America's Hidden History | Douglas MacArthur | TBN

America's Hidden History | Douglas MacArthur

Watch America's Hidden History | Douglas MacArthur
September 12, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Douglas MacArthur

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  • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised,
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  • rewritten and even deleted entire chapters
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  • of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton
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  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is America's Hidden History.
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  • (suspenseful theme music)
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  • - We're in Norfork, Virginia talking about
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  • the life of Douglas MacArthur.
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  • Actually standing outside the Douglas MacArthur Memorial,
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  • the Douglas MacArthur Square.
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  • Over our shoulder there is a statue of Douglas MacArthur.
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  • One of only nine men to achieve the rank,
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  • was a Five Star General.
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  • There have actually been people that posthumously
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  • were awarded some, like George Washington.
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  • - Well yeah, George Washington in 1976 on the Bicentennial
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  • of the country, President Gerald Ford said,
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  • George Washington needs to forever be the top general
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  • in our whole district.
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  • So he gave him the rank of a Six Star General.
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  • So that's 1976, so nobody's every going to get the rank
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  • of George Washington.
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  • But he came close.
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  • - In World War II, he was put in charge
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  • of the Pacific theatre.
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  • I think people probably might recognize the notion
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  • when he was leaving the Philippines and he said
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  • that I will return.
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  • So there's a few details we know,
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  • but his story really is fascinating.
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  • And it actually starts out in the Wild West, so to speak.
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  • - It really does start out in the Wild West.
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  • He was born in 1880.
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  • His father was actually a Lieutenant General
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  • in the Civil War.
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  • And his father got the Medal of Honor
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  • for action at Mission Ridge.
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  • So his father is a distinguished officer.
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  • And so Douglas is born on a western post in 1880,
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  • and he grew up in the west.
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  • In his own writings, he said, I could ride a horse
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  • and shoot before I could speak and I could walk.
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  • So he really did grow up in the Old West,
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  • a bunch of western forts.
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  • And then growing up, he decided to go into the military,
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  • like his father.
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  • He went to West Point.
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  • He was at West Point about 1903.
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  • And in his time at West Point,
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  • he graduated with real honors.
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  • He's the third highest ranking cadet ever
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  • in West Point history.
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  • - [Tim] Top cadet from his class,
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  • but that's kinda just the beginning of his military story.
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  • - Yeah, he stays in the military,
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  • and as things develop,
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  • he gets involved in several actions.
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  • Probably the one that brought him to notoriety
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  • was something that happened in 1914.
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  • Mexico had had a revolution,
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  • and in that revolution, we had some American troops
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  • down there at one of the forts, at Veracruz.
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  • And part of the troops he sent into Veracruz
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  • included this young officer named Douglas MacArthur.
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  • And for that action, he was nominated
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  • for the Medal of Honor.
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  • Now he didn't receive it then,
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  • but that's a nomination for Medal of Honor,
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  • which is the highest military award given
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  • in the United States.
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  • So after that is all settled,
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  • we come to a terms of peace.
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  • The next that happens is World War I breaks out.
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  • So he's sent over to World War I to fight there.
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  • And while he's there, he gets in all of this trench warfare.
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  • For his bravery and his leadership and courage,
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  • he's awarded seven different silver stars in World War I,
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  • which is amazing.
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  • He was actually in the same battle with Sergeant York.
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  • And Sergeant York is the most decorated hero
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  • of World War I.
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  • He got the Medal of Honor.
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  • So Douglas MacArthur is right there in the same camp
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  • with all these medals.
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  • He's also made a General in World War I.
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  • So he's a Brigadier General.
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  • And by the way, in the Army, you have a Brigadier General,
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  • one star.
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  • You have the Major General, which is two star.
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  • You have the Lieutenant General, which is three star.
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  • You have a General, which is four star.
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  • And then you have a General of the Army,
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  • which is five star, which is where he ended up.
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  • So he gets his first star as General,
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  • and he comes back to the United States.
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  • And they say, we need to put you in charge
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  • of training soldiers.
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  • So he becomes the Commorant at West Point.
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  • And at West Point, he tries to institute a lot of reforms.
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  • He tries to change the way the curriculum is run
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  • because they're still teaching military tactics
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  • using Civil War battles.
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  • He goes, no, no, no, we've got World War I.
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  • We've got a lot newer stuff.
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  • This is in the twenties when he was Commorant.
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  • Later in the twenties, the head of the Olympic Committee
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  • expectantly died, and they said, MacArthur,
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  • he needs to be the guy to run the Olympic Committee.
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  • So the 1928 Olympics, he's in charge of
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  • the American athletes.
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  • So he gives them this pep talk,
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  • we're going to Amsterdam.
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  • He said, we're not going 3.000 miles to lose gracefully.
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  • So kind of like military troops, gets them all riled up.
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  • And they go and they win the most medals in the Olympics.
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  • So he does a great job in the Olympics,
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  • the Olympic team.
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  • He's the youngest Major General in the Army.
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  • And then he's sent to the Philippines.
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  • Now today, we know the Philippines as an independent nation.
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  • But that happened after World War II.
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  • At the time he was in the Army, the Philippines
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  • was an American territory.
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  • And so he's sent to the Philippines because
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  • all this instability is happening in the Pacific area.
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  • It was all kind of building up.
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  • And he's sent there to really build a military force
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  • in the Philippines.
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  • So he goes there and starts what would be
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  • the Philippine equivalent of West Point.
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  • And starts training officers and soldiers.
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  • He becomes the official Field Marshall of all of
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  • the Philippines military.
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  • And so he spends a long time in the Far East,
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  • training soldiers there, trying to get them ready
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  • for what happens if they get attacked,
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  • which eventually did happen in World War II.
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  • So after all that time in the Philippines,
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  • and all that he's put in there,
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  • he decides I've had a long career,
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  • time to retire, and he does.
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  • He retires from the military.
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  • - And it makes sense after the years you've put in,
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  • and you've served your country.
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  • You think, you know I've done my job.
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  • I can step back now, so he stepped back
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  • until he was needed again.
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  • And that leads up to World War II.
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  • (inspirational music)
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  • We're in Washington D.C. at the World War II Memorial.
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  • And talking about Douglas MacArthur at the end
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  • of World War I, as he goes to the Philippines,
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  • as he's rebuilding the strength of the Philippines,
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  • really helping the military.
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  • He retires and thinks I'm really done
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  • with the military service.
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  • I helped this nation, I rebuilt their strength
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  • and their military.
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  • And so he thinks he's out of this,
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  • but as escalation and tensions are happening across Europe,
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  • as Hitler's come to power, war is now breaking out
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  • in Europe, things are changing in America.
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  • - Yeah, and they see that change also growing
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  • in the Pacific area with what the Japanese are doing,
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  • what they've done in China,
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  • killing literally millions in China.
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  • They're moving through the Korean Peninsula.
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  • And at that point, President Roosevelt recalls
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  • Douglas MacArthur active duty.
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  • He says, I want you to take care of the Philippines.
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  • He makes him the Commander over all of the Philippines,
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  • all the Far East region.
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  • And at that point, when he recalled MacArthur to duty,
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  • MacArthur was a two star General, a Major General.
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  • The next day, Roosevelt made him a three star General,
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  • Lieutenant General.
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  • And then by the end of that month had made him
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  • a four star General.
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  • So he's given him charge of everything there
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  • in the Philippines because they weren't being able
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  • to stop the Japanese.
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  • They're allies of Hitler, so they wanted to be able
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  • to stop it there.
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  • Well, when the Japanese hit Pearl Harbor
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  • on December seventh,
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  • and they wiped out so much of the fleet,
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  • it's the next day that they hit the Philippines.
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  • And they wipe out all of MacArthur's Air Force.
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  • He has no Air Force anymore.
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  • So just a few weeks later, President Roosevelt
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  • orders that Douglas MacArthur abandon the Philippines.
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  • And he didn't want to do that.
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  • That's where he wanted to live.
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  • That's where his heart is.
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  • He moved all of his possessions to the Philippines.
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  • That was going to be where he lived
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  • the rest of his life,
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  • and now he's been ordered to abandon it.
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  • So his heart is with the Philippine people.
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  • He gives his famous speech that says,
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  • I shall return.
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  • I mean he gives them a promise, I'm coming back.
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  • We're not going to let this stand.
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  • So he goes to Australia, and in Australia
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  • he starts an operation to start taking the Pacific back
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  • from the Japanese.
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  • We often hear in school what's called island hopping,
  • 00:08:14.220 --> 00:08:17.070
  • the strategy that the allies hop from island to island.
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  • Actually MacArthur said, no way.
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  • He said that's really predictable.
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  • He said I want Operation Cartwheel.
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  • And so instead of going from island to island,
  • 00:08:26.110 --> 00:08:28.200
  • he would hop way ahead to islands.
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  • And the Japanese didn't know where he was going to hit next.
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  • And so slowly over a period of time,
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  • they start taking back islands in the Pacific.
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  • So it's in October of 1944 that he does return
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  • to the Philippines.
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  • And he walks out, gets out of the boat,
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  • goes on the beach.
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  • Says to the people of the Philippines, I have returned.
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  • And that to this day is one of the greatest reasons,
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  • we're told even today, the Far East has great respect
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  • for America because we kept our word.
  • 00:08:54.130 --> 00:08:56.080
  • And by the way, it was about a month after that
  • 00:08:56.080 --> 00:08:58.070
  • that Congress passed a law that says,
  • 00:08:58.070 --> 00:09:00.210
  • we're going to allow some five star Generals,
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  • we've never had that before.
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  • We're going to do that.
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  • And so at that point, MacArthur is made
  • 00:09:05.110 --> 00:09:07.150
  • one of the those five star Generals.
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  • As we mentioned earlier, there's only five Army guys
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  • who've ever obtained that rank.
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  • So now he's back in the Philippines,
  • 00:09:12.250 --> 00:09:14.100
  • and they start fighting to retake the Philippines.
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  • But they have the Battle of Manila,
  • 00:09:17.140 --> 00:09:19.000
  • and it goes on for a long time.
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  • The Japanese have almost 300.000 soldiers there
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  • at Manila, but because he loves the Philippines,
  • 00:09:23.270 --> 00:09:26.100
  • he would allow now air strikes on the Japanese.
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  • He did not want to destroy Manila,
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  • he didn't want to destroy the Philippines.
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  • It made it tough because he allowed the civilians
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  • to come and go as they wanted.
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  • He would not impede their progress.
  • 00:09:35.200 --> 00:09:37.170
  • And the Japanese were killing and massacring civilians
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  • everywhere, but he was gonna try to preserve
  • 00:09:40.230 --> 00:09:42.240
  • the Philippines and he did.
  • 00:09:42.240 --> 00:09:44.200
  • And so eventually as he orchestrates all the stuff
  • 00:09:44.200 --> 00:09:47.080
  • during the Pacific, we come to the point that
  • 00:09:47.080 --> 00:09:50.010
  • he's preparing for what's called Operation Downfall.
  • 00:09:50.010 --> 00:09:52.250
  • And that is, we have got to bring Japan to their knees.
  • 00:09:52.250 --> 00:09:55.160
  • We had to do a D Day invasion in Europe
  • 00:09:55.160 --> 00:09:57.190
  • to bring Hitler to his knees.
  • 00:09:57.190 --> 00:09:59.220
  • So we're gonna do a D Day type of invasion in Japan.
  • 00:09:59.220 --> 00:10:02.060
  • And so as they're getting ready to do that,
  • 00:10:02.060 --> 00:10:04.090
  • the estimates come back.
  • 00:10:04.090 --> 00:10:05.240
  • If we do this, the Japanese people are not like the Germans.
  • 00:10:05.240 --> 00:10:08.270
  • They do not give up.
  • 00:10:08.270 --> 00:10:10.030
  • They're gonna fight to the death.
  • 00:10:10.030 --> 00:10:11.140
  • They think that death is a glorious thing.
  • 00:10:11.140 --> 00:10:13.140
  • Their ancestors and so it's a whole different mentality.
  • 00:10:13.140 --> 00:10:17.240
  • And the estimates come back that we're looking at probably
  • 00:10:17.240 --> 00:10:19.280
  • one million Americans will die if we invade Japan.
  • 00:10:19.280 --> 00:10:23.080
  • Two to four million allies will die.
  • 00:10:23.080 --> 00:10:25.190
  • And we think we'll have to kill between
  • 00:10:25.190 --> 00:10:27.040
  • five and 10 million Japanese before they surrender.
  • 00:10:27.040 --> 00:10:30.120
  • And it's at the point that President Truman said no,
  • 00:10:30.120 --> 00:10:32.290
  • we have a bomb that we'll use.
  • 00:10:32.290 --> 00:10:34.190
  • We're not gonna cause all that loss of life.
  • 00:10:34.190 --> 00:10:37.120
  • And so dropping two bombs cost about 300.000 Japanese lives,
  • 00:10:37.120 --> 00:10:41.240
  • but no ally lives.
  • 00:10:41.240 --> 00:10:43.070
  • And so dropping bombs probably saved somewhere between
  • 00:10:43.070 --> 00:10:46.020
  • 2 and up to 15 million lives.
  • 00:10:46.020 --> 00:10:49.010
  • And at that point, the Japanese do surrender.
  • 00:10:49.010 --> 00:10:51.060
  • And it's MacArthur that whom they surrender.
  • 00:10:51.060 --> 00:10:53.090
  • And so on the U.S.S. Missouri is where they signed
  • 00:10:53.090 --> 00:10:55.270
  • the peace treaty that ends World War II.
  • 00:10:55.270 --> 00:10:58.080
  • And MacArthur has taken and done in the Pacific
  • 00:10:58.080 --> 00:11:01.250
  • what Eisenhower had done over on the Atlantic side
  • 00:11:01.250 --> 00:11:04.230
  • in Europe.
  • 00:11:04.230 --> 00:11:05.220
  • So World War II comes to an end
  • 00:11:05.220 --> 00:11:07.160
  • right there under the supervision
  • 00:11:07.160 --> 00:11:09.070
  • of General Douglas MacArthur.
  • 00:11:09.070 --> 00:11:10.210
  • (upbeat music)
  • 00:11:10.210 --> 00:11:13.070
  • - Hey everyone, back here in the WallBuilders Collection,
  • 00:11:20.150 --> 00:11:22.180
  • this time going through the archives
  • 00:11:22.180 --> 00:11:24.000
  • looking for things that deal with World War II
  • 00:11:24.000 --> 00:11:26.150
  • and General MacArthur.
  • 00:11:26.150 --> 00:11:27.220
  • We actually have a lot of stuff.
  • 00:11:27.220 --> 00:11:29.000
  • This is one of the helmet's they had.
  • 00:11:29.000 --> 00:11:30.170
  • We've got a bayonet right here from an M1 Garand,
  • 00:11:30.170 --> 00:11:33.080
  • so it probably saw a lot of action back in the war,
  • 00:11:33.080 --> 00:11:36.100
  • especially over in the Pacific theatre.
  • 00:11:36.100 --> 00:11:38.260
  • In fact, we've got a wartime paper.
  • 00:11:38.260 --> 00:11:40.010
  • This is after the Nazis have surrendered,
  • 00:11:40.010 --> 00:11:41.140
  • but they're still fighting the Pacific theatre,
  • 00:11:41.140 --> 00:11:43.100
  • where General MacArthur was the head ally Commander.
  • 00:11:43.100 --> 00:11:46.170
  • So we've got, right, this is a picture
  • 00:11:46.170 --> 00:11:49.080
  • that they actually found off of a captured Japanese soldier.
  • 00:11:49.080 --> 00:11:51.200
  • It shows a beheading of an allied prisoner
  • 00:11:51.200 --> 00:11:53.260
  • because of the atrocities that MacArthur was dealing with
  • 00:11:53.260 --> 00:11:56.220
  • really are hard to even fathom in today's world.
  • 00:11:56.220 --> 00:12:00.160
  • Over here, we've got a number of Bibles
  • 00:12:00.160 --> 00:12:03.000
  • from World War II.
  • 00:12:03.000 --> 00:12:04.070
  • Because right the soldiers are going in
  • 00:12:04.070 --> 00:12:05.190
  • and dealing with that, there's one thing that they need,
  • 00:12:07.020 --> 00:12:08.010
  • and that's the word of God.
  • 00:12:08.010 --> 00:12:09.090
  • This is actually called a heart shield Bible.
  • 00:12:09.090 --> 00:12:10.080
  • It's got an engraving saying,
  • 00:12:10.080 --> 00:12:11.180
  • may this keep you save from harm.
  • 00:12:11.180 --> 00:12:14.040
  • And that's a steel plate on the front of it,
  • 00:12:14.040 --> 00:12:15.190
  • so they would drop that in their pocket,
  • 00:12:15.190 --> 00:12:17.240
  • in their breast pocket.
  • 00:12:17.240 --> 00:12:19.040
  • And a lot of soldiers actually came back,
  • 00:12:19.040 --> 00:12:21.220
  • and they said this is what saved my life
  • 00:12:21.220 --> 00:12:24.050
  • because it caught a bullet
  • 00:12:24.050 --> 00:12:25.200
  • and was actually able to stop it from hurting him.
  • 00:12:25.200 --> 00:12:27.190
  • So we've got a lot of things from World War II.
  • 00:12:27.190 --> 00:12:30.040
  • We also have some original artifacts from General MacArthur.
  • 00:12:30.040 --> 00:12:33.170
  • So this right here is actually the Proclamation
  • 00:12:33.170 --> 00:12:36.180
  • that he gave when he landed on the Philippines.
  • 00:12:36.180 --> 00:12:39.230
  • So this is his famous, I have returned, speech.
  • 00:12:39.230 --> 00:12:42.120
  • And he says, I have returned.
  • 00:12:42.120 --> 00:12:43.260
  • By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again
  • 00:12:43.260 --> 00:12:47.130
  • on Philippine soil.
  • 00:12:47.130 --> 00:12:48.280
  • Soil consecrated in the blood of our two peoples.
  • 00:12:48.280 --> 00:12:51.100
  • In the name of your sacred dead, strike.
  • 00:12:51.100 --> 00:12:54.070
  • Let no heart by faint.
  • 00:12:54.070 --> 00:12:55.110
  • Let every arm be steeled.
  • 00:12:55.110 --> 00:12:57.140
  • The guidance of divine God points the way.
  • 00:12:57.140 --> 00:13:00.050
  • Follow in His name to the Holy Grail of righteous victory.
  • 00:13:00.050 --> 00:13:04.030
  • So this is the speech that he gave when he landed
  • 00:13:04.030 --> 00:13:06.130
  • back on the Philippines.
  • 00:13:06.130 --> 00:13:08.000
  • We've got a lot of artifacts down here in the collection
  • 00:13:08.000 --> 00:13:10.000
  • that really help us get a better idea on some of
  • 00:13:10.000 --> 00:13:13.050
  • these big characters from history,
  • 00:13:13.050 --> 00:13:15.020
  • one of those being General MacArthur.
  • 00:13:15.020 --> 00:13:17.180
  • (inspirational music)
  • 00:13:17.180 --> 00:13:20.230
  • - So the war has come to an end,
  • 00:13:35.290 --> 00:13:38.120
  • but now you have to rebuild Japan.
  • 00:13:38.120 --> 00:13:39.270
  • You know, we couldn't just walk off and leave them
  • 00:13:39.270 --> 00:13:42.140
  • to their own devices because
  • 00:13:42.140 --> 00:13:43.260
  • they brought this on themselves.
  • 00:13:43.260 --> 00:13:45.180
  • That's not the way America is.
  • 00:13:45.180 --> 00:13:47.030
  • And so just as in Europe, we're rebuilding
  • 00:13:47.030 --> 00:13:49.110
  • and trying to get it back to a civilized
  • 00:13:49.110 --> 00:13:52.100
  • fully functioning area.
  • 00:13:52.100 --> 00:13:54.180
  • The same thing is trying to be done over in Japan.
  • 00:13:54.180 --> 00:13:57.060
  • And President Truman puts Douglas MacArthur
  • 00:13:57.060 --> 00:13:59.200
  • in charge of rebuilding all of Japan.
  • 00:13:59.200 --> 00:14:02.010
  • And that's a big deal
  • 00:14:02.010 --> 00:14:03.090
  • because the mentality is so different.
  • 00:14:03.090 --> 00:14:05.120
  • Th Emperor, for example, he's considered not as a God,
  • 00:14:05.120 --> 00:14:08.190
  • he's considered to be God.
  • 00:14:08.190 --> 00:14:10.060
  • And they have military Shintoism,
  • 00:14:10.060 --> 00:14:11.290
  • and that military mindset that conquering
  • 00:14:11.290 --> 00:14:15.070
  • is what is required for us to do.
  • 00:14:15.070 --> 00:14:17.220
  • And the role of women is just not there at all.
  • 00:14:17.220 --> 00:14:20.060
  • They don't have a constitution.
  • 00:14:20.060 --> 00:14:21.250
  • Their economic system, even the land use,
  • 00:14:21.250 --> 00:14:24.000
  • most of the land is owned by a handful of people.
  • 00:14:24.000 --> 00:14:27.000
  • And they had all these tenet farmers working on it,
  • 00:14:27.000 --> 00:14:29.050
  • so there's not private property to speak of.
  • 00:14:29.050 --> 00:14:31.110
  • So MacArthur comes in to be in charge of rebuilding.
  • 00:14:31.110 --> 00:14:34.200
  • And he recognizes, you gotta have the whole mindset here.
  • 00:14:34.200 --> 00:14:37.120
  • So interestingly, the first thing MacArthur does
  • 00:14:37.120 --> 00:14:40.030
  • is says I need missionaries.
  • 00:14:40.030 --> 00:14:42.030
  • I need a bunch of Christian missionaries over here.
  • 00:14:42.030 --> 00:14:44.100
  • We need the Bible.
  • 00:14:44.100 --> 00:14:46.040
  • And so 5.000 missionaries respond and come into Japan.
  • 00:14:46.040 --> 00:14:50.130
  • And within a short period of time,
  • 00:14:50.130 --> 00:14:52.150
  • the Bible becomes one of the best selling books in Japan.
  • 00:14:52.150 --> 00:14:55.220
  • So he administers the rebuilding of Japan.
  • 00:14:55.220 --> 00:14:58.280
  • He puts a constitution in place.
  • 00:14:58.280 --> 00:15:01.250
  • He abolishes military Shintoism.
  • 00:15:01.250 --> 00:15:03.280
  • It's interesting, the first time he met the Emperor,
  • 00:15:03.280 --> 00:15:05.240
  • now remember, the people think the Emperor is God.
  • 00:15:05.240 --> 00:15:08.290
  • And the Japanese media would only take a picture
  • 00:15:08.290 --> 00:15:11.250
  • of the Emperor, who actually was a very short, small guy,
  • 00:15:11.250 --> 00:15:14.210
  • upwards so he looked really big.
  • 00:15:14.210 --> 00:15:16.280
  • There was never anyone else in the picture
  • 00:15:16.280 --> 00:15:18.050
  • because they wouldn't see how big he was.
  • 00:15:18.050 --> 00:15:20.090
  • And the people thought he was this huge guy.
  • 00:15:20.090 --> 00:15:23.050
  • MacArthur goes in, who is a huge guy,
  • 00:15:23.050 --> 00:15:25.060
  • and here's the little Emperor,
  • 00:15:25.060 --> 00:15:26.130
  • and they take a press picture of that.
  • 00:15:26.130 --> 00:15:28.140
  • And the Japanese press is terrified, horrified.
  • 00:15:28.140 --> 00:15:31.190
  • You can't release that.
  • 00:15:31.190 --> 00:15:32.260
  • He said, no, we're going to release this.
  • 00:15:32.260 --> 00:15:35.070
  • So he had every newspaper in Japan run that picture
  • 00:15:35.070 --> 00:15:37.110
  • of him towering over the Emperor.
  • 00:15:37.110 --> 00:15:40.080
  • And they're all, oh my gosh, they've just never
  • 00:15:40.080 --> 00:15:43.160
  • seen anything like this.
  • 00:15:43.160 --> 00:15:45.010
  • And so it gives a mindset from the very beginning
  • 00:15:45.010 --> 00:15:47.170
  • of who's in charge here.
  • 00:15:47.170 --> 00:15:49.060
  • And he is so thorough in making those changes
  • 00:15:49.060 --> 00:15:52.080
  • that within only seven years Japan is fully voted
  • 00:15:52.080 --> 00:15:57.000
  • back into the community of World Nations.
  • 00:15:57.000 --> 00:15:59.210
  • Such a transformation happening
  • 00:15:59.210 --> 00:16:01.120
  • in such a short period of time,
  • 00:16:01.120 --> 00:16:03.100
  • to such really an economic powerhouse, a powerful nation.
  • 00:16:03.100 --> 00:16:07.000
  • Women have rights.
  • 00:16:07.000 --> 00:16:08.060
  • There's land ownership.
  • 00:16:08.060 --> 00:16:09.180
  • Things that have not been done in Japan
  • 00:16:09.180 --> 00:16:11.270
  • literally in centuries and even in millennia,
  • 00:16:11.270 --> 00:16:14.290
  • he's brought those subsequent changes.
  • 00:16:14.290 --> 00:16:17.190
  • But there's another conflict on the horizon
  • 00:16:17.190 --> 00:16:19.280
  • already taking place.
  • 00:16:19.280 --> 00:16:21.130
  • (inspirational music)
  • 00:16:21.130 --> 00:16:24.180
  • So with the surrender of Japan,
  • 00:16:35.170 --> 00:16:37.110
  • World War II comes to a close.
  • 00:16:37.110 --> 00:16:39.160
  • Douglas MacArthur oversees the rebuilding,
  • 00:16:39.160 --> 00:16:41.270
  • the supervision of the remaking of Japan.
  • 00:16:41.270 --> 00:16:44.180
  • But simultaneously in that same period of time,
  • 00:16:44.180 --> 00:16:47.020
  • we're trying to decide what to you do with
  • 00:16:47.020 --> 00:16:48.280
  • what used to be the Japanese Empire?
  • 00:16:48.280 --> 00:16:50.200
  • Because Japan in previous decades had taken in
  • 00:16:50.200 --> 00:16:53.250
  • so much territory.
  • 00:16:53.250 --> 00:16:55.030
  • They had taken in so many of the nations,
  • 00:16:55.030 --> 00:16:57.100
  • including Korea.
  • 00:16:57.100 --> 00:16:58.220
  • And so now that Japan no longer has control over nations
  • 00:16:58.220 --> 00:17:01.270
  • like Korea, you have to decide what are you
  • 00:17:01.270 --> 00:17:03.120
  • going to do with them?
  • 00:17:03.120 --> 00:17:04.070
  • How do you rebuild?
  • 00:17:04.070 --> 00:17:05.020
  • How to do you restore?
  • 00:17:05.020 --> 00:17:06.120
  • And so within that framework, they decided okay,
  • 00:17:06.120 --> 00:17:08.230
  • among the allied nations we'll see who supervises what area.
  • 00:17:08.230 --> 00:17:11.200
  • And so the Soviet Union was given supervision
  • 00:17:11.200 --> 00:17:13.270
  • over the northern part of Korea.
  • 00:17:13.270 --> 00:17:15.160
  • America was given supervision over
  • 00:17:15.160 --> 00:17:17.050
  • the southern part of Korea.
  • 00:17:17.050 --> 00:17:18.200
  • And so it kind of becomes a protectant of America
  • 00:17:18.200 --> 00:17:21.050
  • until it rebuilds itself, gets back on its feet.
  • 00:17:21.050 --> 00:17:24.000
  • And in 1950, the North Koreans invade into South Korea.
  • 00:17:24.000 --> 00:17:29.000
  • Well that's the American protector.
  • 00:17:30.040 --> 00:17:31.110
  • We gotta defend the South Koreans.
  • 00:17:31.110 --> 00:17:32.280
  • And so the U.N. gets involved,
  • 00:17:32.280 --> 00:17:34.110
  • and says no, no, no, we've got to stop this.
  • 00:17:34.110 --> 00:17:37.010
  • And so the U.N. says we need to defend South Korea
  • 00:17:37.010 --> 00:17:39.210
  • from the aggression of North Koreans.
  • 00:17:39.210 --> 00:17:41.120
  • And Douglas MacArthur is made the Commander in Chief
  • 00:17:41.120 --> 00:17:44.040
  • of all the forces there to defend South Korea.
  • 00:17:44.040 --> 00:17:46.160
  • So now he's involved in the Korean War,
  • 00:17:46.160 --> 00:17:48.250
  • and he's in charge of that war.
  • 00:17:48.250 --> 00:17:50.250
  • And so it's going pretty well all along the way there.
  • 00:17:50.250 --> 00:17:54.200
  • We're getting North Koreans pushed back,
  • 00:17:54.200 --> 00:17:56.070
  • and then it turns out that Chinese get involved.
  • 00:17:56.070 --> 00:17:59.040
  • And here come 300.000 Chinese troops
  • 00:17:59.040 --> 00:18:02.140
  • that hadn't been planned on,
  • 00:18:02.140 --> 00:18:04.080
  • which kinda changes the direction of the war.
  • 00:18:04.080 --> 00:18:06.120
  • - It still doesn't slow down the idea
  • 00:18:06.120 --> 00:18:07.230
  • that Douglas MacArthur.
  • 00:18:07.230 --> 00:18:09.000
  • He thought, hey that's no problem.
  • 00:18:09.000 --> 00:18:10.080
  • We'll take on whatever bully wants to fight us,
  • 00:18:10.080 --> 00:18:12.080
  • and he said let's just go to China.
  • 00:18:12.080 --> 00:18:13.200
  • And we'll just beat the Chinese.
  • 00:18:13.200 --> 00:18:14.270
  • But Harry Truman realized, wait a second,
  • 00:18:14.270 --> 00:18:16.280
  • China and the Soviet Union have made a deal
  • 00:18:16.280 --> 00:18:19.290
  • that if one of them gets attacked and invaded,
  • 00:18:19.290 --> 00:18:21.140
  • they're going to defend and protect the other one.
  • 00:18:21.140 --> 00:18:22.220
  • And so arguably, Harry Truman's just thinking,
  • 00:18:22.220 --> 00:18:25.030
  • we can't have another World War.
  • 00:18:25.030 --> 00:18:27.130
  • And so he starts trying to pull back the reigns,
  • 00:18:27.130 --> 00:18:29.270
  • what can we do to end this conflict
  • 00:18:29.270 --> 00:18:31.170
  • without having major fighting more than we already have?
  • 00:18:31.170 --> 00:18:35.040
  • - Let's negotiate, find a way to get out of this.
  • 00:18:35.040 --> 00:18:37.190
  • - [Tim] Which is not what MacArthur wants to do.
  • 00:18:37.190 --> 00:18:39.130
  • MacArthur is the warrior, he's a fighter, he's a winner.
  • 00:18:39.130 --> 00:18:42.010
  • He says let's find a way to conquer these people
  • 00:18:42.010 --> 00:18:44.110
  • that are trying to attack and want to do these things.
  • 00:18:44.110 --> 00:18:46.190
  • - And his concern was if we didn't,
  • 00:18:46.190 --> 00:18:48.130
  • we're gonna be doing this again later.
  • 00:18:48.130 --> 00:18:50.060
  • I mean if you don't defeat the enemy now,
  • 00:18:50.060 --> 00:18:51.240
  • you're gonna have to face this same enemy at some point.
  • 00:18:51.240 --> 00:18:54.040
  • So let's get this stopped right here.
  • 00:18:54.040 --> 00:18:55.190
  • - And that just wasn't integral to Harry Truman.
  • 00:18:55.190 --> 00:18:57.150
  • Harry Truman says no, we have to negotiate.
  • 00:18:57.150 --> 00:18:59.090
  • We can't go to war with the Chinese and the Soviet Union.
  • 00:18:59.090 --> 00:19:01.280
  • We need to find a way to just kind of
  • 00:19:01.280 --> 00:19:03.150
  • calm this down right now.
  • 00:19:03.150 --> 00:19:05.030
  • So this really brought a chasm between MacArthur and Truman,
  • 00:19:05.030 --> 00:19:08.250
  • even more than what was already there,
  • 00:19:08.250 --> 00:19:10.230
  • that really they just weren't able
  • 00:19:10.230 --> 00:19:12.020
  • to bridge this gap anymore.
  • 00:19:12.020 --> 00:19:13.180
  • - The problem is, the chasm becomes public.
  • 00:19:13.180 --> 00:19:16.170
  • MacArthur goes public with what should be done for victory.
  • 00:19:16.170 --> 00:19:19.260
  • And Truman over here is trying to
  • 00:19:19.260 --> 00:19:21.150
  • move a different direction.
  • 00:19:21.150 --> 00:19:22.220
  • So now you have five star General
  • 00:19:22.220 --> 00:19:24.280
  • contradicting the President.
  • 00:19:24.280 --> 00:19:26.050
  • Well the President is the Commander in Chief.
  • 00:19:26.050 --> 00:19:28.030
  • He is in charge of the military.
  • 00:19:28.030 --> 00:19:29.170
  • And so at that point is when Truman
  • 00:19:29.170 --> 00:19:32.240
  • essentially fires MacArthur.
  • 00:19:32.240 --> 00:19:34.170
  • He removes him, replaces him.
  • 00:19:34.170 --> 00:19:36.100
  • And that pretty much kind of ends
  • 00:19:36.100 --> 00:19:38.200
  • MacArthur's career at that point.
  • 00:19:38.200 --> 00:19:40.050
  • Now the interesting thing about a five star General is
  • 00:19:40.050 --> 00:19:42.060
  • they're never allowed to retire.
  • 00:19:42.060 --> 00:19:43.150
  • You can never retire as a five star General.
  • 00:19:43.150 --> 00:19:45.150
  • You are always in active duty.
  • 00:19:45.150 --> 00:19:47.160
  • And so he comes back to the United States.
  • 00:19:47.160 --> 00:19:49.270
  • He gives a speech to Congress,
  • 00:19:49.270 --> 00:19:51.140
  • and man is there an enthusiastic response.
  • 00:19:51.140 --> 00:19:53.280
  • More than 50 times Congress interrupted his speech
  • 00:19:53.280 --> 00:19:56.220
  • because he is a hero.
  • 00:19:56.220 --> 00:19:58.010
  • - Interrupted to give ovations, by the way.
  • 00:19:58.010 --> 00:20:00.070
  • - Ovations, that's right, ovations.
  • 00:20:00.070 --> 00:20:01.190
  • - This was very well received.
  • 00:20:01.190 --> 00:20:03.100
  • They love this man.
  • 00:20:03.100 --> 00:20:04.220
  • - He's had more than 100 military decorations
  • 00:20:04.220 --> 00:20:08.050
  • throughout his career.
  • 00:20:08.050 --> 00:20:09.120
  • I mean this is a true American hero.
  • 00:20:09.120 --> 00:20:11.030
  • And it's interesting, even though Truman kind of
  • 00:20:11.030 --> 00:20:15.150
  • had to do that, you can't let a subordinate take you on.
  • 00:20:15.150 --> 00:20:18.200
  • Truman's popularity fell to 20%.
  • 00:20:18.200 --> 00:20:23.200
  • That's the lowest favorability rating
  • 00:20:24.250 --> 00:20:26.250
  • any President on record since they've been doing polls.
  • 00:20:26.250 --> 00:20:29.220
  • The American public, the American Congress,
  • 00:20:29.220 --> 00:20:31.160
  • they were all behind Douglas MacArthur.
  • 00:20:31.160 --> 00:20:33.080
  • And that's where he gave the famous speech that
  • 00:20:33.080 --> 00:20:35.110
  • all soldiers don't die, they just fade away.
  • 00:20:35.110 --> 00:20:38.220
  • And so he did kind of fade, but he also became
  • 00:20:38.220 --> 00:20:41.010
  • a counselor to subsequent Presidents.
  • 00:20:41.010 --> 00:20:43.190
  • For example, he told John F. Kennedy,
  • 00:20:43.190 --> 00:20:45.190
  • stay out of Vietnam.
  • 00:20:45.190 --> 00:20:47.040
  • And then Kennedy is killed,
  • 00:20:47.040 --> 00:20:48.230
  • and President Johnson comes in.
  • 00:20:48.230 --> 00:20:50.160
  • And he says, stay out of Vietnam.
  • 00:20:50.160 --> 00:20:52.050
  • And so he's still giving counsel to Presidents
  • 00:20:52.050 --> 00:20:55.140
  • right up until the latter stages of his life.
  • 00:20:55.140 --> 00:20:58.140
  • (inspirational music)
  • 00:20:58.140 --> 00:21:01.200
  • The remarkable life of Douglas MacArthur
  • 00:21:13.140 --> 00:21:15.220
  • comes to a close in 1964.
  • 00:21:15.220 --> 00:21:17.280
  • And at that point, he is buried here.
  • 00:21:17.280 --> 00:21:20.020
  • Now this originally was a city hall back in 1850,
  • 00:21:21.150 --> 00:21:24.280
  • and in 1960, the Mayor of Norfolk says,
  • 00:21:24.280 --> 00:21:27.160
  • we're gonna do a new city hall.
  • 00:21:27.160 --> 00:21:29.000
  • Let's take the old one and make it as a memorial
  • 00:21:29.000 --> 00:21:31.160
  • for Douglas MacArthur whenever he passes away.
  • 00:21:31.160 --> 00:21:34.140
  • And they did.
  • 00:21:34.140 --> 00:21:35.290
  • And we're surrounded here with his military medals
  • 00:21:35.290 --> 00:21:37.150
  • and with his life and so much of what he did,
  • 00:21:37.150 --> 00:21:39.250
  • World War II, Korea, World War I,
  • 00:21:39.250 --> 00:21:42.180
  • it's all here.
  • 00:21:42.180 --> 00:21:43.260
  • As you look back over the life of MacArthur,
  • 00:21:43.260 --> 00:21:45.240
  • here's a guy who loved his country,
  • 00:21:45.240 --> 00:21:48.000
  • sacrificed much for his country,
  • 00:21:48.000 --> 00:21:49.270
  • did much to help his country and the world,
  • 00:21:49.270 --> 00:21:52.270
  • but he was also a family guy.
  • 00:21:52.270 --> 00:21:55.280
  • You look back at his own life with his father,
  • 00:21:55.280 --> 00:21:58.040
  • his father and the son, Douglas MacArthur
  • 00:21:58.040 --> 00:22:00.270
  • both were awarded with the Medal of Honor.
  • 00:22:00.270 --> 00:22:03.130
  • Actually one of Douglas MacArthur's early assignments
  • 00:22:03.130 --> 00:22:06.210
  • was as a staff member to his father.
  • 00:22:06.210 --> 00:22:08.200
  • So he served on the staff of his father,
  • 00:22:08.200 --> 00:22:10.180
  • the relationship there.
  • 00:22:10.180 --> 00:22:12.050
  • Douglas has his own son, and it's interesting
  • 00:22:12.050 --> 00:22:15.090
  • that in 1942 he's honored as the Father of the Year,
  • 00:22:15.090 --> 00:22:19.010
  • right in the middle of World War II.
  • 00:22:19.010 --> 00:22:21.160
  • And at that point in time, he brought a great perspective
  • 00:22:21.160 --> 00:22:24.020
  • to be both a father and a warrior.
  • 00:22:24.020 --> 00:22:28.060
  • And this is what he said,
  • 00:22:28.060 --> 00:22:29.250
  • by profession I am a soldier and take pride in that fact,
  • 00:22:29.250 --> 00:22:33.160
  • but I'm prouder, infinitely prouder to be a father.
  • 00:22:33.160 --> 00:22:36.170
  • A soldier destroys in order to build.
  • 00:22:36.170 --> 00:22:39.020
  • The father only builds, never destroys.
  • 00:22:39.020 --> 00:22:41.280
  • The one has the potentialities of death,
  • 00:22:41.280 --> 00:22:45.130
  • the other embodies creation and life.
  • 00:22:45.130 --> 00:22:48.040
  • And while the hordes of death are mighty,
  • 00:22:48.040 --> 00:22:50.080
  • the battalions of life are mightier still.
  • 00:22:50.080 --> 00:22:53.260
  • It is my hope that my son when I'm gone
  • 00:22:53.260 --> 00:22:56.190
  • will remember me not from battle,
  • 00:22:56.190 --> 00:22:59.090
  • but in the home repeating with him our simple daily prayer,
  • 00:22:59.090 --> 00:23:03.150
  • Our Father Who art in Heaven.
  • 00:23:03.150 --> 00:23:05.230
  • It's great perspective, and it's about that time
  • 00:23:05.230 --> 00:23:08.180
  • that what we now know as a father's prayer
  • 00:23:08.180 --> 00:23:11.040
  • was made public and came out surrounding Douglas MacArthur.
  • 00:23:11.040 --> 00:23:15.090
  • So he has a great life, great perspective,
  • 00:23:15.090 --> 00:23:17.100
  • he's a man who loved his kids, he loved his family,
  • 00:23:17.100 --> 00:23:22.000
  • he loved his country, and he loved his God.
  • 00:23:22.000 --> 00:23:24.080
  • - And like many incredible people from American history,
  • 00:23:24.080 --> 00:23:26.210
  • sometimes we know their name,
  • 00:23:26.210 --> 00:23:27.250
  • we don't often know their story.
  • 00:23:27.250 --> 00:23:29.210
  • And Douglas MacArthur's story is just one more
  • 00:23:29.210 --> 00:23:32.040
  • of America's great hidden heroes.
  • 00:23:32.040 --> 00:23:34.140
  • (peaceful music)
  • 00:23:34.140 --> 00:23:37.060
  • My disappointments and one of my favorite things
  • 00:23:41.280 --> 00:23:44.030
  • about MacArthur related to his story,
  • 00:23:44.030 --> 00:23:47.110
  • I'm a little disappointed we didn't
  • 00:23:47.110 --> 00:23:49.140
  • go to the Philippines.
  • 00:23:49.140 --> 00:23:51.110
  • I'm not sure if we adjusted the budget,
  • 00:23:51.110 --> 00:23:52.250
  • but I feel like you know what, next time
  • 00:23:52.250 --> 00:23:55.160
  • we should just, or Japan, we should make this
  • 00:23:55.160 --> 00:23:56.190
  • an international trip.
  • 00:23:56.190 --> 00:23:58.030
  • I did come away with a MacArthur look alike pipe.
  • 00:23:58.030 --> 00:24:02.000
  • I don't know what I'm going to do with it,
  • 00:24:02.000 --> 00:24:02.270
  • but I have a souvenir.
  • 00:24:02.270 --> 00:24:04.150
  • He's just such an interesting guy to learn more about
  • 00:24:04.150 --> 00:24:07.240
  • and recognizing the significance of what he did,
  • 00:24:07.240 --> 00:24:10.270
  • the influence he had, the voice he had
  • 00:24:10.270 --> 00:24:12.270
  • with the Presidents, even after World War II.
  • 00:24:12.270 --> 00:24:15.000
  • He's just such an interesting story.
  • 00:24:15.000 --> 00:24:17.040
  • - The thing that stands out to me about him
  • 00:24:17.040 --> 00:24:19.130
  • is confidence, and he had a lot of confidence.
  • 00:24:19.130 --> 00:24:23.040
  • He had a heavy dose of confidence.
  • 00:24:23.040 --> 00:24:24.120
  • He knew what he could do.
  • 00:24:24.120 --> 00:24:25.260
  • - But you can't be a General without some confidence
  • 00:24:25.260 --> 00:24:28.050
  • at some level.
  • 00:24:28.050 --> 00:24:29.120
  • - Well especially a four star General.
  • 00:24:29.120 --> 00:24:29.290
  • - Right.
  • 00:24:29.290 --> 00:24:31.050
  • - Without having accomplished stuff,
  • 00:24:31.050 --> 00:24:32.180
  • what he did at West Point and everything else.
  • 00:24:32.180 --> 00:24:34.020
  • And I think a good example of that and how others
  • 00:24:34.020 --> 00:24:36.030
  • around him often, I don't know if they were jealous of it
  • 00:24:36.030 --> 00:24:38.180
  • or misinterpreted it or what,
  • 00:24:38.180 --> 00:24:40.100
  • but when he says to the Philippines, I shall return,
  • 00:24:40.100 --> 00:24:43.130
  • the War Department says, no, no, no.
  • 00:24:43.130 --> 00:24:44.190
  • We shall return.
  • 00:24:44.190 --> 00:24:45.180
  • He said, no, no, I shall return.
  • 00:24:45.180 --> 00:24:47.180
  • And then the order comes out, he says,
  • 00:24:47.180 --> 00:24:49.030
  • I have returned.
  • 00:24:49.030 --> 00:24:50.150
  • And it was I, and so others said,
  • 00:24:50.150 --> 00:24:53.100
  • it's all about him.
  • 00:24:53.100 --> 00:24:55.100
  • Well in some ways it was because he knew
  • 00:24:55.100 --> 00:24:57.220
  • what he could get done.
  • 00:24:57.220 --> 00:24:58.170
  • - Right.
  • 00:24:58.170 --> 00:25:00.040
  • - And that confidence, when you got a bold confidence
  • 00:25:00.040 --> 00:25:02.040
  • knowing what you can do, other people around you
  • 00:25:02.040 --> 00:25:04.110
  • that have less confidence or want to do it differently,
  • 00:25:05.280 --> 00:25:07.050
  • you're gonna have some conflicts with Generals.
  • 00:25:07.050 --> 00:25:08.090
  • - Sure.
  • 00:25:08.090 --> 00:25:09.150
  • - But I look at the results of what he did,
  • 00:25:09.150 --> 00:25:11.000
  • not only in the Pacific theatre,
  • 00:25:11.000 --> 00:25:13.230
  • but I am just amazed that you can go in
  • 00:25:13.230 --> 00:25:16.200
  • to the Japanese culture,
  • 00:25:16.200 --> 00:25:18.160
  • which has been that way for decades,
  • 00:25:18.160 --> 00:25:20.100
  • for generations, for centuries,
  • 00:25:20.100 --> 00:25:22.150
  • and in seven years you can completely transform
  • 00:25:22.150 --> 00:25:25.250
  • a nation economically, politically, religiously,
  • 00:25:25.250 --> 00:25:29.020
  • to where the rest of the world says, oh yeah,
  • 00:25:29.020 --> 00:25:31.010
  • we want you guys back in with us.
  • 00:25:31.010 --> 00:25:33.020
  • And you're accepted back into the world of nations
  • 00:25:33.020 --> 00:25:34.280
  • in seven years.
  • 00:25:34.280 --> 00:25:35.260
  • - [Tim] Yeah.
  • 00:25:35.260 --> 00:25:37.100
  • - I mean what MacArthur did borders on the fantastic
  • 00:25:37.100 --> 00:25:40.250
  • in so many ways, and at the same time
  • 00:25:40.250 --> 00:25:43.080
  • he keeps the perspective that yeah I'm a soldier,
  • 00:25:43.080 --> 00:25:45.180
  • but I'm a father as well.
  • 00:25:45.180 --> 00:25:47.030
  • And so his relationship with his wife and his son,
  • 00:25:47.030 --> 00:25:49.200
  • it's amazing stuff.
  • 00:25:49.200 --> 00:25:50.250
  • - As people are wanting to be leaders,
  • 00:25:50.250 --> 00:25:52.150
  • there's definitely some takeaways you can learn from him,
  • 00:25:52.150 --> 00:25:54.280
  • where you have to have a moral conviction
  • 00:25:54.280 --> 00:25:56.190
  • and stand on that.
  • 00:25:56.190 --> 00:25:57.260
  • When he says, I will return, it's because,
  • 00:25:57.260 --> 00:25:59.160
  • I mean in my mind I'm thinkin', well yeah,
  • 00:25:59.160 --> 00:26:01.190
  • I'm not giving you a promise from the Federal Government,
  • 00:26:01.190 --> 00:26:03.250
  • I'm giving my word.
  • 00:26:03.250 --> 00:26:04.260
  • I can't control what they do.
  • 00:26:04.260 --> 00:26:06.110
  • - That's right.
  • 00:26:06.110 --> 00:26:07.090
  • - I can control what I do.
  • 00:26:07.090 --> 00:26:08.170
  • - I will do that.
  • 00:26:08.170 --> 00:26:10.000
  • - And again, to me, that's that moral clarity
  • 00:26:10.000 --> 00:26:11.080
  • where he was going to be a person of truth,
  • 00:26:11.080 --> 00:26:12.200
  • and he was going to tell you what he thought
  • 00:26:12.200 --> 00:26:14.130
  • and stand by what he thought.
  • 00:26:14.130 --> 00:26:16.040
  • And I think as a leader, he sets some
  • 00:26:16.040 --> 00:26:18.290
  • really great examples, lessons that we can learn from,
  • 00:26:18.290 --> 00:26:21.180
  • certainly as we look back through American history.
  • 00:26:21.180 --> 00:26:23.280
  • (inspirational music)
  • 00:26:23.280 --> 00:26:27.030
  • - [Narrator] We hope you're enjoying TBN's exclusive series,
  • 00:26:30.140 --> 00:26:33.190
  • America's Hidden History.
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  • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans
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  • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
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