America's Hidden History | Black History Month | TBN

America's Hidden History | Black History Month

Watch America's Hidden History | Black History Month
February 2, 2018
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Black History Month

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  • - MODERN HISTORIANS HAVE REVISED, REWRITTEN, AND
  • 00:00:02.000 --> 00:00:04.220
  • EVEN DELETED ENTIRE CHAPTERS OF AMERICAN HISTORY.
  • 00:00:04.240 --> 00:00:08.040
  • SO WHAT ARE WE MISSING?
  • 00:00:08.060 --> 00:00:10.130
  • WHAT HAPPENED TO THE HISTORY THAT DIDN'T MAKE
  • 00:00:10.150 --> 00:00:12.200
  • THE BOOKS?
  • 00:00:12.220 --> 00:00:14.080
  • JOIN HISTORIAN DAVID BARTON, TIM BARTON, AND
  • 00:00:14.100 --> 00:00:17.050
  • SPECIAL GUESTS HAVE AS THEY UNCOVER THE FACTS
  • 00:00:17.070 --> 00:00:19.280
  • SOME HISTORIANS DON'T WANT YOU TO KNOW.
  • 00:00:20.000 --> 00:00:22.050
  • THIS IS AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:00:22.070 --> 00:00:25.180
  • [ MUSIC]
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  • - TIM BARTON: SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 15,
  • 00:00:29.090 --> 00:00:31.000
  • 1963, BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA.
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  • MORE THAN 100 CHURCH GOERS ARE IN ATTENDANCE
  • 00:00:33.250 --> 00:00:36.030
  • AT 16TH STREET BAPTIST CHURCH.
  • 00:00:36.050 --> 00:00:38.030
  • THE CHOIR IS GETTING READY TO SING.
  • 00:00:38.050 --> 00:00:39.250
  • THE PASTOR IS GETTING READY TO DELIVER HIS
  • 00:00:39.270 --> 00:00:42.070
  • SERMON, A LOVE THAT FORGIVES.
  • 00:00:42.090 --> 00:00:44.070
  • AT 10: 23 A.M. A BOMB WENT OFF DEVASTATING THE CHURCH
  • 00:00:44.090 --> 00:00:48.180
  • AND KILLING FOUR YOUNG GIRLS.
  • 00:00:48.200 --> 00:00:51.040
  • MOTIVATED BY RACIAL HATRED, THIS HORRIFYING
  • 00:00:51.060 --> 00:00:54.140
  • ACT SHOOK THE WORLD AND LITERALLY CHANGED THE
  • 00:00:54.160 --> 00:00:56.260
  • COURSE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN AMERICA.
  • 00:00:56.280 --> 00:00:58.290
  • I'M TIM BARTON OF WALL BUILDERS, AND I RECENTLY
  • 00:00:59.010 --> 00:01:01.230
  • HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO GO TO BIRMINGHAM AND VISIT
  • 00:01:01.250 --> 00:01:04.040
  • WITH ONE OF THE SURVIVORS OF THAT BOMBING, AND HE
  • 00:01:04.060 --> 00:01:06.190
  • JOINS US HERE TODAY TO SHARE HIS PIECE OF
  • 00:01:06.210 --> 00:01:09.030
  • LIVING HISTORY.
  • 00:01:09.050 --> 00:01:10.170
  • THIS IS BISHOP JIM LOWE.
  • 00:01:10.190 --> 00:01:12.120
  • [ MUSIC]
  • 00:01:12.140 --> 00:01:21.220
  • - JIM LOWE: I REMEMBER THAT DAY VERY CLEARLY.
  • 00:01:21.240 --> 00:01:23.110
  • I'LL NEVER FORGET THAT DAY.
  • 00:01:23.130 --> 00:01:24.230
  • ITS BEEN ETCHED INTO MY MEMORY BECAUSE I WAS THERE.
  • 00:01:24.250 --> 00:01:29.040
  • I ALMOST DIED THERE.
  • 00:01:29.060 --> 00:01:32.260
  • I'M BISHOP JIM LOWE, BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, AND
  • 00:01:32.280 --> 00:01:35.230
  • I'M HERE TO SHARE WITH YOU SOME OF THE
  • 00:01:35.250 --> 00:01:37.150
  • EXPERIENCES AND THINGS THAT I ENCOUNTERED IN
  • 00:01:37.170 --> 00:01:40.190
  • 1963, THINGS THAT HAPPENED HERE IN
  • 00:01:40.210 --> 00:01:43.120
  • BIRMINGHAM THAT WERE VERY VERY CRITICAL IN THE
  • 00:01:43.140 --> 00:01:47.250
  • DIRECTION THIS NATION HAS TAKEN, THE DIRECTION THIS
  • 00:01:47.270 --> 00:01:51.200
  • NATION HAS TAKEN REGARDING CIVIL RIGHTS
  • 00:01:51.220 --> 00:01:54.030
  • AND FREEDOMS OF AFRICAN AMERICANS.
  • 00:01:54.050 --> 00:01:56.270
  • WE'D GOTTEN UP IN THE MORNING, MY TWO SISTERS,
  • 00:01:56.290 --> 00:02:00.160
  • AND MY MOTHER ALWAYS DRESSED US UP IN
  • 00:02:00.180 --> 00:02:02.080
  • OUR BEST ATTIRE.
  • 00:02:02.100 --> 00:02:06.190
  • WE WERE GOING TO CHURCH.
  • 00:02:06.210 --> 00:02:07.250
  • YOU KNOW, THE OLD STATEMENT ABOUT
  • 00:02:07.270 --> 00:02:09.250
  • SUNDAY-GO-TO-MEETING CLOTHES.
  • 00:02:09.270 --> 00:02:11.120
  • THAT DAY, MOM AND DAD WERE GOING TO COME ALONG
  • 00:02:11.140 --> 00:02:13.170
  • LATER, SO THEY DROPPED US OFF FOR SUNDAY SCHOOL.
  • 00:02:13.190 --> 00:02:17.080
  • I GUESS COMING BACK HERE AND LOOKING OVER THESE
  • 00:02:17.100 --> 00:02:20.060
  • THINGS IT KIND OF BRINGS BACK MEMORIES.
  • 00:02:20.080 --> 00:02:23.200
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:02:23.220 --> 00:02:25.080
  • - YOU KNOW, THINGS ABOUT WHAT IT WAS LIKE THEN.
  • 00:02:25.100 --> 00:02:28.230
  • THOUGH I CONTINUED ON IN THE CHURCH, A FEW YEARS,
  • 00:02:28.250 --> 00:02:34.100
  • I MEAN SEVERAL YEARS AFTER THE BOMBING,
  • 00:02:34.120 --> 00:02:38.070
  • THERE'S SOME THINGS I JUST DIDN'T DO, AND I
  • 00:02:38.090 --> 00:02:40.160
  • DIDN'T -- I HADN'T BEEN BACK IN THE LOWER PORTION
  • 00:02:40.180 --> 00:02:47.010
  • OF THIS BUILDING FOR OVER 50 YEARS.
  • 00:02:47.030 --> 00:02:50.190
  • - WOW.
  • 00:02:50.210 --> 00:02:52.020
  • - I MEAN, I'VE COME TO THINGS IN THE UPPER PART,
  • 00:02:52.040 --> 00:02:55.190
  • BUT I NEVER REVISITED THAT I CAN REMEMBER THAT ROOM.
  • 00:02:55.210 --> 00:03:01.190
  • - SO WHERE YOU WENT TO SUNDAY SCHOOL, WHERE YOU
  • 00:03:01.210 --> 00:03:03.030
  • WERE THE DAY OF THE BOMBING YOU HAVEN'T BEEN
  • 00:03:03.050 --> 00:03:06.060
  • BACK IN 50-SOMETHING YEARS?
  • 00:03:06.080 --> 00:03:07.140
  • - NO.
  • 00:03:07.160 --> 00:03:09.000
  • [ MUSIC]
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  • - SOME THINGS ARE COMING BACK TO ME NOW.
  • 00:03:19.220 --> 00:03:21.100
  • [ INDISTINCT ] THIS WAS THE WAY GOING UPSTAIRS HERE.
  • 00:03:21.120 --> 00:03:24.240
  • THAT WAS A SMALL AREA THERE.
  • 00:03:24.260 --> 00:03:26.200
  • LIKE SAID THIS WAS THE LIBRARY, AND THIS IS THE
  • 00:03:26.220 --> 00:03:30.110
  • ROOM THAT I CAME OUT OF.
  • 00:03:30.130 --> 00:03:32.020
  • - SO THIS IS WHERE THE SUNDAY SCHOOL CLASS WAS?
  • 00:03:32.040 --> 00:03:33.160
  • - IN THAT CLASS THAT DAY WE WERE TALKING ABOUT
  • 00:03:33.180 --> 00:03:35.180
  • LOVE, AND WE TOOK OUR LITTLE FLAGS THAT WE HAD
  • 00:03:35.200 --> 00:03:38.010
  • AT THE BIBLE STUDY, AT THE SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON,
  • 00:03:38.030 --> 00:03:44.010
  • AND WE WERE MARCHING AROUND A DESK, AND WE ALL
  • 00:03:44.030 --> 00:03:46.170
  • WENT TO OUR INDIVIDUAL CLASSES.
  • 00:03:46.190 --> 00:03:48.250
  • I REMEMBER THE TABLE THAT WE SAT AT WAS RIGHT HERE.
  • 00:03:48.270 --> 00:03:52.170
  • THOUGH I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND MUCH OF WHAT
  • 00:03:52.190 --> 00:03:53.280
  • IT WAS, THE CHURCH HAD BEEN USED AT THAT TIME BY
  • 00:03:54.000 --> 00:03:56.010
  • DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER KING, REVEREND SHUTTLESWORTH,
  • 00:03:56.030 --> 00:03:58.170
  • HAD BEEN USED FOR THE CIVIL RIGHTS STRUGGLE.
  • 00:03:58.190 --> 00:04:01.020
  • - DORIS GARY: MY NAME IS DORIS GARY, AND I WAS BORN HERE IN
  • 00:04:01.040 --> 00:04:06.090
  • BIRMINGHAM, AND I ATTENDED THE BETHEL
  • 00:04:06.110 --> 00:04:10.180
  • BAPTIST CHURCH IN COLLEGEVILLE THAT THE REVEREND FRED
  • 00:04:10.200 --> 00:04:14.200
  • SHUTTLESWORTH PASTORED.
  • 00:04:14.220 --> 00:04:17.060
  • - YOU KNOW, THERE ARE MANY PEOPLE THAT WERE
  • 00:04:17.080 --> 00:04:20.050
  • CALLED FOOT SOLDIERS THAT WERE INVOLVED IN THE
  • 00:04:20.070 --> 00:04:23.060
  • MOVEMENT AT THAT TIME, AND THERE ARE MANY OF
  • 00:04:23.080 --> 00:04:25.140
  • THEM, TOO NUMEROUS FOR ME TO NAME.
  • 00:04:25.160 --> 00:04:29.010
  • [ MUSIC]
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  • ONE OF THE WOMEN THAT WAS INVOLVED WITH THE
  • 00:04:32.120 --> 00:04:35.000
  • FOUNDING OF THE MOVEMENT IN THE 50'S AND WITH
  • 00:04:35.020 --> 00:04:39.160
  • REVEREND SHUTTLESWORTH WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR
  • 00:04:39.180 --> 00:04:42.150
  • BRINGING MARTIN LUTHER KING HERE TO TOWN, SHE IS
  • 00:04:42.170 --> 00:04:45.030
  • ONE WHO HAS A FIRSTHAND EXPERIENCE OF THE EVENTS.
  • 00:04:45.050 --> 00:04:50.070
  • AGAIN, I WAS 11.
  • 00:04:50.090 --> 00:04:51.230
  • SHE WAS A YOUNG WOMAN AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:04:51.250 --> 00:04:53.270
  • SHE ACTED AS REVEREND SHUTTLESWORTH'S SECRETARY,
  • 00:04:53.290 --> 00:04:57.160
  • SO SHE KNEW THE INS AND OUTS.
  • 00:04:57.180 --> 00:04:59.080
  • [SINGING]
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  • HE CAN TURN THIS AROUND BECAUSE WE'RE MARCHING
  • 00:05:02.200 --> 00:05:05.120
  • ON TO FREEDOM LAND...
  • 00:05:05.140 --> 00:05:09.100
  • BACK THEN THE CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT WAS NOT FORMED
  • 00:05:09.120 --> 00:05:11.210
  • IN NOBODY'S HOUSE OR AT A COMMUNITY CENTER.
  • 00:05:11.230 --> 00:05:16.260
  • IT WAS FORMED IN THE CHURCH FROM A PREACHER
  • 00:05:16.280 --> 00:05:22.060
  • THAT BELIEVED IN THE LORD, AND HE TRANSFERRED
  • 00:05:22.080 --> 00:05:26.200
  • THOSE BELIEFS AND TRAINING TO THE
  • 00:05:26.220 --> 00:05:30.080
  • PARTICIPANTS OF THE MOVEMENT.
  • 00:05:30.100 --> 00:05:32.030
  • - SO WHERE WAS THE EXPLOSION?
  • 00:05:32.050 --> 00:05:34.060
  • IF YOU'RE IN HERE, WHERE WAS THE EXPLOSION?
  • 00:05:34.080 --> 00:05:37.150
  • - ALL THE SUDDEN THERE WAS A LOUD NOISE, AND
  • 00:05:37.170 --> 00:05:39.030
  • THIS -- IT WAS AS IF GLASS CAME -- GLASS CAME FROM THE
  • 00:05:39.050 --> 00:05:49.040
  • SIDE, AND I TURNED THIS WAY.
  • 00:05:49.060 --> 00:05:51.150
  • DIDN'T KNOW WHY.
  • 00:05:51.170 --> 00:05:52.220
  • I GUESS IT WAS JUST INSTINCTIVELY I DID THAT,
  • 00:05:52.240 --> 00:05:54.210
  • AND I FELL DOWN.
  • 00:05:54.230 --> 00:05:56.040
  • AND THE OTHER KIDS THAT WERE IN THERE WE ALL HIT
  • 00:05:56.060 --> 00:05:59.280
  • THE FLOOR, DIDN'T KNOW WHAT WAS GOING ON.
  • 00:06:00.020 --> 00:06:02.200
  • I REMEMBER LOOKING UP, AND THERE WAS DUST
  • 00:06:02.220 --> 00:06:07.060
  • EVERYWHERE, LIKE A CLOUD OF DUST, AND THERE
  • 00:06:07.080 --> 00:06:09.230
  • WAS SCREAMING.
  • 00:06:09.250 --> 00:06:11.190
  • THE WOMEN YELLING AND CONFUSION, A GREAT DEAL
  • 00:06:11.210 --> 00:06:14.200
  • OF CONFUSION.
  • 00:06:14.220 --> 00:06:16.000
  • BUT THERE WAS A LOT OF DEBRIS.
  • 00:06:16.020 --> 00:06:19.020
  • ONLY THAT WAS ALSO THE AREA WHERE THE FOUR GIRLS
  • 00:06:19.040 --> 00:06:22.260
  • WERE KILLED.
  • 00:06:22.280 --> 00:06:24.180
  • I KNEW THEM, ESPECIALLY DENISE.
  • 00:06:24.200 --> 00:06:27.260
  • DENISE WAS AROUND MY AGE.
  • 00:06:27.280 --> 00:06:29.090
  • SHE WAS JUST A LITTLE BIT OLDER.
  • 00:06:29.110 --> 00:06:31.070
  • DENISE WAS ONE THAT I THOUGHT WAS CUTE.
  • 00:06:31.090 --> 00:06:35.010
  • I LIKED HER, AND -BUT I DIDN'T KNOW WHAT HAPPENED
  • 00:06:35.030 --> 00:06:39.050
  • AT THAT POINT.
  • 00:06:39.070 --> 00:06:41.220
  • THE SCREAMS OF MY MOM LISTENING TO THE NEWS, I
  • 00:06:41.240 --> 00:06:46.080
  • HAD NO IDEA WHAT IT WAS AT THAT TIME, BUT IT WAS
  • 00:06:46.100 --> 00:06:49.180
  • THE SCREAMS OF FINDING OUT THAT THOSE
  • 00:06:49.200 --> 00:06:54.070
  • GIRLS WERE DEAD.
  • 00:06:54.090 --> 00:06:57.290
  • YOU SEE, THAT'S WHEN RACIAL HATRED CAME
  • 00:06:58.010 --> 00:07:02.170
  • TO MY CHURCH.
  • 00:07:02.190 --> 00:07:05.010
  • THAT'S WHEN BIGOTRY AND HATRED AND MURDER CAME TO
  • 00:07:05.030 --> 00:07:09.250
  • MY CHURCH.
  • 00:07:09.270 --> 00:07:11.080
  • WE WERE IN CHURCH LEARNING ABOUT LOVE, AND
  • 00:07:11.100 --> 00:07:15.180
  • INSTEAD OF LOVE WE SAW HATE IN ITS GREAT DEGREE.
  • 00:07:15.200 --> 00:07:20.200
  • A LOVE THAT FORGIVES, A LOVE THAT FORGIVES, THE
  • 00:07:20.220 --> 00:07:23.160
  • TYPE OF LOVE OF CHRIST TO FORGIVE NO MATTER WHAT
  • 00:07:23.180 --> 00:07:28.150
  • PEOPLE DID TO HIM.
  • 00:07:28.170 --> 00:07:31.200
  • [ SOBS ] [ INDISTINCT ]
  • 00:07:31.220 --> 00:07:42.030
  • - IT AFFECTED THE WHOLE CITY WHEN THEY BOMBED THOSE GIRLS,
  • 00:07:42.050 --> 00:07:44.200
  • AND I THINK IT WAS A FEELING OF I DON'T KNOW WHETHER IT WAS
  • 00:07:44.220 --> 00:07:53.020
  • SYMPATHY OR EMPATHY THAT PEOPLE HAD TO
  • 00:07:53.040 --> 00:07:58.130
  • KNOW THAT SOME WHITE PEOPLE WOULD TAKE THE LIVES OF
  • 00:07:58.150 --> 00:08:02.200
  • INNOCENT CHILDREN THAT'S ATTENDING SUNDAY SCHOOL,
  • 00:08:02.220 --> 00:08:07.200
  • AND FOLKS THAT WAS NOT WHAT YOU CALLED IN THE
  • 00:08:07.220 --> 00:08:10.250
  • MOVEMENT THEY CAME A PART OF THE MOVEMENT THEN.
  • 00:08:10.270 --> 00:08:14.250
  • IT WAS A TURNING POINT.
  • 00:08:14.270 --> 00:08:16.250
  • - AND THEN WITH THE BOMBING, I THINK IT
  • 00:08:16.270 --> 00:08:19.020
  • BECAME THAT WHICH WAS A CATALYST FOR THE NATION
  • 00:08:19.040 --> 00:08:21.280
  • TO WAKE UP.
  • 00:08:22.000 --> 00:08:23.200
  • THE FIRE HYDRANTS, THE DOGS, I THINK THE WHOLE
  • 00:08:23.220 --> 00:08:26.220
  • WORLD WOKE UP NOT BECAUSE WE RIOTED, NOT BECAUSE OF
  • 00:08:26.240 --> 00:08:31.210
  • RIOTS BUT BECAUSE OF A GENERAL SPIRIT THAT
  • 00:08:31.230 --> 00:08:37.220
  • OVERWHELMED I GUESS YOU WOULD SAY A GOLIATH THAT
  • 00:08:37.240 --> 00:08:43.240
  • DID IT IN THAT MANNER, AND I THINK IT BROUGHT
  • 00:08:43.260 --> 00:08:47.190
  • THE NATION TO ITS SENSES.
  • 00:08:47.210 --> 00:08:52.220
  • - REFRAIN FROM THE VIOLENCE OF FISTS,
  • 00:08:52.240 --> 00:08:53.110
  • TONGUE, OR HEART.
  • 00:08:53.130 --> 00:08:54.220
  • YOU HAD TO SIGN.
  • 00:08:54.240 --> 00:08:58.220
  • WE CAN'T WIN THIS WAR WITH AMMUNITION.
  • 00:08:58.240 --> 00:09:01.180
  • WE AIN'T GOT ENOUGH.
  • 00:09:01.200 --> 00:09:03.070
  • IT GOT TO BE PRAYER AND THE TRUST IN GOD TO WIN.
  • 00:09:03.090 --> 00:09:09.010
  • WE GOT TO HAVE ANOTHER METHOD TO ACCOMPLISH
  • 00:09:09.030 --> 00:09:11.240
  • THIS MISSION.
  • 00:09:11.260 --> 00:09:13.120
  • - THIS IS MY HOME, AND THIS IS WHERE MUCH OF THE
  • 00:09:13.140 --> 00:09:17.190
  • CIVIL RIGHTS STRUGGLE WAS FOUGHT.
  • 00:09:17.210 --> 00:09:21.240
  • IT BROUGHT ABOUT CHANGES THAT THIS NATION SEES TODAY.
  • 00:09:21.260 --> 00:09:25.130
  • I BELIEVE STILL TODAY BIRMINGHAM HAS A LOT TO
  • 00:09:25.150 --> 00:09:29.160
  • DO TO BRING HEALING TO THIS NATION.
  • 00:09:29.180 --> 00:09:32.090
  • IT WAS A CITY OF VIOLENCE IN 1963, A CITY OF
  • 00:09:32.110 --> 00:09:36.070
  • VIOLENCE AND SEGREGATION AND RACIAL HATRED
  • 00:09:36.090 --> 00:09:40.160
  • THROUGHOUT THE YEARS, BUT I BELIEVE THAT THIS CITY
  • 00:09:40.180 --> 00:09:44.070
  • ALSO IS A CITY THAT WILL ALSO TEACH THE WORLD HOW
  • 00:09:44.090 --> 00:09:47.250
  • TO LOVE, AND FROM THOSE THAT WERE ONCE AT ODDS
  • 00:09:47.270 --> 00:09:52.210
  • WITH ONE ANOTHER, I BELIEVE WE CAN SEE A
  • 00:09:52.230 --> 00:09:54.270
  • UNITY THAT CAN BRING PEOPLE TOGETHER.
  • 00:09:54.290 --> 00:09:57.250
  • [ MUSIC]
  • 00:09:57.270 --> 00:10:02.170
  • [ APPLAUSE]
  • 00:10:02.190 --> 00:10:08.280
  • - I WANT TO WELCOME THE AUDIENCE AND THE VIEWERS TODAY.
  • 00:10:09.000 --> 00:10:11.060
  • WE ARE GRATEFUL YOU ARE WATCHING US.
  • 00:10:11.080 --> 00:10:12.150
  • WE'RE HERE ON SET WITH BISHOP JIM LOWE, WITH
  • 00:10:12.170 --> 00:10:14.260
  • MY FATHER, DAVID BARTON.
  • 00:10:14.280 --> 00:10:17.080
  • BISHOP, AS WE JUST WATCHED THIS, I'M JUST
  • 00:10:17.100 --> 00:10:19.040
  • CURIOUS, AND WITH OUR LIVE AUDIENCE, WE'RE GLAD
  • 00:10:19.060 --> 00:10:21.010
  • YOU'RE HERE, TOO, BUT I'M CURIOUS HOW MANY OF YOU
  • 00:10:21.030 --> 00:10:23.060
  • KNEW THERE WERE BOMBINGS IN THE CIVIL RIGHTS
  • 00:10:23.080 --> 00:10:27.040
  • TARGETING CHURCHES, TARGETING HOMES
  • 00:10:27.060 --> 00:10:28.140
  • AS YOU'VE SHARED?
  • 00:10:28.160 --> 00:10:30.040
  • HOW MANY OF YOU KNEW THOSE BOMBINGS OCCURRED?
  • 00:10:30.060 --> 00:10:33.100
  • THAT'S INTERESTING BECAUSE IT'S NOT IN VERY
  • 00:10:33.120 --> 00:10:35.120
  • MANY HISTORY BOOKS.
  • 00:10:35.140 --> 00:10:38.140
  • SO WHAT ARE WE MISSING NOT KNOWING ABOUT THIS?
  • 00:10:38.160 --> 00:10:40.290
  • BECAUSE HONESTLY, UNTIL, BISHOP, I MET YOU, I
  • 00:10:41.010 --> 00:10:43.220
  • HADN'T HEARD HARDLY ANYTHING ABOUT BOMBINGS
  • 00:10:43.240 --> 00:10:46.190
  • HAPPENING IN BIRMINGHAM.
  • 00:10:46.210 --> 00:10:48.050
  • BUT THIS WAS SOMETHING THAT LITERALLY SHOOK THE
  • 00:10:48.070 --> 00:10:50.110
  • WORLD AND CHANGED THE WHOLE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT.
  • 00:10:50.130 --> 00:10:52.140
  • - THE BOMBINGS TO US WERE COMMONPLACE.
  • 00:10:52.160 --> 00:10:55.250
  • I MEAN, MY EARLY CHILDHOOD I CAN REMEMBER
  • 00:10:55.270 --> 00:10:59.030
  • HEARING EXPLOSIONS THAT WOULD HAPPEN IN VARIOUS
  • 00:10:59.050 --> 00:11:01.280
  • PLACES, AND I REMEMBER MY MOM AND DAD TALKING ABOUT
  • 00:11:02.000 --> 00:11:04.120
  • WELL, WHERE WAS THIS AND WHAT HAPPENED?
  • 00:11:04.140 --> 00:11:06.290
  • I HOPE THIS WASN'T THIS PERSON'S HOME OR THIS
  • 00:11:07.010 --> 00:11:09.100
  • PERSON'S HOUSE.
  • 00:11:09.120 --> 00:11:10.240
  • THERE WERE NEIGHBORHOODS THAT BLACK PEOPLE WEREN'T
  • 00:11:10.260 --> 00:11:13.140
  • SUPPOSED TO LIVE IN, AND BECAUSE WE GOT CLOSE TO
  • 00:11:13.160 --> 00:11:16.080
  • WHERE WHITE PEOPLE LIVED, THEY WOULD BOMB THOSE HOMES.
  • 00:11:16.100 --> 00:11:18.290
  • COMMON OCCURRENCE.
  • 00:11:19.010 --> 00:11:20.110
  • CHURCHES WERE BOMBED ALL THROUGHOUT THE 50'S AND
  • 00:11:20.130 --> 00:11:22.240
  • 60'S, AND IT WAS A THING THAT YOU GOT USED TO IT.
  • 00:11:22.260 --> 00:11:25.220
  • YOU'D HEAR A BOMB, WELL, THERE'S ANOTHER BOMBING.
  • 00:11:25.240 --> 00:11:27.190
  • AND IT WAS A COMMON THING.
  • 00:11:27.210 --> 00:11:30.090
  • - AND IN THE MIDST OF ALL THESE BOMBS, THE
  • 00:11:30.110 --> 00:11:32.270
  • SUNDAY MORNING SERVICES THE PASTOR'S MESSAGE WAS
  • 00:11:32.290 --> 00:11:36.090
  • A LOVE THAT FORGIVES.
  • 00:11:36.110 --> 00:11:38.260
  • - YOU WOULDN'T EXPECT A BOMBING TO OCCUR DURING A
  • 00:11:38.280 --> 00:11:42.200
  • CHURCH SERVICE.
  • 00:11:42.220 --> 00:11:44.030
  • WE HEARD -THEY ALL OCCURRED AT NIGHT, YOU KNOW.
  • 00:11:44.050 --> 00:11:50.250
  • THEY DIDN'T HAPPEN LIKE DURING THE DAYTIME, BUT
  • 00:11:50.270 --> 00:11:53.090
  • THIS WAS TOTALLY, TOTALLY DIFFERENT.
  • 00:11:53.110 --> 00:11:55.220
  • IT WAS DONE DURING A SUNDAY SCHOOL CLASS WHERE
  • 00:11:55.240 --> 00:11:57.250
  • YOUNG PEOPLE, JUST CHILDREN WERE.
  • 00:11:57.270 --> 00:11:59.280
  • AND I DON'T KNOW -- THE PERSON THAT DID IT
  • 00:12:00.020 --> 00:12:03.010
  • CLAIMED THAT HE WAS NOT TRYING TO GET IT TO GO
  • 00:12:03.030 --> 00:12:06.010
  • OFF AT THAT TIME, BUT IT DID GO OFF AT THAT TIME,
  • 00:12:06.030 --> 00:12:09.100
  • AND THERE WERE CHILDREN THAT HAD BEEN IN THE
  • 00:12:09.120 --> 00:12:11.150
  • MARCHES UP UNTIL THAT POINT, AND THEY WERE
  • 00:12:11.170 --> 00:12:13.110
  • MARCH, AND THAT'S WHAT CHANGED PEOPLE'S MIND,
  • 00:12:13.130 --> 00:12:15.210
  • WHEN THEY SAW KIDS 10, 11 YEARS OLDS, 13 YEARS OLD,
  • 00:12:15.230 --> 00:12:19.120
  • FIRE HOSES BEING TURNED ON THEM, DOGS ATTACKING THEM.
  • 00:12:19.140 --> 00:12:23.110
  • AND FIRE HOSES THAT HAD ENOUGH FORCE TO THROW
  • 00:12:23.130 --> 00:12:26.140
  • THEM TO THE GROUND, RUN THEM INTO WALLS AND
  • 00:12:26.160 --> 00:12:28.210
  • THINGS, AND THEY GOT SCARRED UP WITH THAT.
  • 00:12:28.230 --> 00:12:30.140
  • AND SO MAYBE THE GUY PUT THE BOMB THERE IN ORDER
  • 00:12:30.160 --> 00:12:32.250
  • TO HURT THE CHILDREN.
  • 00:12:32.270 --> 00:12:34.120
  • HE CLAIMED HE DIDN'T DO IT, BUT WHO KNOWS WHAT
  • 00:12:34.140 --> 00:12:36.070
  • THE MESSAGE WAS, BUT FOUR GIRLS DIED THAT DAY.
  • 00:12:36.090 --> 00:12:39.140
  • FOUR INNOCENT GIRLS THAT WERE NOT EVEN IN THE
  • 00:12:39.160 --> 00:12:42.230
  • MARCHES, THEY WERE IN SUNDAY SCHOOL TRYING TO
  • 00:12:42.250 --> 00:12:45.280
  • WORSHIP AND WORSHIP PLACE WAS NOT PLACE FROM THE
  • 00:12:46.000 --> 00:12:49.110
  • VIOLENCE THAT THESE PEOPLE PERPETRATED.
  • 00:12:49.130 --> 00:12:51.260
  • - BUT FROM THEIR LIVES THE ENTIRE CULTURE SHIFTED.
  • 00:12:51.280 --> 00:12:59.100
  • - YES.
  • 00:12:59.120 --> 00:13:00.260
  • - BECAUSE TO THAT POINT THE PRESIDENT HADN'T EVEN
  • 00:13:00.280 --> 00:13:02.280
  • BEEN SUPPORTIVE OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND WHAT WAS
  • 00:13:03.000 --> 00:13:06.010
  • HAPPENING IN THE BLACK COMMUNITY, BUT DIDN'T
  • 00:13:06.030 --> 00:13:07.260
  • THAT REALLY SEEM TO SHIFT THE DEBATE?
  • 00:13:07.280 --> 00:13:09.110
  • - IT CHANGED THINGS, WHEN THE NATION LOOKED AT
  • 00:13:09.130 --> 00:13:12.240
  • THE ATROCITIES -- THESE PEOPLE HAD BEEN DOING
  • 00:13:12.260 --> 00:13:14.180
  • THIS STUFF FOR A LONG TIME.
  • 00:13:14.200 --> 00:13:16.070
  • THEY'D BEEN LYNCHING PEOPLE, THEY'D BEEN
  • 00:13:16.090 --> 00:13:17.150
  • KILLING BLACKS AND THINGS WERE GOING ON FOR A LONG
  • 00:13:17.170 --> 00:13:20.220
  • TIME, AND NOBODY SEEMED TO CARE, BUT IT TOOK THE
  • 00:13:20.240 --> 00:13:23.010
  • DEATH OF THOSE FOUR GIRLS TO GET THE WORLD TO PAY ATTENTION.
  • 00:13:23.030 --> 00:13:27.260
  • THIS WAS A NON-VIOLENT MOVEMENT.
  • 00:13:27.280 --> 00:13:29.210
  • IT WAS ABOUT LOVE.
  • 00:13:29.230 --> 00:13:31.040
  • IT WASN'T ABOUT WE WANT OUR RIGHTS SO WE'RE GOING
  • 00:13:31.060 --> 00:13:33.150
  • TO TAKE OUR RIGHTS.
  • 00:13:33.170 --> 00:13:34.240
  • IT WAS ABOUT WE DESERVE THE RIGHTS TO BE TREATED
  • 00:13:34.260 --> 00:13:37.210
  • AS HUMAN BEINGS, AND WE WERE TAUGHT IT WAS ABOUT LOVE.
  • 00:13:37.230 --> 00:13:41.160
  • IT WAS NOT ABOUT HATRED, AND THAT'S WHERE THE
  • 00:13:41.180 --> 00:13:44.260
  • POWER THAT CAME WAS THAT MARTIN LUTHER KING HE
  • 00:13:44.280 --> 00:13:47.180
  • RECEIVED THE PEACE PRIZE, THE PEACE PRIZE, AND THEN
  • 00:13:47.200 --> 00:13:51.060
  • THERE WERE OTHER MEMBERS OF THAT MOVEMENT WHO HAD
  • 00:13:51.080 --> 00:13:53.230
  • TAKEN SO MUCH ABUSE, BUT THEY RESPONDED
  • 00:13:53.250 --> 00:13:55.250
  • WITH CHRISTIANITY.
  • 00:13:55.270 --> 00:13:57.220
  • THE TRUTH FAITH OF CHRISTIANITY, NOT THE
  • 00:13:57.240 --> 00:14:00.090
  • FAITH OF CHRISTIANITY THAT IS TAUGHT SOMETIMES
  • 00:14:00.110 --> 00:14:03.120
  • TODAY IN MANY OF OUR CHURCHES, BUT IT WAS A
  • 00:14:03.140 --> 00:14:05.010
  • FUNDAMENTAL TRUTH THAT GOD IS LOVE, AND LOVE
  • 00:14:05.030 --> 00:14:08.070
  • ALWAYS REIGNS, AND LOVE PROVED ITSELF BY
  • 00:14:08.090 --> 00:14:11.230
  • ACCEPTING ALL OF THE ATROCITIES THAT HAPPENED.
  • 00:14:11.250 --> 00:14:15.100
  • THAT LOVE OVERWHELMED.
  • 00:14:15.120 --> 00:14:17.150
  • THAT'S THE LOVE OF CHRIST.
  • 00:14:17.170 --> 00:14:18.240
  • - DAVID BARTON: I MEAN, THEY WERE SO SERIOUS
  • 00:14:18.260 --> 00:14:20.040
  • ABOUT IT THAT ALVEDA KING WHO IS THE NIECE OF
  • 00:14:20.060 --> 00:14:23.040
  • DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER KING THEY LEFT HER IN JAIL ONE
  • 00:14:23.060 --> 00:14:26.090
  • TIME BECAUSE SHE BROKE ONE OF THE COMMANDMENTS,
  • 00:14:26.110 --> 00:14:29.000
  • AND THAT'S -- DOCTOR KING AND SAID NO, NO, NO.
  • 00:14:29.020 --> 00:14:31.240
  • THIS IS HOW WE DO IT.
  • 00:14:31.260 --> 00:14:33.100
  • AND THAT SPIRITUAL EMPHASIS, I KNOW I'VE
  • 00:14:33.120 --> 00:14:36.120
  • BEEN APPOINTED IN A NUMBER OF STATES TO WRITE
  • 00:14:36.140 --> 00:14:38.250
  • THEIR HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT STANDARDS, AND
  • 00:14:38.270 --> 00:14:40.110
  • IN ONE OF THE STATES AS WE GOT TO THE CIVIL
  • 00:14:40.130 --> 00:14:42.190
  • RIGHTS MOVEMENT THEY WERE COVERING AS THEY SHOULD
  • 00:14:42.210 --> 00:14:44.160
  • DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER KING, AND SAID, WAIT A MINUTE.
  • 00:14:44.180 --> 00:14:48.020
  • LET'S MAKE SURE WE TELL THE KIDS THAT HE'S THE
  • 00:14:48.040 --> 00:14:49.240
  • REVEREND DOCTOR MARTIN LUTHER KING.
  • 00:14:49.260 --> 00:14:51.180
  • OH, NO. YOU CAN'T SAY THAT.
  • 00:14:51.200 --> 00:14:53.110
  • WASN'T HE A PREACHER?
  • 00:14:53.130 --> 00:14:55.060
  • YEAH, BUT YOU CAN'T SAY THAT.
  • 00:14:55.080 --> 00:14:56.060
  • WAIT A MINUTE.
  • 00:14:56.080 --> 00:14:57.130
  • YOU JUST HAD THE KIDS READ THE LETTER FROM THE
  • 00:14:57.150 --> 00:14:59.090
  • BIRMINGHAM JAIL WHERE IT'S A PASTOR WRITING TO
  • 00:14:59.110 --> 00:15:01.250
  • OTHER PASTORS SAYING, WHAT ARE YOU DOING
  • 00:15:01.270 --> 00:15:03.290
  • OUT OF JAIL?
  • 00:15:04.010 --> 00:15:05.240
  • YOU SHOULD BE IN HERE IN JAIL STANDING FOR STUFF.
  • 00:15:05.260 --> 00:15:07.000
  • YOU'RE NOT GOING TO TELL THEM IT WAS A PASTOR
  • 00:15:07.020 --> 00:15:08.010
  • WRITING THAT?
  • 00:15:08.030 --> 00:15:08.280
  • NO, NO, WE CAN'T.
  • 00:15:09.000 --> 00:15:10.060
  • AND TODAY THE WAY WE PORTRAY EVEN WHAT WENT ON
  • 00:15:10.080 --> 00:15:12.200
  • NOTHING ABOUT THE SPIRIT OF SIDE OF IT, NOTHING
  • 00:15:12.220 --> 00:15:15.080
  • ABOUT I THE NON-VIOLENT SIDE OF IT, NOTHING
  • 00:15:15.100 --> 00:15:17.020
  • ABOUT THE LOVE.
  • 00:15:17.040 --> 00:15:18.030
  • IT'S JUST NOT THERE.
  • 00:15:18.050 --> 00:15:19.210
  • - BUT THE ONLY WAY YOU GET VICTORY, VICTORY
  • 00:15:19.230 --> 00:15:22.110
  • COMES THROUGH THE POWER OF GOD BECAUSE GOD IS THE
  • 00:15:22.130 --> 00:15:25.250
  • ONE THAT SETS UP AND DISPOSES KINGS.
  • 00:15:25.270 --> 00:15:28.280
  • GOD IS THE ONE THAT CONTROLS THE DESTINY OF
  • 00:15:29.000 --> 00:15:31.240
  • NATIONS, BUT GOD CANNOT BE BROUGHT OUT THROUGH
  • 00:15:31.260 --> 00:15:36.010
  • VIOLENCE AND METHODS THAT ARE NOT OF GOD.
  • 00:15:36.030 --> 00:15:38.000
  • - THAT'S RIGHT IS.
  • 00:15:38.020 --> 00:15:39.150
  • - YOU NEVER GET VICTORY [ APPLAUSE ] UNLESS GOD
  • 00:15:39.170 --> 00:15:42.060
  • IS A PART OF IT.
  • 00:15:42.080 --> 00:15:44.090
  • - SO ONE OF THE INTERESTING THINGS ABOUT
  • 00:15:44.110 --> 00:15:46.020
  • THIS, THINKING ABOUT THE WHOLE SCENARIO, THE 16TH
  • 00:15:46.040 --> 00:15:48.260
  • STREET CHURCH BOMBING, WHEN THOSE GIRLS LOST
  • 00:15:48.280 --> 00:15:52.220
  • THEIR LIVES, THIS DID CHANGE THE POSITION FROM
  • 00:15:52.240 --> 00:15:55.130
  • PRESIDENT KENNEDY WHO NOW COMES AND SAYS, WAIT A SECOND.
  • 00:15:55.150 --> 00:15:58.150
  • WE NEED TO CHANGE THIS.
  • 00:15:58.170 --> 00:15:59.290
  • AND THEN HE'S ASSASSINATED, BUT NOW THE
  • 00:16:00.030 --> 00:16:02.160
  • NEXT PRESIDENT JOHNSON COMES --
  • 00:16:02.180 --> 00:16:04.110
  • - BUT NOT ONLY DID HE OPPOSE IT, THE CIVIL RIGHTS BILL THAT
  • 00:16:04.130 --> 00:16:06.250
  • EVENTUALLY GOT PASSED, THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS
  • 00:16:06.270 --> 00:16:09.140
  • BILL PASSED AS A RESULT OF WHAT HAPPENED
  • 00:16:09.160 --> 00:16:11.180
  • IN BIRMINGHAMM,
  • 00:16:11.200 --> 00:16:13.180
  • PRESIDENT KENNEDY HAD VOTED AGAINST IT WHEN HE
  • 00:16:13.200 --> 00:16:15.050
  • WAS A U.S. SENATOR.
  • 00:16:15.070 --> 00:16:16.150
  • HE OPPOSED THAT, BUT AFTER WHAT HAPPENED IN
  • 00:16:16.170 --> 00:16:18.060
  • BIRMINGHAM AS PRESIDENT HE PICKED UP THAT 1957
  • 00:16:18.080 --> 00:16:21.150
  • BILL WRITTEN BY PRESIDENT EISENHOWER AND SAID HEY,
  • 00:16:21.170 --> 00:16:24.080
  • WE NEED TO PASS THAT.
  • 00:16:24.100 --> 00:16:25.210
  • HE WAS ASSASSINATED IN DALLAS, AND THEN LBJ
  • 00:16:25.230 --> 00:16:28.140
  • PICKED UP THE BILL AND PUSHED IT ON ACROSS THE
  • 00:16:28.160 --> 00:16:30.090
  • FINISH LINE, BUT HE LITERALLY HAD OPPOSED
  • 00:16:30.110 --> 00:16:32.050
  • WHAT'S IN THAT BILL UNTIL BIRMINGHAM, AND THEN
  • 00:16:32.070 --> 00:16:35.080
  • BIRMINGHAM THERE'S A SWITCH EVEN IN THE
  • 00:16:35.100 --> 00:16:37.000
  • PRESIDENT AT THAT POINT.
  • 00:16:37.020 --> 00:16:38.180
  • - SO THOSE FOUR GIRLS LIVES LITERALLY SHIFTED
  • 00:16:38.200 --> 00:16:42.110
  • THE DIRECTION OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
  • 00:16:42.130 --> 00:16:44.100
  • IN AMERICA.
  • 00:16:44.120 --> 00:16:45.190
  • - OF THIS ENTIRE NATION.
  • 00:16:45.210 --> 00:16:46.290
  • PEOPLE HAVE GOT TO LEARN THAT THE ONLY THING THAT
  • 00:16:47.010 --> 00:16:49.050
  • WORKS IS THAT WE'VE GOT TO BEGIN TO TURN BACK TO
  • 00:16:49.070 --> 00:16:52.000
  • THE DOCTRINE, THE WORD OF JESUS CHRIST.
  • 00:16:52.020 --> 00:16:54.060
  • AND WE'VE GOT TO HAVE RELIGIOUS LEADERS LIKE
  • 00:16:54.080 --> 00:16:55.250
  • DOCTOR KING, RELIGIOUS LEADERS LIKE SHUTTLESWORTH
  • 00:16:55.270 --> 00:16:58.260
  • WHO ARE WILLING TO STAND FOR THE TRUTH EVEN WHEN
  • 00:16:58.280 --> 00:17:01.030
  • THE TRUTH IS NOT POPULAR BECAUSE EVEN TO WHITE
  • 00:17:01.050 --> 00:17:05.120
  • PEOPLE [ APPLAUSE ] AND BLACK PEOPLE IT WAS NOT
  • 00:17:05.140 --> 00:17:09.250
  • THE POPULAR TRUTH THAT BLACK PEOPLE SHOULD GET
  • 00:17:09.270 --> 00:17:11.030
  • THEIR TRUTH, BUT YOU KNOW, IT WAS GOD'S TRUTH.
  • 00:17:11.050 --> 00:17:15.100
  • IT WAS GOD'S TRUTH THAT EVERY HUMAN BEING HAS
  • 00:17:15.120 --> 00:17:17.280
  • DIGNITY, AND EVERY HUMAN BEING IS WORTH SOMETHING,
  • 00:17:18.000 --> 00:17:22.210
  • BUT PREACHERS WOULDN'T PREACH IT, BUT DOCTOR KING WOULD.
  • 00:17:22.230 --> 00:17:26.080
  • REVEREND SHUTTLESWORTH WOULD PREACH IT.
  • 00:17:26.100 --> 00:17:28.120
  • THERE IS ONE GOD, AND WE HAVE TO COME TOGETHER,
  • 00:17:28.140 --> 00:17:32.130
  • AND THE GOD OF LOVE IS THE GOD THAT WE HAVE TO
  • 00:17:32.150 --> 00:17:34.120
  • COME TOGETHER IN.
  • 00:17:34.140 --> 00:17:35.200
  • ANY GOD THAT'S OF VIOLENCE IS ONLY GOING TO
  • 00:17:35.220 --> 00:17:37.160
  • CREATE MORE VIOLENCE.
  • 00:17:37.180 --> 00:17:38.210
  • [ APPLAUSE]
  • 00:17:38.230 --> 00:17:41.000
  • MORE CHILDREN WILL BE SACRIFICED BECAUSE IF
  • 00:17:41.020 --> 00:17:44.060
  • THERE'S NOT LOVE, THEN THERE'S ONLY HATE.
  • 00:17:44.080 --> 00:17:46.180
  • - YOU QUOTED THE DECLARATION OF
  • 00:17:46.200 --> 00:17:48.050
  • INDEPENDENCE, AND OF COURSE DOCTOR KING STOOD
  • 00:17:48.070 --> 00:17:51.020
  • ON THE MALL AND SAID HEY, WE JUST WANT TO REDEEM
  • 00:17:51.040 --> 00:17:53.260
  • THE PROMISE THAT WAS GIVEN IN THE DECLARATION.
  • 00:17:53.280 --> 00:17:55.120
  • - RIGHT.
  • 00:17:55.140 --> 00:17:56.240
  • - AND TIM, GRAB THAT BOOK ON TOP THERE.
  • 00:17:56.260 --> 00:17:58.270
  • THIS IS A BOOK FROM 1772 THAT WAS USED ALL OVER
  • 00:17:58.290 --> 00:18:03.280
  • AMERICA PRIOR TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, BUT
  • 00:18:04.000 --> 00:18:07.190
  • IT CAME FROM THE 1680'S, AND IT WAS THE REVEREND
  • 00:18:07.210 --> 00:18:11.230
  • JOHN WISE, AND HERE'S A PREACHER IN
  • 00:18:11.250 --> 00:18:16.030
  • MASSACHUSETTS, A WHITE GUY WHOSE EYE PREACHER IN
  • 00:18:16.050 --> 00:18:19.050
  • MASSACHUSETTS.
  • 00:18:19.070 --> 00:18:20.250
  • HE STANDS IN HIS PULPIT, AND HE GIVES A SERMON
  • 00:18:20.270 --> 00:18:22.220
  • THAT SAYS ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL.
  • 00:18:22.240 --> 00:18:24.230
  • THEY'RE ENDOWED BY THEIR CREATOR WITH CERTAIN -- I
  • 00:18:24.250 --> 00:18:26.270
  • MEAN, THE SAME WE HEAR IN THE DECLARATION, AND HE
  • 00:18:26.290 --> 00:18:28.160
  • WAS A HUGE ADVOCATE FOR FULL RACIAL EQUALITY AT A
  • 00:18:28.180 --> 00:18:30.030
  • TIME WHEN THAT WASN'T NECESSARILY POPULAR,
  • 00:18:30.050 --> 00:18:31.260
  • WASN'T THE THING, BUT HE ALSO PREACHED THAT
  • 00:18:31.280 --> 00:18:33.160
  • TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION IS TYRANNY
  • 00:18:33.180 --> 00:18:35.230
  • AND THAT THE BEST GOVERNMENTS CAN SEND THE
  • 00:18:35.250 --> 00:18:37.230
  • GOVERNED, THEY BROUGHT THAT OUT FOUR YEARS -- THAT
  • 00:18:37.250 --> 00:18:39.250
  • PREACHER'S SERMON CAME OUT FOUR YEARS BEFORE THE
  • 00:18:39.270 --> 00:18:42.170
  • DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, AND THAT
  • 00:18:42.190 --> 00:18:44.050
  • LANGUAGE ENDED UP IN THE DECLARATION OF
  • 00:18:44.070 --> 00:18:46.020
  • INDEPENDENCE, SO EVEN WHAT DOCTOR KING WAS
  • 00:18:46.040 --> 00:18:48.270
  • THERE TO REDEEM AND IN THE WAY OF THE PROMISE OF
  • 00:18:48.290 --> 00:18:51.120
  • THE DECLARATION CAME FROM PREACHERS.
  • 00:18:51.140 --> 00:18:53.180
  • I MEAN, THAT WAS GOD'S WORD BEING TAUGHT BACK AT
  • 00:18:53.200 --> 00:18:56.060
  • A TIME WHEN IT REALLY WASN'T POPULAR, BUT
  • 00:18:56.080 --> 00:18:58.190
  • THAT'S WHAT SHAPES SO MUCH OF WHAT WENT
  • 00:18:58.210 --> 00:19:00.250
  • RIGHT IN AMERICA.
  • 00:19:00.270 --> 00:19:02.240
  • - LET ME POINT TO A PICTURE UP HERE.
  • 00:19:02.260 --> 00:19:04.100
  • THE ONE ON THE LEFT.
  • 00:19:04.120 --> 00:19:05.180
  • THERE IS A WHITE GUY AND A BLACK GUY STANDING
  • 00:19:05.200 --> 00:19:07.100
  • TOGETHER. THE WHITE GUY IS MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE.
  • 00:19:07.120 --> 00:19:10.030
  • HE'S A FRENCH GUY.
  • 00:19:10.050 --> 00:19:11.080
  • HE WAS A 19 YEAR OLD GENERAL.
  • 00:19:11.100 --> 00:19:13.000
  • COMES TO AMERICA, ENDS UP BEING A MAJOR GENERAL.
  • 00:19:13.020 --> 00:19:14.200
  • HE'S STANDING BY A BLACK GUY, JAMES ARMISTEAD.
  • 00:19:14.220 --> 00:19:18.000
  • HAS ANYBODY HEARD THE NAME JAMES ARMISTEAD?
  • 00:19:18.020 --> 00:19:20.240
  • - NOW, I'M GONNA SAY, THE BIO SAYS WHEN WE
  • 00:19:20.260 --> 00:19:23.100
  • SHOW THAT TO SCHOOL GROUPS AND SAY WHO IS
  • 00:19:23.120 --> 00:19:24.270
  • THAT BLACK GUY?
  • 00:19:24.290 --> 00:19:26.030
  • THEY ALL SAY, OH, THAT'S HIS SLAVE.
  • 00:19:26.050 --> 00:19:27.270
  • NO. MATTER OF FACT, THE WHITE GUY IS ONE OF THE
  • 00:19:27.290 --> 00:19:31.160
  • BIGGEST ABOLITION VOICES IN AMERICA AND
  • 00:19:31.180 --> 00:19:34.040
  • DEFINITELY NOT HIS SLAVE.
  • 00:19:34.060 --> 00:19:36.110
  • - LAFAYETTE WAS VERY MUCH A ANTI-SLAVERY GUY.
  • 00:19:36.130 --> 00:19:38.020
  • NOW JAMES HAD BEEN A SLAVE. HE GOT HIS
  • 00:19:38.040 --> 00:19:39.240
  • FREEDOM IN THE MIDST OF FIGHTING THROUGH THE WAR.
  • 00:19:39.260 --> 00:19:42.260
  • BUT WHAT'S SIGNIFICANT ABOUT JAMES IS JAMES IS
  • 00:19:42.280 --> 00:19:44.140
  • THE VERY FIRST DOUBLE SPY IN AMERICAN HISTORY.
  • 00:19:44.160 --> 00:19:47.010
  • NOW, WHAT'S EVEN MORE SIGNIFICANT, THIS IS A
  • 00:19:47.030 --> 00:19:50.060
  • GUY CREDITED WITH HELPING BRINGING INTO THE
  • 00:19:50.080 --> 00:19:52.230
  • REVOLUTION, AND HERE'S HIS STORY.
  • 00:19:52.250 --> 00:19:54.190
  • SO WHEN LAFAYETTE COMES TO AMERICA, LAFAYETTE IS
  • 00:19:54.210 --> 00:19:57.010
  • A VERY WEALTHY FRENCH GUY, SO HE HAS MONEY.
  • 00:19:57.030 --> 00:19:59.050
  • HE COMES TO AMERICA.
  • 00:19:59.070 --> 00:20:00.140
  • BUT FOR THE AMERICAN, THE COLONIAL ARMY, THEY
  • 00:20:00.160 --> 00:20:03.020
  • REALLY DIDN'T HAVE GUNS, THEY DIDN'T HAVE
  • 00:20:03.040 --> 00:20:05.000
  • UNIFORMS, SO HE SAYS THIS IS KIND OF AN
  • 00:20:05.020 --> 00:20:07.060
  • APPALLING SITUATION.
  • 00:20:07.080 --> 00:20:08.210
  • SO LAFAYETTE, FROM HIS OWN MONEY, OUTFITS HIS
  • 00:20:08.230 --> 00:20:11.290
  • BRIGADE UNDER HIM.
  • 00:20:12.010 --> 00:20:13.230
  • SO ESSENTIALLY, EVERYBODY WANTS TO FIGHT WITH
  • 00:20:13.250 --> 00:20:15.130
  • LAFAYETTE BECAUSE HE GIVES YOU A GUN AND A
  • 00:20:15.150 --> 00:20:17.080
  • UNIFORM. IT'S AWESOME.
  • 00:20:17.100 --> 00:20:18.200
  • SO PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO GET WITH HIM.
  • 00:20:18.220 --> 00:20:20.120
  • WELL, IN THE MIDST OF THIS, LAFAYETTE IS
  • 00:20:20.140 --> 00:20:22.100
  • LOOKING AT THE AMERICAN CONDITION, AND HE SAYS
  • 00:20:22.120 --> 00:20:24.050
  • THE AMERICANS, THEY'RE OUTNUMBERED, THEY'RE
  • 00:20:24.070 --> 00:20:26.090
  • OUTGUNNED, THEY DON'T HAVE THE SUPPLIES.
  • 00:20:26.110 --> 00:20:28.160
  • THERE'S NO WAY THEY CAN HANDLE FIGHTING THE BRITISH.
  • 00:20:28.180 --> 00:20:32.000
  • SO LAFAYETTE STARTS THINKING WHAT CAN WE DO?
  • 00:20:32.020 --> 00:20:34.210
  • WELL, HE AND JAMES BECOME VERY GOOD FRIENDS.
  • 00:20:34.230 --> 00:20:36.140
  • SO HE AND JAMES ARE TALKING, AND HE EXPLAINS
  • 00:20:36.160 --> 00:20:39.110
  • TO JAMES IF WE DON'T GET BETTER INTELLIGENCE,
  • 00:20:39.130 --> 00:20:41.270
  • WE'LL NEVER BE ABLE TO REALLY OPPOSE THE BRITISH
  • 00:20:41.290 --> 00:20:45.130
  • BECAUSE THEY HAVE SUPERIOR FORCES.
  • 00:20:45.150 --> 00:20:46.290
  • BUT IF WE HAD BETTER INTELLIGENCE, WE MIGHT BE
  • 00:20:47.010 --> 00:20:48.260
  • ABLE TO RALLY THE MEN AND SHOW UP AT THE RIGHT
  • 00:20:48.280 --> 00:20:50.150
  • PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME.
  • 00:20:50.170 --> 00:20:52.050
  • SO JAMES SAYS, WELL, WHAT IF I GO TO THE BRITISH
  • 00:20:52.070 --> 00:20:55.180
  • CAMP, AND I CAN PRETEND TO BE AN ESCAPED SLAVE
  • 00:20:55.200 --> 00:20:57.180
  • SEEKING REFUGE FROM THE BRITISH, AND I'LL TRY TO
  • 00:20:57.200 --> 00:21:00.280
  • GATHER INTEL AND COME BACK AND REPORT TO YOU.
  • 00:21:01.000 --> 00:21:03.080
  • SO HE SAYS WELL JAMES, I MEAN IF YOU'RE
  • 00:21:03.100 --> 00:21:04.290
  • WILLING TO DO THAT.
  • 00:21:05.010 --> 00:21:06.160
  • SO JAMES GOES, PRETENDING TO BE AN ESCAPED SLAVE.
  • 00:21:06.180 --> 00:21:09.140
  • AND YOU CAN USE YOUR IMAGINATION AND IMAGINE
  • 00:21:09.160 --> 00:21:11.080
  • HOW THAT MIGHT HAVE UNFOLDED, RIGHT, AND HE
  • 00:21:11.100 --> 00:21:12.170
  • GOES IN GUYS, PLEASE! PLEASE!
  • 00:21:12.190 --> 00:21:15.030
  • I JUST GOT AWAY FROM THE AMERICANS, AND THERE'S SO
  • 00:21:15.050 --> 00:21:17.230
  • MANY, AND I HATE THOSE GUYS!
  • 00:21:17.250 --> 00:21:19.250
  • COULD I STAY WITH YOU NICE BRITISH?
  • 00:21:19.270 --> 00:21:22.190
  • AND THE BRITISH SAID WELL, YEAH, YOU COME STAY
  • 00:21:22.210 --> 00:21:24.190
  • WITH US. YOU CAN BE ON OUR TEAM.
  • 00:21:24.210 --> 00:21:26.130
  • HE STARTS SERVING OFFICERS.
  • 00:21:26.150 --> 00:21:27.230
  • IN FACT, HE BECOMES THE PERSONAL ASSISTANT OF
  • 00:21:27.250 --> 00:21:30.110
  • BENEDICT ARNOLD WHO WAS A FAMOUS AMERICAN TRAITOR.
  • 00:21:30.130 --> 00:21:33.150
  • HE'S LISTENING TO ALL OF THE BRITISH OFFICERS AND
  • 00:21:33.170 --> 00:21:37.010
  • ALL OF THEIR PLANS.
  • 00:21:37.030 --> 00:21:38.160
  • EVERY DAY HE SENDS WORD BACK TO LAFAYETTE AND
  • 00:21:38.180 --> 00:21:42.100
  • SAYS LAFAYETTE, HERE'S WHAT THEY'RE DOING,
  • 00:21:42.120 --> 00:21:43.270
  • HERE'S WHERE THEY'RE GOING.
  • 00:21:43.290 --> 00:21:45.060
  • SO LAFAYETTE'S ABLE TO RALLY THE AMERICANS.
  • 00:21:45.080 --> 00:21:47.210
  • THEY START SHOWING UP AT THE RIGHT PLACE
  • 00:21:47.230 --> 00:21:49.090
  • AT THE RIGHT TIME. WE START WINNING
  • 00:21:49.110 --> 00:21:50.290
  • SOME OF THESE BATTLES AND SKIRMISHES.
  • 00:21:51.010 --> 00:21:52.280
  • WELL, THIS IS DISTRESSING TO THE BRITISH BECAUSE
  • 00:21:53.000 --> 00:21:55.130
  • THE BRITISH ARE THE SUPERIOR FORCE, AND
  • 00:21:55.150 --> 00:21:57.030
  • THEY'RE GOING WAIT A SECOND, HOW ARE THE
  • 00:21:57.050 --> 00:21:58.160
  • AMERICANS WINNING IN THESE THINGS?
  • 00:21:58.180 --> 00:22:00.100
  • SO THE BRITISH OFFICERS START TALKING, AND THEY
  • 00:22:00.120 --> 00:22:02.090
  • SAY WE BETTER TAKE THE AMERICANS A
  • 00:22:02.110 --> 00:22:03.150
  • LITTLE MORE SERIOUS.
  • 00:22:03.170 --> 00:22:05.000
  • WE BETTER START THINKING ABOUT WHAT WE CAN DO.
  • 00:22:05.020 --> 00:22:08.040
  • AND SO AS THE BRITISH OFFICERS START TALKING,
  • 00:22:08.060 --> 00:22:10.030
  • THEY SAY YOU KNOW WHAT WE OUGHT TO DO, WE OUGHT TO
  • 00:22:10.050 --> 00:22:12.190
  • FIND SOMEONE WE CAN SEND TO GO SPY IN THE AMERICAN
  • 00:22:12.210 --> 00:22:14.290
  • CAMP. WE'VE GOT TO FIND SOMEONE WHO CAN GO
  • 00:22:15.010 --> 00:22:17.130
  • GATHER INTEL AND COME BACK AND REPORT TO US.
  • 00:22:17.150 --> 00:22:19.210
  • AND THEY SAID WELL WHO ARE WE GONNA SEND?
  • 00:22:19.230 --> 00:22:21.180
  • SO THEY TURNED TO JAMES!
  • 00:22:21.200 --> 00:22:24.110
  • AND THEY SAID JAMES, WE HAVE AN IMPORTANT FAVOR
  • 00:22:24.130 --> 00:22:28.000
  • WE NEED TO ASK OF YOU.
  • 00:22:28.020 --> 00:22:29.220
  • AND JAMES KNOWS WHERE IT'S GOING.
  • 00:22:29.240 --> 00:22:31.020
  • HE SAYS GUYS, PLEASE, I HATE THE AMERICANS!
  • 00:22:31.040 --> 00:22:32.240
  • DON'T MAKE ME GO BACK!
  • 00:22:32.260 --> 00:22:34.030
  • HE'S JUST PLAYING THE ROLE, RIGHT? HE KNOWS.
  • 00:22:34.050 --> 00:22:36.020
  • AND THEY SAID JAMES, WE'D CONSIDER IT A PERSONAL
  • 00:22:36.040 --> 00:22:37.280
  • FAVOR IF YOU WOULD GO SPY ON THE AMERICANS.
  • 00:22:38.000 --> 00:22:40.280
  • SO JAMES SAYS WELL, OKAY, FOR YOU GUYS I'LL DO IT.
  • 00:22:41.000 --> 00:22:44.150
  • HE FINISHES THE WAR PRETENDING TO
  • 00:22:44.170 --> 00:22:46.240
  • SPY FOR THE BRITISH.
  • 00:22:46.260 --> 00:22:48.030
  • HE GIVES THEM BAD INTEL THE WHOLE TIME SPYING
  • 00:22:48.050 --> 00:22:49.100
  • FOR THE AMERICANS.
  • 00:22:49.120 --> 00:22:50.210
  • THE VERY LAST MAJOR BATTLE IN THE REVOLUTION
  • 00:22:50.230 --> 00:22:52.160
  • WAS THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN.
  • 00:22:52.180 --> 00:22:54.070
  • GEORGE WASHINGTON CREDITS JAMES ARMISTEAD WITH
  • 00:22:54.090 --> 00:22:57.060
  • BEING THE HERO OF THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
  • 00:22:57.080 --> 00:22:59.060
  • GIVING THEM THE INTEL.
  • 00:22:59.080 --> 00:23:00.180
  • HE'S LITERALLY THE GUY THAT HELPED BRING AN END
  • 00:23:00.200 --> 00:23:02.130
  • TO THE REVOLUTION.
  • 00:23:02.150 --> 00:23:04.010
  • BUT HE'S ONE OF MANY PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN
  • 00:23:04.030 --> 00:23:06.160
  • HIDDEN FROM HISTORY, AND THERE REALLY ARE SO MANY
  • 00:23:06.180 --> 00:23:08.190
  • THAT HAVE BEEN IN, KIND OF IN THIS SENSE, HIDDEN
  • 00:23:08.210 --> 00:23:11.130
  • IN OUR HISTORY BOOKS THAT ARE VERY SIGNIFICANT
  • 00:23:11.150 --> 00:23:15.050
  • AMERICAN HEROES TODAY WE DON'T KNOW.
  • 00:23:15.070 --> 00:23:17.030
  • - WELL, YOU'RE SAYING THEY'RE HIDDEN IN HISTORY.
  • 00:23:17.050 --> 00:23:19.020
  • THEY'RE KIND OF HIDDEN FROM THIS GENERATION
  • 00:23:19.040 --> 00:23:21.030
  • BECAUSE, OBVIOUSLY, THEY KNEW ABOUT IT BECAUSE
  • 00:23:21.050 --> 00:23:23.050
  • THEY PAINTED A PAINTING OF IT.
  • 00:23:23.070 --> 00:23:24.240
  • AND IF YOU GO RIGHT BELOW IT, THAT'S THE PAINTING
  • 00:23:24.260 --> 00:23:26.130
  • OF THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL.
  • 00:23:26.150 --> 00:23:28.020
  • THAT'S THE FIRST REALLY REALLY BIG BATTLE IN THE
  • 00:23:28.040 --> 00:23:30.050
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
  • 00:23:30.070 --> 00:23:31.140
  • AND YOU LOOK AT IT, AND OFF ON THE RIGHT, ON THE
  • 00:23:31.160 --> 00:23:33.220
  • RIGHT SIDE THERE'S TWO GUYS STANDING SIDE BY
  • 00:23:33.240 --> 00:23:35.260
  • SIDE, AND ONE OF THEM IS A BLACK GUY.
  • 00:23:35.280 --> 00:23:37.290
  • HIS NAME IS PETER SALEM.
  • 00:23:38.010 --> 00:23:40.030
  • HE IS THE HERO OF THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL.
  • 00:23:40.050 --> 00:23:42.090
  • THE GUY WHO PAINTED THAT PAINTING, JOHN TRUMBULL,
  • 00:23:42.110 --> 00:23:44.250
  • PUT HIM OFF THERE SO YOUR EYES WOULD GO OVER AND
  • 00:23:44.270 --> 00:23:47.010
  • SEE HE'S STANDING BESIDE A WHITE GUY,
  • 00:23:47.030 --> 00:23:48.170
  • THOMAS GOSVENOR.
  • 00:23:48.190 --> 00:23:50.000
  • MATTER OF FACT, HERE IS A DOCUMENT SIGNED BY PETER
  • 00:23:50.020 --> 00:23:52.200
  • SALEM, ONLY DOCUMENT I'VE EVER SEEN SIGNED BY PETER
  • 00:23:52.220 --> 00:23:55.000
  • SALEM, WHO IS THE HERO. HE'S CREDIT--
  • 00:23:55.020 --> 00:23:57.200
  • THEY GAVE HIM A DOZEN MILITARY ACCOMMODATIONS.
  • 00:23:57.220 --> 00:24:00.100
  • - WHY WAS HE THE HERO OF THE BATTLE?
  • 00:24:00.120 --> 00:24:01.270
  • - HE WAS THE HERO BECAUSE THE AMERICANS
  • 00:24:01.290 --> 00:24:03.110
  • WERE DOING PRETTY GOOD UNTIL THEY RAN OUT OF
  • 00:24:03.130 --> 00:24:04.250
  • AMMUNITION. THAT'S A HARD WAY TO WIN A BATTLE.
  • 00:24:04.270 --> 00:24:07.090
  • SO HERE COME THE BRITISH ABOUT TO SLAUGHTER
  • 00:24:07.110 --> 00:24:09.100
  • ALL THE AMERICANS.
  • 00:24:09.120 --> 00:24:10.170
  • HE TURNS AND SHOOTS DOWN THE BRITISH COMMANDERS
  • 00:24:10.190 --> 00:24:12.120
  • AND PUTS THE BRITISH IN DISARRAY.
  • 00:24:12.140 --> 00:24:14.140
  • SO HE'S CREDITED WITH BEING ABLE TO KNOCK DOWN
  • 00:24:14.160 --> 00:24:16.280
  • THE BRITISH COMMANDER, LET THE AMERICANS
  • 00:24:17.000 --> 00:24:18.130
  • REASSEMBLE, ESCAPE. SO HE--
  • 00:24:18.150 --> 00:24:20.040
  • - HE PRESERVED THEIR RETREAT. SO WHEN THEY RUN OUT OF
  • 00:24:20.060 --> 00:24:22.150
  • AMMUNITION, AT THIS POINT THERE'S NO USE STAYING HERE
  • 00:24:22.170 --> 00:24:24.180
  • FIGHTING. LET'S GET OUT.
  • 00:24:24.200 --> 00:24:26.090
  • BUT THE BRITISH ARE COMING AGAINST HIM.
  • 00:24:26.110 --> 00:24:27.250
  • SO HE RAISES UP, SHOOTS THEIR COMMANDING OFFICER,
  • 00:24:27.270 --> 00:24:30.130
  • APPARENTLY WITH ONE OF THE LAST SHOTS THEY HAVE,
  • 00:24:30.150 --> 00:24:32.280
  • I GUESS. BUT KILLS THE OFFICER.
  • 00:24:33.000 --> 00:24:35.080
  • SO NOW THE BRITISH ARE GOING WHAT DO WE DO?
  • 00:24:35.100 --> 00:24:36.150
  • THE AMERICANS ESCAPE.
  • 00:24:36.170 --> 00:24:37.270
  • SO HE SAVED THE LIVES OF ALL THE AMERICANS.
  • 00:24:37.290 --> 00:24:40.270
  • - THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF SAID HERE'S THE
  • 00:24:40.290 --> 00:24:42.240
  • HERO OF THE BATTLE.
  • 00:24:42.260 --> 00:24:44.090
  • THEY BUILT MONUMENTS TO HIM, DOZEN MILITARY
  • 00:24:44.110 --> 00:24:46.010
  • ACCOMMODATIONS.
  • 00:24:46.030 --> 00:24:47.180
  • NEVER HEAR HIS NAME TODAY, BUT HE'S IN THE
  • 00:24:47.200 --> 00:24:50.160
  • PAINTING. YOU GO DOWN TO THIS PAINTING HERE.
  • 00:24:50.180 --> 00:24:52.180
  • WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE.
  • 00:24:52.200 --> 00:24:53.280
  • THAT'S THAT ICONIC PAINTING.
  • 00:24:54.000 --> 00:24:55.100
  • WHO'S IN THE BOAT WITH HIM?
  • 00:24:55.120 --> 00:24:57.050
  • WELL, GEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:24:57.070 --> 00:24:58.120
  • YEAH, BUT RIGHT IN FRONT OF GEORGE WASHINGTON,
  • 00:24:58.140 --> 00:24:59.280
  • YOU'VE GOT PRINCE WHIPPLE AND YOU'VE GOT OLIVER
  • 00:25:00.020 --> 00:25:02.140
  • CROMWELL, TWO BLACK PATRIOTS THAT SERVED IN
  • 00:25:02.160 --> 00:25:04.190
  • THE REVOLUTION. THEY KNEW IT BACK THEN.
  • 00:25:04.210 --> 00:25:06.190
  • THAT'S WHY THEY PAINTED THEM IN THE BOAT WITH
  • 00:25:06.210 --> 00:25:08.220
  • WASHINGTON. WE DON'T HEAR THAT.
  • 00:25:08.240 --> 00:25:10.290
  • OR YOU GO TO THE FIRST BATTLE OF THE REVOLUTION,
  • 00:25:11.010 --> 00:25:13.020
  • THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON.
  • 00:25:13.040 --> 00:25:15.040
  • YOU HAVE 70 AMERICANS TAKING ON 700 BRITISH.
  • 00:25:15.060 --> 00:25:19.030
  • AND IN THE PAINTING, YOU SEE LAYING ON THE GROUND
  • 00:25:19.050 --> 00:25:21.070
  • THERE, THERE WERE 18 AMERICANS HIT THE GROUND
  • 00:25:21.090 --> 00:25:23.070
  • THAT DAY BECAUSE THEY'RE BADLY OUTNUMBERED.
  • 00:25:23.090 --> 00:25:25.130
  • BUT LAYING ON THE GROUND THERE ARE GUYS ALL FROM
  • 00:25:25.150 --> 00:25:27.290
  • THE SAME CHURCH BECAUSE THE 70 GUYS ARE OUT OF
  • 00:25:28.010 --> 00:25:30.210
  • ONE CHURCH, REVEREND JONAS CLARKE'S CHURCH,
  • 00:25:30.230 --> 00:25:32.290
  • WHO SAID WE'LL DEFEND OUR TOWN.
  • 00:25:33.010 --> 00:25:34.190
  • THE CHURCH WENT OUT THERE, 70 GUYS.
  • 00:25:34.210 --> 00:25:36.100
  • 18 GUYS LAYING ON THE GROUND.
  • 00:25:36.120 --> 00:25:37.280
  • THEY'RE BOTH BLACK AND WHITE.
  • 00:25:38.000 --> 00:25:39.190
  • YOU HAVE BLACK PATRIOTS LIKE PRINCE ESTABROOK AND
  • 00:25:39.210 --> 00:25:41.290
  • WHITE PATRIOTS LIKE JOHN ROBBINS.
  • 00:25:42.010 --> 00:25:43.220
  • THEY ALL WENT TO CHURCH TOGETHER.
  • 00:25:43.240 --> 00:25:45.200
  • THEY'RE IN CHURCH TOGETHER, AND THEY'RE OUT
  • 00:25:45.220 --> 00:25:47.210
  • THERE DEFENDING THE TOWN.
  • 00:25:47.230 --> 00:25:49.010
  • AND THAT'S IN THE PAINTING.
  • 00:25:49.030 --> 00:25:50.110
  • BUT SEE, THEY KNEW THE BLACK GUYS BACK THEN.
  • 00:25:50.130 --> 00:25:53.020
  • - RIGHT. WELL, EVEN ONE OF MY FAVORITE
  • 00:25:53.040 --> 00:25:55.250
  • STORIES IS PRINCE SISSON.
  • 00:25:55.270 --> 00:25:57.200
  • SO WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT MILITARY HEROES,
  • 00:25:57.220 --> 00:25:59.160
  • WELL PRINCE SISSON WAS--
  • 00:25:59.180 --> 00:26:01.120
  • - NOW LET ME-- WHILE YOU'RE SAYING THAT,
  • 00:26:01.140 --> 00:26:03.060
  • PRINCE SISSON IS A STORY TOLD IN THIS BOOK RIGHT HERE.
  • 00:26:03.080 --> 00:26:07.050
  • THIS IS A BOOK BY WILLIAM NELL, AND WILLIAM NELL
  • 00:26:07.070 --> 00:26:10.020
  • IS, IF I CAN GET HIS-- THAT'S WILLIAM NELL.
  • 00:26:10.040 --> 00:26:12.120
  • HE IS THE FIRST BLACK MAN TO HOLD ANY TYPE OF
  • 00:26:12.140 --> 00:26:16.090
  • POSITION IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:26:16.110 --> 00:26:18.090
  • SO HE IS ALSO A GREAT HISTORIAN.
  • 00:26:18.110 --> 00:26:21.160
  • AND THIS IS THE BOOK THAT HE DID.
  • 00:26:21.180 --> 00:26:23.170
  • AND IF I JUST READ THE TITLE, IT'S "THE COLORED
  • 00:26:23.190 --> 00:26:25.240
  • PATRIOTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION."
  • 00:26:25.260 --> 00:26:28.090
  • I WILL POINT OUT THAT IT'S NOT A SKINNY BOOK.
  • 00:26:28.110 --> 00:26:30.140
  • - THERE MUST HAVE BEEN A LOT OF THEM.
  • 00:26:30.160 --> 00:26:31.240
  • - MUST HAVE BEEN A LOT OF THEM.
  • 00:26:31.260 --> 00:26:33.020
  • AND HERE'S THE "SERVICES OF COLORED AMERICANS IN
  • 00:26:33.040 --> 00:26:35.000
  • THE WARS OF 1776 AND 1812."
  • 00:26:35.020 --> 00:26:37.150
  • ANOTHER BOOK THERE, "THE HISTORY OF THE BLACK PAST."
  • 00:26:37.170 --> 00:26:40.210
  • WE'VE GOT ANOTHER ONE OVER HERE, CARTER WOODSON.
  • 00:26:40.230 --> 00:26:42.280
  • THERE'S ALL SORTS OF BOOKS DONE, ON ALL THESE
  • 00:26:43.000 --> 00:26:46.050
  • HEROES OF THE REVOLUTION.
  • 00:26:46.070 --> 00:26:47.260
  • AND PRINCE SISSON IS ONE OF THE STORIES
  • 00:26:47.280 --> 00:26:49.000
  • HERE OUT OF THIS BOOK.
  • 00:26:49.020 --> 00:26:50.120
  • - PRINCE SISSON BEING ONE OF THE RECOGNIZED HEROES.
  • 00:26:50.140 --> 00:26:52.170
  • IN FACT, MANY STORIES, MANY NEWSPAPERS WROTE
  • 00:26:52.190 --> 00:26:55.210
  • ABOUT THIS GUY AND HOW IMPORTANT HE WAS AND
  • 00:26:55.230 --> 00:26:57.180
  • SIGNIFICANT HE WAS.
  • 00:26:57.200 --> 00:26:59.100
  • AND LITERALLY, AS WE LOOKED AT THE REVOLUTION,
  • 00:26:59.120 --> 00:27:01.170
  • THERE WERE SO MANY AMAZING BLACK HEROES,
  • 00:27:01.190 --> 00:27:05.030
  • AMAZING STORIES, AND YET FOR SOME REASON THAT IS
  • 00:27:05.050 --> 00:27:08.190
  • HIDDEN HISTORY TODAY.
  • 00:27:08.210 --> 00:27:10.100
  • - WELL, YOU KNOW THE THING ABOUT THAT IS
  • 00:27:10.120 --> 00:27:12.100
  • THERE'S SO MANY PEOPLE THAT DON'T WANT THAT
  • 00:27:12.120 --> 00:27:15.170
  • HISTORY OUT, BECAUSE IF YOU DON'T KNOW YOUR
  • 00:27:15.190 --> 00:27:18.150
  • HISTORY, YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT YOUR POTENTIAL
  • 00:27:18.170 --> 00:27:19.250
  • IS FOR YOUR FUTURE.
  • 00:27:19.270 --> 00:27:22.010
  • AND SO THEY'VE RE-WRITTEN HISTORY IN ORDER TO WRITE
  • 00:27:22.030 --> 00:27:25.000
  • OUT, I AM CONFIDENT THERE WERE MANY GREAT BLACK
  • 00:27:25.020 --> 00:27:28.150
  • PEOPLE INVOLVED IN EACH ONE OF THE WARS THIS NATION FOUGHT.
  • 00:27:28.170 --> 00:27:32.090
  • GREAT BLACK PEOPLE THAT HAVE DONE THINGS THAT
  • 00:27:32.110 --> 00:27:34.100
  • HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THIS NATION TO MAKE IT BE AS
  • 00:27:34.120 --> 00:27:36.270
  • GREAT AS IT IS TODAY.
  • 00:27:36.290 --> 00:27:38.100
  • BUT YOU HAVE PEOPLE WRITING OUT BLACK PEOPLE
  • 00:27:38.120 --> 00:27:41.290
  • BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT BLACK PEOPLE TO KNOW WHO
  • 00:27:42.010 --> 00:27:45.020
  • THEY ARE AND THE POWER THAT THEY HAVE WITHIN.
  • 00:27:45.040 --> 00:27:48.120
  • AND WHEN A PERSON OR A GROUP OF PEOPLE
  • 00:27:48.140 --> 00:27:51.120
  • UNDERSTAND THE POWER THAT GOD HAS GIVEN THEM, YOU
  • 00:27:51.140 --> 00:27:53.240
  • CAN'T HOLD THEM BACK.
  • 00:27:53.260 --> 00:27:56.010
  • YOU CAN'T STOP THEM FROM ACHIEVING THEIR
  • 00:27:56.030 --> 00:27:59.020
  • DIVINE POTENTIAL.
  • 00:27:59.040 --> 00:28:00.260
  • SO YOU REWRITE THE HISTORY SO WE DON'T KNOW
  • 00:28:00.280 --> 00:28:04.020
  • WHAT IT'S ALL ABOUT.
  • 00:28:04.040 --> 00:28:06.100
  • - HOW MANY OF YOU COULD NAME BLACK HEROES
  • 00:28:06.120 --> 00:28:09.290
  • FROM THE REVOLUTION?
  • 00:28:10.010 --> 00:28:12.080
  • HERE IS WHAT'S INTERESTING BECAUSE IF
  • 00:28:12.100 --> 00:28:13.240
  • WE SAY IT WAS WRITTEN OUT, THAT'S NOT JUST
  • 00:28:13.260 --> 00:28:15.160
  • FIGURATIVE THAT IT WAS WRITTEN OUT OF HISTORY
  • 00:28:15.180 --> 00:28:17.270
  • BECAUSE THEY WERE A PART OF HISTORY FOR A LONG TIME.
  • 00:28:17.290 --> 00:28:20.210
  • - WHAT WE HAVE HERE IS A HISTORIAN WHO IS A PHD,
  • 00:28:20.230 --> 00:28:24.060
  • WHO IS ALSO THE PRESIDENT OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY.
  • 00:28:24.080 --> 00:28:27.100
  • AND IN 1902, HE COMES OUT WITH THIS FIVE VOLUME SET
  • 00:28:27.120 --> 00:28:31.050
  • CALLED "THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE."
  • 00:28:31.070 --> 00:28:34.060
  • THAT GUY THAT WAS PRESIDENT OF PRINCETON
  • 00:28:34.080 --> 00:28:37.020
  • THAT'S A PHD, HISTORY GUY, GOES ON TO BECOME THE
  • 00:28:37.040 --> 00:28:40.170
  • PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • 00:28:40.190 --> 00:28:41.240
  • IT'S WOODROW WILSON.
  • 00:28:41.260 --> 00:28:43.270
  • WOODROW WILSON DOES THE HISTORY, AND PEOPLE SAY
  • 00:28:43.290 --> 00:28:45.270
  • OH, MY GOSH, WE'VE GOT A GREAT-- WE'RE GONNA WRITE
  • 00:28:45.290 --> 00:28:48.040
  • HISTORY LIKE HE DID.
  • 00:28:48.060 --> 00:28:49.210
  • YOU WILL NOT FIND A SINGLE BLACK NAME
  • 00:28:49.230 --> 00:28:53.220
  • ANYWHERE IN HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE
  • 00:28:53.240 --> 00:28:55.170
  • WRITTEN BY WOODROW WILSON.
  • 00:28:55.190 --> 00:28:57.000
  • - SO WOODROW WILSON WAS A LARGE SUPPORTER OF THE
  • 00:28:57.020 --> 00:28:59.030
  • KKK. UNDER WOODROW WILSON, THE KKK HAD ITS REBIRTH.
  • 00:28:59.050 --> 00:29:02.060
  • THEY WERE MARCHING IN DC.
  • 00:29:02.080 --> 00:29:04.020
  • - GRAB THAT PICTURE BEHIND YOU.
  • 00:29:04.040 --> 00:29:05.220
  • - SO THIS IS A PICTURE OF THE STREETS OF THE KKK
  • 00:29:05.240 --> 00:29:09.280
  • MARCHING THROUGH DC.
  • 00:29:10.000 --> 00:29:11.140
  • - OPENLY IN DC WAS SENATORS AND
  • 00:29:11.160 --> 00:29:13.000
  • REPRESENTATIVES PART OF IT.
  • 00:29:13.020 --> 00:29:14.160
  • - AS WOODROW WILSON IS SUPPORTING THIS.
  • 00:29:14.180 --> 00:29:16.170
  • IN FACT, WOODROW WILSON SHOWS THE VERY FIRST EVER
  • 00:29:16.190 --> 00:29:19.110
  • FILM SHOWN IN THE WHITE HOUSE WHICH WAS MADE AS A
  • 00:29:19.130 --> 00:29:22.030
  • KKK RECRUITING FILM, AND IT WAS THIS FILM RIGHT
  • 00:29:22.050 --> 00:29:25.210
  • HERE, "THE BIRTH OF A NATION."
  • 00:29:25.230 --> 00:29:27.120
  • - AND THE SCRIPT FOR THAT FILM WAS LARGELY TAKEN OUT
  • 00:29:27.140 --> 00:29:29.200
  • OF THE BOOKS THAT HE HAD WRITTEN FROM HIS BOOK.
  • 00:29:29.220 --> 00:29:31.200
  • - BOOKS ABOUT HOW THE WHITE MAN HAS TO SAVE
  • 00:29:31.220 --> 00:29:34.120
  • AMERICA FROM THE BLACK MAN.
  • 00:29:34.140 --> 00:29:35.260
  • - MATTER OF FACT, IN HIS BOOKS, HE DOES HAVE SOME
  • 00:29:35.280 --> 00:29:38.290
  • BLACK HISTORY IN THERE, AND THIS IS--
  • 00:29:39.010 --> 00:29:41.240
  • - WELL, I WOULDN'T EVEN SAY HISTORY, BUT HE DOES
  • 00:29:41.260 --> 00:29:43.070
  • ELUDE TO BLACK INDIVIDUALS.
  • 00:29:43.090 --> 00:29:44.220
  • - THAT'S RIGHT. YOU GET IMAGES LIKE THIS.
  • 00:29:44.240 --> 00:29:47.140
  • THIS IS HOW HE SHOWS BLACK FOLKS IN THAT
  • 00:29:47.160 --> 00:29:50.100
  • HISTORY BOOK. AND IT IS PURELY RACIST.
  • 00:29:50.120 --> 00:29:53.060
  • AND THIS IS WHY SO MUCH BLACK HISTORY IS GONE
  • 00:29:53.080 --> 00:29:56.050
  • TODAY, EVEN THOUGH WE KNEW IT FOR YEARS
  • 00:29:56.070 --> 00:29:57.260
  • AND YEARS AND YEARS.
  • 00:29:57.280 --> 00:29:59.030
  • - AND IT'S WHY TODAY PEOPLE PROBABLY KNOW THE
  • 00:29:59.050 --> 00:30:00.160
  • NAME FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
  • 00:30:00.180 --> 00:30:02.010
  • THEY PROBABLY KNOW THE NAME GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER.
  • 00:30:02.030 --> 00:30:03.270
  • AND THEY PROBABLY KNOW BOOKER T. WASHINGTON.
  • 00:30:03.290 --> 00:30:05.130
  • - BY THE WAY, GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER,
  • 00:30:05.150 --> 00:30:06.220
  • RIGHT HERE THIS IS HIS LIFE MASK.
  • 00:30:06.240 --> 00:30:08.130
  • WHAT WONDERFUL GUY. THIS IS HIS--
  • 00:30:08.150 --> 00:30:11.110
  • THAT'S THE HAND THAT DISCOVERED
  • 00:30:11.130 --> 00:30:13.210
  • 300 USES FOR THE PEANUT.
  • 00:30:13.230 --> 00:30:15.270
  • I MEAN, UNBELIEVABLE, GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER.
  • 00:30:15.290 --> 00:30:18.060
  • - AND STRONG CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:30:18.080 --> 00:30:19.270
  • SO FREDERICK DOUGLASS, ACTUALLY THE REVEREND
  • 00:30:19.290 --> 00:30:21.250
  • FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
  • 00:30:21.270 --> 00:30:23.160
  • SO HE WAS A MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL.
  • 00:30:23.180 --> 00:30:25.020
  • GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER WAS A CHRISTIAN.
  • 00:30:25.040 --> 00:30:26.190
  • SIGNED HIS BOOK "T. WASHINGTON STRONG CHRISTIAN."
  • 00:30:26.210 --> 00:30:28.140
  • YOU HAVE THE REVEREND DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING.
  • 00:30:28.160 --> 00:30:30.100
  • BUT LARGELY THOSE ARE PRETTY MUCH THE ONLY FOUR
  • 00:30:30.120 --> 00:30:32.190
  • BLACK HEROES THAT ANYBODY KNOWS
  • 00:30:32.210 --> 00:30:34.230
  • FROM AMERICAN HISTORY.
  • 00:30:34.250 --> 00:30:36.060
  • - LET'S GO BACK PRIOR TO WOODROW WILSON, AND LET'S
  • 00:30:36.080 --> 00:30:38.220
  • TAKE A BLACK CHURCH LEADER IN NEW HAMPSHIRE
  • 00:30:38.240 --> 00:30:40.120
  • NAMED WENTWORTH CHESWELL.
  • 00:30:40.140 --> 00:30:42.170
  • THE FIRST BLACK ELECTED TO OFFICE IN AMERICA,
  • 00:30:42.190 --> 00:30:45.010
  • ELECTED 1768 IN NEW HAMPSHIRE,
  • 00:30:45.030 --> 00:30:47.190
  • REELECTED FOR 49 YEARS.
  • 00:30:47.210 --> 00:30:50.160
  • - NOW LET'S PAUSE. YOU'RE SAYING THERE
  • 00:30:50.180 --> 00:30:53.000
  • WAS A BLACK MAN ELECTED TO OFFICE.
  • 00:30:53.020 --> 00:30:56.250
  • WE'RE TOLD THAT BLACKS DIDN'T HAVE ANY RIGHTS,
  • 00:30:56.270 --> 00:31:01.070
  • AND THEY WERE NOTHING, THEY WERE NOBODY, THEY
  • 00:31:01.090 --> 00:31:03.020
  • WERE THE DREGS OF SOCIETY, AND YET THEY
  • 00:31:03.040 --> 00:31:05.180
  • WERE LEADERS OF SOCIETY.
  • 00:31:05.200 --> 00:31:07.060
  • - REAL QUICK THING.
  • 00:31:07.080 --> 00:31:08.260
  • - WE WERE LEADERS OF SOCIETY!
  • 00:31:08.280 --> 00:31:10.100
  • WE WERE DOING THINGS.
  • 00:31:10.120 --> 00:31:11.220
  • THERE WERE BLACKS THAT WERE LEADERS, THAT WERE
  • 00:31:11.240 --> 00:31:13.260
  • PREACHERS, THAT HAD WHITE CONGREGATIONS BEFORE
  • 00:31:13.280 --> 00:31:16.020
  • THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
  • 00:31:16.040 --> 00:31:18.070
  • THEY WERE PREACHING THE MESSAGE TO THE PEOPLE.
  • 00:31:18.090 --> 00:31:20.170
  • THE MESSAGE OF CHRIST IS THE MESSAGE THAT MUST BE
  • 00:31:20.190 --> 00:31:23.080
  • PREACHED. THAT'S THE ONE THAT'S BEING HIDDEN.
  • 00:31:23.100 --> 00:31:25.230
  • - THIS IS FROM THE AMERICAN FOUNDING.
  • 00:31:25.250 --> 00:31:27.150
  • YOU LOOK RIGHT THERE, THAT IS CLEARLY A BLACK
  • 00:31:27.170 --> 00:31:30.150
  • MAN IN THE PULPIT, RIGHT? LOOK DOWN HERE.
  • 00:31:30.170 --> 00:31:33.220
  • THAT IS A VERY WHITE CONGREGATION. THERE IS NO--
  • 00:31:33.240 --> 00:31:37.120
  • - THEY DIDN'T CARE AT THAT POINT.
  • 00:31:37.140 --> 00:31:39.100
  • THEY DIDN'T CARE BECAUSE THEY WERE LOOKING FOR THE
  • 00:31:39.120 --> 00:31:40.250
  • TRUTH OF THE WORD OF GOD.
  • 00:31:40.270 --> 00:31:42.120
  • THEY DIDN'T CARE WHETHER IT CAME FROM A BLACK MAN.
  • 00:31:42.140 --> 00:31:44.040
  • THEY DIDN'T CARE WHERE IT CAME FROM.
  • 00:31:44.060 --> 00:31:46.110
  • AND THAT'S WHAT PEOPLE HUNGER FOR IS TRUTH.
  • 00:31:46.130 --> 00:31:49.040
  • AND THAT'S WHAT JESUS SAID MAKES US FREE.
  • 00:31:49.060 --> 00:31:52.100
  • IT'S THE TRUTH THAT MAKES US FREE.
  • 00:31:52.120 --> 00:31:54.140
  • AND SO PEOPLE LIKE WOODROW WILSON, OTHERS,
  • 00:31:54.160 --> 00:31:57.110
  • REWRITE THE HISTORY USING THINGS LIKE THIS, IMAGES
  • 00:31:57.130 --> 00:32:01.180
  • TO PORTRAY PEOPLE, TO DEGRADE PEOPLE, TO TAKE
  • 00:32:01.200 --> 00:32:04.190
  • AWAY THE DIGNITY OF HUMAN BEINGS WHEN THERE'S SO
  • 00:32:04.210 --> 00:32:07.250
  • MANY DIFFERENT THINGS THAT THE VOLUMES CAN TELL
  • 00:32:07.270 --> 00:32:09.200
  • YOU, SO MUCH HISTORY THAT IS HERE THAT'S
  • 00:32:09.220 --> 00:32:12.070
  • BEEN WRITTEN OUT. WE HAVE TO SEEK THE TRUTH
  • 00:32:12.090 --> 00:32:14.240
  • SO THE TRUTH CAN MAKE US ALL FREE.
  • 00:32:14.260 --> 00:32:16.280
  • NOT JUST BLACK AMERICANS, BUT WHITE AMERICANS, ALL
  • 00:32:17.000 --> 00:32:19.190
  • AMERICANS. IN ORDER TO KNOW THE TRUTH, YOU'VE
  • 00:32:19.210 --> 00:32:22.060
  • GOT TO LEARN HOW TO SEEK THE TRUTH.
  • 00:32:22.080 --> 00:32:24.140
  • AND YOU LEARN TO SEEK THE TRUTH BECAUSE EVERY ONE
  • 00:32:24.160 --> 00:32:26.120
  • OF THESE PEOPLE HERE, YOU CAN FIND THERE'S SOME
  • 00:32:26.140 --> 00:32:28.110
  • WORD OF GOD IN THEM.
  • 00:32:28.130 --> 00:32:30.030
  • THAT'S WHAT MADE THEM BE WHAT THEY ARE.
  • 00:32:30.050 --> 00:32:32.260
  • AND WE'RE GETTING AWAY FROM THAT NOWADAYS.
  • 00:32:32.280 --> 00:32:34.250
  • THIS NATION WILL NOT CONTINUE THE WAY IT WAS
  • 00:32:34.270 --> 00:32:38.110
  • DEFINED IN THE BEGINNING.
  • 00:32:38.130 --> 00:32:40.050
  • IT CANNOT LONG GO FORWARD WITH SOME OF THE THINGS
  • 00:32:40.070 --> 00:32:42.190
  • WE'RE DOING TODAY.
  • 00:32:42.210 --> 00:32:43.280
  • - NO, SECULAR STUFF IS NOT GONNA WORK.
  • 00:32:44.000 --> 00:32:45.130
  • - DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHO THIS IS?
  • 00:32:45.150 --> 00:32:47.100
  • THIS GUY'S NAME IS HARRY HOSIER.
  • 00:32:47.120 --> 00:32:49.220
  • HE WAS A PASTOR, A REVEREND FROM THE
  • 00:32:49.240 --> 00:32:51.210
  • SECOND GREAT AWAKENING.
  • 00:32:51.230 --> 00:32:53.110
  • HE ACTUALLY, REALLY INTERESTING, WHEN HE GOT
  • 00:32:53.130 --> 00:32:56.120
  • SAVED, HE FEELS THAT GOD HAS CALLED HIM TO GO BE
  • 00:32:56.140 --> 00:32:58.100
  • AN EVANGELIST ON THE WILD WESTERN FRONTIER.
  • 00:32:58.120 --> 00:33:01.020
  • NOW, THAT'S STILL KIND OF EARLY-ISH AMERICA, SO THE
  • 00:33:01.040 --> 00:33:04.100
  • WILD WESTERN FRONTIER HAD NOT GONE AS FAR WEST.
  • 00:33:04.120 --> 00:33:07.100
  • SO BACK THEN, LIKE, THE WESTERN FRONTIER WAS LIKE
  • 00:33:07.120 --> 00:33:09.100
  • KENTUCKY, OHIO. THAT WAS YOUR WESTERN FRONTIER.
  • 00:33:09.120 --> 00:33:13.040
  • WELL, HE WORKS HIS WAY OVER THROUGH KENTUCKY,
  • 00:33:13.060 --> 00:33:16.150
  • WORKS HIS WAY OVER, BUT HE'S EVANGELIZING THE
  • 00:33:16.170 --> 00:33:18.090
  • WHOLE TIME. SO AS HE'S GOING, HE'S HAVING THESE
  • 00:33:18.110 --> 00:33:20.190
  • BIG MEETINGS, PEOPLE ARE GETTING SAVED,
  • 00:33:20.210 --> 00:33:22.250
  • DRAMATIC CONVERSIONS.
  • 00:33:22.270 --> 00:33:24.110
  • IN FACT, IT'S CHANGING ENTIRE TOWNS.
  • 00:33:24.130 --> 00:33:26.050
  • IT'S CHANGING COMMUNITIES BECAUSE PEOPLE
  • 00:33:26.070 --> 00:33:27.200
  • ARE GETTING SAVED.
  • 00:33:27.220 --> 00:33:28.280
  • HE WORKS HIS WAY ALL THE WAY UP INTO INDIANA, AND
  • 00:33:29.000 --> 00:33:31.240
  • HE JOURNEYED ALL AROUND INDIANA DOING CRUSADES,
  • 00:33:31.260 --> 00:33:33.250
  • PEOPLE ARE GETTING SAVED, DRAMATIC CONVERSIONS.
  • 00:33:33.270 --> 00:33:35.130
  • BUT HERE'S WHAT'S INTERESTING.
  • 00:33:35.150 --> 00:33:36.270
  • THEY SAID YOU CAN TELL WHERE THE REVEREND HARRY
  • 00:33:36.290 --> 00:33:39.060
  • HOSIER HAD BEEN BECAUSE AGAIN, YOU COULD WALK
  • 00:33:39.080 --> 00:33:41.270
  • INTO A TOWN AND THE PEOPLE WOULD BE
  • 00:33:41.290 --> 00:33:43.090
  • DIFFERENT, THEY SAID.
  • 00:33:43.110 --> 00:33:44.170
  • IN FACT, IT WAS ALMOST LIKE THERE WERE LITTLE
  • 00:33:44.190 --> 00:33:46.100
  • HOSIERS JUST RUNNING AROUND EVERYWHERE.
  • 00:33:46.120 --> 00:33:48.080
  • NOW THIS IS INDIANA.
  • 00:33:48.100 --> 00:33:50.270
  • I DON'T KNOW IF YOU KNOW ABOUT INDIANA UNIVERSITY,
  • 00:33:50.290 --> 00:33:53.050
  • THE HOOSIERS. YEAH.
  • 00:33:53.070 --> 00:33:55.090
  • DID YOU KNOW THEY'RE NAMED AFTER A BLACK
  • 00:33:55.110 --> 00:33:56.220
  • PASTOR FROM THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING?
  • 00:33:56.240 --> 00:34:00.110
  • THIS IS THE AMAZING HIDDEN HISTORY THAT IF WE
  • 00:34:00.130 --> 00:34:04.200
  • KNEW HISTORY, WE WOULD GO OH, MY GOSH!
  • 00:34:04.220 --> 00:34:07.130
  • AND BY THE WAY, AS WE'RE TALKING ABOUT THESE
  • 00:34:07.150 --> 00:34:09.140
  • HEROES, THERE'S VERY FEW HEROES WE COULD POINT TO
  • 00:34:09.160 --> 00:34:12.050
  • OF ANY RACE IN AMERICAN HISTORY WHO WERE
  • 00:34:12.070 --> 00:34:14.060
  • NOT PEOPLE OF FAITH.
  • 00:34:14.080 --> 00:34:16.080
  • BECAUSE IT WAS THEIR FAITH THAT MOTIVATED
  • 00:34:16.100 --> 00:34:18.020
  • THEM TO BE DIFFERENT, TO LIVE DIFFERENT,
  • 00:34:18.040 --> 00:34:19.250
  • TO DO THINGS DIFFERENT.
  • 00:34:19.270 --> 00:34:21.140
  • - THAT, THE FIRST BLACK BISHOP OF THE EPISCOPAL
  • 00:34:21.160 --> 00:34:25.090
  • CHURCH IN AMERICA, THE REVEREND ABSALOM JONES.
  • 00:34:25.110 --> 00:34:29.010
  • BLACK GUY. THIS MAN, FIRST BLACK MAN TO SPEAK IN
  • 00:34:29.030 --> 00:34:31.250
  • CONGRESS, REVEREND HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET.
  • 00:34:31.270 --> 00:34:35.050
  • - NOTICE THE WORD REVEREND.
  • 00:34:35.070 --> 00:34:36.280
  • - REVEREND. THIS MAN, GREAT CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER,
  • 00:34:37.000 --> 00:34:39.040
  • FREDERICK DOUGLASS, EXCEPT NOBODY EVER HEARS
  • 00:34:39.060 --> 00:34:41.070
  • HE'S THE REVEREND FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
  • 00:34:41.090 --> 00:34:43.100
  • HE IS AN A.M.E. ZION PREACHER.
  • 00:34:43.120 --> 00:34:45.120
  • YOU HAVE THE REVEREND RICHARD ALLEN WHO IS, HE
  • 00:34:45.140 --> 00:34:49.290
  • FOUNDED THE FIRST BLACK DENOMINATION IN AMERICA, A.M.E..
  • 00:34:50.010 --> 00:34:53.130
  • AND BY THE WAY, RICHARD ALLEN, OBVIOUSLY A BLACK
  • 00:34:53.150 --> 00:34:55.200
  • GUY, OFTEN PREACHED AT CHURCHES WITH 2.000
  • 00:34:55.220 --> 00:34:57.180
  • WHITE FOLKS IN THEM.
  • 00:34:57.200 --> 00:34:59.060
  • AND WE TALKED ABOUT LEMUEL HAYNES A MINUTE
  • 00:34:59.080 --> 00:35:00.270
  • AGO, THE REVEREND LEMUEL HAYNES RIGHT HERE.
  • 00:35:00.290 --> 00:35:03.190
  • NOW THIS GUY WENT ALL OVER NEW ENGLAND
  • 00:35:03.210 --> 00:35:05.170
  • FOUNDING CHURCHES.
  • 00:35:05.190 --> 00:35:07.080
  • HE WAS A BLACK PASTOR OF WHITE CHURCHES.
  • 00:35:07.100 --> 00:35:09.100
  • HE ALSO, BY THE WAY-- TIM, PULL THAT STUFF OUT RIGHT
  • 00:35:09.120 --> 00:35:12.060
  • THERE. HE'S THE FIRST BLACK MAN TO RECEIVE A HIGHER
  • 00:35:12.080 --> 00:35:14.180
  • DEGREE OF EDUCATION. THAT IS HIS BIBLE.
  • 00:35:14.200 --> 00:35:16.290
  • THAT IS HIS PREACHING BIBLE RIGHT THERE.
  • 00:35:17.010 --> 00:35:18.160
  • HIS NAME'S INSIDE IT.
  • 00:35:18.180 --> 00:35:20.100
  • HE'S THE FIRST BLACK MAN TO HAVE ANY SERMON
  • 00:35:20.120 --> 00:35:22.260
  • PUBLISHED RIGHT HERE, LEMUEL HAYNES.
  • 00:35:22.280 --> 00:35:26.020
  • BUT HE WAS A MINUTE MAN IN THE AMERICAN
  • 00:35:26.040 --> 00:35:28.070
  • REVOLUTION. HE SERVED UNDER GEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:35:28.090 --> 00:35:30.140
  • IN HIS CHURCH IS IN NEW ENGLAND.
  • 00:35:30.160 --> 00:35:32.050
  • ON GEORGE WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY, HE PREACHED
  • 00:35:32.070 --> 00:35:34.210
  • SERMONS ON GEORGE WASHINGTON, HIS COMMANDER
  • 00:35:34.230 --> 00:35:37.080
  • IN CHIEF WITH WHOM HE HAD SERVED IN THE
  • 00:35:37.100 --> 00:35:38.220
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
  • 00:35:38.240 --> 00:35:40.020
  • - ANOTHER BLACK HERO.
  • 00:35:40.040 --> 00:35:41.280
  • SO THIS YOUNG LADY, PHILLIS WHEATLEY, SHE
  • 00:35:42.000 --> 00:35:45.190
  • ACTUALLY WAS BROUGHT TO AMERICA AS A SLAVE.
  • 00:35:45.210 --> 00:35:47.280
  • SHE WAS BOUGHT BY A FAMILY, AND THEY SAID
  • 00:35:48.000 --> 00:35:49.130
  • WE'RE NOT LETTING THIS GIRL INTO SLAVERY.
  • 00:35:49.150 --> 00:35:50.240
  • THEY BOUGHT HER HERE.
  • 00:35:50.260 --> 00:35:52.110
  • - WHEN SHE WAS SIX YEARS OLD FROM SENEGAL AFRICA.
  • 00:35:52.130 --> 00:35:54.230
  • THEY KIDNAPPED HER IN SENEGAL, THEY BROUGHT HER
  • 00:35:54.250 --> 00:35:56.240
  • TO BOSTON AT THE AGE OF SIX, AND THERE'S A SIX
  • 00:35:56.260 --> 00:35:58.230
  • YEAR OLD GIRL WHO CAN'T SPEAK A WORD OF ENGLISH
  • 00:35:58.250 --> 00:36:01.140
  • STANDING ON THE SLAVE BLOCK BEING SOLD, AND THE
  • 00:36:01.160 --> 00:36:03.210
  • WHEATLEY FAMILY SAYS NO, NO, NO, WE'RE BUYING HER.
  • 00:36:03.230 --> 00:36:08.060
  • AND THEY RAISED HER AS ONE OF-- THEY HAD TWO
  • 00:36:08.080 --> 00:36:10.140
  • DAUGHTERS, AND SHE BECAME THEIR THIRD DAUGHTER.
  • 00:36:10.160 --> 00:36:12.130
  • THEY JUST RAISED HER IN THE HOME.
  • 00:36:12.150 --> 00:36:14.030
  • - THEY BOUGHT HER, THEY SET HER FREE, THEY GAVE
  • 00:36:14.050 --> 00:36:15.090
  • HER AN EDUCATION.
  • 00:36:15.110 --> 00:36:16.190
  • AT SIX YEARS OLD SHE STARTED TRAINING IN LATIN.
  • 00:36:16.210 --> 00:36:19.020
  • SHE STARTED TRAINING IN GRAMMAR AND MATH.
  • 00:36:19.040 --> 00:36:20.240
  • - AND ENGLISH.
  • 00:36:20.260 --> 00:36:22.040
  • - ENGLISH FOR SURE.
  • 00:36:22.060 --> 00:36:23.170
  • SO SHE'S LEARNING ALL THIS KIND OF STUFF.
  • 00:36:23.190 --> 00:36:25.110
  • WHAT'S INTERESTING IS THAT SHE ACTUALLY
  • 00:36:25.130 --> 00:36:27.080
  • EXCELLED REALLY REMARKABLY.
  • 00:36:27.100 --> 00:36:29.230
  • SHE BECAME VERY VERY GOOD IN ACADEMICS,
  • 00:36:29.250 --> 00:36:32.100
  • PROGRESSED GREATLY.
  • 00:36:32.120 --> 00:36:34.200
  • IN FACT, AT NINE YEARS OLD, SHE WAS ALREADY
  • 00:36:34.220 --> 00:36:37.010
  • BEGINNING TO WRITE POETRY BECAUSE SHE SO GRASPED
  • 00:36:37.030 --> 00:36:39.190
  • GRAMMAR AND THE SYNTAX AND WAY IT FLOWED,
  • 00:36:39.210 --> 00:36:42.120
  • SO SHE'S WRITING THIS.
  • 00:36:42.140 --> 00:36:44.000
  • WELL SHE DOES A REALLY REALLY GOOD JOB WRITING
  • 00:36:44.020 --> 00:36:46.120
  • POETRY. SO SOME OF HER POETRY STARTS GETTING PUBLISHED.
  • 00:36:46.140 --> 00:36:49.100
  • WELL, NOT ONLY DOES IT START GETTING PUBLISHED,
  • 00:36:49.120 --> 00:36:52.020
  • SHE'S SO GOOD AT THE AGE OF 12 THEY ACTUALLY
  • 00:36:52.040 --> 00:36:55.260
  • PUBLISHED HER POETRY.
  • 00:36:55.280 --> 00:36:58.050
  • THEY'RE MAKING IT INTO A BOOK OF HER POETRY.
  • 00:36:58.070 --> 00:37:00.100
  • WELL, HER POETRY--
  • 00:37:00.120 --> 00:37:02.020
  • - SHE'S THE FIRST BLACK POETESS IN AMERICA.
  • 00:37:02.040 --> 00:37:04.100
  • AND THAT'S HER POEMS.
  • 00:37:04.120 --> 00:37:06.290
  • - AND AT 12 YEARS OLD, SHE'S GETTING PUBLISHED.
  • 00:37:07.010 --> 00:37:09.020
  • HER POETRY GETS TO GO BEFORE GEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:37:09.040 --> 00:37:11.250
  • HE READS IT AND GOES THIS IS AMAZING!
  • 00:37:11.270 --> 00:37:13.290
  • DURING THE REVOLUTION, HE REQUESTS THAT THIS LITTLE
  • 00:37:14.010 --> 00:37:16.140
  • GIRL-- WELL, I GUESS SHE WAS A LITTLE OLDER AT THE
  • 00:37:16.160 --> 00:37:18.140
  • TIME, BUT REQUESTED PHILLIS WHEATLEY COMES
  • 00:37:18.160 --> 00:37:20.080
  • AND DOES POETRY READING FOR THE MEN.
  • 00:37:20.100 --> 00:37:24.010
  • HE SAYS THEY WOULD GREATLY BENEFIT BY--
  • 00:37:24.030 --> 00:37:26.150
  • - EARLY U.S.O. IS WHAT IT AMOUNTS TO.
  • 00:37:26.170 --> 00:37:28.090
  • - IT REALLY WAS.
  • 00:37:28.110 --> 00:37:29.210
  • PERFORM FOR THE TROOPS, BOOST THEIR SPIRITS.
  • 00:37:29.230 --> 00:37:31.170
  • - SHE DID A FULL POEM ABOUT GEORGE WASHINGTON,
  • 00:37:31.190 --> 00:37:33.270
  • AND SHE DID A FULL POEM ABOUT GEORGE WHITEFIELD.
  • 00:37:33.290 --> 00:37:36.120
  • SHE DID A FULL-- BOY, IS THIS POLITICALLY
  • 00:37:36.140 --> 00:37:39.000
  • INCORRECT. THAT WHERE THAT BLUE TAB IS IN THERE,
  • 00:37:39.020 --> 00:37:41.220
  • READ THE TITLE OF THAT POEM.
  • 00:37:41.240 --> 00:37:44.040
  • IT'S A VERY SHORT POEM. READ THE TITLE ON IT.
  • 00:37:44.060 --> 00:37:46.130
  • - THE TITLE IS "ON BEING BROUGHT FROM
  • 00:37:46.150 --> 00:37:47.290
  • AFRICA TO AMERICA."
  • 00:37:48.010 --> 00:37:50.220
  • - SHE CAME HERE FROM AFRICA TO AMERICA AS A
  • 00:37:50.240 --> 00:37:52.180
  • SLAVE. NOT A GOOD DEAL.
  • 00:37:52.200 --> 00:37:55.220
  • AND YET SHE SAYS I THANK GOD BECAUSE AS A RESULT,
  • 00:37:55.240 --> 00:37:58.230
  • I FOUND JESUS.
  • 00:37:58.250 --> 00:38:00.200
  • IF I WAS STILL IN AFRICA, I WOULD NOT KNOW JESUS.
  • 00:38:00.220 --> 00:38:05.090
  • SLAVERY, BAD AS IT IS, BROUGHT ME TO JESUS, AND NOW I HAVE
  • 00:38:05.110 --> 00:38:08.170
  • ETERNAL LIFE. SHE SAYS...
  • 00:38:08.190 --> 00:38:10.130
  • AND SHE GOES ON.
  • 00:38:18.280 --> 00:38:20.290
  • SHE SAYS, I'M SO GLAD I'M HERE BECAUSE I LEARNED JESUS, BUT
  • 00:38:21.010 --> 00:38:22.260
  • THAT'S JUST CHRISTIAN FAITH.
  • 00:38:22.280 --> 00:38:24.230
  • - BUT YOU'LL NEVER HEAR PHILLIS WHEATLY IN TEXTBOOKS
  • 00:38:24.250 --> 00:38:26.150
  • AS A CHRISTIAN POETESS. YOU'LL NEVER HEAR THAT ASPECT.
  • 00:38:26.170 --> 00:38:29.030
  • THAT'S JUST SOMETHING WE DON'T DO IN HISTORY ANYMORE.
  • 00:38:29.050 --> 00:38:31.100
  • - THAT'S A PART OF REWRITING THE HISTORY, TOO.
  • 00:38:31.120 --> 00:38:33.260
  • WE WANT TO KEEP THE BIBLICAL PART, THE CHRIST PART, OUT.
  • 00:38:33.280 --> 00:38:37.210
  • THAT'S WHY YOU MENTIONED EARLIER.
  • 00:38:37.230 --> 00:38:39.190
  • HE'S DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, BUT HE WAS REVEREND
  • 00:38:39.210 --> 00:38:41.220
  • MARTIN LUTHER KING.
  • 00:38:41.240 --> 00:38:43.210
  • EVERYTHING, EVERY MOVEMENT BEGAN, THAT WAS SUCCESSFUL,
  • 00:38:43.230 --> 00:38:46.040
  • BEGAN IN THE CHURCH.
  • 00:38:46.060 --> 00:38:48.000
  • IT BEGAN WITH THE FAITH THAT GOD WAS GOING TO
  • 00:38:48.020 --> 00:38:50.270
  • GIVE THE VICTORY.
  • 00:38:50.290 --> 00:38:53.030
  • AND EACH ONE OF THESE PEOPLE THAT WERE SLAVES HAD A FAITH
  • 00:38:53.050 --> 00:38:55.270
  • THAT CAUSED THEM TO BELIEVE.
  • 00:38:55.290 --> 00:38:58.220
  • THEY DID NOT HAVE TO REMAIN A SLAVE, AND THAT'S WHERE MANY
  • 00:38:58.240 --> 00:39:01.190
  • PEOPLE ARE LOSING HOPE TODAY.
  • 00:39:01.210 --> 00:39:03.270
  • THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAME FOUNDATION THAT MANY OF THESE
  • 00:39:03.290 --> 00:39:06.250
  • GREAT MEN AND WOMEN HAD.
  • 00:39:06.270 --> 00:39:08.230
  • ALL WHITE PEOPLE WEREN'T BAD, NO.
  • 00:39:08.250 --> 00:39:11.020
  • YOU HAD A GROUP OF WHITE PEOPLE THAT WERE TAUGHT BY
  • 00:39:11.040 --> 00:39:13.240
  • THEIR PASTORS THAT SLAVERY WAS RIGHT BECAUSE THEY GOT MONEY
  • 00:39:13.260 --> 00:39:16.100
  • FROM THE PLANTATION OWNERS.
  • 00:39:16.120 --> 00:39:18.100
  • AND THEY WOULDN'T PREACH THE TRUTH, BUT UP NORTH, THEY
  • 00:39:18.120 --> 00:39:20.230
  • DIDN'T HAVE PLANTATIONS, SO THEY WOULD PREACH THE TRUTH OF
  • 00:39:20.250 --> 00:39:23.050
  • THE WORD OF GOD.
  • 00:39:23.070 --> 00:39:25.020
  • IT'S THE WORD OF GOD THAT SETS THE PEOPLE FREE,
  • 00:39:25.040 --> 00:39:26.190
  • AND THE MORE WE CONTINUE...
  • 00:39:26.210 --> 00:39:28.070
  • [APPLAUSE]
  • 00:39:28.090 --> 00:39:30.110
  • THE MORE WE CONTINUE TRYING TO ERADICATE GOD OUT OF OUR
  • 00:39:30.130 --> 00:39:33.270
  • SCHOOL SYSTEM, GOD OUT OF OUR COMMUNITY,
  • 00:39:33.290 --> 00:39:37.020
  • OUT OF THE MARKETPLACE, THIS NATION WILL FALL.
  • 00:39:37.040 --> 00:39:40.150
  • AND EVERYBODY WILL BE IN SLAVERY THEN.
  • 00:39:40.170 --> 00:39:43.090
  • BE IN SLAVERY TO A GREATER TASK MASTER THAN ANY HUMAN
  • 00:39:43.110 --> 00:39:46.030
  • BEING COULD EVER BE.
  • 00:39:46.050 --> 00:39:48.050
  • YOU'RE GETTING ME ABOUT READY TO PREACH.
  • 00:39:48.070 --> 00:39:50.100
  • THE HISTORY HAS TO BE KNOWN.
  • 00:39:50.120 --> 00:39:52.130
  • THE TRUTH HAS TO BE KNOWN.
  • 00:39:52.150 --> 00:39:54.110
  • THE FUNDAMENTALS OF LIFE COME FROM THE WORD OF GOD, AND THAT
  • 00:39:54.130 --> 00:39:56.220
  • WORD MUST NOT BE HIDDEN BECAUSE PEOPLE
  • 00:39:56.240 --> 00:39:58.160
  • WANT TO HIDE THAT.
  • 00:39:58.180 --> 00:40:00.090
  • JUST LIKE THEY HID AFRO AMERICAN HISTORY,
  • 00:40:00.110 --> 00:40:02.160
  • THEY'LL HIDE HISTORY OF THE TRUTH ALL THE TIME.
  • 00:40:02.180 --> 00:40:05.010
  • - THIS IS A SPECIAL THAT WE'RE DOING FOR
  • 00:40:05.030 --> 00:40:06.290
  • BLACK HISTORY MONTH.
  • 00:40:07.010 --> 00:40:09.010
  • OBVIOUSLY, WE'RE NOT QUITE BLACK ON THIS THING, BUT THE
  • 00:40:09.030 --> 00:40:13.030
  • BIBLICAL VIEW THAT GOD HAS -- HE SAYS, I DON'T LOOK AT THE
  • 00:40:13.050 --> 00:40:15.260
  • OUTSIDE; I LOOK AT THE INSIDE.
  • 00:40:15.280 --> 00:40:18.080
  • AND IN CHRIST THERE IS NEITHER JEW NOR GREEK NOR SCYTHIAN
  • 00:40:18.100 --> 00:40:21.080
  • NOR FREE NOR BOND NOR SLAVE.
  • 00:40:21.100 --> 00:40:23.070
  • AND THAT'S WHY, AS A WHITE GUY, THOSE ARE MY HEROES
  • 00:40:23.090 --> 00:40:26.270
  • BECAUSE THAT'S PART OF MY HISTORY.
  • 00:40:26.290 --> 00:40:28.170
  • THAT'S PART OF AMERICA, AND I DON'T CARE
  • 00:40:28.190 --> 00:40:30.160
  • WHAT COLOR THEY ARE.
  • 00:40:30.180 --> 00:40:32.040
  • THEY'RE HEROES THAT WE LOOK UP TO.
  • 00:40:32.060 --> 00:40:33.290
  • - I WAS IN THE BOMBING IN 1963.
  • 00:40:34.010 --> 00:40:36.200
  • MY LIFE COULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN BY WHO I KNEW THEN -- ALL I
  • 00:40:36.220 --> 00:40:39.240
  • EVER KNEW ABOUT WHITE PEOPLE IS THEY WERE LYNCHING, THEY
  • 00:40:39.260 --> 00:40:43.270
  • WERE KILLING, THEY WERE DOING ALL THIS STUFF.
  • 00:40:43.290 --> 00:40:45.290
  • AND WHEN IT TOOK THE LIVES OF FOUR GIRLS, I COULD HAVE
  • 00:40:46.010 --> 00:40:48.200
  • TURNED OUT TO BE AS RADICAL AS ANYBODY COULD HAVE BEEN
  • 00:40:48.220 --> 00:40:51.290
  • RADICAL, BUT IT WAS THE WORD OF GOD THAT TOUCHED MY HEART.
  • 00:40:52.010 --> 00:40:54.260
  • I CAME TO SCHOOL RIGHT HERE IN TEXAS, MY FIRST EXPERIENCE IN
  • 00:40:54.280 --> 00:40:57.210
  • AN INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT.
  • 00:40:57.230 --> 00:40:59.110
  • I GREW UP IN SEGREGATED SCHOOLS ALL THE WAY FROM
  • 00:40:59.130 --> 00:41:02.080
  • ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TO HIGH SCHOOL.
  • 00:41:02.100 --> 00:41:04.190
  • I HAD NO ASSOCIATION WITH WHITE PEOPLE.
  • 00:41:04.210 --> 00:41:06.150
  • I COME OUT HERE IN DALLAS, AND I'D GO TO A
  • 00:41:06.170 --> 00:41:08.140
  • COLLEGE THAT'S HERE.
  • 00:41:08.160 --> 00:41:10.070
  • I WON'T NAME THAT COLLEGE NOW, AND ALL THE WHITE KIDS COME UP
  • 00:41:10.090 --> 00:41:12.270
  • TELLING ME ABOUT JESUS.
  • 00:41:12.290 --> 00:41:14.200
  • AND THEY'RE TELLING ME, DO YOU KNOW JESUS AS
  • 00:41:14.220 --> 00:41:16.100
  • YOUR LORD AND SAVIOR?
  • 00:41:16.120 --> 00:41:17.280
  • AND I SAID, UH, I GO TO CHURCH.
  • 00:41:18.000 --> 00:41:20.010
  • AND THEY SAID, DO YOU KNOW HIM AS YOUR LORD AND SAVIOR?
  • 00:41:20.030 --> 00:41:22.090
  • AND I HAD TO LISTEN TO THEM.
  • 00:41:22.110 --> 00:41:24.130
  • AND AS I LEARNED WHAT THEY MEANT BY THAT, THEY WERE
  • 00:41:24.150 --> 00:41:27.040
  • SAYING A PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP, NOT JUST A
  • 00:41:27.060 --> 00:41:29.140
  • CHURCH RELATIONSHIP; NOT HAVING A RELATIONSHIP THROUGH
  • 00:41:29.160 --> 00:41:32.140
  • A PASTOR, BUT KNOWING HIM PERSONALLY.
  • 00:41:32.160 --> 00:41:34.180
  • AND I CAME TO KNOW JESUS AS MY LORD AND SAVIOR.
  • 00:41:34.200 --> 00:41:38.090
  • AND THEN WHAT HAPPENED IS I WENT AROUND WITH MY WHITE
  • 00:41:38.110 --> 00:41:41.110
  • FRIENDS -- AND I HAD NEVER HAD WHITE FRIENDS BEFORE -- GOING TO
  • 00:41:41.130 --> 00:41:45.130
  • REVIVALS WHERE WHITE PEOPLE WERE, HANGING
  • 00:41:45.150 --> 00:41:47.240
  • AROUND WHITE PEOPLE, AND I GOT TO KNOW ALL OF THESE
  • 00:41:47.260 --> 00:41:50.210
  • NICE WHITE PEOPLE BECAUSE I GUESS I WAS THE LITTLE BLACK
  • 00:41:50.230 --> 00:41:53.090
  • KID THAT THEY COULD BRING IN AND SAY, HEY, LOOK, WE
  • 00:41:53.110 --> 00:41:55.130
  • GOT A BLACK KID HERE.
  • 00:41:55.150 --> 00:41:57.070
  • [LAUGHTER]
  • 00:41:57.090 --> 00:41:59.000
  • AND THEY BROUGHT ME IN.
  • 00:41:59.020 --> 00:42:00.200
  • UNTIL ONE DAY, ONE OF THE GIRLS THAT WAS PART OF THE
  • 00:42:00.220 --> 00:42:02.180
  • GROUP SAID, I ASKED MY MOMMY AND DADDY COULD I DATE YOU.
  • 00:42:02.200 --> 00:42:05.070
  • AND I HAD NEVER THOUGHT ABOUT DATING HER, AND I SAID, OH,
  • 00:42:05.090 --> 00:42:07.000
  • WHAT DID THEY SAY?
  • 00:42:07.020 --> 00:42:09.080
  • THEY SAID IT WOULD HARM MY CHRISTIAN WITNESS BECAUSE
  • 00:42:09.100 --> 00:42:12.250
  • BLACK PEOPLE AND WHITE PEOPLE SHOULD NOT ASSOCIATE THAT
  • 00:42:12.270 --> 00:42:15.140
  • CLOSELY WITH ONE ANOTHER.
  • 00:42:15.160 --> 00:42:17.130
  • THEY COULD GET MARRIED, AND THEN WE'D HAVE A
  • 00:42:17.150 --> 00:42:19.280
  • MONGREL RACE OF PEOPLE. THIS COMES FROM --
  • 00:42:20.000 --> 00:42:23.100
  • - THAT'S YOUR WHITE CHRISTIAN FRIEND?
  • 00:42:23.120 --> 00:42:24.260
  • - THIS IS MY WHITE CHRISTIAN FRIEND.
  • 00:42:24.280 --> 00:42:26.140
  • - THAT WAS YOUR WHITE CHRISTIAN FRIEND.
  • 00:42:26.160 --> 00:42:28.020
  • - THEN I GO TO MY WHITE GROUPIES, AND I SAY,
  • 00:42:28.040 --> 00:42:29.230
  • WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THERE?
  • 00:42:29.250 --> 00:42:31.210
  • AND THEY TELL ME, YES, IT'S TRUE.
  • 00:42:31.230 --> 00:42:33.190
  • THE BIBLE SAYS BLACK AND WHITE PEOPLE SHOULDN'T COME
  • 00:42:33.210 --> 00:42:35.040
  • TOGETHER IN THAT MANNER.
  • 00:42:35.060 --> 00:42:36.260
  • I HAD MY BIBLE THAT THEY HAD GIVEN ME FOR ME TO HOLD ONTO.
  • 00:42:36.280 --> 00:42:40.240
  • I SAID, WELL, KEEP YOUR BIBLE IF THAT'S THE WAY IT IS.
  • 00:42:40.260 --> 00:42:44.210
  • I DON'T NEED A RELIGION THAT'S GOING TO ENSLAVE ME.
  • 00:42:44.230 --> 00:42:47.230
  • I NEED A RELIGION THAT RECOGNIZES WHO I AM.
  • 00:42:47.250 --> 00:42:50.160
  • I STARTED STUDYING ISLAM, AND I STARTED READING THE KORAN.
  • 00:42:50.180 --> 00:42:53.140
  • I READ THE KORAN, AND THE HOLY SPIRIT SAID TO ME,
  • 00:42:53.160 --> 00:42:56.050
  • WHAT ARE YOU DOING? I SAID, I'M LOOKING FOR YOU.
  • 00:42:56.070 --> 00:42:58.060
  • WHAT ARE YOU DOING? I'M TRYING TO FIND YOU. WHAT ARE YOU DOING?
  • 00:42:58.080 --> 00:43:01.080
  • I DON'T WANT NO WHITE MAN'S RELIGION.
  • 00:43:01.100 --> 00:43:04.050
  • HE SAID, HAVE YOU READ THE BIBLE?
  • 00:43:04.070 --> 00:43:06.210
  • AND I HAD NOT READ THE BIBLE.
  • 00:43:06.230 --> 00:43:09.110
  • I'D BEEN IN CHURCH ALL MY LIFE, BUT NEVER READ THE BIBLE.
  • 00:43:09.130 --> 00:43:11.230
  • I LISTENED TO WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SAID ABOUT THE BIBLE,
  • 00:43:11.250 --> 00:43:14.070
  • AND I SAID, WELL, I DON'T WANT TO READ NO
  • 00:43:14.090 --> 00:43:16.030
  • WHITE MAN'S RELIGION. HE SAID, HAVE YOU READ THE BIBLE?
  • 00:43:16.050 --> 00:43:18.130
  • AND I STARTED READING THE BIBLE.
  • 00:43:18.150 --> 00:43:20.030
  • THE BIBLE AIN'T NO WHITE MAN'S RELIGION.
  • 00:43:20.050 --> 00:43:22.100
  • IT AIN'T NO BLACK MAN'S RELIGION.
  • 00:43:22.120 --> 00:43:24.080
  • IT IS THE FAITH OF GOD. THAT'S WHAT IT IS.
  • 00:43:24.100 --> 00:43:26.280
  • IT'S THE TRUTH OF GOD, AND I BEGAN SEEING STUFF --
  • 00:43:27.000 --> 00:43:29.280
  • WHAT MY WHITE FRIENDS TOLD ME, THEY WERE LYING.
  • 00:43:30.000 --> 00:43:33.140
  • AND WHAT A LOT OF BLACK PREACHERS TOLD ME,
  • 00:43:33.160 --> 00:43:35.090
  • THEY WERE LYING.
  • 00:43:35.110 --> 00:43:37.060
  • I CAME TO FIND OUT THERE ARE MORE LIES PREACHED IN THE NAME
  • 00:43:37.080 --> 00:43:40.140
  • OF JESUS THAN THERE IS WHAT TRUTH IS, AND THE ONLY WAY A
  • 00:43:40.160 --> 00:43:44.040
  • PERSON WILL KNOW TRUTH IS IF HE READS IT FOR HIMSELF.
  • 00:43:44.060 --> 00:43:46.220
  • THAT'S WHAT EVERY MAN AND WOMAN NEEDS TO DO.
  • 00:43:46.240 --> 00:43:50.010
  • THEY NEED TO SEE IT FOR THEMSELVES, AND WHEN THEY
  • 00:43:50.030 --> 00:43:52.240
  • SEE IT FOR THEMSELVES -- I COULD HATE YOU GUYS.
  • 00:43:52.260 --> 00:43:55.080
  • I KNOW WHAT YOU ALL HAVE DONE.
  • 00:43:55.100 --> 00:43:57.010
  • I KNOW WHAT YOUR HISTORY HAS DONE, NOT ONLY TO US,
  • 00:43:57.030 --> 00:43:59.070
  • BUT TO NATIVE AMERICANS.
  • 00:43:59.090 --> 00:44:00.260
  • AND SO MANY BLACKS WERE HELD DOWN, BUT THE LOVE OF GOD SAYS
  • 00:44:00.280 --> 00:44:05.100
  • THAT WE NO LONGER VIEW ANY MAN ACCORDING TO THE FLESH.
  • 00:44:05.120 --> 00:44:08.080
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:44:08.100 --> 00:44:10.020
  • - AND IF THAT'S THE CASE, I LOOK OUT, AND I SEE THAT WITH
  • 00:44:10.040 --> 00:44:12.170
  • TWO MEN RIGHT HERE, EXPOSING THE HISTORY RIGHT HERE
  • 00:44:12.190 --> 00:44:15.190
  • AND BRINGING THIS OUT.
  • 00:44:15.210 --> 00:44:17.070
  • I SEE TWO PEOPLE WHO ARE CHRISTIANS WHO BELIEVE IN
  • 00:44:17.090 --> 00:44:19.050
  • JESUS AS LORD AND SAVIOR.
  • 00:44:19.070 --> 00:44:21.140
  • THAT MAKES BOTH OF YOU ALL MY BROTHERS.
  • 00:44:21.160 --> 00:44:23.180
  • - THAT'S RIGHT, THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:44:23.200 --> 00:44:26.090
  • - EVEN THOUGH THERE ARE PEOPLE THAT WANT TO
  • 00:44:26.110 --> 00:44:28.110
  • SEE ONLY BLACK AND WHITE.
  • 00:44:28.130 --> 00:44:30.070
  • WE'VE GOT TO START OPENING OUR EYES.
  • 00:44:30.090 --> 00:44:31.280
  • THESE MEN WEREN'T SEEING BLACK AND WHITE.
  • 00:44:32.000 --> 00:44:34.100
  • WHAT THEY WERE SEEING WAS HUMAN BEINGS AND THE RIGHT TO
  • 00:44:34.120 --> 00:44:36.260
  • LIFE, THE RIGHT TO FIGHT FOR FREEDOM, AND THEY FOUGHT FOR
  • 00:44:36.280 --> 00:44:40.120
  • FREEDOM BECAUSE THEY HAD A HIGHER STANDARD THAN THE
  • 00:44:40.140 --> 00:44:43.270
  • STANDARD THAT MEN TOLD THEM WHAT TO BELIEVE,
  • 00:44:43.290 --> 00:44:47.200
  • HOW TO VOTE, HOW TO THINK, DO THIS, DO THIS.
  • 00:44:47.220 --> 00:44:49.290
  • THE WORD OF GOD SET THEM FREE.
  • 00:44:50.010 --> 00:44:51.250
  • - AND SO BISHOP, AS WE'RE SAYING THIS, AS WE LOOK BACK,
  • 00:44:51.270 --> 00:44:54.120
  • HOW MANY PASTORS WERE THE LEADERS --
  • 00:44:54.140 --> 00:44:56.260
  • - PASTORS, BECAUSE THEY KNEW THE TRUTH.
  • 00:44:56.280 --> 00:44:58.260
  • - BUT THAT ALSO TO ME THEN SAYS THE ONLY HOPE FOR ANY
  • 00:44:58.280 --> 00:45:02.080
  • KIND OF RECONCILIATION WITH ISSUES TODAY HAS TO BE FAITH.
  • 00:45:02.100 --> 00:45:05.040
  • - FAITH.
  • 00:45:05.060 --> 00:45:07.040
  • - BECAUSE IF WE CAN'T COME TOGETHER AS GOD'S KIDS, IF WE
  • 00:45:07.060 --> 00:45:09.090
  • CAN'T SEE THE VALUE THAT WE ARE SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF GOD --
  • 00:45:09.110 --> 00:45:12.140
  • - I'D SAY IT HAS TO BE MORE THAN FAITH.
  • 00:45:12.160 --> 00:45:14.060
  • IT HAS TO BE THE BIBLE. THAT'S WHAT HIS WORD IS.
  • 00:45:14.080 --> 00:45:15.200
  • - WHAT YOU SAID.
  • 00:45:15.220 --> 00:45:17.210
  • THIS BLACK MAN TAUGHT FROM THIS, AND WHAT HE TAUGHT WAS
  • 00:45:17.230 --> 00:45:21.040
  • NOT BLACK THEOLOGY. IT WAS NOT WHITE THEOLOGY.
  • 00:45:21.060 --> 00:45:24.050
  • IT WAS GOD THEOLOGY, AND THAT'S WHAT THIS NATION WAS
  • 00:45:24.070 --> 00:45:27.200
  • BUILT UPON: DIGNITY AND WORTH OF EVERY HUMAN BEING.
  • 00:45:27.220 --> 00:45:31.270
  • IT'S ESPOUSED THAT GOD SO LOVED THE WORLD, HE SENT
  • 00:45:31.290 --> 00:45:35.160
  • HIS ONLY BEGOTTEN SON THAT WHO SO EVER...
  • 00:45:35.180 --> 00:45:38.130
  • IT DIDN'T SAY BLACK AND WHITE OR WHITE.
  • 00:45:38.150 --> 00:45:40.110
  • IT DIDN'T SAY WHATEVER COLOR, WHATEVER DENOMINATION, WHATEVER.
  • 00:45:40.130 --> 00:45:43.120
  • HE SAID "WHOSOEVER", AND HE READ FROM THIS BOOK,
  • 00:45:43.140 --> 00:45:47.190
  • AND THAT BOOK IS WHERE LIGHT COMES FROM.
  • 00:45:47.210 --> 00:45:49.180
  • THAT'S WHAT OUR NATION NEEDS TODAY IS TO HEAR FROM THIS
  • 00:45:49.200 --> 00:45:52.120
  • UNCHANGING WORD OF GOD. AND THE TRUTH OF ALL THESE THINGS.
  • 00:45:52.140 --> 00:45:57.200
  • WE MUST STOP HIDING IT.
  • 00:45:57.220 --> 00:45:59.260
  • WE BRING IT FORTH AND LET IT STAND AS IT IS.
  • 00:45:59.280 --> 00:46:02.170
  • AND THIS IS THE WORD OF GOD BECAUSE THIS IS THE TRUTH,
  • 00:46:02.190 --> 00:46:05.220
  • AND YOU SEE THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY.
  • 00:46:05.240 --> 00:46:08.000
  • AND WE NEED TO KNOW THE GOOD, AND BAD AND THE
  • 00:46:08.020 --> 00:46:10.010
  • UGLY OF OUR NATION.
  • 00:46:10.030 --> 00:46:12.050
  • BUT WHEN WE HAVE THIS AS THE RULE, THEN WE CAN ALL COME
  • 00:46:12.070 --> 00:46:15.030
  • TOGETHER AS BROTHERS AND SISTERS AND LIVE TOGETHER.
  • 00:46:15.050 --> 00:46:18.150
  • ACCORDING TO WHAT MARTIN LUTHER KING SAID THAT ONE DAY,
  • 00:46:18.170 --> 00:46:22.250
  • THE BLACK BOYS AND LITTLE GIRLS AND WHITE BOYS AND
  • 00:46:22.270 --> 00:46:26.120
  • LITTLE GIRLS IN MISSISSIPPI AND IN ALABAMA COULD JOIN
  • 00:46:26.140 --> 00:46:29.290
  • HANDS TOGETHER AND THEY COULD SHOW BROTHERLY
  • 00:46:30.010 --> 00:46:32.240
  • LOVE TO ONE ANOTHER.
  • 00:46:32.260 --> 00:46:34.240
  • THIS IS WHAT THE WORD OF GOD TEACHES.
  • 00:46:34.260 --> 00:46:36.290
  • THAT'S THE HISTORY THAT HAS BEEN HIDDEN, THAT THEY WERE
  • 00:46:37.010 --> 00:46:39.170
  • GODLY BLACK MEN AND GODLY WHITE MEN.
  • 00:46:39.190 --> 00:46:43.130
  • - GOD'S WORD ALSO TELLS US WE DON'T PUT PEOPLE IN A BOX.
  • 00:46:43.150 --> 00:46:45.170
  • SO WE DON'T LOOK AND SEE JUST BASED ON SOMEONE'S COLOR
  • 00:46:45.190 --> 00:46:48.050
  • AND RACE OR ETHNICITY.
  • 00:46:48.070 --> 00:46:50.060
  • WHEN WE READ THE BIBLE, WE LEARN TO WALK IN LOVE.
  • 00:46:50.080 --> 00:46:53.160
  • WE LEARN ABOUT A LOVE THAT FORGIVES.
  • 00:46:53.180 --> 00:46:56.270
  • - A LOVE THAT FORGIVES IS A LOVE THAT ALWAYS WINS.
  • 00:46:56.290 --> 00:47:01.060
  • A LOVE THAT FORGIVES ALWAYS GETS THE VICTORY BECAUSE WE
  • 00:47:01.080 --> 00:47:05.040
  • SEE THAT'S WHAT CHRIST DID.
  • 00:47:05.060 --> 00:47:07.130
  • THEY THOUGHT THEY HAD HIM DEFEATED, AND THEY PUT HIM IN
  • 00:47:07.150 --> 00:47:11.120
  • THE GRAVE, BUT THAT LOVE, LOVE THAT IS CRUSHED TO THE GROUND,
  • 00:47:11.140 --> 00:47:16.020
  • THOUGH IT'S PRESSED DOWN, WILL ALWAYS RISE BACK, AND IT WILL
  • 00:47:16.040 --> 00:47:20.200
  • REACH OUT AND EMBRACE AND BRING SHELTER AND
  • 00:47:20.220 --> 00:47:25.050
  • COMFORT TO OTHERS. LOVE ALWAYS CONQUERS.
  • 00:47:25.070 --> 00:47:28.160
  • [APPLAUSE]
  • 00:47:28.180 --> 00:47:33.070
  • - KNOWING THERE'S A LOT OF BLACK HISTORY,
  • 00:47:33.090 --> 00:47:35.040
  • IT'S BEEN HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:47:35.060 --> 00:47:37.080
  • WE WOULD LOVE INFORM KNOW IF THERE'S ANY QUESTIONS WE CAN
  • 00:47:37.100 --> 00:47:39.030
  • HELP ANSWER BEFORE WE FINISH AND WRAP UP THE SHOW,
  • 00:47:39.050 --> 00:47:40.230
  • SO DOES ANYBODY HAVE ANY QUESTIONS. YES, SIR?
  • 00:47:40.250 --> 00:47:44.140
  • - YES, I HAVE A QUESTION CONCERNING HARRIET TUBMAN AND
  • 00:47:44.160 --> 00:47:48.270
  • THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD WHERE HARRIET TUBMAN
  • 00:47:48.290 --> 00:47:51.260
  • WAS A FREED SLAVE.
  • 00:47:51.280 --> 00:47:53.200
  • SHE ESCAPED, AND SHE CAME BACK TO GET MORE SLAVES TO GO BACK
  • 00:47:53.220 --> 00:47:55.160
  • UP NORTH, WHICH TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE.
  • 00:47:55.180 --> 00:47:58.070
  • BUT THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD, I NEVER REALLY GOT THOROUGHLY
  • 00:47:58.090 --> 00:48:02.090
  • INTO IT, BUT DID IT CONSIST OF WHITE FOLKS HELPING
  • 00:48:02.110 --> 00:48:05.070
  • HER TO THE NORTH?
  • 00:48:05.090 --> 00:48:06.200
  • - ABSOLUTELY.
  • 00:48:06.220 --> 00:48:08.100
  • - CAN YOU EXPLAIN SOME OF THAT.
  • 00:48:08.120 --> 00:48:09.290
  • - SO THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD WAS LARGELY DONE BY RELIGIOUS
  • 00:48:10.010 --> 00:48:11.130
  • PEOPLE, BY PASTORS.
  • 00:48:11.150 --> 00:48:14.150
  • - AND BY THE WAY, RICHARD ALLEN WAS IN SLAVERY IN
  • 00:48:14.170 --> 00:48:17.240
  • MARYLAND, AND HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FREEDOM.
  • 00:48:17.260 --> 00:48:21.100
  • HE WALKED TO PHILADELPHIA FROM MARYLAND.
  • 00:48:21.120 --> 00:48:23.260
  • WHEN HE GOT THERE, HE STARTED PREACHING AND BECAME
  • 00:48:23.280 --> 00:48:26.130
  • A PASTOR, ET CETERA.
  • 00:48:26.150 --> 00:48:28.100
  • BUT HE HAS A GREAT SERMON WHERE HE TELLS HIS PEOPLE, HE
  • 00:48:28.120 --> 00:48:32.080
  • SAYS, TWO THINGS: ONE IS GOD WILL NOT ALLOW BITTERNESS.
  • 00:48:32.100 --> 00:48:36.150
  • HE DIDN'T ALLOW IT IN ISRAEL, A ROOT OF BITTERNESS, AND IF
  • 00:48:36.170 --> 00:48:39.260
  • HE WON'T ALLOW IT IN ISRAEL, HE'S NOT GOING TO ALLOW IT IN
  • 00:48:39.280 --> 00:48:42.100
  • YOU, AND I DON'T CARE WHAT HARDSHIPS YOU'VE HAD,
  • 00:48:42.120 --> 00:48:44.120
  • YOU CAN'T BE BITTER.
  • 00:48:44.140 --> 00:48:46.080
  • NUMBER TWO, HE SAID REMEMBER THAT THERE ARE MANY, MANY
  • 00:48:46.100 --> 00:48:48.160
  • WHITE PEOPLE WORKING ON OUR BENEFIT, AND THAT WAS THE
  • 00:48:48.180 --> 00:48:51.010
  • UNDERGROUND RAILROAD.
  • 00:48:51.030 --> 00:48:52.280
  • AND SO MUCH OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD WAS WHITE
  • 00:48:53.000 --> 00:48:55.050
  • ABOLITIONISTS BRINGING PLAQUE SLAVES OUT OF THE SOUTH TO
  • 00:48:55.070 --> 00:48:57.260
  • FREEDOM IN THE NORTH.
  • 00:48:57.280 --> 00:48:59.140
  • IT COST THEM THEIR LIVES.
  • 00:48:59.160 --> 00:49:01.090
  • ELIJAH LOVEJOY WAS A PREACHER IN ILLINOIS.
  • 00:49:01.110 --> 00:49:05.110
  • ACTUALLY, HE WAS IN MISSOURI, AND MISSOURI WAS A SLAVE
  • 00:49:05.130 --> 00:49:08.260
  • STATE, AND HE WAS A NEWSPAPER EDITOR WRITING ALL THESE
  • 00:49:08.280 --> 00:49:13.130
  • ARTICLES AGAINST SLAVERY, AND SO THEY BURNED HIS PRESSES
  • 00:49:13.150 --> 00:49:16.270
  • DOWN THREE TIMES OVER IN MISSOURI.
  • 00:49:16.290 --> 00:49:19.010
  • HE SAYS, WELL, I'LL GO OVER TO ILLINOIS.
  • 00:49:19.030 --> 00:49:20.200
  • THAT'S A FREE STATE.
  • 00:49:20.220 --> 00:49:22.230
  • HE GOES OVER TO ILLINOIS, AND REVEREND LOVEJOY, THEY COME
  • 00:49:22.250 --> 00:49:26.000
  • AFTER HIM THE FOURTH TIME, AND THEY BUST HIS PRESSES UP.
  • 00:49:26.020 --> 00:49:27.220
  • NOW HE'S IN A FREE STATE.
  • 00:49:27.240 --> 00:49:29.140
  • THEY END UP ASSASSINATING HIM AND KILLING HIM AND HE WAS ONE
  • 00:49:29.160 --> 00:49:31.160
  • OF THOSE GUYS WORKING ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD.
  • 00:49:31.180 --> 00:49:33.220
  • SO THERE'S A LOT OF WHITE MARTYRS ON THIS CAUSE BECAUSE
  • 00:49:33.240 --> 00:49:36.160
  • IT'S NOT A BLACK WHITE ISSUE. IT'S A SIN ISSUE.
  • 00:49:36.180 --> 00:49:38.250
  • IT'S A RIGHT AND WRONG ISSUE.
  • 00:49:38.270 --> 00:49:40.270
  • SLAVERY IS WRONG, END OF STORY, THAT'S IT.
  • 00:49:40.290 --> 00:49:43.030
  • - WELL, THERE'S ONE OTHER POINT YOU MAKE HERE.
  • 00:49:43.050 --> 00:49:45.180
  • YOU TALK ABOUT WHITES BEING INVOLVED.
  • 00:49:45.200 --> 00:49:47.090
  • NOW, LET ME TELL YOU THE GREATEST INVOLVEMENT OF
  • 00:49:47.110 --> 00:49:50.170
  • WHITES, AND BLACK PEOPLE DID NOT REVOLT TO GET THEIR
  • 00:49:50.190 --> 00:49:54.170
  • FREEDOM FROM SLAVERY.
  • 00:49:54.190 --> 00:49:56.290
  • IT WAS NOT A REVOLUTION THAT DID IT.
  • 00:49:57.010 --> 00:49:59.070
  • IN ORDER FOR BLACK PEOPLE TO BE FREED FROM SLAVERY, IT TOOK
  • 00:49:59.090 --> 00:50:03.070
  • A LOT OF WHITE PEOPLE THAT HAD TO DIE FIGHTING FOR BLACK
  • 00:50:03.090 --> 00:50:07.260
  • PEOPLE TO GET FREE FROM SLAVERY, AND THAT'S SOMETHING
  • 00:50:07.280 --> 00:50:11.230
  • THAT'S NOT EVEN WRITTEN.
  • 00:50:11.250 --> 00:50:13.160
  • YOU DON'T HEAR A LOT ABOUT THAT, BUT IT WAS A LOT OF GOOD
  • 00:50:13.180 --> 00:50:15.200
  • WHITE FOLK THAT GAVE THEIR LIVES SO THAT WE, AS BLACK
  • 00:50:15.220 --> 00:50:19.110
  • PEOPLE, COULD BE FREE.
  • 00:50:19.130 --> 00:50:21.020
  • WE HAVE TO STOP SEEING PEOPLE AS BLACK AND WHITE AND RACE.
  • 00:50:21.040 --> 00:50:25.260
  • WE HAVE TO START SEEING PEOPLE AS HUMAN BEINGS, AND EVERYONE
  • 00:50:25.280 --> 00:50:30.010
  • LEARNING TO LOVE LIKE CHRIST SAYS TO LOVE.
  • 00:50:30.030 --> 00:50:33.150
  • - THAT'S RIGHT. - ANOTHER QUESTION. YES, SIR?
  • 00:50:33.170 --> 00:50:38.060
  • - YES, I WAS VERY INTERESTED IN THE STORY, AND I WAS JUST
  • 00:50:38.080 --> 00:50:42.030
  • WONDERING HOW CAN I DO ANYTHING TO HELP GET SOME OF
  • 00:50:42.050 --> 00:50:47.250
  • THIS INFORMATION OUT TO PEOPLE THAT MAY NOT HAVE KNOWN,
  • 00:50:47.270 --> 00:50:52.150
  • JUST LIKE I DIDN'T KNOW.
  • 00:50:52.170 --> 00:50:54.000
  • - SURE.
  • 00:50:54.020 --> 00:50:55.220
  • - AND ALSO HOW DO I GET HOLD OF SOME OF THAT POETRY THAT
  • 00:50:55.240 --> 00:50:58.260
  • THE LADY PUT OUT?
  • 00:50:58.280 --> 00:51:01.150
  • - WELL, SO A LOT OF THE STORIES AND PORTRAITS ARE
  • 00:51:01.170 --> 00:51:04.090
  • AVAILABLE ON THE "WALLBUILDERS" WEB SITE.
  • 00:51:04.110 --> 00:51:06.010
  • SO WE HAVE A LOT OF STORIES.
  • 00:51:06.030 --> 00:51:07.210
  • YOU ACTUALLY CAN DOWNLOAD SOME OF THE IMAGES AND PICTURES
  • 00:51:07.230 --> 00:51:09.260
  • THERE, BUT I WOULD SAY ONE OF THE THINGS TO DO --
  • 00:51:09.280 --> 00:51:12.040
  • AND HOW DO WE SHARE THIS WITH OUR FRIENDS?
  • 00:51:12.060 --> 00:51:13.250
  • ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE'VE LONG TALKED ABOUT FROM THE
  • 00:51:13.270 --> 00:51:16.160
  • BIBLE IN SONG OF SOLOMON IT SAYS, "YOUR FRIENDS LISTEN TO
  • 00:51:16.180 --> 00:51:20.160
  • YOUR VOICE, SO SPEAK." AND A LOT OF TIMES, WE LOOK FOR
  • 00:51:20.180 --> 00:51:23.040
  • PEOPLE WITH A PLATFORM TO BE THE ONE COMMUNICATING WHEN, IN
  • 00:51:23.060 --> 00:51:25.210
  • REALITY, JESUS TOOK 12 FISHERMEN AND TAX COLLECTORS
  • 00:51:25.230 --> 00:51:31.030
  • AND NOBODIES AND SAID, JUST GO TELL PEOPLE.
  • 00:51:31.050 --> 00:51:33.120
  • AND WHEN THEY STARTED TELLING PEOPLE, THERE'S A DISCIPLESHIP
  • 00:51:33.140 --> 00:51:36.100
  • THAT'S A LOST ART IN OUR CULTURE, AND A LOT OF TIMES WE
  • 00:51:36.120 --> 00:51:38.230
  • THINK, WHO AM I GOING TO TELL?
  • 00:51:38.250 --> 00:51:40.170
  • WELL, IF YOU FLIP BURGERS AT MCDONALDS, TELL
  • 00:51:40.190 --> 00:51:42.000
  • ANOTHER BURGER FLIPPERS, RIGHT?
  • 00:51:42.020 --> 00:51:43.220
  • IF YOU'RE SHINGLING A ROOF, WELL, TELL THE GUYS THAT ARE
  • 00:51:43.240 --> 00:51:46.140
  • HELP SHINGLE WITH YOU.
  • 00:51:46.160 --> 00:51:48.150
  • WHATEVER YOU DO, IF YOU'RE CHECKING OUT AT THE GROCERY
  • 00:51:48.170 --> 00:51:50.230
  • STORE, WE HAVE A LOT MORE OPPORTUNITIES SOMETIMES,
  • 00:51:50.250 --> 00:51:53.120
  • AND SOMETIMES WE'RE WANTING SOMEBODY ELSE WHO HAS THIS
  • 00:51:53.140 --> 00:51:55.170
  • BISHOP CHURCH POSITION.
  • 00:51:55.190 --> 00:51:58.130
  • WELL, BISHOP, YOU JUST NEED TO START TELLING PEOPLE.
  • 00:51:58.150 --> 00:52:00.200
  • WELL, HE DOES, BUT IT'S REALLY SOMETHING -- WE HAVE A LOT
  • 00:52:00.220 --> 00:52:04.060
  • MORE OPPORTUNITIES SOMETIMES THAN WE UTILIZE, BUT WHAT THE
  • 00:52:04.080 --> 00:52:06.240
  • BIBLE SAYS IS, "YOUR FRIENDS LISTEN TO YOUR VOICE, SO
  • 00:52:06.260 --> 00:52:09.130
  • SPEAK." THAT WOULD BE MY FIRST THOUGHT, AND IF YOU'RE LOOKING
  • 00:52:09.150 --> 00:52:11.130
  • FOR POETRY, YOU CAN GO TO GOOGLE BOOKS, AND A LOT OF IT
  • 00:52:11.150 --> 00:52:13.220
  • YOU CAN FIND ON GOOGLE WHERE YOU CAN JUST GO AND READ IT.
  • 00:52:13.240 --> 00:52:16.110
  • IT WOULD BE A LITTLE HARDER TO GET A REPRINT OF IT, BUT YOU
  • 00:52:16.130 --> 00:52:19.040
  • CAN GO AND READ IT ONLINE AND SEE A LOT OF WHAT SHE DID
  • 00:52:19.060 --> 00:52:21.050
  • WRITE EVEN THE THINGS ABOUT GEORGE WASHINGTON, ABOUT
  • 00:52:21.070 --> 00:52:23.030
  • GEORGE WHITEFIELD, ABOUT HER COMING TO AMERICA, HER
  • 00:52:23.050 --> 00:52:25.210
  • CHRISTIANITY, HER FAITH.
  • 00:52:25.230 --> 00:52:28.000
  • SO YOU CAN FIND A LOT OF THAT ON GOOGLE BOOKS.
  • 00:52:28.020 --> 00:52:29.180
  • IS THERE ANOTHER QUESTION? YES, SIR?
  • 00:52:29.200 --> 00:52:31.170
  • - YES, FAITH IS SUCH A HUGE PART OF AMERICAN HISTORY, AND
  • 00:52:31.190 --> 00:52:34.260
  • I WAS WONDERING AT WHAT POINT WOULD IT BE OKAY TO WRITE THAT
  • 00:52:34.280 --> 00:52:38.100
  • OUT OF OUR TEXTBOOKS AND THE BEST WAY TO INCORPORATE THAT
  • 00:52:38.120 --> 00:52:41.110
  • INTO THE CONTINUING TEACHING OF OUR HISTORY?
  • 00:52:41.130 --> 00:52:45.080
  • - THE ANSWER TO THAT IS PRETTY SIMPLE.
  • 00:52:45.100 --> 00:52:48.070
  • IT GOES BACK TO THE BIBLE VERSE BISHOP USED THAT WHEN
  • 00:52:48.090 --> 00:52:50.160
  • THE RIGHTEOUS RULE, THE PEOPLE REJOICE; THE WICKED RULE,
  • 00:52:50.180 --> 00:52:52.210
  • THE PEOPLE GROAN.
  • 00:52:52.230 --> 00:52:54.200
  • IT REALLY IS WHOSE IN CHARGE, AND WHAT HAPPENED WAS IN THE
  • 00:52:54.220 --> 00:52:56.240
  • 1920s, AND 30s, FOR WHATEVER REASON, PREACHERS STARTED
  • 00:52:56.260 --> 00:53:00.110
  • SAYING, HEY, CHRISTIANS, YOU WANT TO DO
  • 00:53:00.130 --> 00:53:02.040
  • SOMETHING GOOD FOR GOD?
  • 00:53:02.060 --> 00:53:03.270
  • BE A PASTOR, BE A MISSIONARY, BUT STAY OUT OF SCIENCE.
  • 00:53:03.290 --> 00:53:05.150
  • OH, MY GOSH. DON'T BE GETTING THAT EDUCATION.
  • 00:53:05.170 --> 00:53:06.280
  • STAY OUT OF POLITICS.
  • 00:53:07.000 --> 00:53:08.160
  • AND SO WE STARTED PULLING CHRISTIANS OUT OF
  • 00:53:08.180 --> 00:53:10.030
  • ALL OF THESE ARENAS.
  • 00:53:10.050 --> 00:53:11.190
  • WHEN YOU PULL CHRISTIANS OUT OF THOSE ARENAS, YOU PULL
  • 00:53:11.210 --> 00:53:13.130
  • CHRISTIAN VALUES AND CHRISTIAN THINKING OUT OF THOSE ARENAS.
  • 00:53:13.150 --> 00:53:15.180
  • THEY'RE GOING TO BE FILLED BY SOMEBODY.
  • 00:53:15.200 --> 00:53:17.190
  • SO POLITICS GOT FILLED BY A LOT OF SECULAR FOLKS, AND
  • 00:53:17.210 --> 00:53:20.210
  • EDUCATION GOT FILLED BY SECULAR FOLKS AND SCIENCE GOT
  • 00:53:20.230 --> 00:53:23.110
  • FILLED BY SECULAR FOLKS.
  • 00:53:23.130 --> 00:53:25.120
  • SO WHY ARE WE SURPRISED TODAY THAT SCIENCE IS SO SECULAR?
  • 00:53:25.140 --> 00:53:28.280
  • THAT WE HAVE SUCH SECULAR HISTORY BECAUSE WE HAVE NO
  • 00:53:29.000 --> 00:53:32.040
  • GOD-THINKING PEOPLE IN IT.
  • 00:53:32.060 --> 00:53:34.020
  • THIS IS ACTUAL HISTORY, BUT YOU'VE BEEN MISSING IT
  • 00:53:34.040 --> 00:53:36.140
  • FOR SO LONG, YOU THINK IT'S NO HISTORY.
  • 00:53:36.160 --> 00:53:38.190
  • WHEN YOU PULLED THE CHRISTIANS OUT OF THERE IN THE 20s AND
  • 00:53:38.210 --> 00:53:40.190
  • 30s, BY THE 40s AND 50s, THE OTHER GUYS ARE IN THERE, AND
  • 00:53:40.210 --> 00:53:43.180
  • YOU WILL FIND THAT AFTER WORLD WAR TWO, THERE IS A DECIDED
  • 00:53:43.200 --> 00:53:46.140
  • SHIFT TOWARDS SECULAR HISTORY.
  • 00:53:46.160 --> 00:53:48.250
  • YOU NO LONGER GET A GOD VIEW OF ANYTHING, AND YOU JUST
  • 00:53:48.270 --> 00:53:51.190
  • WON'T FIND THAT TODAY.
  • 00:53:51.210 --> 00:53:53.140
  • - ALL RIGHT, ARE THERE ANY OTHER QUESTIONS? YES?
  • 00:53:53.160 --> 00:53:56.180
  • - SO IF BLACK HEROES HAVE BEEN WRITTEN OUT OF HISTORY,
  • 00:53:56.200 --> 00:53:59.030
  • WHO ELSE HAS BEEN WREN OUT OF HISTORY?
  • 00:53:59.050 --> 00:54:00.220
  • HAVE WOMEN? HAVE NATIVE AMERICANS?
  • 00:54:00.240 --> 00:54:02.100
  • WHAT ELSE ARE WE NOT LEARNING TODAY?
  • 00:54:02.120 --> 00:54:04.280
  • - THAT'S A GREAT QUESTION.
  • 00:54:05.000 --> 00:54:06.210
  • I WOULD SAY CERTAINLY ONE OF THE OBVIOUS ASPECTS TO ME
  • 00:54:06.230 --> 00:54:09.060
  • WOULD BE THE FAITH ELEMENT.
  • 00:54:09.080 --> 00:54:11.030
  • - FAITH ELEMENT IS GONE.
  • 00:54:11.050 --> 00:54:13.000
  • IF I SAY MARGARET BRANT, OR IF I SAY M.K.
  • 00:54:13.020 --> 00:54:15.020
  • GODDARD, OR IF I START GOING THROUGH -- WHO ARE THEY?
  • 00:54:15.040 --> 00:54:18.280
  • - I DO NOT KNOW.
  • 00:54:19.000 --> 00:54:20.200
  • - THEY'RE ALL ELECTED WOMEN, ELECTED TO OFFICE BACK
  • 00:54:20.220 --> 00:54:23.020
  • IN THE AMERICAN FOUNDING.
  • 00:54:23.040 --> 00:54:25.100
  • IF I START GOING THROUGH ALL THE WOMEN OF THE AMERICAN
  • 00:54:25.120 --> 00:54:27.270
  • REVOLUTION, START PULLING NAMES OUT AND GIVE YOU THOSE
  • 00:54:27.290 --> 00:54:30.110
  • NAMES, AND AS TIM POINTED OUT, FAITH IS A BIG DEAL.
  • 00:54:30.130 --> 00:54:34.000
  • WE'RE TOLD THAT THOSE WHO FOUNDED THE NATION WERE
  • 00:54:34.020 --> 00:54:36.270
  • LARGELY ATHEISTS, AGNOSTICS, AND DEISTS.
  • 00:54:36.290 --> 00:54:39.150
  • - OR EVEN NAMES WE HEAR LIKE FREDERICK DOUGLAS.
  • 00:54:39.170 --> 00:54:41.120
  • WE'RE NOT TOLD THAT HE WAS REVEREND, A PREACHER.
  • 00:54:41.140 --> 00:54:43.070
  • - THERE'S A SECULAR VIEW ON THINGS.
  • 00:54:43.090 --> 00:54:45.010
  • ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAVE DONE IS COLLECT THE ORIGINALS,
  • 00:54:45.030 --> 00:54:49.290
  • AND WHEN YOU COLLECT THE ORIGINALS,
  • 00:54:50.010 --> 00:54:52.140
  • THAT'S WHERE YOU GET TRUTH.
  • 00:54:52.160 --> 00:54:54.080
  • AND NOW YOU HEAR GENERATIONS AWAY, AND PEOPLE SAY, OH,
  • 00:54:54.100 --> 00:54:57.190
  • FREDERICK DOUGLAS OR DR. KING. HE WAS A CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER.
  • 00:54:57.210 --> 00:55:01.020
  • NO, HE WASN'T. HE WAS A PASTOR WHO GOT INVOLVED IN CIVIL
  • 00:55:01.040 --> 00:55:04.000
  • RIGHTS, BUT HE WAS A PASTOR FIRST, AND THAT'S WHAT HE
  • 00:55:04.020 --> 00:55:06.060
  • WAS LONG BEFORE THE CIVIL RIGHTS STUFF CAME ALONG.
  • 00:55:06.080 --> 00:55:09.040
  • AND WHAT HAPPENS TODAY IS HISTORY'S BECOME A
  • 00:55:09.060 --> 00:55:11.220
  • POLITICAL AGENDA TOOL.
  • 00:55:11.240 --> 00:55:13.250
  • IF WE'RE SECULAR GUYS, WE'RE GOING TO SHOW YOU ALL THE
  • 00:55:13.270 --> 00:55:16.040
  • SECULAR STUFF AND TELL YOU EVERYBODY ELSE DIDN'T EXIST.
  • 00:55:16.060 --> 00:55:18.190
  • NO, YOU TEACH THE GOOD, THE BAD, THE UGLY.
  • 00:55:18.210 --> 00:55:20.230
  • YOU PUT IT OUT THERE, AND THAT'S WHY YOU ALWAYS
  • 00:55:20.250 --> 00:55:23.020
  • WANT TO BE BAG FOR TRUTH.
  • 00:55:23.040 --> 00:55:25.070
  • YOU GO BACK TO ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS.
  • 00:55:25.090 --> 00:55:27.050
  • I DON'T CARE HOW MANY Ph.Ds YOU GOT AFTER YOUR NAME, I
  • 00:55:27.070 --> 00:55:29.200
  • DON'T CARE IF YOU'RE A PROFESSOR OF
  • 00:55:29.220 --> 00:55:31.100
  • PRINCETON UNIVERSITY. THAT WAS NOT TRUTH.
  • 00:55:31.120 --> 00:55:32.290
  • THERE'S TRUTH SITTING RIGHT THERE.
  • 00:55:33.010 --> 00:55:34.220
  • THERE'S THE ACTUAL DOCUMENTS OF THESE GUYS.
  • 00:55:34.240 --> 00:55:36.080
  • THERE ARE PICTURES, PHOTOS. ALL OF THIS STUFF BACK HERE.
  • 00:55:36.100 --> 00:55:38.060
  • WE JUST DON'T KNOW IT TODAY, AND HISTORY SHOULD NEVER BE AN
  • 00:55:38.080 --> 00:55:40.170
  • AGENDA TOOL, BUT IT HAS BECOME AN AGENDA TOOL.
  • 00:55:40.190 --> 00:55:43.000
  • - SOMEBODY HAS TO STAND FOR TRUTH.
  • 00:55:43.020 --> 00:55:45.130
  • THE AVERAGE AMERICAN CAN BE THE ONE THAT
  • 00:55:45.150 --> 00:55:48.160
  • CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:55:48.180 --> 00:55:50.190
  • EVERY ONE OF YOU OUT THERE CAN BECOME INVOLVED.
  • 00:55:50.210 --> 00:55:53.140
  • AND IF YOU BECOME INVOLVED, YOU MAKE A DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:55:53.160 --> 00:55:56.190
  • IF WE JUST START STANDING FOR TRUTH.
  • 00:55:56.210 --> 00:56:01.000
  • IF WE WOULD JUST BEGIN TO MAKE A STAND AND STOP ACCEPTING THE
  • 00:56:01.020 --> 00:56:05.010
  • SLAVERY THAT'S BEING IMPRESSED UPON US,
  • 00:56:05.030 --> 00:56:08.070
  • WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:56:08.090 --> 00:56:10.250
  • WE ALL CAN BE HISTORY AND MAKE A CHANGE FOR THE BETTER.
  • 00:56:10.270 --> 00:56:15.290
  • IMAGINE IF EVERY ONE OF YOU WOULD JUST MAKE A
  • 00:56:16.010 --> 00:56:18.200
  • COMMITMENT TO SAY, I WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:56:18.220 --> 00:56:21.130
  • LOOK WHAT GOD CAN DO WITH YOU.
  • 00:56:21.150 --> 00:56:23.230
  • IF HE DID IT WITH ME -- I'M A NOBODY, AND HE'S MADE THIS --
  • 00:56:23.250 --> 00:56:26.090
  • LOOK WHERE I AM NOW. I'M TALKING TO YOU. GOD DID THAT.
  • 00:56:26.110 --> 00:56:28.200
  • HE'S GOT A PLAN FOR EVERY ONE OF YOUR LIVES,
  • 00:56:28.220 --> 00:56:30.230
  • A DIVINE POTENTIAL FOR YOU TO EXCEL AND NOT FAIL.
  • 00:56:30.250 --> 00:56:34.100
  • AND YOU'VE GOT TO TURN TO GOD AND STOP LISTENING TO THE
  • 00:56:34.120 --> 00:56:36.190
  • POLITICIANS TELLING YOU WHAT YOU CAN AND CANNOT DO.
  • 00:56:36.210 --> 00:56:40.140
  • YOU'VE GOT LET YOUR LIMITATION BE DEFINED BY GOD, AND ANYBODY
  • 00:56:40.160 --> 00:56:43.160
  • THAT PUTS A TITLE ON YOU, THEY HAVE THE RIGHT TO DEFINE YOUR
  • 00:56:43.180 --> 00:56:47.160
  • DESTINY AND YOUR FUTURE.
  • 00:56:47.180 --> 00:56:50.010
  • LET NO MAN TELL YOU WHO YOU ARE, WHAT YOU CAN DO
  • 00:56:50.030 --> 00:56:53.180
  • AND WHAT YOU CANNOT DO.
  • 00:56:53.200 --> 00:56:55.170
  • RECOGNIZE YOUR AUTHORITY COMES FROM ALMIGHTY GOD.
  • 00:56:55.190 --> 00:56:59.080
  • - SO ON THIS EPISODE OF AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY,
  • 00:56:59.100 --> 00:57:02.020
  • WE'VE COVERED BLACK HISTORY; GREAT, GREAT HEROES,
  • 00:57:02.040 --> 00:57:05.130
  • INSPIRATIONS TO EVERY ONE OF US, AND THERE'S SO MUCH MORE
  • 00:57:05.150 --> 00:57:08.210
  • BACK THERE IN AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:57:08.230 --> 00:57:11.010
  • SO THANK YOU GUYS FOR JOINING US TODAY.
  • 00:57:11.030 --> 00:57:13.230
  • AUDIENCE, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US, AS WELL.
  • 00:57:13.250 --> 00:57:15.240
  • LOOK FORWARD TO SEEING YOU ON THE NEXT EPISODE OF
  • 00:57:15.260 --> 00:57:17.280
  • AMERICA'S HIDDEN HISTORY.
  • 00:57:18.000 --> 00:57:19.210
  • [APPLAUSE]
  • 00:57:19.230 --> 00:57:23.190
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:57:23.210 --> 00:57:30.060