 --> 00:53:21.140
  • about how to celebrate this independence day.
  • 00:53:21.140 --> 00:53:25.100
  • He says, "I'm apt to believe that this day
  • 00:53:25.100 --> 00:53:27.080
  • "will be celebrated by succeeding generations
  • 00:53:27.080 --> 00:53:29.180
  • "as the great anniversary Festival."
  • 00:53:29.180 --> 00:53:31.180
  • He was right, he was a prophet.
  • 00:53:31.180 --> 00:53:33.020
  • That's what we do now.
  • 00:53:33.020 --> 00:53:34.080
  • He said, "This day ought to be commemorated.
  • 00:53:34.080 --> 00:53:36.230
  • He said, "It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade,
  • 00:53:36.230 --> 00:53:40.060
  • "with shows, and games, and sports, and guns,
  • 00:53:40.060 --> 00:53:43.230
  • "and bells, and bonfires, and illuminations
  • 00:53:43.230 --> 00:53:46.220
  • "from one end of this continent to the other.
  • 00:53:46.220 --> 00:53:48.270
  • "From this time forward forever more."
  • 00:53:48.270 --> 00:53:51.020
  • Make a big deal out of this.
  • 00:53:51.020 --> 00:53:52.160
  • You know fireworks, everything.
  • 00:53:52.160 --> 00:53:54.250
  • Listen to this.
  • 00:53:54.250 --> 00:53:56.000
  • He said, "This day ought to be commemorated
  • 00:53:56.000 --> 00:53:58.280
  • "as the day of deliverance
  • 00:53:58.280 --> 00:54:00.140
  • "by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty."
  • 00:54:00.140 --> 00:54:04.260
  • the way you ought to celebrate the Fourth of July
  • 00:54:04.260 --> 00:54:07.070
  • is as a religious holiday.
  • 00:54:07.070 --> 00:54:09.050
  • A day of devotion to God Almighty.
  • 00:54:09.050 --> 00:54:11.030
  • - Well still we celebrate,
  • 00:54:11.030 --> 00:54:12.170
  • we have the barbecue, maybe we go to the lake,
  • 00:54:12.170 --> 00:54:14.270
  • we view fireworks, we celebrate
  • 00:54:14.270 --> 00:54:17.120
  • but ultimately not only do we celebrate freedom.
  • 00:54:17.120 --> 00:54:19.290
  • The way to appreciate and enjoy freedom
  • 00:54:19.290 --> 00:54:21.240
  • he says make sure we thank God
  • 00:54:21.240 --> 00:54:23.190
  • for the fact that we have freedom.
  • 00:54:23.190 --> 00:54:25.060
  • Right, living in arguably the freest nation on earth.
  • 00:54:25.060 --> 00:54:28.160
  • Certainly one of the freest nations
  • 00:54:28.160 --> 00:54:30.020
  • in the history of the world.
  • 00:54:30.020 --> 00:54:31.270
  • That ought to be something every Fourth of July.
  • 00:54:31.270 --> 00:54:33.160
  • No only shoot off fireworks,
  • 00:54:33.160 --> 00:54:35.010
  • we go Lord thank you that you've allowed me to be
  • 00:54:35.010 --> 00:54:37.230
  • in a place were I have freedom.
  • 00:54:37.230 --> 00:54:39.180
  • - Now that was 1776.
  • 00:54:39.180 --> 00:54:41.130
  • Here's a Fourth of July oration given in 1837.
  • 00:54:41.130 --> 00:54:45.190
  • So now we're 61 years later,
  • 00:54:45.190 --> 00:54:48.010
  • and this is given by John Quincy Adams,
  • 00:54:48.010 --> 00:54:50.080
  • the son of John Adams.
  • 00:54:50.080 --> 00:54:51.210
  • So now 61 years later,
  • 00:54:51.210 --> 00:54:53.210
  • how do we celebrate the Fourth of July?
  • 00:54:53.210 --> 00:54:56.030
  • What's the big deal about the Fourth of July?
  • 00:54:56.030 --> 00:54:58.220
  • This is what John Quincy Adams said,
  • 00:54:58.220 --> 00:55:00.180
  • "Is it not the in the chain of human events,
  • 00:55:00.180 --> 00:55:03.100
  • "the birthdate of the nation, Fourth of July,
  • 00:55:03.100 --> 00:55:05.290
  • "is indissolubly linked with the birthday of the Savior."
  • 00:55:05.290 --> 00:55:10.140
  • Fourth of July and Christmas go together?
  • 00:55:10.140 --> 00:55:12.120
  • He says, "It forms a leading event in the progress
  • 00:55:12.120 --> 00:55:15.000
  • "of the gospel dispensation.
  • 00:55:15.000 --> 00:55:16.290
  • "Is it not that the Declaration of Independence
  • 00:55:16.290 --> 00:55:19.170
  • "first organized the social compact
  • 00:55:19.170 --> 00:55:22.080
  • "on the foundation of the Redeemer's mission on earth?
  • 00:55:22.080 --> 00:55:25.160
  • "That it laid the corner stone of human government
  • 00:55:25.160 --> 00:55:27.230
  • "on the first precepts of Christianity."
  • 00:55:27.230 --> 00:55:30.290
  • He says the Fourth of July took what Jesus did on his birth
  • 00:55:30.290 --> 00:55:35.030
  • and we've now brought it to America.
  • 00:55:35.030 --> 00:55:37.100
  • So the principles that Jesus brought into the world
  • 00:55:37.100 --> 00:55:39.140
  • is what the Fourth of July brought to America.
  • 00:55:39.140 --> 00:55:41.160
  • They saw the Fourth of July as one of
  • 00:55:41.160 --> 00:55:44.030
  • our top two religious holidays in America.
  • 00:55:44.030 --> 00:55:47.150
  • That's a good thing to remember on the Fourth of July.
  • 00:55:47.150 --> 00:55:49.290
  • - Amidst everything we do on the Fourth of July,
  • 00:55:49.290 --> 00:55:52.150
  • one thing we ought to remember is
  • 00:55:52.150 --> 00:55:54.120
  • what the founding fathers pointed to.
  • 00:55:54.120 --> 00:55:56.260
  • John Adams says that we ought to be celebrating
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  • this as a day of deliverance.
  • 00:55:59.110 --> 00:56:00.280
  • Almost like when Moses lead the Israelites out.
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  • Right, what did we do?
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  • We're going to stop and thank God
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  • that we now get to enjoy something
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  • not everybody in history has enjoyed.
  • 00:56:07.240 --> 00:56:09.190
  • We're enjoying freedom
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  • and so on Fourth of July say God thank you for freedom.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • As we celebrate independence day
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  • just like John Adams at the end of his life
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  • he was able to raise a glass and offer a toast.
  • 00:56:24.150 --> 00:56:27.140
  • I would suggest that as we celebrate Independence Day
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  • that maybe it would be appropriate for us
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  • to raise a glass and toast independence forever.
  • 00:56:32.020 --> 00:56:35.190
  • (drum music)
  • 00:56:35.190 --> 00:56:38.010
  • - Today we've uncovered the individual
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  • and very personal stories of several signers
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  • of the Declaration of Independence.
  • 00:56:43.290 --> 00:56:46.010
  • We discovered they were honorable men
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  • who sacrificed their fortunes,
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  • their families, their homes,
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  • and even their lives
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  • to secure for everyone of use the freedoms we now enjoy
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  • and so often take for granted.
  • 00:56:55.210 --> 00:56:57.170
  • But what we've seen and heard only scratches the surface.
  • 00:56:57.170 --> 00:57:00.280
  • For more information about any of today's topics
  • 00:57:00.280 --> 00:57:03.230
  • or to get resources you can personally study for yourself
  • 00:57:03.230 --> 00:57:06.290
  • go to our website wallbuilders.com
  • 00:57:06.290 --> 00:57:09.100
  • or got to the app store and download the Wall Builders app.
  • 00:57:09.100 --> 00:57:12.010
  • You can also like us on Facebook
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  • or go to our YouTube channel and other social media.
  • 00:57:14.040 --> 00:57:17.000
  • And be sure to stay tuned to TBN
  • 00:57:17.000 --> 00:57:18.240
  • for more exciting chapters in America's Hidden History.
  • 00:57:18.240 --> 00:57:23.000
  • (dramatic music)
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