America's Hidden History | Bass Reeves and Orion Howe | TBN

America's Hidden History | Bass Reeves and Orion Howe

Watch America's Hidden History | Bass Reeves and Orion Howe
September 26, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Bass Reeves and Orion Howe

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  • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised,
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  • rewritten, and even deleted entire chapters
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  • of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton,
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  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is "America's Hidden History".
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  • (intense music)
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  • (calm guitar music)
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  • - We're in Fort Smith, Arkansas.
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  • Actually in the oldest building in Fort Smith
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  • and this building used to be a military post,
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  • it used to be a federal courthouse,
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  • a federal prison, actually above us was where
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  • the judges chamber actually was.
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  • - Now, Bass Reeves is really kinda
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  • the hero we're gonna talk about,
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  • but to understand Bass Reeves
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  • you kinda have to understand Isaac Parker.
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  • Both were born in the year 1838
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  • and both had a huge impact on law and order
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  • in the old west, but they both took
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  • very, very different paths to get here
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  • to this building, to this story.
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  • One was a black guy named Bass Reeves
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  • and one was a white guy named Isaac Parker.
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  • He's born into a fairly wealthy white family,
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  • he goes onto be a member of Congress,
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  • and in Congress he sits on a committee called
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  • the committee on territories.
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  • And the head of that committee actually
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  • was James A. Garfield who became
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  • President of the United States,
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  • but on the committee of territories
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  • he gets kinda introduced to the Oklahoma Territory.
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  • Which is where the five civilized tribes
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  • of nations were.
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  • He's very concerned about that and then 1875
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  • President Ulysses S. Grant takes Parker
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  • and says, "You need to be a federal judge
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  • "and I want you in the western district of Arkansas."
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  • Which is where we are right now.
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  • Now, Arkansas at that point in time bordered
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  • the Oklahoma Territory and the Oklahoma Territory
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  • wasn't a state, but it was a really savage place.
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  • That's where murderers went to hide.
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  • The law enforcements just kinda unknown there.
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  • So, if you're a horse thief or a murderer
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  • or a bootlegger.
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  • Oklahoma's really filled with bad guys
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  • who just disappear out in the landscape
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  • and the hills of Oklahoma.
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  • That is 75.000 square miles
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  • to which he's trying to bring justice.
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  • Now here's where Bass Reeves comes in
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  • because Judge Parker's here.
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  • He can't administer justice by himself.
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  • He needs a lot of help.
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  • He needs some deputies.
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  • Starts out with 200 deputies, Bass Reeves
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  • is one of those original deputies.
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  • Now, the way Bass Reeves got here
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  • was he was born as a slave to that legislative family
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  • in Arkansas, but that family moved to Texas.
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  • He doesn't wanna be in slavey.
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  • He beats up his master and escapes to the North
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  • and he went into the Indian Territory, Oklahoma,
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  • because there's no law and order there
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  • and nobodies gonna chase him there.
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  • He learns to speak the Creek Indian language,
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  • Seminole, Cherokee, learns so many languages
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  • and he's all over the state.
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  • He said he knew the state of Oklahoma
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  • like a cook knew her kitchen.
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  • He knew the state really, really well
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  • and then 1865 rolls around
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  • and the 13th Amendment is passed that abolishes slavery.
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  • At that time he's free.
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  • So he moves back to Arkansas and because he knows
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  • the Oklahoma Territory the sheriffs here
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  • in Arkansas hire him as a guide to go in
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  • and find criminals and bring them out.
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  • Well that's about when Judge Parker gets here.
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  • And Judge Parker needs help to help bring law
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  • and order to the Oklahoma Territory
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  • and Bass Reeves is one of his deputies.
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  • Now Bass Reeves actually served 32 years
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  • as a Deputy Federal Marshal.
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  • Just an amazing period of time.
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  • There were thousands of Federal Marshals
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  • and Deputy Marshals who are associated
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  • with this court.
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  • He's the only one that went from the time
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  • that Judge Parker got here all the way until Oklahoma
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  • became a state and they no longer needed
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  • this court over Oklahoma.
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  • 32 years he served as the Federal Marshal.
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  • He is one of the most important law enforcement officials
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  • you'll find in the Old West.
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  • - Yeah and the stories of what he did
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  • in the Oklahoma Territory really are quite remarkable
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  • on top of the fact that because he was born
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  • into slavery he didn't have an education growing up
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  • and so as an adult he actually was illiterate.
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  • So, not being able to read and write
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  • imagine being a deputy when you're given a warrant
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  • and said okay go find this person and you can't
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  • even read what's on the warrant.
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  • So what do you do?
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  • He would have people read the warrant to him
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  • and he would just memorize whatever they read
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  • from the warrant.
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  • Sometimes there'd be a picture so he might see
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  • the picture and go okay so that's kinda what
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  • the bad guy looks like, I get it.
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  • But then all the crimes and the description
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  • he had to memorize every single warrant.
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  • And yet his success rate, for not even being able
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  • to read the warrant, is quite astounding.
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  • - Those excursions to go find the bad guys
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  • are not like going to a house and arresting a bad guy.
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  • When he left here looking for bad guys
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  • his treks would often take him 800 miles.
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  • 'Cause he would ride his circuit looking
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  • for a number of bad guys.
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  • They'd have a stack of warrants, he memorized them all.
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  • And as they would sit out, they would have a wagon
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  • with bars on it, kinda like a rolling jail,
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  • he would have a cook so that when he captured
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  • all these bad guys they'd be cooking for the bad guys
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  • and for him and he had one posseman
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  • who could go with him.
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  • And so, when they would sit out they would
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  • be on the road for months with these warrants
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  • and sometimes he'd come back with 15, 17, 18 guys
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  • on those warrants.
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  • And in 32 years of going after guys, spending months
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  • at a time out on the road, he arrested 3.000 bad guys.
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  • Never made even one wrong arrest in that period of time.
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  • - It's remarkable.
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  • In fact, the only accusations
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  • really that were against him in his life
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  • there were different newspaper accounts
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  • and they would say that, you know, people wanna
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  • accuse him of murder because he shot one of the bad guys
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  • he actually was looking for and then come to find out
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  • well he was just quicker to the draw than that guy was
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  • so it actually wasn't murder.
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  • - Yeah, it's not that he was looking to shoot the bad guys
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  • 'cause he brought so many thousand in without shooting them.
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  • Now, over the course of time and defending himself
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  • he did shoot and kill 14 bad guys.
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  • On one of his trips he was looking for some guys
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  • and he had the warrants and as it turns out
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  • the people he hired to be his guides were actually
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  • horse thieves that he was looking for.
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  • And he wasn't aware of that but they knew exactly
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  • who he was and so as they were over the fire
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  • at lunch he just happened, out of the corner
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  • of eye, to see them draw their guns and he turned
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  • and got them before they got him 'cause they were
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  • trying to kill him.
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  • So, that's how he gets to the 14 people that he killed
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  • was he was actually defending himself, but to arrest
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  • 3.000 people and by the way it was rough
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  • to do what he did.
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  • He relates that he was shot at so many times
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  • and it was so many close calls.
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  • One shot cut his belt in half
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  • but didn't hit him, one shot shot a button off,
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  • another one it shot a hole in his hat
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  • and another time he was holding his reins
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  • and shot at him and it hit the reins
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  • and cut the reins.
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  • I mean he has so many close calls he was never
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  • wounded in any kind of a battle,
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  • but man what a courageous guy he was.
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  • (upbeat music)
  • 00:07:05.150 --> 00:07:07.030
  • (phone notification dings)
  • 00:07:07.030 --> 00:07:10.200
  • (upbeat guitar music)
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  • - As we talk about Bass Reeves and Judge Parker
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  • this is actually the place where originally
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  • Judge Parker would help bring people to justice.
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  • - Over Judge Parker's 21 years there were about
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  • 160 folks that were sentence to death
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  • of which about half were executed.
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  • In his first year as judge, there were 18
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  • who were brought in and tried for murder over that year.
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  • 15 of them were convicted of murder,
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  • six of them were hung at one time in this particular spot
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  • so justice was followed.
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  • The Federal law stipulated what had to happen
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  • with certain crimes, what the punishment
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  • was for those crimes.
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  • That was not Judge Parker's call on that.
  • 00:07:58.210 --> 00:08:00.290
  • But at the same time, even though he had this reputation
  • 00:08:00.290 --> 00:08:03.150
  • of being a hanging judge and back East they would
  • 00:08:03.150 --> 00:08:05.090
  • point to the six being hung at one time
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  • and say oh my gosh how barbaric is that,
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  • but when you're back East and don't have the type
  • 00:08:08.240 --> 00:08:10.260
  • of crime you have out here.
  • 00:08:10.260 --> 00:08:12.080
  • - It's a very different perspective than they
  • 00:08:12.080 --> 00:08:13.240
  • had certainly in the East where there was much more
  • 00:08:13.240 --> 00:08:15.130
  • law and order.
  • 00:08:15.130 --> 00:08:16.080
  • - Yeah.
  • 00:08:16.080 --> 00:08:17.160
  • - Coming to a place where there wasn't.
  • 00:08:17.160 --> 00:08:18.220
  • But you're right, Judge Parker wasn't a guy,
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  • who in the East was portrayed to be a villainous
  • 00:08:20.050 --> 00:08:22.280
  • kinda guy, he really was a very good man
  • 00:08:22.280 --> 00:08:26.060
  • in the context of history.
  • 00:08:26.060 --> 00:08:27.130
  • - Not only did he do a lot of charitable work,
  • 00:08:27.130 --> 00:08:29.000
  • give contributions, he was part of the school board
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  • he was big into education.
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  • He had a lot of compassion for the victims
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  • and their families.
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  • Not near as much compassion for the murderer,
  • 00:08:36.210 --> 00:08:37.260
  • but he was very compassionate.
  • 00:08:37.260 --> 00:08:39.170
  • But even at that in the court records when you look
  • 00:08:39.170 --> 00:08:41.230
  • at the federal records of the trials,
  • 00:08:41.230 --> 00:08:43.070
  • and that's part of the process
  • 00:08:43.070 --> 00:08:44.230
  • that you go through is you can see the records,
  • 00:08:44.230 --> 00:08:46.080
  • you'll find that in court on occasion
  • 00:08:46.080 --> 00:08:48.040
  • when someone is sentenced to death
  • 00:08:48.040 --> 00:08:49.140
  • it's not like it is today.
  • 00:08:49.140 --> 00:08:51.000
  • Sentenced to death back then you might have a few weeks,
  • 00:08:51.000 --> 00:08:52.150
  • today, it might be 10 to 15 years, it was a speedy
  • 00:08:52.150 --> 00:08:55.110
  • process then.
  • 00:08:55.110 --> 00:08:56.180
  • In the courtroom on occasion, you'll find
  • 00:08:56.180 --> 00:08:58.020
  • that Judge Parker would say, "Okay, defendant you've
  • 00:08:58.020 --> 00:09:00.090
  • "been sentenced to death found guilty by a jury.
  • 00:09:00.090 --> 00:09:02.090
  • "You are soon to die, which means you're soon
  • 00:09:02.090 --> 00:09:05.020
  • "to enter into eternity and as a murderer
  • 00:09:05.020 --> 00:09:07.230
  • "you're not prepared to enter into eternity
  • 00:09:07.230 --> 00:09:09.180
  • "and you really need to make peace with your maker."
  • 00:09:09.180 --> 00:09:12.170
  • He would literally give them a spiritual call
  • 00:09:12.170 --> 00:09:15.060
  • to get reconciled.
  • 00:09:15.060 --> 00:09:17.060
  • So not only was he compassionate to the victims
  • 00:09:17.060 --> 00:09:19.090
  • and their families but even towards the spiritual
  • 00:09:19.090 --> 00:09:20.270
  • condition of those that he had to deal
  • 00:09:20.270 --> 00:09:22.100
  • with in the court room.
  • 00:09:22.100 --> 00:09:23.240
  • So that's part of the law and order that Deputy Sheriffs
  • 00:09:23.240 --> 00:09:25.150
  • like Bass Reeves and judges like Isaac Parker
  • 00:09:25.150 --> 00:09:27.270
  • brought to the Old West.
  • 00:09:27.270 --> 00:09:29.120
  • (upbeat guitar music)
  • 00:09:29.120 --> 00:09:32.170
  • - There were some tough moments for him too.
  • 00:09:35.210 --> 00:09:37.190
  • Where he acknowledged that there
  • 00:09:37.190 --> 00:09:40.000
  • were a few arrests that he wasn't excited about making.
  • 00:09:40.000 --> 00:09:42.270
  • One of them actually involved his son who was married
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  • and he had 10 kids?
  • 00:09:45.250 --> 00:09:46.200
  • - Had 10 kids.
  • 00:09:46.200 --> 00:09:47.290
  • - Bass Reeves had 10 kids and so his son,
  • 00:09:47.290 --> 00:09:50.210
  • one of his sons, was very jealous of the wife
  • 00:09:50.210 --> 00:09:55.210
  • and thought the wife was probably cheating on him
  • 00:09:55.210 --> 00:09:57.190
  • so he actually took a gun and killed the wife
  • 00:09:57.190 --> 00:10:01.050
  • and then he actually tried to kill himself.
  • 00:10:01.050 --> 00:10:03.110
  • He did not succeed at that attempt and so a warrant
  • 00:10:03.110 --> 00:10:06.050
  • was issued for the arrest.
  • 00:10:06.050 --> 00:10:08.000
  • And so when Bass Reeves gets back, he sees this warrant
  • 00:10:08.000 --> 00:10:11.140
  • and another deputy said "hey, you know, Bass
  • 00:10:11.140 --> 00:10:14.250
  • "you don't need to go.
  • 00:10:14.250 --> 00:10:16.110
  • "We'll take care of this, you don't need to do this
  • 00:10:16.110 --> 00:10:18.260
  • "to your son."
  • 00:10:18.260 --> 00:10:19.260
  • and he said, "No if my son's done
  • 00:10:19.260 --> 00:10:21.220
  • "the wrong thing then I will serve justice."
  • 00:10:21.220 --> 00:10:25.000
  • So he went and arrested his son which it really says
  • 00:10:25.000 --> 00:10:28.160
  • a lot to his character and to his nature
  • 00:10:28.160 --> 00:10:30.290
  • that law and justice was more important
  • 00:10:30.290 --> 00:10:34.140
  • than maybe emotional familial connection
  • 00:10:34.140 --> 00:10:38.100
  • that he said no the right thing is more important.
  • 00:10:38.100 --> 00:10:40.210
  • Well that was one of the two things he said
  • 00:10:40.210 --> 00:10:42.110
  • was very difficult.
  • 00:10:42.110 --> 00:10:43.190
  • The second one's a pretty funny story.
  • 00:10:43.190 --> 00:10:45.130
  • - The second one relates to his Christian faith
  • 00:10:45.130 --> 00:10:47.160
  • because he was a Christian.
  • 00:10:47.160 --> 00:10:49.010
  • As a matter of fact, the descendants of Bass Reeves
  • 00:10:49.010 --> 00:10:51.070
  • say that part of what got Judge Parker and Bass Reeves
  • 00:10:51.070 --> 00:10:54.210
  • together was their Christian faith.
  • 00:10:54.210 --> 00:10:56.210
  • Even though they're from such different backgrounds
  • 00:10:56.210 --> 00:10:58.250
  • they both loved the Lord, they both loved God's word,
  • 00:10:58.250 --> 00:11:02.070
  • and they both wanted to see law and order.
  • 00:11:02.070 --> 00:11:04.280
  • And so Bass, as the newspaper said, is a member
  • 00:11:04.280 --> 00:11:07.020
  • in good standing with the Baptist church
  • 00:11:07.020 --> 00:11:09.150
  • and so he loved the church,
  • 00:11:09.150 --> 00:11:10.250
  • he was zellish for the name of the lord,
  • 00:11:10.250 --> 00:11:12.160
  • and he wanted the reputation of church to be upheld.
  • 00:11:12.160 --> 00:11:14.200
  • And then he finds out his pastor is selling whiskey,
  • 00:11:14.200 --> 00:11:18.260
  • that's illegal.
  • 00:11:18.260 --> 00:11:20.020
  • - Yeah, it's a federal crime at the time.
  • 00:11:20.020 --> 00:11:21.100
  • - It's a federal crime!
  • 00:11:21.100 --> 00:11:22.090
  • - You're not allowed to do that.
  • 00:11:22.090 --> 00:11:23.160
  • - And so now he's got to go arrest his pastor.
  • 00:11:23.160 --> 00:11:27.000
  • The one who baptized him.
  • 00:11:27.000 --> 00:11:28.060
  • Pastor kept saying, "I'm doing it to pay off
  • 00:11:28.060 --> 00:11:29.210
  • "the debt of the church. It's for a good reason."
  • 00:11:29.210 --> 00:11:31.100
  • No, you broke the law.
  • 00:11:31.100 --> 00:11:34.010
  • I'm not gonna let you bring a bad name
  • 00:11:34.010 --> 00:11:36.110
  • on the church by doing that and so that was
  • 00:11:36.110 --> 00:11:38.010
  • the other hard arrest, was having to arrest
  • 00:11:38.010 --> 00:11:40.000
  • the guy who baptized him.
  • 00:11:40.000 --> 00:11:41.160
  • But his integrity level was absolutely so high.
  • 00:11:41.160 --> 00:11:44.280
  • Literally Bass brought thousands of people,
  • 00:11:44.280 --> 00:11:47.210
  • individually himself, to the courts.
  • 00:11:47.210 --> 00:11:49.120
  • So you look at what they did to bring law and order
  • 00:11:49.120 --> 00:11:52.080
  • to that part of the Old West, Bass Reeves is one
  • 00:11:52.080 --> 00:11:55.090
  • of the great heroes of American history.
  • 00:11:55.090 --> 00:11:57.070
  • He's one of America's hidden heroes.
  • 00:11:57.070 --> 00:11:59.150
  • (upbeat jazz music)
  • 00:11:59.150 --> 00:12:02.160
  • - So Bass Reeves, we're down here
  • 00:12:06.250 --> 00:12:08.090
  • in the WallBuilder's collection again
  • 00:12:08.090 --> 00:12:10.070
  • and we're trying to figure out and piece together his story.
  • 00:12:10.070 --> 00:12:12.280
  • Now how do we know his story?
  • 00:12:12.280 --> 00:12:14.130
  • We know it because in the newspapers of the period
  • 00:12:14.130 --> 00:12:16.280
  • they reported on what he was doing.
  • 00:12:16.280 --> 00:12:19.080
  • They kept up to date, he was kinda a celebrity
  • 00:12:19.080 --> 00:12:21.140
  • in the region,
  • 00:12:21.140 --> 00:12:22.260
  • so we have access to obviously hundreds upon hundreds
  • 00:12:22.260 --> 00:12:25.010
  • of original newspapers, but the ones that we
  • 00:12:25.010 --> 00:12:27.050
  • don't physically have we have access to archives.
  • 00:12:27.050 --> 00:12:29.220
  • So we've got thousands in microprint that go up
  • 00:12:29.220 --> 00:12:33.090
  • to kinda around the mid 1800s
  • 00:12:33.090 --> 00:12:35.160
  • But for people like Bass Reeves who come after that
  • 00:12:35.160 --> 00:12:37.210
  • I like to jump on my computer and go to the archives
  • 00:12:37.210 --> 00:12:40.050
  • that we have access to online.
  • 00:12:40.050 --> 00:12:42.070
  • And I've actually got a paper pulled up from 1903
  • 00:12:42.070 --> 00:12:44.280
  • from the city of Ardmore, Oklahoma.
  • 00:12:44.280 --> 00:12:47.080
  • And it's a story, there's a criminal on the run.
  • 00:12:47.080 --> 00:12:49.200
  • Bass Reeves is signed to track him down
  • 00:12:49.200 --> 00:12:52.030
  • and we pick up with the story it says, "The criminal
  • 00:12:52.030 --> 00:12:54.280
  • "dreamed last night that Deputy Marshal Reeves
  • 00:12:54.280 --> 00:12:57.080
  • "came upon him in the brush and when he jumped
  • 00:12:57.080 --> 00:13:00.040
  • "up to run, the deputy shot and killed him.
  • 00:13:00.040 --> 00:13:02.230
  • "When he woke and realized that it was only a dream
  • 00:13:02.230 --> 00:13:05.120
  • "he decided to come to town and give up immediately."
  • 00:13:05.120 --> 00:13:08.070
  • Bass Reeve's so feared that people
  • 00:13:08.070 --> 00:13:09.280
  • were having dreams about him.
  • 00:13:09.280 --> 00:13:11.150
  • It's an incredible story of an incredible man.
  • 00:13:11.150 --> 00:13:14.030
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:13:14.030 --> 00:13:16.250
  • (energetic music)
  • 00:13:24.110 --> 00:13:27.060
  • - We're in Mississippi, actually in Vicksburg
  • 00:13:30.250 --> 00:13:32.280
  • which is a pretty significant historical
  • 00:13:32.280 --> 00:13:34.260
  • battle field and actually here to talk
  • 00:13:34.260 --> 00:13:37.040
  • about a guy named Orion Howe.
  • 00:13:37.040 --> 00:13:38.180
  • Now he was one of the youngest Medal of Honor recipients,
  • 00:13:38.180 --> 00:13:41.020
  • getting it at 14 years old, but this location
  • 00:13:41.020 --> 00:13:43.150
  • was really significant in the history of our nation.
  • 00:13:43.150 --> 00:13:46.220
  • Especially the Civil War.
  • 00:13:46.220 --> 00:13:48.070
  • - Yeah, Vicksburg was one of the most strategic places
  • 00:13:48.070 --> 00:13:50.150
  • in the Civil War.
  • 00:13:50.150 --> 00:13:51.280
  • Abraham Lincoln said that Vicksburg is the key
  • 00:13:51.280 --> 00:13:54.040
  • and that they're not gonna win the Civil War
  • 00:13:54.040 --> 00:13:56.120
  • if he doesn't have that key in his pocket,
  • 00:13:56.120 --> 00:13:57.200
  • they gotta take Vicksburg.
  • 00:13:57.200 --> 00:13:59.020
  • And on the other side, Jefferson Davis
  • 00:13:59.020 --> 00:14:00.280
  • President Confederacy said that Vicksburg is the nail
  • 00:14:00.280 --> 00:14:03.230
  • that holds the two halves of the Confederacy together
  • 00:14:03.230 --> 00:14:06.200
  • because Vicksburg sits on a bluff overlooking
  • 00:14:06.200 --> 00:14:09.080
  • the Mississippi River and if the Union gets control
  • 00:14:09.080 --> 00:14:12.040
  • of the Mississippi River now you've cut off
  • 00:14:12.040 --> 00:14:14.020
  • Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the rest
  • 00:14:14.020 --> 00:14:16.170
  • of the Confederate states.
  • 00:14:16.170 --> 00:14:17.290
  • You've broken that Confederate Nation in two.
  • 00:14:17.290 --> 00:14:19.260
  • They'd had a number of battles around Vicksburg
  • 00:14:19.260 --> 00:14:21.290
  • and they needed to take Vicksburg itself
  • 00:14:21.290 --> 00:14:24.170
  • and it's really more than just land battles
  • 00:14:24.170 --> 00:14:26.210
  • there's also naval battles.
  • 00:14:26.210 --> 00:14:27.290
  • They've got ships on the Mississippi River trying
  • 00:14:27.290 --> 00:14:29.230
  • to get Vicksburg and when they couldn't win the battles
  • 00:14:29.230 --> 00:14:31.170
  • they said okay let's just do a siege.
  • 00:14:31.170 --> 00:14:33.230
  • So they started just pounding the town of Vicksburg.
  • 00:14:33.230 --> 00:14:36.030
  • There are actually really interesting pictures
  • 00:14:36.030 --> 00:14:38.090
  • where when you look down the main street
  • 00:14:38.090 --> 00:14:39.220
  • of Vicksburg there's just cannon balls laying
  • 00:14:39.220 --> 00:14:41.220
  • all over the place.
  • 00:14:41.220 --> 00:14:43.130
  • It's just like raining hail balls instead
  • 00:14:43.130 --> 00:14:45.040
  • of hail and ice it's steel.
  • 00:14:45.040 --> 00:14:46.220
  • And so the people to get some relief,
  • 00:14:46.220 --> 00:14:48.080
  • went and started digging caves in the sides of the hill.
  • 00:14:48.080 --> 00:14:51.060
  • They dug more than 500 caves so they could have something
  • 00:14:51.060 --> 00:14:54.110
  • overhead to protect them and they called
  • 00:14:54.110 --> 00:14:55.290
  • it prairie dog town 'cause they were scurrying
  • 00:14:55.290 --> 00:14:57.170
  • into holes with all this cannonballs raining down
  • 00:14:57.170 --> 00:15:00.170
  • on them, but none the less Vicksburg was one
  • 00:15:00.170 --> 00:15:02.200
  • of the most significant battles in the Civil War.
  • 00:15:02.200 --> 00:15:05.030
  • It's studied as one of the most strategic battles
  • 00:15:05.030 --> 00:15:07.080
  • in American History and it was a turning point
  • 00:15:07.080 --> 00:15:09.080
  • for the Union in the Civil War.
  • 00:15:09.080 --> 00:15:11.020
  • There are 77.000 Union troops here,
  • 00:15:11.020 --> 00:15:13.050
  • there's 33.000 Confederate troops here,
  • 00:15:13.050 --> 00:15:16.030
  • Confederates outnumber two to one.
  • 00:15:16.030 --> 00:15:17.260
  • - The ground is so uneven, the terrain is so rough,
  • 00:15:17.260 --> 00:15:19.270
  • it really was very, very difficult which is why
  • 00:15:19.270 --> 00:15:22.190
  • they decided you know, let's just wait
  • 00:15:22.190 --> 00:15:24.090
  • them out a little bit.
  • 00:15:24.090 --> 00:15:25.160
  • Let's make this a siege, let's wear them down,
  • 00:15:25.160 --> 00:15:27.070
  • and so Orion Howe becomes significant in this story.
  • 00:15:27.070 --> 00:15:29.130
  • He was part of the 55th Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
  • 00:15:29.130 --> 00:15:33.070
  • He was born in Ohio, 1848.
  • 00:15:33.070 --> 00:15:34.240
  • But, the family gets to Illinois and when he's 12
  • 00:15:34.240 --> 00:15:38.250
  • his younger brother they join and they're going
  • 00:15:38.250 --> 00:15:40.170
  • to be musicians actually.
  • 00:15:40.170 --> 00:15:41.270
  • Their father was essentially the bandleader.
  • 00:15:41.270 --> 00:15:43.290
  • He was the chief musician so they apparently
  • 00:15:43.290 --> 00:15:46.160
  • are getting to go with dad and be apart of this.
  • 00:15:46.160 --> 00:15:48.120
  • As it's going on, well as the 55th comes
  • 00:15:48.120 --> 00:15:50.250
  • and they finally get to Vicksburg.
  • 00:15:50.250 --> 00:15:52.160
  • When they get to Vicksburg they are maybe a little
  • 00:15:52.160 --> 00:15:55.270
  • over ambitious because they charge very strong
  • 00:15:55.270 --> 00:15:58.270
  • against this fortified barricade.
  • 00:15:58.270 --> 00:16:01.120
  • And as they get there they realize that they've
  • 00:16:01.120 --> 00:16:03.170
  • gotten a little too close and so they get pinned down.
  • 00:16:03.170 --> 00:16:06.060
  • They have to hide behind bluffs
  • 00:16:06.060 --> 00:16:07.260
  • to more or less stay alive.
  • 00:16:07.260 --> 00:16:09.190
  • They are trying to protect themselves.
  • 00:16:09.190 --> 00:16:11.140
  • Well as they get more or less pinned down,
  • 00:16:11.140 --> 00:16:13.280
  • they have cover, so they're able to stay there.
  • 00:16:13.280 --> 00:16:16.180
  • The problem is they're separated from the rest
  • 00:16:16.180 --> 00:16:19.130
  • of the army and when they're in this more or less
  • 00:16:19.130 --> 00:16:22.200
  • low down cover position they actually start running
  • 00:16:22.200 --> 00:16:25.100
  • out of ammunition and so as they're running low
  • 00:16:25.100 --> 00:16:26.250
  • on ammunition there's different people scrambling
  • 00:16:26.250 --> 00:16:29.000
  • trying to maybe checking the dead bodies
  • 00:16:29.000 --> 00:16:30.220
  • and finding ammunition pouches on the ground,
  • 00:16:30.220 --> 00:16:32.220
  • trying to find more ammunition, but they realize
  • 00:16:32.220 --> 00:16:34.240
  • we're running really low.
  • 00:16:34.240 --> 00:16:36.060
  • So the Colonel calls some volunteers over
  • 00:16:36.060 --> 00:16:39.030
  • says, "We need somebody to go back and let the rest
  • 00:16:39.030 --> 00:16:40.260
  • "of the army know that we need ammunition."
  • 00:16:40.260 --> 00:16:42.250
  • And so when they called volunteers Orion Howe,
  • 00:16:42.250 --> 00:16:45.250
  • who at this time was 14 years old, was one of the volunteers
  • 00:16:45.250 --> 00:16:48.200
  • and at this time he hasn't been apart of the fighting
  • 00:16:48.200 --> 00:16:51.130
  • so to speak, he's been a drummer.
  • 00:16:51.130 --> 00:16:53.040
  • Now he's in the face of death, he is actually
  • 00:16:53.040 --> 00:16:56.030
  • gonna have to go up over a hill where he's wide open
  • 00:16:56.030 --> 00:16:59.290
  • and exposed to all of the enemy fire.
  • 00:16:59.290 --> 00:17:02.100
  • And so when the volunteers, they all determine
  • 00:17:02.100 --> 00:17:04.180
  • okay we're gonna go, they go together and actually
  • 00:17:04.180 --> 00:17:06.280
  • all of them are killed except Orion.
  • 00:17:06.280 --> 00:17:09.260
  • (intense music)
  • 00:17:09.260 --> 00:17:12.140
  • As you can see at this hill it's something
  • 00:17:14.170 --> 00:17:16.150
  • that not only are you exposed
  • 00:17:16.150 --> 00:17:18.170
  • you have to go up a very steep hill.
  • 00:17:18.170 --> 00:17:19.250
  • So this is something that probably you're not
  • 00:17:19.250 --> 00:17:21.150
  • doing as quickly, obviously, as if it was flat terrain.
  • 00:17:21.150 --> 00:17:24.160
  • And so this hill is not just a normal hill
  • 00:17:24.160 --> 00:17:27.140
  • in the sense of what you might imagine
  • 00:17:27.140 --> 00:17:29.140
  • with just a little bump in the surface
  • 00:17:29.140 --> 00:17:31.170
  • and that's why as he's going up it there's an account
  • 00:17:31.170 --> 00:17:33.270
  • where he falls and he slips and they're not even sure
  • 00:17:33.270 --> 00:17:37.020
  • if maybe he's been shot and he died, but no he gets up.
  • 00:17:37.020 --> 00:17:40.000
  • He's able to make it up over this hill.
  • 00:17:40.000 --> 00:17:42.100
  • (soldiers yelling)
  • 00:17:42.100 --> 00:17:44.180
  • (cannon fires)
  • 00:17:44.180 --> 00:17:47.060
  • And when he goes over the hill the soldiers don't know
  • 00:17:52.270 --> 00:17:55.120
  • for sure what's gonna happen.
  • 00:17:55.120 --> 00:17:57.110
  • They're hoping he's gonna go
  • 00:17:57.110 --> 00:17:58.250
  • and he's gonna get ammunition for them,
  • 00:17:58.250 --> 00:18:00.210
  • but really they don't see him again.
  • 00:18:00.210 --> 00:18:03.000
  • Now when he was going up the hill he actually
  • 00:18:05.140 --> 00:18:07.250
  • was shot in the leg and it was a very severe injury.
  • 00:18:07.250 --> 00:18:10.010
  • He was bleeding a lot, but he did make it back to camp.
  • 00:18:10.010 --> 00:18:12.180
  • When he got to camp he ran up to the General.
  • 00:18:12.180 --> 00:18:14.210
  • It was General William Tehcumseh Sherman
  • 00:18:14.210 --> 00:18:16.280
  • and he told him, "We need ammunition,
  • 00:18:16.280 --> 00:18:18.280
  • "our unit they're running low!"
  • 00:18:18.280 --> 00:18:20.190
  • And General looks at him and sees that his leg
  • 00:18:20.190 --> 00:18:25.040
  • is bloody and sees he's been shot
  • 00:18:25.040 --> 00:18:27.020
  • and says, "Okay what's going on?
  • 00:18:27.020 --> 00:18:28.100
  • And Orion Howe's trying to dismiss it.
  • 00:18:28.100 --> 00:18:30.110
  • Says, "No you just gotta get more ammunition to the men."
  • 00:18:30.110 --> 00:18:33.030
  • And he says, "Okay, I'll take care of the ammunition.
  • 00:18:33.030 --> 00:18:35.270
  • "Why don't you go ahead on over to the medical tent.
  • 00:18:35.270 --> 00:18:38.020
  • "Let them take care of you and we'll get the ammunition."
  • 00:18:38.020 --> 00:18:41.010
  • And actually General Sherman says as he was watching
  • 00:18:41.010 --> 00:18:44.080
  • this young man, Orion Howe, limp off
  • 00:18:44.080 --> 00:18:46.060
  • right before he was out of distance he turned around
  • 00:18:46.060 --> 00:18:48.250
  • and yelled, "It's 54 caliber!"
  • 00:18:48.250 --> 00:18:51.250
  • Which is an important thing to remember
  • 00:18:51.250 --> 00:18:53.140
  • because if you're gonna help guys get more ammunition
  • 00:18:53.140 --> 00:18:55.240
  • they need to have the right size caliber
  • 00:18:55.240 --> 00:18:57.230
  • for what they're shooting, but General Sherman
  • 00:18:57.230 --> 00:18:59.220
  • what was so significant is that someone who was shot
  • 00:18:59.220 --> 00:19:02.260
  • and actually he, even the letter talked about it
  • 00:19:02.260 --> 00:19:05.090
  • being a fatal location, that he still had the courage
  • 00:19:05.090 --> 00:19:08.200
  • to come find somebody, to not just lay down
  • 00:19:08.200 --> 00:19:11.130
  • and feel sorry for himself, to find somebody
  • 00:19:11.130 --> 00:19:13.170
  • and then he said the fact that he remembered
  • 00:19:13.170 --> 00:19:16.100
  • the caliber it stood out to him.
  • 00:19:16.100 --> 00:19:18.020
  • Well General Sherman wrote a letter
  • 00:19:18.020 --> 00:19:19.200
  • to the Secretary of War and said we need to remember
  • 00:19:19.200 --> 00:19:23.090
  • this kid in fact I think he should be
  • 00:19:23.090 --> 00:19:25.030
  • a midshipmen, go to the Naval Academy,
  • 00:19:25.030 --> 00:19:27.050
  • which later Abraham Lincoln did sign paperwork
  • 00:19:27.050 --> 00:19:29.200
  • for him to go to the Naval Academy, and as he's at home
  • 00:19:29.200 --> 00:19:31.290
  • for two months recovering he then decides he wants
  • 00:19:31.290 --> 00:19:34.280
  • to come back and he volunteers again.
  • 00:19:34.280 --> 00:19:36.240
  • So he comes back, he signs up, he actually serves
  • 00:19:36.240 --> 00:19:39.010
  • until 1864 when he's discharged as a Corporal
  • 00:19:39.010 --> 00:19:42.070
  • and this is one of the things that people
  • 00:19:42.070 --> 00:19:44.270
  • recognized, even then with General Sherman's write up
  • 00:19:44.270 --> 00:19:47.220
  • about him saying this is special, they knew that
  • 00:19:47.220 --> 00:19:50.020
  • what he did was special but it actually took more
  • 00:19:50.020 --> 00:19:53.010
  • than 30 years before he ever got recognition for it.
  • 00:19:53.010 --> 00:19:56.030
  • The War Department there was some kind of snafu,
  • 00:19:56.030 --> 00:19:58.090
  • there was a mix up, they lost paperwork,
  • 00:19:58.090 --> 00:20:00.040
  • and more than 30 years later somebody was going
  • 00:20:00.040 --> 00:20:03.070
  • through paperwork and realized we never got this guy
  • 00:20:03.070 --> 00:20:05.210
  • any kind of commendation, any kind of award,
  • 00:20:05.210 --> 00:20:08.030
  • we need to do something.
  • 00:20:08.030 --> 00:20:09.220
  • So more than 30 years later, it was 1896,
  • 00:20:09.220 --> 00:20:12.080
  • he actually got a Congressional Medal of Honor
  • 00:20:12.080 --> 00:20:15.030
  • and he was not the only guy from Vicksburg
  • 00:20:15.030 --> 00:20:17.010
  • to get a Congressional Medal of Honor.
  • 00:20:17.010 --> 00:20:18.070
  • - No he wasn't.
  • 00:20:18.070 --> 00:20:19.230
  • And you look at the Medal of Honor, over the course
  • 00:20:19.230 --> 00:20:21.050
  • of the U.S. Military on average one out of every 16.000
  • 00:20:21.050 --> 00:20:26.000
  • soldiers gets a Medal of Honor.
  • 00:20:26.000 --> 00:20:27.280
  • That's a really, really, really elite group
  • 00:20:27.280 --> 00:20:30.290
  • that gets a Medal of Honor.
  • 00:20:30.290 --> 00:20:32.140
  • Here at Vicksburg it was one out of every 600 soldiers
  • 00:20:32.140 --> 00:20:34.260
  • that got the Medal of Honor.
  • 00:20:34.260 --> 00:20:36.090
  • There were about 120 Medals of Honor given here
  • 00:20:36.090 --> 00:20:38.090
  • and where we're standing right now
  • 00:20:38.090 --> 00:20:39.170
  • there were 78 Medals of Honor just right here
  • 00:20:39.170 --> 00:20:42.230
  • for guys charging trying to take here
  • 00:20:42.230 --> 00:20:44.260
  • and Orion Howe course was on that other hill,
  • 00:20:44.260 --> 00:20:47.130
  • but all right here.
  • 00:20:47.130 --> 00:20:48.280
  • - And recognizing how many guys got the Medal of Honor
  • 00:20:48.280 --> 00:20:50.250
  • here, the Medal of Honor for them during the Civil War
  • 00:20:50.250 --> 00:20:54.190
  • actually was given for a little different standards
  • 00:20:54.190 --> 00:20:56.130
  • than what the Medal of Honor would be today.
  • 00:20:56.130 --> 00:20:59.070
  • If you were courageous in battle, if you did something
  • 00:20:59.070 --> 00:21:01.240
  • that they thought was significant, today that might
  • 00:21:01.240 --> 00:21:04.150
  • be a Bronze Star might be a Silver Star
  • 00:21:04.150 --> 00:21:06.040
  • it might not be the same level for them,
  • 00:21:06.040 --> 00:21:08.160
  • but it doesn't take away from the fact
  • 00:21:08.160 --> 00:21:09.240
  • that they were doing significant things
  • 00:21:09.240 --> 00:21:11.220
  • and certainly the courage of Orion Howe
  • 00:21:11.220 --> 00:21:14.000
  • that actually Genera Sherman says this kid was kinda
  • 00:21:14.000 --> 00:21:16.070
  • impressive, we should remember his name.
  • 00:21:16.070 --> 00:21:18.160
  • It does seem like that is still something that
  • 00:21:18.160 --> 00:21:21.130
  • would be worthy of note maybe, again, maybe today
  • 00:21:21.130 --> 00:21:23.280
  • it would be a Bronze Star or a Silver Star
  • 00:21:23.280 --> 00:21:25.210
  • it might be different.
  • 00:21:25.210 --> 00:21:26.280
  • But you know, Orion Howe was only 14
  • 00:21:26.280 --> 00:21:29.230
  • and today we look at that and go man this was one
  • 00:21:29.230 --> 00:21:31.190
  • of the youngest kids to receive it,
  • 00:21:31.190 --> 00:21:33.070
  • but there were actually several stories of young kids
  • 00:21:33.070 --> 00:21:36.170
  • who served during the Civil War and then really
  • 00:21:36.170 --> 00:21:39.160
  • throughout American history but even there's other
  • 00:21:39.160 --> 00:21:41.200
  • Medal of Honor winners who were young teenagers
  • 00:21:41.200 --> 00:21:43.280
  • like Orion Howe was, but he's just one really good
  • 00:21:43.280 --> 00:21:46.280
  • example of maybe some of America's hidden history
  • 00:21:46.280 --> 00:21:49.230
  • of young people that we just don't know much about anymore.
  • 00:21:49.230 --> 00:21:52.130
  • And Orion Howe is a great example.
  • 00:21:52.130 --> 00:21:54.100
  • (upbeat jazz music)
  • 00:21:54.100 --> 00:21:57.100
  • (drum bangs)
  • 00:22:02.030 --> 00:22:04.000
  • - This right here is a drum from the Civil War.
  • 00:22:04.000 --> 00:22:06.130
  • You can see the American eagle on it.
  • 00:22:06.130 --> 00:22:08.070
  • We've got another one right here.
  • 00:22:08.070 --> 00:22:09.210
  • These both have to do with our hero today.
  • 00:22:09.210 --> 00:22:13.010
  • The story of Orion Howe.
  • 00:22:13.010 --> 00:22:14.190
  • This one I'll start with.
  • 00:22:14.190 --> 00:22:15.260
  • This is a parade drum so it would've been used
  • 00:22:15.260 --> 00:22:18.070
  • while the Army or different groups
  • 00:22:18.070 --> 00:22:20.070
  • are marching through town.
  • 00:22:20.070 --> 00:22:21.180
  • It's got a painting on it.
  • 00:22:21.180 --> 00:22:22.240
  • A number of other instances of this type
  • 00:22:22.240 --> 00:22:24.250
  • of drum would've had mottos of different political leaders
  • 00:22:24.250 --> 00:22:27.170
  • like Daniel Webster or Abraham Lincoln.
  • 00:22:27.170 --> 00:22:29.190
  • This one over here is much more like what Orion Howe
  • 00:22:29.190 --> 00:22:32.200
  • would've used in the battle.
  • 00:22:32.200 --> 00:22:34.210
  • You can see the snares on the bottom of it
  • 00:22:34.210 --> 00:22:36.210
  • and something that we don't think about
  • 00:22:36.210 --> 00:22:38.120
  • when we, you know, learn about the musicians
  • 00:22:38.120 --> 00:22:40.190
  • during the Civil War it wasn't there just for entertainment.
  • 00:22:40.190 --> 00:22:43.120
  • In fact, they played a very vital and important role
  • 00:22:43.120 --> 00:22:46.040
  • in the military.
  • 00:22:46.040 --> 00:22:47.190
  • Because this was before radios so how do you communicate
  • 00:22:47.190 --> 00:22:50.110
  • over the battlefield?
  • 00:22:50.110 --> 00:22:51.250
  • You have, you know, cannons going off, men yelling,
  • 00:22:51.250 --> 00:22:54.080
  • guns firing, how do you communicate?
  • 00:22:54.080 --> 00:22:56.280
  • Well you communicate through music.
  • 00:22:56.280 --> 00:22:59.130
  • So they would beat different beats on their drums
  • 00:22:59.130 --> 00:23:01.230
  • to send different orders to indicate, you know,
  • 00:23:01.230 --> 00:23:04.030
  • hey we're going this way, now we're attacking now,
  • 00:23:04.030 --> 00:23:06.200
  • we're retreating now, so the musicians played
  • 00:23:06.200 --> 00:23:08.230
  • a very vital role on the battlefield
  • 00:23:08.230 --> 00:23:10.240
  • and Orion Howe more than most.
  • 00:23:10.240 --> 00:23:13.120
  • (calm guitar music)
  • 00:23:13.120 --> 00:23:16.140
  • (chickens clucking)
  • 00:23:24.180 --> 00:23:27.140
  • - One of the things I like about Bass Reeves
  • 00:23:27.140 --> 00:23:29.030
  • and Orion Howe is growing up is as we would watch
  • 00:23:29.030 --> 00:23:31.180
  • so many of the old action and western movies
  • 00:23:31.180 --> 00:23:33.220
  • whether it be a John Wayne or a Roy Rogers
  • 00:23:33.220 --> 00:23:35.210
  • or Errol Flynn.
  • 00:23:35.210 --> 00:23:36.280
  • It's so fun to be able to tell the stories
  • 00:23:36.280 --> 00:23:38.190
  • and I felt like as we're telling the stories
  • 00:23:38.190 --> 00:23:40.140
  • of Reeves and Orion Howe these are stories
  • 00:23:40.140 --> 00:23:43.210
  • of movies I watched growing up!
  • 00:23:43.210 --> 00:23:45.170
  • It's those kinds of heroes, those stories we watched,
  • 00:23:45.170 --> 00:23:48.010
  • so fun to be able to tell their stories.
  • 00:23:48.010 --> 00:23:49.190
  • - Yeah, that was a spirit of those stories
  • 00:23:49.190 --> 00:23:51.040
  • but I would say growing up, we had a real shortage
  • 00:23:51.040 --> 00:23:52.280
  • of movies about 14 year olds who got the Medal of Honor.
  • 00:23:52.280 --> 00:23:55.240
  • - True.
  • 00:23:55.240 --> 00:23:57.060
  • - You know, I mean Disney, old Disney movies,
  • 00:23:57.060 --> 00:23:58.160
  • they had some.
  • 00:23:58.160 --> 00:23:59.220
  • They had Johnny Shiloh and Johnny Tremain
  • 00:23:59.220 --> 00:24:01.040
  • so you can say young people were heroes,
  • 00:24:01.040 --> 00:24:03.090
  • but maybe there's a movie waiting to happen
  • 00:24:03.090 --> 00:24:06.060
  • on Orion Howe.
  • 00:24:06.060 --> 00:24:07.140
  • So it's great seeing that kind of courage
  • 00:24:07.140 --> 00:24:09.120
  • and we love those acton movies
  • 00:24:09.120 --> 00:24:10.260
  • and then when I look at Bass Reeves and Isaac Parker.
  • 00:24:10.260 --> 00:24:13.170
  • I am so struck by how well they got along
  • 00:24:13.170 --> 00:24:17.060
  • being from such dissimilar backgrounds.
  • 00:24:17.060 --> 00:24:19.130
  • I mean, you have Judge Parker who's a Congressman,
  • 00:24:19.130 --> 00:24:22.140
  • highly educated, he's an attorney, he's a judge,
  • 00:24:22.140 --> 00:24:25.100
  • and you have Bass Reeves who was in slavery,
  • 00:24:25.100 --> 00:24:28.090
  • escaped from slavery, hid out for awhile so not
  • 00:24:28.090 --> 00:24:31.020
  • to be taken back into slavery, and then becomes
  • 00:24:31.020 --> 00:24:33.180
  • one of the greatest law enforcement officials
  • 00:24:33.180 --> 00:24:35.250
  • in the history of the United States.
  • 00:24:35.250 --> 00:24:38.080
  • And here's two guys very different backgrounds.
  • 00:24:38.080 --> 00:24:41.070
  • One black, one white.
  • 00:24:41.070 --> 00:24:42.280
  • And yet what they did together, I mean what a team
  • 00:24:42.280 --> 00:24:46.050
  • they made working for justice in that area.
  • 00:24:46.050 --> 00:24:48.130
  • - Well and especially in a culture where there's
  • 00:24:48.130 --> 00:24:49.290
  • so much division, there's so much separation,
  • 00:24:49.290 --> 00:24:52.210
  • there's so much frustration between people.
  • 00:24:52.210 --> 00:24:54.150
  • It's great to see examples where if you find common ground
  • 00:24:54.150 --> 00:24:59.000
  • and common goals where incredibly dissimilar people
  • 00:24:59.000 --> 00:25:02.130
  • can come together and they can unite for a common
  • 00:25:02.130 --> 00:25:04.140
  • purpose and really do something significant
  • 00:25:04.140 --> 00:25:06.210
  • and that is one of the fun things about the Bass Reeves
  • 00:25:06.210 --> 00:25:08.260
  • story is he was someone who cared about justice,
  • 00:25:08.260 --> 00:25:11.200
  • who cared about right, who wasn't afraid even
  • 00:25:11.200 --> 00:25:13.260
  • for his family, even for his minister,
  • 00:25:13.260 --> 00:25:15.160
  • to uphold the standard.
  • 00:25:15.160 --> 00:25:17.020
  • - Well see that's the other thing that gets me with him
  • 00:25:17.020 --> 00:25:18.020
  • is the word duty stands out more.
  • 00:25:18.020 --> 00:25:20.000
  • Because how many today would be willing to arrest
  • 00:25:20.000 --> 00:25:22.100
  • their own son or to arrest the, and for him
  • 00:25:22.100 --> 00:25:24.180
  • it's no this is my duty.
  • 00:25:24.180 --> 00:25:27.060
  • I'm going to do what I'm suppose to do.
  • 00:25:27.060 --> 00:25:29.070
  • And the fact that he did his duty at such a,
  • 00:25:29.070 --> 00:25:32.220
  • if you will, a high maybe dislike 'cause I can't imagine
  • 00:25:32.220 --> 00:25:37.080
  • he enjoyed arresting his son or minister,
  • 00:25:37.080 --> 00:25:39.000
  • but he did it and how many times he had guys
  • 00:25:39.000 --> 00:25:42.030
  • shooting at him, but that was his duty.
  • 00:25:42.030 --> 00:25:44.120
  • He had to go get them.
  • 00:25:44.120 --> 00:25:45.240
  • But the word duty is something that really stands
  • 00:25:45.240 --> 00:25:47.170
  • out to me with Bass Reeves and really that's
  • 00:25:47.170 --> 00:25:49.270
  • a character trait we need more of today.
  • 00:25:49.270 --> 00:25:51.280
  • - It is, and I think even with Orion Howe
  • 00:25:51.280 --> 00:25:53.200
  • that duty might be an appropriate word because the reason
  • 00:25:53.200 --> 00:25:55.220
  • he got the Medal of Honor wasn't because he was excited
  • 00:25:55.220 --> 00:25:58.190
  • about running up a hill through gunfire
  • 00:25:58.190 --> 00:26:00.210
  • it was no I have to do this.
  • 00:26:00.210 --> 00:26:03.190
  • Maybe self sacrifice would be another good word,
  • 00:26:03.190 --> 00:26:06.150
  • but I have to do what's right which is the idea of duty.
  • 00:26:06.150 --> 00:26:09.090
  • But self sacrifice I don't mind what it costs me,
  • 00:26:09.090 --> 00:26:12.130
  • I have to help my brethren out in this regard.
  • 00:26:12.130 --> 00:26:16.080
  • And so I think for both of them there's no doubt
  • 00:26:16.080 --> 00:26:18.120
  • duty was involved maybe even self sacrifice,
  • 00:26:18.120 --> 00:26:21.060
  • but both of those are character traits we could
  • 00:26:21.060 --> 00:26:22.190
  • use more of today.
  • 00:26:22.190 --> 00:26:24.030
  • (energetic music)
  • 00:26:24.030 --> 00:26:26.280
  • - [Narrator] We hope you're enjoying TBN's
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  • exclusive series "America's Hidden History".
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  • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans
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  • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
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  • Right now, we want to send you the entire first season
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