America's Hidden History | Annie Oakley | TBN

America's Hidden History | Annie Oakley

Watch America's Hidden History | Annie Oakley
October 17, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Annie Oakley

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  • - [Announcer] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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  • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton,
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  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians don't want you to know.
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  • This is "America's Hidden History."
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  • (dramatic orchestral music)
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  • (slow guitar music)
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  • (upbeat guitar music)
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  • - We're in Darke County, Ohio, here to tell the story
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  • of perhaps one of the most famous names in American history.
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  • You can see her right here, Annie Oakley.
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  • And there's really no better place to start this story
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  • than where we are.
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  • You can see it's The National Annie Oakley Center
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  • at the Garst Museum, which is a phenomenal museum
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  • up in Ohio, and they have more of the Annie Oakley
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  • collection, really, than anybody else.
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  • She was born in 1860 to a Quaker family,
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  • and they were a poor family living on a farm.
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  • And as she was growing up, her dad would hunt and trap,
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  • and she would often go with her dad,
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  • and she was learning how hunting and trapping worked,
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  • which would become significant later in her life.
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  • Well, when she was six, her dad died.
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  • And that's very tough on already a poor family
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  • living out in the country.
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  • Mom remarries, actually remarried more than once,
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  • the second husband died, remarries a third time,
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  • and they never just seem to find their way
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  • out of poverty, at least not when she's a kid.
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  • - In addition to all the personal instabilities
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  • she's got with family changes, she's born in 1860.
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  • Now that is the year Abraham Lincoln's elected president,
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  • followed by five years of civil war,
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  • huge polarization of the nation.
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  • She's from Ohio, she's in a Quaker family,
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  • the Quakers are very anti-slavery,
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  • Ohio's very much on the Union side,
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  • so she grows up at a time of huge national instability
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  • on top of the time of personal instability.
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  • - Yes, a very unique time, certainly, to grow up in America.
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  • Well, growing up as a poor family,
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  • when she was eight years old
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  • she said that she and her siblings were hungry,
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  • there was a rabbit, apparently,
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  • hopping across out in the yard in front of them.
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  • She said that they got their dad's gun,
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  • they loaded this gun up, she brought the gun up,
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  • and she says it's one of the best shots
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  • that she thinks she ever made in her entire life.
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  • Which is saying something, she shot a lot in her life.
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  • She shot this rabbit, the bullet went in one ear,
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  • out the other, she said, "I preserved all of the meat,"
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  • and they were able to eat.
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  • Well, she's discovering that actually hunting,
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  • providing food, can help the family live.
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  • Well, because it's still a poor family, hard times,
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  • she and one of her siblings, they go to live
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  • on essentially a poorhouse in the county.
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  • From the poorhouse, there's a local family,
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  • and the family wants to bring her on to come help,
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  • they have a young child in their house,
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  • and they need someone to help cook and bring in the water
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  • and all the things they want her to do.
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  • Well, in her own journal she describes this
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  • as "living with the wolves,"
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  • and it was essentially slavery for her,
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  • the abuse that she received,
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  • and really it was terrible conditions,
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  • so much so that one night she was thrown out of the house,
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  • into the snow, into the cold,
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  • had to spend the night out there,
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  • 'cause she didn't get one of her chores done that day.
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  • Really bad conditions.
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  • She ran away from that home
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  • after being there almost two years,
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  • goes back to the county poorhouse,
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  • at some time a young teenager, she makes it back home.
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  • As she gets back home, she begins hunting again
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  • for the family, providing food for the family,
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  • and not just for the family.
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  • She's able to collect enough game,
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  • they start selling these animals to other people
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  • in the town, and some of this actually gets sent
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  • all the way to Cincinnati, Ohio, to a hotel owner.
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  • When she's 15, she's actually hunted and sold
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  • enough of these wild animals that she has paid off
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  • the family mortgage for her mother, as a 15-year-old.
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  • Which, by the way, for every parent, right, maybe
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  • new life goal for your kids, tell 'em to get a job,
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  • pay off the mortgage, this is amazing.
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  • Well, because she's developing a name
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  • as an incredible hunter, there was a famous sharpshooter
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  • who was coming through Ohio and was in Cincinnati,
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  • and this Cincinnati hotel owner decided,
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  • "I'm gonna challenge this guy in a competition,"
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  • but he wasn't gonna shoot, he said, "I have someone
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  • "I want to shoot against you."
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  • He brought in this 15-year-old Annie Oakley,
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  • and Frank Butler, who was the Irish sharpshooter,
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  • you can imagine his surprise when he's thinking,
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  • "I'm gonna go to this competition,"
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  • and a 15-year-old girl is brought before him.
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  • Well, even more to his surprise, this 15-year-old girl
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  • beat him at the competition.
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  • After he lost to Annie Oakley, he was so impressed, he said,
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  • "I have to get to know this girl more."
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  • (slow jazz music)
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  • (dramatic orchestral music)
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  • (slow guitar music)
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  • (upbeat guitar music)
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  • We're in Fort Worth, Texas, picking up the story
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  • of Annie Oakley.
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  • We're at the Cowgirl Hall of Fame here in Fort Worth,
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  • actually with Dr. Diana Vela, thank you so much
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  • for being with us today, and amazing displays
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  • you guys have here.
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  • There's a big section for Annie,
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  • and so we've unfolded her story of her birth,
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  • her youth in Ohio, and got to the point
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  • where she actually won this competition
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  • against Frank Butler.
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  • And that was kinda the beginning of their relationship,
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  • 'cause Frank gets pretty impressed with her at this moment.
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  • - Oh, he absolutely is, and it was a contest
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  • that was set up by a hotel owner
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  • between Annie and Frank Butler,
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  • who himself was a very well-known marksman at the time.
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  • And she won, she got 25 out of 25 shots,
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  • and won, and beat him, and of course he fell in love,
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  • and asked her to marry him.
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  • - And so you guys actually have Annie's wedding ring.
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  • - We do.
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  • - [Tim] Which is a pretty amazing piece of history.
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  • - We do, and you know what I like about that ring
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  • is it, no pun intended, marries the public Annie
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  • and the personal Annie.
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  • You know, that one ring symbolizes both of those,
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  • and brings both of those worlds together.
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  • - So as she does become the public Annie,
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  • as she travels with Frank,
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  • and at the time Frank is still doing
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  • a lot of shooting competitions,
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  • and Annie is almost a tag-along
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  • in some respects. - Yes, mm-hmm.
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  • - But she begins to shoot, people love seeing her shoot,
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  • and Frank realizes she's really the star.
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  • How does that transform
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  • into her being now the lead of the show?
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  • - [Diana] You know, he was no idiot, he saw that the crowds
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  • really loved her, because she was a novelty, you know,
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  • she was this very petite, Victorian-appearing woman,
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  • but man, she was an excellent shot.
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  • And so he saw a very good money-making opportunity
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  • in his bride, and so then they turned that into,
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  • "You know, what, I'm gonna take a back seat,
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  • "and I want you to be the star."
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  • - And so this is not him exploiting her, per se,
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  • but just recognizing - No, of course not.
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  • - that she's amazing, and "People want to see
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  • "my amazing wife, who's very talented."
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  • - Well, of course, of course, I mean, they are a team,
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  • and this is how they make money,
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  • and if the crowds want to see her instead of him,
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  • then absolutely, we're going to go with Annie.
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  • - And so as he then becomes kind of the manager
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  • for the show. - Absolutely.
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  • Absolutely.
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  • - What would the show look like,
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  • as Annie's doing tricks or competitions,
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  • what would be those tricks or competitions she's a part of?
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  • - She would do a lot of what we would call skeet shooting,
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  • and you know, actually as they would travel around
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  • and they would do their shows and their exhibitions,
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  • they were really interested in becoming
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  • part of these Wild West shows that were wildly popular
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  • in the 19th century, and they thought,
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  • "You know what, this would be an excellent place for her."
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  • You know, women in these Wild West shows,
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  • they were kind of a novelty, I mean,
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  • what women go out and do this?
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  • And then you had this petite woman coming out there,
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  • wielding a gun, I mean, people particularly in the Northeast
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  • had never seen such a thing.
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  • - So what kind of things do you guys have
  • 00:07:57.120 --> 00:08:00.180
  • that relate to Annie Oakley?
  • 00:08:00.180 --> 00:08:02.060
  • - We have got an entire, we call it a pod,
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  • here behind us, that has got some artifacts
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  • related to Annie, and then we have also got
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  • what I think are some of the most unique artifacts
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  • related to her, and that is her personal letters.
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  • Because if you think about it, there is nothing
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  • as unique as a letter.
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  • You know, it was written at one point in time
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  • by one person with those one thoughts in her mind.
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  • - What do you think is something
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  • people don't know about Annie?
  • 00:08:26.280 --> 00:08:28.050
  • - That she took on the Hearst Corporation,
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  • fought close to two dozen lawsuits against them,
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  • when they had published some incorrect, alternate facts,
  • 00:08:33.090 --> 00:08:37.030
  • some incorrect things (Tim laughs)
  • 00:08:37.030 --> 00:08:37.280
  • about her, so.
  • 00:08:37.280 --> 00:08:39.030
  • - And we kind of understand, in the era
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  • where this hashtag fake news has become popular,
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  • you see people saying things that aren't always accurate?
  • 00:08:43.080 --> 00:08:46.110
  • - Yeah. - That's not always
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  • a new thing.
  • 00:08:47.160 --> 00:08:48.220
  • - No it's not, but you know what,
  • 00:08:48.220 --> 00:08:49.280
  • this was a woman who built her entire career,
  • 00:08:49.280 --> 00:08:53.120
  • built this entire public kind of persona of, you know,
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  • "I'm a woman, I'm shooting, this is my job,"
  • 00:08:57.210 --> 00:09:01.030
  • and the article talked about her being a cocaine addict.
  • 00:09:01.030 --> 00:09:04.120
  • And that was not okay, I mean, that could actually have
  • 00:09:04.120 --> 00:09:06.250
  • an implication on their ability to continue to work
  • 00:09:06.250 --> 00:09:09.280
  • and earn money. - Huge.
  • 00:09:09.280 --> 00:09:10.260
  • And she did win or settle
  • 00:09:10.260 --> 00:09:12.090
  • - [Diana] Yes.
  • 00:09:12.090 --> 00:09:13.070
  • - every one of those, right?
  • 00:09:13.070 --> 00:09:14.130
  • - [Diana] Yes, I think all but one, yes.
  • 00:09:14.130 --> 00:09:15.190
  • - Okay, so, really was vindicated
  • 00:09:15.190 --> 00:09:17.170
  • of all of those charges. - Absolutely.
  • 00:09:17.170 --> 00:09:19.000
  • Absolutely, but you know what, the monies that she won
  • 00:09:19.000 --> 00:09:21.100
  • was all spent, with the legal fees.
  • 00:09:21.100 --> 00:09:24.180
  • - Yeah, recovering what it cost.
  • 00:09:24.180 --> 00:09:26.030
  • - Absolutely.
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  • - But that's where sometimes that reputation and name
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  • is worth puttin' some money into it,
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  • 'cause that's also her legacy.
  • 00:09:30.240 --> 00:09:32.030
  • - Absolutely.
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  • (dramatic orchestral music)
  • 00:09:33.010 --> 00:09:37.100
  • (slow guitar music)
  • 00:09:37.100 --> 00:09:40.100
  • (upbeat guitar music)
  • 00:09:42.180 --> 00:09:45.230
  • - We're in Cody, Wyoming,
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  • at the Buffalo Bill Center of the West Museum,
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  • an absolutely amazing collection around us.
  • 00:09:58.270 --> 00:10:01.090
  • Now, Buffalo Bill not really the feature of this story,
  • 00:10:01.090 --> 00:10:04.120
  • however, part of the story where it intersects
  • 00:10:04.120 --> 00:10:07.060
  • is with Annie Oakley.
  • 00:10:07.060 --> 00:10:08.250
  • Now after Annie won the competition against Frank Butler,
  • 00:10:08.250 --> 00:10:10.250
  • and they began partnering together,
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  • and they're doing exhibitions,
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  • in fact, as they're doing exhibitions,
  • 00:10:13.120 --> 00:10:15.030
  • Annie would do some of her trick shooting,
  • 00:10:15.030 --> 00:10:17.230
  • which was part of what Frank would do as well,
  • 00:10:17.230 --> 00:10:19.170
  • and Annie became pretty noted for many of her trick shots.
  • 00:10:19.170 --> 00:10:22.090
  • - Yeah, over the course of her career, she did
  • 00:10:22.090 --> 00:10:24.090
  • so many things that we just kind of go, "Oh my gosh."
  • 00:10:24.090 --> 00:10:27.210
  • She would take a bottle, like a wine bottle,
  • 00:10:27.210 --> 00:10:29.240
  • and shoot the cork off the bottle
  • 00:10:29.240 --> 00:10:31.090
  • without hurting the bottle.
  • 00:10:31.090 --> 00:10:32.160
  • Even on horseback, you could hold a card up
  • 00:10:32.160 --> 00:10:34.080
  • and she would shoot through the center of the card.
  • 00:10:34.080 --> 00:10:36.120
  • There's times when they record that someone threw
  • 00:10:36.120 --> 00:10:38.120
  • a playing card in the air and she, with the pistol,
  • 00:10:38.120 --> 00:10:40.030
  • would shoot it six times before it hit the ground.
  • 00:10:40.030 --> 00:10:41.240
  • It's just amazing
  • 00:10:41.240 --> 00:10:43.040
  • what she did. - Even her husband, Frank,
  • 00:10:43.040 --> 00:10:44.150
  • at times, would have a cigarette or cigar in his mouth,
  • 00:10:44.150 --> 00:10:46.200
  • and she would shoot that out of his, I mean,
  • 00:10:46.200 --> 00:10:49.250
  • pretty remarkable stuff. - You better hope
  • 00:10:49.250 --> 00:10:51.100
  • you didn't have a fight with your wife that morning,
  • 00:10:51.100 --> 00:10:52.270
  • before you put that cigarette in your mouth.
  • 00:10:52.270 --> 00:10:54.180
  • - And there's gotta be a lot of trust in these moments.
  • 00:10:54.180 --> 00:10:56.280
  • Well, actually, in 1884 she was with Frank,
  • 00:10:56.280 --> 00:11:00.210
  • they're doing an exhibition, up in Minnesota,
  • 00:11:00.210 --> 00:11:03.010
  • well, there was actually an Indian chief,
  • 00:11:03.010 --> 00:11:04.270
  • Lakota Indian Chief Sitting Bull,
  • 00:11:04.270 --> 00:11:07.000
  • who really came to notoriety because of defeating
  • 00:11:07.000 --> 00:11:10.220
  • General Custer, where Custer's last stand?
  • 00:11:10.220 --> 00:11:12.270
  • Well this is the Indian chief that wiped out Custer.
  • 00:11:12.270 --> 00:11:15.190
  • Well, he heard Annie Oakley was comin' to town, and says,
  • 00:11:15.190 --> 00:11:18.160
  • "I need to meet this girl."
  • 00:11:18.160 --> 00:11:19.280
  • We recognize, nope, he killed a whole bunch
  • 00:11:19.280 --> 00:11:22.000
  • of military personnel, so he's in prison,
  • 00:11:22.000 --> 00:11:25.060
  • but he was able to go watch her shoot,
  • 00:11:25.060 --> 00:11:27.090
  • he was able to meet her, he was so impressed,
  • 00:11:27.090 --> 00:11:29.230
  • he actually gave her a new nickname,
  • 00:11:29.230 --> 00:11:31.090
  • which became kind of a moniker for her the rest of her life.
  • 00:11:31.090 --> 00:11:33.170
  • - Yeah, he named her Little Sure Shot,
  • 00:11:33.170 --> 00:11:35.220
  • which is the name she kept,
  • 00:11:35.220 --> 00:11:37.050
  • and they had a great relationship, friendship,
  • 00:11:37.050 --> 00:11:39.100
  • for the remainder of their lives.
  • 00:11:39.100 --> 00:11:40.240
  • - Well, the following year, she and Frank actually joined up
  • 00:11:40.240 --> 00:11:43.140
  • with Buffalo Bill, his big Wild West Show and production,
  • 00:11:43.140 --> 00:11:47.060
  • and Annie Oakley becomes a feature for this.
  • 00:11:47.060 --> 00:11:49.120
  • Now at this point, Frank is much more of her manager
  • 00:11:49.120 --> 00:11:52.230
  • than actually the traveling marksman he used to be,
  • 00:11:52.230 --> 00:11:55.180
  • and so he's helping her with what's going on.
  • 00:11:55.180 --> 00:11:57.190
  • Well, when they joined the Wild West,
  • 00:11:57.190 --> 00:11:59.140
  • this was an absolutely amazing production.
  • 00:11:59.140 --> 00:12:02.150
  • - It is, it's called Buffalo Bill's Wild West,
  • 00:12:02.150 --> 00:12:05.060
  • but if you live in the West, this is what you do every day.
  • 00:12:05.060 --> 00:12:07.260
  • But so much of America lived in the East,
  • 00:12:07.260 --> 00:12:10.020
  • and they had been civilized for all these years,
  • 00:12:10.020 --> 00:12:12.010
  • and they really didn't know what western life was like.
  • 00:12:12.010 --> 00:12:14.200
  • And so when Buffalo Bill's Wild West comes to town,
  • 00:12:14.200 --> 00:12:17.100
  • man, you've got fights with Indians, and with cowboys,
  • 00:12:17.100 --> 00:12:20.040
  • and you've got stagecoach holdups and robberies,
  • 00:12:20.040 --> 00:12:22.170
  • and you've got trick riding, and all the stuff
  • 00:12:22.170 --> 00:12:24.100
  • they never see or never do back East,
  • 00:12:24.100 --> 00:12:26.070
  • and this thing becomes a really big hit,
  • 00:12:26.070 --> 00:12:28.180
  • because people are now being exposed to what life is like
  • 00:12:28.180 --> 00:12:31.100
  • out West, and it's still goin' on out West,
  • 00:12:31.100 --> 00:12:33.190
  • but they just don't know it in the East.
  • 00:12:33.190 --> 00:12:35.020
  • - Yeah, Buffalo Bill was really a phenomenal
  • 00:12:35.020 --> 00:12:37.040
  • marketing genius when it came to "Lemme offer you
  • 00:12:37.040 --> 00:12:39.290
  • "something that you've probably never seen,"
  • 00:12:39.290 --> 00:12:41.290
  • but an incredible production and a show,
  • 00:12:41.290 --> 00:12:44.150
  • and the show was something that was a very large production.
  • 00:12:44.150 --> 00:12:48.090
  • It was estimated it took between 50 to 60 train cars
  • 00:12:48.090 --> 00:12:52.140
  • to be able to transport all of the people
  • 00:12:52.140 --> 00:12:54.140
  • and all of the stuff, the hundreds of animals
  • 00:12:54.140 --> 00:12:57.190
  • and the people, I mean, really a big show and production.
  • 00:12:57.190 --> 00:13:00.160
  • Well, Annie becomes one of the top-billing names
  • 00:13:00.160 --> 00:13:03.230
  • for this Wild West Show.
  • 00:13:03.230 --> 00:13:05.090
  • Well, the Wild West Show does very well in America,
  • 00:13:05.090 --> 00:13:07.230
  • but it doesn't stay in America.
  • 00:13:07.230 --> 00:13:09.010
  • In fact, in 1887, they actually take this show
  • 00:13:09.010 --> 00:13:11.190
  • over to Europe, which at the time, Queen Victoria
  • 00:13:11.190 --> 00:13:14.010
  • was having a major celebration, and the Wild West
  • 00:13:14.010 --> 00:13:16.270
  • becomes a feature show of that celebration.
  • 00:13:16.270 --> 00:13:19.060
  • (dramatic orchestral music)
  • 00:13:19.060 --> 00:13:22.260
  • (slow guitar music)
  • 00:13:23.290 --> 00:13:26.290
  • (upbeat guitar music)
  • 00:13:29.220 --> 00:13:32.270
  • While they're in Europe, they perform before the queen,
  • 00:13:34.090 --> 00:13:36.120
  • in fact many shows happen before the queen,
  • 00:13:36.120 --> 00:13:38.020
  • and the queen was apparently very taken with Annie,
  • 00:13:38.020 --> 00:13:40.290
  • had many compliments about her.
  • 00:13:40.290 --> 00:13:42.240
  • And this is kind of a fun thing, thinking about Annie,
  • 00:13:42.240 --> 00:13:45.050
  • because Annie wasn't like most other female performers
  • 00:13:45.050 --> 00:13:48.120
  • of that time.
  • 00:13:48.120 --> 00:13:49.190
  • - Yeah, she really was very different.
  • 00:13:49.190 --> 00:13:50.260
  • She was very concerned about her reputation
  • 00:13:50.260 --> 00:13:52.070
  • and her image, and she made her own costumes,
  • 00:13:52.070 --> 00:13:55.010
  • and they're always very prim and very proper,
  • 00:13:55.010 --> 00:13:57.060
  • and very modest.
  • 00:13:57.060 --> 00:13:58.120
  • She'd learned to sew when she's a young girl,
  • 00:13:58.120 --> 00:13:59.250
  • so she sewed her own costumes,
  • 00:13:59.250 --> 00:14:01.160
  • and this is in a time when many female performers
  • 00:14:01.160 --> 00:14:04.000
  • had very risque costumes.
  • 00:14:04.000 --> 00:14:06.040
  • Not her, even when you see her doing tricks on a horse,
  • 00:14:06.040 --> 00:14:09.100
  • it's always in this long dress
  • 00:14:09.100 --> 00:14:10.260
  • and this very prim and proper look,
  • 00:14:10.260 --> 00:14:12.200
  • and that was who she was, that was the nature
  • 00:14:12.200 --> 00:14:15.040
  • of what she wanted to be and what she wanted others to see.
  • 00:14:15.040 --> 00:14:17.160
  • - Well, and mentioning some of the fun tricks she did,
  • 00:14:17.160 --> 00:14:19.180
  • so it was noted that actually at times,
  • 00:14:19.180 --> 00:14:21.270
  • people would throw up a dime in front of her
  • 00:14:21.270 --> 00:14:23.140
  • and she could shoot the middle out of a dime.
  • 00:14:23.140 --> 00:14:25.240
  • It really was impressive what she was doing.
  • 00:14:25.240 --> 00:14:28.180
  • They begin traveling and doing exhibitions,
  • 00:14:28.180 --> 00:14:30.130
  • and this is when Annie does a lot of really noted tricks,
  • 00:14:30.130 --> 00:14:33.060
  • and her sharpshooting was really well noticed
  • 00:14:33.060 --> 00:14:36.140
  • and documented, because there were times
  • 00:14:36.140 --> 00:14:38.060
  • when her husband, Frank, would throw up targets for her.
  • 00:14:38.060 --> 00:14:40.220
  • And a lot of the times, the targets would be glass balls,
  • 00:14:40.220 --> 00:14:43.000
  • so it's easy to tell when it gets hit, it breaks,
  • 00:14:43.000 --> 00:14:44.260
  • it bursts, you can notice it got hit.
  • 00:14:44.260 --> 00:14:47.000
  • Well he identified at one point
  • 00:14:47.000 --> 00:14:48.110
  • they threw up 1000 of these glass balls,
  • 00:14:48.110 --> 00:14:50.160
  • of which Annie shot 943 with a .22 rifle.
  • 00:14:50.160 --> 00:14:54.230
  • - And if you've ever seen skeet shooting,
  • 00:14:54.230 --> 00:14:56.150
  • there's a machine that'll launch skeet out there
  • 00:14:56.150 --> 00:14:58.130
  • and 40, 50, 60 yards you shoot it with a shotgun,
  • 00:14:58.130 --> 00:15:01.020
  • which maybe has a pattern that big.
  • 00:15:01.020 --> 00:15:03.090
  • She's shooting the equivalent of a tennis ball
  • 00:15:03.090 --> 00:15:05.270
  • with a .22 rifle, right through, and there was a time
  • 00:15:05.270 --> 00:15:10.080
  • when Frank threw 5000 of those glass balls,
  • 00:15:10.080 --> 00:15:13.250
  • she shot 4772 of those balls out of the air.
  • 00:15:13.250 --> 00:15:18.250
  • Amazing what she did.
  • 00:15:18.250 --> 00:15:20.040
  • - And she also would go to competitions
  • 00:15:20.040 --> 00:15:21.190
  • while she was in Europe,
  • 00:15:21.190 --> 00:15:22.270
  • and then she would shoot against men quite often,
  • 00:15:22.270 --> 00:15:24.120
  • and sometimes the only competitions were in clubs,
  • 00:15:24.120 --> 00:15:27.180
  • and actually for some nations,
  • 00:15:27.180 --> 00:15:28.280
  • to be able to shoot, you had to join a club,
  • 00:15:28.280 --> 00:15:30.160
  • because they're the only ones allowed to have guns
  • 00:15:30.160 --> 00:15:32.130
  • in some of those nations.
  • 00:15:32.130 --> 00:15:33.210
  • She actually would have to load her own bullets.
  • 00:15:33.210 --> 00:15:36.140
  • And in order to do this, in some nations
  • 00:15:36.140 --> 00:15:38.170
  • they actually would limit the powder you could bring in,
  • 00:15:38.170 --> 00:15:40.220
  • you had to use their own powder,
  • 00:15:40.220 --> 00:15:42.010
  • she found ways to smuggle in powder.
  • 00:15:42.010 --> 00:15:44.120
  • There were girls that would travel with her,
  • 00:15:44.120 --> 00:15:46.090
  • and she would have them carry bags of powder
  • 00:15:46.090 --> 00:15:49.020
  • around their body, under their dresses.
  • 00:15:49.020 --> 00:15:51.160
  • But she continues on for roughly a year,
  • 00:15:51.160 --> 00:15:53.190
  • maybe a year and a half, and then Annie comes back,
  • 00:15:53.190 --> 00:15:56.150
  • she joins up with the Wild West again,
  • 00:15:56.150 --> 00:15:58.090
  • she's part of the show, at this point she's the headliner,
  • 00:15:58.090 --> 00:16:01.020
  • and she begins making more than everybody else in the show
  • 00:16:01.020 --> 00:16:04.110
  • with the exception of Bill Cody,
  • 00:16:04.110 --> 00:16:06.160
  • who's the guy who owns and runs the show,
  • 00:16:06.160 --> 00:16:09.170
  • so she really is doing very well.
  • 00:16:09.170 --> 00:16:11.230
  • At this point, she's kind of a rock star in America.
  • 00:16:11.230 --> 00:16:15.080
  • Her name is incredibly well known.
  • 00:16:15.080 --> 00:16:17.160
  • She traveled with the show for almost 16 straight years
  • 00:16:17.160 --> 00:16:21.270
  • before she finally leaves and they begin doing other things.
  • 00:16:21.270 --> 00:16:25.120
  • But there's no doubt Annie made an incredible name
  • 00:16:25.120 --> 00:16:28.090
  • for herself, and part of it was
  • 00:16:28.090 --> 00:16:29.260
  • because of the Wild West Show and production.
  • 00:16:29.260 --> 00:16:32.150
  • (slow jazz music)
  • 00:16:32.150 --> 00:16:35.100
  • - What I've got here is a really cool artifact.
  • 00:16:40.290 --> 00:16:43.240
  • This is one of Annie Oakley's guns
  • 00:16:43.240 --> 00:16:45.140
  • that she shot during one of her shows,
  • 00:16:45.140 --> 00:16:48.060
  • and actually it's got her name on it,
  • 00:16:48.060 --> 00:16:50.010
  • a little plate showing what it is.
  • 00:16:50.010 --> 00:16:51.080
  • And what would happen is after the show,
  • 00:16:51.080 --> 00:16:53.070
  • she would actually raffle this off,
  • 00:16:53.070 --> 00:16:54.210
  • so if you went to one of Annie Oakley's shows,
  • 00:16:54.210 --> 00:16:56.140
  • there's a chance you could walk away
  • 00:16:56.140 --> 00:16:58.010
  • with the gun that she shot that day.
  • 00:16:58.010 --> 00:16:59.260
  • So really cool, this is a little pump-action .22,
  • 00:16:59.260 --> 00:17:02.170
  • unfortunately the previous owner wasn't the most kind to it,
  • 00:17:02.170 --> 00:17:05.000
  • but it's still really neat.
  • 00:17:05.000 --> 00:17:06.180
  • And what's probably even cooler is what's right over here.
  • 00:17:06.180 --> 00:17:10.000
  • These are little glass balls, they almost look like
  • 00:17:10.000 --> 00:17:12.020
  • Christmas ornaments, but they're actually the targets
  • 00:17:12.020 --> 00:17:14.280
  • that she would shoot during the show.
  • 00:17:14.280 --> 00:17:16.130
  • So it's super ornate, it's got the maker's name
  • 00:17:16.130 --> 00:17:20.020
  • going around it, and it's crazy to me to think
  • 00:17:20.020 --> 00:17:22.200
  • that they would put so much time into making
  • 00:17:22.200 --> 00:17:24.060
  • such a cool little target, just to be shot.
  • 00:17:24.060 --> 00:17:26.280
  • So really neat, and then additionally, over here,
  • 00:17:26.280 --> 00:17:31.040
  • I've got a coin.
  • 00:17:31.040 --> 00:17:32.190
  • Now this is a one penny, Queen Victoria, from 1900.
  • 00:17:32.190 --> 00:17:35.210
  • So it's an English coin, and when Buffalo Bill's
  • 00:17:35.210 --> 00:17:38.020
  • Wild West Show was doing their European tour,
  • 00:17:38.020 --> 00:17:40.060
  • this is definitely one of the coins
  • 00:17:40.060 --> 00:17:42.070
  • that she probably shot while she was over in England.
  • 00:17:42.070 --> 00:17:44.100
  • There's a chance she might have even shot it
  • 00:17:44.100 --> 00:17:46.060
  • in front of the queen,
  • 00:17:46.060 --> 00:17:47.110
  • which is kind of funny to think about,
  • 00:17:47.110 --> 00:17:48.220
  • but it's got her name kind of stamped into it.
  • 00:17:48.220 --> 00:17:51.140
  • So after the show they would stamp it, mark it,
  • 00:17:51.140 --> 00:17:53.200
  • and then, you know, raffle it off to somebody again.
  • 00:17:53.200 --> 00:17:56.030
  • So it's got the queen's face on the back of it.
  • 00:17:56.030 --> 00:17:58.050
  • Really neat, amazing shot, it blows my mind
  • 00:17:58.050 --> 00:18:01.100
  • that she was able to do this.
  • 00:18:01.100 --> 00:18:02.240
  • And then over here we've got a couple more artifacts.
  • 00:18:02.240 --> 00:18:04.210
  • So this is a side-saddle, this is similar
  • 00:18:04.210 --> 00:18:07.130
  • to what Annie Oakley used for a lot of her shows,
  • 00:18:07.130 --> 00:18:10.040
  • and so she would be sitting here,
  • 00:18:10.040 --> 00:18:11.250
  • then one leg would kind of go off this way,
  • 00:18:11.250 --> 00:18:13.270
  • and then the other leg would go around this,
  • 00:18:13.270 --> 00:18:15.200
  • and then wrap around and kinda tuck in here
  • 00:18:15.200 --> 00:18:17.140
  • so she has something to balance herself
  • 00:18:17.140 --> 00:18:19.130
  • while she's riding, while she's doing tricks.
  • 00:18:19.130 --> 00:18:22.040
  • And over here we've got a full-page advertisement.
  • 00:18:22.040 --> 00:18:26.020
  • So this is how they got people to come to the show,
  • 00:18:26.020 --> 00:18:27.280
  • to alert them that they were goin'.
  • 00:18:27.280 --> 00:18:29.050
  • You've got Buffalo Bill right here,
  • 00:18:29.050 --> 00:18:30.270
  • and then you got Annie Oakley, one of the main stars.
  • 00:18:30.270 --> 00:18:33.140
  • So right up there, right up top, just incredible.
  • 00:18:33.140 --> 00:18:36.120
  • She was definitely one of the big draws,
  • 00:18:36.120 --> 00:18:38.060
  • for coming to the show, and we could probably say
  • 00:18:38.060 --> 00:18:40.230
  • that she's one of the first, if not the first
  • 00:18:40.230 --> 00:18:43.090
  • big female superstar in America.
  • 00:18:43.090 --> 00:18:45.120
  • (dramatic orchestral music)
  • 00:18:45.120 --> 00:18:49.020
  • - One of the fun additions to Annie's show late in life
  • 00:18:55.180 --> 00:18:58.080
  • was Dave the dog.
  • 00:18:58.080 --> 00:18:59.160
  • Now Dave the dog was more or less a prop,
  • 00:18:59.160 --> 00:19:02.220
  • although a very well-trained prop.
  • 00:19:02.220 --> 00:19:05.040
  • Annie actually would shoot apples off his head.
  • 00:19:05.040 --> 00:19:07.140
  • Lots of tricks were involved with Dave,
  • 00:19:07.140 --> 00:19:09.270
  • and I encourage no one ever to try this anywhere, never,
  • 00:19:09.270 --> 00:19:12.120
  • not at home, nowhere, don't shoot things off your dog,
  • 00:19:12.120 --> 00:19:15.040
  • that's dangerous.
  • 00:19:15.040 --> 00:19:16.150
  • But Dave was a very prominent feature of the show,
  • 00:19:16.150 --> 00:19:19.100
  • late in these exhibitions that Annie did.
  • 00:19:19.100 --> 00:19:21.110
  • In fact, Frank and Annie never had any kids of their own,
  • 00:19:21.110 --> 00:19:24.030
  • and so Dave became kind of like an adopted child to them.
  • 00:19:24.030 --> 00:19:26.290
  • In fact, it was very sad when Dave died
  • 00:19:26.290 --> 00:19:29.120
  • in an automobile accident.
  • 00:19:29.120 --> 00:19:30.270
  • Annie, at this point, mourned Dave almost as if
  • 00:19:30.270 --> 00:19:34.110
  • it was a child that they had lost.
  • 00:19:34.110 --> 00:19:36.000
  • Nonetheless, Dave was a very fun feature
  • 00:19:36.000 --> 00:19:38.190
  • of the exhibitions later in the shows from Annie Oakley.
  • 00:19:38.190 --> 00:19:41.160
  • (dramatic orchestral music)
  • 00:19:41.160 --> 00:19:45.060
  • (slow guitar music)
  • 00:19:46.160 --> 00:19:49.150
  • (upbeat guitar music)
  • 00:19:51.230 --> 00:19:54.110
  • In 1892, Annie and Frank moved to New Jersey.
  • 00:19:54.110 --> 00:19:57.030
  • And at this point, they're out of public life,
  • 00:19:57.030 --> 00:19:59.110
  • they've retired from Buffalo Bill's Wild West,
  • 00:19:59.110 --> 00:20:01.270
  • and while they're in New Jersey,
  • 00:20:01.270 --> 00:20:03.060
  • Annie wants to find a way to give back.
  • 00:20:03.060 --> 00:20:04.230
  • When Annie grew up, she really didn't have
  • 00:20:04.230 --> 00:20:07.170
  • the formal education that we would think of,
  • 00:20:07.170 --> 00:20:09.180
  • of kids going to school, and she did get educated
  • 00:20:09.180 --> 00:20:12.080
  • later in life, in later childhood and adult years
  • 00:20:12.080 --> 00:20:15.090
  • she was educated, but she wanted to find a way
  • 00:20:15.090 --> 00:20:17.010
  • to give back, so she started schools for women.
  • 00:20:17.010 --> 00:20:19.110
  • But one of the primary things that these schools taught
  • 00:20:19.110 --> 00:20:22.020
  • was riflery, among other things.
  • 00:20:22.020 --> 00:20:23.210
  • - [David] Imagine that.
  • 00:20:23.210 --> 00:20:24.280
  • - Because she thought every woman should know
  • 00:20:24.280 --> 00:20:26.110
  • how to shoot a gun.
  • 00:20:26.110 --> 00:20:27.250
  • And, interestingly, when the Spanish-American War broke out,
  • 00:20:27.250 --> 00:20:30.050
  • she wrote the government and said, "Hey, I've got 50 women
  • 00:20:30.050 --> 00:20:32.030
  • "right now who are trained sharpshooters,"
  • 00:20:32.030 --> 00:20:34.160
  • in essence snipers, right, if you need a sniper,
  • 00:20:34.160 --> 00:20:36.230
  • she's offering the government women snipers,
  • 00:20:36.230 --> 00:20:39.030
  • which is an amazing thought.
  • 00:20:39.030 --> 00:20:40.170
  • But this is what she advocated much of her life,
  • 00:20:40.170 --> 00:20:42.290
  • was women can do more sometimes
  • 00:20:42.290 --> 00:20:44.170
  • than they were given credit for.
  • 00:20:44.170 --> 00:20:46.010
  • Well, in her lifetime it's estimated she trained
  • 00:20:46.010 --> 00:20:47.290
  • 15.000 women.
  • 00:20:47.290 --> 00:20:49.250
  • Well, after being in New Jersey for several years,
  • 00:20:49.250 --> 00:20:51.190
  • she and her husband moved into Maryland,
  • 00:20:51.190 --> 00:20:53.290
  • and in Maryland one of the coolest things to me
  • 00:20:53.290 --> 00:20:55.220
  • that happened while they were in Maryland
  • 00:20:55.220 --> 00:20:57.170
  • is, again, looking for ways to give back,
  • 00:20:57.170 --> 00:21:00.060
  • she took all of the medals that she had won
  • 00:21:00.060 --> 00:21:02.130
  • from these competitions, and even into her 60s
  • 00:21:02.130 --> 00:21:04.270
  • she was still winning competitions,
  • 00:21:04.270 --> 00:21:06.090
  • still setting world records,
  • 00:21:06.090 --> 00:21:07.240
  • so an amazing shot her whole life.
  • 00:21:07.240 --> 00:21:10.060
  • But she took the medals that she had won,
  • 00:21:10.060 --> 00:21:12.120
  • wanting to find a way to give back,
  • 00:21:12.120 --> 00:21:13.260
  • she melted the medals down, she sold the medals
  • 00:21:13.260 --> 00:21:16.260
  • and then took the money and gave the money
  • 00:21:16.260 --> 00:21:19.060
  • to an organization helping people in need.
  • 00:21:19.060 --> 00:21:21.150
  • Which is just kind of an amazing statement,
  • 00:21:21.150 --> 00:21:23.200
  • that she's taking these incredible things
  • 00:21:23.200 --> 00:21:25.180
  • and giving it away to help people.
  • 00:21:25.180 --> 00:21:27.030
  • - She's taken the symbols of a lifetime of achievement,
  • 00:21:27.030 --> 00:21:29.180
  • all across the world, all these nations, all the royalty,
  • 00:21:29.180 --> 00:21:32.130
  • she's taken, she's melted it down, and she took the money
  • 00:21:32.130 --> 00:21:34.270
  • from that and she gave it to a sanitarium
  • 00:21:34.270 --> 00:21:37.050
  • that was dealing with tuberculosis,
  • 00:21:37.050 --> 00:21:38.230
  • which was a brutal disease back in that day.
  • 00:21:38.230 --> 00:21:41.010
  • But all of her life achievements,
  • 00:21:41.010 --> 00:21:42.110
  • she gave it away to help others.
  • 00:21:42.110 --> 00:21:44.000
  • - Incredibly generous person.
  • 00:21:44.000 --> 00:21:45.080
  • Well, she and Frank, later on, in Maryland,
  • 00:21:45.080 --> 00:21:48.120
  • are in an automobile, they're in a car wreck,
  • 00:21:48.120 --> 00:21:50.050
  • and this car wreck changed her life forever.
  • 00:21:50.050 --> 00:21:51.220
  • She never fully recovered, had to wear a brace
  • 00:21:51.220 --> 00:21:54.070
  • the rest of her life, and she knew now
  • 00:21:54.070 --> 00:21:55.250
  • that her health is declining.
  • 00:21:55.250 --> 00:21:57.120
  • She tells Frank, "I don't wanna die in Maryland,
  • 00:21:57.120 --> 00:21:59.220
  • "let's go back to Ohio."
  • 00:21:59.220 --> 00:22:00.230
  • She and Frank move back to Ohio.
  • 00:22:00.230 --> 00:22:02.240
  • While they're in Ohio, family and friends
  • 00:22:02.240 --> 00:22:04.160
  • recognize that she's not doing as well.
  • 00:22:04.160 --> 00:22:06.220
  • In fact, there was a cowboy who wrote her a letter and said,
  • 00:22:06.220 --> 00:22:08.270
  • "Hey, if you need a blood transfusion, anything you need,
  • 00:22:08.270 --> 00:22:11.160
  • "I wanna help."
  • 00:22:11.160 --> 00:22:12.230
  • Well, she wrote back and told him,
  • 00:22:12.230 --> 00:22:14.100
  • although probably she's very grateful for this,
  • 00:22:14.100 --> 00:22:17.070
  • she says, "I'm trusting in God, and whatever He decides,
  • 00:22:17.070 --> 00:22:20.150
  • "when it's my time to go, I'm just gonna go."
  • 00:22:20.150 --> 00:22:22.160
  • Which is interesting, 'cause you do see this faith
  • 00:22:22.160 --> 00:22:24.190
  • coming out at times in her life.
  • 00:22:24.190 --> 00:22:26.050
  • - Yeah, and her faith was expressed in so many ways.
  • 00:22:26.050 --> 00:22:28.100
  • People report that every night she would read
  • 00:22:28.100 --> 00:22:30.180
  • from her New Testament, she'd read from Psalms,
  • 00:22:30.180 --> 00:22:32.130
  • she would pray, and when they were on the road,
  • 00:22:32.130 --> 00:22:34.180
  • this 17 years in the Buffalo Bill show, they would have,
  • 00:22:34.180 --> 00:22:37.210
  • the performers periodically would give them,
  • 00:22:37.210 --> 00:22:39.050
  • have religious services together,
  • 00:22:39.050 --> 00:22:41.130
  • and she and Frank periodically attended Protestant services,
  • 00:22:41.130 --> 00:22:43.250
  • so she was practicing her faith all this time
  • 00:22:43.250 --> 00:22:47.010
  • that she was on the road.
  • 00:22:47.010 --> 00:22:48.020
  • - So she really did trust God,
  • 00:22:48.020 --> 00:22:49.100
  • although her life did end not long after.
  • 00:22:49.100 --> 00:22:52.020
  • When she died, she was cremated, which is what she wanted.
  • 00:22:52.020 --> 00:22:54.290
  • Well, when Frank found out she had died,
  • 00:22:54.290 --> 00:22:56.280
  • he stopped eating, and he died only 18 days later.
  • 00:22:56.280 --> 00:23:00.130
  • And they were buried together.
  • 00:23:00.130 --> 00:23:01.260
  • So they met early in life, they lived their life together,
  • 00:23:01.260 --> 00:23:04.280
  • and they were together there at the end.
  • 00:23:04.280 --> 00:23:07.120
  • And what's really cool about Annie's story,
  • 00:23:07.120 --> 00:23:09.100
  • as we talk about how incredible she was of a sharpshooter,
  • 00:23:09.100 --> 00:23:12.160
  • and that's really what she's known for,
  • 00:23:12.160 --> 00:23:13.290
  • she also was an incredibly generous person.
  • 00:23:13.290 --> 00:23:16.030
  • Whether we talk about the Quaker background
  • 00:23:16.030 --> 00:23:18.030
  • and her difference of a performer of other people
  • 00:23:18.030 --> 00:23:20.190
  • or how much she gave back to others,
  • 00:23:20.190 --> 00:23:22.290
  • and taking these medals and giving 'em,
  • 00:23:22.290 --> 00:23:24.150
  • I mean, her life is filled with all the things she did,
  • 00:23:24.150 --> 00:23:27.070
  • as we talk about famous people in American history,
  • 00:23:27.070 --> 00:23:29.080
  • even though we know their names,
  • 00:23:29.080 --> 00:23:31.020
  • sometimes we don't always know all of their story.
  • 00:23:31.020 --> 00:23:33.060
  • Annie truly is one of those forgotten heroes
  • 00:23:33.060 --> 00:23:36.060
  • from American history.
  • 00:23:36.060 --> 00:23:37.220
  • (slow guitar music)
  • 00:23:37.220 --> 00:23:40.220
  • (horse snorts faintly)
  • 00:23:47.030 --> 00:23:51.040
  • - When I think about Annie Oakley, there's a couple of words
  • 00:23:51.040 --> 00:23:52.270
  • that stand out to me.
  • 00:23:52.270 --> 00:23:54.060
  • Because when you look at her as a superstar,
  • 00:23:54.060 --> 00:23:56.110
  • and all the attention that comes to her,
  • 00:23:56.110 --> 00:23:58.200
  • and how recognizable she is,
  • 00:23:58.200 --> 00:24:00.140
  • and she's known all over the world,
  • 00:24:00.140 --> 00:24:02.020
  • her humility is something that stands out to me.
  • 00:24:02.020 --> 00:24:05.120
  • Because there's nothing about her going around saying,
  • 00:24:05.120 --> 00:24:07.190
  • "Look at me, look who I am."
  • 00:24:07.190 --> 00:24:09.210
  • I mean, everybody's got their eyes on her,
  • 00:24:09.210 --> 00:24:11.050
  • but it's just like she just kinda blows that off,
  • 00:24:11.050 --> 00:24:13.230
  • she keeps a private life, she and Frank,
  • 00:24:13.230 --> 00:24:16.100
  • and then their home there, especially their life
  • 00:24:16.100 --> 00:24:18.170
  • on the east shore.
  • 00:24:18.170 --> 00:24:19.240
  • The humility stands out, but also the modesty.
  • 00:24:19.240 --> 00:24:22.140
  • I mean, here she is as a superstar,
  • 00:24:22.140 --> 00:24:24.010
  • and she's not drawing attention to herself,
  • 00:24:24.010 --> 00:24:25.200
  • and matter of fact she makes her own clothes
  • 00:24:25.200 --> 00:24:27.120
  • in such a way that it doesn't draw attention to her.
  • 00:24:27.120 --> 00:24:29.250
  • She doesn't want that look of glamor,
  • 00:24:29.250 --> 00:24:32.020
  • she wants to be very, and I just think those are
  • 00:24:32.020 --> 00:24:34.160
  • biblical traits.
  • 00:24:34.160 --> 00:24:36.000
  • You know, modesty and humility, those are things
  • 00:24:36.000 --> 00:24:37.280
  • that God's looking for in his people,
  • 00:24:37.280 --> 00:24:39.200
  • he talks about it so often in the scriptures,
  • 00:24:39.200 --> 00:24:41.200
  • and that's something that really stands out to me
  • 00:24:41.200 --> 00:24:43.170
  • with her as a superstar.
  • 00:24:43.170 --> 00:24:45.000
  • - Well, and you know, even, what's interesting is
  • 00:24:45.000 --> 00:24:46.260
  • she had a perception of a superstar,
  • 00:24:46.260 --> 00:24:49.180
  • but as we look back and study history,
  • 00:24:49.180 --> 00:24:51.140
  • she wasn't the only one doin' this kind of stuff.
  • 00:24:51.140 --> 00:24:54.000
  • She had a stage presence, when she joined
  • 00:24:54.000 --> 00:24:56.120
  • the Wild West Show, when she marries Frank
  • 00:24:56.120 --> 00:24:58.100
  • and they begin doing these tours together,
  • 00:24:58.100 --> 00:25:00.140
  • she certainly had great publicity.
  • 00:25:00.140 --> 00:25:02.230
  • Which, you could argue, right, her husband, Frank,
  • 00:25:02.230 --> 00:25:05.020
  • did a really good job of helping promote her,
  • 00:25:05.020 --> 00:25:08.110
  • but as we study history and we look at the western frontier,
  • 00:25:08.110 --> 00:25:12.020
  • there were a lot of women who had the courage,
  • 00:25:12.020 --> 00:25:16.120
  • who had the shooting ability,
  • 00:25:16.120 --> 00:25:18.010
  • who had some of the presence that she did,
  • 00:25:18.010 --> 00:25:20.080
  • they didn't have the public notoriety,
  • 00:25:20.080 --> 00:25:22.080
  • but I think Annie's interesting because she gives
  • 00:25:22.080 --> 00:25:25.090
  • a glimpse into the capability of women
  • 00:25:25.090 --> 00:25:28.150
  • that many men on the frontier knew about their wives.
  • 00:25:28.150 --> 00:25:31.100
  • Right, knew that, "No no no, my wife can help
  • 00:25:31.100 --> 00:25:34.020
  • "defend the house, help fight off the Indians,
  • 00:25:34.020 --> 00:25:36.070
  • "fight off the rustlers, right, help build fence."
  • 00:25:36.070 --> 00:25:38.110
  • There was something about a western woman
  • 00:25:38.110 --> 00:25:42.090
  • that was a lot more than I think a lot of people realized,
  • 00:25:42.090 --> 00:25:45.000
  • and she helped break some of those stereotypes,
  • 00:25:45.000 --> 00:25:47.210
  • especially from the East, of what we thought
  • 00:25:47.210 --> 00:25:49.270
  • proper should do, or should be.
  • 00:25:49.270 --> 00:25:51.240
  • I think it's probably even why she was so special
  • 00:25:51.240 --> 00:25:54.190
  • in some regards, is because people were seeing,
  • 00:25:54.190 --> 00:25:57.180
  • in the East, somebody doing something
  • 00:25:57.180 --> 00:25:59.210
  • they hadn't seen much of.
  • 00:25:59.210 --> 00:26:01.110
  • I don't know if in the West it'd been that impressive,
  • 00:26:01.110 --> 00:26:03.000
  • right, even the Wild West Show, in the West they're like,
  • 00:26:03.000 --> 00:26:05.070
  • "That's a normal life for us, what are you talking about,
  • 00:26:05.070 --> 00:26:07.170
  • "I'm not paying money to see you do what I do
  • 00:26:07.170 --> 00:26:09.110
  • "on a daily basis."
  • 00:26:09.110 --> 00:26:10.170
  • Arguably one of those first feminists,
  • 00:26:10.170 --> 00:26:12.210
  • helping break the mold and show, nope, women can do
  • 00:26:12.210 --> 00:26:16.010
  • a lot more than sometimes culture thinks
  • 00:26:16.010 --> 00:26:18.020
  • or the stereotypes are put on them.
  • 00:26:18.020 --> 00:26:20.040
  • She really was incredible at breaking that mold for women.
  • 00:26:20.040 --> 00:26:23.090
  • (dramatic orchestral music)
  • 00:26:23.090 --> 00:26:26.290
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